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<^,(pplt'»ir>it ti^ lite Buir.DlNG NEWS, Junifini In. J9U. lechnol 






Published for the STRAND NEWSPAPER CO., Ltd., by E. J. KIBBLEWHITE, Managing Director, 



Printed by St. Clements Press, Ltd., 

Newspaper Buildings, Portugal Street, 

Kingsway, London, W.C. 

Supptemeitt to the Bhildino News, January UK 191: 


[For Index to Illustrations see page VII.] 

ABBEYS ; Dunfermline, excavations 
at. "I'il ; Keading, capitals from, 
i;j8; Westminster (i>oIiceman's facts 
as to J, 390 

Ahercrombie, Balfour, the late, 335 

Academy, royal, exhibitions, 67, 143, 

" A I- ci dents," germs as, 505 

Accurate maps with the camera, 210 

Acoustics, auditorium, 315 

Acquisition of Land Act, 25, 413, 434, 
453, 475, 499, 517. 55(! 

Advertisers, English, Canadian 

buildetis and, 500 

AtTonautics buildings, national physi- 
cal laboratory, 86 

^Tislhetic expression, possibilities of 
concrete in, 193 

Africa. South, farm buildings in, 121 

Atrt- "of the sky-scraper, 138 

Air: London, dirt in, 144; raids and 
.-urveyors" fees, 315, 336 

All-tlermany cement union, 453 

AM Hallows Barking church, 290 

Almshouses, Ewelme, 594 

Ambulance corps, architects', 120 

America: first, Canada , 31S; 

South, timber resources of. 537 

Americans and the metric system, 518 

Ancient: India, town planning in, 67; 
sculpture in Japan, 303 

Anderson: Dr. Joseph, the late, 335; 
.Sir Kowand, honoured at Edin- 
burgh, 5; V. Armstrong and Whit- 
worth, 87 

Anglo-Saxon ornaments, 474 

Angus, Lieut. Stewart, the late, 409 

Antiquaries, societies of: Bristol, 409; 
Scottish, 536 

Antiquities, Manx. 212 

Anzac-on-.sea, land plots at, 20; 
Nuville V. Daily Express. 576, 595 

Appleton, Col. Edward, Torquay, the 
late, 21 

A)»preciation of the architect, 25 

Approach, Mall, encroachment on, 113 

Apipfoved society, architects and sur- 
veyors', 576 

Aipieduct, the Winnipeg, 476 

Arbitration, Kirklinton, 539 

Arclueological : association, British, 
64; in-^titute, royal, 38; lights, new, 
on ori'-'in of European civilisation, 
•217. 219, 243, 260; societies (London 
ami Middlesex) 337 (Somerset) 64 

Arches, stability of, 192 

Architect: appreciation of the, 25; 
killed in a church, 409; of Washing- 
ton Capitol extension, 267 

Architects: ambulance corps, 120; and 
labour exchanges, 413 ; and sur- 
veyors' (approved society) 576 
(diary) 577; British, royal institute 
of, 433, 489 (examinations) 110; Cape 
institute, 188; divorce, 63; Italian, 
training of, 1; society, the, 237, 387, 
481 (Manchester do.) 400 

\rchitectural : associations (Edin- 
burgh) 21 (hustory of) 51K (Ireland) 
452, 472, 577 (London) 497, 576 (do. 
roll of honour) 288, 49S (do. war 
service bureau) 164 (Northern) 
497: building construction, 144; 
craftsmen's society. (ila->gow, 21 ; 
ivamplcs of model drawing, 341 ; 
models at Sidbury, 387; sketching, 
417; society (Leeds) 311; use of big 
>t^)ncs, 210 
Architecture : and the war, ;i67 ; 
as jL fine art, 'ItW,, 269; dc- 
I'artinciit of. shL-thcliI ur'ivjrsitv. 
■-*3!t: English. 341 (<lonic>tic (;(.thir) 
.Vl'J ; historic, ]6S, ]h6; in re- 
lation to health and n'cllaru. 
■ys.i. 542. 562; .school of (Liverpool) 
361 (London univcr.sity college) 239 

Are germs "accidents"? 595 

AriPiy contr^icts and bribery, 360, 434 

Anio> ca^tl^■, Bristol, 498 

Art; anrl art education in England. 
3111; anil the citizen, 523; coninir- 
cial value of. in Industry, 13H: Hnc. 
architecture, as a, 266. •.;6!» ; giilleriis 
(inr-onie-ta.v on) llK (Port Suijlightl 
574; of Ku>sia, 433; preserving the 
world's heritage of, 4, 408; union, 
lila^gow, 577 
Vrlcriai road schemes, new, 440. 502 
\i lists' memorial rf Nati<mal Oallery 

lull, 501 
Artistes' Kifles: O.T.C., 23; m ]:qh\ 
t nun . 437. 441 ; Colonial, 165 ; 
Joiinuil. 313 

Art.-: and crafts exhibition, Burlin?- 
tnn b<iu>c, 241, 353; civic, associa- 
llUM. M. 61 

As^cciattons: archfologica! (British) 
64; architectural (Edinburgh) 21 
(history of) 518 (Ireland) 452. 472, 
577 (London) 497, 576 (do. roll of 
honour) 288. 498 (do. war ser- 
vice bureau) 164 (Nortliern) 597; 
builders' (Birmingham) 595; civic 
arts. 44, 64; garden cities, 387; hous- 
ing (Glasgow) 337; Lincolnshire auc- 
tioneers, 556; master builders (Liver- 
pool) 360; master decorators (Lewis- 
ham) SS (London) 164; master house 
painters, 361 ; sanitary inspecto.-s (at 
Cardiff) 319 
Asylums : lunatic, Thornhill, Derby- 
shire, 180. 211, 237, 262, 335 
Atelier, beaux arts, 337 
Athelhampton hall, 3, 62, 88 
Auctioneers: association, Lincolnshire. 

556; institute, 556 
Auditorium acoustics, 315 
Australian ornamental timbers. 170 
Aytoun, Major F. E., the late, 440 

BAILLIE v. Neville— Anzac-on-sea 

plots. 20 
Balance system of ventilation, 577 
Balsa wood and its jiroiiert'es. 94 
B^andages, tracing cloth as, 113 
Banks : Eccles, 20 ; Farrow's, 141 ; 

Handsworth. 62; Sydney. N.S.W.. 

287; York place, Portman .square, 

Bar, forty years at the, '-42 
Barges, villa, for excursion traftic. 315 
Barlow, Miss Hannah, the iatc, 516 
Bath, town (planning at, 577 
Beams, continuous, design « f. 341 
Beauty of design and utility, 168 
Beaux arts institute of New York, 

Bed, Garrick's, 435 
Belfry, Coniines, 432 
Belgian: glass imports, 188; repatria- 
tion operations, 165 
IJell, Capt. E. N. Frankland, V.C, the 

late. 335 
" Belting " concrete roads, 435 
Bene, a bootless, 167 
Benevolent institution, builders", j<h 
Benton. Lieut. .1. W., the kite. m\ 
Berger's stencil book. 2 
Beverley Minster, theft of carvings 

from, 164 
Bideford water supply, 64 
Big stones, architectural use of, 210 
Bird. Lieut. Rex W., the late, 285 
Birkenhead housing problem. 214. .5;i9 
Birmingham : builders" association. 
595; shortage of houses in, 390; 
town planning in. 411 
B'air, W. Wallace, the late, 237. 57G 
Blast furnace slag as constructional 

material, 27 
Blue glass, flies and. 316 
Brard: of Education, examiners' re- 
port, 366: of Trade (new oflices 
neede<t by) 265 (return>) 519 
Bobbins, wooden, scan'ity of, 3M 
Boiler-tube makers, (Jernian, 13k 
Bone, Muiriiead, government war 

artist. 189, 517 
Books for jirisoncrs of war, 138, .yjo 
Boote. Lt.-Col. C. E.. the late, 163 
Bootless bene, a, 167 
Boulogne cathedral. Jubilee of, 217 
Bourdon. Prof. Eugene, the late, (i3 
Bowles. Lieut. Bernard <J.. the laie. 

B(_-\v.-*tring roof truss, 70 
Box, Van Dicmen's lact|ucrrd. :js7 
Bovs that Klt:-hener raised, the. 242 
Brackctt. Win., Tunbridge Wells, the 

late, 21 
Braithwaite, .1. Ellis, the late. 495 
Bras,- rubbing's, varMisliing, 2HH 
Briiicry: army contract^-^ and, 360, 3S5, 

434; war ag linst. 457 
Brick.M .laitanese. 162; when lii-.-l made 

in England, 188. 2t2 
Bridge construction, eliniinating fal>e 

work in, 583 
Bridges: Charing Cr<i>s. 1. 167: 
Keadby. 514; Quebec (collapse of) 
263; railway, ujrkecp of, 87: Toledo 
(.Alcantara) 262 
Brighton: arts' club. 337; hippodrome. 

Bri.stol: Arno's castle. 49H; corpora- 
tion and their (Jcrman contractors, 
560 ; council chamber. Iiistori-al 
paintings for, 596; house-building in, 
239; model map o/. 369; price of 
gas in, 165; society of antiquaries, 

British: archffiological association, C4; 
architects, royal institute of, 433, 
4;J9 (examinations) 110; artists, royal 
society, 390 (Douglas fir) 476 (hem- 
lock) "435; Columbia (marble) 387; 
(spruce) 476; decimal system, 212, 
2S7 • Portland cement co., 89 
B.K.C. fabric, 2. 44 
Brown, Stewart and Co.'s report. 44 
Brucciani's collection of casts, 596 
Buccleugh miniatures collection, 189 
Builder: and solicitor, 87; v. land- 
owner (Webb V. Flint) 117, 136 
Builders : association, Birmingham, 
595; benevolent institution, 88; fore- 
man, 384; master, association, Liver- 
pool, 360 ; private, and the house 
famine, 594 
Building: Acts, government structures 
and, 499, 538; by-laws, munition 
works and, 576; construction (archi- 
tectural) 144 (development of Eng- 
lish) 289 (patent system of) 263: con- 
tract, proposed new, 143; contract, 
pre-war, 559; fireproof houses, 458; 
government restrictions on, 476 ; 
labour squads. 239; licences for con- 
trolled canteens, 519; operations (in 
United States) 596 (licenses for) 43, 65 
(stoppage of) 91, 289, 339, 479; plant, 
utilising surplus, 480; regulations in 
New York, 437; restrictions, 4.53, 
559 ; teachers, summer course for, 
265; trade employers' national 
federation, 64; trades (causes of 
slackness in) 389 (federation, Scot- 
tish) 387 (minister of munitions and 
the) 91, 289, 457: chronologic^il cata- 
logue of, 144, steel, pinned panels 
in, 494 
Bulfield, Joseph, the late, 171 
Bull, Lieut. Joseph W., the late, 386 
Bumpus, T. F., the late, 516 
Bureau, A. A. war service, 164 
Burgess, James, C.I.E., the late, 359 
Burlington house, arts and crafts at, 

Burns, John, at Liverpool autumn ex- 

liibition, 518 
Bursting of Lot-water pipes, 541 
Business premises: Dublin, 186; Eccles 

(bank) 20; Handsworth (bank) G2 ; 
Bv-Iaws, building, munition works 
and, 576 

CA' d'Oro. Venice, :m 

Cairo, cathedral for, 65 

Camberwell school of arts. 239 

Camera, accurate maps with the, 210 

Camera club: Lord Carnarvon '.s photo- 
graphs at, 4; Hugh Cecil's portraits, 
366; itaintings and sketches. 119; 
J. B. B, Wellington's photographs, 

Cameron, Duncan, the late, 473 

Can we set the world in order? 218 

Canada : and American architects, 
318; holiling up of building work 
iu, 92; zinc dciio.slt-- in, 113 

Canadian: hnilders and English ail- 
vertiscrs, 50(1 ; railways, lU'Ojiosed 
nationalisation of. 67; timber sup- 
plies, 518; V. English woodmen, 113, 

Canberra parlianu-ut bouse, 137, 211. 
241, 262. 315, 13o, 517. r.:ui 

Canteens, controlled, building licences 
for, 519 

Canterbury lodge of freema^oii^. IOh 

Cape institute of architects. 188 

('a|iital, founding a. .">;i5 

Capitol e\teii->ion, Washington, archi- 
tect of. -*(17 

rarillon for Liverpool catheilral. 556 

Carlisle liquor control boar^l and build- 
ing by-l;iws, 596 

Carnarvon: gift of 'I'wtlull to town of, 
435: I-'i'd. photttgrapliv b\, f 

Carpenter, .ship. Ins place of cini)loy- 
nient, 112 

Carpenters, women. 476 

Carr, ,7. W. Comvris. the laf-c, .575 

eristics: Arno'.,. Bristol, 498; Dnart, 
.Mull Island, 26 

Casts: at Kensington, strange story 
a> to, :ii)U; the HruccianI collection 
ol. .-.96 

Catalogue oC buildings, ehrtuiological, 

Cathedral under tlu South Downs, 2S5, 
293, .HON 

Cathedrals: Boulojne. .jubilee of. 217; 
Bristol (throne) -262: Cairo, 65; Chi- 
chester, 285, 1^9;;, :ins; Durham, :'87 : 

Liverpool (carillon for) 556; Peter- 
borough (Cavell memorial) 577 ; 
Rheims (fresh bombardment of) 453; 
St. Paul's (Alma-Tadema memorial) 
334 ; Sberbrooke, Quebec (R.C.), 337 
Causes of building trade slackness, 

Cavendish land co. and the war office, 

Cecil, Hugh, i>ortiaits by, 366 
Cedar, red, British Columbian, 476 
Cement: floor, sawdust in, 4, 9; gun 
for making concrete reservoirs, 557; 
industry in Malay States, 189; Port- 
hind (every-day uses of) 213 (indus- 
try) 496; storage of, 71; union, all- 
Germanv, 453; utilisation of dust 
from, 239 
Cemetery, South Hartley, Whitley, 22 
Chairmen of councils, titles for, 410 
Chairs, deacons', Aberdeen, 358, 385 
Changes at the war office. 339 
Channel tunnel. 43. 385, 414, 580 
Chapel, Cork (St. Finn Barr) 475 
Chapman, Lieut. C. G., the late, 21 
Charges: gas (and electricity) 113 (Gas 
Light Co.) 267 (South Metropolitan 
Co.) 117; lessor's surveyor's, 555 
Charing Cross railway bridge, 1. 167 
Charlottenburg ware, Doulton's, .361 
Chat Moss, reclamation of, 435 
Chepstow: old fort, mortar fic-ni, 
474; water supply, 537; yard for 
standardised ships, 22 
Chester, archfeological finds in Abbey 

s(prare, 361 
Chesterton, F. S., the late, 575 
Chichester cathedral: 285, 293, 308; 

indexe^l illustrations of, 285 
Children's exhibition. Victoria and 

Albert Museum, 580 
Chimnevs, tall, in landscape scenery, 

Chinese porcelain at Victoria and Al- 
bert Museum, 435 
Chromatics, true icience of. 194. 260 
Chronological catalogue of buildings. 

Church Building Societv. incorporated, 

Cliurches: All Hallows Barking. E.C., 
290; Belvedere (St. Augustine) 516; 
Beverley (Mln.ster) 164; Copenhagen 
Street, N. (Blessed Sacrament, 
R.C.) 22. 163; Doncaster (St. George) 
W^: Durham (Prim. Meth., John 
Wilson memorial) 535; Fulham 
Palace Road (Our Lady of St. Au- 
gustine) 410; Gate.shead (St. Chad- 
stained glass) 38; Hulme (Joule anil 
Anthonv memorials) 535 ; Hunilon- 
by-Clare (All SS.) 88: Kenton. 432: 
Lakenheath (Kitchener memorial) 
535; Leigh-on-Sea (fisherman's) 594: 
Liverpool (war memorials in) .596: 
Luton, Beds (All SS.) 211; Margaret 
street, W. (All Saints) 475; Xew- 
ington. Shorncliffe, 473; Port Sun- 
light (Christ) 574 (do.. Lady Lever 
memorial) 534, 543: Puddletown, 3; 
SmithHeld (St. Bartholomew, gate- 
way to) 39; Sompting, 385, 441; 
Stanley (St. Anne, -var memorial) 
594; Straide (R.C.) 239; Stratford- 
ou-Avon, 164; Trull, 40s: Vfu'ee (SS. 
G iova n n I e Paul o) 343 ; W a rgra v e 
(reb".ilding of) 69; Warrington (St. 
Benedict) 441. 495: Wood street, 
E.G. (St. Alphagc) l«s 
Citizen, art and the. .Vj:! 
Cities, garden, offer by builders of. 

City and guilds institute, 22. 113 
Civic arts a^ssociation, 44, 64 
Civilisation of Europe, new archteolo- 
gical lights on origin of, 217. 219, 
•_»43, 260 
Claims. |)roi)crtv owners', Dublin n- 

hcllKui and, :i8 
Clanipcd si>Iices, strength of. 121 
Clark, Mrs. Mary A. S., the late, 

Clay or hay, eh? 517 
Cleaning the slate, 144 
Clotli. traciii',', as bandages, 113 
Clothfair. antiquities from, 361 
Club?: Burlington tine arts, 540; 
Camera (paintings and sketches) 
119 (photoiiraphs by Earl Carnar- 
von) 4 (by J. B. B. Wellington) 242 
(portr;iits by Hugli Cecil) 366 
Coats-of-arms, taxes on, 65, 361 
tJoffee. Geo., Dublin, the late. 237 
Cohen v. INipular Restaurants. 5.39 
Colle.-(or, -IS tr,-|,;i-s liv, 113 



Sufjiilrniftit III tlif 
n.niM. Nkws, .lainiiuv 10. 1917. 


July to Dectnibur. 1916. 

Colleges: Ciimpdcn hill (Elng't, for 
woiiuu) l'."l : Itulwlili, roiiiiiiice of, 
3«1; l-xlinliiirKh (utUl) l'II; (lloaRow 
(rojiil t«liMii:il) •.■3!i; Morclcn, 
Uliicklieatli, v.i; o.xford (Hertford) 
XtX: Sutton UoiiiiiKtoiKaKrieuUiiral) 
4i)S; Lnlver.«it.v (l,oiidoii) W (do. 
school of nreliitecliire) '^HO 

Collier)- working,*, sub.sidenco due to, 

ColoninI nrtisti' rillcs, 165 

Colours: distinctive, MO; synibolism 
of. 107 

Coniines. belfry of, 430 

Commercial value of iirt in industrv, 

Coninii.^iou on war olllcc contracts. 

Common staircasos, SOO 

Commons as allotments, 677 

Companiis, Oerman power to sue, 1 

Comiicnsation for lamis requisitioned 
by Oovernment, 92, llj. 

Competitions; house ot place (Con 
stantinople) 2(13; housing (Walker, 
Newciustle) 143; library (Cleveland, 
Ohio) 137; memorial buildini: 
(Newark, N.J.) 433; menu desisn 
(Piccadilly lioU'I) 45-2: monument 
(Baltimore, F. 8. Key) 87; museum 
(Baltimore) 2S7; ^'ew Anzae-on-Sea, 
20, 576, 595; parliament house (Can- 
berra) 137, 211, 241, 262, 315. 433, 517 
536; prizes (Owen Jones), .Wi re- 
planning (Dublin) 211; State build- 
ing (San Francisco) 409; war me- 
morials (civic arts association) 44, 

Compulsory registration of firms, 339 

Concrete • floors (cracks in) 44 (repair- 
ing) 167; perils from frost. 677; 
placing by pneumatic methods. 415; 
possibilities of. as medium of asthc- 
tic expression. 193; reinforcements. 
X-ray photographs of. 413 ; reservoirs 
made by the cement gun. 6.W; 
roads, "belting." 435: ship. 2SS 

Conference, national housing, Birming- 
ham, 213 

Consent, written, to encroachment, 

Constable. J. C. Brown, the late. 603 

Construction: architectural building, 
144; building, development of Eng- 
lish, 289; licences lor, 43, 65, 164; 
mill, saving in cost of, 561 ; patent 
system of, 263; theatre floor, 384 

Constructional material, blast-furnace 
slag as, 27 

Continental Power and Rubber Co.'s 
power to sue, 1 

Continuous beams, design of, 341 

Contracts, building, new Torm of, M3 

Contractors: and haulier, 38; and 
water r)oard. 112. 191, 211 622; low 
tendering, 132; sub-contractors and 
client, 38, 43; v. ferro-concrete 
patentees, tlO, 335, 360, 336, 434 

Contracts: army, and bribery, 360, 
434; hut, Jackson's, judicial inquiry 
as to. 389, 479; pre-war building, 
559; war office, commission on, 453 

Controlled canteens, building licences 
for, 519 

Converting a municipal liability into 
an asset, 343 

C^onveyartcing, innportaut decision as 
to, 559 

Copyright, Clovcniinent, in reports 
389 ' 

Corbett, Capt. .\. E., the late, 63 

Corfe Castle village, 643 

Cornish v. Norwegian granite, 265, 

Cost of mill construction, saving in, 

Costs, ta.xed, 441. 495 

Cottages: Braiflhills. N.B. (green- 
keepers') 574: Edgtield. 516; jerrv- 
built Irish labourers', 315; Roberts- 
bridge, 495 

Couison, Thos., Tyneiiiouth, the late, 

Council chamber. Bristol, paiiitiii"s 
for, 596 

Council schools: Biirmiugbam, 22- 
He.\ham, 211; Liverpool. 211: Lon- 
don, d_eioratiuu of, 470; Portsmouth 
14,, 308 

Councils, eliairnien of, titles for, 410 

County: buildings, Dumfries. ISO- 
court house. Albany. 47.'i 

•Covenants in leases, r,:vj 

Crace, J. D., illness of, 8,s 

Cracks: in concrete floors, 44: in the 
Tower of London, 43 

Craftsmen's society, (ihisgow architec- 
tural, 21 

Cranes and the ministry of munitions. 

Cross, village. ))alderli\, .'J4:> 
Crosses for Dorset villages. 16.'. 
Crown Prince's Enghsh house at PoU- 

dam, 191 
Cr.Vital Palace school ot engineering, 

Cyanide gas as a disiiiiectant, 557 

DAiyiAGE fiiiMi sub.-ideiRc by colliery 

workings, 20 
Dangers of darkened streets, 537 
Dapino v. Willctt and Sharp, 432 
I)ark, reconnaissances in the, 340 

Hnrkened streets, dangers of, .W 
Uavklson, John Morrison, the lute, 

Decimal : association's report, 287 ; 

system, Uriti-.h, 212 
Decoration: eeelesiastieal mural, 437; 

of l.oiidi)n Coum-il scIkkiIs. 470 
Decorations, Norwich Ciiiim olllces. 

Fleet stre-t, JOS 
Decorative foibles and fan faiitasmas, 

Decorators, masti-r, a.-sociations: 

Lewishani, 8H ; l^ndoli, 101 
Defence of Realm Act : contractors' 

position under, 112, 101, 211; land 

and, 480 
Delhi, the new. 452 
Denmark, scarcity of houses in, 453 
Dep;irtment. labour, a \iseless, 458 
Design, of continuous beams, .'141 
Designs: war memorials (civic arts 

association) 44, 04 
Destroyed war are:is, reconstruction 

of, 2:i8. 309 
Development of English building con- 
struction, 289 
Devereux, Ernest, in re, 474 
Diary, architects' and surveyors', 677 
Dickins, Capt. Guy, the late, 87 
Dilapidations, ecclesiastical, 239 
D.uner to Sir Rowand Anderson, 5 
Directorship, national gallery. 05 
Dirt in London air, 144 
Disinfection by cyanide ga^, 557 
Distinctive colours, 540 
District surveyor's assistant exempted, 

Dolmen, origin of the, 214 
Domestic Gothic architecture, English, 

Douglas, David, Arbroath, the late, 

103; fir, 476 
Doulton's Charlottenburg ware, 361 
Dovcdale, tree-felling in, 113 
Draining a trench, 517 
Drawing: model, with architectural 

examples, 341 
Drawings: line, wanted. 495; of muni- 
tion works, Joseph Pennell's. 520; 

of war areas, Muirhead Bond's, 189, 

Duart castle, N.B., 26 
Dublin : rebellion : and property 

owners' claims, 38 ; rebuilding after, 

SS, 138, 410; replanning competition, 

Ducal palace, Venice, protection of, 

Dulwich college, romance of, 361 
Dunfermline abbey, excavations at, 

Durham : cathedral, 3S7 ; C.C. v. South 

Mcdonsley Colliery Co., 20 
Dust from cement, utilisation of. 239 
Duty: increment value, 112; unde- 
veloped land, 519 
Dyson, J. W., Newcastle, the late, 


EARTH pressures, experiments on, 
535 : measuring, 518 

Eastbury Hall. Barking, preserving, 

Ecclesiastical: dilapidations, 239; 
mural decoration, English, 437 

Eclipse or empire, 360 

Economy, fuel, 242; in factories, 458 

.Edinburgh ; tarchitectural association, 
21 (historical record of) 518; college 
of arts, 211; housing problem in, 498, 

Education: art, in England. 340: 
Board of. examiners' report. 30ii 

Edwards, G. Spencer, the late. 137 

Egyptian: ruins, recent research 
among. 496; stone workers, old, 502 

Eighteenth century village ot Milton 
Abbas, 563 

Electric: lamp v. ga* arc, 517; weld- 
ing of structural steel, 521 

Electricity: laiid gas (charges) 113 
(supplies under one control) 289 ; 
industrial lighting' by, 391 

Embankment: extension. Pimlico, 410; 
properties exempt from rates. 112 

Emergency Poweis Act, builders and, 
117, 136 

Empire battalion cuntractor's bank- 
ruptcy, 474 

Employmeut, place ot, ship carpen- 
ter's, 112 

Encroachment, written consent to, 

Engineering standards c:ommittec. 1;)6 

Engineers: civil, institution of. for 
India, 500; niunici|>:il and county, 

England, art education in. :j40 

English: architecturi. 341: build- 
ing construction development of, 
S89; v. Canadian woodmen. 113, 557; 
domestic Gothic ;ircliitecture, 
542 ; ecclesiastical mural decoration, 
437; glass trade, 537 

Enlayde v. Roberts, 457, 474 

Enterprise, private, and the housing 
question, 91. Ill, 315, 366 

European civilis:ition. new archieo- 
logical lights on origin of, 217, 219, 
243, 260 

Everyday 'uses of Portland cement, 

Examinations, R.I.U.A., 110 

Exchanges, labour, architects and, 

Exemption for district surveyor's 
assistant. 113 

Exhibitions: arts and crafts (llurling- 
ton house) 241. 453; JIurtiiigtoii tine 
arts club, 540; caniera club (Earl 
Carnarvon's photograijlLs) 4 (Hugh 
Cecil's portraits) 306 (paintings and 
sketches) 119 (J. B. n, Wellington's 
Iihotogriidis) 242; children's, Vic- 
toria and .\lbert museum ; decorative 
foibles and fan phantasmas, 481 ; 
Glasgow :oyai flne arts institute, 
311; international society ot sculp- 
tors and painters, ;i(i6 ; London 
salon of photography, 20S; Manches- 
ter sketch club, 414; old Sunder- 
land, 05 ; Pennell's drawings of 
munition wf)rks. 520 ; royal aca<lemy, 
07. 143 (winter) 537; royal society 
(British arti.-ts) 390 (painters in 
water colour?) 414: Slnckleion's 
(W.) paintings, 4,'.3; Walker art gal- 
lery, Liverpool, 290 (John Burns at) 
518 ; war memorials (civic arts asso- 
ciation) 44 

Exmouth marine drive, 64 

Expansive force of quicklime, 577 

Experiments on e;irth pressures, 535 

Ex-soldiers, laud for, 617 

FABRIC, B.R.C., 2. 44 

Fat-tnry ; a munition, 202 : fuel 
ectniomy in the, 458 

Failures, structural, due to poor 
sand, 622 

Fallacies, metric system, 91 

Famine, house : and Finance .\ct of 
1010, 342, 305; private builders 
and, 594: the growing, 503 

Fan phantasmas, 481 

Fara<iay v, Tamworth guardiiins, 434, 

Farm buildings in South Africa, 121 

Farrow's bank. 141 

Fatigue, industrial aspects of. 452 

Federations : British industries. 6(i0 : 
national building trade employers', 
64; Scottish building trades. 387 

Fees, surveyors' : air raids and, 336 : 
for valuation between unions, 434 ; 

Ferguson v. inland rcveiuui coni- 
niissioners, 619 

Ferro-concrete patentet-s v. contrac- 
tors, 310, 335, 360, 380, 434 

Fever hospitals : Bexhill, 63 ; South 
Shields. 23 

Finance Act of 1910, house famine 
and. 342. 303 

Fine art, architecture as a, 266, '269 

Fir, Douglas, 476 

Fire : conditions reproduced in the 
laboratory, 483; great, of London. 
523; insurance, Zeppelin raids and, 
457, 474; resisting covering, skim 
milk as, 537 : station, Glasgow, 433 

Fireclay and silica materials, 40 

Fireproof houses, building of, 459 

Fireproofing liquid, new, 217 

Firms, compulsory registration' of, 

Flats. Hampstead garden suburb. 186 

Fletcher, Maior H'. Phillips, D.S.O., 
the late, 137 

Flies and blue glass, 310 

Floor: cement, sawdust in, 479; 
theatre, construotion of, 384 

Floors, concrete : cracks in, 44 ; 
repairing, 107 

Floury wood, 218 

Foibles, decorative, 481 

Folkestone, medieeval house at, -71 

Fooil, home production of, 539 

Footprints, Hiirtdaud stone, 165 

Foreman, builder's, 384 

Forestry : and the woJ, 537 ; in Scot- 
land, 39 

Forests of Nova Scotia. 310 

Forty years at the Bar. '242 

Founding a capital, 535 

Fountain pens. India ink in. 191 

France : British-made roads ill. 498 ; 
Lieut. A. X., the late. 440; recoil 
struction jn, 238. .*i09 

Francis. Lieut. D. C, the late. 534 

Free library. Port Sunlight, 574 

Freemasons. Canterbury Lodge. 49s 

Frequent bursting ot domestic hot 
yvater pipes, 541 

Front, the : sanitation at, 550 : «an- 
ted at. 634 

Frost and concrete. 677 

Fuel economy : "242 : m factories, 45P 

Furniture ; at Burhngtou club. 641 ; 
from Treasurer's house. York, at 
Kensington. 113: painted. .596: Salo- 
mon's collection. "230: some obi. 

Future : of Empire's timber supjily. 
334 : of Loudon. 365 

GABBETT, Edward, retirement of, 

(.'.illcrirs : art, income-tax on, 118; 
Dublin (modern art, and Sir Hugh 
Lane's .pictures) 470: national 
(Acts Amendment Bill) 408, 501, 617, 
510. 5:!6. 559, 596 (a real, not cos- 
mopolitan) lis (directorship) 05 (of 
Scotland) 105 (portrait, Edinburgh) 
594 : Port Sunlight (art) 674 

Gambling, Government connivance 

at, 339 

Ganlell : cities' association, 387! city 
(birilders' olfcr) 537 (Longniddry) i;)i; 

Garriek's btni, 4.'i5 

Gas: and electricity (cliarges) 113 
(supplies under ono i-ontrol) '289; 
arc V. electric lamp. 517; bills, sum- 
mer timu and, 213; charges (v. 
electricity) 113 ((ias Light Co.) '207 
(South .Metrojiolitan Co.) 117; col- 
lector, trespass by, 113; price ot, 
31 (in Bristol) 105 

(iatehoiise. Smitlllleld, 130 

Gates, lllinsden churchyard, 335 

(ieorge, Lloyd, and tho land, .'iOO 

Gi-riiKin : all, cement union. 453: 
contractors, Bristol corporation ami 
their. ,'i(;(l; i)risoners as hewers or 
wtKHl, 5:^7 

German comimnies : 117; as Ijoiler 
tube makers, 1.'I8; power to sue, 1. 

Germans, leases binding on, 143 

Glasgow : architectural craftsmen's 
society, 21; art union, 677; hou.«e- 
owners' association. 476 ; housing. 
311. 59(1 (association) 3:)7 ; royal line 
arts institute, 311; royal technical 
<:ollege, 239; school of art. 188 

Glass: Belgian, 188; blue, flics and, 
310; .stippolyte, 195; trade, Engli-sh, 

Gdire. Edward, the late. 359 

Goldsmith, Captain Lewis W., tho 
late, 473 

Corilon. Lieut. Donald J., the late. 

Gothic architecture. English domestic, 

Government : connivance at gam- 
bling, ,'i39: copyright in reiiorts, 
389; re(|uisition (of lands, compen- 
satioii for) 92, 112 (of unoccupied 
laud) 537; structures and Building 
Acts, 409, .538 

Granite, Cornish v. Norwegian, 205, 

Great: Are of London. .323; Northern 
Railway Co. v. Arnold, 550 

Greek house, tho 118 

Grievances, sub-<-ontractors'. 38, 43 

GriHIn, Lieut. Douglas M., the late. 

(Jriiids. grits and. 192 

Grisscll. Lieut. Francis, the late. 335 

Grits and grinds. 192 

Ground, Lieut. J. Kingston, the late, 

Groves v. Western Mansions. 500 

Growing house-famine. 563 

Guild, peasant arts, 517 

Guilford, Lord, v. St. George's goll 
club, 25 

HADWEN, Cajit. Noel W.. tlie bite 

Hagiology, the star in, 498 
Halls: Athelhampton, 3. (12, 88; 

Eastbury. Barking. 659; London 

county council (war memorial) 102 ; 

Longstoue. 121, 240; Port Sunlight 

(co-partners' cluib) 674; W^oollcy, 

Maidenhead, 16'2 
Halsey v. Lowenfeld. 143 
Hami)t<3ii V. Glamorgan county 

council, 500 
Harbours: Kertch, 410; Stonehaven, 

Hardic, C. Martin, the late, 263 
Harpiguies, Henri, the late, 237 
Hay or cUy. eh'; 517 
Headquartei-s, Eastern Command. 

Pall Mall, 87 
Health and welfare, architecture in 

relation to. 523. 642. 602 
Unit traJlsmissioli through roolilig 

materials, 80 
Hcllyer, S. Stevens, the late, 593 
Uenilock, British Columbian, 435 
Heriofs trust and their coat-of- 

arms, 65. 301 
Heritage of art. preserving the 

world's, 498 
Herkomcr ami the Kaiser, 144 
Hewitt, Geo. %V.. Philadelphia, the 

late. 21 
High lead mode of logging. 340 
Highw:iy : construction in New York 

St:ite. 436 : proposed Peace. 22 
Hillingdon estate, war ofliee aild a, 

Hiiipodroine, Brighton. 4:18 
Historic a.rchitecttirc — (Jotliic. Uciuiis- 

s;inc(^ ami Modem, 108, 180 
Holmes, Basil Scott, tile late. 433 
Homo production of food. 539 
Homes: Burhill (Whiteley) 80. 510. 

534; Rattrav (Buchanan) 38 
Honour. A. A. roll of. 288, 498 
Hood, Lieut. Thos. tho late, 4(10 
Home, Robert, drawings by. .54(1 
Horsnell, Lieut. Alick, the late. 103 
Hospitals: Bexhill (.infectious) 03; 

Chelsea (women's) 38; Clapliam 

Common (women's) 2; Ch-iidoii. 

South Shields (infectious) 22: linhliii 

(children'.s) 510; Denmark Hill 

(fourth Loiidou— King's CiUi-ge) 

121; Karachi (war) 574; Lea.sowe, 

Liverpool (crippled children) 285 
Hot-water pipes, bursting of, 541 
Hotel, Glasgow (Central Station) ISO 

Jlll.v 111 December, 1916. 


.Sni>i)lemt'nt io the 
Bt:iLniN<t News, January 10, 1917. 


House : built in steps, 5S2 ; famine 
(and Finance Act of 1910) 342, 365 
growinir) 503 (private builders and) 
594; Orcein .the, US; ineerscliauni. 
4,'j3 ; of peace, Constantino])ie, "203 : 
owner v. builder, 147 ; painters" 
association, 301 ; i)arlianient. Can- 
berra. 137, 211, 241, 2C2, 315, 433; 
patented plan for, 437 ; record of 
a niediieval, at Folkestone, 71 

Houses: Athelhampton (hall) 362, 88; 
Boston, Mass.. 35S: British Lega- 
tion (Cettinje) 308 (Stockholm) 
334; Jturhill (Whitelev homes) 72, 
516, 534; Cambridse (master's) 110; 
Coneyhury. Walton Heath, 20; 
Enlield. 308; fireproof, building of, 
459; Oreywalls, Weybridge, 86; 
Hampstead garden suburb (flats) 
ISO (homstead) 543 ; Kenwood, 
Uampstcad, 480; Leighton, Ken- 
sington, 57S; Longstow (hall) 121, 
240: old, remodelling. 189; Plaistow 
(Port Authority's) 473. 495, 543; 
Pollok, Pollokshnwi, 110; Pyrford, 
441 ; Ravelston, Edinburgh, 21 ; 
Kobertsbridge. 495; Sharnbrook, 
441; SulLTavc (manor) 111: Titlark's 
hill. .suniiiiii:dale. 162; Walhampton. 
230: Wc^t Sinitlilield (St. Bartholo- 
mew's Gate) 136 ; Weston Acres, 
Woodmausterne, 432; Woolley (hall) 
102 ; Woolwich, War Office methods 
at, 499 

Housing: after the war, 289; asso- 
ciation (Glasgow) 337; Birke'nhead, 
214, 539; competition (Walker, 
Newcastle) 143 ; conditions in 
Southport. 453 : conference, 

national (Birmingham) 213; in Glas- 
gow, 311. 596; in Manchester, 91. 
Ill; L.G.B. Teport on. 165; Loug- 
niddry, 136; problem (in Denmark) 
433 (in Edinburgh) 498, 539; ques- 
tion, .private enterprise and. 91. 
Ill, 315, 306, 410; Rosyth, 136. 596: 
survey of Rochdale, 453; Warring- 
ton, 138 

How: Are conditions are reproduced 
in the laboratory, 483: not to do it, 
.)SI : to buy :i lawsuit, 499. 53S 

r-jivc, Lieut. V. Kingsley, the late, 

Hudson V. Bray. .560 

Hut contracts, judicial in(niiry as to, 
389, 479 

Huts, rating of ■\'.M.C.A.. 365 

Hyurateil lime, tests of, 210 

ILLUSTRATIONS, indcxtil ; Chiches- 
ter cathedral, 2s5 

Illustrations, our, 438 

Imports of paper materials, 637 

Improvements that pay, 91 

Income tax on art galleries, 118 

Increase of Rent Act action, 479, 497 

Increment value duty, 112 

Indexed illustrations : Chichester 
cathedral, 285 

India : ancient town planning in, 
67; ink in fountain pens, 191; in- 
stitution of civil engineers for, 500; 
public works department of, 
modernising, 577 

Industrial: aspects of f.itigue, 452; 
lighting by electricity, 391; war, 
threatened, 241 

Industries, British federation of, 560 

Industry: commercial- value of art 
in. 138; Portland cement, 496 

Intirmarv (workhouse, Southmead) 
Bristol, 334 

Ink, india. in fountain ]]ens, 191 

Inkpen, Lieut. K. C. Vernon, the late, 

Inquiry, judicial, as to hut cruitracts, 

Iii'^titutes : anIiMological (ruval)3S; 
architects (British, roval) 433, 4:i» 
lexaniinatiuns) 110 (Cape) 188; 
auctioneers, 556; Calcutta (Univer- 
sity) -287; City and Guilds of Jxiii- 
doii, 22, 113; New York (beaux arts) 
365; Oakdale (workmen's) 285; 
plumbers, 497 

Institutions : builders' benevolent, KS ; 
Indian civil engineers, 500; p<K>r- 
law, 411; surve.vors', 4U9, 457, 461, 
472. 4ii4, 502 (and military service) 

Insurance, hic, and Z.pijclin raids, 

457, 474 
International : society of sculptors and 

IM inters, 300; system of weights 

ami measures, 238 
Ii.Ma. the story of, 5:)B 
Iriland. architectural association of, 

I.'rJ. 472, 577 
)ri>h labourers' cottages, jerrj-huilt, 

Irvine, new waterworks, 287 
Italian architects, training of, 1 

JACKSON'S hut contracts, judicial 

inquiry as to, 389, 479 
.lapan, ancient sculpture of, 503 
Japanese bricks, 162 
J rry-built Irish labourers' cottages. 

Job, Capt. E. D., the late, 103 
Joiner's risk not incidental to e)ii|il<.v- 

uicut, 8" 

Jones: E. J., Kensington, in re, 38; 
Herbert, the late, 359; Owen, prizes, 
555; Thos. Hampson. the late, 634 

Judicial inquiry as to hut contracts, 

KAISER: .ind Saladin's tomb, 311; 

Herkomer and the, 144 
Keadby bridge, 515 
Kennington, T. B., tho late, 575 
Kenton church, woodwork in, 432 
Kenwood house, H;lnlp^tl■;td. 480 
Kimber. James, tho late, 554 
King, C. R. Baker, the late, 554 
Kinncar and Moodie v. Stonehaven 

harbour trustees, 434 
Kleine tire-resisting syndicate v 

Killby and Gayford, 654 

LABORATORIES: lire conditions re- 
produced in, 483; London school of 
medicine for women, 432, 441: 
national physical. Teddington, 80 
Labour: department, the new, 458; 
exchanges, architects and, 413; 
squads, building, 239 
Labourers' cottages, jerry-built Irish, 

Land : acquisition of. Act, 25. 413, 
434, 452, 475, 499. 517, 556; and the 
defence of the realm, 480; duty, 
undeveloped, 519, 830; for ex- 
soldiers, 617 ; Lloyd George and the, 
560; plots at Anzac-on-Sea, 20, 670, 
595; restrictions on use of, 25; 
settleiuent colony, Patrington, 411 ; 
valuation, 113 (office, cost of) 408 
Lauds requisitioned by the Govern- 
ment, compensation for, 92, 112 
Landscape scenery, tall clnmneys in, 

Lane, the late Sir Hugh, and his 

pictures, 570 
Lawsuit, how to buy a, 499, 538 
Leader, Capt. B. E.. the late. 473 
League of neutral nations, 118 
Lease binding on a German, 143 
Leases, covenants in, 539 
Lee, T. Stirling, the late, 21 
Leeds : architectural society, :ill ; 
housing conference, 563; municipal 
work in, 578 
Legation houses, British : Cettinje, 

308; Stockholm, 334 
Leighton house society, 678 
Lessor's surveyor's charges, 555 
Lewisham association of master deco- 
rators, 88 
Liability converted into an asset, 343 
Libraries: Cleveland, Ohio, 137; Port 

Sunlight (free) 574 
Licences to build, 43, 65, 104 
Lighting, industrial, by electricity, 391 
Lime, hydrated, tests of, 210 
Limmer Asphalte Co., 39 
Lincolnshire auctioneers' association, 

Line drawings wanted, 495 
Linton, Sir James D., the late, 359 
Lion roofing, 438 
Liquid, new fire-proofing, 217 
Littleton reservoirs, stopped contract, 

112, 191, 211, 409, 413 
Liverpool : cathedral. . suggested 
carillon, 556 ; corporation and alien 
contractors, 556 ; master builders' 
association, 360; sch<X)l of architec- 
ture, 361: Walker art gallery ex- 
hibition, 290 (John Burns at) 618 
Local Government Board : inspector 
wanted, 657; offices (building 
action) 20, 03 
Lock-plute, Portuguese, liO 
■ Logging, high lead mode of. 340 
London : air dirt in, 144 ; ;in(I 
Middlesex archieological society, 
337; association of master decora 
tors, 164; council schools, decora- 
tion of, 470; county council, 5, 46, 
95, 386, 4:J2, 473, 643, 675 (hall, war 
memorial) 162; great fire of, 623; 
salon ot photography, 268: society 
(and the future metropolis) 306 
I«iighur.-,t V. Stewart. 112 
liOngmddry garden city, L30 
Lovelock, Sergeant H. W., the laic, 

I/jw-tendering contractors, 192 
Lunatic asyliiin, 'riiornUill, Baml'ord, 

186, 211, 237, 262, 285, 335 
Lyall and Sons v. CanjHliati Spool 
Cotton Co., 600 

r/IACHlNE lor toting iiialcrials. 

.Machinery: safeguarding, 191; wood- 
working, .speed of, -so 

Macnab, A. .M.. the late, 21 

Magistrate and military, 497 

i\Ialaspilia marble, 387 

Malay Stati;s cement industry, 180 

.Mall apiiroach, encroachment on. 113 

Manchestci^: CarrSngtion and Chat estates. 435 ; old infirmary site, 
utilisation of, 239 ; school of techno- 
loi;y, 138; shortage of houses in. 91. 
Ill; sketch club, 414; society of 
architects, 40O 

Manx antiquities, 212 

Map, model, of Bristol, 369 

Maps, accurate, with the camera. 210 

Marble. Malaspina, British Columbian, 

Marbles. 310 

Marine drive, Exmouth, 04 

Marshland estate, Goole, co-operators 
and, 104 

.Maspero, Sir Gaston, the late, 21 

Jl aster: builders' association (Liver- 
Ijool) 300 ; decorators, associations 
(Lewisham) 88 (London) 104; slaters. 
Scottish, 110 

Matone decorations, 121 

Measures and weights iitternatioual 
system of, 238 

Measuring earth pres-sures, 518 

MediiEval house at Folkestone, 71 

Meerschaum house, a. 453 

Memorials; Baltimore (F. S. Key) 87. 
475 ; Durham (John Wilson) 535 ; 
Edinburgh (Gladstone) 503; HUling- 
don (Mills) 87 ; Hulme church (Joule 
and Anthony) 535 ; Lakeiiheath 
church (Earl Kitchener) 5:!5 ; Lincoln, 
Abraham, 438 ; Liverpool (engine- 
room heroes) 02; Newark, N.J., 433; 
Pcterborousli cathedral (Nurse 
Cavell) 577"; Port Sunlight (Lady 
Lever) 534, 543; St. Paul's (Alma- 
Tadema) 3:34; Shoreditch (Edith 
Cavell) 385; Stanley (St. Anne's, 
war) 594; Wallasey (fallen heroes^ 
536 ; war, 23 (Benson, Dr., on) 46 
(design.s) 44, 04, 162 (Liverpool 
churches) 596 (London County 
Council hall) 102 

Meru, design, Piccadilly hotel, 452 

.Mercie, Antonin, the late, 570 

Uetrie system: 111, 103, 187: Herbert 
Spencer and, 206 ; practical inconve- 
niences of, 91; why America rejects, 

Metroitolitan asylums board, 410; 
water board, 337 (and its contrac- 
tors) 522 (estimates) 88 (offices) 39 
(v. Dick, Kerr and Co.) 112, 191, 211, 
4U9, 413 

Migration of population after the war, 

Military, the, and the magistrate, 497 

Milk, skim, as fire-resistant covering, 

Mill construction, shown, saving in 
cost, 501 

stiller and Gibb v. Smith and Tyrer, 

Milton Abbas, an 18th century village, 

Miniature, the Buccleugh, 189 

Minster, Beverley, thefts ot carviugs 
from, 164 

Ministry of munitions; and cranes, 
337; and the building trades, 91, 289, 
339, 457; land held by, 476 
i\Jistakes in tenders, 214 
Jlodel : drawing with architectural 

examples, 341 ; map of Bristol, 309 
Models, architectural, at Sidbury, 


.Modern traffic, roads for, 291 

Modernising the Indian public works 
department, 577 

Monastery, .\nnaghdowli, 410 

Money, tinic and, 93 

Monuments, Baltimore (F. Scott Key) 
87, 175 

Mcrd-en college, Blackheath, 93 

Mortar from Chepstow old fort, 474 

Mouchel V. Perry and Co., 310, 335, 
360, 386, 4.34 

Muuicii>al: and county engineers, 433; 
liability converted into asset, 343 

•Munition works: and building by-laws, 
576; Joseph PenneH's drawings of, 

iMiinitions : deinirtment, materials not 
classed as 213: ministry of (and 
eraiie-N) ;i37 (and tho building trades) 
ill. 289, ;«9, l.W (land held by) 476; 
work contract, Swansea, 409 

Museums: Baltimore art, 287: closed, 
savings on, 385; Rodin, Paris, 284; 
\'irtciri-.i and .Vlbert (children's ex- 
liiliitiim) 580 (Chinese iiorcclain at) 
136 (donatioiLs to) 288 (furniture 
from treasurer's house, York) 113 

NAPLES, building materials of, ,89 
.National: feder;'.ti<ui, building trade 
employees, 64 ; Gallery (Aets.\mend- 
ment Bill) 498, 501, 517, 619, 530, 559, 
::96 (directorship) 65 (of Scotland) 
106 (our cosmopolitan) 118 (iiortrait, 
Edinburgh) 594 : liousing conference, 
Birmingham, 213 
Nationalisation ot Canadian railways, 

Natioiis. league of neutral, 118 
Nelson, Rhymncy Valley, sewering of, 

Neutral nations, league of, IIS 
New : Anzuc-on-Sea, 20 (libel acti6n) 
570, 696 : archaiologieal (lights on 
origin of European civilisation) 217, 
219, 243, 260; arterial road schemes. 
440, .502; Delhi, the, 452; form of 
building contract, 143; omnibus 
routes, 113; York (Beaux arts insti- 
tute) 306 (building regulations) 441 
(constructing a subway in) 242 
(State, h g'i\\';iy construction in) 

Newcastle-on-Tyne, housing and town 

planning in, 88, 143 
Niobide statue presented to Rome, 165 
Nitrogen from sewage sludge, 514 
Non-ferrous metal trades after the 

war, 411 
Northeote v. Minister, 452 
Nortliern architectural association, 497 
Norwegian v. Cornish granite, 265, 

Not to do it, how, 581 
Notes, parliamentary, '23, 113, 164, 211, 

385, 4118, 452, 475, 498, 517, 530, 55G 
Nottingham water supply, 64 
Xnttinghamshire, road maintenance 

in, 453 
Nova Scotia, woods and forests of, 


OBITUARY ; -i^bercrombie, Balfour, 
335: Anderson, Dr. Jos&ph, 335; 
An"us, Lieut. Stewart, 409; Apple- 
ton, Col. E., 21 ; Aytoun. Major F. 
E., 440 ; Barlow, Miss Hannah, 616 ; 
Bell, Capt. R. Frankland, 3:!5; Ben- 
ton, Lieut. J. W., :385; Bird, Lieut. 
R W , 285; Blair, W. W.. '237, 575; 
Boote, Lieut. -Col. C. E., 163; Bour- 
don, Prof. Eugene, 63; Bowles, 
Lieut. B. G., '285; Braekett, W., 
Tunbridge Wells, 21 ; Braithwa.ite. 
J Ellis, 495; BulLfleld, Joseph, 171; 
Bull, Lieut. J. W., 386; Bumpus, 
T. F., 516: Burgess, J., C.I._E., 369; 
Cameron, Duncan, 473; Carr, J. 'W. 
Comyns, 675 ; Chapman, Lieut. C. 
G.. 21: Chestei-ton, F. S., 575; 
Clark, Mis. M. A., 576; Coflcy. G., 
Dublin, 237; Constable, J. C. 
Brown, 695; Corbett. Capt. A. fc., 
63; Coulson, Thos., Tynemouth. 21; 
Davidson, J- Morrison, 695; 
Diekins. Capt. G., 87; Douglas, 
David, Arbroath, 103; Dyson, J. 
W, Newcastle, 495; Edwards, (.. 
Spencer, 137; Fletcher, Major H. 
Phillips, 137; France, Lieut. A. A., 
440; Frauds, Lieut. D. C, jJ4; 
(iolte, E., 359: Goldsmith, taiit. L. 
W 473: Gordon, Lieut. D. J-, 63; 
Griffin, Lieut. D. M., Ill; Grissell, 
Lieut F., 335; Ground, Lieut. J. 
K., lU; Hadwen, Capt. N. 'W., 63; 
Hardic, C. Martin, 263; Harpignies, 
Henri, 237; Hasted, Col. J. Ord, 
311; Hellyer, S. Stevens, 695; 
Hewitt, G. W., Philadelphia 21; 
Holmes, Basil Scott, 433; Hood, 
Lieut. T., 409: Horsnell, Lieut. 
Alick G., 103; Howe, Lieut. C. K., 
63; Inkpen, Lieut. R. C. Vernon, 
409; Job, Capt. B. D., 163; Jones, 
Herbert, 359; Jones, T. Hampson, 
534; Kennington, T. B., 575; Kim- 
hcr, J., 654; King. C. R. Baker, 
.554; Leader, Capt. B. E.. 473: Lee, 
T. Stirling, '21; Linton, Sir J. D., 
359; Lovelock. H. W., 634; Macnab, 
\. M., 21; iVIaspero, Sir Gaston, 21; 
Mereie, Antonin, 575; Otter, M., 
Lincoln, 285; Paterson, Lieut. 1. 
S 495; Perrins, B., Redditch, 495; 
Power, Sir W. H., Ill; Preehner, 
S. J., 112; Pritchard, Lieut.-Col. O. 
B., 634; Prynne, Capt. E. G. Fel- 
lowes, 386; Redesdale, Lord, 171; 
Riches, G., 496; Rot«rts, Capt. Reu- 
ben, 63: Rushworth, Capt. T. b., 
409; Sant, J., R.A., 63; Simpson, 
Lieut. J. Woodhouse, 163; Smith, 
J., Belfast, 359; Sparrow. Lieut. F. 
E.. 2:57; Spiers, Richard PheniS, 358, 
518; 'Tanner, Lieut. E. J. S., 63; 
Tanner, Wm., Newport, Mon.. 554; 
Teed Lieut. S. H., 1'37; Tomlinson, 
W. 'W.. .534; Tonge. J., Rochdale. 
Ill; Vaughan, Lieut. K. D. 
Gwynne, 335; Vigers, Lieut. I^- V' 
63; Vogue, Marquis de, 473; Wallis, 
H., 595; Watson. A. Duncan, 
4119: W:itson, Lieut. F. <i. 
'Stuart. 440: Webb, Capt. Musgravc 
M.. :«9; Webb. Lieut. Philip E., 
;i.59; We.stwoo<l, J,ieut. W. R.. 473: 
Winch. Arthur, -'i.59; Varborough, 
W. H. Cooke, .5:44 

OHices: Board of Trade, urgently 
needed bv, '205; Fleet .street (Nor- 
wich Union, decorations) 408; Kara- 
chi. 574: land valuation, cost of. 408; 
Local Government Board (building 
action) 20. 63; metropolitan water 
board. 39 

Old: Egyptian stone workers, .502; 
Sunderland exhibition. 65; wall- 
pal)cr. stcaliiillg-otV, :(40 

Oliver v. KoliMJii— house owner v. 
builder. 147 

Omnibus routes, new. 113 

One control for gas and electricity 
supplies. 289 

Origin: of European civilisation, new 
archH;ological lights on, 217, 219, 
243, 260; of the dolmen, 214 

Ornamental timbers, Australian, 170 

Ornaments, Anglo-Saxon, 474 

Otter, Matthew, Lincoln, tho late, 

Output and wages. Sir 0. H. Chubb 
oil. 289 

Overloaded warehouse. KiO 

Owiicr.s, jiroiierty defend tlieni^elvcJi 
315, 366, 410 


Suitplemfnt to the 
BfJLDixu Nii»s, jKiiiitry 10, 1917. 


July to December, 1916. 

PAINTED fiirnitiirt'. SOT. 
riUiitt-rs : lioi]M< iiia.-it«T»' :)s>ocia- 
lion, 'WI ; iu wat*T f»ln«r>, royal 
•4tcjt-t>'. iH; \\itui->, I.4>ii(l4)ii, ir>4 
raintini!'^ iiml skititK* at taiiurn 

I'liit). nil 
Pumts, shttrtaKc <>I iiiatorials for. 411 
ralazti'. Vinlw : C'a" il'Oro. Sd" ; 

Ihicalo. protection of. 4X5 
Tanrls, |>iniu'il. in stitl ImililinRii, 494 
Paper inattTialH, iniintrts of, .la7 
PaiH-rniakt'rN* ]in>Hts, Ihs 
Parliament Iuium'. Otnlierra, 137, 211, 

•J41. LtVi, sir.. 4.S.1, r.i7 
Parliamentary: notes. 23. 113. 1C4. 211. 
i".'!. 4US. 4J2, 47:.. 4!t8, 317, Cm. 550; 
{^ehenies for next session. 519 
I'jitt'nt: plan lor a house, 437: system 

of buiilinu ^.-onstruetion. '2(13 
Paterson. Lieut. T. .s.. tin- late 495 
Patrin^ton lanil settlennnt colony, 

Puyint; improvements, 91 
Peace higlnvay, proiKised. *; 
Peasant arts kuiM. 517 
Peebles. A. M.. and Stin. l>s 
Pennell's drawings of munition works, 

Perrins. Uernard, Rcdditeli, the late. 

Perry ami Co. v. Moueliel. 310, 335, 

SM), 3»C.. 434 
Phantasmas, (an, 4M 
Photogrnpliing concrete reinforce- 
ments. X-ray. 413 
Photographs: Camera eluli (Karl Car- 
narvon's) 4 (J. H. B. WellinKton's) 
'242: in town planning, 577; of good 
roads. '23 
Photography. London salon of, 2(W 
Picture theatre. Uelfast, KH 
Pictured slab of Herea s;ii»lstone, 361 
Pile protector, 1>9 
Pimlico emhankineiit extension. 410 
Pinned panels in .steel buildings. 494 
Pipes, hot-water, bursting of, Ml 
Place of employment, ship carpenter's. 

Placing concrete by pneuuMtie 

methods. 415 
Plan for house, pateiiteil. 437 
Planning, town : Act. injurious effect 
of. 25: Bath. 577: Birnunghain. 
411: In ancient India, (w: Iroquois 
Falls, Out., (K: South Shields, 65<> 
Plant, surplus building, utilising. 4S0 
Planting, tree, on Vyrnwy v»atershed. 

Plumbers': institute, 497; rc-.-istrution. 

Pneumatic methods of placing con- 
crete. 415 
Policeman and the .\blK'y. ;!U0 
Poor-law institutions. 411: sand, struc- 
tural failures due to. .'.'22 
Poiiujation. migration of. after the 

war. 1111 
Porcelain, Chinese, at Victoria and 

.\lbcrt .Museum, 435 
Port .Sunlight, tvpieal buildings at. 

Portland cement: Co.. British. 89: 

cverydav u.scs of. 213: industry. 490 
Portrait gallery, national, Edinburgh. 

Position of contractors under Defence 

of the l!e:ilm Act. 112, 191. 211'iilitiej. of concrete in asthetic 

expression, 1'.I3 
Post otticc railway, 23 
Potsdam, Crown' Prince's English 

house, 191 
Power, .Sir \V. H.. the late. Ill 
Power station, Worcester, :1B1 
Preehner, Sidney T., Stoke Newiiigton, 

the late, 112 
Preparation of hills of ouaiitities, 140 
Preservation of the worlds lieritage of 

art. 49S 
Pressures, earth: experiincuts on, 535: 

measuring. 51s 
Pie-war building contrai'ts. 559 
Price of gas, 185, '242. 310 
Prints, rcproilnctioii of. 474 
Prisoners of war: as hewers of wood, 

537: books for. 13S. ;i90 
Pritchard. Lieut -Col. O. B., the late. 

Pritehctt V. Curric, siib-coMtr,actors' 

grievance.-.. ,'(8, 43 
Private: builders and house famine. 

.■.n4: enterpri.-e and housing inie.s- 

tion. 91. Ill, 315, .'fOfi 
Property owners: and .-ouml reforms. 

410; and the luiusing oue.-tion, :ii5. 

:)H«; flaim. in Dublin n billion. :is 
Prot<etion: against .subway tunnelling 

200; of j.ili-s. \w 
Prjnnc, Capt. E. ti. Pellowes, the 

late. 3.S0 
Publii-: tru.stee and the war, 5.-.7; 

works .lenaitmcnt of India, nioderu- 

i-lll'2 the. 577 

QUADRANT. Regent .street, .''.79 

(^1 intities, bills of, preparation of, 


Quicklime, expansive iKiwcrs of, .".77 

RAIDSi i'ir: and (ire in.-urance, 4.".7. 

474; anil .surveyors' lees, 31-'.. 330 
Hallway: bridges, upkeep of, S7: 

station (Quebec, I'uion) 211 

Kuilways : Canadian, proposed na- 
tionalisation of. 07; jMtst otilce tube, 
23; Siberian, llUi 
Kate, embankment pntpirtii"- exempt 

from, 112 
Kates levied ill various towns, 537 
Rating V.M.C.A. huts, .^05 
Beading abbey, capitals from, laA 
Recent research among Kgvptian 

ruins, 49(> 
Keconnaissances In the dark. 340 
Keconstriiction ; <.f ilestroyed war 
ureas, '23,s, 309; of Dublin. 8«, 3.S8, 
211. 410 
Record of a niedicevnl house at Folke- 
stone, 71 
Reil cedar, British Columbian. 470 
Redcsdale, Lord, the late, 171 
Regent street quadrant. .'.79 
Kegistf^ition . c<mipulsor\. of linns, 

3.S9: plumljcrs', 214 
Kcglilatinns: building. New York, 437; 

for teclinical schools, 213 
Reinforced concrete, X-rav photo- 
graphs of, 413 
Reinforcenient, road, 171. 540 
Remodelling old houses. 1S9 
Rents Act. increase of. 479. 497 
Rentio'^ surplus bnilding plant, 460 
Repairing concrete I(j7 
Repatriation fund, Belgian. 105 
Reports: Board of Education, 30C : 
Brown. Stewart, ;ind Co.. 44; Oity 
and guilds of Umdon institute. 22; 
housing (Local (..overnment Board) 
Reproduction of prints, 474 
Research, recent, among Egyptian 

ruins, 496 
Reservoirs: eonerete. cement gun and, 
557; Littleton, stopped contract, 
112, 191. 211. 4(19. 413: building, 452, 
476. 559 
Restrictions on use of land. 25 
Returns, Board of Trade, 519 
Reviews: Architect's and Surveyor's 
Diary, 577: .Architectural Building 
Construction. 144; Architectural 
Sketching and Drawins in Perspec- 
tive. 417: Artists' Rifles ,iev -ral. 
213; Berger's Stencil Book. 2; 
B.R.C. Fabric Booklet. 2; British 
and Foreign Mirbles. 310: Builder's 
Foreman. ;;s4 ; Can we set the World 
in Order'? 218: Chronological Cat;i- 
logue of Buildings. 144: Coming 
Trade War. 07; Confound their Poli- 
ties. 67 ; Development of English 
Building Construction. 289; Distinc- 
tive Colours, .540; Eclipse or Empire, 
360: Everyday I'scs of Portland 
Cement, 213; Farm Buildings and 
Building Construction in South 
Africa. 121 : Forty Years at the Bar. 
242: (Ireek House, the. US; Historic 
Architecture— Gothic. Renaissance, 
:ind Jlodern, lOS. ISO; Lion Roofing, 
43S; Model Dravring. with Architec- 
tural Examples, 341: Jlorden (Col- 
lege, Blackheath, 93; Port Sunlight, 
its .\rtistic <ind Pictorial .\,spect, 
.574: Portland Cement Industry. 496; 
Record of a Jledia-val House. 171; 
Road Reinforcenient. 540; Some 
Modern Jlethods of Ventilation tor 
Public Buildings. 577; Some Varnish 
Vagaries, 93; Stabilitv of Arches, 
192; The Boys that Kitchener 
Raised, '242: Trade as a Science. 2; 
War against Bribery. 457: Wa'ter- 
prooHng. 144: Welfare Work. 107 
Kheims cathedral, fresh Iwrnbardnient 
of. 4.53 

Riches, (leorge, the late, 195 
Rifles. Artists': appeal from. 437. 441; 
colonial, 105; Juurnul. 213: O.T.C, 

Ripon, deadlock as to electricilv sup- 
ply, 550 • ' 

Road: board lunds, 498: materials 
(best wearin--') 22 (testing machine) 
213: reinfori'enient. 171. .5^0- 
schemes, new material, 440, 502' 

RoaiU: British-made. In France. 498: 
eonerete, "belting." 435: for 
modern trallic-. '291: good, photo- 
graphs of, 25; main, of Somerset. 

Robert-. Capt. Reuben, tile late. 03 
Rochdale, housing survey of, 4.'i3 
Rodin, museum for Paris, 2K4 
Roll of honour. A. A., 288. 498 
Uomanee: of a brides elo|.eMant. 

213: of Dulwich college. ;iOI 
Roof tru.sscs: bowstring, 70: wnr.dru, 

ItiHiling: Lion. J.-lb; material- heal 
traiisini.-.-ion through. 80 

Rosytll, housing :it, l;i6. .590 

Routes, new omnibus. 113 

Ro.val; academy exhibitions. 07. 143. 
:">.'i7: arehieologie:il institute. .Is- in- 
stitute. British architects'. 4:i:i ' 439 
(examinations) 110 ; socictv. Uritish 
artists'. 390; sol^iety, painters in 
water colours, 414 

Rubbings, brass, x-.arnish for. '2ss 

Ruined cities of Yucatan. 575 

Ucshworlb. Capt. T. Sadler, the l:,te, 


Russia, art Pf. 133 

SAFEGUARDING machinery, 191 
Saint: Alpbage (Wood street, K.C.) 
I8S; Anne (Stanley) .594; Augnstlne 
(Belvedere) 510; Bartholomew's gate- 
way, Smithlleld, 39; Benedict (War- 
rington) 441, 495; Chad (datesheadl 
38; (feorge (Doncaster) IKO; Oiovan 
ni e Paulo (Venice) 343; Paul's (Al- 
ma-Tadcina memorial) 334; Paladin's 
tomb, the Kaiticr ami, 311; salon of 
photography. London, 208 
Sanatoria: Falkirk, 410; Rochdale, 

Sand, poor, structural failures due to, 

Saiidgate water supply, 213 
Sandstone, Berea, picture slab of, 361 
Sanitary inspectors at Cardiff, 319 
Sanitation at the front, 5.56 
Sant, James, R.A.. the late. C3 
Santa Barbara, pliotograplis in town 

planning at, 577 
Saving in cost of mill construction, 

Sawdust in cement floor, 479 
School: buildings, standardised, 479: 
of arcliiteetnrc (Liverpool) .'lOl (Ixin- 
don university college) 2;i9 ; of art 
(Camberweli) •2.(9 ((Ilasgow) l.'*8: Bir- 
mingham. 22; Cix.den Beach, Bex- 
hill (preparatory) 495: iioncaster 
(teelinie:il) 02; engineering (Crystal 
Palace) 595; Golder's Creen (nursery 
training) ■2.'iO: Hexham, 211; Hong 
Kong (Ellis Radoorie) 510; Liverpool 
(Xetberfield road) 211 ; London coun- 
cil, decoration of, 476; .Manchester 
(technology) 138: Portsmouth, 147, 
308; Shrewsbury (grammar) 22: tech- 
nical, regulations for, 213; trades 
training, 319, 557 
Science : of chromatics, the true, 194, 

195; trade as a, 2 
Scotland: forestry in, ;i9; national 

gallery of, 165 
Scottish: building trades federation, 
387: master slaters, 110; society of 
antiuuaries, 536; valuation appeal, 
Sculptors and painters, international 

society of, 366 
Sculiiture: ancient, in Japan. .503: 

Welsh historical, 26 
Security of tenure for surveyors, 145 
Sewage sludge, nitrogen from, 514 
Shaekleton. W . paintings by. 4,53 
Shau'.'hai. building boom in. 214 
Sharp and Knight v. Chant— inerea.-e 

of lent. 479. 497 
Sheflield: university dei^irtment of 
architecture. 239; waterworks not a 
munitions department, 213 
Ships: carpenter's place of emplov- 
ment, 112: concrete, -288; standard- 
ised, Chepstow yard for, 22 
Shops, stand. irdise'<i, 218 
Shore that remains in place, 591 
Sibeiian railways, 188 
Sidbury. architectural models at. ;W7 
Silica and fire-clay materials. 40 
Simpson, Lieut. Cyril W.. the late. 

Sketching, architectiu'al, 417 
Skim milk as a fire-resistant coveriug, 

Sky-scraper, how old is the. 138 
Slackness in building trades, causes of, 

389 , 

Slag, blast furnace, as constructional 

material, 27 
Slate, cleaning the, 141 
Slaters, Scottish master, Uii 
Sludge, sewa'.'e. nitrogen from. 514 
Small town, water supiily system for, 

Smith, .Tohn, Belfast, the late, ,359 
Smithfield. St. Bartholomew's gate- 
way, 39 
Societies: antiquaries (Bri.stol) 409 
(Scottish) 5:10 : archieologieal (Lon- 
don and .Middlesex) 337 (SQuicrset) 
64; architects' and surxevors' ap- 
proved. .576; architects', the. •2:{7. 
.^87. 481 (Manchester do.) 409: archi- 
tcctunil KJlasginv eraftsnieii's) 21 
(Lced.-) :;il; ehunli huihiing (ineor- 
porated) 497: international .seul].- , 
tors and painters. ;iOO; Leighton 578: Ixindon. ;!tt5: ro\al JBrit- I 
i-h artists') ;!9ii (painters hi water i 
colouis) 414 
Sonic varnish vagaries, 93 
Sr.merset: arelpcological society. 6t ; 

iiiaiji roads. 105 
.Soiiipting ehurch. 385, 441 
S.O.S.. .-,34 

.South: Africa, farm buildings in, 121: 
Ameilea. timber resource.-- of, ,5:t7 ; 
Powus. the cathedral inidcr the. 
2.S5, '29;;, .'iOS: Holderne-s water sup- 
ply, 04J Metiini.olitan (ias Co.'s 
charges. 117 
SouthiKirt. housing conihtions in. 453 
Sparrow, Lieut. Frank K., the late, 

S]HH-ial struts in brid'.;c construction 

Specification, standard, for timber, 25 
Speed of wood-working machinery, 89 
Spencer : Herbert, and the metric sys- 
tem, 206; Santo and Co. v. H.M. 
(Iflice of Works. 211, 63 
Spills. R. Phcne. the late, 358, 518 
Spliced, clamped, strength of. 121 
Spruce, British Coluinhiaii, 176 


at. 1S8 
timber. 25 
ships, 22 ; 

Stability- of arches, 192 
Stabling, Zako7.iel, Rus.^a, 
.stained glass, ,■«. 
Staircases, eonimon, 500 
Stamford, sewage disposal 
Standard speeiheation for 
Staiidardisi-d: selniols, 479; 

shops, 218 
Star, the, in llagiology, 498 
Stations: lire (tJlasgow) 433; power 

(Worcester) 301 ; railway (Quebec, 

Cnion) 211 
.statues: Cardiff city hall, 26; Edin- 
burgh (.\lcxajider and Bucephalus) 

64; Fleet street, K.C. (Norwich 

Union) 408: New York (Custom 

house) 408; Rome (Niobide) 165 
Steaming olf old wallpaper, ,340 
Steel : buildings made up of pinned 

panels, 394; structural, electrical 

welding of, 521 
Stencil book, Berger's, 2 
Stephen system of roof trusses, 260 
Steps, house built in, 582 
Sterilis;ition of water, 518 
Stipimlyle glass, 195 
Stone: footprints. Highland, 105; 

workers, old Egyptian, 502 
Stones, big. architectural use of, 210 
Stoppage of building operations, 43, 

65, 91, 289. 3:i9, 479 
Storage of cement, 71 
Strength of clamiHMl splices, 121 
Stresses: in bowstring roof truss, 70; 

failures due to iwor sand, 5'22 
Structural: steel, electric welding of, 

Struts, special, in bridge construction, 

Sub-contractor's grievances, 38. 43 
Subsidence due to colliery workings, 

Subway: Lexington avenue. New 

Y'ork, '242; tunnelling, protective 

measures, -266 
Sulgrave manor house. 111 
Sumner: course for building teachers. 

Bournemouth, -265: time and gas 

bills, 213 
Sun temple, Jlersa Verde, 

park. 517 
Sunderland, old. views of. 65 
Surplus building plant, renting. 4sii 
Smvey. housing, of Rochdale. 453 
Surveyor v. guardians, 434, 517 
Surveyors': charges, lessor's, 5,55: fees 

(air raids and) 315, 330 (valuation) 

434, 517; institution, 409, 457. 401. 

472, 494, 502 (and military servieO 

583; security of tenure from, U5 
Swansea munition works contract, 409 
Symbolism of loIouis. 167 

TABLETS, war. Liverpool, :!21 
Tall chimneys in landscape scenery, 


Tanner: Lieut. E. J. S., the late, 
63: William. Newport, Mon., the 
late, 554 
Tax, income, on art galleries, IIS ' 
Tajiation, rate of, 65 
Ta.xed costs, 441, 495 
Taxes on coats-of-arms, (ia 
Teachers, building, summer course for, 

Technical: college (Olasgow, :oyal) 
339: schools (Doncaster) 62 (regula- 
tions for) 213 
Techiiologv. :\Ianehester school of, l;iS 
Te^d, Lieut. S. H.. the late. I:i7 
Telegraph Construction Act. 164 
Temple, sun, .Mesa Verde national 

park, 517 
Tenders, mistakes in. 214 
Tenure, security of. for >ur\e\ors, 

Teredo, baffling and liulktiiig tlii-. 

Testing maehiiie. road mateiials. 
Test,- of h.vdrated lime. 210 
Theatre floor, eolistruction of. 
Theatres: Belfast (|>icture) 
ICaiety do.) 510; Cardift (Eiiipii.) 
110; Toronto (Princess, floor of) ;i8l 
I'lirone, Bristol cathedral. '202 
Timber: resources of S<juth Ameriei. 
.■i:i7 : standard speeifieatioii for. 2.".: 
supplies (Canadian) jls (our fiitiirel 
:io4 (world's, after the war) .■.:i7 
Timbers. .Xust'-alian ornamental, iri: 
'I line and mom y . 93 
Titles for chairiiieii of councils. J Ml 
Toinlinson. W. W.. the late, 5;i4 
I'oiige, John. Iloihdale. the late. Ill 
Tnwer of London, cracks in. 4;i 
Town hall-: Polloksbaw-. :1S5 : Wal- 
lasey (as a hospital I 65 
Town plaiilliiig: Act. crampiug ell. ■ t 
of. -25: Bath. 577: Bil iniliglialii. 41 1 . 
ill ancient India. 07; Iroipiois Fall-. 
(Int.. 68: Simtli shields, 500 
Town, small, water supply system 

for. 318 
Tracing cloth as bandages, 113 
Trade: after the war. 07; as a science. 



Trades tr,iining schools, 319. .557 
Traffic, modern, roads for. 291 
Training: of Italijiu arcliitcct-. 1: 

school, trade.**, 319, 557 
Transmis,-ion of heat through roofing 

materials. 86 
Tree: blown highw:iy. liability 

for. ."lOO; felling ill llovedale. 113: 

planting in Vjinwj watershed, 22 

July ui DeCLinber, 1916. 


ftuppJiment to the 
BuiLDiNo Nbws, January 10, 1917, 


Trt*neh draining. 517 
Trespass hy giis colU^ctor. Ha 
TrotttT, Y.. anil Son, 1!*S 
'i'ruc seicufc of ohrnniatics, ]!M, 
Truss, bow.striii;: roof, 7u 
Trusses, wooden i-ouf. •H\i\ 
Trustee, public, and the war. .').'> 
Tufa lis a building material. HO 
Tennel: Channel. 43. .s.s.i. 414. 

l,H-mile under Cat.skill mount 

Tunnelling, .subwav. in New Y 




U, misuse of V for, .'»77 
Vndeveloped land duty — Ferguson v. 

Inland Revenue Commissioners. 510 
1 Unemployment after the war. .595 
Ilnite<l States, buildiuy iiroiiress in, 

Cniversity : iColleKe, Lomlon. r,5 

(school of architecture) L'Sil; Shef- 

Illeld, 385 
Unoccupied laiul. (lovernuient cost of, 
Tfnrest, indn.strial, remedies for. 241 
[ Upkeep of railway bridges. 87 
Use, architectural, of bin stones. 210 
Utility, lieautv of desi'.in and. Ills 

V, misuse of. for T'. 577 
X'auarie-.. some varnish. o:i 
Valuation: appeal. Scottish. 2S7; be 

twcen unions. 434. 517: land. 113 
\'alue. increment, duty, 112 
\nn Diemen's manuscript bo.x. 387 
\"ainish vaj?arie5, 93 
\'arnishin'.; brass rubbings. 288 
Vauahan. Ueut. K. 1). (Jwvnne, the 

lale, 3.15 

Veale. Private Theodore \V. H., V.C., 

Venice: Ca d'Oro. 387: ilucal palace, 
protection of. |;!5: Westminster 
Abbey of (Zanipolo) 343 
N'entilation. b:ilanee sy-st<.*m of, .577 
Victoria and Albert Museum: chil- 
dren's exhibition, 580: ('hinese por- 
celain at, 4:15 : donations to, 288; 
furniture at, ll.S 
Vijifrs. Lieut. L. Le.sli.'. the late, 63 
Vilbi bar-^es for excursion traffic. 310 
Vojine. Marquis de. the late. 473 
Vyrnwy watershed, tree planting on, 

WAGE ind output, Sir C. 11. Chubli 
on. 2S9 

Walker Art G;illery exhibition. 290 

Wallasey town hall as a hos[)ital, (m 

Wallis, Henry, the late, 595 

Wallpaper, old. t;teaminj^ otf. 340 

Wanted at the front, 534 

War: against bribery, 457': arc-hitee- 
ture and, .307 ; areas, reconstruction 
of destroyed. 238. .309; forestry and. 
537: housing after the, 289; me- 
niorials, 23 (Benson, Dr., on) 45 
(civic arts designs) 44. 04; non-fer- 
rous metal trade.s after, 411 ; office 
(and Cavendish Land Co.) .580 
(changes at) 389 (contracts, commis- 
sion on) 452 : prisoners of, books 
for, 138, 390; public trustee ami, 
557; service bureau, A. .4., 104: 
tablets, Liverpool, 221; threatened 
industrial, 241; trade after the, 07: 
unemployment after, 595; world's 
timber supply ,after the, 537 

Warehouse overloaded, Glasgow, ISO 

W argrave church, rebuilding of, 09 

Warrington, house-famine in, 13S 

Wash-house, public, Edinburgh, 452 

Washington Capitol extension. arc!u- 
tect of, 207 

Watch, the Willetted, 265 

Water: board, metropolitan, 337 (and 
its contractors) .522 (estimates) 8s 
(offices) ;i9 (v. Dick, Kerr, and Co.) 
112, 191, 211, 409, 413: sterilis:ition 
of, ,518; supply system for a .snail 
town, 318; will cost ns more, 577 

Waterproofing, 144 

Waterworks. Sheffield, not a muni- 
tions department, 213 

Watson: A. Duncan, the late, 409; 
Lieut. F. 0., the late. 440 

Webb: Capt. Musgrave M., the bite. 
:f59; Lieut. Philip E., th,- late, :1.59 

Webb V. Flint, 117, KiO 

W'eights and measures, international 
sy.stem of, 238 

Welding, electric, of structur;il stcet, 

Welfare work, 107 

Wellington, .T. B. B.. pbotograjihs by. 

Welsbach Light Co., English manage- 
ment for, 89 

Welsh historical scnl|iture, 20 

W^estminster Abbey: of Venice, 343; 
policeman's facts :i.s to. .390 

Weston V. Ball— builder and solicitor, 

Westwood, Lieut. W. R., the late, 

When were bricks first made in Eng- 
land? 188, 212 

Who was the iirchitect of the Wash- 
ington Capitol extension? 207 

Why America rejects the metric sys- 
tem, 518 

Willetted watch, the, 265 

Winch, .\rthur. Leeds, the late. 359 

Winnipeg aqueduct, 470 

Winter exhibition. Royal Academy, 


Women carpenters, 470 
Women's hospitals: Chel.sea, 38; Clap- 
ham Common, 2 
Wood: balsa, 94; flour, 218; market 

repoit, 342 
Wooden: bobbins, scarcity of. 311: 

roof trus:ies, 2(>0 
Woodmen, English v. Canadian. 113. 

Woods of Nova Scotia, 310 
Wood-working machlnerv, speed of, 

89 ' 

Woolwich. War Office houses at, 498 
Workmen's interviews with employers, 

World, the. can we set it iti oriler? 

World's timber supply after the war, 

Written consent to encroachment, 

X-RAY pluitograiihs of conerete rein- 
forcements, 413 

YARBOROUGH, W. II. Cooke, the 

bite, 5:14 
Y.M.C.A. huts, rating of, :105 
Yucatan, ruined cities of, 575 

ZEPPELIN raids: and fire insurance, 
457, 474; and surveyors' fees, 315, 

Zinc deposits in Canada, 113 


ABBEY, Fountains, 172 

Aberdeen: deacons' chairs in Trinity 

hall, 344, 370: table in Trades hall, 

.\dditions to Sharnbrook house, 442 
Aeronautic buildings, national physi- 
cal laboratory. 72 
Agricultural college. Sutton Boning- 

ton. 394 
Albion theatre. Handsworth, 48 
Alcantara, bridge of. Toledo. 240 
Ail Hallows Barking. E.C., 294; 

sword rest in, 290 
-ilma-'Tadcma. .Sir L., memorial slab 

to, .St. Paul's cathedral. 320 
Almshouse. Ewelme, 584 
.Vrc.Iiitettiiral As.soeiation ^^A.D. 

(London 43). 120 
Architecture, historic. 172 
Art gallery entrance. Port Sunlight, 

A-yliim, Derbyshire county, Xhorn- 

hill. Bamford, 172. 185, 196, 209, 222 

240. 270. 333 
.\th( Ihampton hall. 4. 0, 48 

BAMFORD, Thornhill county asylum, 
172. 18,-,. 190. 209. 222, 240. 270! 3:j:i 

banks: Er,l,., (Williams. Deacon's) 
l:!: HaniUworth (Lloyds) 48; York 
place. Portman stjuare (London 
County and Westminster) 240 

Hanipieting hall. Athelllampton hall, 
0, 48 

Harnett. Canon, homestead. Hamp- 
stead garden suburb, 544, 553 

bedroom, with matone decorations, 

Helfast. picture theatre. Duncairn 
gardens, 101 

Uelfry at Comines, 418 

Belvedere, St. Augustine's church, ,504 

Ucuch erids. Trull church, 407 

Bexliill. girls' school, C'ooden Beach. 

Billiard room, decorated in matone, 

Hiriningham : Albion theatre. Hands- 
worth, 48: Lloyds bank. Hands- 
worth, 48 

bishop's throne, Bristol cathe<lral, 246 

Boston, Mass., E. S. Draper's house, 

lioiidoir decorated in matone, 122 

Bowstring roof truss, 7(1, 71 

Braid HilU, greenkeepers' cottages, 
.504, 573 

Briilge of Alcantara, Toledo, 240 

Bristol : cathedral, new bishop's 
throne, 240; Southmead workhouse 
infirmary, 320 

British Legation : Cettinje, 
294: Stockholm, 320 

liuilding of fireproof houses. 459, 400 

lliirhill, Whiteley homes, 72, .504, .524, 

Hurslem, house. High lane, 235 

linshey . house, TeiWington, new 
aeronautics buildings. 72 

Business premi-ses: Kcdes (bank) 19: 
Fleet street. E.C. (insurance, friezes 
aii'l statuary) .■;94 : Handsworth 
(b.iiikj IK; ji,.;ir London (munition 
factory) 2.59; York place, Portman 
sipiare (bank) 246 

CALEDONIA preparatory girls' 
school. Cooden Beach. Bexhill. 484 

Camberley, .Maultway house. 524 

Cambridge, master's house and class- 
rooms, Qti 

Campden Hill, King's college for 
women : quadrangle, 135 ; Queen 
Mary's hostel, 122; refectory. 122 

Canon Barnett homestead, Hamp- 
stead garden suburb, 544, 553 

Capital, chapel of Riccardi palace, 
Florence, 173 

Cardiff, Empire theatre. Queen street. 
96. 109 

Castle, Duart. Isle of Mull, 28 

Cathedrals : Bristol (bishop's throne) 
246; St. Paul's (Ahna-Tadema 
memorial slab) 320 

Central stjition hotel, Glasgow, 172 

Cettinje, Montenegro, British Lega- 
tion house, 294 

Chairs : Chippendale, 693 (and 
Hepplewliite) 222; deacons'. Trinity 
hall, Aberdeen, 344, 370; state, 2,3o"; 
Yorkshire, 593 

Chapel of Uiceardi palace. Florence, 
capital in, 172 

Chateau Chemaz^, 172 

Chemaze, chateau de, 172 

Chest, Portuguese, lock-plate of, 02 

Children's hospital, Leasowe, Liver- 
pool, 270 

Chippendale chairs: 593; Salomons' 
collection, 223 

Churches: All Hallows Barking, E.G., 
•294 (sword rest in) 290; Belevedere 
(St. Augustine) 604; Copenhagen 
street, \. (Blessed Sacrament) 148: 
Corfe castle, 544; Dunsden (.411 SS.. 
churchyard gates) 320; Gateshead 
(St. Chad, founder's window) 28; 
Hillingdon (memorial to Hon. C. T. 
Mills) 85; Kenton (pulpit and rood 
.screen) 418; Leigli-on^.Sea. fisher- 
man's church. 584: Luton. Beds (.\ll 
Saints) 196 ; Newington, Kent, 402 : 
Port. Sunlight (Clirist) 564 (do., 
Lady Lever memorial) 624. 544; 
Somptiiig, 370, 383. 442: Stanley, 
Liverpool (St. .\nne. war screen) 
584; 'Thornhill (county asylum) 222; 
Trull (pulpit, screens and bench 
ends) 407 ; Warrington (St. Bene- 
dict, R.C.) 442, 484 

Churchyard gates, All Saints, Dun.v 
den, 320 

City, the: All Hallows Barking. 294 
(sword rest) 290; .lustice statuary 
and friezes at Norwich Union office. 
Fleet street. 394 

('lapham Common. .South Lomlon hos- 
pital for women, 

Classrooms and master's lious<\ Cam- 
bridge, no 

CUib hall, co-p,artners'. Port Sunlight, 

Colleges: Campden hill (King's, for 
women, quadrangle) 1.35 (Queen 
Mary's hostel) 122 (refectory) 122 : 
Hertford. Oxford, new buildings. 
:)44; Sutton Bonington (agricultural) 

('olonnadc, Walhampton house, 222 

Comines. belfry at. 418 

Conqietition designs: fountain (war 

memorial, l,st, C. B. Farey) 148; 

ny>nument, war (new county hall, 

Istj Rickards and Poole) 148 
Concrete mixer, 415 
Coneybury, Walton heath. 
Co-partners' club hall. Port Sunlight. 

Cooden Beach, Bexliill, Caledonia 

girls' school, 484 
Copenhagen street, N., church of 

Blessed Sacrament, 148 
Corfe castle village, 544 
Cottages: Braid Hills (greenkeepers') 

564, 573; Robertsbridge, 493 
Council schools: Netherfleld road, 

Liverpool. 196: Winiborne road, 

Portsmouth, 294. .'in? 
County: asylum. Bamford. Derbv.shire. 

172, 185, 190, 209, 222, 246, 27(), :M3; 

hall, London, war monument (1st 

design, Rickards and Poole) 148 
Crippled children's hospital, Leasowe, 

Liverpool, 270 
Custom house, New York, statues of 

Europe and Genoa, 394 

DEACONS' chairs. Trinity hall, Aber- 
deen, 344, 370 

Denmark hill, fourth London general 
(King's college) hospital, 122 

Derbyshire asylum, Thornhill, 172, 183, 
196, 209, 222, 240, 270, 333 

Details: ajsylum (Thornhill, Derby- 
shire) 172, 196; chairs (deacons', 
Aberdeen) 344, 370; church (Somp- 
tiiig) 442; cottages (Braid Hilbs) 573; 
gatas (Dunsden, churchyard) 320 ; 
houses, flreiproof , 459, 460 ; infirmary, 
workhouse (Southmead) 320; labora- 
tories (school of medicine for 
women) 418, 431, 451 ; palace chapel 
(RiccartU, Florence) 172; schools 
(Portsmouth. Wimborne road) 294: 
screen (Kenton) 418; table (.Aber- 
deen) 357 

Doncastcr municipal technical schools. 
48, 01 

Doorway of .Sala ilc Gigli. Palazzo 
Vecdiio, Florence, 172 

Drawings, measured : deacons' sliairs. 
Trinity hall. Aberdeen (J. B. Nieol) 
.'i44, 370; church, Sonipting (F. A. 
Crouch) .370, 383. 442; table. Trades 
liall, Aberdeen (J. C. Nieol) 357 

Dresser, Yorkshire, 593 

Duart Castle. Mull Island, '28 

Dunsden, All Saints, wrought-iron 
gate to churchyard, .320 

EASTERN Command headquarters. 
Pail Mall, 72 

Edinburgh, Scottish national portrait 
gallery, 581 

Ellis Radoorie scli0<)l for Indians. 
Hong Kong, 513 

Emiiire theatre. Cardiff. 96, 109 

Enfield, house at, 294 

Engine-room heroes' memorial. 
Prince's Pierhead, Liverpool, 48 

Entrance: library, art gallery. Port 
Sunlight, .564; lodge, Thornliill asy- 
lum, 333; porch, I.oiigstowe hail, 
•240; to gardens, Woolley hall, 148 

Estate, Port -Authority's, Plaistow, 

402, 471, 484, 544 
Europe, statue of. Custom house. New 

York, 394 
Ewelme, God's house, quad, .584 

FACTORY, munition, new London, 

Fireproof houses, building of, 459, 460 

Fisherman's church, Leigh-on-Sea, 684 

Fleet street, E.G., group of Justice 
and friezes at Norwich Union office, 

Floor, theatre, Toronto (Princess), 

Florence: capital in Riccardi palace 
chapel, 172; doorway in Vecehio 
palace, 172 

F<iunders' window, St. Chad's, Gates- 
head, '28 

Fountain, war memorial (1st design, 
C. 'E. Farey) 148 

Fountains abbey, from south, 172 

Fourth London general hospital, Den- 
mark hill. 122 

Free library. Port Sunlight. .564 

Friezes: Emjiire theatre, Cardiff, 109; 
Norwich Union office. Fleet street, 

Frimley, the old mill, 394 

Furniture : Chippendale and Hepple- 
white chairs, 222; Salomons collec- 
tion, Chipiiendale chairs, do., 593; 
deacons' chairs, Aberdeen, 344 ; State 
chair. 236; table. Aberdeen, 357; 
Yorkshire dresser and chair, .593 

GALLERY : art, entrance to. Port 

Sunlight, 504; national portrait, 

Edinburgh, 584 
Garden village institute, Oakdale 

Gardens, Woolley hall, 148 
Gates: churchyard, -All Saints, Duns- 

<len, 320; inner park, Longstowe 

hall, 122 
Gateshead, founders' window, St. 

Chad's church, 28 
Genoa, statue of. Custom house. New 

York, 394 
Glasgow. Central Station hotel. 172 
Glass, stipiiolyte, ]D5 
God's house, Ewelme, 584 
<iOlder's green, nursery training 

.school, Wellgarth road, 222 
Greenkeepers' cottages. Braid Hills, 

564, 573 
Greywalls. Weybridge, 72 
Grodno, stabling, Zakoziel, in, 270, 


HALLS : Aberdeen (Trades, table in) 
.357 (Trinity, deacons' chairs in) 344, 
870, Athelhampton, 4, 0, 48; London 
county (war monument, Isb design, 
Rickards and Poole) 148; Longstowe 
(entrance porch) 246 (park g.ates) 
122; Matone decorations in, 394; 
Port Sunlight (co-partners' club) 
.564: Thornhill asylum (recreation)! 
196; Wooll.y (tea hous.3 and Ptir- 
eola) 148 ' 


Siii>i>tfm/iil It' till- 
nrri.MNi. Nt:\\>, .Iiiniirirv 10, 1917. 


ni'ii.niM. s 

.hilv u> I)i' 

IlampsttNad garden suburb. Canon Bar- 
nett lionU'!.t*nel, M4. i.W 

Ilandsuorth. Iiirniini!h:ini : Alhinn 
lip.itrt'. 4S; I.loyils hank, 4S 

llradiiuiirtir-. Ku-t.rn Conimnnil. 
Pall M.ill, 'i 

llrindi'wliitf rlmirs, Salomons' itdln ■ 
tioii, •.■•-'-' 

HfRH*' nuMiorial (ongiui'-rcHini). 
Liver|Kxil. 4S 

HiTlford, Oxford, new build 
iiiBs, MA 

llilliiiKdon ilmrcb. Hon. C. T. MilK' 
ait-niorial, s.'i 

Historic ariliit«'otwre. 172 

Homes, Hiirhill OVhit*l«->) 72, .W, 
.'>21, 5S;i 

Homestead, Canon Barmtt's, Hanip- 
sleail garden suburb. M4, 553 

Hong Kong, tUis Kadiwrie fohool, 

HaipitAU: ("lapliain oimraon (South 
London women's) n; Itenmark hill 
(Fourth I/>ndon general. King's col- 
lege) iii; Karachi (war) OW; lA>a- 
fove. Liverpool (crippled children) 
270; Ourscamp, 172; 'I'liornhill asy- 
lum (isolation) 1»6 

Hostel. Queen Mary's. Kings college, 
tor women, Cumpden hill. 122 

Hotel. Glasgow (Central Station) 172 

House built in steps, 5'*.'i 

Houses: .\tholhampton (hall) -1, 0, 48; 
Boston, Mass.. S44: Braid HdLs, 
N B. (cott-nges) 5M. 573; Burhdl 
(Whiteley homes) 72, .504, 5':4, 538: 
llurslem. 235 ; Cambridge (master s) 
%: Cettinje (British legation) 294; 
Conevburv. Walton heath. 6; En- 
Weld 294: F.welme (alms) 554; lire- 
proof, the building of, 459. 4C0; 
Orevwalls, Wcybridge, 72; Hamp- 
stea'd garden suburb, 544, 5.53; 
ixmgstowe (hall, entTance porch) 
•'40 (do., gates) 1-22: Maultway, 
Cambcrlev, 5'24; old mill, Fnmley, 
394; patented plan for (R. Thom- 
son) 437; Plaistow. Port Authority's 
cstat*. 4r.2. 471, 4S4, 544: Pollok. 
Pollokshaws, %; Pyrford, 442; 
Robcrt*bridge (cottages) 493 ; Sharn- 
brook additions to, 442; Stockholm 
(British Legation) 3-20 ; Titlark's hill, 
Sunningdale, 148; Walhampton (log- 
gia and colonnade) 222; Weston 
\cres, Woodmansterne, 41S; Wool- 
lev hall (tea house and pergola) 
14S • Zakoziel, Russia (coachman's 
and gamekeeper's) 270, 283 ' 

Hunter street, laboratories, school of 
medicine lor women, 41S, 431, 151 

IMPROVED shore 594 

Indians' school. Hong Kong, -ili 

Intirmarv, workhouse, Southmead, 

Bristol. 320 
Institute, workmen's. Oakdale. 270 
Insurance office. Fleet street (Nor- ; 

wich I'nion, friezes and statuary) 

Iro(|uois Falls. Ont., town plan, 68 
Islington, west, church of Blessed \ 

Sacrament, 14S I 

Isolation hospital. Thornhill asyhim. ; 


JUSTICE group at Norwich Vnion 
office. Fleet street, K.C., 394 

KARACHI, offices, now war hospital, 

Kenton church, pulpit and rood 

screen, 41s 
King's college for women, Canipden 

hill: quadrangle, 135: refectory, 122: 

St. Mary's hostel, 1-22 
King's college hospital, Denmark hill. 


LABORATORIES : London school of 
medicine for women, 418, 431. 451 : 
national physical, aeronautics build- 
ings, 72 

Lady Lever memorial, Christ church. 
Port Sunlight, 524, 544 

Leasowe hospital for crippled chil- 
dren, Liverpool, 27U 

Legation house, British : Cettinje, 
294: Stockholm, 320 

Lever: free library. Port Sunlight, 
564 (ladv) memorial, Christ church. 
Port Sunlight, 524. 544 

Library: entrance, art gallery, Port 
Sunlight, 564; Lever free. Port Sun- 
light, 561 

Liverpool : council school, Netherfield 
road, 196 ; engine-room heroes' me- 
morial. Prince's pierhead, 48 : Lea- 
.sowe hospital for crippled children, 
270; war screen. St. .\nne's, Stan- 
ley ; war tablets, Brownlow hill 
workhouse, and Stock Exchange, 

Lloyds bank. Handsworth, 48 

IxM'k plate of Portuguese trousseau 
chest, 62 

Lodge entrance, Thornhill asylum, 3.S3 

Loggia, Walhampton house, 222 

Ixtndon : County and Westminster 
bank, York place, W., 246; county 
hall, war monument (1st design, 
Kickards and Poole) 118; general 

(Kins'" college) hospital, Uenmjirk 
Hill, 122 ; munition factory, near, 
259: Port Authority's istatc, Plais- 
tow, K., 462, 471, 484, 514: sclHKd of 
nu'dlcme for women, hi l>ora lories, 
41>, 431, 451 

l,otigstnwe hall: entrance porch, 246; 
iuutr park gates, 1*22 

Lunatic asylum, l)erb.vshire, Tlioni- 
hill, 172, 185, 196, 209, 2'22, 240, 270, 

l.ulon, Beds, All Saint-' church. 196 

MAIDENHEAD, lea house and per- 
i;, Woolley hall, 14S 

Master's house and elass-iooms, 
Cambridge, 96 

Mat^ne decorations: bedroom, .194: 
billiard-room. 122; bou<loir. 1'22; 
hall and staircase, S04 

Maultway house, Camberlcy. .524 

.Measured drawings: cli.'urs (deacons'. 
Trinity hall. Aberdeen. .1. B. Kicol) 
.t44, .'170; church (.Sunpting, F. A. 
(•rouch) 370, .I-*;!, 442: table (Trades 
hall, Aberdeen, J. ('. Nicol) .357 

Medicine, women's school of. Hunter 
street, 41>S, 431, 451 

Memorials: fountain design, war (C. 
E. Farey) 14S: Hillingdon (Hon. C. 
T. Stills) 85: Liverpool (engine-room 
heroes) 4S (war tablets) 221 : Port 
Sunlight (Lady Lever) :,il. i44: St. 
Paul's catlie<lral (Sir L. Alnia- 
Tadema) .320; Stanley, Liverjiool 
(St. .\nne. .screen) 5S4 

Midland agricultural college. Sutton 
Bonincton. 394 

.Mill, the old. Frimley. .394 

.Mills, Hon. C. T.. memorial to, Hil- 
lingdon, 85 

^lixer, concrete, 415 

Monument, war, new county hall (first 
design. Kickards and Poole) 148 

Mull, Island of, liiiart c.istle. 28 

.Municipal: technical schools, Doncas- 
ter, IS. 61 

.Munition factory near London, 259 

Museum of ;intiuuiti(s, lulinburgh. 


NATIONAL : physical laboratory, 
aeronautics buildings. 72; portrait 
gallerj-. Edinburgh, 584 

New: bishop's throne, Bristol cathe- 
dral, 246; (juadrangle, Hertford- 
college, Oxford, 344; York, statues 
of Europe and Genoa at Custom 
house, 394 

Newington church, near Shorncliffe, 

Norwich Union office. Fleet street, 
E.G., justice group and friezes, 394 

Nursery training school, (Jolder's 
green, 222 

OAKDALE* Mon., workmen insti- 
tute, 270 

Offices: official block, Thornhill 
asylum, 205; Karachi, now war hos- 
pital. 564 

Old mill, Frimley, 394 

Ourscamp, interior of hospital, 172 

Oxford, new buildinss. Hertford col- 
lege, 344 

PALACES in Florence: Riccardi, capi- 
tal in chapel, 172; Vicchio, door- 
way, 172 

Pall Mall, S.W., headquarters. 
Eastern Command, 72 

Paris, house built in steps. 583 

Parlour, great, .\thelhampton hall. 6 

Patented dwelling-house plan (R, 
Thomson) 4.'i7 

Peryola, WooUev hall, Maidenhead, 

Physical laboratory, national, aeron- 
autics buildim:s, 72 

Picture theatre. Belfast. ICl 

Plaistow. Port authority's estate, 
Prince Regent lane, 462, 471, 481, 

Plans: aeronautical buildings, national 
(Teddington) 72; asylum (Thornhill, 
Derbyshire) 172, 185, 196. -246, 270, 
333; castle (Duart, Mull) 28; 
churches (Belvedere, St. Augustine) 
504 ((^penhagen street, N., Blessed 
Sacrament) 148 (Sompting) 370 
(Warrington) 442 ; cottages (Braid 
Hills, N.B.) 564; estate (Plaistow, 
Port authority) 462, 471, 484: fac- 
tory (munition, near London) 259 ; 
gardens (Woolley hall) 148; hall 
(Athelhampton) 4; homes (Burhill, 
Whitelej) 72, 504, 6'24: hospitals 
(Clapham common, women's) 6 
(Thornhill asylum, isolation) 198 
(Boston, Mass.) 344; houses (Bur- 
slem) 235 (Cambridge, master's) 96 
(fire-proof) 459, 460 (Greywalls, Wey- 
bridge) 72 (Hampstead garden 
suburb) 553 (Maultway, Camberley) 
5'21 (old mill, Frimley) 394 (Plais- 
tow, E.) 462, 471, 484 (Pyrford) 412 
(Sharnbrook) 442 (Weston Acres, 
Woodmansterne) 118; infirmary 
(Southmead, Bristol, workhouse) 
820; institute (Oakdale, workmen's) 
270; laboratory (school of medicine 
for women. Hunter street) 418; 

patented liouw (R. Thomson) 
437; schools (Cooden Bench, 
Buxhill) 484 (Doncaslor, tech- 
nical) 48 (GoldcT's Green, 
uurfH^ry training) 222 (Liver- 
pool, Netherfield road, council) 196 
(PortsMKiutli, Wjmborne road, coun- 
cil) -294. .'i07 : stabling (Zakoziel) '270, 
2S3: theatre (Cardiff, Empire) 96: 
town (lro(iuois Falls, Ont.) 68; town 
liall.s I Pollokshaws) ;t7n 
Plate, lock, Portuguese trousseau 

ihcst, 62 
Pollok house, Pfdlokshaws. 90 
Pollokshaws: Pollok house, 96; town 

halts, .'170 
Porih. entrance, Ixmgstowe hall, 246 
Port: Authority estate, Plaistow, 462, 
471, 4sl, .'.'.il: Sunlight (Christ 
, iiurch) 461 (co-partners' club hall) 
464 (Lady Li-ver memorial) 5-24, .544 
(Lever free library) 4*'n (library en- 
trance, art gallery) 464 
Portrait gallerv, national. Edinburgh. 

Portraits of .\..\. voluntary aid de- 
tachment, 120 
Portsmouth, Wimborne road, council 

.schools, 294, .sn7 
Portuguese lock plate of chest, 02 
Princess theatre, Toronto. ;iS4 
Pulpits, church: Kenton, H"-: Trull. 

Pyrford, house at, 442 

QUADRANGLE : God's house, Ewelme, 
:<si; Hertford college, Oxford, new, 
.'U4: King's college for women, 
I'ampden hill, i:i5; university, Shef- 
field, 370 

Queen Mary's hostel. King's college 
for women. Campden hill, 122 

RADOORIE Indians' .school. Hong 
Kong, 513 

Recreation hall. Thornhill a.sylum, 196 

Refectory, King's college for women, 
Campden liill, 122 

Riccardi palace chapel, Florence, capi- in. 172 

Roadside cottages, Robertsbridge, 493 

Robertsbridge, roadside cottages, 493 

Rood screen, Kenton, 118 

Roof: banqueting hall, Athelhampton 
hall, 18; truss, bowstring, 70, 71 

Rooms: banqueting (Athelhampton 
hall) 6, 48; bed (in Matone) 394 ; bil- 
liard room (in Matone) 122; boudoir 
(in Matone) 1'22: dining (Boston, 
Mass.) 344; great parlour (Athel- 
hampton hall) 6 

SAINT: Anne (Stanley, war screen) 
534; Augustine (Belvedere) 504; 
Benedict (Warrington) 442, 484; 
Chad (Gateshead, window) 28 : Pauls 
cathedral (memorial slab to .\lma- 
Tadema) 320 

Salomons' collection of furniture: 
Chippendale and Hepplew-hite, ' 
chairs, 222 ; State chair, 236 

School : of medicine for women. Hun- 
ter street, W., 418, 431, 451 

Schools : Cooden Beach, Bexhill (girls' 
preparatory) 484; Doncaster (tech- 
liical) 48, 61; Golder's Green (nur- 
sery training) 2'22 ; Hong Kong (Ellis 
Radooric) 513 ; Liverpool (Netherfield | 
road, council) 196; Portsmouth i 
(Wimborne road, council) 294, 307 

Scottish: deacons' chairs. Trinity hall, 
Aberdeen, 344, 370; national por- 
trait gallery, Edinburgh, 584; table, 
trades hall, Aberdeen, 357 

Screens, church: Kenton. 418; Stanley 
(St. Anne) 5S4 : Trull, 407 

Sections: aeronautical buildings, na- 
tSonal (Teddington) 72; castle 
(Duart. Mull) 2S: churches (Copen- 
hagen street. N., Blessed Sacrament) 
148 (Leigh-on-Sea. fishermen's) 584 
(Sompting) 370. 383. 442 (Thornhill 
asylum) 222 ; entrance lodge (Thorn- 
hill asylum) 333: factory, munition 
(near London) 259 : floor, theatre 
(Toronto) 384: hospital (Thornhill 
asylum, isolation) 196 ; bouses (fire- ' 
proof) 459. 460 (Hampstead garden i 
suburb) 553 : laboratory (Hunter j 
street, school of medicine for ; 
women) 418. 431. 451 ; lunatic .isylum { 
(Thornhill) 270 : official block (Thorn- 
bill asylum) 205 ; recreation hall 
(Thornhill asylum) 196: theatre 
(Cardiff, Empire) 96; turbulent block 
(Thornhill asylum) 216; wall and 
counterpart. 146 

Sharnljrook house, additions to, 442 

Sheffield, university, second quad- 
rangle, 370 

Shore, improved, 594 

Sketches: church (Kenton. J. M:)cgre- 
gor) 418 (Newington. M. B. Adams) 
162 (Trull. J. Macgregor) 407; cot- 
tages (Robertsbridge. H. S. East) 
493: furniture. 593: village of Corfe 
castle (M. B. Adams) 544 

Slab, memorial, to Sir L. Alma- 
Tadema, St. Paul's cathedral, 320 

Sompting church, measured drawings 
(F. A. Crouch) 370, 383, 442 

South London women's hospital, Clap- 
ham common, 6 

,Southmead, Bristol, workhous« infirni- 

ury, 320 
stabling, Zakoziel, Grodno, 270, 28:1 
Stained glass window, St. Chad's 

church, Gateshead. 28 
Staircasi'ji: tiouse at Boston, Mass., 

:I44 ; Matone, decorations in, 394 
Stanley, Liverp^xil, war inemoritil 

screen, St. Anne's church, 581 
Stato chair, Salomons' collection, 

Station hotel (central), Glasgow, 172 
StatuJiry : Europe and Genoa (Custom, New York) :i94 ; Justice (Nor- 
wich I'nion building. Fleet street, 

E.C.) 394 
Steps, house built in, 583 
Stippolyte glass, 195 
Stock exchange, Liverpool, war tablet, 

Stres.-es in bowstring roof tTUss, 70, 

Sunningdale, house at Titlark's liill, 

Sutton Boniu'-'ton agricultural college, 


Sworil Ml Hallows Barking, -2911 

TABLE, oak. Trade.- hall, Aluideen, 

Tablets, war. Liverpool, 2-21 
radema. Sir L. Alma, memorial slab 

to, St. Paul's cathedral, 3-20 
Tea house, Woolley hall, Staidenhead. 


Technical, schools, Doncaster, 4S, CI 

Teddington, aeronautics buildings, na- 
tional physical laboratory, 72 

Theatres: Belfast, 101; Cardiff (Em- 
pire) 96. 109: Handsworth (.\lbion) 
48; Toronto (Princess) 384 

Thornhill county .asylum, Bamford. 

Bristol cathedral. 

Derbyshire. 172. 185, 196, 209. 

246, 270. 333 
Throne, bishop's, 

Titlark's hill, house at, Sunningdale. 

Toledo, bridge of, Alc;vntara. 24G 
Toronto, floor construction. Princess 

theatre, 384 
Town: halls, Pollokshaws, 370; plan, 

Iroquois Falls, Ont., 68 
Trades hall, Aberdeen, table in, 357 
Training school, nursery, Golder's 

Green, 222 
Trinity hall, Aberdeen, deacons' chairs 

in, 344, 370 
Trull church, pulpit, screen and bench 

ends, 407 
Truss, roof, bowstring, 70, 71 
Turbulent block, Thornhill asylum, 246 

UNIVERSITY. Sheffield, second quad- 
rangle, 370 

VECCHIO palace. Florence, doorway 

in. 172 
Voluntary aid detachment, A. A., 120 

WALHAMPTON house, loggia and 
colonnade, 222 

Wall : and counterpart, section of. 
146; tablets, Brownlow hill work- 
house and Stock Exchange, Liver- 
pool, 221 

Walton heath. Coneybury house, 6 

War : hospital. Karachi, 561 ; memorial 
fountain (1st design, C. E. Farey) 
148 ; memorial screen, St. -\nne's, 
Stanley, 584: monument, new county 
hall (1st design, Rickards and 
Poole) 118 

Warrington, St. Benedict's church 
and presbytery, 442, 484 

West IsUngton, church of Blessed 
Sacrament, Copenhagen street, 148 

Weston Acres house, Woodmansterne, 

Wevbridge: Gre.vwalls house, 72; 
Whiteley homes, Burhill, near, 72, 
504, 524, 533 

Whiteley homes, Burhill, 72, 504, 524, 

Williams Deacon's bank, Eccles, 19 

Window, founder's, St. Chad's church, 
Gateshead, 28 

Women: King's college for, Campden 
hill (quadrangle) 135 (Queen Mary's 
hostel) 122 (refectory) 122 : school of 
medicine for. 418. 431. 451 

Women's hospital, Clapham common. 

Woodmansterne, Weston .\cres house. 

Woolley hall. Maidenhead, tea house 
and pergola, 1-18 

Workhouse: Brownlow hill, Liverpool, 
war tablet. 221: infirmary, South- 
mead. Bristol, ,320 

Workmen's institute, Oakdale. 270 

YORK place, Portman square, London 
County and Westminster bank. 246 
Y'orkshire d:-e-ser and chair. 593 

ZAKOZIEL, Grodno, stabling, 270, 28:1 

July 5, 1916. 

Volume CXI. -No. 3209. 



Effingrham House, 

Cuneiite Caluino 1 

South London Hospital for Wonun. Chipliiun 

(.'onimon, S.\V - 

Vtli.Hiampton Hall. Dor.';etshire 3 

rin'iograpliic Studie.-; by Lord Carnarvon at the 

Camera Club 4 

Sir Rowand Andfr:?on Honjured at Kdinburuh ') 

1 'i ■ London County Council 5 

].■ .;;tl Intelligence . . . . . . 20 

Trade Movements 20 

Trade Notes 



and Trade Societies 

liuilding Intelligence ^ 

Trade Movements 

Our Offlee Table 

Parliamentary Notes 


To Correspondents 

To Arms! 

Meetings for tlie Knsuing Week .. 


List of Tenders Open 

20 Latest Prices 

Strand, W.C. 


The .South London Hospital for Women. South Side, 
Clapliam Common, S.W. Opened by H.M. the 
Queen, July 4, 1910. View and plans. Mr. M. 
E. Collins, F.R.I.B.A., Architect. 

Athelhampton, Dorsetshire, the Tudor seat of Mr. 
A. C. de Lafontaine. J. P., F.S.A. Er<'cted in 
the Fifteenth Century. Four views and plan. 

" Coneybury." Walton Heath, for Colonel S. H. 
Pollen. Messrs. Banister, Fletcher and Sons, 
FF.R.I.B.A., Architects. 

Messrs. Williams Deacon's Bank. Eccles. neax Man- 
chester. . Mr. W. Cecil Jackson, M.S. A., Archi- 

(Invxtntt Calanto. 
« * « 

Congratulations to all who have helped 
til throw out the S.E. and L.C. and D. 
Railway Bill for the aggravation of the 
hideousness of Charing Cross Railway 
Bridge, and esjjecially to Mr. John Burns, 
whose declaration on Monday, that the 
only decent thing Charing Cross Station 
had ever done was to fall down in 1905. 
. effectually sealed the fate of the Bill, m 
1 spite of all the humbug talked by its de- 
fenders, and the favouritism shown bv the 
I Board of Trade, which is stopping work 
i far more necessary. There is nothing to 
. add to the arguments of those who have 
; defeated this artful attempt to perpetuate 
' the atrocity. In case, however, the 
attempt is repeated, we ask all business 
" men to remember, if, as we are ti.pld, 
time is money, how many millions the 
travelling public have lost during the last 
thirty years, and how much the value cf 
li'Mise property in Kent and Surrey has 
'l'|ireciated owing to the delays on the 
I 111 way during that weary wait between 
l.i'iidon Bridge and Charing Cross, which 
lias delayed the day's wui'k and tried the 
nerves of thousands daily ? The truest 
charity to the railway company which so 
hmg has ignored its responsibilities t'l the 
public is to end as soon as possible the 
must egregious blunder its past ndmiiiis- 
ti.itors made. 

The House of Lords has, once more, as 

the ultimate Court of Appeal, come to 

the rescue of .Justice when tied down by 

technicality and tradition in the courts 

below. The imjiortant case, in which 

common .sense has at long last come to its 

own, is that of the Continental Tyre and 

■ Kubber Co. (Great Britain), Limited 

(Tiinns, July 1). This concern was duly 

. registered as an English company, .but 

levery shareholder was a Ccrnian, except 

tthe secretary, who had been naturalised, 

fand held one £1 share'. The conijiany 

had sued the Daimler Co., Limited, for a 

tii'le account. The legal point was 

" I'ther this German, and therefore 

1 iiiniy, company could sue in the English 

limits, so as to go on trading here as it 

liM- been doing during the war. The 

•' lut of Appeal (five judges out of six) 

I iiliimed the courts below in holding that. 

1,. Dig registered here, the coin))any w.-is 

English, and so could sue and trade in war 
as in peace. A strong bench of eight law 
lords has by six of them smashed "up the 
tlieory of the company as an abstract 
entity being legally English, although 
made up wholly of our German enemies. 
Lord Halsbury's judgment, brief and bold 
as usual, gave the cue by holding that, as 
the object aimed at by the company was, 
during war time, unlawful, so also were 
the means used. This cut through the 
barbed wire fencing of company law which 
had sheltered the Germans and let in the 
liglrt of sanity. So it is now clear that a 
ci.impany registered here, but entirely 
German, is an enemy trader, and cannot 
sue in the courts of this country. 

The experiences of Ravenna and Venice 
at the hands, of Austrian aviators have 
led the Italians to consider the ruin thai 
might be wrought on their beautiful cities 
by an Austrian invasion. A writer in the 
Rii-isfa 'J'Tfaliii considers seriously the 
question whether the young generation of 
Italian architects is )ilaced by the Govern- 
ment and the public in a position worthily 
to continue the glorious traditions of 
Italy's past. 'Thus :—" Let us not fool 
ourselves ; the time of the great encyclo- 
pedic artists, who often united the painter 
and sculptor and architect in one person 
— the time of Bramante, Lieonardo da 
Vinci, Raffael, Peruzzi, Michelangelo, and 
Beraiini — is gone for ever. Our time is a 
time of specialisation. Let us further not 
forget that the nineteenth century, while 
it w'itnessed an enormous progress in every 
branch of science, has been for art an 
epoch of transition only. We have to 
adapt it, and architecture in particular, 
to the needs of the time, which may be 
summed up in the one word : utili- 
tarianism. The monumental structure, 
understood in the abstract sense of its 
meaning, is for us. if not absolutely an 
anachronism, certainly the exception to 
the rule. These principles must be the 
guiding stars in the education of our 
future generation of arcliitects." 

.\fter surveying the great institutions 
ilevoted in the various countries to the 
training of architects, the writer declares 
that in his own country, the cradle of 
modern art, a proper public educational 
system for the benefit of architectural can- 
didates does not exist, every student hav- 

ing to look out for himself as best as he 
can. "At present architecture is only 
offered as a sort of side-dish in the , 
engineering schools or the academies of 
fine arts, which latter confer diplomas for 
architectural drawing only. Thus, ridicu- 
lous and incredible as it may seem, Italy 
has not only no special schools for archi- 
tecture, but the profession of architect, 
]n-operly speaking, does not exist at all. 
The young gjaduates of both the engineer- 
ing school and academies of fine arts are 
devoid of any solid technical or artistical 
education, and in spite of the high-sound- 
ing title of ' professor ' many of them are 
being burdened with, when entering prac- 
tical life, almost all doors are closed to 
them," Things have reached that point 
that the Italian architects considered it as 
a triumph of their cause when, at the 
occasion of the construction of the new 
.Milan railroad terminal, there was a 
special bid for the fa9ade ! As a rule the 
engineers are in charge of the entire con- 
struction of both private and public build- 
ings A natural consequence of this state 
of affairs, according to our authority, is 
" the average iesthetical vulgarity of 
modern Italian architecture " 

He continues ; — " Fortunately, in no 
country more than in Italy the individual 
often struggles with success against the 
deficiencies of communal and State organi- 
sations, against the dead hand of initia- 
tive-killing bureaucracy. Thus, in spite 
of all hindrances, we have some genial 
architects among us. We can point to 
some splendid structures. But these 
noble, sjioradic manifestations of our 
artistic genius count for very little when 
the spirit of decadence pervades the rest 
of the field. Nowadays, a genuine archi- 
tectonic style cannot be created without a 
profound study of art by our art-loving 
youth in the very centres of culture, from 
them to be spread throughout the arteries 
of the nation. As long as we liave not 
our special schools of architecture we 
cannot have even the beginning of a real 
national style, as we find it so highly de- 
veloi>ed in other countries. All we can 
count upon is individual tendencies, in- 
significant imitation of the foreigner. 
Strange, but it is a fact that we have not 
developed a typical Italian apartment- 
house, school, theatre, or liospital. In 
biirf, architecture, which funuerly was the 

rili: lUII.DING NEWS: No. :jL'0!). 

July 5, 1916. 

princess uiiuiiig Uie arts, hiis niiiong us 
become their luiinble servant. Tile various 
tine jirls liave separated tlicMiselves from 
it. leading tlieir own independent exist- 
ence ; the deoomtivo arts, which flourish in 
other countries, vegetate in ours. How 
long will it last ; what energj- will it need 
to re|>air the evil? " The author admits 
ill the further course of his essay tliat a 
modest Ix'ginning has K-en made recently 
at the Polytechnic Institutes of Milan, 
Turin, Palermo, and, to a certain extent, 
of Rome. But the average annual output 
of these schools does not exceed fifteen 
graduates of very mediocre professional 
training. The new school of architecture 
at Sienna, although not yet recognised as 
such officially, and the new courses at the 
Polytechnic and Academy of Fine Arts at 
Florence also promise good results. 

Quite apart from its suggestive value as 
a guide to the reinforcement of floor slabs 
and ground floors with the B.R.C. Fabric, 
made by the British Reinforced Concrete 
Company, Ltd., of 1, Dickinson Street, 
Manchester, their latest illustrated book- 
let is well worth applying for, with its 
most useful tables on pages 6 and 7, which 
show the size of Fabric to be used for 
various classes of floors over various 
spans. The tables are for floors continuous 
over a number of spans. They can be 
used for end spans and freely supported 
spans, as described on page 8. The work- 
ing stress allowed on the concrete is 
600 lbs. compression per square inch, and 
on the steel wire 25.000 lbs. tension per 
square inch. The tables provide the full 
factor of safety on the weight of the floor 
itself, in addition to the load given at tht; 
head of each table, which is the safe super- 
imposed load. The classes of work tabu- 
lated embrace roofs, offices and dwellings, 
schools, shops, and public buildings, ball- 
rooms and drill halls, warehouses, and 
structures containing heavy machinery. 
With these tables any architect or builder 
can at once determine the size of Fabric 
needed, with the utmost confidence in its 
perfect safety. 

Stencilling is so effective an aid to 
decoration that it is probably only the 
paucity of really good and practical de- 
signs that hinders its judicious and general 
adoption, and we are sure the Stencil Book 
just issued by Messrs. Lewis Berger and 
Son, of Homerton, will advantageously 
and effectually contribute to a desirable 
revival of the art. The Matone Series 
of stencils illustrated embraces no less 
than 106 examples in various styles and 
covering all requirements. Among the 
more notable designs we may mention a 
two-plate empire wreath and pendant, 
17 ins. deep by 19 ins. A three-plate 
modern treatment of flag, suitable for 
dining-room, large hall, or cafe ; 19^ ins. 
deep. A modern three-plate panel border 
based on the rose, for drawing-room, morn- 
ing-room, or boudoir decoration ; 3 ins. 
deep by 13 ins. : may be stencilled in four 
colours on a band of colour. A modern 
three-plate Jacobean frieze decoration, for 
dining-room, study, or smoke room ; panel, 
16^ ins. deep by 9| ins. ; border, 4 ins. 
deep by 18 ins. ; a modern three-plate 

frieze based on standard rose and birds, 
for hall, drawing-room, or lounge ; 18^ ins. 
deej) by 14 ins. ; border, 3^ ins. de<>p l)y 
15 ins. Two-plate Kmpire (Minel and 
swag ; 8-in. drop ; swag and pendant cut 
independently for panels. A modern six- 
plate frieze design, for large nursery or 
dining-room over plain filling ; 14^ ins. 
deep by 29 ins. Some very effective 
Georgian, Tudor, and Gothic designs are 
also given, and on pp. 19 and 20 some 
.Matone wall and ceiling stencils sjieeially 
designed for theatre work. The stencils: 
are all cut on a specially tough pajitT, 
which has been prepared reatly for im- 
mediate use in oil and spirit colours, and 
require no further preparation on the part 
of the decorator for such work, -while for 
use in distemper colours one thin coat of 
knotting is advised before using in the 
usual way. Architects and decorators 
should send . at once to Messrs. Lewis 
Berger and Son, Limited, Homerton, N.E., 
for a copy of this Stencil Book. 

In a preface to Mr. Ernest J. P. Benn's 
" Trade as a Science " (Jarrold and Son, 
pp. 184, 2s. 6d. net) Lord Burnham says 
that th'? future of our trade depends less 
on fiscal policy than on " the extent to 
which our manufacturers and traders re- 
gard trade as a science." Mr. Benn dis- 
cusses the relations of trade to politics, 
and suggests that our trade must be better 
organised before politics can deal effectu- 
ally with it. He would have strong 
trade associations under Government 
control, and his suggested model is 
founded on the report of the Engineers" 
Club of ^lanchester, made in November, 
1915. It would be one of the functions of 
a committee of the association " to 
arrange for the distribution of export 
orders between the members of the associa- 
tion." Mr. Benn sketches a scheme for a 
Ministry of Commerce, and it is on a hand- 
some scale, but he is not sure that we want 
one at all, because, if he does share Lord 
Burnham's horror of Manchester indivi- 
dualism, he has, too, " a very sti'ong 
feeling that Government interference in 
this matter, while of the first importance, 
should be very carefully regulated and 
strictly limited." The book is well worth 




Yesterday H.M. the Queen opened this 
hospital, which has been founded to meet 
the overwhelming demand of the female 
public for the services of female physi- 
cians and surgeons ; a demand which 
could not be sufficiently met by the exist- 
ing institutions. We to-day publish the 
three principal plans and a view of the 

The South London Hospital for Women 
is incorporated under the Companies Con- 
solidated Act, 1905, "To afford to poor 
women and women of small means the 
opportunity of obtaining medical and 
surgical treatment by qualified women, 
and to promote the medical education of 
women, as also to educate and train 
medical students and nurses in all pro- 
fessional duties." 

The site is on the east side of Clapham 
Common, and it has a frontage on the 
west side thereof to the high road. 

The total numljer of patients' beds in tli ■ 
present buildings will be 80, affording n 
ground area of 717 ft. super, per bed. 
1 he site lends itself to a hospital beiiii 
developwl so that the wards should n^ i 
hereafter be deprived of light or air b\ 
contiguous buildings. Garden space I'l 
the use of patients is afforded, and th" 
buihli'ngs are kept well back from th.' 
main road, thus avoiding noise and dust 
incidental to busy thoroughfares. 

Accommodation is provided for medical 
an<l surgical wards for adults, isolation 
wards, wards and rooms for paying 
])atients, full administrative block, nurses' 
and servants' liome, limited arrangements 
for students, departments for pathological 
research, for post-mortem, etc. ; also 
rooms for examinations and consultations 
for patients accredited to the institution 
by their respective medical attendants, 
apartment for .Xray and electric treat- 
ment (these latter not only for the use 
of in-patients but also for out-patients 
sent from the general out-patient depart- 
ment, as hereinbefore referred to). Ar- 
rangements lor open-air treatment for 
patients will be secured by forming all 
roofs as flats, and balconies for similar 
purpose* have been attached to all 
wards. Part of the building is hypo- 
thecated to a temporary children's ward, 
in order to afford accommodation for out- 
patient children requiring in-patient 
treatment. The administrative depart- 
ment and also the nurses and servants* 
home are made to afford accommodation 
for the additional staff required for future 
ward extensions. 

The elevations had t<) be perfectly 
simple. The buildings have been planned 
to secure a maximum economy in work- 
ing with a minimum annual expenditure. 
The construction is fire-resisting 
throughout, and thoroughly aseptic in 
every detail, all floors and walls to be 
rendered as impervious in finish as 
possible, and provision is made for escape 
in case of fire. A duplicated system is 
adopted for the central hot-water radia- 
tor heating and domestic heating, with 
steam heating for main sterilisers, 
warming operating block, etc.. the cooking 
to be effected by means of steam and gas. 
All wards and rooms in the administra- 
tive block and the domestic rooms in the 
nurses' and sei-vants' home have open fire- 
places. Natural ventilation is relied on, 
with all necessary extract and inlet flues. 

The wards are all cross-ventilated, each 
being isolated from any other ward or 
part of the hospital. Their lobbies have 
cross ventilation. The average floor area 
per bed is 116 ft. suDer. ; the average cubic 
air space per bed 1,500 ft. ; the space from 
centi-e to centre of the beds, 9 ft. All 
ward windows are "Austral" windows, 
to avoid draught when open and to pre- 
vent solid organic matter l>eing blown into 
the ward. Throughout the building the 
, greatest cai-e has been taken to avoid 
projections, and care has been taken to 
avoid all angles where air would be liable 
to stagnate, angular junctions being 
either splayed or finished rounded. All 
wards have walls and ceilings finished 
with special flat enamel. All doors to 
wards ire " Gilmour " pattern, abso- 
lutelv flush on both sides and with in- 
spection panels. 

The front elevation is finished in red 
brick with rubbed red-bvick arches and 
stono dressings. The elevations o! the 
wards, sanitary- and operating blocks are 
finished in hard, red Heather bricks. 

The nriin entrance faces Clapham Com- 
mon, and a short flight of stairs leads t 
the main hall. On the lower level, on 
the right of the stairs, is th© porter's 
lodge, and on the left, a room for 
stretchers, etc. On the upper level to 

July 5, 1916. 


left uf hall is the secretarial department, 
board room, staff room, with lavatory and 
cloakroom, secretary's and matron's 
offices. To the right is the patients' wait- 
ing room, with lavatory, the out-patients' 
consulting rooms, and dark room and elec- 
tric and -X-ray rooms. The main corridor 
leading to the hospital faces the entrance. 
On the left is the staircase for staff only. 

All in-patients enter the hospital 
through the inspecting and i-eoeiving 
room, having an entrance on right of the 
ai'i>roach, and pass out of this room into 
tlie main corridor and so to the wards. 
The main stairs has an electric elevator 
for patients and beds passing through the 
wellhole. On either side of the staircase 
landing are swing divisional doors to 
separate the stairs from each floor. 

The temporary children's ward is on 
right of corridor, having an open-air 
balcony, and next adjoining are two pri- 
vate wards for paying patients. At end 
of main corridor is a ward for 18 beds, 
and approached from right of main cor- 
ridor is a wardl for' S beds, both for 
medical cases. Each ward has an open- 
air balcony and external escape stairs. 
Adjoining each ward is an isolated sani- 
tary annex. A store for patients' clothes 
is centrally situated. Bath-rooms in con- 
venient positions are provided for the 
patients, also ward kitchens, and a linen 
store is next the main stairs and adjoining 
a housemaids' room. 

The first floor is arranged for surgical 
cases. Two wards for paying patients, 
each containing two beds, occupy the 
space of the children's ward, and eight 
private cubicles for paying patients are 
situate in the front of the building. The 
resident medical and students' rooms, 
with bath-rooms, lavatories, sinks, 
w.c 's, etc., are next the staff staircase. 

On the second floor, over the eight-bed 
ward below, is the operating block, 
reached by the main stairs and lift, and 
consisting of major and minor operating 
rooms, having nurses' and surgeons' sinks 
and lavatories, instrument cupboard and 
steriliser, with anaesthetic room and sur- 
geon's retiring room adjoining. 

The nurses' dormitories for twenty-eight 
nurses are placed at the east and west 
ends of this floor, with sanitary annexes. 
Hail'- washing room and visitors' room for 
the nurses are provided. 

The matron's bed and sitting-room, 
housekeeper's room, and sisters' rooms 
are centrally positioned. Facing Clap- 
ham Common are the nurses' sitting and 
silence rooms and the sisters' sitting- 

On the third floor are box-rooms, etc., 
entered from the flat roof. 

Disconnected from the rest of the 
building, the isolation block is entered 
from the flat roofs. There are two wards, 
each for two patients, nurses' bedroom 
•Tnd ward kitchen. Nurses reaeh and 
leave the isolation block by the staff 
stairs, and enter through the bath-room, 
where they change, and when leaving 
bathe and redress, departing by the staff 

The large flat over the eighteen-bed 
wards is arranged for the open-air treat- 
ment of patients. 

The servants, students, and trade en- 
trance is in the basement, approached by 
an incline from the main road. A corridor 
leads to the rear vards, where are situated 
i'he coal cellars, boiler house, extra-soiled 
linen washing-room, disinfector. stores, 
open-air lift, etc. On the left of the above 
corridor are the rooms for the encineers. 
The housekeeper's receiving office is 
placed to the front of the building, and 
the students' room, doctors' pantry, lava- 
tories, etc.. are opposite. On the right 
of main corridor is the principal kitchen. 

The nurses and servants' dining rooms, 
are located to the west and east of the 
kitchen. Facing the main stairs is the 
dispensary. At the east end of main cor- 
ridor are the servants' cubicles, having 
bath rooms, boot-cleaning room, lava- 
tories, etc. 

On the south side of the site is a one- 
storie<;l building containing post-mortem- 
room, deadhouse, mortuary chapel, with 
pathological laboratories adjoining. 

Mr. M. E. Collins, F.R.I.B.A., 9, Old 
Broad Street, E.C., is the architect. The 
consulting engineer is Mr. C. T. Walrond, 
A.M.I.C.E., 25, Victoria Street, S.W. 
The general contractors are Messi-s. 'Wil- 
liam Downs, Limited, Hampton Street, 
Walworth Road, S.E. The clerk of the 
works is Mr. John Davies. 

The Kleine Patent Fire-Resisting Floor- 
ing Syndicate, Limited, constructed the 
floors over the wards. They are built in 
one unbroken span of 26 ft. from wall to 
wall, the full width* of the ward, thus 
giving a level soffite without any project- 
ing beams, and also avoiding "pockets " 
on the ceiling where foul air can gather. 
As in all modern hospitals no right-angle 
junction of two plane surfaces are per- 
mitted, the large coves joining walls and 
ceiling over wards (which were to have 
been executed in plaster work) were 
utilised by the Kleine Co. as part of the 
floor construction, thus enabling the floor 
to be made only 11^ ins. thick. The use 
of brick also ensures there being no cracks 
in tlie plaster ceiling, another very neces- 
sary consideration in hosi^ital construc- 
tion. In the front block there is a still 
larger span of 30 ft., built on the same 
principle, and 12^ ins. thick. Messrs. 
Davis Bennett and Co. did the sanitary 
work; Messrs. James Slater and Co., 
Limited, the heating and cooking ; Messrs. 
Pinching and Walton, the electrical work ; 
Mr. Percy Day, the seamless flooring and 
austral windows ; the Borough Engineer- 
ing Co., the escape stairs and balconies; 
Messrs. W. James and Co., the steel win- 
dows, instrument cupboard, etc. ; Messrs. 
W. B. Simpson and Sons, the tiling and 
mosaic work to stall's, landings, etc. ; 
Messrs. Manlove, Alliott.'and Co., Limi- 
ted, the incinerator and disinfector ; the 
Teale Fireplace Co., Limited, the ward 
and other stoves, mantel-pieces ; Messrs. 
Waygood-Otis, Limited, the lifts. There 
is an electric passenger lift and bed lift of 
the latest push-button type. The other 
two lifts, one for dealing with food and 
the other for coal and linen, are also 
similarly full automatic in their action. 
The Gilmour Door Co. did the Gilmour 
doors, and Messrs. W. T. Allen and Co. 
ornamental ironwork. The asphalte work 
is by the 'N'al de Travei-s Asphalte Co., 
Limited, and the locks and locks furniture 
are by Messrs. Joseph Kaye and Sons, 



[with illustr.ations.] 
This beautiful old Tudor Manor House, 
or Hall, of which we give four views and 
a plan to-day, is situate hard by the 
parish of Puddletown.* As the crow flies, 
it is about five miles from Dorchester, 
some nine miles to the west of Wareham 
and twenty-three miles by i-oad from 
Bournemouth. The old parish church of 
Athelhampton was pulled down in the 
middle of the last century, and the exist- 
ing church on the site was built in 1862 

* PnddletowB Church and the tombs of the 
Martyns, for which it is so faniooB, were described, 
with some illiiHtrations and plaits of the building, in 
our iHiua for March 18, 1910, when the question raised 
about the rebuilding of the demolished chancel was 
being discussed. Since then the work haa been carried 
out under the direction of Mr. C. E. Ponting, F.S.A. 

from the designs of Mr. Thomas Hardy, 
CM., who subsequently relinquished 
architecture and has since won fame as 
the leading British novelist of his time. 
The history of Athelhampton goes back to 
Saxon days, and it is said that King 
Athelstan had a palace thereabouts ; 
hence, we are told, comes the origin of the 
name. The earliest lords known to records 
of the jjlace were the Loundres and 
Pydeles, who came from Fiance. The 
property afterwards passed to the Mar- 
tyns. an ancient family flourishing long in 
Pembrokeshire and Devon. Sir William 
Martyn of Athellmmpton ordered by his 
will in 1504 that his body sliould be buried 
close at hand in the Chapel of St. Mary 
Magdalen in the church at " Pyddleton," 
and his son Christopher is commemorated 
by a mural brass set up to the east of the 
same sanctuary in 1524. His grandson, 
Robert Martyn, made considerable addi- 
tions to this house, and the oriel window 
of the now removed gatehouse bears still 
the arms ui Martyn quartered with those 
of Kelway. .Authorities have assumed that 
the west wing ol this domicile may be 
rightly ascribed to the same period. The 
Tichbournes appear to have acquired a 
holding here, among other belongings, but 
subsequently they sold their share in this 
estate of the Martyns to Brune. Later on 
we know that about 1594 Henry Brune 
held a moiety of the "Manor of Pyddle- 
ton." Mary, heiress of John Brune, 
brought the inheritance to Sir Ralph 
Bankes, of Corfe Castle, and Sir Robert 
Long, who was buried in Westminster 
Abbey, being Secretary of State to Charles 
II., bought the property from the Bankes 
in 1665. It was probably about this time 
that the " Merrie Monarch" stayed at 
Athelhampton, giving lasting designations 
to some of its chambers. 'The estate re- 
mained in the possession of the Tylney- 
Long family till the commencement of the 
nineteenth century, when, in 1812, 
Catherine, daughter and legatee of Sir 
James Tylney-IiOng, married William 
Pole-Tylney-Long, the fourth Earl of 
Mornington, a nephew of the great Duke 
of Wellington. After this date the house 
was rented by a Mr. Balston, a farmer ; 
subsequently a Mr. Wood occupied the 
property, and- his family in 1891 disposed 
of it, with the estate of 125 acres, to the 
present owner, Mr. A. C. de Lafontaine, 
.LP., F.S..\. By that date considerable 
havoc, with sorry consequences, had been 
played with much of William Martyn's 
work, which in parts had been swept 
away, while earth and rubbish had been 
freely heaped up against the lower codrses 
of the walling. The gatehouse, with its 
adjacent enclosing walls to the forecourt, 
and also the small church hard by, were 
ruthlessly demolished about 1862. Fortu- 
nately, the masonry of the gatehouse, in- 
cluding its admirable oriel window, has 
been preserved and carefully kejit, with 
the intention of somebody re-erecting that 
structure. Accurate drawings, too, of the 
fabric exist, and illustrations of this gate- 
house will be found in Parker's " History 
of Domestic Architecture of England," 
Vol. III., page 178, as well as in Messrs. 
Thomas Garner and Arthur Stratton's 
"Domestic Architecture of England 
During the Tudor Period," a monumental 
folio in two volumes published by Mr. 
B. T. Batsford, who has lent us the accorn- 
panying plan of the premises which is 
given to-day in order more fully to show 
the lay-out of this excellent specimen of 
the style. The immediate environment is 
less formal than was gradually assumed 
later on in the Stuart period, and de- 
veloned on Dutch patterns by the archi- 
tects of the Later Renaissance, as in the 
days of William and Mary. 

The specially taken photographs repro- 
duced among our inset plates to accom- 

TlIK Blll.DIXi; NKWS: No. ;j2U!). 

J I 

LV .J, 


paiiy tlif»e iiutos |iO!<sess an additional in- 
(iM'ost just now, becnusp .Messrs. Knight, 
(•'rank and Riitley. tlu- well-knuwn L' ndun 
agents, will iiffer this |iio|iei'ty at .\lliel- 
liampton at inibtic auction, by order o( 
the (iwiier, on the 2tli inst., at their sale- 
rooms ill Hanover Square. 

When Mv. de T.afoiitaiue bought thi' 
Hall he set to work to repair it. and lie 
has carefully restored inuili tint iiad luen 
injuied durinp the nineteenth century. 
The portions of the ileseorated house were 
thus sympathetically treated with no 
small knowledge and in conf^irmity with 
good taste. The apartments throughout 
have trradually been filled with uncom- 
monly good Old English furnituie. For 
instance, there are some very early and 
int.eresting Gothic buffets carved with 
representations of "The Annunciation" 
and "The Passion" in the hall, and in 

anil rises from 40 to 50 ft. high. Tho 
original stone paving is intact, and the 
unusually long panels of rich linen-folded 
patterns of the screen deserve sjiecial 
attention, as they are all original. The 
other wainscoting, which is in scale with 
the old work. is. we believe, modern ; but, 
if so, it h.ivmouises thoroughly well. 

"The King's .VnteCliaml)er " is reached 
through the oriel dour, which is the ori- 
ginal one. and the arrangement ajijiears 
on tile accompanying plan. The tireback 
of this a|iartnient represents Charles II. 
on horseback, and the fireplace itself is of 
Tudor work built into this wing. Beyond 
I lie ante-room is a curious circular stair, 
known as " The King's AVay," which 
serves as a reminder of his Majesty'.* 
methods and habits. This round stair is 
partly of wood and partly of stone. ver> 
similar to that still to be seen at AVolver- 



Plan of lay out, showing position of demolished church and gatehouse. 

iFrom Garner and Stratton's " Domestic Architecture of the Tuilor PerioO. ' Batsford.) 

lium," or Soiilli Walk, in the gardens, 
has a thoroughly typical air of the past 
about it, with herbaceous borders on 
either side and a stone-built summer-liouse 
at the end of the vista. The ancient 
thatched stabling, lit by severjil little 
Tudor wind'iws, quaintly stands close to 
ilie light of the now sumewliat incoiise- 
ipiential forecourt. The south front of the 
house is an extremely interesting and un- 
commonly well-balanced piece of design. 
The windows in this elevation overlook 
" The (ireen Court." . 

Wp have not hitherto seen this favade 
illustrated in any architectural book or 
serial publication, so that we gladly give 
the accompanying view to-day. The detail 
which it displays is less ambitious in 
character than that which occurs abmit 
the forecourt frontispiece, where the hall 
and oriel appear. The whole building > 
necessarily marked, of course, by the 
vicissitudes of time and of successive 
ownerships, but it still remains harmoni- 
ously line and true to the beauties of the 
Engiisli Tudor style, more or less modifieil 
by subsequent changes such as inevitably 
iiiiist occur. We hope shortly to give an 
interior of the hall to illustiafe its roof, 
and also a view of the hall outside, giving 
the oriel window in the corner of the 
grouping. The ISth Century circular cul- 
verhouse or dovecot for 1,000 birds still 
remains, and appears figured on the 
accompanying plan, with its tall conical 
roof coinciding well with the house. 

the "State Chamber" stands a most 
handsome four-post bedstead of Late 
Elizabethan character, made, it is thought. 
in the reign of Edward VI. We under- 
stand that the vendor is prepared also to 
part with this admirable assemblage of 
furniture as it stands. The hall is entered 
by a two-story crenellated jiorcli attri- 
buted to the time of Edward IV., probably 
because his badge occurs in the carved 
enrichments of its massive oak and 
original door. The very commanding and 
really noble open-timber-framed roof of 
the hall has gilt bosses, and it is contem- 
porary witii the walls of this structure. 
which is evidently earlier than the rest of 
the house. A view of the roof figures 
among the illustrations of Parker's 
" Glossary of Gothic Architecture," plate 
178. and it is there ascribed to ciicn 1508. 
There are three handsome Tudrir windows 
in the hall besides the beautiful tall oriel 
with its groined ceiling and traceried 
walling, all executed in masonry. The 
Martyns built this hall, and it measures 
neavlv 40 ft. long bv 21 ft. 6 ins. wide. 

ton and at Sandford (^rcas. " The Long 
Gallery." with a rich, broadly-treated 
Elizabethan-Iike plaster ceiling, has some 
good original heraldic glass in its five 
Late Gothic windows. " The Great Par- 
lour," of which we print a view, is entered 
from the "King's Ante-Chamber" through 
a sliding panel which forms part of tl»e 
wainscoting with which this apartment is 
lined up to the frieze level, and its ceiling, 
too, has a rich effect. The house is built 
of warm-coloured Ham Hill stone fi->r the 
walling, the same as other stone buildings 
of a like date in this part of England. 
The dressings and details are built of Por- 
tisham stone masonry. Nicholas Martyn 
added the north wing. He died in 1596. 
The modern walled gardens at Athelhamp- 
ton. which are now so well matured, are 
among the most successful and charming 
of their kind to be seen anywhere. The 
upper terrace and the "corona." with the 
tall and splendid wrought-iron gateway, 
make delightful pictures, and there is also 
the " River Walk," naturally more rural, 
but equally old-fashioned. The " li'ola- 

phot(x;raphic studies by lord 
carxarvox at the camera 


A display of between fifty and sixty 
choice photographic studies by the Earl of 
Carnarvon, one of our mcKst painstaking 
and accomplished amateur photographers, 
is on view on the walls of the 
Camera Club, 17. John Street, Adeljihi, 

With two or thr?e e.xceptions, the e.x- 
hibits are portraiture, and that of vei-y 
high technical excellence, and show a 
felicitous choice of attitude and remark- 
able characterisation. The only archi- 
tectural study is No. 40, the interior of 
St. ilark's, Venice, looking upon the 
southern ambo. Light falls on the marble 
front of the gallery and the arcade and 
Corinthian columns, by which it is car- 
ried, on the altar and on the bronze figure 
of the suffering Saviour upon a huge cru- 
cifix between it and the low octagonal 
pulpit, and all the rest — vault, pavement, 
and seating — are wrapt in gloom. Another 
fine work is No. 17, " The Fount^iin." 
curvetting jbronze horses on a marble 
basin, with a hazy background of indeter- 
minate spray. A conspicuous portrait is 
an excellent study of " The Connoisseur" 
(X^o. 16). in which the Marquis of Ripon 
is shown as studiously examining an 
ornate vase; the black frockcoat and waist- 
coat almost insensibly merge into the in- 
tensely dark background, and only the 
head and face in three-quarter profile are 
illumined. Another characteristic man's 
portrait is No. 28. " Professor Newberry." 
who leans forward as though addressing 
his class. No. 25, " Captain R. Cruise." 
shows the subject in khaki, seated in an 
armchair in a strained attitude, with chin 
resting on his left hand, as though en- 
deavouring to solve some abstruse prob- 
lem. No, 10, " E, Marshall Hall," is a 
milder and less aggressive pose of the 
eminent K,C, than as we have observed 
him in the courts or in the House. No. 
27 is not so successful as a portrait as 
many of the others. 

But it is in catching the charm and 
daintiness of effect of ladies' ))ortraiture 

Ji LV 5, if)16. 


tliat Loiil Carnarvon excels as an artist. 
AiiiunL; the most graceful and efiective of 
til. ISO shuwn we may select No. 2, " The 
I'ur Cap " ; Xo. 14, a seated girl, with up- 
lifted face wreathed in smiles; No. 18, 
■■ Parisiann," holding in both hands a 
kitten behind her head; No. 22, " Dora," 
a brilliant study of sunlight falling on 
the three-quarter face and bust of a 
figure otherwise in gloom; No. 26, "The 
Hun. Mrs. K. Bethell," who is looking 
down witli an air of thoughtful contem- 
plation. " Two Ages of Women," No. 
33, a pretty girl holding for comparison 
with her youthful features the wrinkled 
mask of an aged woman, is apparently 
the same model as No. 43, and we fancy 
we trace her lineaments in other studies. 
No. 54, " Le Voile," is a dexterous treat- 
ment of a diaphanously veiled damsel. 
who bends forward, her head resting on 
her clasped hands so as to bring out the 
full beauty of her contour. No. 53 is a 
pretty study of a child's head, and in 
Nos. 42 and 52 we hare charming women 
costumed as Pierrots. No. 9, "A Nude 
Study," is that of a kneeling girl seen in 
profile. The pose of No. 48, where the 
model . is blowing a bubble, naturally de- 
tracts somewltat from its native grace. 
Tlie exhibition will be open, between 11 
a.m. and 5 p.m.. until the 29th inst., and 
will Well repay a visit. 


Sir R. Ruwaiul Anderson, LL.D , R S A 
who recently received the Royal Gold iledal 
ot the Royal Institute of British Architects, 
was last Thursday entertained to luncheon iii 
the Caledonian Station Hotel, Edinburgh and 
presented with an address bv the Architec- 
tural Societies of Scotland^ Jlr. T F 
-Maclennan, president of the Edinburgh Archi- 
tectural Association, occupied the chair. The 
company numbered about 100, and included 
Lady Anderson, Miss Dewar, Lord Provost 
Sir Robert Inches, Sir J. H. A. .Macdonald, 
G.L.B., Sir James Balfour Paul-, C.V Sir 
John J. Burnet, LL.D. Glasgow, Sir .John 
Cowan, Sir Robert Lorimer, Professor Bald- 
win Brown, and the Rev. Dr. Wallace 
\\ illiamson. 

The Lord Provost, who had gone to London 
to receive the medal, on account of the indis- 
position of Sir Rowand Ander.son, expressed 
the great pleasure it had given him to perform 
that httle service during his term ol office, 
and the great pleasure it now gave him tri 
hand the medal over to Sir Rowand. It was 
the first time the medal had come to Scotland 
since it was instituted sixty-eight years ago, 
and he hoped that others would soon follow. 
In the name of the four architectural societies 
of Scotland, Sir .John Burnet thereafter pre- 
sented an address of congratulation, in which 
reference was made to the magnificent record 
of Sir Rowand Anderson's accomplished work 
as an architect, and to the invaluable services 
he had rendered to the cause of architectural 
education. Proceeding to propose the health 
of their guest, 

Sir John Burnet said they felt that no 
address, how jver worded, could adeqyately 
express their feelings towards their guest, and 
they were met together, some of them from 
distant parts of Scotland, believing that their 
presence could better convey to him than any 
mere words the high esteem in whicli he was 
held by his colleagues in Scotland, and their 
sense of indebtedness to him for the way in 
•.which he had met the great opportunities' en- 
trusted to him alike by public boards and 
private citizens. By the integrity of purjiose 
which characterised" all his work,' by his con- 
structive powers, his knowledge of the crafts. 
and his high ideals in architecture he had 
maintained and developed that high tradi- 
tion of craftsmanship for which Scotland had 
.so long been conspicuous. With that tribute 
he associated Lady Anderson. 

Remarks in support of the address were 
also delivered by Mr. Harbourne Maclennan. 
Aberdeen; Mr. G. P. K. Young, Perth (of 

the Dundee Society of Architects) ; Mr. Paul 
Waterhoose, M.A., Vice-President of the 
Royal Institute of British Architects; and the 

Sir Rowand Anderson expressed his deep 
thanks for the great honour conferred on him 
by the Royal Institute, his indebtedness to 
Lord Provost Inches, wdio had honoured the 
whole body of architects in Scotland by wdiat 
he had done, and his gratification at receiving 
so generous a tribute f-om his brother archi- 
tects. It was equal to that which he had re- 
ceived when there was conferred upon him the 
highest honour to which any architect might 

Sir J. H. A. Macdonald thereafter proposed 
the' toast of "The Architectural Societies of 
Scotland," to which Sir Robert Lorimer 
replied, and the proceedings terminated. 
>—••*--« ■ 

At the meeting of the London County 
Council yesterday (Tuesday) afternoon the 
Finance Committee recommended that sanc- 
tion be given to the Fulham Borough Council 
for borrowing £2,500 for electricity purposes 
(£1.500 for the extension of condensing 
water pipes and £1,000 for mains extensions) 
and to the Woolwich Borough Council for 
borrowing £1,400, part of a total sum of 
£5,673, , for strengthening and improving 
Harrow Manorway and Sewell Road, Plum- 
stead. The same committee reported that 
the accounts for the year March 31 last rela- 
tive to the woi'king-class dwellings and lodg- 
ing houses owned by the Council show a net 
surplus on all dwellings and estates in course 
of development of £11,610, as compared with 
£14,393 for 191415, and £15,877 for 1913-14. 
The decrease in the surplus as compared with 
1914-15 is due chiefiy to increases under the 
heads of taxes, lighting, heating, and in- 
surance, and to allowances to officers and em- 
ployees serving with H.M. Forces. The 
latter amounted to £3,255, as against £862 
in 1914-15. The increases in expenditure are, 
however, to a considerable extent counter- 
balanced by improved lettings generally 
during the year, the decrease in the loss due 
to empty tenements being £3,251. The total 
capital expenditure of the Council on its 
working-class dwellings and estates amounted 
at Maixh 31, 1916, to £3,080,814, the ex- 
penditure in 1915-16 of £24,168 being wholly 
under the Housing Act. The net capital ex- 
penditure on schemes for the clearance of in- 
sanitary areas under Parts I. and II. of the 
Housing Act amounted at March 31, 1916, to 
£2.703.635, of which £39.056 (wholly in re- 
spect of the Tabard Street scheme) was ex- 
pended in 1915-16. The total financial re- 
sult from the commencement of the Council's 
dwellings operations, 1894, up to March 31. 
1916, is a surplus on dwellings of £76.901 
and a deficiency in respect of estates in 
course of development of £84,596. The net 
resultant charge on the rates for the whole 
of the operations has been £6,555, after 
taking into account contributions of £1,240 
from tramways account towards the annual 
deficiencies on the Hughes Field dwellings. 

It was reported that the greater part of 
the county secondary school at Clapton, for 
which the -tender of Messrs. L. H, and R. 
Roberts was accepted on .June 30, 1914, was 
now occupied. 

The establishment committee reported 
that as a matter of urgency, leave ot absence 
without pay had been granted to Mr. S. W. 
Bensted, a senior assistant, and Mr. H. W. 
Line, an assistant in the first class, in the 
architect's department, in order they might 
undertake certain work in connection with 
the war for H.M. -Office of Works. 

The housing committee stated that during 
the year accommodation has been provided 
at White Hart Lane estate, Tottenham, and 
at Norbury estate for 334 persons in. 47 cot- 
tages, couqirising 23 of four rooms, 6 of 
three rooms and small additional bedroom, 
and 18 of three rooms. Altogether, accom- 
modation for 58,275 per.sons was provided by 
the Council up to March 31. 1916, the accom- 
modation consisting of 1,874 cubicles in 
three lodging-houses, 3,449 cottages and cot- 
tage flats, and 6,420 tenements in block 
dwellings. In additinti, the Council is man- 
airinc;, on behalf of H.M. Commissioners of 

Works, etc., 1,296 cottages at Well Hall 
estate, Woolwich, containing 5,556 rooms. 
These cottages comprise 113 of six rooms, 
358 of five rooms, 513 of four rooms, and 
212 of three rooms. 

In connection with the widening of St. 
Martin's-le-Grand, Gresham Street, and the 
corner of Cheapside, consequent on the demo- 
lition of the old General Post Office, towards 
which, in October, 1913, the Council agreed 
to contribute one-half the cost, not to exceed 
£77,500, the Commissioners of H.M. Works 
now proposed to the Council and the City 
Corporation a modification of the line of 
widening opposite Newgate Street, conse- 
quent on the finally settled plan for the 
proposed new building being at that point 
about 3 ft. in advance of the boundary agreed 
upon. As the Commissioners were willing to 
surrender in exchange an additional strip ot 
land at the corner ot St. Martin's-le-Grand 
and Gresham Street, it was recommended by 
the Improvements Committee that the pro- 
posal be acceded to. It was stated that a 
similar report sanctioning the change in plans 
would be submitted to the City Corporation 
by a Committee. 

The Building Acts Committee reported as 
follows as to district surveyors: — "We have 
agreed to Mr. R. Elsey Smith, district sur- 
veyor for West Wandsworth, retaining the 
Chair of Architecture and Bmlding Construc- 
tion at Univei-sity College for one year from 
July 31. 1916. We have appointed Mr. P. 
I. Elton, district surveyor for Putney ana 
Roehampton, to be interim district surveyor 
for the district ot St. Margaret, St. John 
the Evangelist, and the Close of the Colle- 
giate Church of St. Peter, We.stminster, as 
on and from June 1, 1915, in place ot Mr. 
Edward Dru Drury, who resigned as from 
May 51. 1916. ilr. Elton's appointment is 
of a temporary nature, and will continue 
only during the Council's pleasure. Mr. 
Drury had been a district surveyor for forty- 
six years, "and upon his resignation we gave 
instructions for a letter to be sent to him 
expressing our appreciation of the efficient 
manner in which during this long period he 
had always performed his duties. We have 
oecided to take no action at present with a 
view to the termination of the appointment 
of Jlr. P. Huater, district surveyor for" the 
district ot Lambeth, South, who will be sixty- 
five years of age in September next. We 
propose to consider the matter further in 
twelve months' time. We have agreed to the 
appointment of deputy di.strict surveyors in 
six cases." The Committee reported that 
during the first three months 858 notifications 
were received as to structures alleged to be 
in a dangerous state. Surveys showed that 
in 66 cases the structures were not in a dan- 
gerous condition, and that further action 
was unnecessary ; in 802 cases notices re- 
quiring the removal ot the danger were 
served upon the owners, 328 of these refer- 
ring to walls other than party, 286 to chim- 
ney stacks and shafts, and 111 to roots and 
ceilings, 92 to parapets and cornices, and 85 
to fence walls and gate piers. In only 
sixteen cases was it neces.sary to take action 
where magistrates' orders had not been com- 
plied with. 

In the annual report on technical institutes 
it was stated that the boys trained in the day 
technical schools ot the School ot Building 
were all placed in satisfactory situations, and 
in the main in trades or professions for 
which they were ^trained at the school ; the 
recommendations of old boys, .some of whom 
have now attained positions of responsibility, 
were ot material assistance in this respect. 
One of the evening students was appointed 
architect under the British South Africa 
(Chartered) Company, and high awards and 
prizes were obtained in the City and Guilds 
of London Institute examinations. .A certain 
amount ot research work was done during the 
session, and many educationists from the 
United Kingdom and the Dominions visited 
the school. 

Mr. John Jamieson, assistant sanitary in- 
spector, Aberdeen (a joiner by trade), has been 
appointed burgh surveyor and sanitary in- 
spcf-tor for Invcrgoi'don, at a salary of £180 
)ii'r annum. 

• -f^ 








' -ft 




OPENED 1;Y H.M. the QUEEN, JULY 4, 1916.— Mr. M. E. Collins, F.R.I.B.A., Architect. 




THE BUILDING i«)fl ;, 


jILY 5, 1916. 

ENED BY H.M. THE QUEEN, JULY 4, 1916.— Mr. M. E. Collins, F.R.I.B.A., Architect. 






Mr. W. Cecil Jackson, M.S. A., Architect. 


THE BUILDLNG M:\\S: Ao. ;}2Uy. 



©ur JUustratians. 

THK SOITH LUNIK i.\ Hw>i'ii.\l, FUR 
A full description of this important build 
iiig, which Wiis opened by the Queen yester- 
day, is given in our first article this week. 


Some interesting partioulars of this historic 
Tudor Alanor House, which is to be sold b\ 
Messrs. Knight, Frank, and Rutley on the 
20lh instant, will be found in our second 
article on another page. 


This house was erected for Colonel S. H. 
Pollen to the design of Messrs. Banister 
Fletcher and Sons, FF.R.I.B.A. It is situated 
on the top of Walton ,Heuth, near Lower 
Kingswood, and overlooks the whole of the 
picturesque heath so well known to golfers. 
The is constructed with waDs of 2-in., 
plum-coloured bricks with cherry-red quoins, 
plinth, and angle* to chimney stiicks, with 
Joints left rough from the trowel. A fea 
tare of the e.xterior is the small pent-roofs 
over the ground Hoor windows and entrance 
porch, providing space', lor sun blinds on 
this fa<;ade. The roofs $re covered with old 
Horsham stone slabs laid in graduating 
courses. ITiese wei-e obtained from some old 
and dilapidated cottages which had Ijeen 
pulled down. The accommodation on the 
ground Hoor consists of entrance hall, dining 
hall, living room, study, servants' hall, 
kitchen, scullery, loggia, and usual offices. 
On the first floor, six bedrooms and twvr 
bathrooms. On the second floor, three bed- 
rooms and store-room. The whole of the 
ground floor is laid in pitch pine wood 
blocks with the exception of the entrance 
hall, which is of stone flagging. The interior 
is of simple character, the outstanding fea- 
tures being the fireplaces, which were de- 
signed in stone, brick and tiles, the timber 
ceilings and the oak staircase. The general 
contractors for the work were Messrs. T. H. 
Kingerlee and Son, of Oxford, and the 
special bricks were suppUed by Messrs. Thos. 
Lawrence and Sons, o£ Bracknell. The house 
is lit by electricity generated by a special 
plant fitted for the purpose. The drainage 
work included the treatment of sewage upon 
a system designed b.v the arcliitect, and 
this work was carried out by Messrs. W. 
and R. Rawlings, of Kensington. The 
garden close to the house is laid out in a 
formal manner with paths of irregular stone 
slabs with summer house, sundial and dove- 
cot, and is well screened by yew hedges 
from the outer gardens and paddock. 

This new building is situate in Church 
Street, Eccles, near Manchester, on the site 
of the " Olde Thatche," which was said to 
be the original Eccles Cake Shop. The 
exterior is in Portland stone. The archi- 
tect is Mr. W. Cecil Jackson, M.S.A., Ches- 
terfield, and the general contractors are 
Messrs. .Wm. Thorpe and Son, Cornbrook, 

The town council of Gourock have unanim- 
ously resolved not to proceed further with the 
consideration of a scheme for the erection 
of workmen's dwelling-houses. Plans sub- 
mitted by the master of works of houses at 
Rosyth, together with an estimate of the cost 
of erecting similar houses in Gourock, showed 
that this would be about 25 per cent, more 
than the cost of the Rosyth houses, leaving 
entirely out of account the cost of streets, 

Grantham Town Council on Tuesday in last 
week interviewed five selected candidates for 
the post of borough surveyor, vacated owing 
to ill-health by Mr. W. Wright, and eventually 
appointed Mr, J. H. Drew, for the past four 
years engineer to the urban district council 
of Wath-upon-Dearne, and preniously holding 
a similar post at Horbury, at a commencing 
salarj' of £200 a year. In connection with the 
Wath sewerage scheme, which is Hearing com- 
pletion, the council paid Mr. Drew a special 
fee of £600. and the Grantham Town Council 
has agreed to allow him to act as engineer for 
the scheme until its completion. 


Si'KM Kii. .Santo ami Co. \ 11. .\l. Office 
OF WoiiKS.- Thi.'- protracted anion, brought b.v 
the di'bcntiu'e holders of tht* plaintilV c<.>nipany, 
a firm of builders, for £97.107, the bulani-e 
ullegoil to be due on xhr contr.act for building 
the new I,{>eal Goverinnent Board Offices in 
Parliament St|-eet, is still bt-ing heard bv Mr. 
rolUuk. Official Kelen-. , at the Ui)yal Comls of 
Justice, .\fter a short i>ostponeinent, l),\ con- 
sent, the examination of the second witness, 
Mr, Francis Ruddle, the manager of the plain- 
tiiF company, was re-opened on Thursday in 
last week. The cross-examination by Sir 
Reginald Adand, K.C, for the Crown, fol 
lowed, and the re-examination by Mr. Holman 
Gregory, K.C, was concluded yesterday (Tues- 
day) afternoon. The case is now expected to 
go forward on five days each week until it is 
brought to a close. 

Land Plots at Anzac-ox-Sea.— B.\illie axu 
PrestO-N v. Nevillk. — In the Chancery Division 
on Wednesday. Mr. Justice Neville gave judg- 
ment in the action brought by ele\en piaintifls, 
selec^ted as representing 125 plaintiffs, against 
Charles William Neville, trading as the South 
Coast Land and Resort Company, against 
whom the plaintiffs, demaiuling rescission of 
their contracts and repayment of the three 
guineas they !«ad each paid for the conveyance 
of their freehold plots, alJeged fraudulent mis- 
representation. Defendant offered to submit 
to judgment for rescission and repayment, but 
refused to withdraw his. defence denying the 
allegations of fraud. The Judge decided that 
the iilaintiffs were entitled to proceed on the 
main charge, whereupon the defendant, with 
his counsel and solicitors, left the court. As 
reported in our last issue (p. 636). evidence 
was given by the plaintiffs to the effect that 
they paid their money on the faith of repre- 
sentations contained in pamphlets sent them 
by the defendant, which they afterwards foimd 
to be false. — Mr. Justice Younger, giving 
judgment, remarked that the advertisement 
was well calculated to appeal to the vanity, 
not to say the cupidity, of the public, as was 
shown by the fact that more than 80.000 
persons sent in suggestions for the name. The 
pamphlet called "Answers to Queries" sent 
to the plaiiTtilfs stated that fifty consolation 
prizes had been awarded ; that the vendor 
would provide all roads ; that the purchasers 
would have no obligation to fence the plots ; 
that building had already begun on adjoining 
estates ; and that many thousands of people 
had become interested in the estate. The 
plain meaning which the statements were in- 
tended to convey was that the estate was in 
active development, and that many thousands 
of persons had become interested in it as 
purchasers; and that the prize awards were 
strictly limited in number to fifty persons, who 
would receive pk)ts eeiual in value to those 
already on sale for £50. The facts were that 
to the present time there had been no de- 
velopment of the estate, which was wholly on- 
suited for a building estate, and no one was 
likely to purchase a plot of the size offereel 
for £50. The surveyor called estimated the 
expenditure on the estate up to the present 
time at £350, including the erection of an 
office. Not oidy were the awards not limited 
to fifty, but they amounted to 2,445, of whom 
2.442 had paid to the defendant three guineas 
each, and his profit was estimated at £6,872. 
The conveyances sent to the plaintiffs con- 
tained restrictions on the purchasers, but no 
covenants by. or obligations on, the vendor to 
make roads or fence off the plots. There was 
no system of drainage, water, or lightin,? ; no 
plots were staked out, and it was impossible, 
even for a qualified surveyor, to identify the 
plots allotted to the different plaintiffs ; and 
it was estimates! that to make up the roads 
alone would cost the owner of each plot £50. 
It was not possible or permissible at present 
for any building to take place, in accordance 
with the by-laws of the Newhaven Council. In 
his opinion the plots were absohil>el.v and en- 
tirely worthless. Each of the plaintiffs called 
had stated that he believed that he was pay- 
ing the three guineas for the legal expenses 
of the conveyance. The defendant had re- 
ceived 2.442 of these three guineas, and he 
(Mr. Justice Younger) was satisfied that the 
legal expenses of the conveyance were sub- 
stantially nil. The conveyances were impressed 
with a sixpenny stamp, duly adjudicated, 
which showed tliat the defendant must have 
represented to the authorities that the con- 
sideration for the purchase was three guineas, 
and had not informed them the value of each 
plot was £50. which plot was awarded for 
nothing, in which case the stamp would have 
been 5s. Instead of receiving an advantage, 
each plaintiff had received something abs 

cliargee of deliberate fraud hud been mada 
against the dcfemlant, which he did not chooie 
lo meet, and he had only himself to blaino 
if the Court ceinvict<'d liini of tri<'kery and 
dishonour. His Lordship was satisfied that 
the scheme was a citiver fraud, and each of 
those plaintilfe was entitled to judgment for 
re.>*cission of his contract and for return of his 
money arwl costs, with a <leclaration that ilio 
contract had been obtained by fraudulent nii«- 
representations. As to the other plaintitfs. be 
had had some doubts, but the submission by the 
<lefendant in his amended defence led his lord- 
ship to hold that all the other jilaintiffs. ex- 
cept those who had abandoned their claims, 
were entitled to rescission and repayment, with 
rests. He would, therefore, make the declara- 
tion as to fraudulent misrepresentation, and 
give judgment in favour of all the plaintiffs 
except the nine who had withdrawn their re- 
tainers for rescission of the contrac-ts, return 
of the money, and costs, except so far aa 
such costs had been increased by the addition 
of the plaintiffs who had withdrawn. 

Damaoe from SrBsiDExcE Due to Colliery 


SofTH Medox.slet Colliery Co. — Mr. Justice 
Neville gave judgment on Thursday, in the 
Chancery Division, in this action, brought by 
the Education Committee of the Durham C'ounty 
Council, for damages occasioned, it was alleged, 
by defendants' colliery works to a school and 
school-house built more than twenty years ago 
at Dipton, in the parish of Lanchcster. The 
case, observed Mr. Justice Neville in his judg- 
ment, involved a very difficult question of fact, 
but he had come to the conclusion, on the evi- 
dence, that the plaintifl's were right in saying 
that they had suffered the damage alleged by 
the operations of the defendants. Undoubtedly 
there was subsidence of the surface and injury 
to the buildings in 1901, but in 1910 the build- 
ings were repaired, and immediately after again 
showed sig'ns of subsidence in 1914. Therefore, 
the defendants were responsible for the damage 
suffered since 1909, and the plaintiffs were en- 
titled to an injunction and to an inquiry as to 
damages. ' But. having regard to the small 
amount of the alleged damage and to the enor- 
mous expense that the inquiry as to damages 
would entail, he hoped that the parties might 
come to an agreement as to the amount of the 


lutely and utterly worthless. Most serious I Bel mullet. 


Bovle's latest patent " Air-Pump " ventilators 
have" been applieel to the Lion Brewery, Win- 

Messrs. Stevens and Sharp, the architects, 
have thus changed the name of the fij-ra from 
Messrs. Stevens and Gregson. and have re- 
nioved from 32 to 28, Victoria Street, ^^ cet- 

Owing to the number of men employed by. 
the Belvoir Plaster, Brick, and Mineral Co., of 
Newark, who have gone to the front, the firm 
have had to partially close down, and have 
asked for no men to be exempted in conse- 

The Milton infectious diseases hospital, 
Portsmouth, is being supplied with Shorland's 
double-frontod warm-air ventilating patent 
Manchester hospital stoves by Messrs. E. II. 
Shorland and Brother, Limited, of Failsworth, 

Messrs. Heathman. of Parson's Green, Ful- 
ham. have opened extensive show-rooms for 
their ladders, trestles, step.s, trolle.vs, trucks, 
and barrows, as well as portable telescopic 
scaffolds, at 35, Aldersgate Street, E.C., near 
the General Post Office. 

Pudlo. the powder that makes cement water- 
proof, has been used in the balconies of the 
Chelsea Hospital for Women, as well as on a 
large number of similar institutions. Messrs. 
Kerner-Greenwood and Co. will be happy to 
send an illustrated pamphlet to anyone send- 
ing a postcard to Ann's Square, King's Lynn. 
Orders iiave been made by the Board of 
Trade requiring the undermentioned businesses 
to be wound up :— Th. Goldschmidt, Ltd.. regis- 
tered office, CO. Messrs. Hudson. Smith, Briggs, 
and Taylor, Thames House. E.G., purchasers of 
tin scrap for export: controller: Arthur Taylor. 
Thames House. E.C. Also the British Ceresiv 
Waterproofing Co., Ltd., 100 Victoria Street. 
London, S.W., manufacturers of a paste which 
renders cement waterproof ; controller : F- 
Lindsay Fisher, Bassisha.w House, Basinghall 
Street,' E.C. 


:Mr. J. P. Barrett has been apiwinted dis- 
trict surveyor for the unions of KillaJa and 

July 5, 191 (i. 




Tlie death is aimounced ot' Sir CJaston 
.Ui]<n-o, K.C.M.G.. LL.D. (Oxoii.), the 
,, I'll-Uiiowii Egyptologist ami permanent 
secret.aiy to the Acadeniie de.s Inscriptions 
«t Belles Letlres, who died in Paris on Fri- 
day while attending ;i meeting at the 
Academy. Sir Gaston Cami'Ue Charles Maspero 
was born in Paris on Jn le 23, 1846, his parents 
being of Lombard origin. He was educated 
at tJie Lycee Louis-.le-Grand and Ecole Nor- 
malc, and at an early age he showed a 
special interest in hieroglyphic writing. Dur- 
ing Jiis second year at the Ecole Normale 
lie became acquainted with .Mar.iette. the 
Egyptologist, who was then in Paris as Com- 
missioner for the Egyptian section of t.lie 
Exhibition. Mariette gave Maspero two 
recently discovered hieroglyphic texts to de- 
cipher, and in less than a fortnight the young 
self-taught student produced translations, 
a feat w-hich established his reputation. 
Maspero became a teacher of Egyptian (jhilo- 
logy and archjeology at tihe Ecole :1es Hantej 
Etudes, and five year later, in 1874. he was 
appointed to the chair of Champollion at the 
College of France. In Novembtr, 1880, Pro- 
fe.ssor Mas})ero went to Egypt as head of a 
Government archaeological mission, which ul- 
timately developed into the Institut Fran- 
^ais8 de rArclicologie Oriental of Cairo. 
One of his e;irliest duties was the decipher- 
ment of the Pyramid Texts, a collection of 
incantations in.scribed on tlie inner walls of 
five royal tombs of the Fifth ai:d Sixth Dyn- 
asties at Sakkarah. Paper casts of the in- 
scriptions, which are deeply cut in tlie walls 
and i>aintt:'d green, were made for Professor 
Maspero. and from these he printed an edi- 
tion in hieroglyphic type of all five texts, 
and addcfl a French translation of the greater 
part of them. On the death of Mariette in 
Jaiu'ary. 1881. Masjiero succeeded as Direc- 
tor-General of Excavations and of the Anti 
quitics of Egypt, at Bulaq, a post which he 
held for five veirs. He carried out the ex- 
cavation of the temple" of Luxor, renairrl 
the eastern part of the Hypostvle Hall of 
the great temcle of Karnak, and to him we 
owe the oreservaticn of the Raroessenm at 
Thebes. In 1886 Professor Maspero relin- 
quished in's post in Egypt, bnt he retnrnel 
to that charge in 1899. when he sr.per-intended 
the trHnsfcr and prepared the catnlngue of 
fbs collection of antiouities from CJizeh to 
their new quarters at Kasr-en-Nil. Professor 
Masoero was knighted in 1909 bv Kins- Ed- 
ward, in recoifnition of his labours as Direc- 
tor-General of the Depaitment of Public 
X^'orks in Egvpt. He was twice married. 

The B.I.Ii.A. Jniirnnl announces the 
death, as having occurred on May 19, of 
Colonel Edward Appleton, J. P.. of Torquay, 
who was elected a Fellow of the Institute 
in 1861. ,-ind was placed on the list of Retired 
Fellows in 1906. Born at Stockwell in 1832, 
he was articled to Mr. R-. Dixon, of fiuild- 
ford, and started in practice at Torquay in 
1851. He was architect to the Gary Estate. 
and designed most of the houses on the estate. 
He also practised as an engineer, and carried 
out a great many sanitary engineering 
schemes for water supply and main drainage, 
principally in Cornwall and Devon. He was 
a strenuous advcx'ate for the dry-earth closet 
sy.stem in .Vnpleton. and wa.s' elected an 
Associate of the Institution of Civil Engineers 
in 1863. and a .Member in 1888. He was very 
active in the development of Torquay, and 
was a borough magistrate, a member of the 
town council and of many of the committees. 
and took a great interest in the Technical 
Schools and Science and Art .School. Colonel 
.appleton was an ardent Volunteer, and in 
1861 was instrumental in forming the En- 
gineering Corjis. with which he was connected 
for 35 years, retiriiiir in 1896 witl> the rank 
of Colonel, and receiving the V.D. He re- 
tired from practice in 1905 through failing 

Mr. George W. Hewitt, t)ie nni/in of the 
architectural profession^ in Philadelphia, died 
on May 12. Mr. Hewitt was boi-n in Phila- 
delphia in 1841. was educated at BiirlinL'tou 
College. New .lersey. and at the age of 16 
he commenced the study of architecture, en- 
tering the office of .John' Xotman. the leadiuL' 
architect of his time, two vears later. From 

that period until his death, Mr. Hewitt was 
prominently identified with the architectural 
development of Pliiladel])hia and vicinity. 
He was a Fellow and had been one of the 
founders of the Philadelphia Chapter of the 
American Institute of Architects, being one 
of those who signed its original organisation 
papers on November 11, 18b9, as well as the 
Charter of Incorporation, issued March 25, 

Mr. Thomas Stirling Lee, sculptor, of the 
Vale Studio, Vale Avenue, Chel^^ea, fell uncon- 
scious in the arcade at South Kensington 
Station on Thursday, and on being conveyed 
to St. Geprge's Hospital was found to be dead. 
He was 50 years of age, and, it is stated, had 
suffered for some time from angina pectoris. 
Mr. Stirling Lee sent in 1878 in Paris a por- 
trait medallion to the Royal Academy, as well 
as " Hercules Throwing Lycus into the Sea," 
which won for him the gold medal at the 
Royal Academy Schools in "1877. His - Death 
of Abel " was shown at the Royal Academy 
in 1880. the first of a long series of exhibitions 
at Burlington House, among his works shown 
there being the fir,st of a series of panels, which 
now form a well-known feature of the exterior 
of St. George's -Hail, Liverpool. Mr. Stir- 
ling Lee's portrait of Mr. John S. Sargent 
was presented to the Chelsea Arts Club to com- 
memorate his successful presidency. The 
funeral took place yesterday (Tuesday) after- 
noon at New Southgate. 

The death is announced of Mr. William 
Brackett, F.S.I. , senior member of the firm of 
Messrs. William Brackett and Sons, estate 
agents, auctioneers, and chartered surveyors, 
of London and Tunbridge Wells. Mr. Brackett, 
who was in his eighty fourth year, was one of 
the oldest members of the Surveyors' Institu- 
tion, and was the first president of the Tun- 
bridge W^ells Chamber ot Commerce. He was 
agent for the late Duke of Argyll's Dornden 
and Farnham estates. Mr. Brackett was for 
oxer thirty years a director of the London 
Missionary Society. 

The death is reported from Maymyo, Bur- 
mah, of Mr. A. M. Macnab, executive engineer. 
Public Works Department. Shwebo. . Mr. 
Macnab, who was born in February, 1882, was 
on leave from Shwebo at the time of his death. 
He was a graduate of the Royal Indian En- 
gineering College at Coopers Hill and joined 
the Public Works Department in 1904, and in 
November of that year took up the duties 
of assistant engineer of the Hlawga W'ater 
Works Division under the direction of the 
sanitary engineer for Burmah. In March, 
1905. he became assistant engineer of the Ran- 
goon Town Lands Reclamation Works Divi- 
sion, and later was in the Construction Divi- 
sion, Rangoon. He then saw service in the 
^Feiktila and Tharrawaddy districts, and after 
was for some time on special duty in the office 
of the superintending engineer, Rangoon 
Circle. Service in various parts of the pro- 
vince followed, Mr. Macnab iieing promoted 
to executive engineer in 1912. 

The death took place on Tuesday in last 
week of Alderman Thomas Coulson, a former 
Mayor of Tynemouth, who had been closely 
identified with the public life of the town 
for over 50 vears. He was born at Tone 
Hall, near Birtley, North Tyne. in 1839. As 
a boy of 15. he went to North Shields to learn 
the trade of a joiner. A period of extreme 
depression in the building trade ensuing, 
young Coulson was for four years in a joiner's 
shop at Willington Quay, but eventually re- 
turned to 'the house-building trade. Forty 
years ago iCoulson commenced business on 
his own account as a builder, and he erected 
a great many houses in different parts of the 
town, and at the village of Chirtnn. 
He retired from business in 1909. Mr. 
Coulson was elected a member of the 
Tynemouth Town Council in 1899, five years 
later was elected an alderman, and was 
Mayor of the "borough in 1909-10. 

Lieutenant C. G. Chapman. Royal En- 
"ineers. who was in the 13th Division iit 
Gnllipoli for two months in the trenches and 
look part in the ev.icuaticn, and was after- 
wards in the heavy fighting on another 
fi'Mit. has died of wounds. He was the son 
I if Professor R. W^. Chapman, of Adelaide 
ITuiversitv. and was twentv-four years of 
ig' Educated at St. Peter's College, Ade- 

laide, lie emtered the /Survleying , Depart- 
ment, passing on to the Irrigation Depart- 
ment, ajid did good work in charge of sur- 
-cying parties in the Northern Territory and 
in' tlie Daily River Country. 

>^m»^~< ■ 


Gl.\sgow Arihiteixural CinrrsME.N's 
Society. — The twentieth annual report by the 
secretaries of the society states that the num 
ber of members on the roll is 133, as com- 
pared with 133 last year ; six new members 
and eight associate members were admitted, 
and fourteen members resigned. There are now 
ninety-one members, seventeen life members, 
and twenty-five associate members in the 
society. Eleven ordinary meetings were held 
during the session, eight papers being read by 
members of the society. Visits were paid to 
the Municipal Buildings Extension and to the 
Training College, Jordanhill. The Camera 
and Sketching Club did useful work during 
the session. Tlwenty-two members are on 
active service in the Army and Navy. 

R.WELSTON House and Gardens. — The Old 
Edinburgh Club, by permission of Mrs. 
Clark, paid a visit the other afternoon to 
Ravelston House and gardens. There were 
about sixty members present, the company 
including Mr. Thomas Ross, LL.D., the 
leader for the afternoon, and Mr. Moir Bryce, 
president of the club. Dr. Rose remarked 
that the old house of Ravelston was de- 
stroyed by fire early in the last century. The 
only part remaining was a lofty narrow 
staircase tower, with crow-stepped gables, 
stood at one corner of the house. This 
at onco suggested that it had been a 
house or castle of the L plan, like the neigh- 
bouring castle of Craigcrook, on the gate- 
way of which was the date 1626. which cor- 
responde'd well with two dates there of 1622 
and 1524. Adjacent to this tower were the re- 
mains of vaulted offices and a very fine and 
perfect dovecot, of large size divided into 
two parts. The tower contained a very 
interesting doorway with the inscription 
ne QtTiD NIMIS 1622, which might be rendered, 
" Not too much of anything," and, with the 
initials of George Foulis and .Janet Bannatyne. 
The pilasters, decorated with rosettes, were 
characteristic of the period. The mouldings, 
a series of fillets projecting over each other, 
and of various widths, were also charac- 
teristic of the period of the dawning of the 
Renaissance iVi Scotland as seen in such castles 
as Haggs and Bedlay, near Glasgow, and 
Ferniehurst and Cowdenknows on the east. 
There was a summer house in the garden 
made np of old carved stones from a splen- 
did fireplace measuring 5 ft. 9 ins. wide in 
the opening. In' the same in height. The 
wide jambs and lintel were elaborately 
moulded and enriched almost beyond any- 
thing of the same kind in Scotland. In the 
centre of tlie carved work of the cornice is 
the monogram Ci. F. and J. B. In the 
garden there was a fountain of a charming , 
design and in perfect preservation. It con- 
sisted of a platform of circular .shape, 
from the centre of which rose a shaft 2 ft. 
8 ins. high and sup))orting a shallow carved 
basin about 4 ft. in diameter. The data 
1630, with the .same initials G. F., J. B. 
twined together in true-love knots could be 
seen just above the basin. Geqrge Foulis 
of Ravelston was the .second son of Sir James 
Foulis of Colinton, and his la<ly Anne 
Heriot ; he purchased the lands of Ravel- 
ston. In 1603 he married .Tanet, daugliter of 
George BTunatviie of Newtve. 


Mr. P. J. Jlairkey, of Carrick-on-Sliannon. 
has been appointed assistant surveyor to the 
Lcitrim County Council. 

New business premises lare in course of 
erection at the soiith-east side of Baggofc 
Street bridge on a site oppo^^ite tlic National 
Bank premises, Dublin. The buildings will 
be three storys in hoiffht with flat roofs, the 
superstructure internally built with Dolphin's 
Barn stock brick and outside with Portmar- 
iKick rod brick. Mr. Thos. F. McNamara. 
Great Brunswick Street, Dublin, is the archi- 
tect, and the contractors are Messrs. H. and 
J. Martin, Ltd., Grand Canal Street, in the 
same citv. 





Birmingham.— All iiniH.itaiit loport upon 
building works to bu carried out after tlie 
«ar was discussed by the Hirniinghaiii Kdu- 
lation (.■oninuttee of tlie rorpoialion of that 
city on Friday. It was stated bv tiu' 
Sites and Huildiiigs Subcommittee tliat the 
schemes tabulated wiU, if adopted bv the 
corporation, involve an expenditure of no 
less than £317,000. the estiinat«l c-ost being 
baeed on price.s ruling before the war. They 
were arranged in three categories— viz., (a) which need not be considered at pre- 
sent— i.e., until the expiration of two vears 
after the war; (b) those which are" of 
secondarj' importance, but which should re- 
ceive eaj-ly consideration ; (c) those which 
should be undertaken immediately after the 
conclusion of the war. Included "in this list 
were new chemistry schools, for which 
plans have been prepared, estimated to cost 
£63,775: secondary schools. £56,250: si.\ spe- 
cial schools. £32,000; e.xtension of the tech- 
nical school, £92,500; four suggested small 
schools in congested central areas, £24,500; 
extensions and imi)rovements of the existing 
schools, £36,274 : and fourteen extensions to 
science, manual, and domestic technical 
centres. The report was eventually adopted. 
with the addition of an amendment proposed 
by the Lord Mayor, that as soon as the occa- 
sion required it. the Education Committee 
would be prepared to recommeJid the order 
in which the projects should be executed. 

Chepstow.— The syndicate who are pro- 
moting a scheme for building standardised 
ships have now secured a capital of £300.000 
privately subscribed, and have appointed as 
chairman of the companv Mr. James CaLrd 
principal of the well-known shipowning firm' 
Turner, Martin, and Co. They have secured 
a site of over forty acres near Chepstow 
Station on the river Wye, two miles from 
the Bristol Channel, and providing a depth 
of water ^f or launching of 45 ft. . in proximity 
to collieries. Machinery will he set up fo"r 
producing standardised parts of hulls and 
engines. From 140 to 150 acres of land have 
been secured, -which are to be laid out bv a 
separate company as a garden city. 

H.\RTLEr.— The members of the Whitlev 
and Monkseaton Urban District Council made 
their final inspection of the New Cemetery 
buildings at Hartley South on Saturday last. 
The site is close to the coast line, and i.-. 
directly exposed to the severe north-east gales. 
For this reason grey granite was chosen for 
the facing of all walls, oak for all exterior 
woodwork, teak for the conservatory, and lead 
for the gutters and rain-water pipes, and sim- 
plicity of detail was the keynote influencing 
the design. Shelters, with oak seats therein. 
have been provided at either side of the 
entrance gates. The lodge, coiiservatorv. and 
outbuildings are grouped together near the 
mam entrance. The chapel is planned so that 
the mortuary is isolated, yet in full view oi 
the mourners. The screen dividing the mor- 
tuary from the chapel is of stone, w'ith carve.l 
spandrils and columns by Mr. Hughes, of 
Messrs. H. H. :*lartyn and"Co., Newcastle and 
Cheltenham. The oak seats, reading-desk, 
furniture and fittings, are of Japanese oak, 
and made by >[essrs. J. P. Bertram and Son'. 
Earsdon. and carved by itr. R. P. Appleby, 
of Newcastle-on-Tyne. " The ceiling and wails 
are decoiated with plaster work by Mr. G. P. 
Bankart, London. Over the mortuarv screen 
is a stained-glass window of Christ in 'Majesty 
in Benediction, and in the mortuary are three 
stained-glass windows emblematical of Faith, 
Hope, and Charity, all painted by Messrs. 
Burlison and Grylls, of London. The" buildings 
and boundary walls have been erected by Mr. 
W. D. Allison, builder, of Whitburn, aiid his 
men, from the designs .and under the super- 
vision of Mr. Edward Gratney, F.R.I.B.A.. 
M.S.A., Wallsend. The granite wa« worked 
and supplied from the quarries of Messrs. J. 
Fyfe, Ltd., Aberdeen. The clock is bv Messrs 
Potts and Son, Leeds. Mr. Richard Robinson, 
of Newcastle-on-Tyne, acted as clerk of works. 
King's Cross, N.— The Cardinal Arch- 
bishop opened the new church dedicated to 
the Blessed Sacrament, situated in Copen- 
hagen Street, Caledonian Road, N., on Satur- 1 

<lay week last The building is erected upon 
the site of two houses in Copenhagen Street, 
and the udjoiiiing house is to be restored ajid 
converted into a presbytery as quickly as 
funds permit. It has been erected "iroin 
designs by Mr. Robert L. Curtis, of West 
Hill, Horiisey, in simple Romanesque .style, 
luid comprises a parish hall on the lower 
ground iloor, with the church immedia,tcly 
over it— the latter providing a present acconi- 
modation for about 200 The planning allows 
for a future extension at inc sanctuary eiiTI. 
I5oth the parish hall and church are well 
lighted, having regard to the closed-in nature 
of the site. The ]ilaii of the church is a nave 
without aisles, and includes an organ gallery. 

Shrkwsbury.- At the School on Saturday 
Viscount Miliier opened the " Moser '' 
Buildings — a library and art gallery, the 
foundation-stone of which was laid by elec- 
tricity by the King in 1914. The new buildniL' 
is in the Jacobean style following the period 
of the original school in the town, and is 
situated so as to command a charming view 
of the Severn. It is faced with Grinshill 
sandstone and red paving bricks with red-tiled' 
roof. The .school library, wliich contains 
about 6.000 vohimes, including 90 manu- 
scripts and 60 incunabiila or books printed 
before 1500, is one of the finest public .school 
collections in the country. In addition to 
this valuable collection, the new libran- con- 
tains also an art gallery, in which w"ill be 
placed a collection of water-colour paintings 
of the English school, the gift of Mr. E. B. 
Moser. The new buildings, which were 
illustrated in our issue of September 15. 1915, 
have been erected from designs bv Messrs' 
Forsyth and Maule, of Oxford Street. \V. 
The contractor was Mr. Henry Pike, of Welsh 
Bridge, Shrewsbury. 

South Shields.— The corporation has 
derided on the erection after the war of a 
new hospital for infectious diseases. The 
proposed site covers twenty-eight acres, and 
lies north-east of Cleadon Village. The 
plans have been prepared bv the borough 
engineer. Mr: Leslie Roseveare. who has 
visited some of the best hospitals in the 
country. The accommodation for infectious 
diseases will consist of 124 beds, and for 
tuberculosis 66 beds. The fever patients 
will be treated in five pavilions, the dimen- 
sions of which will be 195 ft. by 38 ft. over 
all, and each pavilion will be provided with 
sun-rooms, and verandahs with glass roofs. 
Respecting the tuberculosis section of the 
institution, there will be a nursing pavilion 

C3nr CDla f abk. 

338 ft. long, and three separate pavilions for 
men. women, and, children. A sheltered 
playground has been set apart for the chil- 
dren, and a large plot has also been reserved 
for the male patients to cultivate. 


Inche.^sed Wages for London Bcicdehs' 
Operatives. — On and after Monday week, the 
17th inst.. an advance in wajjes of one penny 
per hour will be made to all builders' opera- 
tives in London, as the result of a recent deci- 
sion of the National Building Trades Concilia- 
tion Board. The National Building Trades 
Federation applied for an advance of 2d. per 
hour, but the Conciliation Board's decision 
will increase the wages of London builders' 
operatives by 4s. 2d. in a fifty-hour week, and 
affect the wag"es of c.arpenters and joiners, 
■stonemasons, bricklayers, smiths and fitters, 
wood-cuttinir machinists, heatin? engineers, 
and certain labourers, to the number of nearly 
100,000 men. 


The city engineer of Hull. Mr. F. W. Brick- 
nell. reported to the Corporation Works Com- 
mittee on Wednesday that he had 'been able to 
make a contract for six months with a local 
firm of producers for a new motor fuel at 
Is. 6d. per gallon. Some of this petrol substi- 
tute ^vas being used and was proving satisfac- 

A three-quarter length portrait of Earl 
Loreburn in his robes as Lord Chancellor has 
l>een hung in the Council Chamber in Down- 
ing Street. It was painted in 1907 by Sir 
George Reid. President of the Royal Soottish 
.■\cademy. and has been lent to the Privy 
Council by Lord Loreburn. Portraits of Lord 
Campbell and Lord Macnagliten have also 
been placed in the Council Chamber. 

The thirty-si.xth annual report of the City 
and Guilds of London Institute states that 
the gradual elimination of the senior scho- 
lars began last year and, due to the war. 
Continued throughout the session, and many 
members of the staff also joined the Forces. 
Those of the staff and of the senior students 
who continued at the colleee have under- 
taken much new and original work in the 
design and manufacture of munitions of war 
of various kinds, and in the investigation of 
constructional problems, especially those con 
nected with the aeronautical and submarine 
services. The in.stitute's laboratories and 
workshops are being utilised to their full 
extent in these directions, not only during 
the vacations, but also as far as possible 
during term time. The delay in the comple- 
tion of the Goldsmiths' Company's Extension 
of the City and Guilds (Engineering) College, 
the cost of which |£87,000) was cbntributed"by 
the company, caused by the prolonged build- 
ing strike before the war, necessitated the 
postponement of the equipment of the ne-v 
laboratories. The state of war and the im- 
possibility of constructing or obtaining de- 
livery of new machinery have compelled the 
delegacy to defer proceeding further witn 
this development of the work of the college. 
In succession to Mr. J. A. Travers, resigned, 
the council have appointed Sir Edward H. 
Busk to the office of treasurer and vice-presi- 
dent. Mr. F. T. Baggallay, F.R.I.B.A., of 
the Merchant Taylors' Company, has been 
elected vice-chairman of the committee of the 
Technical College, Finsbury, in succession to 
Sir Edward Busk, and Mr, H. A. Wix, of 
the Skinners' Company, has been elected 
vice-chairman of the Committee of Tech- 
nology, in the place of Sir Boverton Red- 
wood, Bart., resigned. 

Mr. W. H. Schofield, the county surveyor 
of Lancashire, reports that for main thorough- 
fares in urban districts to carry steel-tired 
motor vehicles granite paving on cement con- 
crete foundations, costing 15s. per super, yard, 
has been found the most economical. On 
rural main roads the most successful material 
in his experience is tarred iron slag macadam, 
and lengths which have been laid for seven 
years have required no repairs except tar- 
spraying in alternate years, and are still in 
good" condition. Tar-grouted granite macadam 
laid five or six years ago with varying degrees 
of success or failure has been abandoned in 
favour of tarred slag macadam, and tarred 
granite macadam has not. Mr. Schofield con- 
siders, been generally successful. 

A proposal is on foot, with great prospects 
of realisation, for constructing an inter- 
national highway on the line between Canada 
and the United" States, to be called Peace 
Highway, in commemoration of the 100 years 
of peace between the two countries. It is 
proposed to have inscribed on the monuments 
along the boundary line, which will be in the 
centre of the contemplated highway, the fact 
that for 100 years peace has reigned along 
this border. 'The Whatcom County Commis- 
sioners, who have taken the initiative in the 
matter, have outlined a highway from the 
salt waters of Blaine and White Rock to the 
mountains near Sumas and Huntingdon, as 
the first part of a paved highw-ay from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific along the boundary 
and connected with the Pacific Highway from 
Blaine to California, and the inter-provincial 
highway from Vancouver to Chilliwack. The 
section of the road which it is proposed to 
make as the first unit is along twenty-five 
miles of practically an even grade, but as 
neither the State of Washington nor the 
municipalities of Columbia interested 
can finance the project, the matter will be 
brought before the American Congress at 
Washington and the House of Commons Bt 

Mr. R. S. Porter, chairman of the Water 
Committee of the Liverpool Corporation, 
states that the planting operations of the 
Corporation on the Lake Vvrnwy Watershed 
have assumed extensive proportions. The 
total number of tree.s planted by the Corpora- 
tion to date is 3.348.000, covering an area of 

July 5, 191G. 



more than 1,300 acres. Of this area~ about 
416 acres have been planted under the joint 
afforestation scheme between the Uovern- 
nieiit and the Corporation. This joint scJienie, 
whicli provides for planting an area of a 
further 4.000 acres within the ne.\t twenty 
years, has now been in operation for three 
years. In addition to planting operations on 
tile Vyrnwy Watershed, the Corporation 
h.rve also jilanted on their Rivington Water- 
shed about 2J millions of trees, covering an 
area of about 700 acres. 

The Second Battalion of the Artists' Rifles 
has been made into an Officers Training 
Corps, and is at present in camp not far 
from London. On Thursday it held a 
meeting, under the ]:)residencv of Colonel R. 
W. Edis, C.B., F.R.I.B..\." (now in his 
seventy-eighth year, and one of the original 
members of the Artists' Rifles), to consider a 
scheme of interest and importance not only 
to the coi-ps, but to the Army luid the general 
public. The scheme is for a Regimental As- 
sociation, to form an employment bureau for 
the corps. The help of the Royal Colonial 
Institute has been enlisted, and two rooms in 
■Craven Street belongiiig to the Institute 
have been placed at the disposal of the Asso- 
ciation. The articles of the Association, 
which weiv read aloud, and were received 
with approval, are inspired not only by the 
utilitarian object of finding employment for 
members throughout the world after the %var, 
but with the patriotic object of concentrating 
on work which will be of service to the 
British Empire. The various Dominions are 
expected t-o co-operate in the work. It was 
suggested that as members of the corps are 
scattered throughout the Army they might 
find men in their platoons who would" be will- 
ing to join with them in settlement schemes 
after the war. The scheme was well received, 
as was also a speech delivered bv Mr. Boose 
organising secretary of the RJval Colonial 



The Post Office London Tube R.4Ilway.— 
Mr. Asquith, replying- to Mr. H. McLaren on 
\\ednesday, said that the question as to 
whether the expenditure upon the Pest Office 
London Railway should be continued during 
the war had been carefully corjsidered by the 
Government, and whilst the work on the tunnel 
construction had been slowed down owing to the 
shortage of labour, on financial grounds it had 
been thought better to allow the work to pro- 
ceed, for the following reasons : (1) There 
would be a serious risk to the work already 
done in the event of its suspension : (2) the sus- 
pension of the contract would render the 
Government liable to claims for damages by 
the contractor and the s-ever?,l sub-contractors 
for breach of contract ; (3) the work, if de- 
ferred, could only be completed at prices con- 
siderably above those in the present cfjntract. 
The construction of the tunnel was nearly 
completed. [The tube railway referred to ex- 
tends from Paddington to the Eastern District 
Post Office in Whitechapel. a length of 6j miles, 
by way of Holborn. Mount Pleasant, Newgate 
Street, ami Ijiverpool Street. There is a single 
tunnel 9 ft. in diameter, containing two tracks 
of 2 ft. gauge. Messrs. Mowlem and Co., of 
Pimlico, are the contractors.] 

There has been another change of manager 
at the Ripon Corporation Gasworks. Mr. J. 
W. Thompson, of Barnoldswick, who was ap- 
pointed to the position by the city" council a 
fortnight ago, resigned, aiid at a special meet- 
ing of the council, held on Friday night, Mr. 
John Demain. of Garforth, Leeds, was ap- 
pointed Mr. Thompson's successor. 

Mr. Somers Clarke. F.S.A., in an introduc- 
tion to the thirty-ninth annual rojiort of the 
Committee of the Society for the Protection 
of Ancient Buildings, offers a warning wfth 
regard to war memorials. Referring to the 
importance of the congruity of the memorial 
with its surroundings, he points out that a 
memorial, effective in itself, may be rendered 
altogether a failui-e by the want of foresight 
and sympathy with its setting displayed by 
the sculptor who has designed it. As a speci- 
men of hopeless incongruity Mr. Somers 
Clarke refers to the Tennyson memorial statue 
in bronze, by G. F. Watts, outside the east 
end of Lincoln ^linster, which he describes as 
" entirely nut of scale with the great liuilding 
before which it stands : it dwarfs it, and yet 
H dwarffd liy it." 


A donation of ten guineas has been made by 
the Society of Architects to the A.A. War Ser- 
vice Bureau. 

lilr. Percy Morris, of Donoaeter, has been 
appointed surveyor to the rural district 
council of Leigh, Lanes. 

Captain Gordon H. BlacJoader, reported 
wounded m tlic recent Bghting, is a. member of 
the tirni of Messrs. Barott, Blackader, and 
Wi^bster, architects, Montreal, 

It is announced that Mr. H. T. Keates, of 
Petersfield, and Mr. J. W. Witts, of Leeds, 
have been transferred to the retired list of 
nieinbers of the Society of .Architects. 

A nc-w .State building for California is to 
be erected ii^ tlie civic centre at the corner 
of McAllister and Larkin Streets, San Fran- 
cisco, at aji' estimated cost of $1,000,000. 

.Mr. Strongmans surveyor for *be south dis- 
trict of the St. C'olumb Rural District Coun- 
cil, has also been appointed surveyor for the 
iborth district for the du-ration of the war. 

Jlessrs. Abbott, Ajiiderson, ajiid Abbott, of 
HeathfieJd Works, Harpendien, are .having 
considerable extensione made tx> their works. 
Messrs. Miskin and Son, of St. Albans, are 
bh.i builders. 

The late ilr. Christopher Albert Hayes, of 
Salisbury House, Conibe Lane, Westbury-ouj- 
Tryin, builder ajid' contractor, Bristol, an 
alderman and ex-Lord M'ayor of tibat city, 
who died on February 16, has left £34,797. 

In the Edinburgh Dean of Guild Court on 
Thursday a warrant was granted for the con- 
version of the United Free Methodist Church 
in Dean Street, Stockbridge, into a cinema 
palace to accommodate 800 persons, 

Easter Ross District Committee, Ross, on 
Saturday unanimously appointed as surveyor 
and sanitary inspector Mr. Robert Gibson, of 
King's Lvnn, previously of Aberfeldy, at a 
salary of £280. 

Jlessrs. MoKim, Mead, and White, of 101, 
Park Avenue, Now York, are the aa-chiteota 
for a five-story club buildinig to be erected 
between 77 to 83, East Fifty-second Street, 
and 360 to 376. Park Avenue, New York, for 
the Racquet and Tenuis Club. The expendi- 
ture will be about $400,000. 

The thirty-fiiiist list of Members, Licentiates, 
and students R.I.B.A. serving with the 
Forces shows a total to date of 63 Fellows. 
454 Associates, 260 Licentiates, and 279 
students. In the latest roll we noto the name 
of Sub-Lieutenant H. u4usten Hall. R.N.V.R., 
attached to the R.N.A.S., F.R.I.B.A. 

The Road Board have authorised the rural 
district council of Winchester to carry out 
improvements on the Avington to Ovington 
Road, in Silkstead Lane, Stainmore Lane, and 
Bull Drove, and on the Twyford to Bram- 
bridge Road. The War Department will con- 
tiribute £1,359 totwarde the total cost of 

The foundation-stone laying ceremony took 
place at Stalyhridge on Wednesday afternoon 
of a new mill which is being erected by 
Messrs. Robert Piatt, Ltd., cotton spinners, 
on the site of a mill which was destroyed by 
fire in December last. The new rnill will be 
of five stories, containing 36,000 spindles, and 
will employ about 200 hands. 

The death took place on Monday in last 
week" of Mr. George Huxley, builder and 
coiiitiractor, at his residence, Evesham Road, 
Aiitwood Bank, Worcestershire, He was 
sixty-three years of aige, ajid' had been a resi- 
dent in the neighbourhood for over forty 
years. He was a member of the Feckenliam 
Rural District Council, a.nd had held the 
position of vioe-ohairman for sevexal yeairs. 

The annual conference of the Museums Asso- 
ciation is to be held at Ipswich on July 11 and 
12. The local museum, housed in a sjiacious 
building in High Street, was one of the first 
municipal institutions of its kind to be estab- 
lished in this country, and has admirable 
natural history and geological collections, now 
under the able curai'orship of Mr. C. W. Wool- 
nough, who succeeded the late Dr. J. E. 

Tlie Clown Rural District Council have 
under consideration a report prepared by 
their surveyor, Mr. J. T. Peairs. advocating a 
new sewage disposal scheme for Cresswell. 
He recommends the laying of a new sewer at 
a cost of £605, and the construction of bac- 
teria be<ls to cost £1,240. The aitenitative of 
a pumping scheme won.ld cost about £3,000 
without the engines. The proposals will bo 
submitted to the Duke of Portland and the 
Bolsover Colliery Company, 

Mr, Thomas Luim&den, builder and oon- 
traotor,. of Jarrow-on-Tyne, died at his resi- 
dence in that town on the 18th ult., in his 
feveiity-sixth year. He liad been in business 
in Jarrow since 1868, and was regaixied as 
une of the principal contractors on, Tyncside. 

A memorial tablet has been erected in the 
parish church of West Wickham, Kent, to 
the memory of the late Mrs. West. The tab- 
let is of white statuary ma'rble, surmounted 
by the arms of the family, carved and em- 
blazoned. The work was executed by Messrs. 
Harry Hems aoid Sons, of Bxeteir. 

The Exhibition of Designs for War Memo- 
rials, promoted by the Committee of the Civic 
Arts Association, of Prince's Gardens, v/ill be 
opened on Monday afternoon, July 17, at 
three o'clock, at the Royal Institute of British 
Architects, 9, Conduit Strc^et, when Dr. 
Arthur C. Benson, Master of Magdalene Col- 
lege, Cambridge, will give an address. 

At the annual meeting of the New York 
Society of Architects, he^ld recently, the fol- 
lowing officens were elected: — James Riely 
Gordon, of New York, president ; Adam E. 
Fisher, of Br(x>klyn, and Edward W. Loth, 
of Troy, New York, vice-presidents; William 
T. Towner, of New Y'ork, secretary ; Oscar 
Lowinson, treasurer ; Ed. Wehrlin, of New 
Y'ork, iinanoial secretary. 

In connection with the scheme for the ex- 
tension of the Foyle Shipyard at London- 
derry, owned by the North of Ireland Ship- 
ouilding Co., Ltd., the company are about 
to acquire a large area of property adjoining 
the shipyard at a cost of £10,000, the inten- 
tion being to build shipyaixl vyorkers' houses. 
The fiiiBt ibuilding scheme wiill provide for 
200 houses and viilti, residences for the 

M-r. J. A. Brodie, M.Inst.C.E., borough 
engineer of lilackpool, has been aip'point&d by 
the Senate of tile Victoria University of Man- 
chester External Examiner for Degrees in 
Sanitary Engineermg at the Municipal school 
of Technology, Manchester, which constitutes 
a part of the Victoria Universaty. The ap- 
pointment is for three years, and has been 
held by Messrs. S. S. Piatt, borough engineer 
of Rochdale, W. Kaye Parry, of Dublin, and 
ilr H. P. Boulnois, of London. 

iLieuteiiant James Frederick Gamble, Royal 
Warwioks. was killed in action on June 24. 
The deceased, who was twenty-five years of 
age, was a son of iNIr. Joe Gamble, the well- 
known Tynemouth cricketer. He held the 
position of lassistaJit surveyor to the Y^'ork 
Corporation, but on the outbreak of war went 
through a coui-se of study at Sandhurst Mili- 
tary Training College, comiirtg out a,t the 
top of 148 candidates. Afteirwards he ac- 
ceptoel a comanission in the Royal Warwicks. 

Mr. D. Everett Ward, of Albany, N.Y., the 
President of the State of New York Board 
for Registration of Architects, announces that 
his Board have received and are now in- 
vestigating many hurudreds of applications to 
be granted certificates as having been in prac- 
tice before April 8, 1914. The prc)oes3 of 
examining the records and estaiblishing the 
identity of applicants will, he says, necessarily 
occupy some months, but already 600 names 
have been approved and passed. It is now un- 
lawful to practise as ,an architect in the State^ 
without a certificate. 

Mount Vernonv, the home_ of George Wash- 
ington, on the Potomac River, below Wash- 
ington, D.C., is a spot sacred to every Ameri- 
can. After more than a century of use, the 
stones forming tlie floor of the muchrworn 
portico have become worn beyond rep^air, and 
efforts are now being put forth to replace 
them. Not content with material that might 
be more easily procured, stones from the old 
St. Bee's Head quarry in Cumberland, in 
this country, from whence Washington got 
the first stones, more than two hundired years 
ago, have been obtained, and ai-e now on 
their way to Mount Vernon. 

According to the annual report of the Comp- 
troller of Railway Statistics, an arldition of 
4,784 miles was made during the year which 
ended June 30, 1915, to the mileage actually in 
operation by Canadian railways. ^ The total 
mileage of Canadian railways is given as 
35,683. Of this lotal, Ontario, with 10,703 
miles in operation, still has a railway mileage 
more than double that of any other Province. 
Saskatchewan conies next with 5,327, which 
fact indicates the great extension of railway 
facilities in the Prairie Provinces during the 
last few years. Manitoba has 4,898 miles ; 
Quebec, 4,'677 ; .\lbcrta, 3,174; British Colum- 
l)ia, 3,000; New Brunswick, 1,962; Nova Scotia, 
1,367; Prince Edward Island, 275; Yukon, 102. 
The remaining 398 miles consist of Canadian 
lines in United States. 


THE r,ril.l)l.\(i XKWS: No. 31^09. 

JlLY 5, 191(J. 

At 11 Suuth StafFonUhiro tribunal iiioi'tin^ 
lit'Ut oil 'I'hiir.tiltiy it wus roporU'd thut in ii 
town of 7.000 ix>i>ultttion tlioic i* no« only oiir 
journoynKin ptiunbcr. 

Mr. (I. I,. I'oplcr will liolil u LoonI Govern- 
tnont IJourd inqniry on Kridiiy next ut Don- 
cantor into an -application for authority to 
propuro a town-planning sohonie. 

.■\t Butwith parish rlinrili. near Sclliy. on 
Wodtiotitlay, a now organ l>uilt by Messrs. 
Brindloy <tn<l Fostor, of jliuldorslii'lil. at a cosi 
of £400 was fornnilly dcilicaiod. 

Tho urban district council of Alsager have 
apiK>inted Alrwsrs. O. and F. Hodgson, of 
- IxHighborongh. to act as consulting engineers 
in connection with the water scheme. 

The death is reported of Bhai Ram .Singh. 
Surdar Bahadur, .M.V.O.. retired principal of 
the .Mayo School of Arts, Lahore, who de- 
corated the Indian Uurbar Hall in Osborne 
House for her late Majesty Queen Victoria. 

Tlie annual meeting of the Bristol and 
Gloucestershuc .Archaeological Society was held 
in Bristol on Monday, wlicn Mr. Sidney Hart- 
land, F.S...\.. the incoming President, gave an 
address on the liistory and legend of St. 
Kenclm, the Gloucestershire boy saint. Visits 
were afterwards paid to sonic of the citv 
churches and other places of interest. 

Mr. Gordon Hemm, Associate of the Man- 
chester Society of Architects, of Fern Lea. 
Heaton Chapel, has presonled to the library of 
the Royal Institute of British Architects, 9. 
Conduit Street, W.. two portfolios, containing a 
complete set of reproductions (recently pub- 
lished) of his measured drawings of the Man- 
chester Old Town Hall, which was demolished 
some three years ago. 

The Lord Bishoji of Lincoln visited Bilsby, 
near Alford, on Monday in last week on tlie 
occasion of the re-opening of the parish 
church, which has recently undergone restora- 
tion. The building has been re-roofed and re 
floored, the tower repaired, and the old- 
fashioned high-backed pews have given place 
to modern oak seats. The restoration entailed 
an expenditure of £900. of which sum £500 
had been seni by an American donor of the 
name of Bilsby. 

The chancel of St. Mary Macdalene Church 
Holmwood, has been beautilied'bv the erection 
of meniorial panelling on tJie north and south 
walls. The work is constructed in English oak. 
On the north side is an inscription panel with 
arms carved in relief and emblazoned slating 
i. * ,*T ,,P^"''"'"K is in memory of the late 
Mr. Holford becretan. of Reigate. The work 
has been carried out ty Messrs. Harrv Hems 
and Sons, of E-xeter. " » 

At a meeting of the Insurance Committee for 
the County of Lanark, held in Glasgow on Wed- 
nesday^ County Councillor Sullivan moved that. 
in the opinion of the Committee, no .scheme 
for the prevention of tuberculosis could be 
considered satisfactory if it fa.iled to take into 
account the unsatisfactory state of housing in 
the county and the startling decrease in the 
number of new houses whicli have been erected 
within recentyears. He stated that in the last 
few building had ceased in the county to 
a large extent. The resolution was adopted 

On Thursday week Stamford was visited by 
a pariy of engineers and chemists from Bir- 
mingham. Huddersfield, Halifax, York. 
Roth^rham, and other large centies. who were 
desirous to inspect the new activated sludge 
process for the clarification of sewage now in 
operation here. They were received by the 
mayor and .borough" surveyor (Mr. F. R. 
Ryman). and after fulfilling" the primary ob- 
ject of their visit inspected various local places 
of interest, and were shown the magnificent 
regalia. The visitors proceeded next day to 
Worcester to inspect a similar installation 

The adopted scheme for the electrification of 
the suburban railways in Sydney. X.S.W., is 
an ambitious one, involving, as it does, an 
estimated expenditure of £20.000,000. The 
inner zone railways to Parramatta, Hornsbv, 
Sutherland, and Bankstown are to be con- 
verted from steam to electric traction, a City 
Railway is to bo built, and there are to be 
lines to the eastern, western, and northern 
suburibs. There are to be two cantilever 
bridges across the harbour and the outer zone 
railways to Penrith, Campbelltown. Waterfall, 
the Ha.wkefib'ury river, and various other small 
branches in the isuburban area are to be elec- 
trified, and underground tramways con- 


We do not holt) ourst-Ives responsible for the opinions 
of our corrt'spomleiils. All comntunicatioiis bhoutd 
be drawn up as liriitly a.s possible, as tlit-re arc 
nutn.v ctauniuits upon the space allotted to 

It is part^iculari.v requested tliat all drawinss and 
all eointnunicutioiis respeeting illustrations or literary 
matter, LiMiks (or review, etc., should Ije addressed 
to the Editor o( the lilllLIiIXG Ni;«s, Kllliicliani 
House, 1, Arundel Street, Strand, \\'.C., and not to 
inenibers of the ttatf by name. Delay is not iufrc- 
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toiiiniunieations are sent at eontritmtors' risks, and 
the Editor will not undertake to pay for, or be liable 
for,, uusought contributions. 

When favouring us with drawings or photographs, 
archit-ects are asked kindly to state how long tJie 
Ijuilding has been erected. It does neither them nor 
us much good to illustrate buildings vfhieh have been 
some lime executed, except under special circum- 

■."Drawings of selected competition designs, im- 
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thapels, houses, etc. — we have usually tar more sent 
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may be ascertained on application. 

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OFFICER FOR THE WEEK.— Platoon Commander 
L. C. Hughes-Hallett. 

NEXT FOR DUTY.— Platoon Commander .1. R. G. 

APPOINT.MENT— Platoon (Dommander A. Gerard 
to lie Instructor of Musketry. 

SATTRDAY. ,IULY 8.— Instructional chiss. 2.30, 
Companv Commander Fleming. 

MONDAY. ,1ULY 10.— Technical for Platoon No. 9, 
4fi. Regency Street. S.W. Squad and P]:ito<m Drill, 
Platoon No. 10. Signalling Class and Recruits. 

TUESDAY. JULY 11.— Officer Instructional Class, 
6-7. Recruits. 7-S. Lecture. 7.15. " The Sy.stem of 
Command." Company Commander W. Hvnam, 

WEDNESDAY. JULY 12.— Platoon Drill lor No. 2' 

THURSDAY. JULY 18.— Platoon Drill, No. 6- 
Platoon. Recruits, 5.45-7.45.- Instructional Class. 

f'kiDAY. JULY 14.— Technical for No. 10 Platoon, 
46. Regency Street, S.W. Squad and Platoon Drill, 
No. 9 Platoon. 

SATURDAY. JULY 15.— Parade, Golders Green 
StatioTi, 3 sharx', uniform. 

SUNDAY. JULY 16.— Entrenching ;it Otford. 
Parade Victoria {S.E. and C. Railway Booking Office). 
8.35 a.m. Uniform, haversacks, water-bottles. Mid- 
day rations to be carried. Rtailway vouchers will be 

OTFORD CAMP.— For the standing Camp at 
Otford .see monthly orders. 

^MUSKETRY.- For all Comiianies see Notice and 
Tables \ and B at Headquarters. 

NOTE. — I'nless otherwise indicated, all drill, etc., 
will take place at Chester House. 
B\ order. 

July 3. 1916. 



SATURDAY (July 6. — -Association of Managers of 
Sewage Disposal Works. Annual 
Conference at the Town Hall, Shef- 
field. Presidential .-Address by Dr. 
Si(tnev Barwise. 11 a.m. 

An obelisk is to bo erected at Co*"jc1i Behar, 
India, in memory of the late Flight-Licutenant 
Waineford, V.C., in the compoun<l of the 
house in which lie was born. The design has 
been prepared by Mr. Stephen Wilkinson, 
L.R.I.B.A., of Dalhousie Square, Calcutta. 

The Ashton Gardens at St. Annes-on-Sea 
were opened on Saturday. The land, 14 acres 
in the centre of the town, was saved from- 
the builder through the generosity of Lord 
Ashton, who made the town a present of 
£26.000 for its purchase. The council have 
spent over £17,000 in its development, and have 
provideil for tennis and bowls and iimsic. 

July 12, 1916. 

Volume CXI. -No. 321 



Effingrham House, 

Curr<^ntc Calamo 25 

Duairt Castle, Is-land of Mull, N.B 26 

Welsh Historical Sculpture 26 

Blast Furnace Slag as a C!onstructional 

MateriaJ ■.. ..27 

'>\\T Ilhistra/tions 38 

Professional and Trade Societies 38 

Trade Notes 38 

•Trade Movements 38 

Buildint' Intelligence 3S 

tcsal Intelligence 38 


Our Office Table 39 

Chips 39 

L.itest Prices 40 

To Correspondents 41 

To Arms! 41 

Meetings for the Ensuing Week 41 

Tenders 41 

List of Tenders Open 41 

Duart Castle, Island of .Mull, Scotland. Additions 

:in'd reconstructions carried out by Sir John J. 

Strand, W.C. 

Burnet, R.S.A., LL.D., V.P.E.I.B.A. (Messrs. 
John Burnet and Son), Architect. Elevations, 
section, and plan of the ruins of the Castle prior 
to the commencement of the restorations. Eleva- 
tions and isectdon of the premises as now finished, 
with two pljini> of the chief floors of completed 

The Founder's Memorial Window, St. Chad's Church, 
Gateshead-on-Tyne. Designed and executed by 
Mr, Leonard Walker. R.I., K.B.A. 

dnvxtntt Calamo. 

The de;\d hand is not confined to nioi-t- 
_ .i^es, nur even to the wills of eccentric 

'-tutors. Ths idea that land should 
always remain as it is runs through all 
conveyancing law as a root principle. 
Land nia.y, by the changes of time, become 
ripe for development, as for building, and 
t its free use may be tied down by 
. -ohnicalities in old deeds which bave 
lung ago -sei'ved their purpose. Foi"tu- 
iiately. some of our judges can cut away 
red tape when necessary and let a little 
.layliglit even into the land laws. Tliis 

vas done by Mr. Justice Eve in the recent 

i-.' of " The Earl of Guildford v. the St. 
-■■n-ge's Golf Club Trust. Limited." 
i'here the plaintiff had, in 1907, sold the 
defendants some 30C acres of land in 
Kent, with a sea frontage of about three- 
.)uart«rs of a mile. The vendors were to 
make a coast road and put up a gate 
allowing tlie purchasers access to this 
road ; and that was done. But the golf 
club recently sold a part of their land and 
opened another gate for the new owner 
from tliis portion on to the road. The 
i.'ourt was now asked to say whether this 
second gate was allowable, as the deed of 
1907 had only provided for one gate. 
The judge held that as the parties cannot 
reasonably have supposed thafe all this 
land, with a fine sea frontage, would be 

-'•d as a golf course for ever, the deed 
1907 could only apply to that time and 
Jio longer. So the second gate was legal, 
and when the land gets developed and 
built upon there will doubtless be many 

'Sir. H. A. Rawlins, F.S.I., contributes 
a well-informed and suggestive article to 
t h'.' Land Union. Journal for July on 

Town Planning," in which he expresses 
I lie view that the Town Planning Act of 
1909 has had a more drastic and far-reach- 
ing advel-se effect on building develop- 
ment than the land taxes imposed by the 
l-inance Act of 1910. He argues that the 
I iincipal effect of the land duties is • to 
impose additional taxation, and therefore 
to produce a more or less measurable de- 
preciation in values, while the Town 
Planning Act, wherever and whenever it 
IS put in force, causes the jnactical cessa- 
tion of all development for an indefinite 

and indeterminable pei-iod. There is a 
good deal to be said for that view, and 
there is no doubt that tlie Town Planning 
Act needs drastic amendment. But, after 
all, it can only work mischief locally, 
while the ruinous effect of the land taxes 
is felt all over the country. At present, 
and probably for some time to come, the 
application of the Town Planning Act is 
likely to be limited, and ther'e is time in 
which to amend it on the lines Mr. Raw- 
lins indicates. But as long as Mr. Lloyd 
George's Finance Act remains on the 
Statute Book it is hopeless to attempt to 
attract capital for land development cr 

Here, as elsewhere, the architect is not 
often made the recipient of any special 
acknowledgment when the building on 
which he has bestowed all his skill and 
genius is opened. The titled or other 
celebrity who is the hero of the day 
generally gets the gold key, or, if it is a 
foundation-stone laying, the trowel, 
which not infrequently the architect is 
expected to paj' for, or^ at any rate, to 
subscribe towards. In the United States 
they are refreshingly beginning to wake 
up to the fact that architects, like other 
people, are worth a little encouragement 
now and then, and at the recent dedica- 
tion of the Alumni Gymnasium of the 
Alabama Polytechnic Institute, as 
rejjorted b}- the Smiihcrn Architect, Mr. 
Frank Lockwood, of Montgomery, Ala., 
architect of the building, was presented 
with a handsome gold watch fob by the 
authorities of the college, and this was 
given due prominence in the newspapers. 
Again, at the opening exercises of the 
Rochester, N.Y., Y.M.C.A., the three 
architects, Mr. John F. Judson, of New 
York, and Messrs. Foster Warner and 
Claude Bragdon, of Rochester, and 
Charles W. Hoffman, superintendent, 
wei'e among the guests at a dinner to cele- 
brate the event. This, we agree with the 
Ohio Architect, is a wholesome change 
since the time when the firm of McKim, 
Meade and White was asked to remove 
its name, carved in an inconspicuous 
place on the Boston Public Library — anil 

strating the needs and advantages of good 
roads. The contest is open to everyone, 
whether a member of the association or 
not, and any number of pictiu-es can be 
submitted. The photographs must be of 
some road within the United States, and 
may show good or bad roads, as long as 
they tell a story. Cash prizes to the 
amount of |2,600 are offered, ranging 
from $00 to $5^ there being 166 prizes in 
all. The contest is open until November 
7, and particulars can be obtained by 
addressing " Good Roads Everywhere 
Photograph Contest/' National Highways 
Association, Washington, B.C. Some of 
our road construction firms might find it 
pay to follow the example here. Thanks 
to the Board of Trade and the Road 
Board, we can, show some bad roads 
America would find it hard to beat ! 

politely acquiesced. 

The American National Highways 
Association announces a prize contest for 
photogi'aphs that can be used for demon- 

We are very glad the Government 
agreed last Wednesday to amend the 
clause in the Acquisition of Land Bill for 
the defence of the realm by which it 
sought to become the permanent owner of 
our public commons, by consent or com- 
pulsion. This is mainly due to the recent 
protest of Lord Eversley, to whom all 
thanks are due for the prevention of what 
might have become a public scandal. 
There is not a man or woman in the realm 
who would refuse our last square inch of 
land, public or private, for temporary use 
in our present emergencies, but we have 
been too familiar in the past with the 
tactics of the land-grabber in touch with 
the Government to trust what is left of 
our public commons to " a person in- 
terested," who, under cover of public 
zeal, finds it to his own advantage to con- 
spire with Governments to encroach on 
the rights and liberties of his neighbours 
and the general public. That sort of self- 
sacrifice is too closely akin to the charity 
of the man who goes round with the bag 
and is much more likely to filch some of 
its contents than to put anything in him- 
self ! 

AVe venture to think architects here 
luight find it beneficial, especially in the 
jiresent position of the timber trade, to 
follow the example of their American 
brethren and take organised steps to en- 
sure a supply of good and reliable timber 
for use in their buildings. The Illinois 


Till', lU ll.DIMi iSEVVS: .\o. :J:>10. 

July 1i>, lOKi. 

isociety of Architects mid the vendors and 
inanufiicturers of timber t>f the district 
have arrived at » co-o|)erative arfaiigo- 
inent ti> ensure the acce|itiiiue i)f a stand- 
ing siKK-itiiation fur all timber required, 
and the branding of the timber in accord- 
ance therewith. In the words of the lum- 
bermen, the lumber producers in this case 
aim to make every timber they ship a 
promissory note, and the Illinois archi- 
tects are anxious to accept this style of 
security in their model building specifica- 
tions. When the architect wants a 
specific quality of lumber for a building, 
for instance, requiring maximum dura- 
bility and strength, he will specify the use 
of timber of a special grade, and the 
manufacturer's brand on this timber will 
guarantee to the architect that he is 
giving his client an adequate quality of 
timber. Some British architects specify 
timber rather loosely, including goods, 
even, that have long since ceased to 
appear on the market, so it is perhaps 
fair to admit that, educationally, the 
architect miglit moit- certainly get what 
he wants wh-^n he knows what to ask for, 
as. presumably, he would by co-operation 
■with the timber merchant of the kind 



Duart Castle was the ancient strong- 
hold of the chiefs of the Clan McLean. 
The building is beautifully situated at 
Duart Point, on the Island "of Mull, about 
three miles south-east of the pier at Craig- 
nure. It has been carefully restored re- 
cently from plans prepared "bv the archi- 
tect. Sir .lohn J. Burnet. LL!D.. R.S.A.. 
senior partner of the well-known firm of 
Messrs. .John Burnet and Son. of Glasgow 
and London. We give a double page 
illustrating the castle as it was prior to 
the restoration and including the plan of 
the ruins. Our second plate, printed in 
brown, shows what has been carried out. 
and the single-page illustration repro 
duces the plans as now completed. 

Originally the building consisted of a 
keep with very thick outer walls and en- 
closing a courtyard. This courtyard 
masonwork bears evidence of being of 
earlier date than the keep, some parts of 
■which date from about the 14th 
century. The courtyard was originallv 
73 ft. long by 65 ft. broad, but this had 
been reduced to 55 ft. by 44 ft., owing to 
the erection of buildings on two of its 
sides at some later date, probably during 
the 16th or 17th centuries. 

The whole structure is practically built 
on the lace of a cliff averaging" about 
50 ft. liigh and rising above what may 
have been at one time the shore ; but this 
land now is a rough pasturage, fairly 
level until it reaches the sea some 150 
yards distant. The main entrance to the 
castle is by an opening 7 ft. wide by 9 ft. 
high, situated in the southern wall "of the 
courtyard. In the restoration of the castle 
the jointing of the existing walling had to 
be thoroughly raked out, and the masonry 
was then machine-grouted and re-pointed, 
afterwards being coated with waterproof 
material in order to make the walls per- 
fectly watertight. The buildings were en- 
tirely roofed in and re-floored, after which 
the interior was suitably finished to 
render the castle habitable. The keep 
now contains on the first floor the drawing- 
room, off which there is a winter garden, 
er lounge, as seen by the accompanying 

plan. The floor above contains the prin- 
cipal bedroom, dressing-room, and bath- 
room cti miite. Spare bedrooms and bath- 
room occur on the Hoor above, set at a 
level with the battlements. The lower 
floor ol the keep is devoted liow to the 
kitHien, with scullery, larder, and stores. 
The buildings on either side of the 
courtyard contain the dining-room, guests' 
bedrooms, antl sitting-rooms, with adja- 
cent bathroom accommodation, besides 
the usual apartments for the butler, 
housekeeper, and other servants. 

The castle is now- entirely lit through- 
out with electric light. A Lister-Bruston 
engine plant, which works automatically, 
is laid down in a building erected for that 
purjiose outwith the castle walls. There 
IS also an excellent supply of water 
gathered from springs ir. the hills and led 
into the storage tanks on the top uf the 
castle buildings. The work has been in 
course of construction for the last four 
years, and now the castle is ready for 

The founder of the house of Duart was 
Lauchlan McLean, surnamed Lubanach. 
who in 136b married Margaret, daughter 
of the first Ixird of the Isles. Duart has 
certainly been one of the most e.xtensive 
and powerful of the castles of the West. 
The ancient walls of enceinte no doubt 
formed the castle previous to that time, 
and it is not improbable that the keeji 
was erected by Lubanach, with whose 
date its style exactly corresponds. In the 
" Account of the Clan M'Lean, by a 
Seneachie," it is stated that "Hector 
M('r was the founder of that noble addi- 
tion to Duart Castle called the Great 
Tower. He lived altogether more like a 
noble of our own day than as a feudal 
baron." This was in the middle of the 
16th century, and he maj' have built the 
earlier parts of the additions bearing all 
the marks of a second-period keep, while 
later erections were in the style of the 
15th and 17th centuries. When James VI. 
found himself backed with the power ol 
England he took steps to insure order 
against the feuds and insurrections at 
that time, which were endless. Hector 
MT.ean of Duart then occupied a fore- 
mtisl place in the islands, and it seems 
very likely that the enlargement of the 
castle by the buildings on the north was 
carried out by him or under his son Lach- 
lan, who in 1631 attended Court and was 
created a Nova Scotia baronet. He died 
at Duart in 1669, The earliest notice 
known of the castle is in 1390. though 
castles of some kind doubtless occupied 
this im])ortant strategic point in the 
^\'estern Islands from a very early date, 
and this one corresjwnded rather with 
ethers such as Mingarry. Castle Roy, and 
Kinclaven. The keep at Duart is of a dif- 
ferent style from the wall of the enceinte, 
and is clearly an addition, its construc- 
tion being similar to that of large keeps 
of the jieriod on the main land, such as 
Dundonald, in Ayrsiiire, and Drum, in 
Deeside. The original doorway, which has 
a round-headed arched head, was on the 
first-floor level with the rock outside. The 
building on the east side of the court- 
yard dated earlier than that on the north, 
and contained in the basement four 
vaulted cellars. A crenellated parapet 
existed all round the walls of the enceinte 
for defence. Two views of the ruin and a 
plan, with sketch of the dooi-j^y, will be 
found in the third volume of "TThe Castel- 
lated and Domestic Architecture of Scot- 
land from the 12th to the 18th Century." 
by Messrs. David !Macgibbon and Thomas 
Ross. 1889, and some of the historic par- 
ticulars given above are takeii from their 
pages. Duart Castle being set down among 
the "first period" of strongholds still 
remaining more or less complete in Scot- 


The diliiculties of the .sculptor are n'a 
diiumished wlieii he lias to deal with 
niylliical or semi-historical characters, 
and it is not, therefore, surprising that 
the eleven statuary grou])s given by Loid 
Khondda for the adornment of the Cardiff 
City Hall — which was (jpened on Octohii 
29, 1906, and erected from the designs ol 
.Messis. Lanchester and Rickards— lack, 
with one exception, the interest thai 
naturally attaches to a more or less suc- 
cessful rejuoduction of the similitude of 
the celebrity commemorated. Doubtless 
all the artists commissioned have done 
their best to realise the attributes of their 
subjects, and no one can fairly blame 
them for not doing more. As a whole, the 
exhibition is a creditable one, and one is 
glad that by the liberality of Lord 
Rhondda the eight vacant pe^lestals and 
two large enijpty niches in the Cardiff 
City Hall are so soon to be filled. 

It was agreed that the statuary should 
rejireseiit ten chief figures in W'(-lsh his- 
tory down to the beginning of the Vi' - 
torian era. To select ten Avho would re 
ceive unanimous public acceptance was a 
difficult matter in a Celtic nation like 
Wales, so Lord Rhondda threw the choice 
open to the whole of the Principality, and 
invited lists of names in a competition in 
which a substantial prize was offered to 
the competitor whose ten most nearl; 
approached the list finally selected ^ 
three eminent Welshmen who were ap- 
pointed as judges by reason of their fit- 
ness to decide in a matter of historic in- 
terest. The three were the late Sir T. 
Marchant Williams, stipendiarv magis- 
trate for Merthyr Tydfil ; Mr. ' W. Lle- 
welyn Williams, K.C., M.P., the Re- 
corder of Cardiff ; and Professor T. Powel. 
of the South Wales and Monmouthshii.- 
University College. Later, a slight r>= 
vision of the scheme was made, and rooni 
was found for an eleventh feature — :i 
statue group of Boadicea, the British 

In developing his plans, Lord Rhondd i 
had the assistance of a committee. wli<. 
ajipointed Mr. J. Havaid Thomas as then 
assessor. Mr. Havard Thomas, actini; 
with the committee, decided that ii" 
sculptor should execute more than one 
work, and that there should be frequent 
collocations of sketch models until com- 
mittee and sculptors were fully satisfied 
that the characters to be represented were 
fully realised. The final sketch models lo 
one-third scale are included in the exhi- 

With respect to the pedestals, when it 
was deckled that the finest statuary 
marble. Serravezza, should be employed 
in the sculptures, it was found necessar\ 
to replace the stone bases in the Cit.v 
Hall by marble pedestals, so designed that 
they should be in unison with the groups 
or statues they were to carry, and at the 
same time to be in harmony with the 
marble hall. Lord Rhondda commissioned 
Mr. Havard Thomas to take the work in 
hand. The results are the pedestals exhi- 
bited, which consist of Pentelicon marble, 
enriched with Siena marble panels. 

Sir W. Goscombe John. R.A.. was 
chosen to execute the statue of St. David, 
the patron saint of Wales, known during 
his lifetime as Dewi. who is represented 
preaching, and wearing the chasuble and 
dalmatic, with the jiallium " worn by the 
dignitaries of the Church," as the cata- 
logue says, 

Boadicea, or Buddug, as it seems the 
Welsh prefer to call the heroic widow- 
queen of the King of the Iceni, who occu- 
pied Middlesex and Essex, is by Mr, J. 
Havard Thomas, R.W.A. She is repre- 
sented appealing to the Britons to avenge 
her wrongs, and folds in her arms her 
two daughters. 

July 12, 1916. 



I Harri Tewdwr, or Henry the Seventh, 

as we knuw him, frir whom Mr. Ernest G. 
(Mllick was given the commission, is 
uiily e.xliibited in plaster, the sculp- 
tor having been unavoidably delayed in 
the completion of the marble. He is 
represented, newly crowned, after his 
victory over Richard III., when Rhys 
Thomas, whu had served him manfully, 
was commanded to kneel, whereupon 
Henry, bearing the standard of the fiery 
dragon, came nigh him, and, turning to 
the multitude, said, " This is my well- 

One of the most successful is the statue 
of Llewelyn, the last independent Prince 
uf Wales, by ilr. Henry Pegram, A.R.A. 
He is represented standing, but leaning 
on the trunk of a tree. He looks upward, 
and his right hand is raised to Heaven in 
defiance. On the ground on his right lies 
a dead Welsh soldier, and, crouching on 
the ground on his left, is his bard, hold- 
ing in his lap a harp. 

Howell the Good, who died in 959, after 
a jieaceful reign of forty years, and who 
is said to have promoted and promulgated 
the codification of the theretofore un- 
written laws of his country, is portrayed 
by Mr. F. W. Pomeroy, " A.R.A. , as a 
niild, benevolent ruler, with his scribe 
kneeling at his feet. 

Bishoji Morgan, who died in 1604. and 
seems to have suffered at the hands of his 
biographer. Sir John Wynn of Gwdir, is 
represented by Mr. T. J. Clapperton in 
the indoor garb of an Anglican prelate of 
the time engaged in his translation of the 
Bible into Welsh. 

Another modern celebrity is Williams 
Pontyclelyn, who died in 1791, one of 
whose hymns, " Guide me, O thou Great 
.Tehovah," composed in English, is 
familiar to all readers. It is as curious as 
unfortunate that no portrait of so recent 
a celebrity e.xists, so Mr. L. S. Merrifield 
has had to depend on his creative imagi- 
nation for the likeness. 

Dafydd ap Gwilym the 14th century 
bard, has left little behind him in the 
wav of authentic biographv. He is por- 
trayed by Mr. W. W. Wagstaff as a 
yciuthful poet endowed with movement 
and life, and sensible to every mood of 

GiraMus Cambrensis, who, we are told, 
"began life as an aristocratic Norman 
and ende<l a Welsh patriot," is depicted 
by Mr. Henry Poole. R.B.S., in his work- 
aday cassock, book in hand, and pen-case 
and ink-horn in his girdle. This is another 
• .f the more successful efforts, well em- 
bodying the characteristics of a great 
literary worker. 

Owen Glendower. whose effigy Mr. 
Alfred Turner. R.B.S., was selected to 
execute, is represented as a man of 
spiritual aspirations — an enthusiast with 
lofty ideals and noble aims, "not a mere 
ambitious rebel, as wrongfully depicted 
in English histories." 

Mr. T. Mewburn Crook, R.B.S., has 
had the advantage of fairly reliable por- 
traiture for his statue cif Sir Thomas 
Picton, and has probably chosen rather 
to represent him in the full vigour of his 
sjilendid manhood than at the age of fifty- 
seven, when he died gloriously on the field 
of Waterloo. He is represented in full 
dress uniform, with a militarv' cloak slung 
loosely over his shoulders, and wearing 
the decorations, medals, and clasps of a 
K.C.B., and of the Portuguese Order of 
the Tower and Sword. 

f »»» * 

Spcond Lieutenant H. W. Ppgg. .Sur- 
rey Regiment, died of wounds on .July 4. He 
was the youngest ^on of Mr. H. Carter Peg.g. 
F.R.I.B,.\., of W(vstmin,ster and Thorriton 
Heath, Surrey. Educated at the Whitgift 
Grammar School, Croydon, he obtained Ids 
i'oniniission in December, 1914, as soon as he 
was eighteen years old. 

By E. C. Brown.* 

Blast furnace slag has already found its 
way into an extensive field of industrial use- 
fulness, principally, of course, as construction 
material. Gramulated slag, that is, hard slag 
ground down to a finer and more granular 
sub-stanee resembling in appearance coarse 
sand, is used as. a ma.terial in cement manu- 
facture, as a cushion under brick and Mock 
pavements, as a filter material in certain 
chemioal recovery processes, as a. fine aggre- 
gate in concrete, etc. Hard slag, crushed 
and screened to size, is used for railroad bal- 
last, for road macadam and paving tounda.- 
tions, as a conjci^ete aggregate, as a filter 
material in sewage disposal work, as a 
maiterial in fireproof construction, etc. 

Perfiaps tlie most extensive use of com- 
mercial hard slag to-day is in road improve- 
ment work, in which it has given most satis- 
factory results. This is so wheUier in plain 
water-bound macadam, or in oombination 
with tars, as'plialts or other special binders. 
Several of these roads liave been in sen-ice 
from two to five years and are wearing well. 

As an aggregate in concrete for all general 
purposes sJag has been, thoroughly tested and 
is far beyond the experimental stages. It 
lias gone into* all kinds of buildings., walls, 
bridge work, light reinforced structures as 
fence posts and poles, floors, roof 
slabs, and in fact into practically everything 
for wWoh concrete nf any kind is suitable. 
In not a few classes of construction, it is 
especially well adajjted because of its rela.tive 
lightness, good bending qualities, and per- 
fect fire-resisting nature. 


Average conuneroial blast furnace slag has 
a specific gravity of about 2 : 62 ; limestone 
averages, 2 : 60 ; granite, 2 : 68 ; and trap rock, 
2 : 96. Slag is of a greyish colour, breaks 
with decided angularity, is somewhat porous, 
and weighs commercially approximately 
2,000 lbs. per cubic yard. Of these qualities, 
perliaps, the most im.porta.nt, or at least the 
most conspicuous, is its porosity, which may 
be properly characterised as cellular 
construction. This accounts for its rela.tive 
li^t weight, both in the natural fragment 
and in combination., as, for instance, in 

At this point perliaps we may as well refer 
to tihe weig^hit. of some of the forms of blast 
furnace slag we have been considering : 

Crushed and sized bank slag, as ordinarily 
pnxluced and shipped, weighs 1,900 lbs. to 
2,100 lbs. per cubic yard ; probably 2,000 lbs. 
is. very niear the average. 

Granulated slag varies greatly, probably as 
low as 800 lbs. or 900 lbs. to as high as 
1,500 lbs. to 1,600 lbs. average, say, 1,300 lbs. 
— both fineness and moisture greatly affecting 
the weight. 

It imi^it be interesting to note some of the 
relations by weight between the slags we 
have been considering, the raw materials and 
the metal product. Under average conditions, 
the weight of slag from the blast furnace is 
about 50 per cent, of that of the metal pro- 
duced. This is, however, subject to con- 
siderable viiriation. It may, imder certain 
furnace burdens, Ije nearly as low as 40 per 
cent, or, again, as high as 60 per cent., 
although that resulting from the production 
of ferro manganese may even, co-nsiderahly 
exceed 100 per cent. Therefore, given, the of iroin produced at a plant or in a 
district, we h.ave at once pract-ically learned 
the amount (in tons) of blast furnace sla.g. 

Tllie amount of slag to the ton of metal in 
the steel making or iron refining processes 
is much less and also much more variable 
than t.ha.t from the bla-st furnace. It aver- 
ages rath'.r less than' 10 per cent, by weight. 
To roughly complete quantitative analysis, we 
might add that a.ll the ot.her waste and refuse 
material would perhaps amo.unjt to about 20 
per cent. From this we may say roughly, 
that from a fairly complete modern plant 
producing, say, one million tons of iron, which 
it converts into steel, and t.lien. rolls into 
finished or semi-fi.nish.ed products, there is 

turned out about 800,000 tons of slag and 
refuse waste material. The metal and this 
w.xste are all the solid or non-volatile matter 
left of the three and a-half million tons of 
raw materials, ore. coke, and limestone, used 
in the original smelting operation. 

But little commercial or industrial use has 
thus far been made of either the open hearth 
or oonveiter slags as compared with the' 
better known and more abundant blast fur- 
nace slag. 

Open liearth slag has been ground and 
u,sed in agriculture with success as a soil 
corrective, giving higher and quicker results 
than lime applied in other and nxore usual 


Prior to tilie year 1908 occasional uses of 
slag had been made in concrete work, nota.bly 
machine slag in fireproofing, etc., but during 
that year there began a series of somewhat 
elaborate experiments, which involved the 
maniufa.ot.ure of about eight hundred concrete 
specimens in the form of 12-in. by 16-in. 
cylinders, and wliiolt continued over a period 
of two years. These experiments were made 
for coni.parativ6 purposes and included 
specimens of stone and gravel, as well as slag 
concrete. The tests indicated generally t.hat 
slag concrete was fully equal to either of the 
others, and in maJiy instances it proved 
superior to tihem. 

The results of these experiments were pub- 
lished during the year 1911 in pamphlet forni 
under the title " Furnace Slags in Concrete." 
The tests had been undei^taken at their in- 
ception to determine for our own guidance in 
our construction work, the desirability, or at 
least admissibility, of slag for concrete pur- 
poses. The results seemed sufficiently con- 
clusive to justify the printing of the booklet, 
not only to furnisli information to our own 
engineers, but also to give some publicity to 
the facts. 

At tlie present time there is to be tinder- 
taken a somewhat more extensive similar 
seii-ies of experiments, in which slags, stonies 
and other materials from rather widely 
separated sources, are to be tested in 

For several years now a.t most of our plants 
we have used slag almost exclusively in our 
concrete work, and have also sold large quan- 
tities for such use. We have yet to learn of 
a case where unsatisfactory results followed, 
or any troubles developed due to the use of 
the slag. 

Of all the uses thus far found for blast fur- 
nace .slag, there is none to which it is so well 
adapted as its use in concrete. In its texture 
and physical properties, even in its_ substance- 
it-self, it is so similar to the cement which 
binds the thousands of particles into a dense 
and h.omogeneous mass, that it is almost, if 
not quite, the ideal material. 

* Before the Engineers' Society of Western Pcnn- 

With a. view to arriving at an amicable 
settlement a conference has been arranged 
between the Grantham Town Council and the 
Grantham Rural District Council, to consider 
proposals for the prevention of stoi-m waters 
from flowing into the sewer a.t Middle Gonerby. 

AH tlioso aroliitects desirous of joining the 
23rd County of London. Regiment will be 
applied for en bloc on Saturday next. July 15, 
jirovided they will meet together at the Reffi- 
mcntal Headciuarters, 27. St. Jolin.'s Hall, 
Claiih.-im Junction, on that date, at 3 p.m. 
Only men pasBcd by a Medical Board as fit 
for genenali service can. apply. the Civil Service Pensions granted 
during the past year are roportiid that to 
Mr. Joseph Comyns Carr. " in consideration 
of his services to art., literature, and the 
drama, and of his BtraiteiuMl circumstances," 
£200 a year; and that to Dr. Thomas Ross. " in 
recognition, of his services to the history of 
architecture, and of his etnaitened circum- 
stances," also of £200. 

Mr. G. E. Gregson, of Hesket.h Road, South- 
port, agent to tihc Hesiketh Estate, has re- 
ceivecl official in.fornvation that his son. Cap- 
tain. Ediward Maurice Gregson, of the Loyal 
North Lancashire Regiment, has been killed 
in aoti.on. Captain Gregson, -wlio was in his 
twenty-seventh year, was a professional 
a.ssociate of the Surveyors' In.stitution. and at 
the outbreak of hostilities he was reading for 
■ hie fello-wship. 





jit t 

\y If 







M '-^^ 



Prior to Additions and Reconstructions carried out by 

y Sir John J. Bj 





FnoM THE we:5T . 


.)OHv/| BuCi«T ,1 son AUCHT3 
259 S ViMCrnT St CLASficw 


.S.A., LL.D., V.P.R.LB.A. (Messrs. John Burnet and Son), Architect. 


niE BUILDING NEWS: No. 321 0. 

Jlly 1-J, 1910. 

Our JUnstrations. 

A ilesriiptidii (if tliis ancient stronghold will 
be found in our first article in this issue. 

DOW. ST. IIIAD :> nUHril, C.ATKS- 

The position of this handsome window is in 
the north traniiept of St. Chad's Chiircli. 
The subject which occupies the main portion 
of the five lights is the .\scension, and at the 
base of each compartment occur scenes from 
the life of Our Lord after "' The Resurrec 
tiou," commencing with " The Appearance to 
Mary Magdalene, " "The Interview with tlie 
Two Disciples on the Way to Emmaus," 
"The Appearance of the Saviour to the 
Eleven as they Sat at Meat," " The Appear 
ance at the Sea of Tiberias," and "The 
Lord's E.\luprti>tion to the Apostles," concern- 
ing the foundation of Holy Church. The 
window has been erected in memory of Emily 
Matilda Eastoii, who founded this church in 
Gateshead. The designer of the window is 
Mr. Leonard Walker, R.L, R.B.A., of King 
Henrv's Road, llampstead, N.W. In e.xecut- 
ing the colours and glazing he has dispensed 
as far as possible with painting on the glass, 
havinjr obtained his rich effects in the only 
legitimate manner, viz., by varying the thick- 
ness of the transparent material employed. 
The result, thus insured, recalls the old glass 
found in the great churches of France, which 
is so distinguished for rich colouring and pos- 
sessing the essential jewelled effect so largely 
due to the " plaiting ' of the glass, as above 
mentioned. The artist is exhibiting a draw- 
ing of this window in the Architectural 
Gallery of the Royal Academy this year 
(1714), and the photograph herewith repro- 
duced was taken specially for illu.stration in 
our pages. We gave a very suggestive and 
interesting paper on " The Theory of Design 
and Practice of Stained Glass " in the 
Building News for March 7, 1913, written 
by Mr. Leonard Walker, who has adhered to 
his principles in executing this work to which 
we direct attention to-day as an excellent 
example of its kind. 




animal meeting of the Royal Arch»ological 
Iius^titute has been held at Burlington, 
the President, Sir Henry H. Howorth in the 
chair. In moving the adoption of the report 
the President stated that the Institute wafi 
financially sound. The report was adopted. 
Professor W^ Boyd Dawkins was elected a 
vice-president, and the following members 
were appointed to the Coun<:il : Prebendary 
Clark-Maxwell, the Rev. R. M. Serjeant- 
son, the Rev. J. Kestell Flover, Lieutenant- 
Colonel H. A. Fletcher, Colonel J. R. Par- 
ker, and M. A. L, Radford. ilr. Ayraer 
Vallance afterwards read a paper by Mr. F. 
E. Howard on " Cheshire Churches." 


Arrangements are being made to hold the 
Building Trades' Exhibition at Olympia in 
April. 1917. 

Under the direction of Mr. W. R. B 
Richardson, acting county architect, Glamor- 
gan County Council, Neath, Boyle's latest 
patent "Air-Pumip" ventilators have been 
adopted for the Cymmer Council School, Port 
Talbot. Glam. 

Private Warwdok, of the Expeditionary 
Force, writes from Alexandria : " Have we any 
agents here for Bergens' Paint? If not, I 
a-m anxious to know how a one-gallon tin. of 
B.-P. came to get out h*re. I saw an Ara.b 
decorating a house with it." 

>-•••»< . 


Glasgow. — The master builders of this city 
have agreed to raise the wages of masons and 
bricklayers from lO^d. to lid. per hour. 
»->0a*— < 

The Lord Mayor of Dublin, accompanied by 
the town clerk, the city treasurer, the city 
architect, and some members of the municipal 
council, left Dublin on Wednesday for London. 
Tliey have sinc^ discussed with Mr. Asquith 
the rebuilding of the ruined parts of the city. 

Uniltiing Intelligent. 

Chelsea.- Her .M.ijcsty the Queen opened 
yesterday the new Chelsea Hospital for 
Women in the Fulhani Road. The archi- 
tects are Messrs. Keith D. Yoinig, 
K.R.I. H.A., and Alner W. Hall, A. R.I. B. A., 
of Southampton Street, Blouin.sbui-y, W.C. 
We gave a (hnible page illustration and 
a full description of the building in our i.ssue 
of October 3, 1913. The elevations are in 
red brick, with Portland -stone dressings. The 
out patients' department is in the basement ; 
the giound floor is devoted to administrative 
offices, board-room, secretary's office, and sit 
ting-room and (juartcrs for two medical officers. 
The main kitchen block is also on this flwir, 
with nurses' dining-rooms and servants' hall, 
four single-bed wards for special cases, operat- 
ing-room, bathroom, etc. On the ]irst and 
second floor are the wards proper, thirty-six 
beds on each. The first floor has also the 
principal theatre block, with its adjuncts. The 
flat roof will be used as a roof garden. The 
teak-wood panjuet flooring to the board-room, 
and the whole of the terrazzo marble mosaic 
paving to the entrance hall, corridors, operat- 
ing-room, bathrooms, and kitchen, has been 
executed by Turpin's Parquet Floor, Joinery, 
and Woodcarving Company, of 25, Nottiiig 
Hill Gate, W, 

Rattray, N.B.— As a memorial to the late 
Right Hon. T. R. Buchanan, M.P. for 
East Perthshire and Under-Secretary for 
India, a home, erected by Jlrs. Buchanan, 
has been opened at Rattray, Blairgowrie. 
The home has accommodation for some 
twenty beds, and stands in secluded grounds 
of two acres in extent. The building, which 
has been erected from jdans by Mr. Fairlie, 
a nephew of the late Mr. T. R. Buchanan, 
and carried out under the supervision of Mr. 
Luke Falconer, architect, consists of a cen- 
tral block with two wings, one for females 
and the other for males, and cost about 




— Judgment was given in the Court of Appeal 
on Saturday by the Master of the Rolls and 
Lords Justices Pickford and Warrington, in 
the action, Pritehett and Gold and Electrical 
Power Storage Co., Ltd., v. Currie and 
another. It was an appeal of the defendant, 
Mrs. Currie, from an order of Mr. Justice Sar- 
gant. The Master of the Rolls, in giving 
judgment, said Mrs. Currie, of LTpham, con- 
tracted with the Hamble River, Luke, and 
Co.. Ltd., that they should supply and instal 
at her house an electric installation, the 
contract price being about £1,300. Among 
the tilings which iwere required wa.s a storage 
battery and cells. The defendant company 
had to obtain that from another firm, and 
they entered into a contract for a battery to 
be supplied by the plaintiffs, and under that 
contract the plaintiffs were to .be answerable 
for its erection. The battery was supplied, but 
'before the work was completed the Hamble 
River, Luke, and Co., Ltd., got into difficul- 
ties, and went into voluntary liquidation. The 
plaintiffs did not w^ish to prove in the winding- 
up, and they contended that the property had 
passed to Mrs. Currie, and that she was liable 
to pa.v them direct, and they sued her, there- 
fore, for the price of the battery and things 
they had supplied. Mrs. Currie thereupon en- 
tered an interpleader issue, and applied to 
have the Hamble River, tLuke, -and Co., Ltd., 
made defendants to tlie action ; but the Master, 
who made the order as asked, made it a condi- 
tion that the lady should bring the amount 
claimed, less certain ex]ienses she had incurred, 
into court. The plaintiffs then brought an action 
to recover this mone.v which is in CQurt. Their 
claim was allowed by Mr. Justice Sargant, and 
the appeal was brought against his judgment. 
The question was: What was that money? It 
was, on the face of it, part of the contract price 
w^hicli the defendants were entitled to be paid 
by Mrs. Currie. It was said that the property 
had passed to Mrs, Currie, and that the ven- 
doi-s, as sub-contractors, were entitled to follow 
their goods, the company which made the con- 
tract with them being in liquidation. The 
question cf property in the goods was a diffi- 
cult point. iHe did not wish to decide it, 
althous'h he thought probably that the pro- 
perty had passed. He was content to decide 
the aijjpeal on this ground, that the contract 

.Mrs. Currie had nia<le with the defendant coni- 
I'aiiy was one for £1,300, and included work 
un<l nuit<Tials ouI^ide th^* sub-contract 
aItog«*tlier. \\hi<-h was in refer<'iice to one item 
only. That wa,>i Mr. R<niu-r"s cont^'Ution in 
support of the u.ppeal. He said whether tho 
]n-operty pass^nl or not was iiinnaterial. as tho 
nioiK'V in court was paid in, not in satisfaction 
of the contract with tiie def<'inlants as a whole, 
in which cas.; the plainlilfs' claim would l>e 
yood, but in part payment of a larger claim, 
and could not, therefore, be elaime<l by tho 
plaintilfs. He saw no answer to that conten- 
tion, and it followed that the iilaintifTs could 
not claim to have it jiaid out to them. The 
ajtpeal w<»ul<l U' allowed, with the usual con- 
sequences. Lords .lusticcs Pickford and War- 
rington gave judgiiK'nt to the like effi'Ct. Order 
accordingly. It is consitlered j^ossible that the 
case may be taken to the House of Lords. 

The Dublin Rebellion and Propertt 
Owners' Chims. — Ai' important decision was 
announced on Monday by the Recorder of 
Dublin, who, sitting in Green Street Court 
House, struck out a long list of adjourned 
ajjplications for compensation for criminal in- 
juries to propertv during the recent rebellion. 
The claims made a total of £2,500,000. 'The 
cases had been listed on two previous occasions 
and adjourned owing to the (piestion of a 
Government grant being under consideration. 
The Recorder stated on Monday that he had 
received through the .Attorney-General an in- 
timation of the intention of the Government 
to introduce legislation on the subject of the 
claims before him. In these circumstances the 
keeping of the cases on the books was both 
useless and imnecessary. He would, therefore, 
strike them out, but in the event of failure to 
carry out the promised legislation he would 
give liberty to reinstate the cases. 

Conth.ictobs and Haulier. — At Droitwich 
County Court on Saturday Judge Ingham and 
a jury heard an action for breach of contract 
brought by Martin and Element, contractors, 
of Smethwick, against Thomas A, Everton, 
haulage contractor, of Droitwich. At the pre- 
vious court Everton had obtained judgment for 
£50 for work done for the firm, and the action 
tried on Saturday was a counter-claim for £482. 
against Everton for breach of contract. The 
case for Messrs. Martin and Element, for whom 
Mr. Ward appeared, was that in September, 
1914. Everton entered a verbal contract to 
haul with motor wagons a certain quantity of 
material recjuired in the construction of Lords- 
wood and Linden Roads, Bournville. for which 
the firm held a contract under the Birmingham 
Corporation to complete within eight months 
of the date of contract— April 29, 1914. Ever- 
ton did not haul the materials as fast as re- 
quired, which, it was stated in correspondence 
for the firm, was for 35 to 40 tons daily, and 
much delay in the progress of the work, and 
consequent loss to the firm, ensued as a conse- 
quence. The defence of Everton, for whom 
Mr. Eales appeared, 'was that the contracting 
firm were in a difficulty at the beginning of the' 
war in regard to labour and hauling work, and 
in order to be able to complete his contract Mr. 
Element approached Everton to help him out. 
Everton agreed to do what he could, and ad- 
mitted giving a quotation for haulage work 
for the Lordswood Road job, but denied that 
he entered into any contract to deliver any 
specific quantity of material. The jury found 
that the defendant, Everton, did not enter into 
any contract, and judgment was given in his 

In Re E. J. Jones, Kensington.— Mr. 
Edward James Jones, builder, who had_ traded 
as Jones Brothers at Oakwood Court, Kensing- 
ton, applied on Thursday for an order of dis- 
charge from liabilities estimated at £15,088. 
The Deputy Official Receiver, Mr. F. T. 
Garton. reported that the assets, consist- 
ing chiefly of equities of redemption in mort- 
gaged properties, were valued by the bank- 
rupt at £66.644, but had realised only £84 12s. 
The bankrupt, in partnership with his brother, 
who died in 1908, had built houses, flats, and 
shops in various parts of London. He attri- 
buted his failure to pressure by mortgagees, 
and to his inability to realise his properties 
owing to the depressed state of the money 
market. Mr. Registrar Brougham suspended 
the discharge for three years from November 
14, 1915. 


An application bv the urban district council 
of Bredbury and Roniiley, Cheshire, for per- 
mission to prepare town-plannine schemes for 
an area within the district, and also for an 
area within the Comostall Urban District, will 
be the subject of a Local Government Board 
inquirv by Mr. G. L. Pepler on Wednesday 
in next week. 



Sir John J. Birnet, R.S.A., LL.D., V.P.R.I.B.A. (Messrs. John Burnet and Son), Architect. 


I PliOtO.] 

Designed and Executed by Mr. Leonard Walker, R.I., R.B.A. 





239 5 MrtcTUT 5: 



DUART CASTLE, ISLAND OF MULL, SCOTLAND.— Additions and Reconstructions cai 


„OLY 12, 1916, 

Sir John.-' J. Burnet, R.S.A., LL.D., V.P.K.I.U.A. (Messrs. John Burnet and Son), Architect. 

July 12, 191(5. 



(Bm (B&a Wnhh. 

At Friday's meeting of the Metropolitan 
Water Board the General Pui-poses Coni- 
(iiittee rejjorted that they having been in- 
foinied that the services of the Board's 
iL-hitect. Mr, H. Austen Ha.ll, were desired 
\ the Admiralty for urgent work, they oon- 
Miited to his undertaking naval or military 
.-L'l'viee in the present^ war, subject to the 
i|ipointmeii!t by him of a deputy remunerated 
■ \ him, but approved by the Board, and to 
'lid office during their pleasure. Mr. Au.sten 
Hall thereupon received a commission iji the 
lloyal Xaval Reserve, and submitted the 
II jiame of Mr, Thomas Peter Olarkson, of 7, 
South .Square, Grays Inn, for approval by 
the Board as his deputy. Haviing satisfied 
themselves as to Mr. Clarkson's ability to act 
itt this capacity, they recommended that the 
apiJO'iiitmejit be approved. The report was 
adopted. They further formally reported 
that by direction of the Miini.s;try of Muni- 
tions under the Defence of the Realm Act 
the building operations on the Board's new 
head otfices in Rosebery A\enue w-ere discon- 
tinued on and as from June 23 last. The 
•work has reached the .second floor level, and 
considerable progress "has been made witii 
the third story. The superstructure hits since 
been examined by an inspector from the 
Ministry of Munitions, accompanied by the 
Board's deputy architect, for the puq}ose of 
deciding the steps necessary to be taken in 
order to place the building in a safe position. 
Provisional arrangements have been made 
and will be carried into effect subject to tihe 
Ministry's formal sanction. Having regard 
to the probable e.xtent of the loss or damage 
in the prci^ent instance and the existing un- 
satisfactory and expensive arrangements for 
housing the Board's staff, the committee have 
communicated wiith the Ministry of Muni- 
tions, urging that the resumption of the 
building ojierations should be sanctioned im- 
mediately the Ministry find themselves a.ble 
to lauthorise that course. They have also 
inquired whether some approximate informa- 
tion can be given as to the period which may 
be expected to elapse before building opera- 
tions may be resumed. 

An interesting discovery has been made, 
says the City Prcxs, in connection with the 
picturesque building over the ancient gate- 
way leading from Smithfield to the church 
of St. Bartholomew-the Great. Removal of 
the red brick tiles has revealed an Eliza- 
bethan half-timbered building, which was 
erected by the 'father of Philip Scudamore 
(whose monument is in the church) about the 
year 1592. The oak timber is in a wonder- 
ful .state of preservation— weather-worn on the 
surface, but quite sound and solid within. 
The trustees have, on the advice of the archi- 
tect to the church. Sir Astnn Webb, R.A., 
decided to remove all the tiles, and restore 
the old half-timbered building. Specimens 
of the tiles have been presented to the 
British, Guildhall, and London Museums. 

As a result of ' the recent agitation in 
Scotland for the creation of a Department 
of Forestry in connection with the Board 
of Agriculture, for the development of 
forestry in Scotland, and the preparation 
of schemes of afforestation, the Government 
have decided to conduct an inquiry into 
the subject of afforestation after the war. 
The inquiry has been entrusted to a sub- 
committee of the Reconstruction Committee 
of the Cabinet, and the proceedings will be 

A meeting of sharehohlers of the Limmer 
Asphalte Company is called for the 14th inst. 
to consider proposals for increasing the capital 
to £200,000 by the creation of 100,000 new 
shares of £1 each and the changing of the 
com]jany's name to that of the Limmer and 
Trinidad Lake Asphalte "Company. The in- 
crease in capital is requiied to carry out the 
jirovisional agreement for the acquisition of 
the Trinidad Lake Asphalte Paving Comjjany. 
The 75.000 shares already issued, together 
with 50,000 unissued shares, are to be con- 
verted into preference shares ranking as frcjm 
.Tanuary 1, 1916, for a non-cumulative divi- 
dend of 7^ per cent, per annum, and entitled. 

after payment of a like dividend on the 
ordinary shares, to 50 per cent, of the remain- 
ing divisible profits pari j/a.-^nu with the 
ordinary shai'es. It is furtliei' proposed to 
capitalise the reserve fund of £25.000 and to 
distribute 25,000 Ordinary sliares in the pro- 
portion of one new share in resjject of every 
three now held. 


Colonel E. S. Sinnott, the county surveyor 
of Gloucestershire, has been created a Com- 
panion of the Order of St. Michael and St. 

The bells of Salzburg Cathedral are being 
broken up in the tower and carried away in 
fragments, preparatory to being melted down 
for munitions. 

Mr. F. P. Dolaniore, for miany yea^rs assis- 
tant engineer, has been appointed borough 
engineer of Boumemoutli in succession to the 
laite Mr. F. W. Lacey, at a saJiary of £550. 

New premises for the National Banli of 
Ireland are being built at Blackrock, Co. 
Dublin. The contractors are Messrs. J. and 
T. Pemberton, of Ilanelagh Road, Blackrock. 

Mr. William Eve, of 195, Albion Road, 
Stoke Xewington, N., formerly of 3, Union 
Court, Old Broad Street. T.C., surveyor and 
land agent, left estate of the gross value of 

The partnershiqi hitherto subsisting between 
R. R. Maskall, F. E. Ma^all, and A. W. 
Maskall, builders and contractors, New North 
Road. London, under the style of R. Maskall 
and Sons, has been dissolved. 

A new church at West Cults, near Aber- 
deen, Tunas recently dedicated. It seats 450 
persons, and has been built at an outlav of 
£5,000 from plans by Mr. A. -Marshall Mac- 
kenzie, LL.D., A.R.S.A., of Aberdeen. 

The address of Mr. M. E. Collins, 
F.R.I.B.A.., the architect of the South Lon- 
don Hospital for Women, openedT^y the Queen 
and iUustrated by us last week, is No. 61, 
C)ld SBroad Street. E.C., not No. 9, as we gave 
it by mistake. 

The Dean of Guild Court of Dunoon have 
approved plans submitted by the Co-opei^ative 
Convalescent Homes, Limited, Glasgow, for 
extensive a/dditions and alterations to their 
convalescenit homes at Airdmlior, Kilbride, 
Dunoon. THie estimated cost is £4,000. 

The Gloucester Corporation have made the 
foUoiwiing appoimtments : Mr. Carter, the assis- 
tant surveyor, to be city surveyor, in suc<'es- 
eion to Mr. R. Read, ix^igned after thirty- 
eight years' service ; and Mr. Read to be 
consulting suTveyor and waterworks engtineer 
for a period of five years. 

Major F. H. Deakin, of the Warwickshire 
Regiment, has been wounded in iboth thighs 
with shrapnel, and is now in a London hospi- 
tal. Major Deakin is a member of the Sur- 
veyors' Institution, and of the Auctioneers' and 
Estate Agents' Institution, and is a member 
of the firm of Messrs. Fleetwood. Deakin, 
Ilcndriks, and Co., of Birmingham. 

Second-Lieutenant George H. Havelock 
Sutton, a partner in the fii-m of Havelock 
Suttons Son, and Simipkin, architects and sur- 
veyors. Liverpool, has been awarded the 
Military Cross. He was dangerously wouixled 
whale in France in January last, and was in 
the Rouen Hospital for sixteen weeks. He is 
now a patient #t Lady Ridley's hospital in 

In Lanhydock Church, near Bodmin, imme- 
diately behind the family pew of the ^ Agar 
'Robartes family, there has been erected a 
tablet to the memory of the late Captain the 
Hon. T. C. Agar Robartes, M.P. for the St. 
.\ustell Division of Cornwall. The provision 
of this memorial, which in character is Classic, 
is the generous tribute of the Earl of Rosebery 
and other friends. 

A fine-tcmed bell, bearing date 1784, has been 
piesented to the Parks t.'ommittee of the 
Walla-sey Cor-poration, and will soon be placed 
in position in the Central Park, Liscard, to be 
used for the pui'pose of announcing closing- 
time. The bell was for over a century in the 
tower of St. John's Church. Liverpool, and on 
the demolition of that edifice, which stood in 
what are now St. John's Gardens, adjoining 
St. George's Hall, it was acquired by the late 
Mr. Joseph Kitchingrnan, well-known solicitor 
and artist, who i>lace<:l it in the garden of his 
house oti the Egremont Promenade, famous as 
the old Wallasey smugglers' home. The in- 
scription on the bell is " C'harlcs . and John 
Riidhall: fecit 1784." 

The Swansea Corporation highways com- 
mititet* have adoipted a -proposal to con,struct 
a 60-ft. roadway wi the main artery to Skotty, 
from Knoll Avenue to the borough boundary. 

The corporation of Salford, on the. recom- 
mendation of their electricity committee, 
are applying to the Local Government Board 
for sanction to borrow £2,279 for additional 
yjlant and switchgear. 

Mr. Edwin Savill, of Messrs. Alfred Savill 
and Sons, 24, Great Wincliester Street, E.C., 
has been appointed by the Board of Agricul- 
ture as arbitrator in proceedings under the 
Small Holdings Act, 1908, at Abbotsham, 
Devon. , 

The appointment of Mr. Norman Scorgie, 
boix>ugh engineer a.nd .surveyor of Hackney. 
as acting town clerk, has been recommended 
by the esta,blishment and general purposes 
committee to be extended to the end of the 
current j ear. 

The general purposes committee of the 
corporation of Northampton have approved 
the plan and estimate, amounting to £4,650, 
of the borough engineer, Mr. A. iFidler, for 
the construction of a sewer and surface-water 
drains in London Road, and for surtace- 
water drains in St. Leonard's Road. 

The reopening of Hundon Church, West 
Suffolk, which was destroyed by fire in 1914, 
will take place next Tuesday, when the Bishop 
of St. Edmundsbury and Ipswich will conse- 
crate it. The church, which is Perpendicular in 
character, has been rebuilt»at a cost of over 
£5,000. and is exactly as it was before it was 

Mr. J. E. Burke, of Dublin, a member of 
the Arcliitectural Association of Ireland, who 
has been at the front with the South Irish 
Horse since immediately after JSIons, and was 
mentioned in despatches, has, after a course 
of instruction at an Artillery Cadet School, 
been granted a c-ommissiori in the Royal Gar- 
rison Artillery (Special Reserve). 

We regret to learn that Mr. Francis Bond, 
M.A., Hon. A.R.I.B.A., of Stafford House, 
Waddon, Croydon, the well-known writer on 
architectural subjects, and Jlrs. B^>nd have 
sustained a heavy bereavement in the death 
of their son Lieut. Charles Nesbitt Bond, of the 
Lincoln Regiment, who was Ivilled .in action 
ou the 29th ult., aged twenty-two years. 

Captain Percy G. Graham, Northuraberland 
Fusiliers, of Rosebery Crescent, Newca.stle-on- 
Tyne, reported kifled, joined the ranks soon 
after the 'outbreak of war, and a little later 
obtained his commission. An architect by -pro- 
fession, and a memiber of the Northern Archi- 
tectural Association, he had an international 
reputation as a swimmer and a ;polo player. 

Lieutenant A. E. Shapley, Northumberland 
Fusiliers, killed in Picardy on July 1, was the 
assistant city surveyor to the Manchester 
Corjioration, -and the only son of Mr. E. 
Shapley, of Heaton, Newcastle. An old Terri- 
torial, -he joined the Public Schools Battalion 
of the Royal iFu,siliers at the beginning -of the 
war, and obtained a commission in the 
Northumberland Fusiliers. 

The health committee of the Bristol Cor- 
poration recommended the building forthwith 
of twenty houses -at Avonmouth for the 
accommodation of members of the docks com- 
mittee's permanent staff. The estimated cost 
of each -dwelling is a-bout £300, and it is in- 
tended to let the properties at weekly rentals. 
It is proposed tha-t the scheme shall be carried 
out under Part 3 of the Housing of the Work- 
ing Cla-sses -4ct, 1890. 

The death took place at his residence, 
Springett's Hill, East Mailing, on June 28, of 
Mr. John Marshall, surveyor to the Mailing 
Rural Council. ^^(•. Marshall, who was forty- 
seven years of age, had been in the service of 
the council for about twenty-one years, having 
in-eviously been engaged in the Eastern 
Counties. The council have asked the son, 
w-ho has been his father's assistant fo-r some 
time, to t-ake over the duties until a successor 
ii.s a-ppointeti. 

Lieutenant Robert Quilter Gilson, Suffolk 
Kei'inu'nt, killed during the British ^advance in 
Picardy on July 1, aged 22. was the eldestson 
of Mr' R. Carv GiLson, headmaster of King 
Edward's School, Birmingham, of which he 
was a leaving exhibitioner in 1912. He was in 
the school contingent of the O.T.C.. and after- 
wards -a member of the corps at Cambridge, 
wliere he was a classical exhibitioner of Trinity 
College. He received a commission in the 
autumn of 1914 and went abroad last January. 
He had intended to become an architect, and 
his skill as a draughtsman had already been 
of use in the Army. 


I'llK lUll.niXC NKWS: \(,. ;iJ|() 

.llLY i2, 191U. 


N.B.— All prioos iniiHt l>a rcgardad as merely ap* 
proximate for tlie presi-iu, ni our usual sources of 
InformatioD arc in nmny cu-os failiuK uh. 


Owing to stoppage of supplies all prices 
have advanced considerably. 

IRON. Per ton. Per ton. 

Rolled BtealJoists, Bnglish £20 0to£21 

Compound Qirilers, Ordinary 

Sections 22 0„ 23 

Compound Stanchions 23 ,, 24 10 

Wroughtlron Oirder Plates 13 10 „ 13 12 6 

Steel Oirdir Plates 13 15 0„ 13 17 6 

Steel sbects (Single or Double).. 1110 0„ — 

StesI Strip 10 15 0„ — 

Basic Bsrs 11 15 ., — 

Mild Sled Bars 18 ,, 18 10 

Steel Burs, Ferro - Concrete 

Quality(basis price) 18 ,, — 

Bar Iron, good Starts 15 10 0„ 15 15 

Do., Lowmoor, Flat, Round, or 

Square, to 3^, cwt 24 ,, — 

Do., Staflfordsi'iire Crown 16 0,, 16 10 

Boiler Plates, Iron — 

SouthStalls 8 0,, 8 15 

BMt Snedshill 9 0,, 9 10 

Angles, 10s., Tees 20s. per ton extra. 
Builders' Hoop Iron, (or bonding, £13 5s. to £13 15s. 
Ditto galvanised, £20 to £20 10s. per ton. 

Qalvanised Corrugated Sheet Iron- 
No. 18 to 20. No. 22 to 24. 
6ft. to 8ft. long, inclusive Per ton. Per ton. 

gauge £30 0.. £30 10 

Best ditto 32 . . 32 10 

Per ton. Per ton. 

Cast-iron Columns ." £13 10 0tofl4 

Cast-iron Stanchions 13 10 ,, 14 

Rolled-Iron Fencing Wire 8 15 „ 9 5 

Rolled-Steel Fencing Wire 7 15 „ 8 

I, ,, ,, Galvanised 6 5 „ 6 15 

Cast-iron Sash Weights 7 „ 7 10 

Cut Floor Brads 15 „ 15 5 

Corrugated Iron, 24 gauge 27 ,, 28 

Qalvanised Wire Strand, 7 ply, 

14B.W.G 14 5 „ — 

B.B. Drawn Telegraph Wire, Galvanised— 

0to8 9 10 11 12 B.W.G. 
£10 lOs. £10 153. £11 Os. £11 5s. £11 ISs. per ton. 
Cast-iron Socket Pipes- 
Sin, diameter £7 5 to £7 12 6 

4in.»o6in 7 0,, 726 

7 in. to 24 in. (all sizes) 7 7 6,, 7 12 6 

[Coated with composition, 58. Od. per ton extra. 
Turned and bored joints, 5s. per ton extra.] 
Pig Iron— Per ton. 

Cold Blast, Lillieshall 177s. 6d. to 182s. 6d. 

Hot Blast, ditto 115s. Od. „ 125i. Od. 

Wrought-Iron Tubes and Fittings— Discount oft 
Standard Lists f.o.b. (plus 2J per cent.) — 

Gas-Tubes 55 p.o 

Water-Tubes 50 

Stsam-Tubes 45 

Qalvanised Gas-Tubes 45 

Galvanised Water-Tubes 45 

Galvanised Steam-Tubes 37J 


Per ton. Per ton. 

Lead Water Pipe, Town •£37 10 to — 

„ „ „ Country 'JS 10 0„ — 

Lead Barrel Pipe, Town »38 10 0„ — 

,< ,, ,, Country »39 10 „ — 

Lead Pipe, tinned inside, Town *39 10 ,, — 
1. ,, ,, ,, Country »40 10 ,, — 

Lead Pipe, tinned inside and 

outside Town »42 0„ — 

,, ,, ,, ,, Country '43 GO,, — 

Composition Gas-Pipe, Town.. •40 10 0,, — 

,, ,, Country *41 10 ,, — 

Lead Soil-pipe (up to 4Jin.) Town ♦40 10 ,, — 

,, ,, ,, ,, Country *41 10 ,, — 

[Over 4Ain. £1 per ton extra.] 

Lead, Common Brands 25 10 ,, 25 

Lead, 41b. sheet, English 35 15 ,, 36 5 

Lead Shot, in 281b. bags 24 15 0,, — 

Copper Sheets, Sheathing & Rods 160 ,, 162 
Copper, British Cake and Ingot 128 ,, 132 

Tin, English Ingots 177 „ 177 10 

Do., Bars 178 ,, 179 

Pig Lead, in Icwt. Pigs, Town .. 33 12 6„ 34 12 

Sheet Lead, Town •37 0„ — 

,, . „ Country »38 0,, — 

Genuine White Lead *58 0,, — 

Refined Red Lead 58 „ — 

Sheet Zinc 145 0,, — 

Spelter 93 „ 110 

Old Lead, against account 25 5 „ — 

Tin per ow^ 10 10 0„ — 

Cut nails (per cwt. basis, ordinary 

brand) 13 0,, — 

♦ For 5 cwt. lots and upwards. 




Phone; Central 102n. Telegrams: " Metaliae. Birmingham." 

Bankers: The National Provincial Bank of England, 

Ltd., Bennett's Hill, Birmingham. 


in. in. £ s. d. per 1,000 of 

Blue Portmadoc 20 x 10 . . 11 2 6 1,200 at r. stn. 

16 ,, 8 .. 5 10 „ „ . 

Firstqnality 16,, 10. .10 12 6 ,, „ 

BlueBangor 20,, 10. .11 5 „ „ 

20 „ 12 .. 11 17 6 

First quality 20 „ 10 . . 11 „ 

20 ,,12 .. 10 12 6 ,, ■ ., 

■ 16 ,, 8 .. 5 10 

in. in, £ 8. d. per 1,000 of 
Eureka unfading 1,200 at r. stn. 

green 20 „ 10 . . 15 17 6 

„ „ 20 ,, 12 .. 18 7 6 „ „ 

, 18 „ 10 .. 13 6 „ „ 

, 16 „ 8 .. 10 5 „ „ 

Permanent Green.. 20 ,, 10 .. ri 12 6 ,, „ 

, 18 ,, 10 .. 9 12 6 „ „ 

16 „ 8 .. 6 12 6 


(All prices net.) 

First Hard Stocks £2 per 1,000 alongside, in 

Second Hard Stocks.. 1 16 ,, ,, [river. 

Mild Slocks 1 14 „ „ „ 

Picked Stocks for delivered at 

Facings 2 12 ,, rally, station. 

Flettons 1 13 ,, „ ,, 

Proasod Wire Cuts . . 1 18 ,, ,, ,, 

UedWireCuts 1 14 „ „ ,, 

Best Farcham-Red .. 3 12 ,, ,, „ 

Best Rid Pressed 

Ruabon Facing.... 5 5 0,. ,, ,, 

Best Blue Pressed 

Staffordshire 5 ,, „ ,, 

Ditto Bullnose 5 5 „ „ ,, 

Best Stourbridge Fire- 
bricks 4 15 ,, ,, ,, 

25in. Best Red Ac- \ (Net, delivered in 

crington Plastic L 4 10 6 ,, lull truck loads 

Facing Bricks j 1 in London. 

Per 1,000 
3J"Accrington Best Red Plastid Facing Bricks £2 10 

3i" ditto Second Best Plastic ditto 2 2 6 

Ditto Ordinary Secondary Bricks 1 11 3 

Ditto Plastic Engineering Bricks 117 6 

Sewer Arch Brick, not more than 3J in 

thickest part 2 

3i" Chimney Bricks fit for outside work 2 6 

3J" ditto ditto through and through 2 

3J" Beaded, Ovolo and Bevel Jambs; Octa- 
gons ; 2^" and i" radius Bullnoses ; Stock 

patterns 3 7 6 

Aocrington Air Bricks, 9" X 2 course deep, each 6 

Ditto ditto 9" X 1 course 3 

Accrington Camber Arches : — 

3 course deep 4i" soffit, per foot opening.. 13 

4 „ H- 18 

5 „ U" „ „ ,,..021 

6 „ 4J" „ 2 6 

3 „ 9" „ 2 1 

4 „ 9" 2 11 

5 ,, 9" 3 6 

6 ,, 9" „ , 4 6 

Net free on rail, or free on boat at works. 



White, Ivory, and Best. 

Salt Glazed. Buff, Cream, Other Seconds 
Best. Seconds. & Bronze. Colours. Colours. 
Stretchers — 

£13 7 6 £12 7 6 £14 17 6 £18 17 6 £13 17 6 
Headers — 

12 17 6 11 17 6 14 7 6 18 7 6 13 7 6 
Quoins, Bullnose, and 44in. Flats — 

16 17 6 15 17 6 18 17 6 22 7 6 17 7 6 
Double Stretchers — 

18 17 6 17 17 6 21 17 6 25 7 6 19 7 6 
Double Headers— 

15 17 6 14 17 6 18 17 6 22 7 6 16 7 6 
One side and two ends, square — 

19 17 6 18 17 6 22 17 6 27 7 6 20 7 6 
Two sides and one end, square — 

20 J7 6 19 17 6 23 17 6 27 17 6 21 7 6 
Splays and Squints — 

18 7 6 17 7 6 22 17 6 25 17 6 18 17 6 
Stretchers cut for Closers and Nicked Double 

Headers, £1 per 1,000 extra. 

Compass Bricks. Circular and Arch Bricks, not exceed 
ing 9x4ix2^ in., of single radius, £6 per 1,000 over 
and above list for their respective kinds and colours. 

The foUou'itig prices of Special Bricks arc plus 12^ %: — 
Plinth and Hollow Bricks, Stretchers and Headers — 

5d. eaoh 4d. each 6d. each 6d. each 5d. each 
Double Bullnose, Round Ends, Bullnose Stops — 

5 1. each 4d. each 6d. each 6d. each 5d. each 
Rounded Internal Angles — 

4d. each 3d. each 5d. each 5d. each 4d. each 
Camber Arch Bricks, not exceeding 9x4ix2gin., any 
kind or colour. Is. 2d. each. 


Stretchers and Headers — - 

8d. each 8d. each 8d. each 8d. each 8d. each 
Internal and External Angles — 

1/2 each 1/2 each 1/2 each 1/2 eaoh 1/2 each 
Sill Bullnose, Stretchers, and Headers— 

5d. each 4d. each 6d. each 6d. each 5d. each 

Majolica or Soft Glazed Stretchers and Per 1,000 

Headers £23 17 6 

,, ,, Quoins and Bullnose 28 17 6 

These prices are carriage paid in full truck loads 

to London Stations. 


8. d. 

Thames Sand 8 3 per yard, delivered. 

Ballast 8 3 „ „ 

Pit Sand 8 6 „ „ 


8. d. B. d. Per ton. 

Best Portland Cement 45 to 48 delivered. 

Ground Blue Lias Lime .... 25 6 per ton, delivered. 
Exclusive of charge for sacks, 

s. d. 8. d. Per yard. 

Grey Stone Lime 18 to 18 6 delivered, 

Stourbridge Fireclay in sacks 30s. Od. per ton at rail- 
way station. 


Yellow Magnesian, in blocks .. per foot oube £0 3 3 

Red MansHcId, ditto „ 2 9 

Red CoraebiU, ditto ,, 2 6 

Darloy Dale, ditto ,, 2 5 

Grcunshill, ditto ,, 2 4 

Closeburn Ued Freestone, ditto ,, 2 2 

Ancaster, dttio „ 2 

Beer Stone, delivered on rail 

at Seiton Station ,, Oil 

Ditto, delivered at Nine Elms 

Station ;... ,, 1 7J 

Cbilmark, ditto (In track at 

Nine Elmsl „ 1 10* 

Hard York, ditto „ 2 

Do. do. 6 in. Kawn both sides, 

landings, random sizes per foot sup. 2 8 

Do. du. 3 in. slab sawn two £ 8. d 

siddH, random sizes per foot cube 13 

Bath Stone — Delivered in rail- 
way ttuckb at Westbourne 

Park, Paddington (O.W.R.), 

or South l,ambcth (G.W.Il.) ,, 17 

Delivered in railway trucks 

at Nine Elms (L.&S.W.R.).. „ 1 8:J 

Delivered on road waggons 

at Nina Elms Depot „ 1 9i 

Portland Stone— Brown Whit- 
bed in random blocks of 20 ft, 

average, delivered in railway 

trucks at Westbourne Park 

(O.W.R.), South Lambeth 

(G.W.R.), or Nine Elms 

(L.,«8.W.R.) „ 2 6* 

Delivered on road waggons at 

Pimlico Wharf or Nine Elms 

Depot „ 2 Ci 

White Basebed— 2d. per foot cube extra. 
* All F.O.R. LoHKon. 


8. d. 

Plain red roofing tiles 42 6 per 1 ,000 ry. sn. 

Hip and Valley tiles 5 6 per doz. „ 

Broseley tiles 52 6 per 1,000 „ 

Ornamental tiles 55 ,, ,, 

Hip and Valley tiles 5 6 per doK. ,, 

Ruabon red, brown, or brindled 

ditto (Edwards) 57 6perl,000 ,, 

Ornamental ditto 60 „ ,, 

Hip tiles 4 per doz ,, 

Valley tiles 3 „ „ 

Selected "Perfecta" roofing 

tiles: Plain tiles (Peake's).. 46 per 1,000 „ 

Ornamental ditto 48 6 „ „ 

Hip tiles 3 lO^per doz, ,, 

Valley tiles 3 4J „ „ 

"Rosemary " brand plain tiles . 48 per 1,000 ,, 

Ornamental tiles 50 ,, „ 

Hip tiles 4 per doz, ,, 

Valley tiles 3 8 ,, ,, 

Staffordshire (Hanley) Reds or 

brindled tiles 42 6 per 1,000 ,, 

Hand-made sand-faced 45 „ ,, 

Hip tiles 5 6 per doz. „ 

Valley tiles 5 6 „ ,, 

" Hartsbill " brand plain tiles, 

sand-faced 45 per 1,000 „ 

Pressed , 42 6 ,, „ 

Ornamental ditto 47 6 ,, „ 

Hip tiles 4 per doz, ,i 

Valley tiles 3 6 ,, „ 

Rapeseed, English pale, per tun £28 15 to £29 5 

Ditto, brown „ 26 15 0„ 27 6 

Cottonseed, refined ,, 29 ,, 30 

Olive, Spanish ,, 39 10 „ 40 

Seal, pale 21 0,, 2110 

Oocoanut, Cochin 46 0„ 46 10 

Ditto, Ceylon 42 10 0„ 43 

Ditto, Mauritius , 42 10 ,. 43 

Palm, Lagos ,, 32 5 ,, 33 5 

Ditto, Nut Kernel ,, 36 „ 35 10 

Oleine „ 17 5 0„ 19 5 

Sperm „ 30 „ 31 

Lubricating, U.S per gal. 7 0,, 8 

Petroleum, refined , 6|„ 6 

Tar, Stockholm per barrel 16 0,, 1 10 

Ditto, Archangel 19 6 „ 10 

Linseed Oil per gal. 3 3,, — 

BalticOil „ 3 6,, — 

Turpentine ,, 3 5,, — 

Putty (Genume Linseed 

Oil) per cwt. 10 6 „ — 

Pure Linseed Oil 
"Stority " Brand „ 10 6 „ — 


English Sheet Glass 15 oz. 21 oz. 26 oz, 31 oz. 

Fourths 4}d. .. 5Jd. .. ejd. .. 7Jd. 

Thirds 5Jd. .. 6Jd. .. 7d, . . 8Jd. 

Fluted Sheet 6d. .. 7d. .. - .. — 

Hartley's English Boiled J in. ft in. J in. 

Plate 4d. .. Hi. .. 43d. 

White, Tinted, 

Figured Rolled 4|d. .. 61d. 

Repoussine 4^d. .. 5id. 

Rolled Sheet 4jd. .. — 

Stippolyte 4*d. .. SJd. 


Owing to the fluctuations in the market it 
is impossible to give prices for Varnishes, etc. 
— >-•••—< 

Sir John Barton has retired from the office 
of Chief Commissioner of the Irish Valuation 
Drpartnient. He is succeeded 'by Mr. James 
Carroll, head valuer iii the Valuation Depart- 

Lord Tredegar has presented to the Museum 
at Newiport, Mon., all the Rojnan remains and 
treasures found during the excavations at the | 
Roman city at Caenvent. About £3.000 was i 
spent on tho Avork, in which the late<:)Unt 
■Tredegar took a deep interest. 

July 12. 1916. 




We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions 
of our correspondents. All communications should 
be drawn up as briefly as possible, as there are 
many claimants upon the space allotted to 

It is particularly requested that all drawings and 
all communications respecting illustrations or literary 
matter, books for review, etc., should be addressed 
to the Editor of the Building News, Kffingham 
House, 1, Arundel Street, Strand, W.C., and not to 
members of the staff by name. Delay is not infre- 
quently otherwise caused. All drawings and other 
communications are sent at contributors' risks, and 
the Editor will not undertake to pay for, or be liable 
for, unsought contributions. 

When favouring us witli drawiags or photographs, 
arcbitecte are asked kin<dly to state how long the 
building has be«n erected. It does neither them nor 
U3 much good to illustrate buildings which have been 
some time executed, except under special circum- 

•.'Drawings of selected competition designs, im- 
portant public and private buildings, details of old 
and new work, and good sketches are always wel- 
<x>me, and for such no charge is made for insertion. 
Of more commonplace subjects, small churches, 
chapels, houses, etc.— we have usually far more sent 
than we can insert, but are glad to do so when space 
permits, on mutually advantageous terms, which 
may be ascertained on application. 
Telephone: Gerrard 1291. 
Telegrams: " Timeserver, Estrand, London." 


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Mr. J. Worsfold, sewag".© works manager to 
the Hungerford Rural District Council, has 
been appointed as manager of the sewage farm 
of the East Barnet Valley Urban District 

A now wing added to tlie Gwent Hos.pital, 
Newport, ^ Mon., has beon formally opened. 
The architect was Mr. H. Jenner Griggs, 
A.R.I. B. A., of Metroix>IitaJi Bank Chajnbers, 
Newport, Mon Mr. C. H. Reed was the 
builder, and the contract price was £14,000. 

. The Brigg Rural District Council have 
appointed Mr. J. Green, who was formerly 
surveyor _ to tho. Brumby and Frodingham 
"Urban District Council, as inspector and engi- 
neer for Crosby and Ashby for the duration 
of the war, in place of Mr. Buttrick, who has 
gone on military service. 

The Hambledon Rural District Council have 
received a report respecting the quality of 
water from a well supplying- certain cotta^jes 
in Elstcad. stating that the water is highly 
polluted and totally unfit for domestic or 
drinking purposes. The olerk, Mr. F. Small- 
peioe, was instructed to communicate with th*' 
Wey Valley Water Company and inquire if 
tlioy would be in a position to supply water. 




OFFICER FOR THE WBBK.— Platoon Commander 
.1. R. 0. Williivm.-on, 

NEXT FOR DUTY.— Plaitxxtn Commander A. 

SATURDAY, .July 13.— Parade, 3 sharp, GoMer's 
Green Station ; uniform. 

MONDAY, July 17.- Technical tor Platoon No. 9, 
46, Regency Street, S.W. Squad and Platoon Drill, 
Platoon No. 10. SignialUng Clasa and Itecruits. 

TIIEiSDAY, July 18.— Ofticers' Inatructional Class, 
li-7; Recruits, 7-8; Leeture, 7.15, "The Mechanism of 
the Service Rifle," Lieut. Scott Moore. 

WEDNESDAY-, July 19.— Platoon Drill for No. 1 

THURSDAY, July 20.— Platoon Drill, No. 5 Pla- 
toon ; Recruits, 5.45-7.45 ; In.otruction Class, 5.45. 

FRIDAY, July 21.— Technical for No. 10 Platoon, 
4C, Regency Street, S.W. Squad and Platoon Drill, 
No. 9 Platoon. 

SATURDAY, July 22.— Instruction Paradie. Com- 
pany Commander Fteming. 

SUNDAY, July 23.— Entrenching at Otl'ord. 
Parade Victoria (S.E. and C. Ry. Booking Office), 
S.35 a.m. Uniform, haversacks, water bottles. Mid- 
ilay rations to he carried. Railway vouchers wiill be 

OTFORD CAMP.— For the standing Camp at 
Otford, see monthly orders. 

MUSKETRY.— For all Companies see Notice and 
Tables A and B at Headquarters. 

NOTE.- Unless otherwise indicat-ed, alj drill, etc., 
w ill take place at Cliester House. 
By order, 


.lulv 10. 1916. 

J— •••— «^- 


MONDAY (July 17).— Opening of Civic Arts Associa- 
tion Exhibition of Designs for War 
Memorials. Address by Dr. A. C. 
Benson, M.A.. C.V.O. 9,- Conduit 
Street, W. 3 p.m. 







120. Bunhill Row. London, E.C. 


♦.♦ Correspondents would in all casefl oblige by 
giving the addresses of the parties tendering— at any 
rate, of the accepted tender : it adds t« the vaiue of the 

-VsHTEAD. — For the removal of house refuse, for 
one year, for the rural district council : — 

Weller, J £195 

(Recommended for acceptance.) 

Birmingham.— For the supply of overhead electric 
runway, including travelling pulley-block and bogie 
trolley, for the lighting committee:— 

Morris, H., Ltd. (accepted) .. £421 

BuKY, Lancs. — For the painting and decorating of 
the linterior of the caretaker's house at the munici- 
pal technical school. Bread Street, for the corpora- 
tion :— 

Thorp and Brooks, 16. Hilton Street, Bury 
(accepted per schedule). 

Clu.nton. — For the repair of Pack Bridge, Cluntou. 
for the Bishop's Castle Rural District Council :— 
Wilcox, J. (accepted) . , . . £45 10 

DONCASTER.— For the laying of surface-water drains 
near the Woodlands. Mr. R. E. Ford, acting borough 
.surveyor : — 

Parkinson, F., 2, Melville 

Avenue, Balby, Donoaster .. £70 7 9 
Emery and Co., Holte Road, 

Aston, Birmingham' .. ., 66 3 2 

Porter, S.. and Son, Lynd- 

hurst, Long Sandall, Dontaster 04 1 3 

Storey, A., 6, Slia»lyside, Don- 
caster (accepted) .. .. 56 10 9 
Glasgow.— For the supply of iron and steel bars, 
for the tramways committee :— 

MacLellan, P. and W., Ltd. (accepted). 

H.ALIFAX.— For .steel bridge over the dam at the 
electricity works, for the tramways committee; — 
Webb, J., and Sons, Ltd. .. £369 

Hampton.— For the rcsurf.acing and the mainten- 
ance for three years of the Kingston and Staines 
main road at Hampton, for the Middlesex County 
Council :— 

Tarmac. Ltd. (accepted) , .. £1,896 
(Equal to 63. 6d. per square yard.) 

Johnstone. — For the repair of granolithic pave- 
ments, for the town council : — 

Jelfrev. W., and Son., Ss. 6d. per square yard 

Lambeth, S.E. — For erection of a niarittng pile in 
tile river opposite Providence Wharf, for the borough 
council : — 

.Mowlem, J., and Co., Ltd., 
Grosvenor Wharf, West- 
minster, S.W £211 

Wimpey, G., and Co., The 

Grove, Jlammersmith . . . . 160 
Shelbourne, J., and Co., 29. 
Mark Lane, E.C* . . . . 155 10 
* Recommended for acceptiince. 

Leicester.— For the construction of 160 lineal yards 
of 9-in. pipe sewers in London Road and Welford 
Road, for the corporation. Mr. E. G. Mawbey, 
M.I.C.E., borough engineer and surveyor: — 
iBowles and Son, Gladstone 

Street £420 

Johnson and Langley, West 

Bridge 398 19 

Stanger, W., Parliamenit Street 395 0. 
Palmer, A. E., Glenfleld .. 382 15 
Chapman. J., and Sons, Ltd., 

Rutland Avenue 337 

Emery and Co., Birmingham .. 298 5 7 
Stimpson and Rollston, Don- 
nington Street (accepted) .. ' 287 
Rest of Leicester. 

London, N.— For the reinstatement of trenches 
opened by the board in tbe borough of Islington 
and in the re^ective districts of Tott^enham, South- 
gate, and Edmonton, during the period of the war, 
for the Metropolitan Water Board : — 
Griffiths, W., and Co., Ltd. (accepted), as per 
schedules of prices. 

London.— For the supply of phosphor bronze and 
brass castings, as required during a period of tlhree 
months, for the Water Board : — 
Phosphor Bronze Co.. Ltd., amd Bowen and Ck)., 
respectively (accepted). 

Methlev.— For repairs .it Scholey Hall school, for 
tlie education committee : — 

Slack, J. W., and Son (accepted). 

Northampton.- For renewal of woodwork at tlie 
cooling tower, for the town council : — 

Souster, G. W., and Son .. £388 15 


READING.- For making alterations and additions to 
the public sanit-ary convenience for women in the 
mark«_-t passage and to the w.c.'s attached to the 
corn cxehange. for the oorpor<ation. Mr. J. Bowen, 
.V.M.I.C.E., borough engineer: — 
Davis, J., and 'Sons, 121, Queen's 
Road, Reading (accepted) .. £183 

Wolverhampton.— For supply of a 5,ooo-kw. Zoelly 
type turbine, running at 3,000 r.p.m., with Siemens 
generator; also a surface-condensing plant (W. and 
R.). with Rees-Roturbo pumps for use in conjunc- 
tion witli it. for the corporation : — 

Willans and Robinson. Ltd. (accepted). 



July 13.- Renovations, Ebenezer CM. Chapel, 
Haverfordwest.- D. Evans, 16. Picton Place, 

July 13.— Additions to Schoolroom, Elim Welsh 
Congregational Chapel,> Cwmdare. — For the 
Trustee.";. — 'T. Roderick, Architect, Ashbrook, Aberdare. 

July 14.— Cinema, fiurnham-on-Crouoh. — Frank 
Whitmore and W. H. Pertwee, Joint Architects, 
The Institute, Chelmsford. 

July 14 — Repairs, St. John's Church, Workington. 
— W. G. Scott and Co., Architects, 2, Park Lane, 

July 14.— Concrete Ducts, Electric Power Station, 
Roath.— For the Cardiff Corporation.- The City 
Engineer's Office, City Hall, Cardiff. 

July 15.— Mortuary and Fire Appliance Shed, Im- 
mingham, Grimsby.— For the Rural District 
Council. — A. Hobson, Engineer, Deansgate, 

July 17.— Jointless Flooring and P.ainter Work at 
Electricity SuhnStation, Walton Street, Dundee. 
—For the Corporation.— H. Richardson, M.I.E.E., 
Engineer and Manager, Electricity rDepartment, 

July 17. — Contactor House, No. 2 Pump Room 
Carolina Port, Dundee. — For the Corporation. — 
H. Ricli.ardsou, M.I.E.E., Engineer and Manager 
Electricity Department, Dundee. 

July 18.— Goods Offices, Tweedmouth.— For the 
North-Eastern Railway €o. — Arthur Pollard, 
Architect. Irving House, Westgate Road, New- 

July 2 2.— Extensions and Renovations, Llanstad- 
well Vicarage, Neyland. — Eev. D. L. Davis, 
Leonaniston House, Neyland. 

Aug:. 1* — Dwelling House. Brynmelyn Farm, Taly- 
bonton-Usk.— W. G. Rees and Sons, Surveyors, 
0>rn Exchange Chambers, Newport, Mon. 

No date.— Repairing Belfry of Parish Church, 
Cammenellis, Cornwall.— The Vicar and Church- 
wardens, Carnmenellis, Redruth. 

July 12 — Drainage Outlet Doors, Trent Bank, 
Walkeringham.— T. Horberry, Surveyor, Walker- 
ingham. Gainsborough. 

TllK JR-JLDING NEWS: No. :J210. 

-JiLV 12, 191(5. 

ENGINEERING -Coiilinuril. 

July 20. Ki.iarj Mr.ini IIoHit K.'.il 1' ji, I'l.v- 

iiioiitli. For llir CoriKiratioii. K. U. Okell. 
It<>rnii;:li Klf^'trit-itl Kimiiii't-r. I'tyriiuuth. 

July 2 2.— \Voi)!lil>ricli!i' ciii-ton), lliiiuorii.— Kor the 
rrt»itn l>i!*trict Council. — K. .Miirtiliull. Town 
HkM. IttiiK'orn. 

Auk- 1. — I>ri'(lKer, Bangkok, Slum.— For the Ko.vii! Irrieution I>timrt.nn;at.— The 

Dlrtvtor-GenenU, Koyal Irrignlion Dt-partinent, 

Auk- 14-— Sti'tl Bridge over the Mu<la Itiver. 
\Vellesle.v Province, Stnuapore.— For the PubUc 
Works Dcpartnifnt.— 'Hie Colonial Engineer, 
Public Works l>ciMirtment. Singii]K>re. 

Auk- 16.— Distilling: .\ppuratus nnd Telei:raph and 
Mcftj-urilig Instrunieuts, Westi-rn .\ustralia. — For 
lilio Pt*^tniaat*'r-Gcncrars Dt-partmcnt.— The 
Coninionwx'iilLh Olllces, "-, Victoria Street, Lon- 
d..M. S.W. 

Sept. 6.— Oil Filtering Plant. Dunedin, X.Z.— For 
the Citv Council. — The Coinniercial Intelligence 
Branch.' Hoard of Trade. 73. Uasinghall Street. 

Sept- 6-— Twelve Crane Motors and 
Controllers. Ivieven One-phase Workshop Motors 
and Starters. un<l \'arit)us Machines for Kailuay 
Workshops. .Melhournc— For the \'i<'torian 
tlovernnient Kailuavs.— The Commercial In- 
telliuencc .Branch, Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall 
SI reel, K.C. 

No date.— Sinkins Well for New Water Supplj. 
Thornecroft. Landseove. Staverton. — \V. H. Ford. 
Wolston Green. Ashhurton. 


July 14.— Shelvins (mn) cases). London. .'i.W.— For 
H.M. Works Commissioners. — The Controller of 
Supplies. H.M. Office of Works. King Charles 
Street. Westminster. S.W. 


July 13- — Church. Chapel. Lodjies. Creenhouse. and 
Forcing Frames at Cemetery, Blackshaw Road. 
Tootins.-^For the Lambeth Guardians.— Henry 
Edwards. C.E.. Boroush Engineer, Town Hall, 
Brixton Hill. S.W. 

July 13. — Whitehorse Road and So'uth Norwood 
Schools. Cro.vdon. — ^For the Education Com- 
mittee. — J. Smyth. Clerk. Education Offloe, 
Katharine Street. Croy<lon. 

July 1 3.— Footbridge. Fretlerick Street, Newport, 
Moil.— For the Corporation. — A. A. Newman, 
Town CK'rk. Newport. Men. 

July 13.— Council Sclii 
I' itiiui Ciuitmittec— 
Hall, Shellleld. 

July 14.- .South Charitable 
Hospllal. Cork.— J. F. 
Hon. Architect 30. South 

Ills, Sheineld.— For the Kdu- 
The City Arehileet, Town 

Inflrniary and Count v 
M'Midlen, M.K.LA.I.. 
Mall. Cork. 

July 14.— stables. l>estructor. Slaughter House. 
an4l Public Conveniences. Kirkcaldy. — For the 
Town Council.— W. L. Macintloe. Town Clerk. 

July IS.— Council School. Mattyc Street, llw-k- 
nionilwickc— !•;. Parker, Education Olllce-, Klland. 

July 16-— Borough Cemetery, Chelmsford.— For the 
Town Council.— P. T. Harrison. A.M.I.C.K.. 
Borough Engineer, Municipal OHlco. Chelms- 

July 17.— Nine Council Schools, Isle of Wight.— 
For the County Council. — S. R. Cocks, St. 
Thomas's Street. Ryde. 

July 17. — Various Schools. Norwich. — For the Edu- 
cation Committee. — C. J. brown. Arcliitect. 
Cathedral Olhces. The Close. Norwich. 

July 17.— Schools, Leeds.— For the Education Com- 
mittee. — Tlie .\rehitect, E<Iueation Department, 
Calverley Street, Leeds. 

July 17. — Limewashing a.nd Rei)airs. Church of 
England Schools, Dorchester.— For the .Managers. 
H. O. Lock, Secretary, High street West, Dor- 

July 18. — Chapel. Capel Evan. iNewcastle-Einlyn.— 
S. .lones. Secretary, Penrheol, Capel Evan. 

July 26. — Combination Poorhonse. Stirling.— H. 
Kolib. Writer, Stirling. 


July 16.— Road Works. Galle,\ Wood I'umping 
Station. Chelmsford. — For the Town Council. — 
P. T. Harri-son. .\.M.LC.E.. Borough Engineer. 
Municipal Offices. Chelmsford. 

July 15. — Road Works. Borough Cemetery. Chelms- 
ford.— For the Town Council.— P. T. Harrison. 
A..M.I.C.E.. Borough Engineer, Muiiieipal Offices. 

July 24. — Roads and Lanes. AbercreL'an. Glyn- 
corrw g. — For the Cefn-y-Fan Building: Syndicate. 
— .\rtluir LI. Thomas and Gomcrs .Morgan, ^3. 
Gelliwastad Road. Pontyprifkl. 


July 12.— Road Materials. Littlehampton.— For the 
Urban District Council. — H. Howard, Surveyor, 
Town Offices. Littlehampton. 

July 12.-4)rokeii Granite (l.iinu tons of I'.-in,, Im, 
ti>Us of Mn.l. Broken Coarse I'it Kbilts (i;.",ii 
tons), anil Binding Hoggin (1011 tons). Littl. 
hainjiton.— For the Crban District Council.— II 
Howard, Surveyor, Town Ofllees, Littlehampton. 

July 13.— Cement (One Year). Itomney Marsh.— F. 

I'Mliolt. K.xjieiiditor. Dymtliureh. Kent. 

July 17.— Cast-iron Pipes CJiiii tons. to Ij-in.), 
.\lloa.— For the Clackniannau County Council. — 
.). and .\. Leslie and Reid, 7iiA, George Street, 

July 17. -Stores (Six Months), Whitehaven— For 
the Harbour Commissioiiers.— .1. Tyson, Clerk, 
Harbour OHlee. Queen's Dwk Quay, Whitehaven. 

July 17.-— Chequer Plates and Curbs (Six Months 
or One Year). London. S.W,— For H.M. Works 
Commissioners. — The Controller of Supplies. H..M.. 
Olllie of Works, King Charles Street, West- 
minster, S.W. 

July 17.— (Builders' Ironmongery, Wood, and 
Rubber Sundries (Three or Six Months). London, 
S.W. —For H.M. Works Coinniis.sionerK.— The 
Controller of Supplies. H.M. Office of Works, 
King Charles Street, Wctniinster, S.W. 

July 19.- Cop|)er Sheets, Melbourne.— For the Vic- 
torian Railways Commissioners.— The Commercial 
Intelligence Branch, Board of Trade, 73, Biising- 
hall Street, E.G. 

July 19.— Carriage Fittings and Sundries, South 
Indian Railways.— For the Chairm.^n and Direc- 
tors.— R. White. AI.I.C.E.. Consulting Engineer, 
3, Victoria Street, S.W. 

July 19. — Monntsorrel Granite (300 tons of IJ-in.)^ 
Bungay.— B'or the Urban District Council.— H. 
Earl. Surveyor, Bungay, Suffolk. 

Auk- 15.— Stamped Steel Sanitary Pails and Lids 
(.5.000 and 3.000). .Johannesburg.— iFor the Muni- 
cipal Council. — The Commercial Intelligence 
Branch, Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street, 

Auk- 15,— Ta.r or Tar Substitute (1,600 tons), 
Johannesburg. — For the Municipal Council. — The 
CommerciaJ Intelligence Branch, Board of Trade^ 
73, Basinghall Street, E.C. 

Sept. 6.— Stores (One Year), .^bcrdare.— For the 
Powell Duftyn Steam Coal Co.. Ltd.— The Stores 
Manager, Aberaman Offices, near .\berdare. 

> ^< 

A stained-glas-s moninrial window has been 
unveiled in the AH Saints' C'hua-ch, Eppletoii, 
bv the De-an of Uurliam. The window was 
designed by Mr. W. H. Bavtlett. 


Prices from— 

,r F. McNeill & co., Ltd., 

Government Contractors 
Spencer House, 4, South Place, London, E.C, for 70 Years. 


Flushing Tanks 


Frcdk. BRABY & CO., Ltd. 

352 to 364, EUSTON ROAD, LONDON, N.W. 

July 19. 1916. 

Volume CXI.-No. 3211. 



Effingham House, 

Currt-iite Calamo .. . 43 

The Civic Arts Association War .ML-mnrials 

Coiripitiflions 44 

London (.'ounty Council 40 

Silica and Firt-clay Materials 4t\ 

Portufiufse Lock-platf to a Chc.-t. Braimton 

CliurL-h, Devon .. . G2 

Our Illustrations . . 62 

Building Inttliigence G3 

Legal Intelligence G3 

Trade Movement? (53 

Trade Notes 03 

Obituary ()3 

Engineering Notes 64 

Water Supply and Sanitary Matters .. .. 64 



Professional and Trade .Socitves .. 
Statues and Memorials 
Our Office Table .. 

Cliips .. ..■ ' 

To Correspondents 

To Arms! . . 

Meetings for the Ensuini; Week .. 

Latest Prices 


List of Tenders Open 

The Engine Room Heroes' iMemorial, Prince 
head. Liverpool. General view and detail 

* Pier- 

Strand, W.C. 

araiihs of the groups of " Stokers " and " Engi- 
neers." Sir William GoECombe John, K.A., 

Athelhampton Hall. Dorsetshire. Interior of ban- 
queting hall, showing open timber roof and 
e.\ter!or view of the liall, with oriel and crenel- 
lated porch. Circa 1508. 

Dmcaster Technical Sctiools. V^ews and plans. 
Messrs. W. Peel Scholield, A. R.I. B, A., and Alli- 
son B. ' Berry, architects. 

New Bank for Messrs. L'oyd. Ltd., and " The .\lbion 
Theatre." Handsworth. near Birmingham. Mr. 
Horace G. Bradley, architect. 

(luxxtnte Calamo. 

We regret to announce that the Minister 
of Munitions has issued the following 
notice in pursuance of the powers con- 
ferred on him by the Defence of the Realm 
regulations. It will be observed that it 
comes into force to-morrow : — • 

In pursuance of the powers conferred upon 
him by the Defence of the Realm regulations, 
the Minister of Munitions has issued the fol- 
lowing^ order'; — 

On and after the twentieth day of July, 
1915, no person shall without licence from the 
Minister of Munitions commence or carry on 
any building or construction work, that is to 
say, the construction, alteration, -repair, deco- 
ration, or demolition of buildings, or the con- 
struction, reconstruction, or alteration of rail- 
roads, docks, harbours, canals, embankments, 
bridges, tunnels, piers, or other works of con- 
litruction or engineering. Provided that where 
the total cost of the whole completed work in 
conteiiiplation does not exceed the sum of 
£500 and the use of constructional steel is not 
involved the licence of the Minister of Muni- 
tions shall not be required. 

Provided also that where the work in 
question — 

(a) Is being or is to be carried out bv or 
under contract with any department of his 
Majesty's Government, or is declared by any 
such department to be a Government con- 
tract for the purpose of this order, or 

(b) is being or is to bo carried out by or 
under contract with any local authority 
which has been authorised by any Govern- 
ment department since the 25th of March. 
1915, to borrow money in respect of such 
work, the licence of the Minister of Muni- 
tions shall not be required. 

Provided also that where a first application 
for a licence under this order has been made 
""'.' '5 pending for the carrying on of work 
which has been commenced before the said 
twentieth day of July. 1916. nothing in this 
order shall prohibit the carrying on of such 
work until the licence has been refused. 

-Ml persons desirous of obtaining a licence 
to commence or carrv on any building or 
construction work as above defined for which 
a licenco is required shall applv in writin" 
to the General Secretary. Ministry of Muni- 
tions. 6, Whitehall Gardens, S.W.. for <^uch 
licence, and shall give full particulars of the 
description and locality of the work, the pur- 
pose for which it IS intended and its estimat»cl 
erst, and such further information as the 
.Minister may rerjuire, and sliall comply with 
any restrictions or conditions subject to' which 
tno grant of such licence may be made. 

Comment is futile. We can only trust 
that licences may not be withheld except 
when necessity absolutely dictates refusal, 
and that we may soon see the end of this 
interference with the second great gro-jp 
of industries of the kingdom. 

Sub-contractors who sujiply goods or 
labour, without which the contractor 
could not carry out the job, too often get 

left in the lurch with nothing but a loss. 
The curious^ case of " Pritchett and Gold 
V. Currie and another," reported in our 
last week's issue, shows how easy it still 
is in litigation to be tripped up by a 
technicality, and to fall between two stools 
that seemed trustworthy. The plaintiffs 
had supplied a battery and cells on sub- 
contract to enable a limited company to 
carry out their £1,300 job of installing 
electric light in the house of their client, 
Mrs. Currie. The company went the old 
way of the majority, and wound them- 
selves up by a voluntary liquidation. 
Naturally, the sub-contractors wanted 
payment, and did not care for a deferred 
dividend in this affair. So they sued 
Mrs. Currie direct for the price of the 
goods she had got and used, on the ground 
that the property in them had passed to 
her, and so she was personally liable. 
There were more proceedings : the insol- 
vent company was joined in the fray, and 
the sub-contractors' money was paid into 
Court by Mrs. Currie. Then came the 
crucial question of their getting it out. 
Mr. Justice Sargant thought that as it 
was their money they should have it, and 
he said so. But then there was an appeal, 
where it was held that though the pro- 
perty in the plaintiffs' goods had passed 
to Mrs. Currie, and the money in Court 
was what was due to them for these, still, 
as it was a part of the £1,300 contract, 
it could not be paid out to them, and 
the appeal was allowed ! It was, indeed, 
a very pretty legal point for the lawyers, 
but we may still hope that the sub-con- 
tractors will hold on a little longer and 
see if the Lords do not back the view of 
the eminent judge below in favour of 
common sense and common justice. 

The committee of members of Parlia- 
ment interested in the promotion of the 
Channel Tuiinel met last week, when Mr. 
.Vrthur Fell, M.P. , made a statement on 
his recent visit to Paris in connection 
with the scheme. He mentioned that the 
French Minister of Commerce had told 
him that the carrying out of the arrange- 
ments made at the I'aris Conference de- 
pended to an extent upon the construc- 
tion of the tunnel, and the Italian and 
Belgian Governments, equally with the 
French, were eager to see the scheme car- 
ried out as soon as possible. M. Sar- 
taiiix. the chief engineei' of the Northern 

of France Railway, had assured him that 
if the sanction of the British Government 
were obtained the tunnel would be com- 
pleted ill five years. Had it existed 
during the war, thirty thousand troops 
and thirty thousand tons of material could 
have been carried daily to France. The 
opposition of the military authorities at 
home, Mr. Fell added, had almost en- 
tirely disappeared. Shortly before his 
death Lord Kitchener declared to Sir 
Francis Fox that he was keenly in favour 
of the tunnel, and Lord French held the 
same view. The committee now consists 
of sixty Liberals, sixty Conservatives, 
fifteen Nationalists, and five Labour mem- 
bers. Opposition is threatened by a 
motion which Mr. Ronald M'Neill has 
placed on the order paper declaring the 
construction of the tunnel would expose 
the country to serious danger, and that as 
the command of the sea has enabled an 
army of unprecedented magnitude to be 
transjiorted and supplied without inter- 
ruption by existing means of commimica- 
tion, it is the duty of the Government to 
refuse its sanction to the project. We 
hope and believe this attempt to check the 
scheme will be futile. 

The measurement of the rate of growth 
of cracks in the buildings of the Tower of 
London has been proceeded with at the 
National Physical Laboratory, and the re- 
sult is given in the annual report for 1915- 
16. The three special micrometers made 
for this purpose from Mr. Horace Dar- 
win's design were completed in August, 
1915. Of these, one measures the relative 
movement of the two sides of the cracli 
perpendicular to the plane of the wall, 
and the other two the relative movements 
in the plane of the wall, in the horizontal 
and vertical directions. The hard steal 
pegs, one on each side of each crack, whoso 
relative displacement was to be observed, 
were then cemented into the masonry. Ob- 
servations were commenced in September. 
Owing to pressure of other work for the 
Ministry of Munitions, the observations 
have been confined to fortnightly readings 
of the micrometers. The results show- per- 
ceptible displacements between successive 
observations at all the stations, but. 
although in some cases there are indica- 
tions of a progressive displacement, in 
others the time-rate of displacement is so 
irregular, Ix'ing sometimes positive and 

J 4 

THE lUILlJJ.NG .NEWS: No. 3211. 

July 19, 191G. 

si.metimes negative, that the total dis- 
pliu-eineiit over th© six montlis duriiiu 
wliicli til© cracks have been under observa- 
tion is less than the maximum recorded. 
At only one station has the total juove- 
ment in six months exceeded one-hun- 
dredth of an incli, so that over the period 
considered no serious disturbances have 
been detected. At one station near the 
river front there have been movements, 
which suggest the existence of an effect 
due to the rise and the fall of the tide, 
and it is proposed to investigate tliis mure 
systematically on some convenient occa- 
sion. Owing to the sniallness of the dis- 
placements and the probable effect of tide 
and tenii>erature, the interjiretation of ihe 
results, with a view to determining the 
cause of the movements, will not be a very 
simple matter. 

Complaints of the cracking of concrete 
ground floors are more frequent than is 
pleasant, especially when laid on filling. 
The cracking may be due to contraction, 
expansion, unequal settlement, or un- 
equal loading. If the floor is finished 
with a surface of granolithic, mosaic, 
asphalte, wood block, stone setts, or other 
form of paving, the cracking extends to 
such surface. In some cases it causes 
serious trouble ; in all it is unsightly and 
objectionable. The liability to crack is 
considerably reduced, and in most cases 
cracking is entirely eliminated, by using 
a layer of B.R.C. Fabric in the concrete. 
This also increases the strength of the 
woi'k and saves time and money in its 
execution. Architects and builders inter- 
ested will find full particulars in a book- 
let just issued by the British Reinforced 
Concrete Co., Ltd., of 1, Dickinson Street, 

A remarkable change in the fortunes of 
Brown, Stewart, and Co., the paper manu- 
facturei-s, is shown in the report for the 
past year. For the twelve months ended 
April, 1915, there was a loss of £3,925, but 
fur the past year there was a profit of 
£22,231. The preference dividend has been 
long in arrears, and it is now- proposed 
to pay the dividend for the past year, 
and also a further seven years' arrears, 
which requires a sum of £24,000. War 
conditions, which are hitting all of us who 
use paper rather hardly, seem to favour 
the papermakers. Presently, perhaps, 
some of us may see our way to co-operative 
papermaking and becoming our own cus- 
tomers. We might, at any rate, ensui-o 
more dependable deliveries of the re- 
stricted quantities we are allowed to buy ! 

> »•» < 

The borough council of Woolwich have de- 
cided to instal an additional (boiler, superheater, 
and economiser at their Globe Lane electricity 
works at an estimated cost of JB5,890. and have 
given their sanction to the. pro)5osal by the 
London Countr Council to lay additional tram- 
Vay tracks in High Street, Plumstead. 

The death is announced at the age of fifty- 
two of Councillor G. H. Walker, of Stalybridge. 
a partner in tlie firm of Messrs. William Lender- 
wood and Brothers, contractors, Dukinfield. In 
his youth Mr. Walker was a bricklayer, but 
about thirty vears ago Councillor L^nderwood 
and he founded tlie firm whicli is now one of 
the largest contractors for public works in Eng- 
land. Their principal contracts ranged from 
£300.000 to £14,000, and included sewerage 
works, tramways, waterworks, and promenades. 


The small gallery of the Royal Institute 
of British Architoct«' am))ly sulliccs to 
display the selection which is now on 
view, comprising aliout eighty designs of sorts sent in response to the eight 
classes inaugurated by the Civic .Arts 
.Vssociation for a serii« of war memorials 
and for which prizes ranging from £50 
to £5 were offered. We uiulerstand that 
some four hundred schemes were sub- 
Miitte<l, but most of those not included 
in the exhibition could not be shown 
<iwing to their indifferent character ; and. 
judging from the selection allowed in the 
display, it is not difficult to understand 
how indifferent they must have been. We 
must not, of course, be understood as 
saying that the result of the enterprise 
is a failure, because a fair proportion of 
the designs exhibited are capable and 
interesting, notwithstanding the fact that 
no outstanding success can be recorded. 
Memorials should bf dignified, simple, 
and free from pompous pedantry, whether 
they are detached monuments, wall 
tablets, or grave stones, because they 
Ix^ong to all time ; and, above all, they 
should be adapted to their positions and 


The only competition among the classes 
figured I. to VIII., for which precise in- 
structions were given for the designer's 
guidance, is the premier one for a War 
Monument to be placed in the memiiers' 
courtyard of the New County Hall in 
course of erection for the London County 
Council. Competitors could see the draw- 
ings at the office of the architect of the 
building, Mr. Ralph Knott, and thus they 
were enabled to judge the setting and sur- 
roundings with which the proposed monu- 
ment would have to compare. There are 
only six designs placed in the exhibition, 
ancl of these there is no doubt that No. 49, 
the combined production of Mr. E. A. 
Rickards, F.R.I.B.A., the architect, and 
Mr. Henry Poole, R.B.S., the sculptor, 
was jiruperly awarded the first prize of 
£50, though we are not so sure that the 
scheme is exactly adapted to an enclosed 
situation overtopped by big municipal 
premises. As a whole the scheme is 
masterly, and certainly beautifully drawn, 
particularly Mr. Rickards' charcoal per- 
spective, the effect of the design being 
reminiscent of King Charles the First's 
monument at the top of Whitehall. A 
quatrefoil is engaged for the layout of the 
plan, arranged in three steps with rather 
awkward segmental slips, half-step high, 
set in at the intersections of the main 
curves forming the platform. The pedes- 
tal plinth is somewhat over-moulded as 
a base with Rococo _ detail and a 
Brubdignagian sword on oiie side in bronze 
and a corresponding anchor on the other 
with flaming censers in both places. 
These serve to justify the flanking projec- 
tions which otherwise would l>e unoccu- 
pied as between the wall or sides of the 
elongated shape of the j^edestal and the 
upper part of the quatrefoil platform be- 
fore-mentioned. The ends of the pedestal 
are curved on plan and thus fill the space, 
and on their fronts are rich cartoxiclie in- 
scription tablets with bold carvings of 
Late Renaissance character handled in 
a monumental way. The top of the work 
terminates with a bronze group by Mr. 
Poole coraiirising a full-skirted female, 
possibly emblematical of "Peace," and 
taking a weapon, if not a sword, from a 
nude warrior, while she elevates a cross 
above with her extended right hand. The 
design is distinctly clei'er, and obtains 
some advantage from the model in the 

central showcase, though the detail thus 
di»playe<l in the round to so small a scale 
suffers in comparison with the chic dash 
of the persi)ective. 

THE 8KC0XD I'ltIZE OF £15 

is taken by an entirely different pro])usal, 
submitted bv Mr. Eric Gill, the sculi)tMr, 
and .Mr. Charles H.dden, A.R.LB.A., the 
architect. Considering the site and its 
surroundings, much might be said foi' this 
somewhat archieological composition, 
though the subject of the Assyrian heavily 
drapeil figures seems somewhat far-fetched i 
for a war memorial commemorative of the 
county council staff who have given their ' 
lives on the battlefield. The sculptor's 
aim, he says, was to embody the ide.i 
of the driving out of evil as personified 
by the procession of 10-ft. men chosen to 
illustrate Christ in the act of expelling 
the money-changers from the Temple. 
They have a very Rodin-like look, and- 
are so arranged that they would hold their 
own as sculpture in the midst of a big 
building. The pedestal of Purbeck stone 
is perfectly plain, of elongated plan, and 
has a set-off at the top to take an in- 
scription. The structure stands on two 
unequal stejis without any pretension save 
ample size and scale. The group men- 
tioned was preferred to St. George and the 
Dragon, " The Angel of Mons," and 
similar familiar subjects. 


is taken by Mr. Alan Wyon and Mr. Stan- 
ley C. Ramsay. The circular pedestal of 
their scheme is divided into eight panels 
by pilasters, and emblems occur on its fac?, 
the inscription proper being put in a de- 
tached sarcophagus on the front side witli 
a bronze troph.y comprising a cannon, 
wreath, and palm branches. The rest- 
less weathering to the top of the circular 
plinth and tapering face below cannot be 
considered satisfactory. An enriciied 
foliated frieze encircles the top of the 
pedestal, but the fascia, which is curved 
in section with lotus-like patterning, is 
rather Egyptian in type and hardly in 
keeping with the rest. The figure of 
" Victory " on the top is perhaps a trifle 
commonplace. The model is a good one, 
but the perspective showing the court- 
yard is misleading by making the space 
look so very spacious. 

No. 51 : " Mr. Wilfrid Norton's scheme 
is distinguished by a pair of bronze 
figures of '■ Peace " and '' Truth," seated 
by the side of the pedestal which has 
pedimented ends, supported by circular 
columns. Above is the truculent-looking 
statue of Bellona trampling on her victim 
triumphantly. A circular step at the 
tottom of the composition indicates 
eternity. Amorini at the cardinal points 
hold big swags all in bronze which encircle 
the base, but their arrangement cuts up 
the elevation already ovenvroiight, and 
their good detail is no justification. The 
other designs for this monument exhibited 
are by Blr. Charles L. J. Doman and Mr. 
Thomas Rayson. 


jMr. Cyril A. Farey wins the prize of £20 
given by the Right Hon. Charles Booth 
for a fountain for an open site in a 
country town or village. The scheme is 
shown in a pleasure garden or park, in 
front of a lily pond, and is backed bv 
cut yew hedges, the reflection of the archi- 
tecture in the water greatly enhancing the 
effect of the composition. It has a i)edi- 
mented centre-piece with fluted quarter 
columns of the Doric order, blocked in 
one place towards their base. A semi- 
circular arched niche, with a bronze lion's 
head for the waterspout, forms the foun- 
tain part of this frontispiece, with double 
basins below, the overflow to the upper 

July 19, 1916. 



one being somewhat in excess seemingly of 
the supjjly above ; but this is a small 
matter. " Pro patria " occurs on the 
i frieze, and along the wing walls or screen 
are six inscription tablets stopped by 
stone posts, projecting beyond, to enclose 
tlie stone seat, which lines level with the 
top of the lower basin. These newel- 
toppeil posts suggest a wood treatment 
rather tlian stone, and do not go very 
well with the rest of the design. Cut yew 
trees gccupy wooden boxes to the right 
and left. Two steps go down to the pond, 
and above have a paved space-way as a 
terrace to enable the inscriptions to be 
read easily. 


by Miss Helen Frazer Rock, is shown by a 
little motlel and some pencil sketch draw- 
ings. It is quatrefoil in the plan of the 
basin, standing on round shafts like a font, 
and of about that size, with carved bosses 
on top and a figure of " The Angel of Re- 
membrance " grasping the emblem of the 
past. This centrepiece rises from the 
diagonal divisions of the basins with in- 
scription labels below, while on the four 
sides may be drinking cups. Two circular 
steps form the base. This fountain would 
be lost in a big open space, even in a vil- 

Xo. 21, by Mr. Ernest C. Theakston, 
F.R.I.B.A., is for a wayside site in the 
country, and has a tile-coped 18-in. wall of 
brickwork, and in the lower pai't on the 
road side is a drinking-trough and arched 
recess, while Miind to the path is a tile- 
built copper-like tank, serving as a drink- 
ing fountain, with stone inscription 
tablets by the side in the wall, all in stone, 
and a lintel over, very like a fireplace. 
The chief tablet is on the road front, where 
there is a dwarf diagonal wall each end to 
enclose the trough and small triangular 
step platforms. It is a capital scheme for 
a downside site 'midst the hills, but it does 
not refer to battlefields. 

Xo. 22, by Mr. Valentin Vaerwyck, has 
a- lumpy look, built up as it is with a 
divisional wall against a boldly projecting 
bowl on one side and a little drinking font 
on the other. The affair is in stone, and 
on the top part it is octagonal, rising on 
the curved wings, round which runs an 
inscription frieze. The summit is occu- 
pied by a bronze representing a mother 
fondling two boys. A seat on each side of 
this rising centre is wedged in and very 
liable to be made wet by sporting children 
messing about with the water. The basin 
is lined with blue tiles. Squat-cut yews 
are made important accessories on little 
grass plots which could not endure a week. 

Xo. 26, by Mr. C. M. Oldrid Scott, is a 
village cross with four lions on octagonal 
piers which divide up the circular steps 
leading to the niched stoup drinking- 
fountain, and on other three sides are 
inscription tablets. The tall shaft rises 
with buttresses at its base, and is topped 
by a handsome crown with a crucifix on 
one face in a trefoiled and cusped recess. 
The top is finished by a plain Latin cross 
as an apex. This is an able stone monu- 
ment as a whole, but it is spoiled by tlie 
gable weathered-stepped radiating web 
wallings, which seem to clutter up the 
lower part badly. 

Xo. 25. Mr. Thomas Rayson, has a 
design with a conical tile-roof canopy with 
six plain stone columns and a central 
square shaft which carries inscriptions in 
a dark situation, and there is a bowl on 
one side as a drinking stoup. The lay-out 
is sexagonal, and the timber roof is ceiled 
3n. A very suitable design for a village 
centre-piece, and a useful shelter. 

No. 28 is by Miss Edith Burnet, of 
Aberdeen. It is a monumental stone 
pedestal monument with rounded ends. 

tall and handsome. Each side longways 
has a too ample dog-trough, and the 
fountain water rises in the centi'al opening 
always in a draught : the spray therefore 
would blow over on to the tablet panels 
and cause the masonry to vegetate. Mr. 
T. Harold Hughes sends a good water- 
colour to illustrate the design and shows 
it in a well-kept pai'k. 

The timber and stone scheme, No. 29, 
by Mr. I. Jones, has big, massive 
butti^esses and a central shaft under a 
gabled, roof with open wood-framed 
gables, too chic and over-ambitious in 
idea and trivial in working out. No. 30, 
by Mr. D. Wishart Galloway, has a 
circular basin with a strutted pier looking 
like a water meter-box set out on the stone 
rim, with Celtic patternings. The next 
design is by Mr. Arthur E. Pearce, who 
llias a square 'box-built shaft in stone 
facings with an urn on top too like a big 
gate pier than a centre piece, but it is a 
practical ordinary drinking fountain, if 
commonplace. The other schemes are by 
Messrs. W. J. Wright, Joseph Weekes, 
J. Standen Atkins, and Jas. Walmsley, 
also Mr. John Brooks, fifteen designs 
beins shown. 

The Mural Paintings for a boys' school 
are poor. Miss Gladys D. Davison takes 
the first prize for a stagey group of re- 
turning soldiers, the chief character em- 
bracing his widowed mother, a body of 
troops retiring to the left, hindermost 
figure embracing a dog. To the right, in 
an arbour, two girls, and stiff landscape 
behind. Very little tone and poor colour- 
ing. The second prize work, by Miss Elsie 
McNaught, shows a seated woman help- 
lessly disconsolate with hands in her lap 
and a senile old man hard by outside a 
cottage door, with a group of young men 
in a field beyond a narrow stream, two 
by a tree, one making a hen-coop and one 
in meditation. Tliis possibly is a vision 
of the past. The enlarged pencil studies 
of two figures are admirable. There were 
fourteen designs chosen to show, but they 
do not speak well for those not seen if 
these are the best. 

The inexpensive home memorial competi- 
tion is won by Miss Muriel Perrin by a 
square plaque to be in cast metal, and 
illustrating horseman in the nude from 
Mons and the Marne. Capitally modelled 
in low relief about 10 ins. square. The 
Triptic frame for photograph in mahogany 
by Mr. J. H. Rudd is a g<x>d jdea well 
carried out, with space for medals on each 
side to the leaf-doors. 

Mr. Tom Broadbent won the first prize 
for the simple wall tablet, Mr. A. E. 
Martin tlie second prize, and Mr. Thos. 
Rayson the third prize. Four designs were 
shown. The premier design in stained 
wood in plain frame has very fine lettering 
drawn with the pen in gesso and gilt, with 
dragon in green and red ribbon between the 
I and the N at top. The shaped panel in 
middle of wreath in the second design is in 
oak, quiet and good, wifih Royal crown on 

The wall tablet, Class 3, in carved wood, 
is won by Mr. Thos. Rayson with a pedi- 
mented composition with cushion friezes up 
to brackets which support the gable, and in 
between are two winged cherubs' heads, 
nicely arranged. This is a quiet, abid- 
ingly dignified design for so small a sub- 
ject. The second prize design, by Mr. F. 
C. Eden, is spiky and angular, detached 
in idea and not an attractive scheme, with 
an outline of nondescript shape. Miss 
Dora Bard in X'o. 41 has an excellent 
design absolutely .suited to wood, quite 
modern, yet not at variance with prece- 
dent, well contained and prettily detailed. 
We cannot understand why it was not re- 
warded. The marble and stone tablet, 
Class 4, first prize is given to Mr. 

Eric Gill for a well-drawn and capi- 
tally lettered scheme nicely proportioned, 
but it is only a grave headstone put 
against a wall on two little brackets. It 
is in memoij of Andrew Blunt. " Ote 
Felicem " is below, and the Cameron 
Highlanders badge above. Xo. 53, the 
second prize, a Sicilian marble, by Mr. 
Alec Miller, is, for a tablet, well done' 
but 53, by E. W. Marshall, with an oval 
inscription panel, is very good, and might 
have been given something also. 

The bronze wall tablet, first prize 
design, is by Mr. Eric Bradbury, and 
has a portrait bust in low relief, veiy neat 
and becoming, with a prettily suggested 
frieze of figures up to either side of the 
square panel. Messrs. H. P. Gill and 
R. F. Wilson take the second prize for a 
recumbent nude figure of a soldier in low 
relief, with kneeling angel watchers in 
front. Not quito original, but \'tery good 
of its kind, rather stiff, and not quite 
satisfactory, as there is not enough space 
over the figure to look well. In the 
entrance lobby are to be seen two prize 
stained glass cartouche designs by Mr. 
Arthur Dix (Class VIII.), which we 
thought quite charming, but no others in 
this class appear to have been worth dis- 
playing, so no keen competition is in 

The inaugural meeting, held in the Eastern 
Gallery at 9, Conduit Street, on Monday 
afternoon, drew together a crowded and dis- 
tinguished audience, including the Bishops of 
Rochester and Wakefield, Dean Inge, Lord 
Aberconwav, the Lord Mayor of Bradford, 
the Head Master of Harrow, Sir Aston Webb, 
Professors W. R. Lethaby and Beresford Pite, 
Mrs. G. F. Watts, etc. "Mr. Ernest Newton, 
A.R.A., P. R.I. B. A., occupied the ohair, and 
observed it was our duty to ensure that our 
churches and homes were not disfigured by 
the erection of trade brasses and tablets that 
would dishonour the memorj of our heroes. 
Sir Cecil Harcourt Smith, LL.D., chairman 
of the Executive Committee, briefly explained 
the objects and aims of the association, 
noting that they had already a membership 
of over 300, and appealed for further adher- 
ents and the practical sympathy evinced by 
generous subscriptions. 

An address, epigrammatic, anecdotal, spiced 
with humour, and abounding in finely turned, was given by Dr. Arthur C. Benson, 
M.A., C.V.O., the Master of Magdalene 
College, Cambridge. This long and bitter 
war had revealed, he said, as nothing else 
could have done, the latent heroism of our 
nation, and had proved that our young men 
were brave, modest, and manly. Our task 
should be to make it certain that the memory 
of those who had fought and died for us 
should be as worUiily commemorate<l as pos- 
sible. Not that a memorial was in any sense 
a. reward for the honoured dead — they had a 
far more noble reward than that : a new life, 
a passing from strength to strensth. For all 
that, "Fame is love disguised," as Shelley 
had so finelv written, and we owed our 
love and gratitude to those who had made 
for us the great sacrifice, not only to 
remember but to commemorate them. Our 
present and immediate task, therefore, was to 
see that our dead were worthily commemor- 
ated, for our own sakes and for the sake of 
those who came after. In the first place we 
must not do this idly or carelessly ; we must 
take thought, have a plan and a purpose, 
and not be in too great a hurry. Hurry \vas 
the worst possible foe of memoriaJs. He 
trusted that we should also give careful con- 
sideration to the sites where our memorials 
should be set, so that they might be most 
constantlv and plainly seen by all ; and then 
we must" give tliought to the problem as to 
how they might best and most worthily fulfil 
their object, Avhioh was to remind us first 
of the dead and then to kindle emotion and 
imagination. He deplored our national 
habit of trying to combine local utility with 
a memorial. It reminded him of a zealous 
provincial dignitary who announced the death 
of a great statesman, and added that his 



July 19, 1910. 

j);i>>;iiij iuul iuijpimiifj djiihii tiiiifly, I\>|- imw 
tlii'V loiiUl iiiicleitiiku the lunv water supply 
for llio tDWii as a Ijditliiig iiieiiioriiil of luni. 
A ^eiiuiis (lifliriihy \va.s tlial artistic instinct 
in Knglami was not widely diffused; and 
another was (he dee|)i-eale«r niistrnst of the 
expert which existo<l in Kiigland, where he 
was often regarded simply as a man who let 
von in lor a heavier expense than you had 
intended. What we nec<lod ill our memorials 
were heanty. dignity, simi)licity, force. Wo 
neeiUnl what appealed to the eye, an<l then 
dartwl to the lieart omotioiie in which were 
blended gratitude and hojie. Forethought, 
.simplicity, naturalness, eloijuonce of emotion 
lather than of word, native feeling — these 
nualitics ought to furnish the keynote for our 
memorials. Let tlieni strive in" these works 
t' say as simply and emphatically as possihle 
wliat was meant and felt. 

A vote of thanks to Dr. Benson for his 
inspiring and suggestive address was pro- 
posed by tlie Bishop of Wakefield, who re- 
minded the members that the first century 
memorials in the Cat^Tcombs of Rome appealed 
by their simplicJty and directness to the 
deepest feeling of the he.irt. 

The Rev. R. F. Horton, D.D., in seconding 
tlie niotion, remarked that they had been 
privileged tliat afternoon to " look upon 
memorials of our honoured dead as from a 
college window, and had realised what should 
be the principles which should underlie their 
designing and craftsnianshiii. 

l!v .John West, M.Inst.C.E., .M.L.M.K. 


The London County Council at the meeting 
yesterday (Tuesday) were recommended by 
the Finance Committee to sanction the bor- 
rowing by the Islington Borough Council of 
£1,503, as an addition to an e.\]ienditure of 
£5.455 for electricity mains, needed on account 
of further increase in cost of materials. 

In consideration of the high cost of build- 
ing work and labour the amounts for which 
buildings are insured against fire and aircraft 
risks by various committees of the Council 
are to be increased by 20 per cent. 

Authority was giveii to the Education Com- 
mittee to delegate to the advisory coimcil of 
the Central School of Arts and Crafts, 
Southampton Row, for the period of the war, 
tlie power to grant an extension of two weeks 
after the third week to any class at which 
the numbers fall below the minimum (five in 
average attendance) prescribed by the Coun- 
cil's regulations. 

The Education Committee recommended 
that the services of Mr. L. C. Nightingale, 
principal of the Clapham School of Arts," and 
Mr. M. Rogers, visiting teacher at the same 
school. who will attain this autumn 
the age of sixty-five years, .shouild be 
reta.ined until the end of tihe 
holidays in December next. The Establish- 
ment Committee reported that as a matter of 
urgency leave of absence without pay had 
been granted to ilr. R. J. Tall, an assistaJit 
in *ihe first class in the architect's depart- 
ment, in order that he might undertake cer- 
tain work in connection with the war for 
H..M. Office of Works. 

The Improvements Committee treported 
that they have approved the drawings of the 
buildings proposed to be erected on the sites 
leased in the undermentioned cases : — Kin^s- 
w-ay and Aldwyoh ; Land in Kingswav. tSe 
Connaught House Development Syndicate, 
Ltd., site at south-west iuiiction of Kings- 
way and Aidwych, materials to be used in 
new building.i!. Surplus tramways property : 
Site at rear of Pulford Street. Piriilico, Basing- 
stoke Buildings, Ltd., Rotherhithe tunnel: 
Land in Albion Street, D. Hurtley and Sons, 
Ltd., land in Horseferry Branch' Road, Jlr. 
W. Morgan. 

The Local C4overnment Committee reported 
tha*. Mr. Howell J. Williams has presented 
to the Council various pieces of pottery dis- 
covered during excavations on the site at the 
corner of Gracechurch Street. The fragments 
Wiliich were broken have been pieced to- 
gether and certain of the articles restored in 
order to indicate their shape. The committee 
have made a selection of objects for exhibi- 
tion at the Horniman Museum" and the Geffrye 
Museum. Such of the qwtterv as is not re- 
quired for these purposes has been lent tu 
the '\'ictoria and Albert Museum. 


The advent of g.iseous tiring has enabled 
us to obtain higher lieats in retort settings. 
Consequently, retorts and bricks of greater 
fire-resisting quality were required to obtain, 
without destroying the settings, the full ad 
vantage of the higher temperatures emiiloved ; 
and greiter use was therefore made of silica 
fire goods, on account of their higher refrac 
torincss, especially in the combustion portions 
of the settings and around the underside of 
the retorts. 

About twenty-fivo j-rars ago I commciued 
to turn mv attention particularly to t!ie nianu- 
facturo of silica bricks, and was instrumental 
in establishing a brick-works for the purpose 
in Derbyshire. During this period, many 
and varied experiments h,-ive been made with 
a view to obtaining a reliable silica fire-brick. 
The experience has been extremely interest- 
ing; the subject, though surrounded by many 
difficulties, being an absorbing one.' The 
difficulties as time proceeded have, I venture 
to submit, been successfully overcome. 

As you are no doubt aware, most silica bricks 
expand, while ordinary fire goods contract, 
very materially when subjected to high tem- 
peratures; and you will 'appreciate that both features are very objectionable. A long 
time ago I came to the conclusion that all fire- 
goods should be made, as far as possible, so 
that expansion and contraction should be at 
the minimum ; and I also believed that, by 
careful and steady experimenting with various 
mi.xtures, this much-desired result could be 
achieved. As you, of course, know, silica 
goods are difficult to manufacture, owing to 
the very small percentage of binding material 
permissible in their composition. 

Must of the silica obtained from the pits in 
which I am interested in Derbyshire is proved 
by analysis to be very pure. It contains about 
96 per cent, of silica ; so that there is a very 
good margin for the manufacture of highly 
refractory bricks. After many experiments, 
we succeeded in making an excellent and high 
refractory brick, which, in the experimenrai 
furnace, did not show any signs of expanding 
or contracting. Samples" of the bricks were 
sent for testing to Dr. Mellor ; and he stated 
that the material neither expanded nor con- 
tracted at cone No. 12 1350° C. (2462° F;iJir.). 
Tliese non-expanding silica bricks have for 
many years past been used by me in hori- 
zontal settings, particularly in those positions 
exposed to the greatest heat, with the results 
that combustion chambers have practically re- 
tained their original shape under high tem- 
peratureSj and retorts have remained true. 
The importance of these features, especially 
with retorts operated by stoking machinery", 
will be appreciated. 


The question of the expansion and contrac- 
tion of refractory materiaJs is a very serious 
and important one ; and it is only by great 
care and frequent observation that a decision 
can be arrived at as to the actual behaviour 
under the working conditions, more par- 
ticularly in respect of the load on the material 
at high temperatures. To make a 
suitable selection of materials for use in the 
various forms of retort-settings is, therefore, 
a difficult problem, particularly in these days 
of high temperatures, where there is a com- 
bination of silica and ordinary fire-clay goods 
in a setting ; the silica having a tendency to 
expand, and the fire-clay a tendency to con- 
tract — two distinct variations troublesome to 
deal with. 

In my experience, I know of many cases 
where serious failures have occurred through 
the combination of unsuitable materials. It 
is important that proper materials for sup- 
porting retorts immediately above and around 
the combustion chamber should be provided. 
It will be within the experience of more than 
one of us that, even with suitable silica 
materials in combustion chaifihers, and with 
first-class retorts, retorts have sunk out of 

* From a paper read before the Manchester District 
of Ga« Eneineei's. The president, Mr. Edward A. 
Harman, M.Inst.C.E., of Hudilersfleld. in the chair. 

line to till' contraction <if the fire-clay 
material supporting the retorts. The dith- 
culty has ivsiiltcd- in an extended use of 
silica materials in critical positions. 


The development of the Clover-West ve. 
tical retort system has jire.sented some fre- i 
problems with regard to the selection of tli/ 
most suitable relractory materials to metn 
new circumstances. \'cry particular attentiu:i 
has 'been paid to the obtaining of the b'-^' 
hand-made lire-clay retorts for the " v. i 
ticals ; " and it has been po.ssible to liitrodui " 
materials subject to very little ex)iaiision ...- 
contraction under working conditions. Th'; 
difficulties previously referred to, of blendin.; 
silica and fire-clay materials, have, howevi-i , 
jjresented themselves in the development o! 
the system ; and recent experiences suggest the 
more general use of silica segmeutal-niadi! 

The first installation into 
which segmental silica retorts were introduced 
has now been in active operation 1.165 da.\ - 
A recent inspection indicated that the retort -i 
were still in excellent condition; and, apart 
from a probable long life, there are adviiii- 
tages in the letting up and down of the 
retorts. They will stand higher temperatures; 
and, consequently, a larger output per retort 
is obtained. The first cost is somewhat 
heavier compared with fire-clay retorts ; but 
this will be 'balanced by longer life. 


I understand that the Sheffield Gas Com 
pany have used segmental silica fire-blocks for 
horizontal retorts for a more extended period, 
and in larger quantities, than any other gas- 
works in Great Britain. This extensive prac- 
tical experience should 'be very valuable to 
us. Mr. Morrison has informed me that the 
silica bricks used in their retort-settings con- 
tain about 85 per cent, of silica, and that for 
this special purpose he prefers these blocka 
to those containing a larger percentage of 
silica. After deciding to read this paper, I 
asked Mr. Morrison if he would let me have 
some samples of the bricks for testing ; and 
he kindly consented to do so. Therefore, 1 
have had the bricks analysed, and tested for 
refractoriness ; and the results are as fol- 
lows : — 

No. 1. 
Per cent. 

No. a. 
Per oent. 
. . 90.20 

1 85 





l'"eiric oxide 

Manganese oxide 


.'.".'.' 0.10 

. '. 0.21 










Refractory lest 


Cone 27-28 
= 1610' tol630C. 
= 2930°to2966''Fahr. 

Cone No. 30 
= 1670'^ C. 

There is no doubt that a class of material 
containing about 85 per cent, of silica is 
the most suitable for segmental horizontal 
retorts, on account of the small amount of 
expansion, and preferable to a material con- 
taining 95 per cent, of silica with its higher 


Reference has already been made to the 
tests by Dr. Mellor of the Derbyshire-made 
bricks, which, tested separately, show prac- 
tically no expansion or contraction. In prac- 
tice, however, it is found, taking a vertical 
retort-bench as a 'whole — the settings being 
built with silica materials and the retorts of 
fire-clay — that there is a total expansion under 
working temperature of 2 in. in the height of 
a vertical retort-bench, 21 ft. overall. This 
circumstance indicates the difficulty of 
minutely gauging, and accurately arriving at, 
the expansion or contraction of any single 
brick, and suggests, in addition to the labora- 
tory test, a test being made on a large scale ' 
of practical character. 

A test on the following lines was therefore 
carried out (Fig. 1) : * A column of silica 
bricks, 100 in. in height, was built inside one 
of the kilns in which the bricks are burnt 
off ; this more nearly representing practical- 
working conditions. Careful measurements 
were made when the kihi temperature 
reached 2600° Fahr. , and again when the 

July 19, 191G. 



kiln was let down and was in cool condition. 
The brick column was built just under the 
cooling hole in the crown of the kiln ; and the 
measurements were taken by fi.xing a per- 
manent iron bar some distance above, and 
clear of the kiln over this hole. By means 
of this bar accurate measurements from the 
top of the column were taken from time to 
time under varying temperatures. The result 
of this test revealed the fact that the column 
of bricks expanded to 100| in. at the tem- 
perature before mentioned. This e.xpansion, 
which very nearly coincided with the expan- 
sion of settings working under normal condi- 
tions, is, however exti'emely low for silica 
bricks in bulk and is easily provided for. 
Both in this country and abroad there are 
silica materials the expansion of which is 
more than double that shown by the fore- 
I going figures, and ivhich produce considerable 
distortion of the retorts. The simple method 
I described of carrying out a practical test is 
i •worthy of consideration ; and it can be per- 
formed at very little expense. 
There appears to be an idea prevailing in 
I some quarters that the higher the percentage 
I of silica in the article manufactured, the 
I greater the refractoriness. There is one thing 
I certain, that, as a rule, the higher the per- 
I centage of silica, the greater the expansive- 
I ness ; and very special provision has to be 
\ made to meet this exceedingly objectionable 
; feature. Aly experience does not bear out or 
I support the theory as to the higher percent- 
' ages of silica denoting higher refractoriness. 
. On the contrary, one can get much better 
' results with a smaller percentage of silica, 
when mixed previously with other suitable 
ingredients which improve the quality of the 
material, with the advantage that it is less 
liable to crack or crumble when cooled down. 
At the same time, the objectionable feature 
of expansiveness, which is so liable to disturb 
the settings, is, to some extent, eliminated. 


The question of load and pressure on bricks 
when working at high temperatures in the 
settings is a very important matter ; and 
it can only be satisfactorily determined by test- 
ing under working conditions and by close ob- 
servation. In practice, it has been found in 
many cases that, although some silica and fire- 
clay bricks as tested in the laboratory give 
very high refractory results, this does not in- 
dicate full proof of their remaining stable 
under load and at normal working tempera- 
ture. This important question is, however, 
now receiving more general and special con- 
sideration than formerly. 

In some recent tests by Dr. Mellor, it was 
shown that high refractoriness is not a true 
criterion of the working value of bricks when 
tested with a load under heat. He mentions, 
as an example, a sample made of china clay, 
which is highly refractory when tested in the 
furnace in the laboratory, and will stand under 
heat cone No. 35, or a temperature of 1770° C. 
(3218° Fahr.), but will give wav under load at 
cone No. 14, or 1410° C. (2570° Fahr.). Some 
of the best fire-clay bricks, which will stand 
cone No. 32 or 1710° C. (3110° Fahr.), will 
give way under load at cone No. 15, or 1435° 
C. (2515° Fahr.) ; and others will give way 
at cone No. 12, or 1350° C. (2462° Fahr.). He 
found, however, that a silicious brick, which 
would stand the test of cone No. 34, gave a 
refractoriness of 1750° C. (3182° Fahr.), and 
did not with the same load, as in the former 
tests, give way until cone No. 26 was reached, 
or 1580° C. (2876° Fahr.). 

Dr. Mellor 's Test.s of Materials Under 
Load and Temperature. 

Rind ol Matarial. 


Ohioi Clay 

Beil flre-cla; brick 

Sillclous brick . 


Ccns 14 
1410' C. 
2570' Fahr. 
Cone 15 
1435' C. 
2615' Fahr. 
Cone 26 
1580= C. 
2875° Fahr. 


Cone 35 
1770' C. 
3218= Fahr. 
Cone 32 
1710' C. 
3110' Fahr. 
Cone 34 
1750° C. 
3182' Fahr. 

These tests go to prove conclusively the 
superiority of silicious bricks for standing 
heavy loads in actual practice at high tempera- 

tures. The tests also show that, with the best 
hre-clay goods, and the temperatures often em- 
ployed, the danger zone is frequently ap- 
proached ; and this is an indication that there 
IS a limit to the temperature which must not 
be exceeded. It theretore becomes necessary 
that watch should be very carefully and con- 
tinuously kept over the practical working of 
retort-.settings when running at high tempera- 
tures, or there will be risk of collapse — a dis- 
aster of which probably some of you have had 
a little experience. 

a simple practical test. 

For many years past I have made a practice 
of testing and comparing bricks under load 
or pressure by placing them side by side in 
a furnace. As the heat of the furnace in- 
creases, at a certain temperature, which is 
indicated by Seger cones, the two pieces 
of brick are taken up with a pair of tongs 
and pressed together. The tong* will make 
an indent on one of the two pieces of brick, 
or in some cases they may tumble to pieces. 
I have several samples of the effects produced 
with these bricks under this test. All the sam- 
ples before being tested showed a refractori- 
ness of about cone No. 33, or 1730° C. (3146° 
Fahr.). Some of them eoftened or crumbled 
at very low temperatures. There was one 
brick, however, that withstood this load test 
far in excess of all others. This was a 
silicious brick ; and it began to glaze at the 
temperatures of cones Nos. 27 and 28, or 
1630° C. (2966° Fahr.). This gave the beet 
results of any bricks that I have ever tested 
under load and working conditions. 

I may say that I have recently had tested 
in a kiln a whole silicious brick, with upon 
it a load of 84 lbs. to the square inch at a 
temperature of 2600° Fahr. ; and the load 
did not have any effect upon it. 

manufacture of silica uricks and 
It may be of interest at this stage to give a 
brief outline of the manufacturing process 
at the silica fire-brick works at which the ex- 
periences referred to have been gathered. 
The silica raw material is obtained from 
three jpits, and iis carefully selected and 
graded before being stored in separate sheds. 
Four qualities of silica goods are manufac- 
tured from these raw materials, after being 
properly mixed with other necessary ingredi- 
ents, and are as follows ; — 

For Steel-Furnace Works. — Bricks and 
blocks containing from 93 to 95 per cent. 
of silica. Test for refractoriness, from 
1730° to 1770° C. = 3146° to 3218° Fahr. 
For Gos-Works. — (1) Special for seg- 
mental retorts ; bricks and shapes con- 
taining from 91 to 92j per cent, of silica. 
Test for refractoriness, from 1710° to 
1750° _C. = 3110° to 3182° Fahr. (2) 
" B.B." quality, containing from 89 to 91 
per cent, of silica. Test for refractori- 
ness from 1650° to 1690° C. = 3002° to 
3074° Fahr. (3) Ordinary bricks, con- 
taining 85 to 88 per cent, of silica. Test 
for refractoriness, from 1610° to 1630°. 
C. = 2930° to 2966° Fahr. 
The silica material is ground with a small 
proportion of grog, etc. ; all being mi.xed and 
ground together, in perforated pans, and 
screened to size. Afterwards the material 
is delivered into large bins (which is a depar- 
ture from the ordinary practice), where it 
is saturated with the necessary quantity of 
water (Fig. 2). It remains soaking in these 
bins for about a week ; so that the very 
small and minute particles of clay mixed with 
the silica become thoroughly saturated, and 
worked well around the silica sand and 
quartz. In this way the whole mass becomes 
semi-plastic, and is, in consequence, more 
easily manipulated during manufacture. Very 
considerable importance is attached to this 
method of manufacture, as it improves the 
qiuality of the materials, by giving it a 
definite and fixed combination throughout. 

The moulded materials are then laid upon 
iron or cement hollow floors, the undersides 
of which are heated by waste or live steam. 
When carefully and thoroughly dried, they 
are placed in the kilns, whore they are well 
burnt -off at a temperature higher than they 
will have to withstand in ordinary gas-works 
practice. I consider that all fire goods should 

be burnt off in this manner, a'*hough the 
coal consumption of the kilns is ..icreased. 


Muchf has been said and written about the 
alleged superiority of German made retorts 
and other fire materials ; and a few words 
may not be out of place here on the subject. 
There is no doubt that the Germans have 
made (as in tlie case of many of their other 
industries) a special study of firebrick pro- 
duction and retort-bench construction, and in 
this they have been assisted very much by 
German gas engineers and scientists. Cost, 
too, has not been regarded, for in that coun- 
try the makers get higher prices, pro rata, 
for their goods than is obtainable in England. 
It is acknowledged by all who have studied 
the matter that there is as good material in 
Great Britain as there is in Germany, and 
that it is only a question of bringing scientific 
and practical experience into the manufacture 
to produce finished goods which will com- 
pare more than favourably with those of 
German make. With every confidence, I say 
that British manufacturers will rise to the 
occasion and maintain their position. 

With the kind of material made in Ger- 
many I have some personal knowledge. .Mr. 
Irminger, the chief gas engineer of the 
Copenhagen Municipality, some years ago 
made very exhaustive experiments in his 
combustion chamber arches with the best 
German materials against the Derbyshire 
silica bricks. ■ While the German materials 
gave way, the Derbyshire materials kept 
their original form, and only became glazed 
on the outer surface. I communicated with 
Mr. Irminger recently on this subject, and 
he replied as follows ; " Attention may be 
called to the arches in the combustion cham- 
bers of our setting being of silica blocks and 
bricks (jhroughout, and this prevents the 
retorts which are supported by them from 
sinking, as the silica material expands very 
little. Arches of ordinary clay bricks of the 
best German materials have been found to 
sink more than 6 ins. ; the bricks, in my 
opinion, not being burnt at a sufficiently high 
temperature, and contraction subsequently 
takes place. Since we commenced, many 
years ago, the use of the Derbyshire silica 
firebricks in our arches, where the highest 
temperature prevails, we have never found 
any sinking of the 20-ft. long retorts sup- 
ported by the silica arches — the duration 
being equal to. or more than, the retorts 
(say, about 1,500 days), while with the best 
German materials the duration was only 
some hundred days, on account of the sink- 
ing of the retorts, which prevented the use 
of stoking machines." 

Mr. Irminger also said that he thinks it 
impossible to obtain reliable tests with fire- 
bricks after only a few hours' trial in a 
laboratory in an ordinary atmosphere, and 
that it is a question of time, together with 
the chemical action at high temperature by 
different gases. Both these factors can only 
be realised in actual working over a year or 
more. He goes on to say : " I have experi- 
mented very often by placing bricks in the 
combustion chamber from 200 to 300 days, 
and w-hen the ovens are cooled down to make 
a thorough examination of them. The best 
proof is, I have found some of the best 
German clay retorts may go very well for 
some months, but they afterwards commence 
to shrink. Tlierefore, long-time proof is 
necessary." I quite endorse Mr. Irminger's 
views, and know of other engineers who are 
of the same opinion. 


In conclusion, it is hoped that our united • 
endeavours will result in manufacturers being 
induced by encouragement to produce the 
best possible materials, with due considera- 
tion to quality rather than low prices. Good 
quality must have a tendency to increased 
first cost, but the increase will disappear auto- 
matically with long life and reduced mainten- 
ancf! charges. I am sufficiently optimistic 
to believe that the continued investigations 
of the Refractory Materials Committee, in 
conjunction with the practical experience 
and assistance of British makers, will place 
this important feature of the structural and 
manufacturing sides of our industry in a 
sound and unassailable position. 


Thvmas it iris, Lift., Photo.] 

HANDSWORTH, NEAR BIRMINGHAM.— Mr. Horace G. Bradley, Architect. 


VLKU — - 

=^~ iS^^SN ^ 


JLY 19, 1916. 

S A 

r-M)Nt ELEVA^tlOi"- 


M U 

m , Wft 



hl-IHH S 

ar> 30 40 £o 6o yb 





wrun£- £X7Eys/mr 


lUDF 0VEI\,^0|U^HOP-6 


. W. Peel Schoiield, A.R.I.B.A., and Allison B. Berry, Joint Architects 


Slcvurl IMe, P.uAu., !.ivi:ri,„nl.] 


Sir William Goscombe John, R.A., Sculptor. 


Slelcnrl ISitlf, Pholo., Ln'erjwi,lA 


Sir William Gosco': 

R.A., Sculptor. 



Messrs. W. Peel Schofield, A.R.I.B.A., and Allison B. Berry, Joint Architects. 


TiiK iu;ildjm; xkws: ^^.. :i-2\i. 

J VIA- 19, 191(). 


The illustration shows a beiuitiful s|)i'ii- 
men of a wroiightiron Imndlo (or liftj ami 
lock-plato attached to a, sixteenlhcentiiiy 

I'ortu.'iu si' \voH(tiiif;tronsscaii i hcst in Hrauii 

l>aae are nude figuivs lupiesenting the ele- 
ments earth, fire, air, and water. These 
(inures support an orean-eneircled k1o1)o, 
ln'hinil which rises a flaming sun. The oliclisU 
is snrmiinnted by a grtinp of female figures 
symbolic of the sea and by a gilded torch 
siii;i;cstivc uf the triLuii|ph of fire and com 





Dr.iwu by Mr. ALLEN T. HUSSELL, P. R. I.E. A. 

ton Church, North Devon. The handle re- 
volves up\vards in sockets at A and B, and is 
used for lifting up the cover of the chest. 
The lock-plate has a square raised portion, 
incorporating the key-hole. The letters " E " 
and " C " at the top of the handle are the 
initials of the original owner, whose roughly 
incised figure (together with that of his wife") 
appears on the front of the chest, with the 
initials " E " and " C " adjacent. 

Allen- T. Hissell, F.K.I.B.A. 

(Buv illnstratinns. 


This memorial, which has just been com- 
pleted, commemorates the noble sacrifice and 
devotion of the engine-room staff of en- 
gineers, electricians, boilermakers, and their 
associated workers w-'ho lost tlieir lives at sea 
in the fulfilment of their duty. It has been 
erected on the Princes Pierhead on a pro- 
minent and admirable site given by the cor- 
poration and from a fund raised by world- 
wide subscriptions. The memorial is the 
work of Sir William Goscombe John, R.A., 
and is symbolic in design and treatment, 
the motive chosen by the sculptor being the 
contending nature of the elements fire and 
water. The design takes the form of a mas- 
sive rectangular brfse from which rises an 
obelisk. On two sides of the base are groups 
of sculpture representing the different mem- 
bers of the staff, the figures in each group 
holding the characteristic tools of their office. 
Inscriptions, with appropriate wreaths and 
emblems, occupy the other two sides of the 
base. The groups of "stokers" and "en- 
gineers," which are executed in granite, 
are shown by the models in the Royal 
Academy Exhibition this year. At the 
angles of the upper portion of the 

memorative of the services rendered by those 
who keep the lights burning. The inscrip- 
tions are as follows : — North panel : " In 
honour of all heroes of the marine engine-room. 
This memorial was erected by international 
subscription. MCMXVI." " South panel : 
"The brave do not die. Their deeds live 
for ever, and call upon us to emulate their 
courage and devotion to duty." The whole 
of the monument, including the sculpture, is 
of grey granite. It is 48 ft. high, and sur- 
rounded by a raised border of grass, about 
40 ft. in diameter, with a granite kerb. 
Granite has been used very little for sculp- 
ture in this country, and the memorial is 
the first important work of its kind in which 
the whole of the sculpture has been executed 
in granite and in wihich the design and treat- 
ment have been appropriate to this exceed- 
ingly hard and often unsympathetic material. 
The committee, which has for its pi-esident 
tlie Right Hon. Earl Derby, K.G., is to be 
congratulated on the success of its efforts, 
and it is to be regretted that, owing to the 
war, it is considered inexpedient to have 
an inaugurating ceremony. 


We gave four views and a plan of this 
most interesting Tudor manor-house in our 
issue of July 5 last, with a descriptive 
article. To-day we direct special attention 
to the very fine cusped and moulded o))en 
timber- framed roof over the Late 15th 
Century banqueting hall. The roof still 
stands much in the same condition as when 
the Martyns built it in the days of Henry 
VII. On the left hand of the picture is the 
beautiful oriel, which is also seen in the 
accompanying exterior photograph, which 
includes the crenellated porch of two stories 
just as it was originally designed. Stone 
corbels carry the ends of the principals of 
the roof, and the purlins have carved bosses, 
wliidh are gilt. Tlie wind-braces are cusped 
in a pleasant way, and the whole thing is 

a superb example of me<liieva] carpentry. A 
woodcut engraving of this roof appears in 
Parker's " Glossary of Gothic Architec- 
ture," but thiit illustration is not by any 
means so good as the view now given here. 
.\t the back of the dais is seen the Tudor 
liieplace. lt« opening is about 8 ft. wide, 
,in<l is spanned by a camber-shaped lintel all 
in one piece of stone. The segment is so 
slight as liajdly to be termed an arched open- 
ing. We are indebted to Messrs. Knight, 
Frank, and Rutley for the loan of the ))hoto- ■ 
graphs. The public sale of the property 
takes place to-morrow, the 20tli inst., in the 
sale rooms in Hanover Square, W. 


We give a double-page sheet of the plans, 
with elevation and part section, as well as 
two photographic views which are self-ex- 
planatory, and therefore a short description 
of the materials used will sutlice. The 
L;lazed bricks for dadoes and sanitary blocks 
were from the Leeds Fireclay Co., Ltd. The 
woodwork generally is in redwood, the hall 
and entrance vestibule being m oak, and 
the main entrance doors in W'alnut. The 
class-rooms have cement dadoes, with floors 
finished with 2-in. redwood blocks, and the 
corridors and science-rooms, also lavatories 
and cloak-rooms, have glazed brick dadoes 
and terrazzo floor finishes. The general con- 
tractor was Mr. Paul Rhodes, Skinner Lane, 
Leeds, and the following firms were the sub- 
contractors : — Fireproof floors, Messr.-. 
Kleine, Ltd., London; a.sphalting, Messrs. 
Tunstall, Ltd., Leeds Bridge; carving, Mr. 
E. Cauldwell Spruce, Leeds; heating, 
Messrs. Haden and Sons, Manchester; ven- 
tilation, Messrs. Hargreaves and Sons, Bury : 
electric lighting, Messrs. Dixon a'nd Sons. 
Leeds; sanitary fittings, Messrs. Pickup 
Horwich ; wood-block floors, Messrs. HoUi^ 
Bros, and Co., Ltd., Hull; terrazzo floor.-, 
Messrs. Hodkin and Jones, Ltd., Sheffield ; 
railings and gates, Messrs. The Brookficld 
Art Metal Co., Leeds; door and window 
furniture and fittings, Messrs. Leggotl. 
Ltd., Bradford; fireplaces, Messrs. Fan 
and Sons, Doncaster ; cloak-room fitting-, 
Mr. James Gibbons, Wolverhampton; fold 
ing partitions, Messre. Lockerbie and W;l 
kinson, Tipton ; patent glazing, Messrs. Mel 
lowes and Co., Ltd., Sheffield; steel roor 
principals, Messrs. Bedpath Brown, Ltd . 
Manchester; floor polishing, INIessrs. Ronuk. 
Ltd., Brighton. Messrs. W. Peel Schofield, 
A. R.I. B. A., and Allison B. Berry, of Leeds, 
are the joint architects. 


This bank, for Messrs. Lloyds, Limited, 
and the picture-house adjoining, all in one 
block of buildings, have been erected in the 
Holyhead Road, Handsworth, Birmingham. 
The walling is built of 2i-in. sandstocks and 
grey terracotta dressings, from the designs 
and under the supervision of Mr. Horace G. 
Bradley, architect, Birmingham. We give 
two photographic views of the premises, 
which have lately been completed. 

Captain and Adjutant Stanley Thomas 
Arthur Neil, West Y'orte Regiment, killed c.n 
July 1, was the second son of Mr. and 'Mrs. 
Wiiliam Warwick Neil, of Southampton and 
Leeds, and was born in 1890. Educated at 
King Edward VI, 's Grammar School and 
Hartley University CK)llege, Southampton, he 
afterwards served "for three yeare with Messrs. 
Playfair and Toole, Government contractors, of 

Lieutenant William C. M'C'onnell, Royal 
Irish Rifles, killed on July 8. aged 36. was the 
youngest son of Sir Robert M'Conncll. Bart., 
an ex-Lord Mayor of Belfast. Lieutenant 
M'Connell was ediicated at Stubbington House, 
Fareham. and completed his term as an articled 
pupil at the Queen's Engineering Works, Bed- 
ford, afterwards taking a course of electrical 
engineering at the City and Guilds of London 
Institute. At the outbreak of war he wiis a 
partner in the firm of M'Connell and Bailey, 
mechanical and electrical engineprs, Carlyle 
Works, Limehouse, and Basinghall Street, E.G. 


Jllv ]i), 191(J. 

THE BUILDL\.^ NEWS: No. 3211. 


IKuilDtng ilnti^ni^ina. 

Bexhiix. — A new infectious diseases hos- 
pital has recently been eompleted for Be.xhill 
from plans and under the supervision of Jlr. 
George Ball. A..M.I.C.E., the borough engi- 
neer. The observation pavilion contains 
accommodation wards fur two males and two 
females, together with duty room and spa- 
cious verandah. A small laundry has been 
erected adjoining the existing kitchen. The 
buildings are of brick with rough-cast and 
local red-brick dressings, plinths and sills. 
and have slated roofs with red roll ridging. 
The floors consist of polished pitch-pine 
blocks in concrete. The heating is by open 
fireplaces, and the lighting by gas with in- 
candescent inverted burners. The wards are 
ventilated by means of inlet ventilators at 
the floor-level under each bed. The cost of 
the works, including furnishing, is estimated 
at £1.150. 



The Building of tiie Nkw Loc.4l Oovekn- 
MEXi Bo.^RD Offices.— Spencee, Santo, and 
Co., v, H.M. Office of Works.— This im- 
portant action was settled on the 11th inst 
after a hearing of twenty-eight davs, before 
Mr. Edward Pollock, Official Referee, at the 
Royal Courts of Justice. The plaintiffs, Messrs. 
Spencer. Santo, and Co.. Limited, contractors. 
cJa'"i«?J from H.ll. Office of Works, a sum of 
£97,000 balance alleged to be due in connection 
with the cost of the building of the new Local 
Government Board Offices in Whitehall. The 
defendants new agreed to pay £3.000, each of 
the parties to pay their own costs. Mr. Holman 
Gregory, K.C., counsel for plaintiff's, annoimc- 
ing th,^ settlement, said he and Sir Reginald 
Aoland, K.C.. defendants' counsel, had agreed 
that the record should be withdrawn, each 
party to pay their own costs, and the defen- 
dants to pay to the plaintiffs £3.000. that snm 
to be paid into Court on behalf of the deben- 
ture-holders in the plaintiff company. It would 
only be fair, he added, to state that if he had 
cast any aspersion on Sir Henrv Tanner or any 
^her official connected with H.M. Board of 
Works, m opening his case, he should like on 
behalf of his clients to withdraw it. Sir Regi- 
nald Acland, in agreeing, said it had become 
pe^fectly obvious that the claim had been 
gi-ossly exaggerated, and the case seemed likely 
to go on indefinitely. The Commissioners there- 
fore asked whether it was worth while to go 
on or not. He submitted strongly that it was 
not. The Official Referee concurred with what 
had been said by counsel, and gave judgment 

Leicester Architect's Divorce.- In the 
Divorce Court, on the 10th inst., Mr. Justice 
Bargrave Deane granted Mr. Thomas Henry 
Fosbrooke. an architect, of Market Street, 
Leicester, a dissolution nf his marriage with his 
wife. Mrs. Edith Mary Elizabeth Fosbrooke, on 
the ground of her misconduct with Captain 
(now Major) S. D. Stuart. The suit was unde- 
fended. The parties were married on Mav 17. 
1E94, at St. Peter's Church, Leicester, and the 
child of the marriage, a daughter, was born in 

• >—•••—< 


Amalgamated Societv of Carpenters and 
Joiners.- The final return of the voting 
amoiig.«t members of the ."Amalgamated Society 
of Car|jcntcrs and Joiners on the proposal to 
continue the present general lew for further 
augmenting the Union funds is as follows : In 
favour, 11,223: against, 4,574; majority in 
favour. 6.649. The executive council recom- 
mended the members to continue the lew in 
order to strengthen the position of the society 
for dealing with industrial problems likely to 
arise after tin- war. 


The directors of the London Cminty anil 
Westminster Bank. Limited, have declared an 
mterim dividend of 9 ner cent, for the halfvear 
endmg June 30. The dividend, 9s. per share, 
(less mot;me tax) will be payable on August 1. 
>->««v— < 

A school for physicillv defeotiva ohildren. 
.erec^d for the London Education Committee 
m Webber Street, Waterloo Road, S.E,, IR 
approaching completion. Messrs. S. N. Goole 
and iSons, Dunstable Works, Riclimondi, 
Surrey, are the buihlers. 


Air. James Sant, C.V.O., R.A. (retired), 
died on Wednesday at his house in Lan- 
caster Gate, W., in his 97t.h year. His long 
working career as au artist has only been 
exceeded in duration by Titian, who is 
credited with having continued to paint until 
just before his death, at the age of 99, and 
•Sidney Cooper, the animal painter, who main- 
tained his activities until he had passed the 
ago of 96. Mr. Sant's last picture, a .self- 
portrait, is hung at the Academy Exhibition 
this season, having been finished last year. 
Born at Croydon, on April 23, 1820, he studied 
under John Varley and Sir Augustus C'allcott. 
He entered the Academy Schools in 1840, and 
in the same year e.xJiibited at the Academy 
his first work, a portrait of William 
Sant. His refined and graceful fancy subjects 
and portraits quickly attracted attention, 
and an early work which attained great 
popularity was "The Infant Samuel," hung 
in 1853. In 1861, when he had " The 
Whisper," "Little Red Riding Hood," and 
three other works hung at the Academy, he 
was elected an .A.ssociate, and eight years 
later became a full Academician. In 1871 lie 
succeeded Sir George Hayter as Painter-iii- 
Ordinary to Queen Victoria. From first to 
last he exhibited over 300 pictures at the 
Academy, one of the most popular being 
" The Soul's Awakening," contributed in 
1888. On his retirement from active member- 
ship of the Royal Academy in 1914, in order 
" to afford an opportunity of full membership 
to an Associate," he was created a C.V.O. 

We regret to learn that among those who 
have been killed during the advance on the 
Somme is Professor Eugene Bourdon, B.A. 
He was appointed Director of Architectural 
Studies and Professor of Architectural 
Design in the Glasgow School of Architecture 
twelve years ago, and the success of that 
school, which is associated with and meets 
at the Royal Techn.ical College, is largely 
due to his ability and his successful guidance 
of its work. Professor Bourdon was a Staff 
captain of the French Army, and rejoined 
immediately after the declaration of war. In 
his military service he showed exceptional 
capacity and courage, and he received the 
Croix de IS Legion d'Honneur, with three 
"citations" in Army Orders, the Frencli 
Croix de Guerre, and the British Military 

Captain Albert Edward Corbett, F.R.I.B.A.. 
Border Regiment, who was killed on July 1, 
was the younger son of the late ilr. Joseph 
Corbett, "for many years borough engineer of 
Salford. Captain Corbett was a partner in 
the firm of, Corbett, and Dean, 
of King Street, Manchester, and his designs 
were exhibited more than once at the Royal 
Academy. For some years he lectured on 
architecture and building at the Manchester 
School of Technology, and in 1912 he was 
appointed an inspector of technical schools in 
the technical branch of the Board of Educa- 
tion, specialising on subjects connected with 
building construction. He joined the Royal 
Institute of British Architects as an Associate 
in 1897, and was elected a Fellow in 1911; 
he was also- a Fellow of the Manchester 
Society of Architects. An old volunteer, he 
joined the Public Schools Battalion of the 
Sliddlesex Regiment in September, 1914, as a 
))rivate. He obtained a commission in the 
Border Regiment early last year, and after a at the Royal Staff College, Camberley, 
was promot.ed captain. He w^ent to the front 
last November. When leading jiis company 
a fortnight ago in an attack they were en- 
countered by machine gun fire, and he fell, 
shot through the head. 

Captain Noel Waugh Hadwen, A.R.I.B.A., 
Duke of Wellington's Regiment, second son 
of F. W. and Jlrs. Hadwen, of Kebroyd 
Triangle, Yorks, was kilhxl on July 1, aged 
30. He joined the Army in September, 1914, 
and was reported to 'be gas poisoned at Hill 
60 in May, 1915. He was educated at 
Lockers park and Harrow, and before join- 
ing was partner with Mr. E. Guy Dawher, 
F.R.I.B.A., of Buckingham Street, Adelphi, 
W.C. A student of the Royal Institute of 
British Architects, he was elected as an As- 
sociate in 1910. 

Captain Reuben Roberts, Army Ordnance 
Department, who was Icilled on July 8. was 
the younger son of the late ilr. Reul)en 
Roberts, and of .Mrs. Roberts, of The Nook, 
Westminster Park, Chester. He was edu- 
cated at King William's College, Isle of 
ilan, and served his articles as an architect 
with Messrs. Lockwood and Sons, of Fore- 
gate Street, Chester. He joined the Inns ol 
Court O.T.C. in January, 1915, and obtained 
his commission in the Army Ordnance Do 
partment. He went overseas in October, 
1915, and last March he received his cap- 
taincy and the post of Deputy Assistant 
Director of Ordnance Supplies. 

Second Lieutenant Charles Kin^sley Howe, 
Berkshire Regiment (killed in action on July 
1). was the fifth son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Foster 
Howe, of Fairhaven, Lewes. He joined the 
Artists' Rifles in September, 1914, went to 
France with them in January, 1915, and re- 
ceived his commission in the following Sep- 
tember. He was a member of the teaching 
sUff of the Goldsmiths' College Art School, 
and an exhibitor at the International Society 
of Sculptors, Painters, and Gravers. Mr. 
Edmund J. Sullivan, A.R.W.S., under whom 
he studied art, writes: "In the loss of Howe 
art itself loses a most accomplished, delicate, 
and charming artist, whose work was in an 
exceptional degree expressive of his character 
— pure, calm, sensitive, sympathetic, fas- 
tidious, and sincere." 

Second Lieutenant Donald Jer\is Gordon, 
Border Regiment, was the third son of the 
late Thomas Gordon, A.R.I.B.A., and Mrs. 
T. Gordon, of Sevenoaks and Ea3tbour;ie. He 
wa.. educated at Lancing College, and in 
1909 ibeoame a student af the Royal Institute 
of Ciitish Architects. He had been a mem 
ber of the London Architectural Association 
since 1910. On the outbreak of war he joined 
the Public Schools Brigade, and received his 
commission in December, 1914. He went to 
the front in September last, and was killed 
on the Somme, while leading his platooii, on 
th;. morning of July 3 or 4. A brother officer 
writes :— "He was very popular with all the 
officers and men, who would do anything tor 
him ; all who knew him liked and respected 
Jiim intensely." 

Second Lieutenant E. J. S. Tanner, Machine 
Gun Corps, the fourth son of Sir Henry Tan- 
ner CB I.S.O., F.R.I.B. A., and brother of 
Jlr' Henry Tanner, F.R.I.B.A., who fell in 
action on the 9th inst., was educated at Mer- 
chant Taylors' School, and joined the London 
Rifies as 'a cadet. He entered the Hongkong 
and Shanghai Bank, and after a short service 
in London went to Shanghai. He left there 
early last year with the intention ot joining 
the "Army, and married Miss M. Wisner. of 
New York, on the journey. Soon after his 
arrival in England he enlisted, subsequently 
obtaining a commission. 

Second Lieutenant Lancelot Leslie Vigers, 
R E , son of Mr. Leslie Robert Vigers, senior 
partner in the firm of Vigers and Co. land 
agents and surveyors, 4, Frederick s Place, 
old Jewry, and President in 1910 of the Sur- 
veyors' Institution, was killed in action on 
Ju'ly 1. The young officer, who was in his 
26th year, was educated at Horton, Ickweii 
Bury," Beds., and at the City and Guilds 
Engineering College, South Kensington 
Then he was articled to Mr, Basil Mott, ot 
the firm of Mott and Hay, civil engmeers, 
Westminster. Before the war he was one of the 
assistant engineers in the rebuilding of South- 
wark Bridge. Soon after the outbreak ot hos- 
tilities he was appointed as a civil engineer to 
the War Office on the London defences. Last 
August he took a commission in the Rop' 
Engineers, and he went to France at the be- 
ginning of November. 

A memorial of Flight Sub-Lt. R. A. W arne- 
ford V.C., R.N., the destroyer of a Zeppelin, 
whii'h Has been erected by public suibscriplion 
over his grave in Brompton Cemetery, was un- 
veileil ou the Uth inst. by the Earl of Derby. 
'I'lie memorial, which consists of a stone pillar 
bearing a medallion full-face portrait of Lieut. 
Warneford and a representation of the explo- 
sion of the Zeppelin and the words " Courage, 
initiative, intrepidity,'' was designed and exe- 
cuted by Mr. Frank Lynn-Jenkins, R.B.S. 



July 19, 191G. 

(fnijinfmnq <ilotrs. 

The Ntw Maiuxe Dhive at Exmovth. — 
A meetinj; »•( the So\itli-Wosteiii District of 
the liislitutiiiii lit Muiiiiipal and C-ounty 
EnginetTs will be held nt Exinoiith on fSatur- 
day, the 29th inst. The members will meet 
attlie offices of the urkm district council at 
3 p.m.. and will proceed to the ilarine Drive 
works for ins|>ection, where Mr. S. Hutton, 
engineer to the council, will describe the 
works. These comprise aViout half a mile of 
bulk concrete sea-wall built by Lord Clinton, 
and just completed under the direction of the 
engineers, Messrs. Douglass, Lewis and Doug- 
lass. A second half-mile of reinforced con- 
crete and niasoni'>' sea-wall in continuation 
has been conflicted by the Exmouth 
I'rban Council, from plans by their engineer, 
Mr. Hutton. In connection with the above, 
and now in course of construction by the 
E.xmouth council, also from Mr. Button's de- 
signs, there is another mile length of rein- 
forced concrete carriageway, 40 ft. wide with 
25 ft. of footpaths. Arrangements are being 
made with the contractors to keep the men 
working during the inspection. 




BrDEFORD Water Supply. — The corporation of 
Bideford have adopted a scheme prepared by the 
engineers, Moore, Bateman ami Fox, for the 
augmentation of the town's water supply. The 
work involves the construction of a new reser- 
voir to hold 27 million gallons, and on the basis 
of such prices as may be anticipated at the ter- 
mination of the war the cost, including 10 per 
cent, for contingencies, is estimated at £13.588. 
Nottingham. — In consequence of its effect 
upon the iron piping and cisterns generally 
in use in the city, the corporation two years 
ago temporarily discontinued the iise of the 
Derwent Valley water; but the Water Com- 
mittee, in its annual report, submitted to last 
week's meeting of the city council, stated tliat 
arrangements had now been made to utilise it 
again, thus materially reducing the fuel costs 
under the heading of pumping expenditure. 
Designs and contracts had been .made for 
the installation of a mechanical filtration 
plant at Eastwood, and the committee hoped 
i>efore another report was presented the work 
would be completed. 

SOPTH HoLDERSESS Water Supplt. — The 
extension of the Hull Corporation water 
supply to the thickly populated rural district 
of South Holderness was officially inaugurated 
last week. Mains were laid from the eastern 
boundary of Hull through Bilton. Preston, 
Burstwick, and Halsham to the high land on 
the western boundary of Withernsea, and at 
a point known as Batty's Corner, two and 
a-half miles distant from Withernsea, light- 
house, two reservoirs, both constructed of re- 
inforced concrete, were erected. The larger 
of the two. which has a capacity of 300.000 
gallons, is the source of Withernsea 's supply : 
and the smaller reservoir, with a capacity of 
100,000 gallons, serves the rural district of 
Patrington. The water is pumped from Hull, 
and altogether about thirty-three miles of 
mains have been laid. Mr. C. B. Newton, the 
w.ater engineer for the Hull Corporation, is 
the author of the scheme. 


The urban district council of Leyland. 
Lanes, have instructed Mr. C. J. Lomax, Cross 
Street, Manchester, to advise upon a scheme 
for laying additional mains in order to augment 
the existing water supply, and application will 
be made to the Local Government Board for 
sanction to a loan for carrying out the work. 

New offices in the City of London for the 
Christ's Hospital Foundation have been erected 
at 26 and 27, Great Tower Street, at a cost of 
£25.607, from designs bv Mr. Arthirr Blom- 
field, F.R.I.B.A. Messrs. Howell Williams, 
Ltd., of Bermondsey, were the builders. The 
site belonged to the hospital, having been 
bequeathed to it in 1686 by John Fowke. 

Second Lieutenant W. B. Ibbitson, West 
York^ire Regiment, previously reporte<l miss- 
ing, now reported killed, was twenty-two years 
of age, and the eldest son of Mr, W. E. Ibbit- 
son, Grace Terrace, Sunderland. Educated at 
the Bede Collegiate School, he became articleJ 
to a local architect, and on completing his term 
took up a position in the Government Laml 
Valuation Offices. He was gazetted on July 12, 
1915, and went to the front in December last. 


Civic Ams Assoc iai ion. In the War 
MomorittU Competition organised by Uiis 
body tlic following is a list of the prize 
wiiiiiiers : — Class I (the design for the L.C.C. 
staff memorial) — First ))rize, £50, E. A. 
Rickards, F.R.LB.A.. and Henry Poole, 
R.U.S. ; second jirize, £15, Eric Gill, 
.sculptor, and Chaj-les Holden, architect; 
prize. £10, Alan Wyon and Stanley Ramsay. 
Class III. (tlie dei»ign for a wall tablet in 
cast bronze). — Fii-st prize, £20, Eric Brad- 
bujy ; second prize, £5. H, P. Gill and 
R. F. Wilson; prize, £5, MacJonald Gill; 
book priy-e, W. A. Robertson. Class III. 
(desjgn for a wall tablet in carved wood) — 
First prize, £20, Tllioma.s Rayson ; second 
prize, £5. F, C. Eden; book prize, Waliter 
Jolm Brown. Class IV. (design for a wall 
tablet in maj-ble or stone) — First prize, £20, 
Eric Gill; second prize. £5, Alec Millerj 
book pi-ize, Mrs. Bernard Jenkin. Cla^ss V, 
(design for a simple wall tablet in wood) — 
First prize, £10, Tom Broadbent ; second 
prize, £5, A. E. Martin ; book prize, Thomas 
Rayson. Class VI. (design for mural paint- 
ing" for a boj's' club)— First prize, £10, 
Gladys D. Davison ; second prize, £5, ^Miss 
Elsie" McNaught; prize, £5, Miss Lanchester. 
Class VII. (design for a fountain for a 
country town or 'village)— First jirize. £20, 
Cvril "a. Farev: second prize, £5, T. H. 
iiorcom ; prize" £5, Miss Helen Friizer Rock. 
Class VIII. (inexpensive memorials for the 
home) — For this class tlie three prizes have 
had to be arranged equally among the first 
three : Miss Muriel Perrin, Mr. Arthiu- Dix, 
Miss Lillian Frost, and James Guthi-ie being 
the prize winners, £3 each; also Miss Joan 
Kingstord, £1. All the designs are i-eviewed 
in our first article this week. 




British Akch.eological Association.— 
The British Archaeological Association has 
held during the past week its annual con- 
gress at Southampton. The proceedings 
closed on Saturday with inspections of several 
of the oldest chti"rches in the borough. The 
visitors were especially interested in St. 
Michael's. Subsequently they went to Bit- 
terne Manor, and also viewed the Roman 
remains on the site of Clausentum, and 
visited Pear Tree Green Church. In the 
afternoon they went to Netley Abbey. 

Xatiosal Federation of Bi'ii-ding Trade 
Employers.— The half-yearly meeting of this 
federation will be held at the Old Ship 
Hotel, Brighton, on Wednesday morning in 
next week." The proceedings will be opened 
at 10 a.m. bv the Mayors of Brighton and 
Hove, who vvill extend a civic welcome to 
the members. A short interim report will be 
submitted. The members will afterwards 
consider the following resolution from the 
Northern Counties 'Federation : — '"That 
local associations be advised to enter into 
arrangements with the Commissions of In- 
land Revenue to secure the allowance of 
members' subscriptions to their associations 
as a proper deduction from their profits, and 
that the National Federation be urged to 
advocate the general adoption of similar 
agi-eements." Also a request from the 
London Association that the National Fede- 
ration should enter into an arrangement with 
the Inland Revenue Department to pay 
income-tax on its surplus revenue. The 
Northern Counties Federation ask the 
National body to sanction the repayment to 
all representatives of the federations upon the 
council of the National, or its committees, of 
their disbursements for attending meetings, 
to the extent of third-class railway fare and 
one guinea subsistence allowance when ab- 
sence overnight is necessary. A form of con- 
tract will be submitted for consideration by 
the North-AVestern Federation. Applications 
for admission to the National Demarcation 
Scheme will be received from the United 
Order of General Labourers of London, the 
National .\ssociation of Operative Concretors 
and Asohalters. and the National Union of 
Gaswnrkers and General Labourers of Great 
Britain and Ireland. The East Glamorgan 
and Monmouthshire Valleys Association have 

sent up the following resolution : — '" lliat 
this meeting unanimously resolves that the 
Board of Trade be petitioned to seriously 
consider the inflated prices of all building 
materials, and hopes that his Majesty's 
(jovernment will take steps to remedy thig 
hardship." The London Master Builders' 
Association submits the following resolu- I 
tion : — "That this meeting considers that | 
the present is an opportune time to revise 
our system of money, weights, and measures, 
so as to bring them into harmony with the 
metrical system prevailing among the rest of 
the allied nations in order to facilitate trade 1 
relations between them and us after the war, i 
and requests the Administrative Committee ; 
to make representations on behalf of the i 
Federation to the Government accordingly, ! 
co-operating if practicable with other bodies 
which are moving in this direction." 

Somerset Arch^olooical Society. — The 
annual meeting of this society was held at 
Taunton yesterday (Tuesday). Owing to the 
war the Council had decided not to have any 
excursions this year, and the proceedings ex- 
tended over one day only, chiefly for busi- 
ness purposes. Earl Waldegrave. the retirin,' 
president, was succeeded by the Dean •! 
WeUs. who delivered a presidential address 
at the morning meeting. In the aftexnoon 
Mr. F. Bligh Bond. F.R.I.B.A.. Bristol, rer. I 
a paper on "The Lady Chapel at Giaston 
bury Abbey : A Study 'of Measures and Pro- 
portions," and the members of the society 
were entertained at tea by the Taunton Field 
Club. During the day a small exhibition in 
commemoration of the tercentenary of tii.- 
period of William Shakespeare was held ii 
the Charles Tite Collection room of t'l. 
iluseum. and will remain open for thit 
weeks. The exhibits, dating approximate:, 
from 1550. include the "Shakespeare Jug.' 
belongint: to the society; musical instrument.-, 
arms and armour, pottery, domestic utensil.^, 
coins and medals, spoons, pewter, parch- 
ments, books, pictures, and small objects cf 
historical and antiquaiian interest. 



Edinburgh. — After occupying their stance in 
St. Andrew Square for a period of thirty-three 
years, Alexander and Bucephalus. Sir John 
Steell's group in bronze, have migrated to the 
Old Town, and on Wednesday took up their 
new position in the Court of the City Chambers, 
fronting High Street. They harmonise well with 
the grey walls of the municipal buildings. In tie 
course "of the removal there was uncovered the 
receptacle, a cylinder of tin. in which various 
records were placed when the statue group was 
first placed in position. The group was designed 
by tlie sculptor after returning from Rome, 
w-ith his enthusiasm fired by classic master- 
pieces, and it was fifty years before it was cast 
in bronze. The head "of the youthful Prince of 
JIacedonia was modelled from a bust in soine 
Florentine gallery. Sir John SteoU's motive in 
designing the work has been described as to 
displav the predominance of intelligence over 
brute "force. The cost of making the bronze 
casting and placing it in position was £1.500. 
The removal has been carried through under 
the supervision of the citv sujierintendent of 
works. Mr. J. A. Williamson. A.R.I.B.A. On 
the site it has so long occupied will be erecteJ 
the memorial to Mr. Glad.stone. the work of 
Mr. Pittendrigh Macgillivray, R.S..A.,, whose 
model was selected in competition five years ■ 


Mr. Edward Murray Wrong. Follow of Mag- 
dalen College, O.xford," has been appointed Vice- 
Principal of the Manchester S.chool of Tech- 

The death has taken place of Mr. Andrew 
Black, the well-known seascape artist, and a, 
member of the Roval Scottish Water-ColouljS j 
Society. -f 

Second-Lieutenant G. J. Mitchell, who before 
the war was second master at the Southport 
Art School, has been gassed whilst serving with , 
the East Lancashires. He is at present in Alder 
Hey Hospital, Knotty Ash. 

Mr. Godfrey Lipscomb, agent for the Mar- 
gam (South "Wales) Estates of Miss Talbot, 
was elected president of the Land Agents 
Society at the annual meeting on July 7, and 
Mr. H. J. Watson, agent for Lord Leconfield s 
Cumberland and Y'orkshire Estates, vice? 

July 19, 1916. 



©nr ©to fablr. 

A Supplement to the London Gazette con- 
tains an Order in Council making three addi- 
tions to the Defence of the Realm Regula- 
tions. The first of these gives power to the 
police to demand from any man the produc- 
tion of his certificate of exemption from mili- 
tary service, and the third prohibits the 
carrying of firearms or military arms in any 
area hereafter to be specified. The most im- 
portant of the three clauses is, however, the 
second one, referring to restrictions on build- 
ing, and tliis, which seriously affects all 
builders, we publish in full on page 43 ante. 

Sir .James D. Linton, Mr. Augustus John, 
and Mr. Frank Brangwyn. the Presidents of 
the Royal Institute of Painters in Water 
Colours, of the National Portrait Society, 
and of the Royal Society of British Artists, 
hav? written a joint letter expressing their 
profound concern at the rumour that the 
vacant directorship of the National Gallery 
may be given to a layman hitherto engaged 
in a profession having no connection with 
the arts. They protest against the appoint- 
ment of anyone lacking the essential qualifi- 
cations and proven aesthetic authority. Such 
qualifications are of highly specialised and 
technical character, necessitating a know- 
ledge and experience of pigments, mediums, 
processes, restoration, and conservation ; 
even the proper display of works of art is a 
matter of years of experience, of colour- 
juxtaposition, of pictures, and backgrounds, 
lighting, and framing. They appeal in the 
interests of the nation as a whole for the 
appointment of a director possessing tRese 
essential qualifications. But is it certain that 
artists make the best directors^ of galleries? 
The names of some distinguished art critics 
who have proved efficient directors will occur 
to everyone, and among these may be men- 
tioned Sir Walter Armstrong, M. D. S. 
McColl, and Sir Claude Phillips. 

The following awards have been made in 
the Faculty of Engineering at University 
College. Gower Street, London : — Archibald 
P. Head Medal and Prize, K. C. Chakko. 
Jews' Commemoration Scholarship, P. S. J. 
Bovey. Andrews Second Year Scholarship 
(Mathematics and Science), T. C. Barker. 
Engineering Diplomas : L. M. F. Barrett 
(Civil and ^Municipal); K. C. Chakko (Civil 
aid Municipal, with distinction) ; A. I. Jen- 
kens (Civil and Municipal); N. A. Kliot 
(Mechanical) ; H. iL A. Rahman (Civil and 
Municipal) ; M. A. Rashid fCivil and Munici- 
pal) ; B. H. ling fCivil and Municipal). In 
the School of Architecture certificates have 
been granted to Mr. I. Reicher, Miss Char- 
lotte C, Nauheira, and Mr. J. A. Calderon. 

At the last meeting of the Governors of 
George Heriot's Trust, held at the Heriot 
Hospital in Edinburgh, a letter was read from 
Sir James Balfour Paul, Lyon King-of-Arms, 
■ calling ui)on the Governor.s" to have the Trust 
coat-of-arms registered at a cost of £45 or 
thereby, or, in the event of it being shown 
that the arms have been in use previous to 
1672, to obtain a matriculation of these at a 
cost of £16 or thereby. The Clerk and Law 
Agent submitted a report upon the subject. 
After consideration it was resolved to 
recommend the Governors to resist the claim, 
in respect that the arms had been used for 
the long period of 244 vears without chal- 
lenge. The Lord Provost. Sir Robert K. 
Tnehes,_ who presided, stated that the Lyon 
King-ot-.\rms was making a similar demand 
on all the Trusts in the citv. The Roval In- 
firmary had had to i)ay £40. He had asked 
the Lyon King why he was now making the 
charge against charitable institutions, and the 
reply was that the Treasurv reouired the 
money, and that he w,as forced to do it. It 
was .stated that the same demand had been 
made upon the School Board and Donaldson's 
Hospital. >rr. Macnaughton, the Clerk, said 
the coat-of-arms used bv George Heriot 
before hi.s death in 1623. and also bv his 
father. It was just possible therefore' that 
the coat-of-arms was registered at the Garter 

King-of-Arms Office in London. The Act 
insisting upon registration of coats-of-arms 
came into force about 1672. He advised the 
Governors to resist the Lyon King-of-Arms' 
demand. It was agreed to resist the claim. 

A Birmingham correspondent writes : — 
" The rate of tax to deduct from interest 
and rents for the half-year ended June 24 
evidently puzzles estate agents and owners 
of property. Even the surveyors of taxes 
will not give a satisfactory answer to the 
question ; all you can get from them is an 
instruction to deduct 3s. to April 5 and 5s. 
from that date to June 24 — the actual amount 
is left to be worked. Consequently Uiere is 
a muddle. I have had five applications for 
ground rents from as many estate agents in 
Birmingham. From each rent the amount of 
tax deducted varies fronr 4s. 3d., 4s. 2d., 
4s., 3s. lid., and 3s. lO^d. Evidently the last 
two have worked the amount out in days, 
making 101 days at 3s. and 80 days at 5s. 
rate : so that for the year ended April 5, 1915, 
the Inland Revenue will collect eleven days 
too many at the 5s. rate, as the tax is charged 
on the rents collected for the year ended 
March 25. WTiat owners must do is to refuse 
to pay the overcharge till rent is received in 
following June. All this trouble could be 
avoided by altering the financial year to end 
March 25. Nearly all dividends and rents 
are made payable on the quarter days; thus 
the deduction of taxes would be much more 
simple. ' ' 

The Sunderland Libraries, Museum, and 
Art Gallery Committee have arranged an Ex- 
hibition of Old Prints and Engravings of 
Scenery in Durham County, which will be 
in complement to an exhibition of modern 
paintings and photographs of scenery in the 
county held in the Art Gallery four years 
ago. It embraces views of Durham Cathe- 
dral, the abbeys, churches, mansions, towns, 
rivers, and landscapes, together with por- 
traits of bygone bishops and other notable 
personages of the county, the present Bishop 
of Durham himself being a contributor in 
the latter respect. The Museum has already 
a very fine permanent collection of prints, 
and later these are to be arranged topo- 
graphically and ]n'eserved in cases for his- 
torical and art reference purposes. There is 
also in preparation a second and extended 
Exhibition of the Views of Old Sunderland. 

The Anglican Bishop in .lerusalem states 
that the death of Lord Kitchener has deeply 
affected the plans which have been gradually 
developing for the erection of a cathedral in 
Cairo. For some years past All Saints', the 
old Anglican church in Cairo, has been 
totally inadequate, and about a year ago it 
was decided that it must be rebuilt. The 
Bishop considers that something more is re- 
quired than the mere rebuilding of a parish 
church, and suggests that the time has come 
for the erection in Cairo of a church worthy 
of our religion and our name. Plans for 
si^jh an edifice were being gradually matured, 
wnen a new and almost overwhelming incen- 
tive was added. He thinks that many will 
respond to the call for a cathedral in memory 
of Kitchener of Khartoum in Cairo. A strong 
Building Committee, under the presidency of 
the High Commissioner, Sir Henry McJIahon, 
has been formed to in the working out 
of all plans, and further details will be pub- 
lished later. No actual building will prob- 
ably be attempted until after the conclusion 
of the war. 

In view of the fact that the new Wallasey 
Town Hall will at the end of the month he 
handed over to the military authorities for 
use as a hospital, there w,is an informal in- 
s])ection on Wednesday by members of the 
town council and corporation officials, headed 
bv Alderman Parkinson, chairman of the 
Works Committee. Those present inspected 
tlie whole building from the ground floor to 
the top of the tower, and the utmost satisfac- 
tion was expressed with everything. The 
large hall, which is eventu.iUy to have seat- 
ing accommodation for 1.200 persons, will be 
the chief ward of the hospital, and appears 
likely to serve the i)urpose excellently well. 
There will be accommodation in the various 

wards for 350 patients in all, and much work 
has already been done in the way of tem- 
porarily dividing most of the larger rooms 
into compartments for various purposes. The 
cooking and sanitary arrangements are com- 
plete in charaeter. What will later be the 
town clerk's office will for the present be 
used as the operating theatre. The town hall 
has been built from plans by Messrs. Briggs. 
Wolstenholme, and Thornely, of Liverpool, 
whose design, chosen in competition, was 
illustrated in our issue of May 10, 1913. 


The late Mr. F. W. Lacey, borough engineer 
of Bournemouth, who died on Mareli 24 last, 
left estate of the gross value of £21,181. 

The death has occurred in action in Picardy 
of Captain Eric Norman Frankland Bell, a pro- 
mising student of the School of Architecture at 
Liverpool University. 

In the House of Commons on Friday the 
Gas (Standard of Calorifio Power) Bill, and tin- 
National Insurance (Munitions Workers) Bill. 
passed through Committee. 

-Mr. A. Garratt has been appointed surveyor 
and inspector to the Rural District Council of 
Drayton, Salop, during the absence of Mr. W. 
Cotterill with tlie forces. 

The rural district council of Chertsey have 
approved plans submitted by Messrs. Vickers 
for fifty cottages they propose to erect at 
Byfleet for munition workers. 

The urban district council of Ilford have 
resolved to purchase a motor street-watering 
van at a cost of £900, and also a motor road- 
sweeping machine at a cost of £673. 

The Upton-on-Severn iRural District Council 
have received the sanction of the Local Govern- 
ment Board to the borrowing of £1,541 for the 
extension of sewerage works at Kempsey. 

The late Air. James Latham, of Messrs. 
James Latham and Co.. Limited, timber mer- 
chants, Curtain Road, E.C, who recently died, 
aged seventy-eight, left personalty amounting 
to £41,191. 

It is now announced that Second Lieut. .1. 
Lindsay Brough, Royal .Scots, previously re- 
ported missing, has been killed. Until he joined 
the army he was employed in the office of the 
City Architect of Edinburgh. 

The corporation of Bedford are about to bor- 
row £1,300 for cable extensions to the new 
works of Messrs. W. H. Allen. Son, and Co.. 
Ltd., also £1,210 for extensions certified for 
war purposes. 

The latest issue of LTIster Division casualties 
includes among the killed Lieutenant J. L. Pea- 
cocke. Royal Engineers, wlio was a native of 
County Norfolk, and was the town engineer of 
Nevvtownards, County Down, before the war. 

The Aird District Committee of the Inver- 
ness-shii-e County Council have decidled to 
obtain tenders for improving the road from 
Beauty to Bogroy. The cost is estimated at 
£4,682. and the Road Board will make a grant 
of £4,214. 

The partnership hitherto subsisting between 
L. H. Holhday and A. E. Stanger, auctioneers, 
surveyors, estate agents, builders, and contrac- 
tors, at High Road, Streatham, London, S.W.. 
under the style of HolUday and Stanger, has 
been dissolved. 

Fhght-Lieutenant George Reynolds M'Cub- 
bin. who brought down the crack German avia- 
tor Inmielmann, and who has since been twice 
wounded, is the son of Mr. D. A. M'Cubbin, of 
Joliannesiburg, architect-in-chief to the South 
African Railways. 

John H. T. Graham, K.O.S.B.. who has been 
killed in the advance in Picardy. was twenty- 
four years of age, and the son of the well-known 
artist, Mr. Peter Graham, R.A., Westoun. St. 
.\ndrews. Lieut. Graham was wounded early 
in the war, and was recently on leave. His 
brother, Jaeut. Richard Graham. Rifles, 
met his death in action in January, 1915. 

Tho Worcester Corporation have considered 
the effect of the proposed factory in Blackpole 
for tlie King's Norton Metal Co.. upon the 
question of building in the neighbourhood, and 
have given directions to a committee to report 
upon the necessity of a town-planning schema 
for tho district. Tlie corporation are also ap- 
plying to the Local Government Board for sanc- 
tion to borrow £14,000 for additional plant in 
order to be able to supply electrical energy for 
power and lighting at the new factory. 


'11 IK IUILI)l\(i XKWS: Nn. :WI 1 

• li LV \\), l!)lti. 

Tho liiK'iim ill Wlmif Slro'l, Sinvi'rby Biiiljjc, 
is uboiit to l)t> rnliii'uT-il frniii |ilaiis h\ Mi'msis 
Horsfall iukI Son, of lliilifux. 

Mr. P. tf. Killii-k, horoii^h surveyor <if 
Kiimbury, liiis liad a »oii wouiulcil in tlie" rtfceni 
lighting on llio wostorii front. 

The fortysi'iond anniinl <iinirress of tin- In 
rorporatt'd Sanitary Association of Siotlanii will 
1h' Ill-Id in Kdinbnrgh on Si'pteniber 6. 7, and 
8 ni'xt. 

.M:ijor C. K. Hooto, N. Staff. R.. is reported 

niissniK, believed killed. He is a mbcr of 

the firm of .Messrs. T. R. Boote and t'o., tile 
nianufactiirers, Burslem. 

.■\ liOrd Kitchener Meni<niiil Home is to be 
l>uilt af Mitchani for the Church of EiiK-land 
Waifs and Strays Societv. ut an estimated out- 
lay of betnwn £5.000 and £6.000. 

The Carnarvon Town Conncil. at its meet- 
ing on Tuesday night, decided to offer the 
Vaynol estate tlie sum of £1.250 for the fre<-- 
hohl of the Market Hall, including also the 
right of levying market tolls in the town. 

The jiartnership heretofore subsistini; 
between Thomas E. Collcutt. StaTih\v 
Ham]). and P. A. Tildcn, architect.-^' 
Bhximebury Square, W.C, under the style «l 
Collcutt, Hamp and Tilden. has been dissolved 

At a cost of 195.000 dollars, a four- and five- 
stoi y museum will be erected on Broadway cor- 
ner. 155th Strix-t. Xew York, for the Jluseuni 
of the .-Vmerican Indian Heye Foundation. The 
architect is Mr. C. P. Huntington, 15, West 81st 
Street, New York. 

The corporation of Richmond, North RidiiiR. 
have approved of the scheme for a new roa.l 
from Hipswell to Richmond, as pronosed bv 
the Road Bonn! and the War Office. "The cor- 
poration will pay £1,7C0 towards the total cn'it 
estimated at £7.000, 

cP'^ , ""''Pital for Criiijiled Children at 
bhetheld, opened last week by the Duchess of 
Norfolk, has been built from plans by Mr 
Arthur W. Kenyon, of Sheffield, selected in 
competition. The builders were Messrs T 
Roper and Sons. Ltd., also of Sheffield. 

Mr. Thomas Adams, of Stamford Hill N 
contractor, who died on April 27, left estate 
valued at £70.793 gross and £70.039 net He 
gave various charitable bequests to hospitals. 
and also left £125 to his chief foreman £100 to 
his timekeeper, and other legacies to employees. 

Slains Castle, Aberdeenshire, belongiTig to 
the Karl of KrroU, has been sold by Messrs 
Knight. Fraiik and Rutley to Sir John Eller- 
man. The Castle, portions of which date from 
1654. stands upon the edge of the rpcks over- 

,%h"^ *''"' *•'"''•, '^''« «'^*'"''' "■hio-'i extends to 
4 200 acres, inelude^^ Port Krroll Harbour and 
the village of Port Erroll. 

Wc regret to learn that Mr. W H \t'<i" = 
Berry, F.R.I.B.A. (Vice-President of the ">chi- 
tectural Association from 1883 to 1886) of 
Messrs. Kidner and Atkin-Berrv. Old Broad 
Street, E.C., and Mre. Atkin-Berry, of St 
Margaret's. West Hill, iSvdeTiham," S.E., re- 
cently lost in action their third son, Lieutenant 
Harold Harding Atkin-Berry, R.N., aged 
twenty-four years. 

The city council of Leeds have adopted a 
resolution authorising the city engineer. Mr. 
W. T. Lancashire, to prepare |ihns for a Moor- 
town town-planning scheme. The scheme in- 
ohides part of Alwf>odley, whicli is within the 
Wharfedale Rural District Council's area. 
The chief reason for that is that the projected 
ring road round the city will ahiiost necessarily 
pass through part of that area. 

Second Lieutenant Cyril J. Tart. Royal 
Engineers, wlio has been" killed in action, was 
the eldest son of Mr. James Tart, clerk to the 
estate committee of the Birmingham City 
Council, and of Mrs. Tart, of Charleville Road, 
Handsworth. At the outbreak of the war he 
was employed in the Superintending Civil 
Engineer's Department, Rosyth. In Seiptember 
last year he secured permission to enlist. 

Captain Edward Maurice Gregson. Loval 
North Lancashire Regiment, elder son of Mr, 
G. E, Gregson, of 12, Hesketh Road, South- 
port, agent to the Hesketh Estate, was killed 
on June 28, in his twenty-seventh year. He 
was educated at Shrewsbury School, and at 
nineteen became articled to his father as a 
surveyor and mining engineer at Preston. He 
had been at the front since May of 1915. When 
■war broke out he was a professional associate 
of the Surveyors' Institution, and was reading 
for (his Fellowship. He was taken into part- 
nership in his father's business at the time of 
its removal to Liverpool in April, 1915, 


We do not tiold ourselves re(-i)0n8ible for the opinions 
of our correspondtuts. All communications stiuuld 
be drawn up as briefly u.s possible, as there arc 
many clainiants upon the space allotted to 

It is particularly requested that all drawings and 
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lor, unsought contributions. 

When favouring us with drawings or photographs, 
.irchitects are asked kindly to state how long the 
liuilding has been erected. It does neither them nor 
Hi mut'h good to illustr.atc buildings which have been 
■iome time executed, except under special circum 

".•Drawings of selected competition designs, im- 
portant public and private buildings, details of old 
and new work, and good sketches are always wel- 
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Of more commonplace subjects, small churches, 
chapels, houses, etc.— we have ii.^iially far more sen! 
Ilian we can insert, but are glad to do so when space 
permits, on mutually advantageous terms, which 
may be ascertained on application. 

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OFFICRR FOR THE WEEK.— Platoon Command, r 
\. Gerard. ^ 

NEXT FOR DUTY.— Platoon Commander. W, J, A, 

SATURDAY, JULY 22,- Instructional Class, 2,:S0. 
Company Commander Fleming. 

MONDAY', ,IULY 24.— Technical for Platoon No. 9, 
■if.. Regency Street. S.W, Squad and Platoon Drill, 
Platoon No, 10. Signalling Cla.s; and Recruits, 

TUESDAY', JULY' 2.5.— Officers' In.structionil Class, 
ii-7. Recruits.^ 7-S. Lecture, 7.15, Lantern Lecture, 
by Mr, W. Aitken, " Telejihones." 

WEDNESDAY, JULY 26.— Platoon Drill for No 2 

THURSDAY, JULY 27.- Platoon Drill, No. 6 | 
Platoon. Recruits, 5.45-7.45. Instructional Class, 

FRIDAY. JULY' 28.— Technical for No, 10. Platoon, 
4«, Regency Street, S.W. Squad and Platoon Drill, 
No. n Platoon. 

SATURDAY. JULY' 29,— Parade Headquarters, 2.45, 
for Company Drill. Uniform. 

SUNDAY, JULY 30,— Entrenching at Otford. 
Parade Victoria (S,E, and C.R. Booking Office), 
s,40 a,m. Uniform, haversacks, water-bottles. Mid- 
diiy rations to be carried. Railway vouchers will be 

AUGUST CAMP,— A Camp will be held under can- 
vas or in billets at Otford from July 29 to -August 
:il. For particulars, see notice at Headquarters, 

MUSKETRY.— For all Companies see notice and 
Tables .\. and B. at Headquarters. 

NOTE,— Unless otherwise indicated, all drill, etc., 
will take place at Chester House. 
By order, 


Julv 17, 191fi. 



.Mummy (July 24),— l!uildlT^■ Benevolent Institution. 
.\nnual .Meeting. Koh-i-Noor House, 
Kingsway. 4 p,m, 

\V ednesday (July 2fi), — National Federation of Build- 
ing Trades Employers, H,alf-Y'early 
Meeting. Old Ship Hotel, Brighton. 
10 a.m. 

Saturday (July 29),— Institution of Municipal and , 
County Engineers, Eastern District t 
Meeting at Sheringham, " Nine Years ! 
Work at Sheringham," by F, Hall i- 
Smith. 12.30 p.m. Inspection ot ['■' Protection Work and Visitors* ( 
Shelters, 3,30 p.m. 

Institution of Municipal and County 
Engineers. South-Western District 
Meetine at Exmouth. Inspection of 
Sea Wall anil Carriageway. Marine 
Parade. 3 p,m. 

July 26, 1916. 

Volume CXI. -No. 3812. 



Ourreiilv Ciilanio 67 

A CaDadiiin Town-Planning Schtine 6S 

Wargrave Chun'h 69 

'the Arohit-fctural Association 70 

Stresses in Bowstring Koof Tru.-s 70 

A litK^rd of a M*<iiieval House 71 

Tb€ Storage of Cemt-nt 71 

Heat Transmission through Roofing Materials .. 86 

Our Illustrations .. .. ' 86 

Obrtuary 87 

Comj>et;tions 87 

Legal InteIUgen<^'€ 87 

Building Intelligence 88 

Professional and 'Trade Societies 88 

Trade Notes 88 


Trade Movements .. 

.. 68 

Our Offlee Table 

.. 88 


.. 89 

To Arms! 

.. 90 

Meetings for the Ensuing Week 

.. 90 

To Correspondents ' 

.. 90 

Latest Prices 


List of Tenders Open 



The Wbiteley Homes, Whvteley Park, Burhill, near 
Weybridge, Surrey. Groups of two-story and 
singW-story cott-ages. Messrs. Sir Ernest George, 

Strand. "W.C. 

A. It. A.. an.I A. B. Yeates, FF.R.I.B.A.. Archi- 
t-eets. Views and plans. 

" Greywalls," Weybridge, Surrey. View and plans. 
Messrs. Caistle and Warren, Architects. 

New Aeronautic* Buildings at the National Physical 
Latioratory, Teddington. Plans and working 

50, Pall Mall, S.W. Headquarters of the Eastern 
Command of H.M. Forces. Messrs. Metcalf and 

The Mills Memorial, Hillingdon Cliurch, iitar Ux- 
bridge. Messrs. Ambrose Poynter. F.R.I.B.A., 
and George Wenyon, M.S. A., Architects. 

(Inxxtntt Calamo. 

We are glad to learn that the numl)er 
■A visitors to the Royal Academy during 
the current season has been quite up 
to the average. The wet, cold summer 
may have helped to augment the attend- 
ance. The number of pictures sold has 
also been satisfactory. No war tax has 
been imposed upon visitors at the turn- 
stile, which is contrary to the official 
announcement made when the Amuse- 
ments and Exhibitions Tax was imposed 
by Parliament. It remains to be seen 
whether the equivalent of the tax will 
be deducted from the total receipts. 
During October and November one-half 
of the galleries available for exhibits will 
be placed at the disposal of the Arts and 
Crafts Exhibition Committee. The 
Council of the Academy will not be re- 
sponsible for the management of the ex- 
hibition, but their loan of the galleries 
is a kindly and welcome aid, which we 
hope will be properly utilised. The 
present exhibition of the Academy will 
close as usual in the early days of 

An interesting experiment in the direc- 
tion of the nationalisation of railways in 
Canada is foreshadowed by the announce- 
ment that the forthcoming Parliamen- 
tary inquiry is intended " to be a 
thorough investigation into the whole 
railroad situation of the Dominion, with a 
view to Government ownership.." It may 
be mentioned that the appointment of 
Sir George Paish as a member of the 
Commission of Inquiry has been received 
with intense satisfaction by British 
shareholders, in view of the fact that the 
securities of both the Canadian Northern 
and the Grand Trunk companies are 
largely held in this country. A well- 
known Canadian financier, in conversa- 
tion, admitted that the railway situation 
m Canada had been very serious from the 
point of view of the shareholders, but he 
adopted a reassuring tone on the results 
of the Dominion Government Commis- 
sion. The thoroughness of the inquiry 
it is to undertake, he pointed out, is cer- 
tified by the fact that as much as 
£30,000 has been allocated to meet the 
preliminary expenses. It is hoped that 

the report of the Commissioners will be 
ready for presentation to the Dominion 
Parliament in the next session. 

The number of books and pamphlets to 
hand about Trade and how to improve its 
conduct after the war is increasing, but 
we fail to find much worth mention in 
most of them. One of the best was that by 
Mr. Ernest J. P. Benn, which we noticed 
on this page in our issue of July 5 (p. 2). 
Another, entitled " Confound their Poli- 
tics," by A. C. Hills, published at Is. by 
F. and D. Rowe, Burleigh House, Strand, 
W.C, takes a broad, common-sense, 
national view-point of things generally, 
and will appeal to the increasing hundreds 
of thousands who are sick of the inepti- 
tude and prostitution of purpose to party 
of the politicians of the past thirty 
years. The chapter on " The Liberty of 
the Subject," commencing on page 58, is 
a well-conceived rebuke to the insolent 
advocates of licensed lawlessness which 
outrages the rights of decent citizens, and 
apes so mischievously the truculent self- 
assertion of the mere bully and black- 
guard. Another, " The Coming Trade 
War," by Thomas Farrow and W. Walter 
Crotch (London : Chapman and Hall, 
Ltd., 2s. 6d.), propounds a plan which 
it is contended is the only serious attempt 
yet made to devise a national trade pro- 
gramme by which Britain can hold her 
own in the world's markets. The sugges- 
tions offered embrace the desirability of 
extending our commercial relations with 
Russia and the need for some very essen- 
tial reforms at home in our banking 
system and in national economics gener- 
ally. The book is well worth perusal, 
especially the last chapter on " Commu- 
nity of Interest," which, as George Eliot 
said, is the root of justice as community 
of suffering is the root of pity. Most uf 
us recognise that in a more or less feeble 
sort of fashion what we need to learn is 
that community of action is the root of 

Town planning in ancient India seems 
to have been systematically studied in 
early times, judging by a series of trans- 
lations given in the Indian Engineer from 
" Manasara," said to be " the most per- 
fect book on Indian Architecture that now 
exists." It is stated to be the production 
of a sage named Manasara, and is of great 

celebrity in the South of India. It is 
often consulted by artists as the highest 
authority for the solution of contested 
points in architecture. The work consists 
of fifty-eight Adhyayas, or chapters, each 
of which is devoted to a particular topic. 
Naturally, much attention is bestowed on 
the accommodation of the gods and the 
situation of their temples. Plans of three 
villages are given, two quadrangular, and 
the other square or oblong. The latter 
is divisible into as many parts as are con- 
tained in the mystic figures called Cltan- 
dita and Parama Savica. The Chandita 
contains 64 equal parts, being the square 
of eight, of which the middle four parts 
are called Brahmya, or those which belong 
to Brahma, and they should be entirely 
appropriated to sacred purposes. Around 
these are twelve parts called Dicya, or 
those belonging to devas ; around these are 
.twenty parts called Manushya, or those 
belonging to mortals ; and around these 
again twenty-eight called Paysacha, or 
those belonging to demons. These several 
rounds should be occupied by the different 
classes in the order of their superiority — 
that is. Brahmins should have the Brah- 
mya, and so with the rest. 

The figure called Parama Sayica con- 
tains eighty-one equal parts, being the 
square of nine, of which the middle nine 
are Brahmya: sixteen around these are 
Divya ; twenty - four around these 
Manushya; and the outermost thirty- 
two, Paysacha. This village has four large 
streets along the inside of the wall by 
which it is surrounded, running in each 
direction at right angles, namely, one near 
the north-west quarter, passing towards 
the north-east, projects at a small distance 
beyond the cross street which intersects it ; 
another, opening from a little way within 
the projection, runs forward in a south- 
east direction, and projects in the same 
manner beyond the intersecting street on 
that side ; and the same may be said of 
the streets at the two other angular 
points. The number of streets in the 
outer compartment should be determined 
according to its extent, and in the com- 
partments called Divya and Manushya 
three or four more parallel streets may 
be made from east to west, with as many 
cross ones from north to south, forming as 
it were so many courts or enclosures. Two 
broad streets run through the middle of 



July i20, 191(i. 

the village, from oast to west and from 
nortli to south, cutting one another in the 
middle, where there should be erected 
either "a temple" for Brahma or a 
manfapa for general meeting. At each of 
the angles at the outermost streets there 
should be a gateway ornamented with 
arches and the like. This village is of 
two sorts, which are also called the one 


of the house bo ten jiaces in length, the 
entrance should be between five on the 
right and four on the left. In the front 
of the house should be erected a 
" Vedica " or raised seat or pedestal on 
eacJi side of the door. The gates and door- 
ways of 'houses of all classes of people 
should be from 1^ hastas to 7 liaslis in 
height, the smaller doors from 1 to 5 hastas, 


A small but special design for a new 
town, to be nameii IrcKjiiois falls, Ontario, 
Canada, is well worth study this side, 
because of the genuineness of the att<jmpt 
to combine utilitarian requirements with- 
out endeavouring to compass the imprac- 
ticable. The new town has been planned 
for the Abitibi Power and Paper Co., in 


'^Langalam. and the other Furam. The 
former is inhabited only by Brahmins, 
and the latter by all classes indiscrimi- 

The book leaves little to the discretion of 
builders, minute directions being given 
with regard to everything. Here, for in- 
stance, are " some rules regarding doors 
and windows " : — " The front, middle, and 
baci door of a private dwelling-house 
should be so contrived as to be 
on the same level and in the same 
straight line one with another. Let 
the outer door be placed not exactly 
in the middle of the fayade, but a 
little more to one side than to the other. 
The general practice is this : If the front 

and the windows from 12 angulas to 1^ 
hastas. The breadth' of large gates should 
be equal to or a little less than half 
of their height, or, the height of the door 
being divided into nine parts, five may be 
given to its breadth. The height of the 
door-frame being divided into seven, eight, 
or nine, or ten equal parts, that of the 
void space should be equal to that of the 
door-frame, minus one part." "A strict 
conformity to these rules," it is stated, 

" will insure prosperity and happiness." 

Messrs. H. Lucas and MeKim, Mead and 
Wliite, architects, of 101. Park Avenue, New 
York City, have prepared plans for a 15-story 
hotel. Fifth Avenue, north-east corner of Fifty- 
sixth Street. New York, for Lord Astor. The 
estimated cost is 2,000,000 dollars. 

connection with its huge pulp and paper 

The scheme is described in ,a recent 
issue of Entjineering and Contracting by 
A. P. Melton, who acted in conjunction 
with the Abitibi Power and Paper Co. in 
working out the plan. The mills and town 
are situated on the Abitibi River some 400 
miles north of Toronto, and about 150 
miles south of James Bay. The mills are 
abundantly supjjlied with water power by 
the falls in the Abitibi River at this point. 


The town site is beautifully situated in 
a right-angle bend of the river on a rolling 
plateau, having an elevation of 125 to 
150 ft. above the river, this plateau being 
indented at various places by short and 
deep ravines, with an occasional ravine ex- ■ 

July 26, 191(3. 



teniling back for a mile or more from the 

The gridiron system of laying out 
streets was followed in principle. a.s being 
the most practical and economical method ; 
however, the topography of the site was 
buch tliat it was advisable to curve a num- 
ber of the streets to get economical grades 
and at the same time utilise the maximum 
amount of the plateau, resulting in a very 
graceful layout without departing greatly 
from the gridiron principle. All business 
lots were made 25 by 125 ft. in size, and 
residence lots were in general 50 ft. in 
width and from 110 ft. to 150 ft. in length. 
About 80 acres were laid out in the fii-st 
plan, and provisions were made for future 
extensions of about 160 acres. 

The controlling features of the first 
plot, which is described and illustrated in 
this article, are the railroad and the 
cdaes of the plateau. A number of rectan- 
gular blocks were laid out adjacent to the 
railroad for business purposes ; a small 
park, forming a sort of civic centre, and 
sufficient in size to contain all necessary 
public buildings, was laid out adjacent to 
the railroad and business district, with the 
idea that the better class of business build- 
ings will face this park, the bank, theatre, 
and hotel being included in tliis class. A 
small park is also provided at the end of 
the railroad which, with the larger park, 
furnishes a screen between the residence 
and business portions of the town. The 
arrangement of these details will give a 
very pleasing " impression " to pas- 
sengers alighting from the trains. Another 
advantage lies in the fact that children 
would not pass through the business dis- 
trict on their wa.v to school. Locations are 
suggested for churcJies which add to the 
harmony of the layout. 


The school site shown contains about 
nine acres, and it is intended that the 
school grounds shall be the public play- 
grounds and athletic park, for adults as 
well as children ; also it is planned that 
the sch<x>l gymnasium and auditorium te 
open to the public at all times when not 
being used for school work. Part of the 
school grounds are set aside for children's 
gardens, the idea being to give the child- 
ren actual experience in growing such jjro- 
ducts as may be jiropagated in that far 
north climate and at the same time foster 
an interest in agriculture. The writer 
could say a great deal about the school 
plant if space would permit, as this insti- 
tution takes care of about one-fourth of 
the population for several months in the 
year, and is worthy of considerable com- 
ment. The school grounds as shown on 
the plan merge into a large park, which 
includes two branches of a deep ravine 
that form the boundaries of the school 
grounds proper. 

In laying out the streets a drive named 
Killcrest Road was laid out around the 
edge of the plateau, following as closely 
as possible a certain elevation, and laying 
out interior streets to apjjroximate the 
usual gridiron system, most of them being 
curved to conform to the general direction 
of the contour lines, and wherever pos- 
sible terminating all interior streets in 
the heads of the various ravines at the 
edge of the plateau, thereby providing a 
useful and economical dumping place for 
dirt excavated out of the streets, and also 
enabling more ground to be utilised for 
building, purposes. Grades were estab- 
lished so that the sidewalk would be 
slightly lower than the general property 
grade to provide proper slope from the 
house to the sidewalk, the average cut 
being from 1 to 2 ft. in the paved portion 
of the street, most of this excavated mate- 

rial being used in filling up the heads of 
ravines. The same irregularity in grades 
is practised as in street lines, the grade 
lines following as closely as possible the 
contour of the ground, and all changes in 
grade being connected by means of vertical 
curves consisting of a change of 1 per cent, 
in grade for each 20 ft. of horizontal dis- 
tance. It was attempted to keep all grades 
under 7 per cent., but one of 10 per cent, 
was established for a short distance. 

Nothing out of the ordinary was 
attempted in the way of improvements, all 
streets being of macadam, with combined 
kei'b and gutters and 5 ft. cement walks, 
residence streets having a 22-ft. roadway 
between kerbs, and business streets 36 and 
40 ft. Macadam, stone, and gravel are 
obtainable within a short distance, while 
any other material would have to be 
shipped 500 miles or more. 

Sewers are all collected into one 24-in. 
outlet, which discharges into the river 
below the town, and all have more than 
ample fall. All sewers are to be con- 
structed of vitrified tile. 

The water supply is taken from the 
Abitibi River above the town, and is 
treated by means of a Norwood Engineer- 
ing Co. coagulating and pressure filter in- 

On account of the severe climate, it is 
necessary to have at least 7 ft. cover ovei- 
all water mains. The water in the river 
has the characteristic colour due to vege- 
table matter common to all streams in 
this locality, but being in a virgin forest 
is polluted in no other manner, and is 
perfectly pure after the filtering process. 

The company furnishes electricity from 
its hydro-electric plant for domestic and 
street lighting. Sewers, water-pipes, and 
light poles are placed in alleys wherever 

The soil is clay, and is heavily timbered 
with spruce, balsam, tamarack, poplar, 
and some birch. 

The population of the town will probablv 
never exceed 2,500, as not more than 500 
operatives will be employed in the mill ; 
however, a much larger force will be em- 
ployed in the woods, but will make their 
headquarters elsewhere. 



This church was burnt ou June 1, 1914. As 
the church had been very badly re.stored, 
there was very little of interest before the 
fire, except an old Norman doorway, which 
was fortunately uninjured. A fine Jacobean 
pul|)it was destroyed. 

The restoration of the church has been 
carried out by Jlr. G. H. Fellowes Prynne, 
F.R.I.B.A., of We.-itmiuster, diocesan archi- 
tect for Oxford, and the reconsecration took 
place on Saturday last, the 22nd inst. 
Although everything inside the church w;is 
destroyed, yet the fire was the indirect cause 
of opening up features of great architectural 
and archEPological interest, of which no one 
living had any previous knowledge. From 
the rough chalk rubble and flint-coursed work 
found beneath a thick coating of plaster on 
the lower part of the north and south tower 
walls, it seems quite evident that these walls 
were part of a very early — probably eleventh- 
century — tower, which w,a« placed at the west 
end ofthe church of that period. 

Th3 circular-headed arches, with plain 
square soffit, and rubble piers with cham- 
fered quoins and impost, apparently formed 
the northern arcade of a church of the same 
date as the original tower. The external 
Norman archway, which was (fortunately) 
uninjured by the fire, was evidently built 
into thi.* earlier arcade at a later date— viz., 
about 1160 to 1180. Remnants of a thirteenth- 
century doorway were found in the walling 
that filled one of the other original .arch- 
ways ; but as the wall was in a very weak 
and cracked condition, this remnant had to 
be built in. 

Former restorations had evidently 
obliterated any other remains of a southern 
wall or arcade of the same date, and, con- 
sidering that in two previous restorations 
window openings of various sizes had been 
cut right through the old arcade, it is for- 
tunate that sufficient stone was left to indi- 
cate its original position. 

The brick casing of the tower lia.-i the 
appearance of having been carried out at two 
different periods, judging from the size of the 
bricks and general character of the work, but 
no records have been found to show when the 
casing was put in hand, although it is known 
that four of the bells were cast in 1668. 

In the north wall of the North Transept 
or Chantry, better known as the Bear Place 
Pew, an aumbry or sacrament hatch was 
found beneath the plaster. This is especially 
interesting, from the fact that it contains a 
thick oak shelf, with a small hand hole at 
the top, closed by a sliding shutter. The 
space above the shelf was probably hidden 
from the front so that anything pushed up 
from below could not be seen. 

A circular sinking vvas found, with an early 
coloured cross and border painted on a plaster 
ground, and a small Early Norman circular 
carved head. 

The exact form of the original church can 
at the best be a matter of surmise, but it 
seems that there was a north aisle, and that 
the tower stood centrally west of the nave. 
Suffice it to say that in the present restora- 
tion the architect has most carefully preserved 
these very interesting features, almost exactly 
as they were. With the exception of the 
lower portion of the north wall of the nave 
and the north transept, the whole of the re- 
maining portion of the church has been re- 
built upon the same general foundation lines 
as the former church, with the addition of 
an increased sized chancel, south aisle 
ch.apel. new vestries, organ chamber, and 
north and south open timber porches. 

Externally, looking from the south-east, the 
church has much the same general appearance 
as in the past, but the greater part of the 
church had to be rebuilt, the cramped chancel 
vestries were of no particular interest, and 
had been previously restored, and, being too 
small it was decided to increase the length 
and width of the chancel, the former by ex- 
tendino- the sanctuarv wall eastward. The 
arch on the north side opens into the new 
or^ran chamber ; beyond are new ample clergy 
and choir vestries.' On the south side is a 
chapel formed by the extension of the south 
aisle eastwards, thus bringing the Rhodes, 
monument within the church. These, together 
with the north and south porches nnd new 
buttresses, form the only actual additions that 
extend bevond the existing foundations^ 

Externally the walls are faced with flint, 
and all the' dressed stone is Portland, iha 
brick facing of the tower has been repaired 
with similar narrow bricks and carefully 
pointed, and the design of the original win- 
dows and louvres exactly reproduced in 
Portland stone. The parapets and pinnacles 
had to be renewed. Internally, the contrast 
between the new and old church is somewhat 
more marked in effect. In the first place it 
is much lighter, as only three windows are 
filled with stained glass. Also a large fmir- 
licrht has replaced a small three-light window 
at' the west end of tM south aisle. The clear 
lead glazing, however, through which the 
green foliage of the surrounding trees is 
reflected, gives such a quiet and pleasant 
effect that the need for stained gla^s was 
seldom, if ever, less felt. The east windows 
are filled with stained glass by Messrs. James 
'Powell and Sons. 

The walls are plastered, with chalk stones 
of the ancient work showing through, the 
columns and dressings, generally, being in 
Corsham Down stone. The whole of the 
roofs are carried out in English oak, those 
of the nave and aisle being of open timber 
constrnctioii, with tie beams and carved 
hammer beams. The chancel roof is of barrel 
form, with horizontal and vertical ribs and 
carved bosses at the intersections. 

The nave is 69 ft. 6 in. in length by 25 ft. 
wide, the chancel 38 ft. long by 19 ft. wide. 
The acroniinoilation, with extra seats, is for 
about 450 adults. 

Tin: P.UILDING NE\VS: No. 3212. 

.Tn.v 2(5, 191(i. 

C.iiveil {Kinellini! suriouiida tlio lnwer part 
\){ tlu' sjiiictiinry walls, into which are in- 
serted sliield.'i bearing various omblenus. The 
paving is of varied coloured marbles, the 
steps being in white Sicilian marble. Altar, 
altar rails, credence table, and carved oak 
choir stalls, with richly traceried north and 
south screen at the back, are Transitional 
14th Century Gothic in character. Having 
fn view that the pulpit of the destroyed 
church was of Jacobean style, the new "one 
is in this style, the seating throughout being 
in character with it. 

The old Perpendicular font, for many 
years in disuse, is now placed in the 
baptistery under the tower, and this part is 
panelled in oak. Some old ironwork lias been 
restored, and will be used to suspend a cover 
for the font. A very fine peal of eight bells 
has been hung in the restored tower by 
Messrs. Myers and Stainbank, and a new 
clock has been given, the work of Messrs. 
Gillett and Johnston. Tlie old figure face 
ha3 been used again. 

The work has been successfuUv canled out 
by Messrs. Walden and Co.\, "builders, of 
Henley, and the whole of the oak seating and 
panelling was executed by them. .Messrs. 
Kinnell were the contractors" for the heating. 
and Messrs. Waring and Withers for the 
electric lighting of the church. 


The A. A School of Architecture com- 
pleted its session on Fridav last, the 21st 
inst., when, the awards for" the year were 
ainnoimced and the prizes distributed. Owing 
to fclie general condition of affairs at tlie pre- 
sent time, the proceedings were quite in- 
formal, and were held in the School .Studio, 
in which were exhibited the drawings 
executed by the students diu-ing the pa^t 

The President (Mr. A. G. R. Mackenzie), 
in distributing the prizes, said tliat his first 
impression on seeing the exhibition of work 
was that it was an excellent one. and after 
going thoTOUghly through the drawings, tliat 
impression was more than confirmed. He 
thoughjt- he could jus-tly say. without taking 
into consideration the difficult times in wMofi 
we live, that the di-awings exihibited wei'* 
well up to the liigh standard which we all 
expect to find in A. A. students' work. 

He knew the students had worked under 
very adverse conditions, disturbed by the up- 
heaval caused by the change of Mri?m;ses, atd 
thought he ought to thank them for the loyal 
way in which they had supported the 
Coimcil in the difficult operation, and he did 
this heai-t.ily, because without their assistance 
so cheerfully given, the problems the A. A. 
had had to contend with would have been 
far more difficult. 

It was not surprising to find that tliere 
•were no students in the first-year course. 
All those who had intended joining the soliiool 
had gone into the Army instead, where we 
would all like to be if we were able. Three 
students who were in tlie first year at tlie 
begiimiing of the session have bee"n moved up 
into the second year, and this promotion was 
fuUy justified in tlieir work. 

The school of design, although only in 
the first year of its life, could be voted a verv 
great success. As all the student,s knew, the 
subjects are set there "first of all as a twelve 
hours' esqmsse, which must not be departed 
from in principle. The idea of this is to 
instil; quick working and a rapid grasp of 
essentials of the subject. The schemes were 
afterwards developed with the assistance of 
the reference library, the constant use of 
which is very gratifying and fully justifies 
the kindness of donors, suoh as the late Mr. 
Florence, who left the whole of his valu- 
able library to the Association. This school 
of design was quite in its early stages, but its 
prospects were extremely favourable, and he 
believed that the work wliioh it will accom- 
plish will be better than anv-thing that has 
yet been done by students in England. 

He was sirre the students woidd all be the 
first to admit the great debt they owed to 
their brilliant headmaster, Mr. Atkinson, for 
all he bad done in the school and for his 
untiring energy and enthusiasm, and Mr. 
Atkinson, in turn, would be the first to 

acknowledge tlie value of the able assistance 
given him by -Mr. Bucknell ami Mr. I^owry. 

lie hopedit would not be long before their 
labours would have a much wider scope in 
new premises. He was sorry he was unable 
at the moment to tell them that a future 
lioine for the association had been secured, 
but he did not think it would be many 
months before he would be able to make a 
more definite announcement with regard to 

They must have a home worthy of the asso- 
ciation and its schools, and their idea was 
that it should be a centre of young architec- 
tural life and kindred arts for not only Lon- 
don, but the whole Empire. They wanted it 
to be a great force in anything appertaining 
to their art. and was sure that this would 
be accomplished. 

Many activities would be possible in a 
new building. The school could be developed 
on even more influential lines than in the 
past. They hoped to institute a fourth-year 
course, which would have for its main idea 
the study of architecture in conjunction with 
toW'U-planning. They would like to have a 
permanent life class, with models practically 
always sitting, and to institute many other 
schemes ; and apart from this they must have 
a building for the purely social side of the 
profession which would have that "club" 
atmosphere which would attract their profes- 
sional brethren and those engaged in the 
allied arts to look upon it as a rendezvous of 
all those who were interested in architecture 
and its allied arts. 

To come to the business which brought 
them here this afternoon, the announcement 
of the awards for the session and distribu- 
tion of prizes, he said it had been a work 
of great pleasure examining the drawings, 
and in weighing and balancing the value of 
the designs produced and noting the advance 
made. Of course, everyone could not have 
prizes, but it did not foUow that everyone 
had not done good work. 

Mr. Mackenzie then awarded the following 
prizes : — 
First. Year Prize, books Jean Godwin. 

First Prize, £10 Ms., books .. W. 
Second Prize, £5 os., books .. V. J. Wenning. 

Third Prize, books K. S. Measer. 

Prize for General Improvement F. A. MoEvov. 

Studentship, value 2o guinea.* W. E. de Souza. 
Recommended for Jarvis 

Scholarship, value £40 W. P. Wiggleswortti. 

.\ndrew Oliver Prize, value 

tj 35 F. P. L\r. Woodhouse. 

Second Prize, value £2 2s. .. C. J. Brandon. 

Certificates for .Association's Two-Yfars' Course:— 
H. E. uMills, K. S. Jleager, W. Bollansee, F. .\. 
McEvoy, V. J. Wenning. 

In conclusion, Mr. Mackenzie said he 
wished again to congratulate the masters and 
students for the excellent results of their 
labours. He thought the Association had 
good reason to be proud, in the first place. 
of the members and students who are serv- 
ing their country, and, in the second, of 
tliose who have " carried on " so well at 
home. To those leaving the school he would 
say, always remember the value of hard work. 
No good architecture is produced easily, and 
having started on an architectural career with 
the excellent foundation which so few of 
their elder brethren had the advantage of. 
they should remember that this was only the 
beginning, and that there is always more to 
he learnt by criticism and example. Theirs 
was a progressive art. and they were all 
students until they ceased to practise. 

Mr. Robert Atkinson, head master, pro- 
posed a vote of thanks to Mr. Mackenzie, 
which was enthusiasticallv carried. 

Mr. Arthur Evans, cliief highway eurveyor to 
the Salford Corporation, has received the news 
that his eldest son. Private Arthur Edward 
Evans, of the Lancashire Fusiliers, has been 
killed in action. 

The death took place at Dalkeith on Satur- 
day of Mr. John Ramsay, for many years factor 
on the Marquis of Lothian's Xewbattle estate. 
Through his archaeological investigations the 
foundations of the old Abbey of Newbattle. 
founded by King David I. in the Twelfth Cen- 1 
tury, were disclosed. 


The following question was sent to us fnr 
" Intercommunication," but as that feature 
has had to be discontinued for the present 
owing to the paucity of replies, due to t'e 
absence of most of our usually obliging cor- 
respondents, we transferred it to our other 
paper, the KiKjlifh Mechanic, from 
larger circle of readers information is always 
available : — 

should bo glad if some export graphicist 
would bo kind enough to show the graphioi 
method of arriving at the stresses ia the'l 

^ c*'m(^uL j^/i^ 

annexed roof truss whidi has to support i 
load of 1 ton in two places as shown. Ncn- 
of the books that I have seen show how to 
work it out allowing for a suspended weight 
hanging to it.— tJ. B. Hardman. 


the appearance of the figure, the truss is 
symmetrical : similar loads of one ton ire 
hung at similar places on the other half. For 
simplicity, reduce the 1.000-lb. load and 12,430- 
lb. reaction to one force of ll,48C-lb. reaction. 
Letter the figure as shown, in a clockwise direc- 
tion, -according to bow's notation; then the 
force polygon will indicate both the magnituJe 
and direction of the forces in the memciers of 
the roof truss. As no dimensions are given, I 
have taken a scale of 4 me. for the half-span 
and 4,000 lbs. inch lineir for scale of foroa 
polygon. Draw a vertical line, I' A', to 
represent in magnitude the reaction ll.'^SO, 
from A' draw A' J', parallel to A J on rcof 
truss diagram and also from I'. I' J', parallel 
to I J. These intersect in J'. I' A' J' is the 
force polygon for point A. Going round thift 
polygon in a clockwise direction, I' A' is known 
in magnitude and direction ; A' J' (to scale 
18,500) gives the force in A J and its direction, 
which is towards A, so that this member is a 
strut ; and J' I' that of member J I (to scale 
14,500), which is a tie. Placing arrows on the 

4^^ y 

members A J and J I at both ends, go on to 
point t, and repeat the process. Here it will 
be evident that point K' falls on J', so that 
vertical line parallel to J K is of no length: 
tihis indicates that this member is unneceseary, 
except for stiffening. For point a, draw A' B' 
on force polygon to boale parallel to A B on 
truss diagram ; B' L' parallel to B L ; 
L' K' parallel to L K, meeting in L'. The 
free polygon for point a is now A'B'L'K'A. 
Going round it in a clockwise direction, es 
before, we find A' B' kpown ; B' L'(to scale 
19,000) is a strut; L' K' (to scale 4,000) is a 
tie ; and the others are known. Put arrows on 
the members B L and L K accordingly, and go 
on to next point. Proceed exactly as before, 
remembering to go round the point in the truss 
diagram in a clockwise direction, when drawing 
the force polygon proceeding from known to 
unknown forces, and having usually only two 

July 26, 1916. 



unknown forces at any point. Reading oil 
from the force polygon m the same clockwise 
direction gives the direction of the forces, and, 
to scale, their magnitudes. Thus, from the 
example : — 

force = 19,000 lbs. approx. 

force = 1,500 lbs. approx. 

force = 500 lbs. approx. 

force = 500 lbs. approx. 

force = 1,000 lbs. approx. 
Of course, alteration of proportions of the truss 
will al^r the forces, so fch© example nmet Le 
worked out to large scale and actual propor- 
tions. I hope the method will now be quite 
clear. T. C. F. 

assumed from the reaction given that there are 
four weights of one ton each suspended from 
the tie-rod of the roof, and not only two, as 


N ie a strut ; 


M is a tie; 


L is a strut ; 


is a strut ; 

N is a tie ; 

must continue throughout. The only effect is 
to make the diagram right or left-handed. Pro- 
ceeding from joint to joint you gi-adually build 
up the diagram. It is not necessary to know 
before you start what form it will "take. In 
the stress diagram, as drawn, all the stresses 
in top members intersect in a point. This will 
only be so if the curve of the truss is parabolic. 
If of any other curve these lines will not so 
intersect. W. Alexander. 

Under this title a very interesting mono- 
graph by W. H. Elgar, descriptive of a 
medJiEval house with sixteenth and eigh- 
teenth century additions, which until this 
spring stood on the Bayle between the Leas 
and the crooked and narrow High Street at 





7 ^ 








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>5ca/e o/ ^eeA 


stated by the querist. The accompanying 
stress diagram shows a method of arriving at 
the stresses. S. C Bailey. 

accompanying is the diagram of stresses in 
members of the truss under the loads given. 
The two end verticals are redundant members 
so far as main stresses are concerned, and they 
do not appear in the diagram. In the elevation 
of the truss the members in heavy lines are 
under compression. Note that the two centre 
diagonals carry compressive stresses. So far 
as the given load system affects the problem, 
and unless there are other loads, it would be 
better to reverse these two diagonals, when the 





U 10 

stresses would become tensile. The stress dia- 
gram would require a slight modification to cor- 
respond. The centre vertical would then be- 
come redundant. These redundant members 
are useless excepting that they serve to prevent 
undue local sagging in the horizontal tension 
member. In practice many problems occur 
which will not be found in text books, but there 
is no difficulty in solving them if you work sys- 
tematically. In this problem, after finding the 
reactions, draw all the external forces, as at the 
right of diagram, taking them in cyclic order 
as they follow each other round the figure of the 
truss. Here they are taken as they come, 
going round in a right-handed direction. Next, 
take each joint of the truss in rotation and 
draw the polygon of forces acting there. The 
whole secret of success is to draw these forces, 
always taking them in cyclic order in the same 
direction ; in this case right-handed. They might 
just as well be taken left-handed if you start 
80, but in whatever direction you start you 

Folkstone, has just been published by Messrs. 
F. J. Parsons, Limited, the proprietors of 
the Folkestone Herald, whose offices and 
printing works adjoin the residence now de- 
stroyed. The book is illustrated with por- 
tions of a map, plans, details of joinery, and 
numerous photographs, and bears traces of 
painstaking and accurate compilation. 

When the premises, a low block faced with 
wide-jointed random rubble, came into the 
housebreakers' hands tliey had obviously 
seen better days. Originally one dwelling, 
they had been subdivided and were known as 
Nos. 31 and 33, the Bayle, consisting of four 
rooms and an attic and five rooms and an 
attic respectively. None of the rooms gave 
any indication to the casual observer of the 
former glories of the building, but as the 
work of demolition proceeded it was seen that 
in No. 31 a 7-ft. Tudor fireplace was blocked 
by a modern graite set in brickwork, and that 
the two receisees at the ends had been con- 
verted into cupboards ; that beautiful moulded 
joists were covered with a laith-and-plaster 
ceiling, and that a moulded beam down the 
middle of the chief room was boxed in with 
Jin. deal boarding. About fifty photographs 
were taken of parts of the building, its 
special features and materials ; a selection 
from these photographs is included in the 
brochure, while a complete set has been 
deposited for future reference in -the Public 
Library of Folkestone, where portions of the 
old ironwork, plastering, mortar, bricks, and 
wrought oak have also been preserved. 

When first constructed about 1400 a.d. , the 
house consisted of a cellar, three rooms on 
ground floor (houseplace or kitchen, bower 
or .study, and buttery), of which two had fire- 
places, two bedchambers on the first floor, 
and an attic. Early in Tudor times both fire- 
places were replaced by those now found 
bricked up, and another was introduced in 
the second chamber on first floor and a north- 
west wing of two stories was added. Over the 
bower was the best chamber, which, like tlie 
room below, had an oriel window and a large 
fireplace. The ceiling before the demolition 
was divided into four equal compartments by 
an oak beam and by binders ; each compart- 
ment contained a plaster ornament in relief, 
three being circular and the other diamond- I 

shaped, the subjects being a staghound, 
goat, a swan, and three smaller birds. The 
figures, Mr. N. E. Toke says, were not of 
armorial significance, not being represented 
on the arms of families who have had posses- 
sions in Folkestone. The roof timbers showed 
several ai'rangements not found in modern 
roof. There was no ridge-board to receive 
the heads of the rafters, as in present prac- 
tice, though purlins were simply used to 
give rigidity and were supported partly by 
the collars and partly by brackets housed and 
pinned into the under sides of the rafters. 
When the north-west wing was added 
to that corner of the house in Tudor days 
the wattle-auid-daub work was removed at 
that angle. Early in the eighteenth century, 
before 1734, the building was converted into 
two tenements, the cellar was divided by a 
partition, and the buttery destroyed, a 
modern kitchen taking its place. The bay 
window was blocked, and the stone floor of 
the kitchen removed and replaced by wood, 
and stairs inserted into what was afterwards 
No. 31. Last of all, the north-west wing 
was replaced by a rather larger one in 
weather-boarding and having a new staircase. 

To the practical builder the most interest- 
ing fact to notice Ls the great skill and know- 
ledge displayed in the oiiortise-and-itenou 
joints, which were used wherever possible. 
Labour was economised in constructional 
features but lavished in decoration. The 
tenons of the great beams which met at the 
heads of the posts were invariably vertically 
placed, while those at the feet were horizon- 
tal. The moulded joists were housed and 
tenoned into the beams ; the mouldings, being 
housed into the beams under the tenons, made 
a good finish and added greatly to the 
strength. The plaster contained a very large 
proportion of hair. 

We have quoted sufficiently from the littJe 
handbook before us to show its exhaixstive 
and reliable character and the light it throws 
on domestic construction in East Kent in the 
fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. 

The one necessary factor in preserving 
cement, says a writer in the Contract Record 
of Toronto, is to prevent the access of mois- 
ture. It does not require direct contact with 
water to injure cement, since such is the 
affinity of the material for water that even 
atmospheric moisture and wall dampness 
cause it to become hard and lumpy. Tlie 
effective preventive of spoiled cement is, 
therefore, to exclude every trace of moisture. 
All air circulation around or between the 
sacks should be prevented, so that a damp 
atmosphere will not come in contact with the 
cement. A false floor of boards la-id on 
blocks or bricks keeps the material away 
from the ground. It is necessary also to keep 
it separated from damp walls. Sacks should 
be packed as closely together as possible so 
as to present a minimum outside surface to 
the air. Other things being equal, paper bags 
are more efficient in preserving cement than 
cloth sacks, due to the paper absorbing mois- 
ture less easily. When well protected in this 
way with a waterproof covering fixed tightly, 
cement may be preserved indefinitely. Sacks 
should not be turned around or changed from 
pile to pile. If caked, it is better not to 
break the cake lest fresh material should be 
exposed to the action of the air. 


The Dorset County Council are taking 
measures for the constiniction of a new and 
more direct road between Lyme Regis and 

A sewage purification plant has been re- 
cently conjpletcd fey Messrs. Tuke and Bell, 
Limited, of the Carlton Engineering Works, 
High Road, Tottenham, for the sanatorium 
erected at Pont-y-Wal, Talgarth, near Brecon, 
bv tho Welsh National Memorial Association. 
The scheme was selected, out of several alter- 
native proposals, by Messrs. E. T. Hall. 
F.R.I.B.A., and H. H. Humphreys, 
^^.Inst.C,E., acting respectively as arcliitect 
and engineer to the above a.ssociation. It 
w.ia devised to deal with tho drainage from 
400 persons, the estimated volume of flow 
being 16,000 gallons per diem. 


H.M. FORCES. — Messrs. Metcalf and Greig, Architects. 




































































































Castle and Warren, Architect 



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ci^'fcfe l^^iAixcni.' 

Messrs. Ambrose Poynter, F.R.LB.A., and George Wenvon, M.S. A., Architects. 


THE lUILI)L\(i .\i:\\S: .\n. :;lM-_' 

July -HI 191 (5. 


In recent years considerable attention lias 
lieen |>aid l>y manufacturers to the develop- 
ment of a cheap roofini; material which would 
l>e free from some of the defects inherent in 
galvanised sheet iron. 

Some of the substances in use are com- 
pose<I of cement, to which fibrous material is 
added to render it less hard and brittle, sheets 
of any desired form being made up in thick- 
nesses of i in. upwards. Such materials have 
certain obvious advantages over corrugated 
iron, and, a priori, it would appear that they 
would, in addition, be more efficient than 
sheet iron in preventing loss of heat from the 
building through the roof, since the thermal 
conductivity of cement-like materials is of 
the order of l-70th that of iron. 

The following experiments have been made 
at the N'ational Physical Laboratory. In 
order to obtain numerical data as to the 
amount of radiating surface it would be neces- 
sary to install in a very large factory, of which 
the roof was constructed of one of these 
materials, a sample was sent for test by a 
firm of consulting engineers. In order to 
imitate practical conditions as closely as 
possible, an apparatus was constructed which 
was a model of a building containing air 
warmed to a definite temperature. The heat- 
ing was supplied by large resistance nets, 
whose actual temperature elevation with the 
heating current employed was verj- small. 
This was in order to ensure that the heat 
transfer was effected by air currents and not 
by direct radiation. The walls were of slab 
cork 2 ins. thick, while the roof was com- 
posed either of the material under test or of 
galvanised sheet iron. The interior air of the 
box was circulated by a small electric fan, 
whose consumption of energy was added to 
that e.xpended in the net. Suitably disposed 
couples gave the temperature of the internal 
and the external air, the difference being 
made 30° Fahr., in accordance with the con- 
ditions specified. 

The results obtained were of a wholly un- 
e.\pected character. The tests showed that 
the heat loss per square foot of the composite 
material was about 20 per cent, greater than 
that through galvanised iron. The key to the 
explanation <if this apparent anomaly of a 
badly conducting material transmitting more 
heat than a good conductor, was supplied by 
the previous work on the heat loss from sur- 
faces, and it was concluded that the explana- 
tion lay in the difference of surface emissivity 
of the two materials. The correctness of this 
view was borne out by further experiments. 

The top surface of the iron was painted 
black. It was then found that the heat trans- 
mission was increased, and became equal to 
that of the composite material. In further 
support of the explanation advanced, it was 
also found possible to diminish the tran.smis- 
sion through the roofing material under test 
by painting the external surface with alu- 
minium paint, when its transmission became 
practically identical with that found for the 
sheet iron in the original state. It is in- 
teresting to note that by experiment with 
thermo-couples it was ascertained that the 
gradient through the material, about 2.5° 
Fahr., was relatively small compared with the 
ditlerence of 30° Fahr. between the internal 
and external air. It would be of interest to 
know whether the efficiency of such protect- 
ing materials would not be considerably in- 
creased by constructing them in a cellular 
form, with small air spaces between the walls. 
Tn countries where extreme climatic changes 
are encountered these transmission pheno- 
mena would be of considerable importance. 


ImproTenients are about to be carried out to 
the church at Drumeela, Carrigallen, Co. 
T,eitrim. from plans by Mr. J. J. McDonnell, 
C'hichester Street, Belfast. 

Sir John Williams, president of the National 
Li'brarr of Wales, has received an anonvmous 
?ift of £5.000 for the building fund of the 
lilbrary. The library, which is situated at 
.\ibervstwith. and has been built from plans bv 
Mr. Sidney K. Greenslade. F.R.T.B.A.. will be 
opened to the public this summer. We illus- 
trated the building in our issues of June 11. 1909, 
and March S, 15. 22, and 29, and .\pril 5 this 

'nr KUnstrations. 


This week we give illustrations of some of 
tlie groups (if cottages by Messrs*. .Sir Ernest 
lieorge, A.R.A., and A. B. Yeates, 
FF.R.I.B.A. The -plan of each tenement 
follows the arrangements as agreed upon 
by the committee for all the homes — 
viz., a good living room, with a recess 
for the bed, a porch in which to 
sit. and a washhouse, with bath, sink, 
etc. To ensure that the various buildings 
should harmonise generally in form and also 
.agree in colour, one small-siiKd brick was 
decided upon, and plain tiles were used 
lor all tlie roofs. The two-storied building*' 
seen are set out at an angle one to another, 
being thus placed on a canted lay-out to suit 
the circular drive, as shown by the plan. The 
arches connecting these blocks form part of 
a pergola. The group perspective of ''six 
cottages " drawn below the other view shows 
how the latter are arranged to form three 
sides of a square around a sunk lawn. A 
siuiilar group of six is placed opposite to 
these, making a symmetrical whole. The 
nurses' home, whioli is provided to each sec- 
tion, will be seen through the centre arch- 
way. On May 31 last we gave views and 
plans of the Whiteley Homes erected from 
the designs of Mr. Ernest Newton, A.R.A., 
P.R.I.B.A., and on June 21 we illustrated 
the buildings built at Whiteley Park by Mr. 
Reginald Blomfield, R.A., giving plans, ele- 
vations, sections, and details of his work for 
the Whiteley Trust. 


Had the war not happened, this country 
house which we illustrate to-day from this 
year's Royal Academy, would by now have 
been completed. The stone was delivered to 
the site and the house was pegged out ready 
for the excavations when operations were of 
necessity cancelled and the work postponed 
for the present. Most of the stone intended 
to be used was from old demolished build- 
ings, and the details show the introduction 
of thin mottled brickwork and flints com- 
bined to create the warmth of treatment com- 
mon in old work about England. This front 
shows the side which has the most enclosed 
outlook and upon which the best rooms are 
not situated. This results in a contrast 
caused by the low rambling setting out in 
this respect as compared with the more de- 
cided balance of parts distinguishing the gar- 
den front Off the building. A view of that 
side was exhibited in the Royal Academy in 
1914, when we illustrated the i>erfpective 
in The Building News, July 3, 1914. 
The aim of the architects was to 
ensure a simple combination of lines 
without slavishly following traditional ones. 
Low tones of colour and semblance to the 
general effect of old houses constitute the 
basis on which the lay-out was coiitrived. 
The interiors were to correspond and appro- 
priate furnishing was carefully introduced 
throughout. Mr. W. G. Tarrant, the builder, 
had the work in hand. Messrs. Castle and 
Warren, of Norfolk Street, Strand, are the 



In order to be able to reply more effectively 
to the requests from the Air Departments 
of the Admiralty and the War Office for 
aerodynamic test work and research, the 
.\dvisory Committee for Aeronautics decided 
in November, 1915, to recommend the immedi- 
ate erection of two new wind channels of 
4 ft. and 7 ft. diameter respectively, bringing 
the total wind channel equipment available 
at the Laboratory to five channels. The 
construction of the building was commenced 
in the middle of November and is now com- 
pleted, whilst the equipment is nearing 
completion. The increase of scientific staff in 
previous years had rendered insufficient the 
office room available, and the further increase 

involved to keep the new equipment in full 
work made it necessary to provide new 
otiices; advantage was taken of the construe- 
tion of the two new wind channel rooms to 
provide suitable office accommodation. The 
requests for tests at high speeds have resultea 
in heavy demands for power, which could 
not be supplied from the main generator 
of the Laboratory ; the new demands have 
been met by the provision of a separate 
motor-generator housed centrally in the new 
buildings. The heating apparatus, on the 
hot- water system, is also separate from that 
of the rest of the Laboratory. The w^hole 
of the building operations were undertaken 
by H.M. Office of Works, the staff of the 
.\eron.autics Division giving the drawings 
and assistance 'necessary for the erection of 
the wind channels, etc. The thanks of the 
Division are due to H.M. Office of Work.'! 
for the effort made to secure the 'nest con- 
ditions for the success of the new equipment. 
The iron framing of the channels and the 
whole of the woodwork has been erected by 
the contractors, the only part of the equip- 
ment coming under the direct superinten- 
dence of the Aeronautics Division being the 
aerodynamic balances. Of these, one has 
been made by the Cambridge Scientific Instru- 
ment Company to the designs of the staff, 
whilst the other is being constructed. by the 
workshop staff of the Laboratory. These 
balances follow generally the lines of that 
found satisfactory in the 4 ft. channel 
erected nearly four years ago, and described 
in the report of the Advisory Committee for 
.\eronautics, 1912-13. As the result of ex- 
perience a number of improvements in detail 
have been made and introduced successively 
into the later balances. A balance to the 
Laboratory drawing was made by the Cam- 
bridge Scientific Instrument Company for the 
School of Technology, Boston, U.S.A.. and 
has been in use for some time now. Three 
or four other channels and balances to 
Laboratory designs are either in course of 
construction at the present time or are being 
contemplated by the manufacturers of air- 
craft as an assistance to the technical staff 
employed on design. In all cases where the 
manufacturers are engaged on work for the 
Government Air Departments, the fullest 
assistance is being given by the staff of the 
Laboratory. -^ll" the buildings devoted to 
aerodynamic test-work and research are 
situated in the extreme north-eastern corner 
of the Laboratory grounds; the position is 
shown in Fig. 1, the extent of the new 
buildings being indicated by the heavy out- 
line. Detailed drawings of the new buildings 
appear in Figs. 2 — 5, which include elevations 
from the north, south, east and west, with 
various sections and the plans of the various 
floors. The general disposition of the build- 
ing is most readily seen from Figs. 2 and 
3, which represent exterior elevations and 
ground plan respectively. Fig. 2a shows the 
end of the 7 ft. channel room to the left, the 
whole height of this section being devoted 
.solely to obtaining the space requisite for 
the satisfactory working of the large wind- 
channel. The clear internal dimensions of 
this room are — length 100 ft., width 40 ft., 
height 35 ft., the dimensions having being 
determined by careful experiments on a 
model. The lower part of the building, on 
the right-hand side of Fig. 2a, indicates the 
position of the offices for the scientific staff; 
there are four offices in all. two on each 
floor. The north elevation, Fig. 26, shows 
another view of the same offices to the left 
of the figure, whilst to the right, on the 
ground floor, is the room for the 4 ft. wind 
channel, and on the second floor, the pattern- 
makers' shop. The west elevation shows the 
ends of the 4 ft. channel room and the 
pattern-makers' shop on the left., with the 
main entrance to the new buildings to the 
immediate right. The position of the blue- 
print room is "indicated by the upper window, 
and a small office on the ground floor used 
for the receipt of instruments corresponds 
with the lower window. Between the blue- 
print room and the 7 ft. channel room is 
a passage to the heating apparatus and the 
motor-generator room. The whirling-table 
shed (not shown in the figure) immediately 
adjoins the 7 ft. channel room, the relation 

Jlly 2i3, 191G. 



between tlie two being shown in the south 
elevation. The doorway to the right con- 
uects the new buildings with the whirling- 
lable shed, the presence of which accounts 
for the height of the windows in the large 
wind channel room. The lighting of this 
room is e.xceptionally good, and is consider- 
ably assisted by an e.\tensive roof-light. The 
ground plan. Fig. 3, shows, in addition to the 
rooms already mentioned, the motor-generator 
room, the wind chaimels and the position 
of the boilers for heating and hot water 
supply. The wind channels are shown in 
then" correct relation to the rooms they 
occupy, and the rooms are kept free from 
any other large pieces of apparatus. Figs. 
4 and 5 give further particulars of the 
buildings, showing the various floor levels, 
the sizes of the offices and the photographic 

This building has been erected nearly op- 
posite Marlborough House on the north side 
of Pall .Mall, with a return frontage to Pall 
Mall Place e.xtending to a depth of over 
100 ft. The elevations are faced with Port- 
land stone, and have carved enrichments in 
character with the facade. The entrance-hall 
is lined and paved with Ai'nialto, Swedish 
green and statuary marble. There are two 
lifts, one an Otis and an express to the fourth 
floor. The building is provided with up-to- 
date fittings, including heating throughout 
and a continuous water supply. The ground- 
Pioor. planned as a showroom, has an area of 
4,100 ft., and below there is a basement of a 
corresponding size. The mezzanine floor is 
amply lighted with the maximum extent of 
window space. The upper floors of the pre- 
mises comprise fifteen offices on each story and 
ample lavatory provision. The building is 
the Headquarters of the Eastern Command of 
H.>L Forces. The contractor was Mr. W. 
J. Maddison. of Clarkeon Street. Canning 
Town, E. The lifts were supplied by Messrs. 
Waygood Otis, Limited. Messrs. Jletcalf and 
Greig, of Imperial Buildings, Kingsway, are 
the architects. 


This tablet has been executed in white sta- 
tuary marble, built up in seven pieces. The 
lettering is gilt ; the star of the Scots Guards 
is painted in heraldic colours. It is erected 
on the .south pier of the chancel arch in the 
parish church of Hillingdon, to the memory 
of Second-Lieut, the Hon. C. T. Mills, M.P., 
of the Scots Guards, who fell at Hulloch in 
Flanders last year. Mr. Mills was the elder 
son of Lord Hillingdon. The tablet wae de- 
signed and executed in less than three weeks, 
and was unveiled at a special memorial ser- 
vice on Whit Sunday last. The work was 
done by Messrs. H. H. Martyn, Limited, of 
Cheltenham and Grafton Street, W., from 
the designs and under the supervision of 
Messrs. Ambrose Poynter, F.R.I.B.A., and 
George Wenyon. M.S'.A., M.B.C.S.A., archi- 
tects, of South Molton Street, W. 


Captain Guy Dickins, King's Royal Rifle 
Corps, who was wounded on the 13th inst., 
and died four days later, was the son of the 
late A. L. Dickins, of Hopefield, Manchester. 
He wag successively a scholar of Winchester 
and of New College, Oxford, and he took a 
first class in the >inal Classical Schools in 
1904. He held the Craven Fellowship, and 
worked for some years at the British .School 
of Archeology at Athens. His chief publi- 
cation was the Catalogue of Sculpture in the 
Acropolis Mu.seum. In 1908 he was elected 
Fellow and Lecturer of St. John's College, 
Oxford. He obtained his commission in 
November, 1914, and went with his regiment 
to the front in July, 1915. 

>-•••-< . 

Mr. Cyril R. Brown has just received the 
appointment of a(=sistant suirveyor to the 
Mitchani Urban District Council." He served 
his 'articles with the borough surveyor of 
Douglas, and was afterwards appointed 
assistant .surveyor to the Wombwell Urhaii 
District Council. 


Baltimore. — -\lr. Baker, the United States 
Secretary of War. has aiinouiieed his approval 
of the award of the jury in the competition 
for a design for a monument to Francis Scott 
(Key, the author bf " The Star-Sparigled 
Baiiiier," to be erected at Fort McHenry, 
Baltimoi'e. The first prize, which carries with 
it an acceptance of the design, is awarded to 
C H. Niehaus, sculptor, and E. V. Warren, 
architect. The design consists of a semi-cir- 
cular platform of marble enclosed within a 
semi-circular bench of the same material. In 
the centre of the quadrant is a heroic figure of 
a half-clad man in bronze holding a musical in- 
strument made of a shell and a single string. 
The figure is intended to represent Primitive 
Music. About the base of the statue will be 
inscribed a verse from " The Star-Spangled 
Banner " and other legends connected with 
the life of Key. The second prize was 
awarded to F. H. Packer, sculptor, and 
Albert R. Ross, architect. The third prize 
goes to Henry Herring, sculptor, and Ewarts 
Tracy, architect, and the fourth .prize to J. 
Massey Rhind, sculptor, and Albert R. Ross, 



BuiLDEE AND SOLICITOR.— At Weston-super- 
Mare, on the 17th inst., before Judge H. Y. 
Stanger, K.C., Mr. John A. Weston, a local 
builder, sued Mr. Donald S. Ball, solicitor, 
of London, for £2 ISs. 2d. as damages, 
alleging negligence on defendant's part when 
acting as his solicitor in connection with a 
jjiece of land purchased by the plaintiff at 
Weston ; the negligence consisting of not de- 
livering a full and proper abstract of title. 
Dr. Grey was for the plaintiff. Defendant, 
who had forwarded a notificjition of objection 
to the jurisdiction of the Court, did not 
appear. Plaintiff's case was that he had 
bought the piece of land in question from 
defendant's father, and it had been at the 
request of Mr. Ball, sen., that his son, the 
defendant, had acted as solicitor for both 
parties. When plaintiff eventually tried to 
sell a portion of the purchased property, he 
found he could not do so, owing to defend- 
ant having omitted to include salient and 
necessary details in the abstract of title which 
ho had supplied him. He had, therefore, to 
incur other legal costs in providmg the de- 
tails, and his present claim was for the re- 
covery of the additional costs in question. 
The learned judge found for the plaintiff, 
with costs. 

Joiner's Risk " Not Incidental to Employ- 
ment.'' — Anderson v. Armstrong, Whit- 
woHTH and Co. — At the Newcastle County 
Court, on the 18th inst.. Judge Greenweil 
gave his aw-ard in an application for com- 
pensation heard a month ago, the applicant 
being Tom Anderson, joiner, and the respond^ 
ents Messrs. Armstrong, Whitworth and Co., 
Limited. Applicant was injured whilst using 
a planing machine, and the point at issue 
was whether his work necessitated the use 
of this machine. He wanted a piece of wood 
planed, and, the machineman being away, 
he started to do the work himself, and it 
was while he was so engaged that the acci- 
dent occurred. His Honour said, with re- 
spect to the submission that applicant's em- 
ployment as a joiner carried with it the 
right to use any wood-turning machine, that 
he should require much stronger evidence 
than had been given. The only evidence of 
such use was by the applicant, who said he 
had used the planing machine on three 
occasions previously. In the respondents' 
works machinemen were provided to work 
machines, and no other workmen were per- 
mitted to work them. In using the machine 
.\nderson incurred a risk not incident to his 
employment. His award therefore must be 
for the respondents. On the application of 
Mr. E. Meynell, stay for twenty-one days 
was ordered. 

The Upkeep of Railway Bridges.— Judg- 
ment was given in the House of I,ords on 
Friday by the Lord Chancellor and Lords 
Loreburn, Haldane, Shaw, and Sumner, in 
the appeal of the Attorney-General (at the 
relation of Pickfords, Limited) v. Great 
Northern Railway Company, which the Lord 
Chancellor said raised a question of unusual 
importance. The point at issue was as to 
thn condition of strength in relation to txaffic at 
which a railway company wore bound to main- 
tain a bridge con.structed over a public highway 
under the provisions of an Act Which iiicor- 
|)orated the provisions of the Railway Clauses 

Consolidation Act, 1845. Mr. Justice War- 
rington in the original trial decided against 
the railway company, but the iCourt of Appeal 
(Lords Justices Swinfen Eady, PhilUmore, and 
Bankes) bad reversed his decision. The 
Houso of Lords, Lord Haldane dissenting, 
now supported the judgment of the Court ot 
Appeal. The apoellants alleged that Crouch- 
end Bridge, Horaisey, ^., built in 1867, was 
not in such a condition as to be of sufficient 
safety to carry heavy motor traflio whioli 
might reasonably bo expected under present- 
day circumstances, and asked for a manda- 
tory injunction requiring the railway com- 
pany to do such works to the bridge as might 
render it sufficiently safe to carry such heavy 
traffic. The railway company, while not 
denying that they were liable to maintain 
the bridge, insisted that the measure of their 
obligations was to be found not in the state 
of things in reference to traffic existing at 
the present, but in that which existed when the 
bridge was made. In his judgment on Fri- 
day* the Lord Chancellor observed that the 
decision either involved an undoubted limita- 
tion of the rights of user of public roads 
carried by a bridge over the lines of a rail- 
way company, or. on the other hand,^ it 
might throw on railway companies the obliga- 
tion of reconstructing such bridges to meet 
the growing demands of heavy modern traffic. 
The circumstances in which the case had 
arisen must e.xist in many instances, and they 
were likely to increase. In this case it was 
admitted that the bridge was originally ade- 
quate, and he thought the provisions that 
secured its adequacy were more effective 
than the appellants in argument were pre- 
pared to admit. The question, which was 
one of difficulty, would havo been attended 
with far greater uncertainty had it not been 
for the decision of that House in the case 
of the Sharpness New Docks and Gloucester 
and Birmingham Navigation Company v. 
Attorney-Gemeral (reported in the Building 
News for February 26, 1915, p. 258). In 
that case a canal company were proposing 
to take their canal through a highway, and 
the Act which authorised the construction of 
the works provided that that highway should 
be carried by a bridge of such dimensions 
and in such manner as the Commissioners 
should ■"approve, and obligations^ were cast 
upon the canal company to maintain such 
bridge. He could not think that the words 
of Section 46 of the Act under which the 
bridge was constructed meant that such 
bridge was to be a changing and varying 
structure, altered from time to time to meet 
the growth of traffic wholly unforeseen and 
unexpected when the railway was made. The 
bridge was only bound to carry the road 
through which it passed, and that was the 
road determined at the moment when the 
railway was built. It was the bridge con- 
structed in conformity with the provisions of 
the Act which the railway company were, 
bound to maintain, and they were subject to 
no further or added liability. In his opinion 
the judgment of the Court of Appeal was 
right, and this appeal should be dismissed 
with costs. Lords Loreburn. Shaw of Dun- 
fermline, and Sumner gave judgment to the 
same effect. Lord Haldane differed. He s: id 
that questions resembling inj principle that 
before the House had come before tlie 
Courts in a series of cases, ot which the 
following were examples : — R. v. Inhabitants 
of Kent ; R. v. Inhabitants of Lind- 
sey : R. v. Kerrison ; R. v. Inliabitants of 
Ely ; Hertfordshire County Council v. 
G.E.R. Co.; and Macclesfield Corporation v. 
G.C.R. Co. The principle developed by tliese 
cases was that where persons acting under 
statutory powers conferred on them for their 
own convenience interrupted a highway, they 
would, unless the statute provided otherwase, 
bo presumed to be under an obligation to 
constnict such works as would restore to the 
public the use of the highway and to main- 
tain the works at their own expense in a 
condition adequate to the public need. When 
in such circumstances the public road which 
had heen interrupted was restored by being 
carried on a bridge, the bridge and the road, 
which thus formed part of it. must be kept 
up to such a standard as would admit of the 
public enjoyment of the facilities for ordinary 
traffic over the road that they would have 
hn<\ if the interruption had not taken place, 
and if the substituted works had not been 
executed. In his opinion the judgment of 
tho Court of Appeal was wrong. 

The corporation of Wigan have adopted a 
scheme for increasing the capacity of the Whit- 
ley reservoir by 1,650,000 gallons. 



July •><), lOlG. 

IBuilDing Intflltijcnre. 
— I • I 

lliMMiN. Wkst MlUlLK.-All Saiiils" 
Chiircli. Hunduii. whicli was bunicd down cii 
Febniiiiy 15, 1914, was ivoiieiied. aftiT re- 
storation, on Tuesday in last weeti, liy the 
Bisliop of St. Ednumdsbury and Ipswich. 
Under the direction of Mr. lietniar Blow, the 
church has been rebuilt on the .same lines as 
the old fabric. For the ])resent, most of the 
internal furnishings must be of a plain and 
ine.xpensive character; but a three-manual 
orLian has been acquired. The floor of the 
sanctuary consists of stone slabs and pavinj; 
tiles ; the rest of the church is laid with wood 
blocks. The pulpit is of oak cut out of 
the charred beams whicji fell from the ceilini; 
during the fire. The base of the font is con- 
structed of old stone which was found em- 
bedded in the walls, and had belonged a|)pa- 
rently to a church of still earlier date than 
the present (fourteenth century) one. The 
side altar is placed in the chantry chapel, 
formerly used as organ-chamber and vestry- 
room. The organ now occupies a more open 
space in the east bay of the south aisle. The 
chancel ha,s been restored to its proper use. 
The total cost of restoring the 'church has 
Ijeen a little over £5.000. The builders were 
Messrs. Rattee and Kett. of Camliricli'f. 


first annuaJ meeting of the Lewisham and 
District Association of ilaster Decorators was 
held at the Labour Exchange, High Street. 
Lewisham, on Thursday, July 13, Mr. F. W. 
Loasby, President, occupying the chair. The 
rules governing the association were adopted, 
including the following dbjects of the as- 
sociation, viz., the mutual protection of 
members in all matters in dispute between 
employers and operatives ; to promote good- 
will between members of the association ; to 
promote a higher standing of workmanship 
among journeymen and apprentices, and to 
act as arbitrators in disputes of the trade. 
Among those present at the meeting were 
Councillor T. R. Roberts, hon. treasurer. 
Councillor Brooke, hon. solicitor, and about 
twenty leading decorators of the district. 
Master decorators and members of aUied 
trades in the Lewisham, Catford, Ladywell, 
Hither Green, Lee, Brockley, New Cross, 
Blackheath, Deptford. Greenwich, Forest 
Hill, and Sydenham districts who desire 
to become members or receive further in- 
formation concerninor the association are 
invited to communicate with the hon. secre- 
tary, Mr. .J. Laird, jun., 39, Marler Road, 
Forest HUl, S.E. 

Builders' Benevolent Institution. 

The sixty-ninth annual general meeting of 
this deserving charity was held on Monday 
afternoon, at Koh-i-Noor House, Kingsway, 
W.C. Mr. F. Shingleton, M.V.O., occupied 
the chair. The audited accounts for 
1915-16 having been read and a,pproved, 
the following annual report was sub- 
mitted : — The committee of management 
referred with deep regret to the fact 
that the war still continued, but, at the 
same time, expressed its admiration for their 
president and others who are serving in his 
Majesty's services. The war had materially 
affected the funds of the institution and its 
income had consequently been considerably 
reduced. During the past year one man had 
been added to the pensioners' list, which low 
included twenty-six men and thirty-three 
women. Two men and two women receiving 
pensions had died during the twelvemonth. 
The institution is much indebted to those 
who responded so generously to ii"e 
treasurer's appeal issued in November last. 
The committee of management tendered its 
hearty thanks for their kind assistance to 
the trustees and to the hon. auditors. They 
were pleased to announce to the society and 
subscribers that Major G. R. Holland, 
E.A., had kindly consented to act again next 
year as president. The following were duly 
elected as officers for 1916-17 : — President, 
Major George E. Holland, E.A. (re-elected" : 
treasurer, Mr. Frank May, J.P. (re-elected) ; 

hon. auditors, Mr. John T. Holding and M" 
N. S. Ward, F,C,A, (both reelected). Th.' 
following members of the committee uf 
management, who retired by rota, were re- 
elected : — Messrs. H. Adamson, John T. Hold- 
ing, Ben Carter, T. \V. Chessum, J.P., H. S. 
Foster, F. (!. Minter, Hv. N'orthcroft, James 
F. Parker, Alexander Uitchie, J.P., and 
Howell J. Williams, J. P.. L.t'.C. 

iNconroinTKi) Ciifiwii Hvii.niNr. Society. 
— This society held its monthly meeting 
on Thurssday, the 20th inst., at the 
Society's House, 7, Dean's Yard, Westminster 
Abbey. Grants of money were made towards 
building new churches at Easiton, All Saints', 
Dorset,^ £225; and Unstone, vSt. Mary, near 
Sheffield, £80; rebuilding the church of St. 
-Mary, Sculcoates, Hull, £20; and towards 
repairing the churches at Dean, AH Hallows, 
Beds, £25 ; Mount, Holv Cross, Cards. 
£40; Rotherhithe, Holy' Trinity, £30; 
Scredington, St. Andrew, Lines, £25; Win- 
thorpe, St. Marv. Lines, £25 ; and Witch- 
ford, St. Andrew, Cambs, £40. The follow- 
ing grants were also paid lor works com- 
pleted : — Llandrillo-vn-Rhus, St. (Jeorge, N. 
Wales, £225; Breadsall, All Saints', Derby. 
£100 ; Sutton-in-Holderness, St. Michael and 
All Angels, £100; Wigginton, St. Giles, 
Oxon, £10; Hoxton, St. Anne, £100; Small 
Heath, St. Gregorv, Birmingham, £120; 
Gorse Hill. St. Peter, Manchester, £150; 
Newton-in-Makerfield, All Saints, Lanes, 
£170 : and Llangammarch Wells, St. Cad- 
march. Biccon. £100. In addition to this, 
the sum of £1(>2 was paid towards the repair 
of six churches from trust funds held by the 

" i-^mmm—* 


Bovle's latest patent " Air-Punip " ventila- 
tors "have been adopted fo.r Newton Park 
Schools, Ayr. 

Mesers. WiiliKam Shepherd and Sons. Ltd., 
Rochdale, are to lay their " Reli " asphalt 
concrete in numerous playgrounds in the Bir- 
mingham and Warwick districts. 

The two most e.ssential features of a wino 
cellar are uniformity of temperature and dry- 
ness. Dampness rots the corks and affects the 
taste of the wine. Probably tlie rea.'ion is 
owina to cork being so absorptive, and to uie 
fact that bottles lay for years in the cellar to 
mature the wine. We hear that a leakaj,p m 
the floor of the wine cellar at Berkeley tastle 
has been cured with a rendering of Pudioed 



Bristol. — At a meeting of the National 
Building Trades' Conciliation Board, held in 
London on Friday last, specially convened for 
the purpose of dealing with the question of 
operatives engaged in' the building trade of 
Bristol, an advance of one halfpenny per hour 
was awarded to all sections concerned. This 
advance is to be retrospective as from July 1, 



The German Gynnrisium, Pancras Road. 
Kinn-'s Cross, was sold on Monday at the 
Marl Tokenhouse Yard, for £4,000, the pur- 
chaser being Mr. W. J. Cooper, builder and 
decorator, of Matilda Street, Barnsbury. 

Mr. F. W. Tillotson. who for the past 
twelve years has held tlie position of deputy 
surveyor and sanitary inspector to the Elland 
Urban District Council, has been appointed to 
the |K)St of surveyor under the Birstall Urban 
District Council. 

The death took place on Saturday, at his 
residence in England's Lane, Hampstead, of 
Mr. James Shaw C'rompton, E.I., aged sixty- 
tliree. He exhibited at the Royal Academy. 
New Gallery, and elsewhere, and one of his 
pictures was purchased 'or the permanent 
collection at Liverpool, his birthplace. He 
also did much book illustration. He was a 
vice-president of the Selborne Society and a 
former chairman of the Langham Sketching 

Captain H. J. Simkin, Liverpool Regiment, 
who was killed on the 14th inst. in Picardy. 
was the eldest son of the late G. S. Simkin, 
C.E., and Mrs. Simkin, of Princes Park Man- 
sions. Croxteth Road, Liverpool. An Austra- 
lian by birth, he was educated at Bedford 
Grammar School, and was an architect in Liver- 
pool. In 1908 he joined King Edward's Horse, 
then known as the King's Colonials. Shortly 
after the outbreak of war he received a com- 
mission in the Liverpool Regiment, and for the 
last ten months had been at the front. 

(Bm (Df&ce f abk. 

We regret to learn that Mr. John Dihiee 
Crace, F.S.A., Hon. A.R.I.H.A., the Pre- 
sident of the Incorporated Institute of 
British Decorators, has been in a poor 
state of health for the last three 
months. About the beginning of June 
the rupture of a small blood-ves.sel sud- 
denly deprived .Mr. Cra<e of sight, and he is 
now confined to the house under orders to 
keep extremely quiet to avoid any repetition 
of such a mishap. His many friends will 
join with us in wishing for Mr. Crace speedy 

Athelhampton Hall and Estate of 125 acres, 
near Puddletown. Dorset, were brought by Sir 
Howard Frank (Messrs. Knight. Frafik and 
Rutley) under the hammer at 20. Hanover 
.Square, W., on Thursday. The estate was 
bought in at £50.000. We" illustrated the hall, 
one of the most perfect examples of its class, 
ill our issues of the 5th inst. and last week. 

The Dublin Corporation discussed on Mon- 
day the report of the deputation appointed by 
the Council to Mr. Asquith with reference to 
the question of compensation for loss of pro- 
peitv during the recent rebellion. The report 
stated that the Premier was sympathetic and 
promised to apjiroach the Treasury with a 
view to granting the necessary assistance by 
way of a loan to be repaid by the citizens to 
the Treasury through the Corporation over a 
number of years. The report was adopted. 
Plans for rebuilding a number of houses in 
the ruined area, recommended by the Paving 
Committee, were also approved. 

In February last the Metropolitan W'ater 
Board- authorised an expenditure of £1,000 in 
respect of repairs to the Board's property at 
Ferry Lane. Black Box Sluice and Flanders 
Weir flood gates, northern district, owing to 
damage caused by floods in the Lee Valley a 
few weeks previously, the work to be done 
by the board's staff. Owing to the absence 
of reliable data as to the extent of tha 
damage to be repaired the board were in- 
formed that'ttie estimate of £1.000 might be 
exceeded. At their meeting on Friday, this 
supposition was verified, for the board re- 
ceived a report from their chief engineer 
pointing out that the works will include th& 
reconstruction of the tail of Flanders Weir 
(flood gates) so as to make the weir safe, and 
permanent work for the discharge of flood 
water, the diversion of the effluent channel 
bv a new 42-in. pipe and (with a view to ren- 
dering safe the head of the main eastern 
supply channel in the immediate neighbour- 
hood 'of the flood gates), cutting a new chan- 
nel and dredging the existing channel below 
the 200-ft.' w-eir'and other necessary works, 
and that the cost will amount to about 
£6.000. The further estimate of £5.000 
approved, and it was decided that the neces- 
sary work be carried out by the chief en- 
gineer, either by the board's employees, or 
under contracts or by direct labour as may 
prove expedient. 

ilr. W'. J. Steele, the city engineer for 
Newcastle, in his annual report, says : — The 
number of dwellings erected during the year 
leach flat being counted as a separate dwell- 
ing) was 100, the lowest recorded since 1882. 
of the total number erected. 72 per cent, were 
self-contained houses and 28 per cent, flats. 
The number of unoccupied houses of a habit- 
able nature has further declined during the 
year. In February. 1915. there were 152, 
whereas in Februaiv. 1916, there were only 
85, which was about 0.16 per cent, of the total 
number of houses in the city. Very little 
progress has been made in the three town- 
planning schemes, but in the case of Are.i. 
No. 2 (Walker and part of Heaton) an im- 
portant decision has been made by providing 
that the scheme should include part of a road 
which would form a direct route lietween the 
city and the coast. If the neighbouring 
authorities included the remaining parts of 
the road in their schemes, then, instead of the 
present tortuous and narrow roads yvith heavy 
gradients in some places, the new road would 
be a direct line commencing at Chillingham 
Road, passing through Longbenton and Walls- 

July 26, 1916. 



«nd. and terminating at Queen Alexandra 
Eoad, Tyneniouth. 

In future none but a British subject may 
a^n as a director of the Welsbach Light Co", 
Ltd. At an extraordinary aeneral meelin" 
of the company last WedneseTay, a resolution 
to this effect was passed by the shareholders. 
and the articles of association are to be 
amended accordingly. The resolution made 
it imperative that every director should make 
a declaration and, if so required, produce 
«vidence satisfactory to the Board that he 
is a British subject. Another resolution 
■was passed to the effect that no person, man 
or woman, unless he or she be a British born 
■subject, under the British flag, .should hold 
any position of trust or any official position 
in the company whatever. 

The fifth ordinai-j- general meeting of the 
British Portland Cement Co., Ltd., will be 
lield on Monday next at WincJiester House, 
Old Broad Street, E.C., at 2.30 p.m.. when 
it will be announced that the net profit dur- 
ing the year ending April 30 la-st, ijicludinc 
a balance of £70,766 18s. 2d., and deducting 
directors' fees, debenture deprecia- 
tion, income tax, etc.. anujunted to 
£199,258 18s. 8d. Of this the interim divi- 
dend paid June 31, 1916, absorbed £35,400, 
leaving £163.858 IBs. 8d., and the directors 
recommend a final dividend on the preference 
shares to April 30, 1916, absorbing £35,400, 
and 4 per cent, per annum for the year end- 
ing April 30. 1916, on the ordinary shares, 
amounting to £55,304 17s. 7d., carrying for- 
■ward £73.154 Is. Id. The company's busi- 
ness has been carried on under conditions of 
exceptional difficulty throughout the period 
covered. The demand for cement has sub- 
stantially diminished, owing to the decrease 
in building operations other than those re- 
quired for Government purposes. Produc- 
tion luas been limited, and the cost of manu- 
facture greatly increased by the continued 
scarcity and dearness of fuel and labour, 
and the curtailment of shipping and railway 
faculties has also proved an adverse factor. 
In these circum.staiices the shareholders wiJl 
doubtless regard the financial results of the 
year's trading as satisfactory. 

There is considerable difference of opinion 
as to the speed of woodworking machinery, 
and machinery of this type is often run at 
too low a speed for the best efficiency. 
Woodworking machinery requires compara- 
tively high power, owing to the fact that it 
should be run at a high speed, and, while the 
material cut is so much softer than that cut 
in metal-working machinery, the amount of 
material removed per minute is so much 
greater that the power for machines of ap- 
proximately the .same size does not differ 
materially. A properly driven circular saA-, 
according to the RaUway and Locomotive 
PV'Jm^^' ^^°'^^'^ ■■"" at a peripheral speed 
"kit ''"^' P^"" ""'"Ute— nearly a mile and 
a-half. A handsaw is run at about half that 
speed. Planing machine cutters have a speed 
at the edge of 6,000 feet per minute, as the 
cutters of moulding machinery trim out 
material at about 4.000 feet "per minute. 
Wood-carvmg drills run at 5,000 revolutions 
per minute. Augers 1^ inch in diameter are 
run at 900 revolutions per minute, and those 
half that .«ize are run at 1.200 revolutions per 
'"'"^'*"- Mortising machine cutters make 
about 300 strokes per minute. 

Buildings in Naples and in the southern 
part of Italy generally are of "tufa," a .soft 
or porous stone. The walls are, as a rule. 
from 1 ft. to 4 ft. in thickness, and are treated 
externally with stucco work. Strips and laths 
are not used for interior work, but the wall 
to be pla-stered is first thoroughly wet, and 
the first coat of plaster is then applied, having 
nothing to adhere to except the tufa. Later 
the putty coat is applied. It is doubtful if 
there is an opportunity at present for the sale 
of expanded metal laths in the vicinity of 
Naples. Cement, however, for building "pur- 
poses is coming gradually into use. the last 
figures available .showing that in 1914 2.392 
tons were importe<l into Xaplos, compared 
with 1.721 tons in 1913. 


The death is announced of Mr. Louis P. 
Nott, contractor, of Bristol. 


Mr. J. Berry, building surveyor to the Drif- 
lield Urban District Council, has resigned. 

Mr. W. J. Tait. borough surveyor of Sud- 
bury. West iSuffoik, iias been promoted to a 
captaincy in tho Royal Engineers. 

Mr. H. Percy Monckton, C.C, F.R.I.B.A. 
F.S.I., 52. Walbrook. E.C. has been presented 
with a silver salvor and inkstand by the Port 
Sanitary Authority in recognition of his ser- 
vices as chairman. 

Mr. Frederick G. Fitch. J. P.. has been elected 
the Master, and Mr. Frederick Sutton, J.P., Mr. 
Ernest T. Pullein. and Mr. William T. Birts 
have been appointeil the Wardens of the Carpen- 
ters' Company for the forthcoming year. 

The electricity committee of the corporation 
of Loughborough have been authorised to apply 
to the Local Government Board for sanction to 
borrow £7,000 for laying an electric cable to 
the works of the Brush Electrical Engineerin; 

The Adelphi Hotel in South Anne Street, 
Dubhn. is being reconstructed and enlarged by 
the absorption of seven adjoining houses. Mr. 
T F. 'McNamara, Great Brunswick Street. Dub- 
lin, is the architect, and the builders are Messrs. 
O'Rafferty and iMcGahon, of the same city. 

The City Corporation endorsed on Thursday 
an arrangement for acquiring all interests in 
the ground needed to widen the public way in 
front of 119. 120. 122, and 122a, Leadenhall 
Street, for the sum of £2.900, subject to the 
London County Council agreeing to contribute 
half the net cost of the improvement. 

Thq Chertsey Urban District Council have 
been informed by tho Local Government Board 
that their application for sanction to a loan 
of £11.000 for a scheme for works of sewage 
disposal has been favourably considered, and 
that, subject to a settlement of certain en- 
gineering details, the sanction would, under 
ordinary circumstances, have been given. 

Major G. Diitton Walker, of the Sherwood 
Foresters, reported on Saturday as seriously 
wounded in action, held a commission in the 
Territorial Army, and obtained the rank of 
major two months ago. Major Walker, whose 
home is at Blackpool, was formerly engaged 
in the Surveyor's ^Department of the Manches- 
ter Town Hall. He rejoined his old regiment 
in October, 1914. 

Experiments made by the United States 
Bureau of Standards ajipear to show that 4 
per cent, of calcium chloride added to the 
mixing w-ater increases the strength of con- 
crete at the age of one day 100 per cent, or 
more. In some cases the strength of the con- 
crete in which calcium chloride was used at 
the age of two days represented an increase 
of 75 por cent, or more on the strength nor- 
mally attained in one month. 

Relative to the arrangement with the Post 
Office for widening St. Martin's-le-Grand. Gres- 
ham Street, and Cheapside (adjoining Sweet- 
ing's), the Improvements and Finance Commit- 
tee submitted, on behalf of H.M. Office of 
Works, at Thursday's meeting of the City Cor- 
poration, a proposed modification of the line of 
frontage opposite Newgate Street and in 
Gresham Street, already agreed to two days pre- 
viously by the London County Council. The 
Court approved the modification, and passed a 
resolution accordingly. 

The death has just taken place in Holland, 
at the age of thirty, of the promising Belgian 
sculptor and painter, M. Rik Wouters, whose 
bronze statue "' Attitude " attracted attention 
at the Royal Academy last year, as did his 
portrait bu.sts at the Grosvenor Gallery. When 
Bi'Igium was invade:! Wouters was among the 
first to be called to the colours, and tqok part 
in the defence of Liege and Antwerp. Since 
then he has been interned near Amsterdam, 
where he died after a long illness. Wouter's 
tcchniiiuc was marked by extreme boldness. 
His untimely death is a great loss to art. 

Lieutenant Sydney P. Hannam, R.F.A., was 
killed on July 11 by a shell whilst trying to 
keel") up telephonic communication with a post 
in a newly-captured position. Twenty-four 
years of age. ho was educated at Berkbam- 
stod School, and afterwards went through the 
engineering at the City and Guilils 
Technical College. He was gazetted to the 
.Special Reserve of OHicers in 1913. In 1914 
he went to Canada on the engineering staff of 
Sir .John Jackson. Limited, but was recalled 
on tho outbreak c)f tho war, and was sent to 
France with a batterry of the R.F.A., with 
which he took part in both battles of X^M^v^; 
Chapelle. gaining the Military Cross in tho 
second action for conspicuous gallantry whilst 
acting as forward observing officer. 

The Local Government Board have sanc- 
tionetl tho borrowing by the city council of 
Hereford of £18,000 for electricity connec- 

A cinema theatre is about to ibe built at 
Burnliani-on-Crouch irom plans by Messrs. 
Whitmoro and Pertwee, of London Road. 

Mr. Claud William Dennis, architect and 
surveyor, Pellatt Grove, Wood Green, iX.. 
took up the freedom of the City of London 
at the meeting of the Court of Common Coun- 
cil on Thursday. 

A faculty has been granted to the wardens 
of St. Mary's Church. Ilford. to enlarge the 
edifice by tfie addition of a new chancel, sanc- 
tuary, side chapel, and vestries. The cost is 
estimated at £4,000. 

Second Lieutenant M. J. Homing, of the 
Royal Berks Regiment, previously reported 
missing, now stated to have been killed on July 
1, was engaged before the war in the Wycombe 
office of the Land Valuation Department. 

The Treasury have agreed to grant the 
Water Committee of the Burnley Town Coun- 
cil a sum of £32,000 towards the of put- 
ting the Hurstwood reservoir, which is now 
in course of construction, in a safe condition. 

The corporation of Morecambe have decided 
to purchase the Poulton Hall estate, covering 
nearly three acres, with grounds and build- 
ings, which belonged to the late town clerk, 
as a site for a town hall and other municipal 

Mr. 'Blackett. the barrister who has been ap- 
pointed Royal Commissioner to inquire into the 
administration of tiie Home Affairs Department 
of the Australian Commonwealth, is now tak- 
ing evidence on the question as to whether 
public money has been wasted in the building 
of the Federal Capital at Canberra. 

The brass gates erected at the entrance to 
the sanctuary of St. Jude's-on-the-Hill, Hamp- 
stead Garden Suburb, unveiled by the Prin- 
cess Louise on Sunday in Last week, were 
designed by Mr. H. A. Welch, A.R.I.B.A., 
of New Square, Lincoln's Inn, who also de- 
signed tho lectern in the same church, illus- 
trated in our issue of July 14, 1914. The 
church itself has been built from plans by 
Mr. Edwin L. Lutyens, A.R.A. 

Second-Lieutenant Charles Kingsley Howe, 
Berkshire Regiment, who fell on July 1, was 
the fifth son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Foster Howe, 
of Fairhaven, Lewes. He was a member of 
the teaching staff of the Goldsmiths' College 
Art School, and an exhibitor at the Inter- 
national Society of Sculptors, Painters, and 
Gravers. He joined the Artists Rifles in Sep- 
tember. 1914. went to the front with them in 
Januarj-. 1915, and received his commission 
last September. 

Lieutenant H. J. Haffner, formerly the 
senior member of the firm of Messrs. Haffner 
and Wartell, civil engineers, Victoria, British 
Columbia, has been killed in action. Lieu- 
tenant Haffner was in charge of the machine 
gun section of the 48th Battalion, which left 
Victoria last June, but. on account of his 
expert engineering knowledge, he was trans- 
ferred to the Corps of Engineers on reacliing 
this country. He was engaged in the con- 
struction of the Winjlermere Road in British 
Columbia. He was thirty-five years of age. 

The Port of London Authority have com- 
pleted the widening and deepening of the en- 
trance to the East India Import t)ock. The 
entrance, which was built to meet the require- 
ments of the old East Indiamen. was so nar- 
row and of such a shape that the dock was 
inaccessible to anything larger- than a 500 or 
600 ton steamer. When the present works are 
completed it will be possible to admit steamers 
of 8.000 tons. The construction of new two- 
storey sheds at the London (Western) Dock, the 
enlargement of the sheds at the West India 
Dock, and the provision of new sheds at the 
South-West India Dock are also in progress. 

The London County Council decided at their 
last meeting, on the recommendation of the 
Improvements Committtee. to inform the 
Prime Minister and the President of the Local 
Government Board that the council ireserved 
its opinion as to the relative importance and 
urgency of the proposed arterial roads within 
the county of London in comparison with other 
road improvement proposals affecting the 
county. Mr. Andrew T. Taylor, F.R.I.B.A.. in 
proposing the recommendation, explained that 
the committee's fear was that the Govern- 
ment might be induced to give to these schemes 
and then say they had no money to hand to 
the council for more urgent proposals within 
tho county. 



July 26. li»lU. 

The Ejkit !>iis»i-x tV>umy (.Vmiicil havi- do- 
oidixl to sj>oikI £15.000 on juifoct-nij-iint: miiiii 
roads, under tho dir<Hiioii of tiicir couiUy »ur- 
voyor. Air. F. J. Wood. 

Tho lilt* Mr. Timothy Sniith. of 58. Hi(;h 
Strc«-t. ilarloMlon, N.W., formerly cif Mmior 
Terrace, Ilurleaden. biiilder and draper, left 
personalty amounting to £33,201. 

A Binall collection of plaster oastg from 
selit-tiyl German war in<xlals, political, com 
mcmorative, ami .satirical, is now on view in 
the East Hall of tlic Victoria and AUhti 
Museum, just to the rig'ht of tJio main 

Tile electric lighting committee of the Edin- 
burgh Town Council recommend the accept- 
ance of a tender for adtlitions to M'Donald 
Rna<l Power Station amounting to over £1,300. 
The a<Klitions have bivn neccfsary owing to 
(he jncrehsed heavy output. 

-Mr. Singleton Goodwin, county surveyor of 
Kerry, has lost his only son. Lieutenant W. 
-A. Delays Goodwin, who was killed in action. 
Lieutenant Goodwill, who was in his twenty- 
third year, obtained a commission in tlip 
Yorkshire and Lancashire Regiment, and was 
signalling officer to his battalion at the time 
of his death, 

MK David Maobean, architect in the Master 
of Works Office, Glasgow, who resided at 8, 
Park Terrace. Queen's Park, die<l suddenly on 
Saturday at Kingussie, where he was on holi- 
day. He wa* the son of an Invemese farmer, 
and had been thirty-nine in the service 
of Glasgow Corporation. He is survived by a 
widow and two daiightere. 

The decision of the authorities to make 
Bradford a centre for the provision of work- 
ahops for woun<ied soldiers under the Earl 
Kobejrts's Memorial Scheme is already taking 
shape, antl the Providence Mill, Manchester 
Road, has been secured for the purpcse. It is 
to be specially equipi>ed for the employment 
of 600 wounded soldiers in suitable occupa- 

We regret to state that ilr. Alfred Saxon 
Snell, F.R.I.B.A., of Bentinck Street, Man- 
chester Square, W.C, and Cranford, Cook- 
ham Dean, Berks, and Mrs. Saxon Snell have 
su6taine<l a severe bereavement in the death 
of their only son, Second-Lieutenant Frank 
Saxon Snell. B.A.Oanita.b, Royal Berkshires, 
who was killed in action on the 11th inst., 
aged twenty-nme. 

Private Hew Edwards Browne, youngest 
son of Mi. G. Washington Browne, R.S.--^., 
architect, of Edinburgh, has been killed. He 
waa in one of the battalions of the Royal 
Scots, and was twenty-one years of age. An 
elder brother, Second-Lieutenant George 
Brownlie Browne^ Black Watch, w-as killed in 
action early in the year, and there is a third 
brother serving with the Canadian Con- 

Plans for the new Customs House and ex- 
amining warehouse, to be erected in Toronto, 
have been recently received in the city. The 
new building, which will be erected on the 
site of the present Customs House, and which 
will be of hreproof construction, will be seven 
stories high, and will face on From Street, 
covering an acre of ground. It will be of 
grey granite, finished with Tymdall limestone. 
Seventeen three-quarter Doric columns, 7 ft, 
in diameter and 67 ft. in height from the base 
to the top of the cap, will adorn the front, 
and three more may be added if the building 
is extended westward later. 

Lieutenant J. Frederick Venmore, of the 
Royal Welsh Fusiliers, who has been killed 
in action, w-as the second son of Mr. James 
Venmore, of Livei-pool. He was twenty-eight 
years of age, and was e^:lucated at the Liver- 
pool College and at Mill Hill School. He 
subsequently studied architecture at the Liver- 
pool Univei^ity. and was engaged in that pro- 
fession until the outbreak of war. Enlisting 
as a private in the Liverpool "Pals," he ce- 
ceived his commission in the Royal Welsh 
Fusiliers in December, 1914. Lieutenant Ven- 
more had been awarded the Military Cross 
for conspicuous braverj' in the field. 

Three months ago ilr. A. V. Paton, a Liver- 
pool cotton merchant, purchased and pre- 
sented to the National Trust a piece of land 
on Thurstaston Hill, near West Kirby, as a 
memorial to his brother. Captain ilorton 
Brovra Paton, and other Wirral men who fell 
in the war. The area comprised in the gift 
was 273 acres fronting the CaJdy and Frankby 
roa^. This week ^Ir. Paton and two other 
merchants have bought and given to the Trust 
an additional area of sixty-one acres of land 
lying to the eastward of that previously 
secured. Practically the whole of the unculti- 
vated portion of the common is now preserved 
from building operations. 



IlfHilntiarUTs. Cluster lloiiw. K»vU'>t">ii l»lao*-. 

OltUKKS FOH AliJIST. Ifllfi. ilY l.lKrT.-COL. 

C. B. (LAY. V.n.. COMMANUlNtJ. 

iHiart-tTs will lif 4l*vso<l (liiriiiR August txcepl on 
Tufuday i-vi-ninds. Tlii' r:in»;c- will \w open on Thur.*-- 
tl.iy fVfiiinn' only. On tht*>f «-v«ninRs Uk' Serpt-ant- 
Maior will taki- cliarci' :nul he rt.>ti>iKm.>'il>U' for the 
niaintviKtme of order and discipline. IUttuK* are 
iirted to tiiiie advunt-acf of this arrangement for 
drill ami >liootinc. 

INsriMlTION CLASSES.— Instruction cla-<s<s at 
Keniii'V street will be held as usual for Platooiyi 
Nos. 9 'and 10. 

CAMl*."Thc Camp at Otford will \k' available 
until Aiicii>t 31. Members wb;hing to at-tend should 
enter their names at Headquartvr.s on the shtnt pro- 
vide<i for tJie purpose. The cost will be alM)iit 3.>-. 
per day. Memt»ers should provide them-ielves with 
two blxnket^■i. knife, fork, spoon, plat*, mug, and a 
^pare p:iir of lKX>t-s. 

KNTRKNCHIXG. — As many memlxTS ^n.« possible 
should endeavour to att-end the Sunday Entrenching 
Parades in order that the work to be done may be 
4<)nipleted as expeditiously as possible. Parade in 
uniform, as usual, at Victoria Station (S.E. and C. 
Kly.). Booking Office, 8.45 a.m. .MemluTs are re- 
minded that tiiis work is of national importance, and 
therefore all who are able to put in (Saturdays or 
o<-ca,4onal weekdays are urfied to do so. They are 
reminded thnt they can obtain railway vouchers 
from the booking i-krk by showing their cap badges. 
By order. 


July 21. 1916. 

. ^^^mmm^^ 


Wednesday <To-day).— National Federation of Build- 
ing Trades Employers. Half-Yearly 
Meeting. Old Ship Hot-el, Brighton. 
10 a.m. 

S\Ti'RD\Y (July 39).— Institution of Municipal and 
"County Engineers. Eastern District 
Meeting at Sheringham. " Nine Years 
\Vork at Sheringham," by F. Hall 
Smith. 16.30 p.m. Inspection of 
Coast Prot-ection Work and Visitors' 
Shelters. 3.30 p.m. 

Institution of Municipal and County 
Engineers. South-Western District 
Meeting at Exraouth. Inspection of 
Sea Wall and Carriageway, Marine 
Parade. 3 p.m. 


The First Lord of th^ Treasury has appointed 
Mr. Charles John Holmes, director of the 
National Portrait Gallery, to be director of 
tho National Gallery. 

The borough surveyor of Wallsend, Mr. G. 
Hollinars. has received instructions to prce^d 
with tho town-planning scheme, and to obtain 
expert assistance if necessary. 

A sale ring and sheds for ninety-six cattle 
are about to be built in the Cattle Market at 
Skipton. The architect is Mr. J. \V. Brough- 
ton. of High Street, Skipton. 

The Local Government Board have sanc- 
tioned the borrowins: by the rural di&trict 
council of Upton-on-Severn of £1.541 for tlie 
extension of the sewage disposal works at 

A sum of £1,500 is to be expended by the 
Croydon Town Council on the completion of 
works at the South Norwood Sewage Farm, in 
order to coi>e with the increa&ed volume of 

Three bays of the nave of the new church 
of St. Michael's, All Angels, BeanoonsHold. 
which we illustrated in our issue of March 12. 
1915. with temporary east end, were dedicated 
by the Bishop of Buckingham on Saturday. 
July 15. The w-ork has been carried out hy 
Messrs. Franklin, builders, of Dedington. at 
a cost of about £3,800. The architect is Mr. 
Geo. H. Fellowes Pryne. F.R.I.B.A. 

The ^lontreal ComLmittee on Public ^lonu- 
ments has suggested to the city council that 
aa aesthetic committee be organised for Mon- 
treal, and that no building pei'mit should ho 
granted until the plans are accepted by the 
committee. The latter is to have the power of 
deciding on the building line, the height and 
materials of the edifice, as well as the de- 
signs of the facades on the principal city 

Winkslcy Church, dedicated to St. Cuthbert 
and St. Oswald, has been ]iulled down, and is 
now being replaced by a new edifice, at the 
expense of the Dowager Lady Furness. of 
Grantley Hall. It is said that there was a 
church at Winksley In Saxon times; there was 
a church tliere before Fountains Abbey was 
built, and in 1502 Marmaduke de Huhy, the 
Aljbot of Foimtains. rebuilt the church at his 
own expense. In 1822 that church was rebuilt 
with stone taken from Fountains Abbey by 
the Rev. John Gates, to whose momorv there 
was erected in the church a mai'hle tablet. 


We do not hold ourselves responsible (or tbe opintoiM 
of our correspondents. All communications should 
be drawn up as briefly a.s poi^sib.e, us there are 
many claimants upon tbe space allotted to 

It is particularly requested that all drawings and 
all communications respecting illustrations or literary 
matter, books for review, etc., itbould be addn-ue<i 
to the Editor of the Building News, EfDnghaai 
House, 1, Arundel Street, Strand, W.C.. and not to 
members of the stafl by name. Delay is not infre- 
quently otherwise caused. All drawings and other 
communications are sent at contributors' risks, and 
the Editor will not undertake to pay for, or be liable 
for, unsought contributions. 

When favouring us with drawings or photograph*, 
architects are asked kindly to state how long tbe 
building has be«n erected. It does neither them dot 
us much good to illustrate buildings which have becti 
some time executed, except under special circum- 

•■•Drawings of selected competition designs, im- 
portant public and private buildings, details of old 
and new work, and good sketches are always wel- 
come, and for such no charge is made for insertion. 
Of more commonplace subjects, small churches, 
chapels, houses, etc. — we have usually fur more sen*. 
than we can insert, but are glad to do so when space 
permits, on mutually advantageous terms, which 
may be ascertained on application. 
Telephone: Gerrard 1291. 
Telegrams: *' Timeserver. Estrand, London." 

Bound Copies of Vol. CX. will be ready shortly, and 
should t>e ordered e*rly iprice 12$. each, by po^t 
12s. lOd.), as only a limited number are done up. 
A few tiound volumes of Vols. XXXIX., XLI., 

xcviii.. xcix., c, CI., cii., cm., civ.. cv.» 

CVI.. evil.. CVIII.. and CIX. may still iye ob- 
tained at the same price ; aU the other bound 
volumes are out of print. 

Most of the back issues are to be had abigly. 
All back issues over one month old will be charged 
6d. each, postage Id. Subscribers requiring back 
numbers should order at once, as they soon run out 
of print. 

Received.— M. and Co.— R. W. C— C. W. H.— 
1. L. 6. Co., Ltd.— A. and M., Ltd.— A. iD. 0. 
and Son— 1. iF. Co., Ltd.— W. H. S. and Son— 
\. A —v.. Ltd.— A. H. and Son— S. L. H. for 
\\\—Y. E. P. Co.— C. A. y. 

Colonel F.— Thanks, yes. 

P. A. S. I.— We believe not. 

CiRIOlS.— Xeedles.sly so, we fancy. 

F.MRLICHT.— We agree with every word you write, 
and if you put your name to it. will risk jointly 
the possible consequences of publication ; but we 
cannot do eo alone. 

Thb Only Wat.— Readers, and they are not a few, 
■who complain of being unable to obtain chance 
copies of this journal at newsagents' and book- 
stalls are assured it is no fault of ours. Month 
by month the price of paper is still rising, and 
the difficulty of obtaining it is increasing. Under 
these circumstances it is impossible for us to 
supply the trade with overplus copies, or for 
them to stock them, only to have them left on 
their hands as returns. The only way to secure 
regular delivery, therefore, is for readers to sub- 
scribe direct to the office, or to place a regular 
order with their neAvsapent or bookstall. To 
readers v.ho are distant from such, or whose 
newsagents or booksellers then fail to bupply. 
we win send the paper while the war la.^t£. j-ost 
free, direct from the otRce. for 4.i. ]*eT copy, 
or 4?. 4d. per quarter, prepaid. 

The Australian Red Cross Society hae de- 
cided to ereot marble cross toml)st-onos over 
the graves of alJ Australian soldiers buried in 
Egypt. The stones will bear an inscription 
showing the name. rank, and unit of the 
soldier, also hie age and date of death. 

The Dean and Chapter of Norwich intend, on 
the restoration of peace, to put forward a pro- 
posal to rebuild the Founders' CliapeL which 
once stood east of the cathedral apse, in the 
position usuallv occupied by the Lady-chapel, 
as a memoriaf to Norfolk sailors and soldiers 
who have fallen in the war. Plans have already 
been drawn bv Sir C Nicholson. Bari, 

An episcopal throne of carved oak. bearing' 
the inscription: "To the glory of God. and 
in memorv" of James. Moorhouse, D.D.. Litt.D., 
Honorary Fellow of St. John's Colletre, Cam- 
bridge, Bishop of Melbourne 1876-1886. Bishop 
of Manchester 1886-1903." was dedic^ited_ in 
Manchester Cathedral on Thursday evening. 
The memorial has been executed by Messrs. 
Bowman and .Sons, of Stamford. 


August 2, 1916. 

Volume CXI. -No. 3213. 



Efflng'ham House, 


Currcnte Calanio 

Time and Money 

Morden College, Blackheath 

Balsa Wood and Its Properties 

The London County Council 



Legal Intelligence 
Our Otllce Tahle 



Latest Prices 114 

Chips 115 

To .4rms 115 

Tenders 115 

List of Tenders Open 116 

Poliok House, Pollokshaws. Renfrewshire, N.B., ex- 
tensions and new terraces, for Sir John Stilling 
Maxwell, Bart. Sir E. Eowand Anderson, LL.D., 

Strand, "W.C. 

F.E.S.E.. F.R.I.B..\., Hoyal Gold Medallist, 1910. 

The Cardiff Empire, Queen Street, Cardiff. The 
Facade and the Motif of the Auditorium and 
Proscenium. Plan and section, with details of 
the figure frieze Tound the theatre. Messrs. Wil- 
liam and T. R. Milburn, FF.R.I.B.A., Architects. 

New Master's House and Classrooms. Cambridge, 
Elevations and plans. Mr. H. Reginald Poulter, 

dnvxtnU Calamo. 
— > * * — 

We hoiic any reader who dues not see 
the Daily Telegnipli regularly will get 
yesterday's issue of that journal, always 
the niost readable, and especially just now 
the fairest and most level-headed of the 
moraing papers, and study Mr. Ernest 
Newton's admirable article on " Improve- 
ments that Pay." With a lucidity and 
emphasis which will appeal to the man in 
the street more forcibly than the efforts 
of ourselves from time to time to drive 
home the same lesson the President of the 
R.I.B.A. shows convincingly that, as 
John Burns said, "Beauty is not only 
pleasing to the eye and consoling to the 
mind m a great city. It pays in solid 
cash." We have often wished we were 
millionaires or could induce such to re- 
build the squalid districts of London and 
replace the ugly and obsolete business 
establishments therein, and the out-of- 
date and hideous residential slums fast 
degenerating into decay by buildings of 
quiet, restrained character, but replete 
with the dignity which good proportions 
and good workmanship gave to the build- 
ings of the seventeenth and eighteenth 
centuries, such as are to be seen in the 
Temple, Lincoln's Inn, and the quiet back- 
waters of Westminster. Such an enter- 
prise would reward those able to pursue 
it with wealth beyond the idreams of 
avarice, if only, warned by Mr. Lloyd 
ileorge's mistake of 1909-10, future 
< 'hancellors of the Exchequer w ould re- 
frain from killing the goose that lays 
U'jlden eggs, and encourage rather than 
' xploit beneficial enterprise. 

We need hardly say we endorse and 
vouch for every word in the letter appear- 
ing elsewhere tB-day in our correspon- 
dence columns from Mr. Norman McKel- 
len, the secretary of tlie Jlanchestef and 
District House Builders' Association. We 
have more than once drawn attention to 
the shortage of houses in Manchester, and 
to the decreasing number built every year 
in that city since 1910, when the 
yearly average was about 2,900. 
Since then the annual number built has 
decreased rapidly every year to 748. The 
cant ciy in Manchester and elsewliere is 
that "private enterprise has ceased," and 
that the State and local authorities must 
take on the job. We have repeatedly 

pointed out tvliy 'private enterprise has 
ceased," and wished the taxpayer and the 
ratepayer joy of any State or municipal 
attempt to supply the private builder's 
shortcomings if he is to be subject to 
the unfair taxation and harassing inter- 
ference which has paralysed him and 
alienated capital. Once again we assure- 
all interested, voters presently, especially 
when this Government goes to .the country, 
that nothing more is necessary to restore 
the building industry to healthy anima- 
tion, and to remedy the jiresent lack of 
houses all over the Kingdom, than to re- 
instate projaerty in its proper position as 
the safest and most remunerative security 
for investors that can be found. That 
done, the housing question will settle it- 
self, with profit to all and loss to none. 

The State is accustoming us to expendi- 
ture in billions, and we are piling up 
debt that the next five generations at least 
will find it hard to wipe off. If anybody 
expects, in the face of this, that the State 
will find £150,000,000 to make up the 
shortage of liouses to date, and after that 
quite £30,000,000 yearly to maintain the 
number of houses needed by the natural 
inci'ease in population, he must be as 
sanguine as Lord Haldane was about -the 
peaceful intentions of Germany before the 
war, or Mr. Birrell about the loyalty of 
the Sinn Feiners before the rebellion ! It 
is the urgent duty of all to take up this 
matter and force the next Government to 
leave builders and property owners free 
to remedy the mischief our present rulers 
have worked. Nothing more is asked than 
to leave us alone, and once more the 
second great group of industries' in the 
realm will be busy, to the benefit of labour 
and the comfort of all in a degree only 
second and less vital to that conferred by 
peaceful and prosperous Agriculture. We 
are glad to know that Mr. McKellen is 
arranging for an important and influen- 
tial conference to be held in Manchester 
at an early date, and we appeal to every 
reader to help him make it a really prac- 
tical business-like gatliering. 

The Ministry of Munitions have (as we 
announced in our issue of June 28, p. 615) 
appointed Mr. Ernest Newton, A.R.A., 
the President of the Royal Institute of 
British Architects, to act in an advisory 
capacity in the granting of the licences 

which are now necessary to begin or com- 
plete any building, the cost of which ex- 
ceeds £500, in which the use of construc- 
tional steel is involved. The Council of 
the National Federation of Building 
Trades have informed the Ministry of 
Munitions that they fully recognise that 
therequii'ements of the State may necessi- 
tate the stoppage of certain works, and 
requested, as important technical and 
financial points are often involved, that 
the President of the Federation be also 
appointed in a similar capacity. The 
Ministry of Munitions have agreed to take 
into consideration all cases of material 
hardship. It is understood, in reference to 
the recent order regarding the suspension 
of building operations, that local contract 
work will not be stopped- before workmen 
employed on a job receive an assurance 
that their services are immediately re- 
quired elsewhere. Men transferred from 
London to areas where the wages paid are 
less than the Metropolitan rates will also 
receive consideration. Informal negotia- 
tions on the general question of suspen- 
sions are proceeding at the present time 
between the Building Trades Conciliation 
Board and the Ministry of Munitions. An 
inquiry on Monday at the Ministry of 
Munitions regarding the new Order in 
Council regulating building, elicited the 
information that work which was in pro- 
gress before July 20 need not be stopped 
pending the granting of a licence. Any 
building commenced before that date 
should be continued imtil such time as a 
licence should be definitely refused. There 
is no desire to restrict building unless a 
national purpose can be served. The prin- 
cipal purpose of the Ministry is to limit 
the use of structural steel, a further pur- 
pose being to assist the Ministry of Muni- 
tions in obtaining such building labour as 
is urgently required upon munition fac- 

S<ime of our contemporaries are getting- 
as jubilantly excited over- the rumoured 
intention of this Government to make the 
metric system compulsory as they were 
over " Summer time." and we shall not 
be surprised to see another Bill rushed 
through Parliament, benevolent in inten- 
tion, but silly, and indeed mischievous, in 
its method. We have many times pointed 
out that, whatever is to be said in favour 
of a decimal system of coinage, the French- 
metric system is an unscientific and arbi- 


Tin: iMii.Di.xc m:ws: Xu. -a-jv. 



trarv one. Nearly forty years ago we 
beuiiod renders to get and .study a little 
.sliillini; traet by the late Sir John Her- 
schel. which was published by L..ngiiians 
nt the time, on "The Yard, the Pendu- 
lum, and the Metre." If not olitainable 
now. it will be found in Sir John Jler- 
schels "Familiar Lectures on Scientific 
Subjects." which is accessible in any 
good library. Tlie Americans legali.^eil the 
optional use of the metric system just 
fifty years ago last May, and several 
attempts have been made since to make 
it compulsory ; but. so far. the opposition 
of all practical men has defeated them. 
The Americans know, and we know — who 
know anything at all about the matter — 
that the English inch is in many ways 
far superior to the metre as a measure -A 
length. For drawings made on the metric 
scale only seven sizes can be utilised, viz.. 
full, half, one-fifth, one-tenth, one- 
twentieth, one-twenty-fifth, and one 
fiftieth. With a good English two-foot 
rule we can obtain twelve sizes — viz., full, 
half, third, quarter, sixth, eighth, and so 
on up to 64th : and there can easily be 
added five of the others where the rule is 
decimally divided, as most good rules are. 

The draughtsman thus has seventeen 
sizes instead of seven for use with the 
inch-divided rule ; but, in drawing, the 
scales in most common use are i, ^, and 
g. which in rapid drawing can be easily 
raised by taking diameters from one draw- 
ing and nsing them as radii in the other. 
a process impossible between ^ and 1.5 
sizes. We have known many men bioyght 
up to use the metric scales take kindly to 
the inch scale and prefer it. Most of the 
sizes used in machines are less than one 
metre; and, to avoid the errors likely to 
occur with decimals, the French and 
Germans use the millimetre, writing 
8 mm. rather than .008 m., and the unit 
is preserved until the larger parts are 
figured by perhaps many thousand milli- 
metres; and these figures have to be 
squared and cubed with much multiplica- 
tion, which would be saved by the use of 
the inch, the foot, and the yarj. With 
English measures we can complete our cal- 
culations more quickly, because we are 
able to deal with the largest measures 
compatible with convenience. We can use 
the cubic inch, the cubic foot, or the cubic 
yard at pleasure, just as a mechanic picks 
his tools for his work, and does not waste 
time driving in a railroad spike with a 
tack hammer. It really appears that the 
men who made the metric scale began at 
the wrong end — the big end of the scale — 
the size of the world. Certainly the units 
it has been cut up into are inconvenient 
m the drawing office and the shop, how- 
ever convenient they may be in the mer- 
chant's ledgers. 

If the world is to adopt a metric system 
the scientists of the near future will cer- 
tainly demand something more scientific 
than an erroneous measure of a local 
meridian. It would seem the wiser policy 
to leave the ado])tion of the metric system 
optional; as we and our American cousins 
have done hitherto, till the civilised 
Tiations have agreed upon a really correct 
unit. Anyone who travels in the countries 

where the metric system is in force knows 
that in cmumon practice it is not univer- 
sally iidheied to, but that the old measuies 
and weights are still used by the masses. 
Surely, if we are to have a metric system, 
we may devise one which will assimilate 
with the inch and make no difference in 
the result of any calculation, whether the 
inch, the metre, the decimetre, the centi- 
metre, or the millimetre is used? Here 
are illustrative examples : — 

Tukiiij; 40 in. 1 metre, 4 in. 1 decimetre, '4 in. 
1 ci'iitiinetre we require to knon- the product in 
millimetres of 7,560 in. x 130 = 982.800 in. 
X 10 -e- 4 = 2.457.000 centimetres, or 24,570 
nieire-i -f- l;9th = 27.300 yards English. 

Divide 2.720 yards Eiiglisli -^ 18, and bring to 
nu'tric measure. 

2.720 yards - 1/lOth = 2,448 metres .=- 18 = 
136 metres, or 13,600 cm. 1 in. is equal to 25 
millimetres English -|- Vb per cent, will give 
254 French. 

As it has been proved that the French 
lineal measure is wrong by a fraction of 
an inch, the proposed English metric unit 
would be the more correct for an inter- 
national system. 

Some thinkers have said that but for 
our ten fingers we should never have 10 as 
an faithmetical unit at all, and that 
neither a decimal nor a senary rotation is 
so good for arithmetic as the two in alter- 
nate steps — i.e., the sexagenary, which 
the Chaldeans and the Assyrians applied 
to everything and the civilised ancients 
of Europe, such as Ptolemy and Vitru- 
vius, after them, from whom have come 
down to us our hours and minutes, degrees 
and minutes, crowns, groats, jience, 
drachms, and pennyweights. If we are to 
give up these, are we to surrender our 
six-day working week and substitute for 
it a decimal one, with its eleventh-day 
Sabbath, as the French Rejjublicans 
wanted to? The whole subject is a deeply 
interesting one. and has evoked an amount 
of controversial literature probably third 
only to that dealing with religion and 
politics. One prolific champion of our 
present system was the late E. L: Gar- 
bett, better known to most readers as the 
author of the best book on perspective ever 
written, than of the many ingenious, if 
sometimes far-fetched, theories with which 
during about thirty years he favoured us 
from time to time. He insisted that 
if we could write the English and Russian 
systems by some common measure, a mul- 
tiple of the mile and verst for the perch 
and arshine, we should have the germ of a 
system the most truly divisible and meti-ic 
yet attempted, and a standard far more 
widely spread than the French ; for the 
foiit would no longer be the English^ but 
the Xorthern foot, reigning as British, 
Russian, and Swedish all round our hemi- 
s))here above this parallel, and in the 
British and Russi;in dependencies else- 
where. A verj- interesting letter by ^Ir. 
Garbett tc us on " The ' Glorious ' Metric 
System," writ somewhat sarcastically, 
will be fourid on page 607 of the EinjUsh 
Mechanic of March 1, 1872, and much else 
in many other volumes of that paper. 

The House of Lords has now once again 
come to the rescue in favour of common 
sense and common justice. This arose 
over a Petition of Right, which is a mys- 
terious document presented to the Crown 

in ci-rlain casi-s. No name or place ig 
given in the report ('rimrs. July 28), but 
the point is important to all owners of 
land or buildings. In December, 1914, 
the military authorities took and still hold 
possession of certain land and buildings 
belonging to the petitioners, with their 
consent, fur use as an aviation ground. 
This was done under the wide powers given 
for the war by the Defence of the Realm 
Act. 1914, quite properly. But the 
owners claimed some comi)ensation for the ■ 
loss of their land, and as the Crown re- 
fused, they brought in their petition, 
basing their claim on the Defence Act, 
1842, and others about that date, which 
did give compensation where land was so 
taken over oompulsorily, probably during 
the Volunteer inovement. In the King's 
Bench the Crown, or the Treasury, won : 
so they did in the Court of Appeal. But 
when the case came up to the Lords there. 
after several days' argument, the Attorney- 
General gracefully gave way. He said the 
petitioners might have had some reason 
to suppose the Crown was acting under the 
old Act of 1842, and so he would consent 
to compensation by arbitration under the 
Land Clauses Act, 1845. Thus the Lords . 
did not have to give judgment in the case, 
but they seem to have dropped a g<x>d • 
hint which the Crown lawyers thought it] 
wise to act ujion. Xow the owners are to j 
be properly paid for their land or its use. 
When we remember how the Army has | 
paid, and paid well, for horses, motor-cars, 
etc., taken for the war, it certainly 
seemed absurd that they should not have 
to pay for land in the same way ; but now 
they will ^o so. 

The holding up of building work in 
Canada is evidently as serious a matter as 
here. Our contemporary the Canadian 
<'onfract Beconl gives a list of nearly 
seventy large projects, none of which will 
cost less than 100.000 dollars, and many 
of which will involve an expenditure uf 
from a million to fifty million dollars, 
which are suspended by war conditions — 
notably by the scarcity of labour. As tii- 
I'oniract Eecord points out, this ought not 
to happen, because what Canada needs at 
the present time more than any other 
thing is that which will create and mai!i- 
tain a spii-it of hopefulness and optimism. 
Nothing can, perhaps, do this more th:in 
active and normal building operation> 
fither there or here. In Canada these coii- 
ceraied are very seriously turning theiv 
thoughts to the substitution of mechanical 
ecjuipment for hand labour. The use oi 
machinery in the form of labour-savin _ 
devices keeps down the ultimate cost o: 
work by increasing the production pei 
man employed, and it is unnecessary t 
mention its advantages in the matter oi 
time-saving. Contracting equipment of a 
specialised order is the requisite need. It 
is probable that from the present situa- 
tion will be evolved wider uses of available 
machinery with the introductioji of ne« 
equipment and new methods. It is desir- 
able that employers generally shoul 1 
realise this. The war has taught us that 
the old ideas of restriction of work to 
keep up wages and the cost of materials 
can no longer be listened to. 





Everv user of varnish is jiuzzled irom 
time to time by unsatisfactory results 
which not seldom irritate him, quite need- 
lessly, into vowing vengeance on tlie 
varnish maker, although in most cases 
faulty methods of application, careless 
workmen, or bad atmospheric conditions, 
under which the best of varnish must " be 
humoured and not drove," as the butcher 
cautioned good old Tom Pinch when he 
wrapped the juicy steak in the cabbage 
leaf. If only one knows how to prevent it, 
no good varnish need go sandy or bitty, 
or " sweat up," sag or shrivel, pinhole or 
pock, "go sleepy," chip, flake, scale, or 
peel, crack; go whitish or foggy, mud- 
spot, blister, run ciss or cess, line rope 
or silk, or lack perfect finish. No better 
experience is available than that of the 
leading varnish makers, Messrs. Robert 
Ingham Clark and Co., Ltd., West Ham 
Abbey, West Ham, E., and it is at the 
free command of any reader who will write 
to them, naming this journal, for a free 
copy of their excellent little booklet, 
•' Some Varnish Vagaries," in which every 
■ possible ill that can afflict varnish is set 
forth, and the remedy lucidly explained. 
It will save many a user much money and 
needless vexation. 



A good many years ago we took occa- 
sion, prompted" by a somewhat general 
disposition of certain able writers at the 
time to enlighten the jjublic as regards 
the shortcomings of architects, to offer our 
modest opinion that none of the reasons 
they had discovered why British architec- 
ture did not appear to improve as fast 
as it should do had a scintilla of fact 
behind them. Paradoxists are seldom 
prolific in practical suggestion, and some 
of our critics of the time were para- 
doxists up to their eyelids. One British 
Jeremiah of the period, we remember, 
cursed the whole generation of architects 
of his day and generation for not copying 
old work closely enough. His parable was 
a sing-song variation of more or less 
mournful lamentations over the neglect 
of precedent. The British public loved 
then, as now, to have its flesh made to 
creep ; and our somewhat sickly dirge- 
droner might probably have added largely 
to the number of his readers had not a 
merciful Providence sent along a censor 
' f a sterner sort who adjured architects 
by the spirits of their fathers and the 
ashes of their gods to come out from 
Babylon and cut themselves adrift from 
ancient work altogether. A few of our 
forebears, who knew at least a little about 
what they were saying, ventured at the 
time to point out that neither course had 
greatly helped many of us who had 
favoured the public with our ideas of pro- 
gress, and gave chapter and verse for their 
conclusions. Of such remonstrances the 
general public takes little stock. But its 
interest rerived in spasms of delight at 
tlie dicta of a third incarnation of the 
wisdom of the age who demonstrated to 
his own supreme satisfaction and that 
of all who agreed with him that the one 
infallible way to improve our architecture 
was to get rid at once and for ever of all 

We knew the British public too well to 
attempt to induce it to listen to any sug- 
gestions at all for the growth of archi- 
tecture. We contented ourselves by re- 
minding it that, for the most part, it got 
all the architecture it deserved ; and that 
if it wanted more, or better, it would have 
to pay for it, as it did for other good 

things, in time and money. At the pre- 
sent moment, thanks to the patriotic 
determination of the Government to make 
architects the starveling scapegoats of its 
reckless waste in the conduct of the war, 
the public is getting very little architec- 
ture ; and architects are giving their blood 
and time and money for the Empire in 
numbers and with self-sacrifice at least 
equal to that rendered by some members 
of the community who have found the war 
conducive to the finding of fat jobs, or 
the quintupling of their not ordinarily 
insignificant profits. Perhaps when peace 
comes and the vast accumulation of abso- 
lutely necessary building, which is so 
badly wanted, but so sternly suspended 
for the present, has to be grappled with, 
there may be found a few at least who 
will admit that while working against 
time, and with money none too plentiful, 
it is a little hard on the architect to 
expect him to evolve a new and perfect 
style in which to clothe with beauty the 
lowest tender for the somewhat bald 
lineaments of the truth revealed in the 
lightning-like progress of the steel-framed 
structure, or the reinforced concrete build- 

Unfortunately, time, in these days when 
the cardinal truth held by every business 
man is that delay means loss of profit, is 
the last thing lie will allow his architect. 
He grudges it to his generals and 
admirals. But the architect who refuses 
to let bricks be laid and stones set as fast 
as 'hands or machines can move them is 
denounced as a dawdler. In a time when 
the types and needs of our secular build- 
ings, at any rate, vaiy and expand almost 
daily, and when the architect has to think 
out every element of his scheme for him- 
self, often with little to guide him but the 
failures of his contemporaries, his plea for 
time is regarded as sheer laziness, and his 
request for money as little short of shame- 
ful extortion. That he should fail to 
design and complete a building in as 
many months as it took his famous fore- 
bears years, for as little money as they 
received when its purchasing power was 
a dozen times that of to-day, is the unpar- 
donable sin. That, with twenty times the 
work to do, at a speed that grinds the life 
out of all but the strongest, the architect 
should fail to achieve masterpieces of his 
art, such as it took his predecessors long 
years of study to evolve, is the fullest jus- 
tification of the self-made critic, whose 
diabolic delight it is to shoot out the lip 
of scorn at the unhappy being he is 

There is indeed money to be saved on 
private buildings if those who want them 
would learn, as some are doing to-day in 
regard to other matters, to cut their coat 
according to their cloth. Fifty per cent, 
of the banks and offices in our great cities 
might have been built with real beauty 
for 20 per cent, less than it has cost to 
render them pretentious and common- 
place ; and 90 per cent, of the houses in 
the suburbs could have been made home- 
like, convenient, and pleasant to behold 
for far less than has been spent on render- 
ing them vulgar, repulsive, and devoid of 
comfort. But modern society has insisted 
that its architecture shall be the embodi- 
ment of its daily desire to pass for some- 
thing more stylish than its rivals or neigh- 
bours could afford. The cottage must be 
a %alla, the house a mansion, the mansion 
a palace, the shop an emporium ; and so 
we find private and relatively temporary 
buildings star\'ed in construction in order 
that they may be decked out with mis- 
placed ornament, imitated from monu- 
mental buildings, while our public build- 
ings are dwarfed and stunted for lack of 
funds demanded by the highest class of 

AVe need indeed to spend more on out 
public b'lildings, and to multiply their 
uses to the delight and convenience ol 
every class, and less on our private build- 
ings with their temporary and individual 
uses and needs. For the former, the pries 
of architecture — the mere cost of its con- 
struction — was gladly paid by the people of 
Hellas, and by thii'teenth century English- 
men ; poor, doubtless, in puise, but rich 
to all time in all that ai-t endowed them 
with of its best. And for this they 
grudged no fair payment or due honour 
to the artist who rendered such priceless 
ser\-ice. They did not pay 5 per cent, to 
the architect of the Parthenon and 5 per 
cent, to sc^me imitator of his work 
travestied to serve as a picture palace in 
some slum of Athens. They were not 
such fools as to go to the last made and 
self-made architect or invite his whole 
brood of charlatans in open competition 
for cathedrals like those of Salisbui-y or 
Laon or Rheims. 

To-day, of course, " all men are equal " 
of those to whom money has to be paid 
for work done, especially in architectui'e 
and building. The painter gets a bigger 
and bigger price as his pictures make his 
name become famous. The barrister 
demands higher and higher fees as his 
clients increase. The author is rewarded 
in proportion to the larger and larger cir- 
culation of each successful book. The 
architect's only reward is the often 
demoralising one of the rush of ten times 
the work he can possibly give personal 
attention to — all still at 5 per cent. — 
and ^ the more purely architectural the 
man's practice is the worse he is paid. 
So that it all comes to this : The public 
will pay the price of architecture neither 
in time nor money, with the result that 
the lowest and worst class of work is paid 
for best, and the highest and best work, 
which it gradges due time and fair pay- 
ment for, is seldom got at all. 


The teiith monograph and sixteenth publi- 
cation of the very excellent series issued by 
the London Survey Committee is a complete 
illustrated record of Morden College, Black- 
heath, an exhaustive set of measured draw- 
ings and sketches, by the author, of this beau- 
tiful building of Sir Christopher Wren, with 
numerous photograiphs. heraldic drawings, etc. 
The history of the college is given from the ' 
date of its foundation by Sir" John Morden 
(1695), who endowed it for the shelter and 
support of " decayed merchants," and 
through its administration by trustees chosen 
succe.«sively from the Turkey Company, the 
East India Company, and the Court of Alder- 
men of the City of '-London. Portraits of Sir 
•John and Lady Morden, the founder's will 
(til extenso), and a useful biography are in- 

There are twenty-three plates and forty-nine 
other illustrations, and Mr. Green is to be 
congratulated on his judicious selection and 
on his appreciative description of this famous 
example of collegiate architecture, best de- 
fined, as he has done, by a comparison thereof 
with other t\-pes, and a brief statement of 
the developnient of this pai'ticular type of 
building. The quadrangular plan was natur- 
ally a favourite with the Mediieval builders, 
being comely and convenient for residents on 
a communal basis. During the later Renais- 
sance, under Wren's influence, architecture 
assumed a more rigidly Classical character. 
Almshouses formed of grouped buildings, or 
an assemblage of dwellings in one block, 
became more frequent, but the quadrangular 
tradition persisted. Chelsea Hospital, which 
is Wren's work, consists in. the main of 
an open or three-sided court : and Trinity Hos- 
pital, Mile End, which is also ascribed to him, a court the front of w'hich is an ela- 

• " Mnvden Colleee, Blackheath." By Frank Green, 
.^ R.I.B.A,, P.A.S.I. iLonaon: The London Sarvey 
Committee, 27, Abingdon Street, S.W. Qualto, 25s. 


THE lUll.lJlNG M:\V.S: No. 3:>i;j. 

Aug. 2, 191(i. 

borutr screen wall, llu' fuitlier side being 
occupied l)_v a iletaclied t-lwipel. Hut we lind 
the eliised i)ii»ilraii(;le at Uiuinley C'i)lleye. 
Kent, at Tiiiiitv Huspital, DeptUmi (now 
destii>ved>. t'olliei's Alni.slion.«es, Nuttini; 
ham, and at Murden t'Dllege. Sir ,liihn .\|.ir- 
den wa.-i a tin?tee of Bromley College in 1639. 
he lie'-iin.e trea.inrer lieu if in the yeiir 
he began building his own fuundation, and 
the two plans are much alike, the ([uadrangles 
of both being aurrouiuied by covered waTk.s. 
Each building has projecting" wings, and lai li 
faces west. There is no such lieaulifiil stone 
entrance archwav at Morden as at Bromley, 
but it* courtyard is unequalled for its restful 
proportions and the beauty of its design. 

Sir .Fohn Morden was lH)in in 1623, He 
oarrieil on business as a merchant in Bishops- 
gate Street AVithin, and was a menil)er ami 
director both of the TurUcv and East Imiia 
Companies. The reasons fur his foundation 
of the college for decayed merchants are said 
to have originated in his gratitude for the 
reversal of liis own misfortunes. Reduced to 
poverty by the loss of his ships, his thankful- for their return after ten years' absence 
elicited a vow to build an asylum for others 
experiencing like misfortunes. He appears 
to have been a man of some note in his day. 
a member of Parliament, and employed by 
William III. as one of the distributors of that 
monarch's bounty to the French refugees. 
From 1695, the date at wliich the building of 
the College began, he appears to have devoted 
his time to the comjiletion thereof. He died in 
1708, in his eighty-si.xth year. The subsequent 
history of the foundation under the Turkey 
Company, the East India Company, and the 
Aldermen of the City of London from 1884, is 
given, together with a copy of Sir John J\tor- 
den's will. 

The plates, all drawn by the author, include 
the entrance front, in pen and ink ; a pencil 
drawing of the quadrangle : general plan, ele- 
vations, details, etc. Among the other illus- 
trations are portraits of Sir .lohn and Lady 
Morden, by Sir Peter Lely, and a number of 



Some months ago we gave a few parti- 
culars about this remarkable wood, and the 
inquiries from readers which reached us 
suggest that the following extracts from a 
paper read before the American Society of 
Engineers on June 7 may be useful. The 
paper ds by Mr. R. C. Carpenter. 
M.Am.Soc.C.E., and will be found in the 
May issue of the Society's Proceedings. It is 
very fully illustrated, and many details are 
given, for which we have not space. 

Balsa wood grows extensively in the Central 
American and Northern South Araericaji 
States as a second-growth tree. It is the 
lightest wood known, so far as any evidence 
attainable is concerned. It is composed of very 
thin-walled cells, which are barrel-shaped, 
interlace with each other, and are almost 
devoid of woody fibre. These cells are filled 
with air, making a natural structure well 
adapted to prevent the transmission of heat, 
because of the particles of air imprisoned in 
tKe material without interconnecting fibres. 
Various tests of the insulating properties for 
resisting the flow of heat are given. 

Balsa wood has been used quite extensively 
in the past as a buoyancy product for life 
preservers and in connection with the fenders 
of life-boats and rafts. Its life is short, under 
ordinary conditions, unless treated with anti- 
septic, nr preservative niHterial. There is 
promise that it will have a field of usefulness, 
in the lines referred to. 

The wood is remarkable : first, as to its 
lightness ; second, as to its microscopical 
structure; third, as to the absence of woody 
fibre: fourth, as to its elastic character, in 
the sense of recovery from transverse de- 
formation : and fifth, for its insulation quali- 
ties for heat, ft is the lightest wood com- 
mercially useful so far as the writer has been 
able to ascertain, and it has considerable 
structural strength, which makes it suitable 
for a fairly extensive use. 

Balsa wood, when thoroughly dried, has a 
specific gravity of 0.11. For reference, Table 
1 shows the relative weights of various 
woods. Until recently, Missouri cork wood, 
weighing 18,1 lb. per cu. ft., was supposed 

to be the lightest, but recent investigations 
indicate that balsa wood is much lighter, 
having a weight of 7.3 lb. per cu. ft. The 
ordinary commercial balsa wood is seldom 
perfccHV dry, and because of the moisture 
content" its weight, as appears from a num- 
ber of investigations made by the writer, 
will usually be between 8 and 13 lb. per cu. 
(t. As will be seen from Table 1, however, 
it is much lighter than cork. 

The cellular structure of balsa wood, a? 
exhibited under a microscope, differs from 
that of any other wood known to the writer. 
All engineers know that wood is made up 
of a series of interlacing cellular bodies of 
microscopic size, which, when joined to- 
gether, form fibres which extend both radi.illy 
and longitudinally. These cellular fibres 
are interlaced, and, by their form and ar- 
rangement, give the wood its strength and 
physical properties. In ordinary woods the 
thickness of the walls of the cells is generally 
a considerable proportion of the diameter. 
The cells which are parallel to the axis of the 
tree are made up principally of woody fibre ; 
those which extend in a radial direction usu- 
allv have a cellulose structure with little 
woody fibre, and are defined as " medullary 
rays,"' or pith cells, because of their position 
and composition. The microscopic structure 
of all the woods involves, in addition, the 
existence of ducts or vessels scattered through 
the wood in a longitudinal direction ; these 
serve as a circulatory system for the trans- 
mission of liquids and gases during the 
growth of the tree. 

Tablb 1,— Weights or Woods. 

Common name. 

Scientific name. 

Weight, in 
pounds per 
cubic foot. 

Cork . 


White pine . 
Catalpa . . , 
Cypress . . . 
Douglas fir . 


Red oak 


Long-leaf pine . 



White oak 


Live oak 


Lignum-vitee . . . 


Black ironnood. 

. lOohroma lagopus 

.iBark from cork oak,] 

(Quercus suber) 
- Leitneria fioridana .... 

. Pinus strobus 

. iCatalpa speciosa 

. Tasodiiim disticham . 
. Pseudotsuga mucro- 

.'Platanus occidentalis. . 

. Querous rubra 

. Acer saccharum 

.Pinus psluetris 

, Swietenia mahogoni . . 
. Robinia pseudo acacia 

. Quercus alba 

. Carya alba 

. Quercua virginiana .... 
.'Eucalyptus leuooxylon 
..Guaiacum sanctum.... 

. Diospyrus 

. Krugiodendron (etreum 





;ii4iil;ij' Liiiii, Ullllgnilieu «| 

[ the tissue in question,^ > 
iiicroscope, would not beB * 
; rather thin-walled ceUsjl 
om the pith or cortex of^ 

To \V. W. Rowlee, Professor of Botany 
in Cornell LTniversity, who assisted in the 
investigation, the writer is indebted for the 
micro-photographs and also for the following 
botanical description. 

" Gross Cliaracteristics. — In general ap- 
pearance, balsa wood resembles basswood. Its 
medullary or pith rays are uniformly spaced, 
and are quite prominent in both the radial 
and cross-sections. In the radial sections, 
they appear much as in maple or sycamore, 
as well as basswood, but lack the hardness 
and susceptibility to polish possessed by 
these woods. The ducts, pores, or vessels 
are large and remote from each other, and 
occur singly, or in groups, in the strands 
between the pith rays. 

" The lightness of the wood is one of its 
most striking features. This is due to the 
thinness of the walls of the elements. There 
is rather indistinct evidence of annual rings 
in the cross-section. In the specimens 
studied, the regular concentric rings, so char- 
acteristic of trees of Temperate regions, do 
not show. 

"Minute Sfruriure. — The pith, or medul- 
lary ray cells (h) have normal position and 
form, but the cells are not elongated radially 
to so great an extent as is usually found in 
woods. The ducts (n) are large, with rather 
thin, pitted walls. Woody fibres of the or 
dinary sort seem to be absent in this wood 
their place beinsr taken by a cellulose tissue 
(r) very much like the tliin-walled tissue of 
the pith and cortex of ordinary trees. 

" The cells (c) making up this tissue are 
barrel -shaped, whereas woody fibres are 
taper-pointed and relatively much longer. 

The most remarkable thing about them, how 
ever, is their exceedingly thin, unlignified ^ 
walls. A section of the tissue in question, 
examined under am 
taken for wood, but 

or ' parenchyma' from tne p ^.. „. , 

a stem. The only lignified part is the wall ! 
of the duct, and that is relatively weak. 

" Conclusion). — 

" 1. — The gross structure of balsa woodi 
is in appearance like basswood, poplar, orj 

"2. — Its weight shows that it is fundi 
m.entally different from these. 

"3. — Its minute anatomy is radically dif- 
ferent from any wood known to the writer. 

"4. — What correspond to the woody fibres! 
are not lignified. They are very thin-walledi 
and soft. 

" 5. — The ducts or pores are weakly ligni 
fied, and are pitted. They, -however, COB' 
stitute a very small proportion of the wood 

" 6. — The pith rays are also thin-wallei 
and not lignified." 

Micri>.<ropiral Sirurlure of While Pint 
(Pinuf Strohus). — For the purpose of iUus 
trating the interlacing fibre construction ol 
ordinary woods, the writer presents micro 
photographs of white pine. Figs. 7, 8, and 9,', 
magnified about 100 diameters. Sections of] 
the longitudinal cells are shown in Fig. 9 atv.] 
re; these have pointed ends and are many? 
times longer than the field of the micro-, 
scope. They have walls of woody fibre, which, 
are much thinner in pine than in hard woods; 
like oak. but are thicker than in balsa. The 
cells constituting the medullary rays arej, 
devoid of woody fibre, and are much shorterf 
than the longitudinal cells, c, but they are'v 
longer than any of the cells in balsa wood. 
Pine has a very different cellular structure 
from balsa, as shown by the micro-photo- 
graphs. In pine the longitudinal cell walls 
are composed principally of woody fibre, and 
the medullary ray cells of cellulose. The 
cells of the older wood, near the annual ring, 
have very thick walls in pine. Evidently, 
the cellular structure of white pine is char- 
acteristic of a heavier wood, of less insulating 
capacity than balsa, and in that respect pre- 
dicates the difference in physical tests and m 
insulating properties. 

Table 2 shows tests made under the writer's 
direction at Sibley College, Ithaca, N.Y., and •/ 
also as reported by Professor Walter S 
Leland, formerly of the Massachusetts Inst; 
tute of Technology. 

Table 2. — Transverse Tests of Balsa Wood. 


in inches. 

A 13 by 2J by 20 

- li „■ 2J ,. 20 

13 ,, S ,, 20 

If ., * „ 20 



5 ,, 96 
44 „ 96 
44!,, 96 

3,290 — 
— 1123 

■i „ 5J „ 96 

3 500 
3 600 



3 300 I 2^ 
3 207 — 


Very poor 

Weight of Specimen A 15.19 lb. per cu. ft. 

, B .... 10.05 

Average weight of Nos. 1-5 13.3 ,, ,, ,, ,, 

Crus/iinrj and Compression Tests. — Three! 
specimens, each 1| by 2| by 4 ins., with al 
cross-section of 4.375 sq. ins., gave an average] 
of 2,488 libs, per sq. in. Another test of [ 
three specimens gave an average of 2,225 lbs. 
per sq. in. 

Three specimens, 1 bv 1 bv 3 ins., crushed 
with loads of 2,210, 2,3*80, and 2,530 lbs. per 
sq. in. respectively. 

Two compression tests, of specimens 1 bv 1 
bv 16 ins., showed maximum loads of 1,860 
aiid 1,980 lbs., and net compression of 0,69 
and 0.55 ins. respectively. 

One specimen, 5| by 5J by 23§f ins., 
crushed under a load of 40,900 lbs. equivalent 
to 2,500 lbs, per sq. in. ; and one slightly 
smaller gave srubstantially the same strength 
per unit of section, as reported by Professor 
Leland in Table 2. 

Professor Leland states ; — 

"The crushing strength seems to be very 
satisfactory for such wood — .ibout one-half the 
strength of white pine or spruce. 

Aug. 2, 191G. 



"These tests show the modulus of rupture 
to be appro.ximately one-half that of good 
-spruce, and their uniformity clearly shows 
that the material may be relied on both for 
direct compression ajid transverse loads. 

" It is very elastic material, and when the 
load was almost at the breaking point the load 
on three of the beams was removed, and the 
beams resumej their original shape. 

"It is exceedingly interesting to note that 
it is practically impossible to split the wood 
by driving nails through it." 


In a recent trip to the Isthmus of Panama 
the writer found balsa trees growing com- 
monly in all the cleared spaces which were 
not under cultivation in the Canal zone. Most 
of these trees were of small diameter, and evi- 
dently quite young, and in every instance they 
were found in the newly started jungle which 
has recently been allowed to grow over a 
goodly part of the Canal zone since the canal 
has been completed. In some cases these 
trees were growing vigorously in the masses 
of material sliding into the canal. The tree 
is characterised by a large leaf, from 14 to 
30 ins. in greatest length, and by the peculiar 
seed pods which it bears when it reaches a 
larger size. Excellent evidence was obtained 
that the balsa tree grows very rapidly, and at- 
tains a diameter of from 12 to 14 ins, at an 
age of four or five years. Rear-Admiral H. H. 
Rousseau, M.Am.Soc.C.E., now in charge of 
considerable construction work in the Canal 
zone, told the writer that a balsa tree which 
was growing near his house at Culebra at- 
tained dimensions appro.ximating 12 to 14 ins. 
in diameter and from 40 to 60 ft. in height, 
in about four years. A considerable quantity 
of balsa of large size. is to be found near the 
cleared plantations along the Chagres River, 
and in various other places near the Atjantic 
Coast and the banana plantations. 

The result of an investigation of the forests 
of a number of tropical countries, by Mr. Her- 
bert Paschke, undertaken for Capt. A. P. 
Lundin, indicates that balsa trees are found 
in considerable quantities in Honduras, Costa 
Rica, Colombia, and Jamaica, and there is 
abundant evidence that it grows vigorously 
in most of the tropical countries of South 
.\meriea. The report referred to indicates 
that the 'balsa or ochroma is entirely a second- 
growth wood, and is never found in the virgm 
forest, e.^cept as an isolated tree or two where 
clearing has occurred. The writer learned, 
from his visit to the tropics, that forests com- 
posed of any one species do not exist in tropi- 
cal countries, as they are found in the United 
States. Tropical trees always grow individu- 
ally or by themselves. 

Mr. Paschke states that balsa wood is 
known by different names in various Ameri- 
can tropical countries, as follows : — 

In British Honduras .. 

In Gaatemala 

In Spanish Honduras.. 

In Costa Rica 

In Bocas del Toro .... 

' Moho " 

' Tianillo '* or " Moho ' 

' Guano " 

" Balsa" 

' Moho '* 

Balsa wood, because of its lightness, hae 
been known for a long time as a desirable 
material for floats, for supporting other ma- 
terial, and for rafts. Professor Gifford states 
that in the West Indies the natives use it for 
poles " somewhat as the Chinese use the bam- 
boo for .shoulder poles, for all uses where a 
light, rather strong pole is needed." So far 
as the writer could learn, balsa wood has no 
commercial value with people in the tropics 
who know about it, t)ie general idea being that 
its lasiting power is very slight, and that it 
warps and checks when exposed to the 
weather so as to be of little or no practical 

Mr. W. F. Morgan, who recently made an 
investigation regarding the growth of balsa 
wood in Costa Rica, states that the natives 
are in the habit of cutting large balsa trees 
simply for the seed pode, which grow a woolly 
fibre suitable for pillows and mattresses. Fig. 
16 shows a log of balsa wood, about 2 ft. in 
diameter, the tree having been cut down 
merely for the seed pods. Mr. Morgan also states 
that it has been the custom to use balsa wood 
in. rafts of heavy timber for the purpose of 
securing buoyancy. At the end of a voyage 
this wood is thrown away as having no com- 
mercial value. 

It is thought that the first person to make 
any e.xtended commercial use of balsa wood 

was Capt. A. P. Lundin, President of the Welin 
Marine Equipment Company, and formerly 
connected with the Pacific Mail Steamship 
Company. From his travels in tropical coun- 
tries, Capt. Lundin knew of the extreme light- 
ness of tins wood, and its value as a buoyancy 
material in life preservers and lifeboats was 
suggested by its properties. When he under- 
took to apply the wood practically, however, 
he found that it was of little value because 
it absorbed moisture in great quantities, and 
also because it soon rotted, and also warped 
and checked when worked. He then under- 
took the discovery of some means of treating 
the wood which would render it waterproof 
and also prevent it from changing its shape. 
After testing nearly every method that had 
been suggested, Co. Marr's method of treating 
woods, which had been recently patented, was 
finally successful. In this method the wood 
is treated in a bath, of which the principal 
ingredient is parafSn, by a process which 
coats the interior cells without entirely clog- 
ging up the porous system. The paraffin re- 
mains as a coating or varnish over the interior 
cell walls, preventing the ab.sorption of mois- 
ture and the ill-effects as to change of volume 
and decay which would otherwise take place ; 
it also prevents the bad effects of dry rot, 
which follows the use of any surface treat- 
ment for preserving wood of the balsa type. 

The Marr process tends to drive out all 
water and make the wood waterproof; it im- 
proves the quality of being readily worked 
with tools, without material increase of 
weight. The treated balsa wood has been 
used extensively by the Welin Marine Equip- 
ment Company in the manufacture of life pre- 
servers, fenders for lifeboats, and for struc- 
tures requiring insulation from heat, as in the 
refrigerating compartments of vessels, and in 

Specific Conductivity. — The Bureau of 
Standards, Washington, D.C., has determined 
the " specific conductivity," e, of balsa wood 
with the following results, expressed in Brit- 
ish thermal units per hour, per square foot per 
inch of thickness, per degree Fahrenheit of 
difference in temperature between the sur- 

For Untreated 

For Treated 

Balsa Wood. 

Balsa Wood 

0.394 B. t. u. 

0.422 B. t. u. 


0.350 „ 




The lowest results obtained with both the 
treated and the untreated wood indicate a 
" specific conductivity " of 0.350. The 
higher results in other cases are to be attri- 
buted to imperfect specimens, or to imperfect 
contact of the heat-measuring devices. 


At the meeting ye.sterday (Tuesday) of 
the London County Council the Finance 
Committee recommended that the borrowing 
by the Battersea Borough Coimcil of £3,728 
for electricity purposes be sanctioned. It 
was explained that in order to deal with 
the increased demaiid for current in parts 
of its area the borough council proposes to 
carry out works as follows : (i.) New sub- 
.station at Nine Elms, including mains and 
machinery (£3,723) ; (ii.) 500 kw. transformer 
with switchgear and connections at New 
Road sub-station (£575) ; and (iii.) new 
feeder main from Battersea Square to 
Church Road (£780), a total of £5,178, of 
which £1,450 is to be contributed by one of 
the firms requiring an increased supply. The 
whole of the expenditure is for work neces- 
.sitated by special circumstances, and the 
approval of H.M. Treasury has therefore 
been given. 

The Highways Committee recommended 
the Council to double the .single line of 
tramways in Plumstead Road, between 
Beresford .Street and ^larket Hill at an 
estimated cost of £1,000, and this proposal 
was supnorted hy the Fiu'ince Committee. 

The Education Committee reported that 
the contracts for erecting Exnionth Street 
School, St. Pancras. carried out by Messrs. 
^rcCormick and Sons. Limited, and for re- 
modelling Woolmore Street School, Poplar, 
carried out by Messrs. Brand. Pettit and Co.. 
were practically completed. It was therefore 

agreed to release forthwith sums of £700 and 
£425, respectively, held as retention moneys. 
It was agreed to appoint Mr. J. Williams, 
the head of the artistic crafts department at 
the Northampton Polytechnic (which de- 
partment has been closed since the end of 
last session), as principal of the Hammer- 
smith School of Arts and Crafts at his exist- 
ing salary of £500 a yeair. The Hammer- 
smith position has been vacant since Septem- 
ber, 1913. In accordance with a recommenda- 
tion of the advisory council of the .school, 
it was agreed that Professor Selwyn Image 
be appointed to deliver a fourth course of 
lectures at the Central School of Arts and 
Crafts, Southampton Row, on "The Hi-story 
of Artistic Craftsmanship," at a fee of £75. 
■ The Fire Brigade Committee recommended 
that the rate of pay of all members of the 
uniformed permanent staff of the brigade, up 
to and including the rank of sub-officer, be 
increased by 3s. a week until six months 
after the declaration of peace. This will be 
in lieu of the present war bonus, and the 
additional cost involved is estimated at 
£7,200 a year. 

Steps are being taken on hehalf of the 
Council to secure the rejection or withdrawal 
of the Telegraph (Construction) Bill. One 
effect of the Bill would be, according to a 
report of the Parliamentary Committee, that 
the Postmaster-General would obtain a right 
of entering on private property and fixing 
telegraphic apparatus, while it was possible 
that owners of the property would be de- 
prived of the receipt of payments for tlie 
privilege of obtaining easements over their 

The Improvements Committee reported 
that the City Corporation has drawn atten- 
tion to an opportunity, owing to present and 
prospective rebuilding and structural altera- 
tions at Nos. 119, '\ 120, 122, and 122a, 
Leadenhall Street, of effecting a further- 
widening of that thoroughfare at the part 
mentioned. The present width of the street 
at this ])art varies from 40 to 46 feet. As a 
result of the execution of the improvement, 
a, strip of lan^ about 130 feet in length, with 
a maximum depth of 4 feet tapering to a 
point at each end, will be added to the public 
way, thus providing an increased width vary- 
ing from 42 to 48 feet. The total cost of the 
improvement is estimated at £3,200. The 
Council on .July 9, 1912, and .July 8, 1913, 
agreed to contribute one-half of the net cost 
of widening Leadenhall Street at Nos. 57 to 
59 (inclusive) and Nos. 50 to 56.4 (inclusive) 
respectively. The widening now in question 
is in the part of the street to the west of 
that in which tlie previous widenings were 
undertaken. The Committee recommended 
the Council to contribute one-half of the net 
cost of the present improvement, the execu- 
tion of which will secure the removal of an 
undesirable projection in a narrow part of 
the street. 

The acceptance was recommended by tlie 
same committee of the offer of a syndicate, 
made through Messrs. Trehearne and Nor- 
man, of a rent of £1.950 a .year for a lease 
for 99 years of a site, of 7,800 .square feet, 
and with 80 ft. frontage, on the western 
sid'" of Kingsway. adjoining Koh-i-Noor 
House. The offer was made subject to the 
peppercorn period being allowed to extend 
until one year after the declaration of peace. 

The Est.ablishment Committee rei^orted 
that on March 7 last the Council authorised 
Ihe retention up to and including .Tnne 30. 

1916. of three assistants on the unestablished 
staff of the architect's department who had 
fittainod the age of sixty-five years. The 
Council has retained the services of these 
nssistants from time to time, but Standing 
Order No. 342 with regard to the retirement 
of assistants on attaining the age of sixty- 
five years does not now apply to the three 
assistants in question as they come within 
the exception contained in clause {d\ of the 
order as revised on May 4, 1915. The com- 
mitt*^e reported, however, for the information 
"^f the Council that thev have fl.rran£'"d for 
the retention of the services of the assistants 
in nuestion no to and including M.arrh 31. 

1917. provided that they are capable of 
c.nrrving out the duties entrusted to them 
pnd that suitable work is available. 















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AUGUST 2, 1916. 



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IBRIDGE.— Mr. H. Reginald Pjui.tkr, Architect. 

Mt'frs. Bfiiford if 3l,ie .nr.i (,■., rlijlo 


Messrs. William and T, 


R. ill 

\UGUST 2, 1916. 

RN, FF.R.I B.A., Architects. 

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Sir K. RowANU Anderson, LL.D., F.FI 

^ UGUST ?, 1916. 

, F.R.I.B.A., Ro\al (io!d Medallist iyi6, Architect. 



THE THEATRE.— Messrs. William and T. R. Milburn, FF.R.I.B.A., Architects. 


IllK JUILDLNU i\EW8: iNo. :J2i;J. 

Aug. 2, 191«i. 

Our Jllustrutians. 


KENraiiUSIllIU-:, N.B. 
This is one of tlic must sinking I'xnniplo.s 
.ininiiij the many ini))(iilant buildiiiys chosen 
for exhibition i«-eiitly at the Royal Institute 
of British .Vjchiteets. when Sir'R. Kowarni 
Anderson. LL.D., F.R8.E.. K.R.I. H.A.. was 
presented with the Royal Gold Medial. The 
extension of the .Mansion House, the ri'sideme 
of Sir John Stirling; .\la.\well, JJart., takes the 
form of wings at either end of the main hnild- 
ing. These contain library, billiard room, 
ete.. and were carried out in 1909 at a cost 
of about £7,000. New kitchen offices, en- 
trance hall and iHirch, and the terrace.s, were 
executed some years previously. Pollok 
Castle is not in the grounds, and "has no con- 
nection witft Pollok House. Pullok Castle, 
the ancient seat of the Polloks of Pollok. 
was built in the middle ages on a high 
and capacious position formed by the rocky 
ridge overlooking the vale of" the Clyde 
and Cart. It commands a view of Ben 
Lomond. Sir Robert Pollok demolished this 
historic media'%-al stronghold, and raised a 
stately house in the style of his day, but this 
building was almost entirely ruined 'by tire in 
1882. In thi^ state it remained for a long 
while till .Mr. Charles S. S. .Johnston, an 
architect in Edinburgh, was employed for its 
restoration and modernising. In the fourth 
volume of '■ The Castellated and Domestic 
Architecture of Scotland." by Messrs. David 
Macgibbon and Thomas Ross! the plans of the 
combined seventeenth and eighteenth centurv 
buildings at Pollok Castle are illustr.ated. 
together with views and details. These 
drawings include the beautiful Renaissance 
entrance gateways. One of the pair at one 
time stood as here shown in the middle of the 
garden wall, which was then ramped and low- 
set between a pair of tall pavilions, very like 
the one seen in the doube-page plate which 
we give to-day. They stood at the S.E. and 
S.W. angles. The initials on the older build- 
ing had reference to the dates of its erection, 
including "R. P." and "A. M." woven in a 
monogram, and representing Sir Robert 
Pollok and Annabella Maxwell. His second 
wife. Annabella Stewart, accounts for the 
initials " R. P." and "A. S." The seven- 
teenth century portions of the premises were 
also inscribed with the dates of various ex- 
tensions in sunk figures cut in the masonry, 
thus furnishing a reliable record of what was 
done at different periods, 

The auditorium is an unusually wide one, 
due to the addition of the .site by the pur- 
chase of adjoining premises. The elevation is 
carried out in Portland stone, in the style of 
the Italian Renaissance. The city arms and 
county arms are shown in large cartouches of 
bronze on either side of the facade. The 
upper part is recessed in three bays forming 
a loggia, which is illuminated by mercury 
vapour electric pendants. The porch is lined 
with Welsh marble, and the st,aircase hall is 
finished in marbles from Italy, the staircase 
being of the same. The paving is in rubber 
laid in black and white checkers. The circle 
saloon measures 40 ft. by 30 ft., and has 
Doric columns with a mahogany block floor. 
Great care has been taken with the exits from 
all parts of the house, and waiting halls for 
the public are amply provided. Tlie audi- 
torium is divided into fauteuils.' stalls, and 
pit stalls. Above is the grand circle for 500 
persons. The balcony accommodates 570 and 
allowance for 550 is made in the gallery. The 
private boxes are placed in, the usual position 
on either side of the proscenium opening. 
The decorative details were specially designed 
on refined lines, and are partly gilt. Messrs. 
Martvn and Co.. of Cheltenham, executed 
the fibrous plaster ornament and stucco as 
well as the decorations generally. Cipolina 
green marble lines the proscenium. There is 
a sliding roof over the auditorium. The latest 
.arrangements of stagecraft are provided, in- 
cluding flying cloths and quick-changing 
machinery for the various settings. A double- 
covered asbestos fire curtain is provided. The 
electric light installation was designed bv 

.Mr. H. \V. Hawkins, chief engineer to Moss 
Empires. Limited. The act-drop was painted 
by .Mr. A. C. Conrad. The heating is by 
radiators placed in corridors and stairway.s, 
as well as in the approaches an.. |)roporlion- 
ately all over the i>remises. The ventilation 
is elFected by drawing in fresh air from the 
back of the building by means of electric 
fans and by filtering the air, the screen being 
|)laced over running water. It is heated by a 
battery w-hen required. The foul air is ex- 
tracted bv fans in the roof. Messrs. Wm. 
and T. R". Milburn, FF.R.I.B.A., of .Sunder- 
land, are the architects, Mes.srs. Turner and 
Son. of Cardiff, were the builders. .Messrs. 
Ua'.vnay, of Cardilf. executed the steelwork, 
the consulting engineer being Mr Percy 
H. Simco, of WalHngton. 'Ihc. decorative 
cohnir scheme adojited is grey, which is 
blended into the natural colour of the stucco 
backgrounds. The only other pigment intro- 
duced into the enriched ])arts is confined to 
the Greek fret ornament picked out sparsely 
with strong vermilion. The carpets are of 
light purple tints, and were .specially woven 
by Messrs. Morton, of Kidderminster. The 
tableau curtain and draperies of the boxes 
are of purple velvet, with ornaments in gold 
fabric. The upholstery is of pale grey velvet. 
We give a sheet of plans and sections, a view 
of the Queen Street elevation, and an in- 
terior showing the proscenium. A single page 
sheet is also devoted to illustrations of the 
refined and well-drawn figure frieze which 
makes so fine a feature in the auditorium. 


This sheet of drawing.s. executed by the 
architect. Mr. H. Reginald PouUer. of Cam- 
berley. shows an attractive block of brick and 
stone school-house buildings very convenientlv 
planned for the purpose. The classroom wing 
and the master's residence have separate 
entrances. Ihe house .yard is well enclosed 
bv walls, and the pupils' conveniences are 
nicely isolated off the corridor. The gables 
of the domicile are half-timbered and filled 
in with brick nogging. We borrowed the 
drawing from the Royal Academy, where it 
was exhibited. The war has deferred the 
execution of the work, we believe, but we 
have no further details. 



The R.I.B.A. Exaiiixations. — The Inter- 
mediate Examination, qualifying for registra- 
tion as .Student R.I.B.A.. was held in Lon- 
don from Jiuie 2 to .June 9. Of the four 
candidates examined, three passed and one 
was relegated. The passed candidates, who 
have been registered as Students, are as 
follows, tlie names being given in order of 
merit : — Ernest Wall Winks, Worksop ; Fred 
Wilkinson. Long Lee Terrace, Keighley ; 
Thomas Edmondson, Brunshaw House, 
Burnley. The following Probationer, havingi 
ju'oduced satisfactory evidence of his train- 
ing and qualifications, was exempted from 
sitting for the Intermediate E.\aminat.ion, 
and has been registered as a student : — 
Charles .Joseph Brandon, Trebovir Road, 
Earl's Court, S.W. (Architectural Associa- 
tion Schools.) In accordance with the special 
concession granted by the Council to Pro- 
bationers, serving with the forces who are 
eligible for the Intermediate Examination 
and whose testimonies of .study have been 
approved, the following were also exempted: 
Le.slie Magnus Austin, Wood Vale. Forest 
Hill. S.E. (.\rmy Reserve). Albert Rowland 
Clough. Main Road. Handsworth, near Shef- 
field. Eric Ewart Evans, care of Mr. Mat- 
thew Honan. 36. Dale Street. Liverpool. 
(Royal Engineers.) .J. S. Ferguson. 14th 
Field Co. Engineers. 5th Australian Division, 
Egypt. William Burrows Clement Hunkin. 
Cae. Rhys. Ddu., Neath Glani. (Royal Welsh 
Fusiliers). Henry ilatthew Lawrence. Mar- 
mion Street. Tamworth. Edwin Maddison 
Lawson, Fairfield, Ivanboe Terrace. Chester- 
le-Street (Royal Navy). Philip Harold Pil- 
ditch. Bartropp, Weybridge (Royal Field 
-Artillery). .John Rickatson, Market Place, 
Market Weigh ton (Roval Flying Corps). 
Thomas Wilfrid Sutcliffe, Edmund Street. 
Rochdale (Roval Navv). -Alfred Howard 
.Sykes, Birliby Hall 'Road, Huddersfield 

(.Artistxs' Rillcs). Norman Barnetl Weeken, 
care of Liverpool Corporation Engineers De- 
partment (Royal Engineers). Reginald , 
-•Me.xander Wilson, Oxford Street, Swansea ' 
(Highland Light Infantry). The Final and i 
.Special Examinations, (pialifying for ranili 
dature as .\ssociale R.I.B.A.. were held iii 
London from .June 22 to 30. Of the twenty 
candidates admitted, thirteen |iasscd and the 
remaining seven were relegated in various 
subjects. The successful candidates are :ui 
follows ; — John Ramsay .Armstrong. Mar- 
shall Place, Perth. Charles Joseiih Brandon. 
Trebovir Road, Earl's Court. S.W. Wm. 
iHcnry Elgar. Watkin Road, Folkestone, 
flobei-t Kitching Ellison, Shaftesbury 
.\venue, Bedford. Sidney Colwyn Foulk--.'-, 
Central Chambers. Colwyn Bay. Robert 
Brearley Hall, Exe '^^ale, Letchworth. Arthur 
Rowland Holman, Westbourne Road, 
Penarth. S. Wales. Lome De Hutton Hiil- 
ton, 2nd .Artists' Rifles. Hare Hall Camp. 
Romford. Robert Lowrv, Park Road, East 
Twickenham. Heinrich ^lartin Luyken. .Or- 
cadian Gar<Ien.s, Wood Green, N. .-Orthur 
John Sparrow, Ingram House. .Siockwell 
Road, S.W. Harold Edgar Todd. Harts Cot. 
tage, .\lmondsbury, near Bristol. .James 
Frederick Wilson, Upton Road, Newport, 

Scottish M.ister Slaters. — The annual 
general meeting of the Scottish Federated 
Master Slaters' Association w-as held in Aber- 
deen on the 25th ult., Mr. Thomas Graham. 
Edinburgh, presiding. Ex-Lord Provost 
MaitUind, in offering a welcome to the nieni. 
bers. congratulated the Federation on the 
success already attained. The President, in 
moving the adoption of the report for the 
past year, which was submitted by the Secre- 
tary," Mr. Harry Jackson, C.A,. Glasgow, 
expressed gratification at the large number 
of district as.sociations that had affiliated 
with the Federation, which included about 
300 of the principal members of the slate 
trade throughout Scotland. The President 
also referred to the scheme for a natiinial 
mode of measurement for the slate trade, 
which had been drawn up and sent to Sir 
George Askwith, Chief Industrial Commis- 
sioner, in order that he might submit it for 
approval to the architects and surveyors. 
The report was adopted. Office-bearers were 
elected as follows: — President, Mr, Thomas 
Graham. Edinburgh; vice-president, -Mr. 
John Barclay. Buckie ; secretary and 
treasurer. Mr. Harrv .Jackson. C.A.. Glasgow. 


Boyle's latest patent ".\ir-Pump" ventilators 
have been ap|)licd to the Red Cross Hospital. 
Workhouse Infirmary. Gloucester. 

The Beaufort Hill Schools. Mon., ore 
being ventilated by means of Shorland's patent 
exhaust roof *-entilators, supplied by Messrs. 
E. H. Shorland and Brother, Limited, of FiiiU 
worth, Manchester. 

Messrs. Lewis Berger and Sons. Ltd., wli" 
are as enterprising as their products are cele- 
brated, are using the picture palace as oin- 
method of advertising " Matone," not only in 
the decoration of the building itself, but witli 
the "Matone" film. This can be seen during- 
the present week at the Electric Theatre. Devmi- 
port; Palace Theatre. Manchester; and tlic 
Cinema Ro.val, Redhill. The title is " Tli." 
Wall iScribbier Foiled." 

Many estate agents and estate clerks >>i 
works employ their bricklayers and labourers 
during slack times in making concrete 
articles for the farmers on the estate. 
Drinking troughs for cattle, which were for- 
merly made of wood, are now made with 
Pudloed cement on the Earl of Dudlcv's 
estate. The trouglis are 10 ft. by 2 ft. by 
18 in. deep, 2i in. thick at the bottom, 
diminishing to 13 in. at the top of the sidc- 
These troughs are indestructible, and vvr 
understand give great satisfaction .. to the 

1 mam t 

Among the towns which have suffered severely 
in the forest fire in Northern Ontario on Sun 
day and Monday -^vas Iroquois Falls, where at 
lenst fifteen lives were lost : the great pap'r 
mills, w-hich are the mainstav of industry in 
the town, and which occupy an isolated site to 
the extreme south-east, were saved. We pul' 
lished last week. p. 68, the ground plan of th. 
city together with a description of tli' 
measures em])loyed to secure its amenities. 







'J'n thv liilitor of tlw Building News. 

Sir. — Have you ever published in your 
.esteemed joui-nal anything relative to Sul- 
grave Manor House, Sulgrave, Northampton, 
the ancestral home of the Washingtons ? 

As an interested reader of your paper for 
years, and from Durham County, where my 
grandfather was architect to his Grace the 
Duke of Cleveland, then Harry Vane, these 
matters are very interesting to me. 

Anything you or your readers can give me 
regarding Sulgrave will be very much appre- 
ciated. — Very truly youi's, 

fRED J. WoODW.vRD, Architect. 

1423, Harvard Street, Washington, D.C., 
U.S.A., July 14, 1916. 

[We have never published anything more 
.than casual reports of visits of archfeologists, 
etc., to Sulgrave (see p. 101 of our issue of 
August 2, 1878). There is a somewhat iii- 
difierent Perpendicular church there with a 
small brass in it Id " Lawrence Washint;- 
ton, gent., died 1583, and Ann, his wyf, by 
whom he had four sons and seven daughters ;" 
and on another he is described as " of North- 
ampton," and lands in Sulgrave belonging to 
Canons Ashby and Catesby were granted to 
him on the di.ssolution of those religious 
-houses. The grandfather of this Lawrence, 
bearing the same Christian name jointly 
with his father, sold Sulgrave to a relative. 
and went himself to live at Brington, where 
there is a slab in the church chancel to his 
.son, who died in 1616, and who was the great- 
great-grandfather of George Washington. 
His second son John emigrated to America 
about the middle of the 17th century, and 
was the grandfather of George Washington. 
The brass at Sulgrave and the slab at Bring- 
ton each bear the Washington arms, " two 
bars gules in chief, 3 mullets of the second." 
It is difficult to believe that the Stars and 
Stripes were not derived from this coat, but 
history decides otherwise, and one must be 
content to note the coincidence. There are 
remains of what is locally called a castle close 
to Sulgrave Churchyard. The base is 25 by 
19 yards and the summit 12 by 10 yards. 
On the summit is, or was. a great decaying 
ash tree, said to be four centuries old, and 
in olden times a famous witch-haunt. The 
people of Sulgrave, disliking witche.s, resolved 
to cut the tree down, but hardly begun their 
job when they saw their village apparently in 
flames. They hastened home, and the witches 
promptly repaired the damage done to the 
tree, and it was preserved. During the second 
half of the 18th century Sulgrave obtained 
somewhat evil notoriety as the resort of a 
gang of highwaymen known as the " Cul- 
worth Gang." w'ho for twenty years were the 
terror of Northamptonshire. The parish 
clerk was one of the gang, and hid stolen 
goods in the church, always carrying pistols 
with him during service for fea.r of attack. 
Two of the gang, taken at Towcester, made 
a confession, which led to the breaking up of 
the gang, and four of the robbers were hanged 
at Northampton on August 3, 1787. The 

Harry Vane " to whom our correspondent's 
grandfather was architect must, we think, 
have been a later descendant of the celebrated 
Sir Harry Vane who was such a thorn in 
Cromwell's side. That worthy's father 
purchased Raby Castle from the "Nevilles in 
James the First's reign, assuring that monarch 
that it was a mere heap of stones. His son, 
the Sir Harry Vane, was beheaded in 1622, 
and was succeeded by his son Christopher, 
created Baron Barnard of Barnard Castle in 
1699. This nobleman, out of enmity to his 
son, stripped Rabv Castle of all its lea'd, glass, 
iron, etc., to the value of £30,000, urged 
thereto by his wife, known after her death 
as " the old Hellcat," from her promenades 
and drives about the scenes of her wicked 
life. His grandson was created Earl of Dar- 
lington in 1754. and his great-grandson 
Marnuis of Cleveland in 1827. and Duke of 
Cleveland in 1833. The dukedom became 
extinct at the death of the 4th Duke in 1891, 
and all his other titles, except the Barony of 
Barnard, which passed to his relative Henry 

de Vere Vane, descended by five generations 
from the second Baron. If any readers can 
add to this somewhat bald epitome of facts we 
shall be very glad to publish any particulars 
they can send us for the benefit of their 
American brother, to whom we venture to 
offer their felicitations, with our own. — Ed. 


Sir, — The serious decline in the number of 
houses built, during the last si.x or seven years 
has brought forward the important problem 
of how the people are to be housed. The 
need at the {.resent time is acute, not only 
in munition centres, but in practically all 
large urban districts and also in rural areas, 
and when the war is over and the thousands 
of married soldiers return to civil life the 
matter will call tor urgent and immediate 
attention. To illustrate the decrease in build- 
ing, may I draw attention to the number 
of houses built in Manchester, where the 
aveiage normal number built has been about 
2,900 houses a year prior to 1910? 

In 1911, 1,578 houses were greeted. 

In 1912. 1,072 houses were erected. 

In 1913, 997 houses were erected. 

And in 1914, 748 houses were erected. 

These figures are typical of the state of 
affairs in the country generally, and in the 
interests of the people at large an inquiry 
into the reasons for this decline is very badly 

We have had opinions expressed very fre- 
quently and w^th great pertinacity by many 
advocates of the State and local authorities 
undertaking the supply of houses, and they 
assume that the decrease is a sign that private 
enterprise in building houses is dead, and the 
public authorities must take over the job. 

As your readers will be well aware, the 
private individual has only ceased to build 
houses because of very definite and deliberate 
attacks which have been made upon him 
and his wares in almost every direction. Not 
only have attacks been made on the private 
builder, but as a result of the activities of 
interested people it has become almost a 
disgrace to be a property owner. 

The possibility of the State providing the 
capital to supply all the houses required is 
a very remote one — the very magnitude of 
the subject is a conclusive answer to that, 
the approxim,ife cost of houses necessary to 
make up the shortage to date will be about 
£150,000,000, and after that an annual ex- 
penditure of about £30.000.000 is required 
to maintain the supply and allow for the 
natural increase in population. If any re- 
former expects that the country will" find 
those amounts after the war, he is, in the 
language of Mr, Micawber, " very sanguine 
and will be grievously disappointed." 

To those comparative few who are familiar 
with the practical, financial, and legal de- 
partments of housebuilding it is well known 
that the only real .solution of this problem 
is to make it worth while to invest in pro- 
perty, to reinstate property once more in its 
proper position as one of the safest and best 
securities of the country. When that is done 
the housing question will cease to exist. 

I do not wish to outline the various disa- 
bilities under which builders or property 
owners exist, it would take too much of 
your space, but my Association is arranging 
for an important conference to be held in 
Manchester at an early date to voice the 
o|iiTiions of all who are interested in property 
and to draw the attention of the authorities 
to definite steps which should be taken im- 
mediately with a view to achieving the atiove 

It is hoped that the conference will prove 
of great value to builders and to all who 
are interested in real property, as steps are 
being taken to make it a practical business 
conference in every way. I shall be happy jto 
hear from anvone interested, anfl will chidly 
CTive .Tov further nai-ticulars desired. — Yours 

Norman McKellen. .Secretary , 

Manchester and District House Builders' 
Association, 27. Brazennose St., Manchester. 


Sir, — At the annualsummer meeting of the 
National Federation of Building Trades 
Employers of Cireat Britain and Ireland, held 
at the Old Ship Hotel, Brighton, a resolution 
in favour of the metric system was p,assed. 
If I may be permitted to cap the amusing 
tale told in favour, the trades are like the 
starling who sat in the open door of his 
cage and shouted to all and sundry, " I can't 
get out ! " 

Our British system contains already a con- 
cealed meter of 39.6 inches, and the ton of 
2.240 lbs. is "metric" in relationship to this 
meter. The rod of brickwork is exactly 25 
square British meters, and, no doubt, every 
other measure could be at least as con- 
veniently stated in the British Decimal 
vSystem as in the Metric. The master 
builders could adopt the B.D.S. at once, and 
nobody could prevent it. There is no need to 
wait for the metric scale .and cry, "I can't 
get out ! " — Your faithfully. 

E. A. W. Phillips, M.InstC.E.. 

Author of " Trade and the 

Metric System." 

Rawdon House, 4. Avmer Road, Hove. 


Second-Lieutenant Douglas Morley Griffin, 
A.R.I.B.A., King's Liverpool Regiment, who 
has died of wounds, aged twenty-six, was 
articled to Messrs, Harris and Hobson, of 
Liverpool, and attended the Liverpool Uni- 
versity School of Architecture, passing the 
certificate examination in 1910. Having com- 
pleted his articles, he became assistant to 
Mr. Henry Hartley, F.R.I.B.A., of Liver- 
pool, and was elected an Associate of the 
Royal Institute of British Architects in 
December, 1914. 

Second-Lieutenant John Kingston Ground, 
A.R.I.B.A., 10th Bn. Royal West Kent Regi- 
ment, has been killed in action. Second- 
Lieutenant J. K. Ground received his pro- 
fessional education in the Architectural 
Association Schools, and served his articles 
with Messrs. Forsyth and Maule, afterwards 
becoming an assistant in their office. He 
was elected an Associate of the Royal Insti- 
tute of British Architects in 1912, and lateo- 
entered into partnership with Mr. Hubert 
Bensted, A.R.I.B.A., Week Street, Maid- 

The deatli of Sir William Henry Power, 
K.C.B., F.R.C.S., occun-ed on Friday, at his 
residence. Holly Lodge, East Molesey, aged 
seventy-three years. Sir William, who was 
Principal Medical Officer to the Loca.1 
Government Board from 1900 to 1908, and 
had been a medical inspector under the 
Board from its incorporation in 1871, held 
the Buchanan Medal for services to sanitary 
science, especially in the spread of diphtlieria 
by means of milk supplies and of lead poison- 
ing through wa-ter supplies. He was a mem- 
ber of the General Council of iSlediical Edu- 
cation during the eight years he acted as 
chief medical adviser to the Local Govern- 
ment Boartl, served as chairman of the 
Royal Commission on Tuberculosis, and was 
a m.ember of the Royal Commission on 
Sewage Di-sposal. 

Mr. John Tonge. a well-known master 
plumber in Henry Street, Rochdale, and 
chairman . of the board of guardians of that 
borough, died on .Monday in last week, aged 
66 years. In 1902 Mr. Tonge was elected 
president of the National AssociatioTi of 
Master Plumbers, and continued to hold that 
office on its transformation into the Instijwte 
of Plumbers ; he had been a member 
of the Council of the Institute, and one of 
its representatives on the London Advisory 
Board for technical examinations. Recently 
he had been one of the assessors on the 
Rochdale Munitions Tribunal, representing 
the employers. In Rochdale he had been 
president "of the local master plumbers' 
organisation, and also president at one time 
of the Rochdale and District Merchants' ,ind 
Tradesmen's Association. He held high 
office in Freemasonry, in which he was P.ast 
Provincial Grand Superintendent of Works ; 
a member of the Royal Arch Chapter of 



Aug. '2, 1916. 


I nilv. tilling its priiuii^jal ufliio in 1897; ami 
I'liat Provincial Assistant Director of C«re- 

The <Ienlh is recorded of Mr. Sidney 
Tlionias I'lechner, a well-known builder, of 
.Stoke Newington. The decea.ied had recently 
jiurchased a motorcycle and side-car, and", 
accompanied by a friend, was travellin>; to 
Brighton on Friday week in 'order to visit 
his invalid wife. An accident occurred near 
Haywards Heath, and Mr. Prechncr subse- 
(|uently succumbed to the head injuries which 
he received. Mr. I'rechner, who was 36 
years of at;e, resided at 67, Jlanor Road, 
Stamford Hill, and leaves five children in 
addition to the widow. A jirominent Free- 
mason, he was the founder of the Royal 
Geor^'e Lodge, No. 3539. of which he was the 
Worshipful Alaster at the time of his death. 
At the commencement of the war he recoj,'- 
nised his responsibilities as a citizen bv join- 
ing the ranks of the Stoke Newington Special 
Constabulary, and he maintained this connec- 
tion to the last 

■ >-«o»— < 



Katk. — In the House of Lords on Thursd.iy. 
jtidgnient was given by Lords Haldanc, Sum- 
ner, Parmoor. and AVreiibur)' tin the r.iting 
appeal broupht by tlie Associated Newspapers, 
Ltd.. and Others v. t!ie City of London Cor- 
IX>ration. ,The action rjiistxl tho <iu«e.stion 
whether the appellnnt companies, as owners or 
occupiers of certain land reclaimed from the 
River Thames, were exempted from the pay- 
ment of the police rate now levicMj and eol- 
Knted under the consolidated rate. In 1767 was 
enacted a statute whose purposes included the 
completion of the Plackfriars Bridge, the re- 
demption of the tolls Jevi<'d on tliat and on 
London Bridge, the rebuilding of Kewgate 
Gaol, the repair of the Royal Exchange, and 
(which is the relevant matter in the present 
appeal) the embanking of part of the north 
side of the River Thames reaching from the old 
Temple Gardens to Blackfriars. on which mjiny 
buildings have been erected facing the river. 
The Act of 1767, Section 51. cap. 37. contained 
a declaration that the reclaimed lands should 
rest in the owners of adjoining lands "fres 
from all taxes and assessments whatsoever." 
The appellants' contention was that the oolice 
rate w-as really the old watch rate, and that it 
came within the exemption. The Divisional 
Court, following the authority of Sion College 
V. London Corporation, 1901, held in favour of 
this contention. The Court of Appeal, how- 
ever. ^^■^^e of opinion that it was for all prac- 
tical purposes a new rate, and, therefore, tliat 
the appellants must pay it. From that de- 
cision this appeal was 'brought. . Their 
Lordships gave judgment allowing the ap- 
peal. Lord Sumner dissenting. In his judg- 
ment Viscount Haldane dealt with the cases of 
Williams v. Pritohard, Ecbngton v. Borman, 
Perohard v. Heywpod, and R. v. 'London Gas 
Light Company, and came to the conclusion 
that the learned judges in the Court of Appeal 
who decided the Sion College case did so under 
a misapprehension as to the effect of thos3 
authorities. He then turned to the construction 
of the language of the statute itself, and 
arrived at the conclusion that the object was 
TO encourage the landowners to reclaim the 
land by giving them exemption from all local 
taxes and assessments, whether then existirig or 
thereafter to be imposed. The result of this 
judgmeait is therefore that the owners and 
occupiers will not in future have to pay the 
rate in question. 


TiT THE Government : A Compromise. — In 
the House of Lords, on Thursday. Lords Lore- 
burn. Parker, and Sumner sat to consider 
appeal from an order of the Court of Appeal 
affirming an order of Mr. Justice Avory in 
favour of the Cixjwn on a petition of right. 
The Attorney-General, on belialf of the Grown, 
stUed that, subject to the assent of their lord- 
ships, it had been arranged that the appeal 
should be withdrawn by consent on terms 
agreed upon by the parties. In December, 
1914-. the military authorities, with the consent 
of the suppliants, entered into possession of 
hind and buildings belonging to and occupied 
V)y the suppliants for the purposes of an avia- 
tion ground, and they continued to retain pos- 
session. The land was required as a training 
ground for troops. The learned judge found 
as a fact that the possession of the land and 
premises was, in the opinion of the conipetent 
military authority, necessary for securing the 
public "safety andthe defence of the realm, and 
that such possession was intended to continue 
only for such time as might be required by 

tiic exigenei^'s of the prCM-nt war. Tiu- .'-up 
pliants claimed a declaration that they were 
lawfully entitled undor tne Defence Act, 1842, 
and the Acts amending it to proper conii>ensa- 
tion ft»r the land ami premises ."^o t;iJct'n aiul 
iicld. Tile Attorney-General maintained tliat 
iiossession of the land and premises was tJiken 
by virtue of the Royal I'rerogiitive and under 
the Defence of the Realm (Consolidation) Act. 
19H. and that the supijliants had no lejfal right 
to compensation ; but the Crown w-iis willing, 
as matter of grace, to grant compensation on 
certain terms. Mr. .Justice Avor\- gave judg 
nient in favour of the Crown, laml his <lecision 
was- afterwards afTirmed by the Court of 
-Vjipcal (Lord Cozcns-Hardy. Master of 
the Rolls, and Lords Justices Pickford 
and Warrington). The Attorney-General said 
that ho had come to the conclusion that 
in the special circumstances the suppliants 
had some ground for stipposing that the 
Crown had proceeded under the Defence 
.\ct. 1842, which provided for comiiensation. 
The Crown therefore assent<;<l in this particular 
case to paying compensation to the suppliants, 
to be fixed by arbitration under t he Lands 
Clauses Act. 1845, as provided by the Act of 
1842 and the Acts anionding it. The appeal 
was therefore by consent withdrawn on terms 
agreed on by the parties. 

Methopolitax Water Bo.ard and Their Con- 
tractors. — In the King's iBench Division on 
Thursday and following days, before Mr. Jus 
tice Bruy, tile Metropolitan Water Board 
asked for a declaration th<it a contract in 
volving over £673,800 between them and 
Messrs. Dick. Kevr and Co., Ltd., contractors, 
for tho construction of certain reservoirs near 
the Thames at Littleton, by Staines, had not 
been rendered void in consequence of action 
taken bv the i\Iinisti-y of Munitions. The latter 
body luid notified defendants that they 'were not 
to employ any workmen for the time being, as 
thev were wanted elsewhere, and they requisi- 
tioned part of the plant, for which they paid 
£40.000. Plaintiffs claimed this sum under the 
contract. Mr. Holman Gregory, K.C., and 
Mr. Goodland appeared for the plaintiffs, the 
Water Board, and Mr. A. A. Hudson, K.C.. 
and Mr. Hogg were couiusel for the defendants. 
Messrs. Dick. Kerr and Co., Ltd, The defen- 
dants contended that by reason of an order to 
sto]i work received from the Minister of Muni- 
tions they could not go on with the contract. 
Its further performance became impossible and 
illegal, and it came to an end. Mr. Hud.son, 
K.L'., argued on the facts that the contract 
was extinguished. If it was not, the defendants 
might be held back indehnitely and yet would 
have to be ready to go <m again at any 
moment. That would mean that a qi.iantity 
of capital must be kept locked up in readiness 
to carry on. though permission to do so might 
never be given. In his judgment, delivered 
on Monday. Mr. Justice Bray found that the 
contract was not abrogated, and that under 
clause 10 of the contract the niant which was 
placed on the works was tJie limited property 
of the Water Board. He also held that the 
defendants were not bound to repay the money 
already received from the Ministry of Muni- 
tions. He granted an injunction against defen- 
dants removing any machinery or receiving 
the proceeds of the sale of any machinery re- 
moved, or that might' hereafter be removed, 
except so far as thtn' were acting as agents 
under the order of the Ministry of Munitions. 
Costs would follow the event. 

Increment Value Duty. — Bolton v. Inland 
Revenue Commissioners. — In this action, heard 
by iMr. Thomas Jones, F.S.I., M.I.C.E., of 
Messrs. Ta.op, Jones and Co., Little George 
Street, S.W., Mr. R. J. Bolton a,ppealed 
against increment value duty of £4 assessed 
by ithe Commissioners of Inland Revenue as 
arising u,pon the sale in April. 1913. to the 
London County Council of two houses and 
shops Nos. 2 and 3, High Street, Woolwich. 
The Referee has just issued his decision in 
favour of *lie Crown, no costs being asked for 
or awarded. The appellant purchased 2 and 
3. High Street, Woolwich, in 1903 for £700. 
Xo. 2 was let at 17s. 6d. per week, landlord 
paying outgoings; No. 3 was let on a ground 
rent of £5 5s. nier annum for about eight years 
unexpired. The tenant, when pres.sed to do 
certain repairs, offered to surrender the lease, 
which appellant acceptKl, and did the repair; 
himself at a cost of £30 16s. 6d. Therefore the 
property cost him £730 16s. 6d.. plus out-of 
pocket expenses. The London County Council 
forced him *o sell the property for £750. The 
appellant claimed that he made no profit out 
of the proi«M-ty, and that the assessment of 
increment value duty noon a sale in April. 
1913. was. in effect, taxing the buildings and 
not the site value. In the course of his evi- 
dence the appellant stated that the provisional 

\iiliiatiiin s*'i-ved upon him on SeptemlxT 
4, 1912, was for £325 each house in gross 
and total value, with an original site value o£ 
£105 on <a<fi. The appellant protested 
against thi^, and proiluced his deeds showing 
that he had given £700 for the property in 
1903. The Commissioners in April, 1913, 
grantfil a .substituted site value of £130 oa . 
each iMoperty, l<>aviug the value of the super- 
sti-ucturi' at £220. -The appellant by his in- 
action allowed diis sulwtituted site value to- 
automatically become .settled, ajid as there was. 
no appeal against gross total values it left the 
position as at -April, 1909, at £440 for the 
buildings and £260 for the full site value, or 
a total of £700. It 'was admitted that there 
was no in value in the buildings, and 
they had apparently det<'riorated in rental 
value owing to No. 3 being unlet for four 
years, from 1909 until 1913. Mr. J. H. Shaw, 
for the Commissioners, claimed that as 
the appellant had jiot served formal objection/ 
to the amended provisional valuations they 
automatically became finally settled, and the 
substituted site value of £260. with the build- 
ing value of £440, became the accepted value 
of the projiorty as at 1909. The outlay on re- 
pairs in 1905 could not enter into account, as 
the outlay was previous to 1909. aJid full effect 
had been given to that outlay in the amended' 
provisional valuations. This ourtlay had been 
more than recouped to the appellant by the 
surrender to him of the unexpired eight years' 
term of No. 3. The only figure, therefore, 
to be considered was the 6it<> value, as the 
value of the buildings had been .settled at 
£440. With the market value definitely fixed' 
,bv the sale to the London County Council at 
£760. a deduction of £440 for the buildings 
and £260 for substituted site value left an 
increment of £50 solely attributable to in- 
crease in site value. From this. 10 per cent, 
of £260, the substituted site value, or £26. had 
first to be deducted, leaving £24 as reduced 
increment value, one-fifth of which for every 
complete £5 {or £4) was the increased value 
dutv claimed iDy the Commissioners. The 
Referee, in his decision, held that the 
increment value duty of £4 had been properly 
arrived at and assessed in respect of the pre- 
mises under appeal, and that the claim, there- 
fore, was correctly made in respect thereof. 

Where Does a Ship's Carpenter Leave' his 
" Place of Employment " ?— Longhcrst v. Johw 
Stewart and Son and the Port of London 
Aitthority. — In the Court of Appeal on Satur- 
dav judgment was given by the Master of the 
Rolls and Lords Justices Pickford and War- 
rington in this appeal by the widow and only 
dependent of Herbert Longhurst, a carpenter, 
employed bv the respondents, a firm of engi- 
neers.' The respondents were executing repairs 
to a barge Iving in the South West India Dock 
Basin.' In November, 1915. Longhurst and a 
mate named Gunn were told to work on at the 
barge till 8 i>.m.. and were paid overtime. At 
8 p.m. thev left oft' work, both got safely from 
the barge to the quay, but, unseen by Gunn, 
Longhurst fell into the basin, where his body 
was found some time afterwards. The County 
Court Judge at Bow held that Longhurst, as 
soon as he got safely to the quay, had ceased 
to be in the employment of the res,v)ondents, in 
the sense that the "accident which hapix-ned to 
him could not be said to have occurred " in 
Ithe course " of his employment. When he got 
off the barge on to the quay he had severed 
the relationship of master and servants 
Accordingly he made his award in favour of 
the employers, and the widow appealed. 
Tlie Maste'v of the Rolls, in his ju^lgment, 
said it was laid down that a man had not 
ceased to be in his master's employment until 
he had actually got off his master's premises. 
Except for the" licence given to his employers 
by the Port of London Authority, the man could 
not have been on the quay. When he reached 
the quav he was only in the same position as 
if he had stopped work and was leaving, but 
had not left, his employers' premises. The 
distinction was this— that on the high road'the 
public could come and "O as they liked, but on 
a quav no one had a right of access except bv 
leave." The appeal would be allowed. Lords 
Justices Pickford and Warrington gave judg- 
ment to the same effect. 


The Local Government Bcwrd has sanctioned 
the borrowing by the corporation of Hudders- 
field of £4.000 for the erection of houses. 

Rifleman Walter Leonard Gissing. Queen's 
Westminster Rifles, the elder son of the late 
George Gissing. the novelist, has been killed 
in action. He was an architect by profession, 
and twenty-four years of age. 

Aug. 2, 1916. 



(Bm Offia fable. 

One of the minor directions in which 
<draughtsmen can help the war is by collecting 
all their old cloth tracings or unused tracing 
cloth and sending it to Lieut. R. D. T. Jones, 
E.E., Ministry of Munitions, Storey's Gate, 
Westminster. The cloth when boiled, washed 
and sterilised makes excellent bandages, pil- 
Jow cases, etc., for the wounded — things that 
are still badly needed. Engineers need have 
no fear that their designs will be copied, 
because all the tracings are handed to a 
responsible person to be treated. Many firms 
have already helped in this way, and we trust 
that many more will do so. There are few 
works that do not destroy dozens of yards 
of tracing linen a year, and now that this 
e-tcellent use for the waste material is pointed 
out to them we feel sure they will respond to 
Lieut. Jones's request. 

At the Victoria and Albert Museum the 
numerous gifts of furniture by Mr. Frank 
Green, of the Treasurer's House, York, are 
now on view. They are especially valuable as 
illustrating many phases of domestic craft- 
mansliip hitherto lacking at the museum. 
Among the most notable exhibits are a table 
in gilt gesso, of about 1700; a carved and 
inlaid English" backgammon table, dating 
from the latter part of the 17th century ; a 
icarved and painted chair covered with 
"petit point'' embroidery in silk and wool, 
dating from the time of William and Mary ; a 
side-table in carved and gilt wood, dating 
from about 1740 ; a case containing four large 
chairs of the eai-ly 18th century, covered with 
Mortlake tapestry ; and the canopy of a bed- 
stead from Houghton Hall, Norfolk, the resi- 
dence of Sir Robert Walpole. 

Mr. Henry Lovegrove, district surveyor, of 
Shoreditch High Street, applied last W'ednes- 
day to the local Appeal Tribunal for exemp- 
tion for his assistant, Mr. Charles Percy 
Duckering. He stated that he had been dis- 
trict surveyor for twenty-nine years, and Mr. 
Duckering had been his assistant for twenty 
years. The other members of his staff had 
been taken, and it would be very serious for 
him, with the largest London district, to be 
left alone, and would be contrary to the pub- 
lic interest. Exemption was granted until 
December 31, conditional on Mr. Duckering 
joining the Volunteer Training Corps. Mr. 
Duckering: Or Special Police? He had, he 
said, done thirteen months as a special con- 
stable. Alderman Porter : You ai'e not doing 
anything with it now '? Mr. Duckering r No. 
Several Members: V.T.C. 

At a meeting of the County Councils Asso- 
ciation, held on Wednesday, the Highways 
Committee, having considered the question 
of framing a general policy for county coun- 
cils in regard to new omnibus routes, recom- 
mended that maps be prepared, showing new 
routes of traffic and roads capable of carrying 
'bus traffic, and that as far as possible the 
councils should get the owners of omnibuses 
to co-operate by friendly arrangements as to 
the routes to be used. These recommenda- 
tions were agreed to. 

It was reported to the Westminster City 
Council at its meeting on Wednesday that 
the London County Council had been asked 
by a firm of builders to give consent to the 
erection of a ground-floor building over the 
yard of Drummond's Bank, facing the Mall 
Approach and Spring Gardens. The Im- 
provements Committee of Westminster con- 
sidered that the building, except as a tem- 
porary affair, would be objectionable, as it 
would interfere with the proposed further im- 
provement of the Mall Approach. A member 
said that materials were already on the 
ground, and the work' had evidently started. 
It was decided to inform the County Council 
that the City Council dTsapproved of the 
proposed building. 

The hon. secretary of the English Forestry 
Association will publish before long particu- 
lars of a competition between the British 
and Canadian woodmen on lines that will be 
a really practical test rather than a good- 
natured contest in felling a tree. The two 
great objects of the competition will be : — 
(11 To increase and speed-up the output of 

timber required for the war and national 
industries by creating a spirit of healthy 
rivalry between woodmen in the British Isles 
and in Canada respectively. It is hoped that 
five representative teams may be arranged 
for. (2) To institute such improvements in 
the methods, tools, and machinery for felling, 
handling, or converting timber as are proved 
by a really practical test to be advisable. 
Details have yet to be settled. 

At the last meeting of the Shoreditch 
Borough Council the electricity committee 
reported that they had received a communica- 
tion from tlije Gas Light and Coke Company 
asserting that the council's scale of charges, 
more especially that part which provided for 
a reduced charge for electric energy for light- 
ing purposes to consumers who also used 
energy for power, constituted " undue prefer- 
ence," and was therefore a breach of Sections 
19 and 20 of the Electric Lighting Act, 1882, 
and illegal. The company contended that 
they were considerably affected by the sys- 
tem, and intimated that unless the council 
would agree to discontinue this scale of 
charges, legal proceedings would be taken 
against the council. The committee asked for 
authority to defend any action which might 
be taken. Councillor T. Chapman, J. P., 
L.C.C., said he was sure every member of the 
council would congratulate the committae in 
bringing about a reduced charge, and when 
they found tl^e gas company threatening pro- 
ceedings, members of the council must be in- 
dignant, liaving regard to the charges the 
gas company were making for street lighting 
which they were not giving. They must be 
making tremendous profits out of the street 
lighting, and it was a piece of unmitigated 
impudence to take any proceedings. He con- 
gratulated the committee on taking such a 
stand, and he hoped they would stick to their 
guns. The recommendation was carried with 
out further comment. 

The programme for the ensuing season 
1916-17 of the Department of Technology, 
Exhibition Road. S.W., of the City and 
CJuilds of London Institute has just been pub- 
lished at 9d. net by John Murray, Albemarle 
Street, W. It contains regulations for the 
registration, conduct, and inspection of 
classes, and examination of students in 
technological subjects and for the award of 
teachers' certificates in manual training and 
domestic subjects. The chief alterations from 
the programme issried last year are that the 
svUabus has been revised in the subjects of 
gasfitting, silver.smiths' work, goldsmiths' 
work and jewelry, painters and decorators' 
work, and heating and ventilating engineer- 
ing. It has been redrafted in the subjects of 
electrical installation work (formerly entitled 
electrical wiremen's work), typography, 
carpentry and joinery, brickwork, masonry, 
and plasterers' work. In gasfitting the 
practical examinations will in future 
be held after the written examinations. 
In manual training as to woodwork and in 
caif^entry and joinery the material for the 
practical test is no longer supplied by the 
Institute. In brickwork and in masonry the 
examinations are now divided into three 

■Judge C'luer made some caustic remark.s 
last Friday at the Shoreditch County Court 
about the action of the Gas Light and Coke 
Company in connection with a case in which 
Edmund Layton, 121, Tottenham Road, N., 
had sued tlie company for £10 10s. for tres- 
jjnss and wilful damage to his house. Accord- 
ing to the evidence the plaintiff owned the 
house, and his tenant left on Ma,v 13. His 
wife had put up curtains and he had fastened 
the gate with wire. His wife saw the com- 
pany's inspector coming away from the house 
on May 15, liaving unfastened the gate. She 
arranged with him to come the next day to 
get the company's money out of the meter, 
iii.stead of which he opened the gate, forced 
the window and got into the house that way. 
The damage was 25s. The collector, giving 
evidence, said he thought Mrs. Layton was 
" an impertinent old lady." The judge said : 
" You thought in your high mightiness that 
she was an impertinent old lady ; her action 
was most proper." In giving judgment for 
the full claim with costs the judge said if the 
gas company had acted as a gentleman would 

have done they would never have heard of 
the case. Plaintiff w-as amply entitled to the 
damages he had claimed, and he was simply 
amazed the gas company had not offered more 
than they did. 

There are many well-known deposits of 
zinc in Ontario, but operations liave not 
been carried on in the mines during recent 
years owing to the prevailing low prices. 
Greater interest is now being shown in the 
deposits, since the present scarcity has in- 
creased the Value ot the metal. The chief 
location of zinc ores in Ontario is in the Lake 
Superior district. The old Zenith mine, 
twelve miles from Rossport, near Lalce Su- 
perior, supplied 2,000 tons of ore, 45 per 
cent, zinc, during 1900 and 1901, but the 
mine was shortly afterwards abandoned on 
account ot the low price. Other smaller and 
less fruitful deposits occur in the Thunder 
Bay and Timiskaming districts. A mine is 
located in Frontenac county, near Kingston, 
and was productive from 1905 to 1910. The 
greater part of the Canadian ore coipes from 
British Columbia and was formerly refined 
in Kansas and Oklahoma, but an electric re- 
duction furnace is at present in operation in 
the Rossland district. 

On a large estate on the western or the 
Staffordshire bank of Dovedale tree-felling 
is proceeding upon a scale which has aroused 
anxiety in many minds lest the beauty of the 
dale snould be seriously spoilt for years to 
come. It is reported that 400 fine trees have 
already been cut down and that 1,400 more 
are marked out for destruction. Certainly 
there is an urgent demand for liome-gTown 
timber now that the foreign supply is re- 
stricted, but, with this in mind, a strong 
and growing protest is being jnade against 
what is happening. 

The matter has special importance to 
Derbyshire and Staffordshire, the counties 
which have a geographical share in Dove- 
dale, but all England is interested in the 
preservation of the dale's far-famed beauty. 
Both banks ot the Dove are well wooded, 
but the finer trees are on the Staffordshire 
side. The plantations cover a considerable 
area, and include thousands of beech and 
pine, the beech bordering the river and the 
pine standing higher up. As the public are 
denied access to the Staffordshire bank, ex- 
cept for about forty yards at the Ham Rock, 
it is not easy to ascertain the full effect of 
the tree-telling. But at the rocks known 
as the Tissington Spires, near the Thorpe 
Cloud end of Dovedale, there are significant 
indications of destruction along about 200 
yards o£ the river bank. The trunks of some 
sixty trees lie on the ground, and on the 
hill" some fifty to sixty more can be seen. 
The cutting-down among the dark masses 
of the pines has not yet made much differ- 
ence to the landscape, but the fallen and 
stripped beeches beside the river, 'tlie frag- 
ments of branches and foliage strewn 
around, the gashed stumps left^ in tflie 
ground, and the general untidiness are 
melancholy traces of what is being done. 
The destruction of so many magnificent trees 
is a matter for .sincere regret. 


L.4ND V.\Ln.A.TIOX : A Nkw Fokm Expi.\ixed. 
—In the House of Commons, on Thursday, Mr. 
Rendall asked the Chancellor of the Excliequer 
whether it is with his knowdedge and sanction 
that thousands of forms (V.O. 71) are being deli- 
nered to property owners by the Land Valua- 
tion Department? Is he aware that in these 
forms the recipient is asked to sign and return 
a statement that he does not desire to take 
advantage of the existing undertaking to extend 
the time for giving notice of objection to the 
valuations made by the Department for the 
duration of the war? And seeing that this 
action is a breach of the spirit of the under- 
taking, would lie say wliat step he proposed to 
take? Ml-. McKenna writes in reply; My lion, 
friend appears to be under a raisapprphension. 
Form V.O. 71 is only issued in those case.s 
ivhere the owner or person interested in the 
land himself desires to obtain a settlement of 
the provisional valuation. 

> »»» < 

The thirty-second list of Members, Licentiates, 
and Students U.I.B.A.. -servin.g witli the force.", 
gives a total to date of 64 Fellows, 472 Asso- 
ciates, 270 Licentiates, and 282 Students. 



Aug. 2, 1916. 


I < t 

N.B.— All prions must t>u rv);artled as merely ap- 
proximate for the present, Ab our usual Buurcea ul 
informalioo an> in many ea^cs failing us. 


Owing to stoppitge of supplies all prices 
h»v6 advanced considerably. 

IRON. Parlon. Per ion. 

Rolled Steal Joists. Rnitlish £20 0to£21 

Compound Girders, Ordinary 

Sections 22 0„ 23 

Compound Slancbions 23 0,, 24 10 

A Mk'les, Tees, Channels and Flitch 

Plates 20 10 0„ 2110 

Wrought-lron Girder Plates 13 10 „ 13 12 6 

Steel Girder Platei 13 15 „ 13 17 6 

Steel Sheets iSingle or Double) .. 1110 0,, — 

Steal Strip 10 15 0„ — 

Bttjic Bars 1115 0,. — 

Mil.l Steel Bars 18 ,, 18 10 

Steel Uirs, Ferro - Concrete 

guality(biisis price) 18 ,, — 

Bar Iron, good Stalls 16 ,, 17 

Do., Lowmoor, Flat, Round, or 

Square, to 3A cwt 24 o „ — 

Do., BlatTordshJre Crown 16 ,, 16 10 

Boiler Plates, Iron — 

South Stalls 8 0,, 8 15 

Bait Snedshill 9 „ 9 10 

.Unifies, 10s., Tees 20s. per ton extra. 
Builders' Hoop Iron, for bonding, £18 to £18 10s. 
Ditto galvanised, £32 lo £32 10s. per ton. 

QaUanised Corrugated Sheet Iron- 
No. 18 to 20. No. 22 to 24. 

6ft. lo 8ft. long, inclusive Per ton. Per ton. 
gauge £30 ..£30 10 

Bestdittj 32 .. 32 10 

Per ton. Per ton. 

Cast-iron Columns £13 10 Oto£14 

Oast-Iron Stanchions 13 10 ,, 14 

RoUed-Iron Fencing Wire 8 15 „ 9 5 

Rolled-Steel Fencing Wire 7 15 „ 8 

„ „ „ Galvanised 6 5 0,, 6 15 

Cast-Iron Sash Weights 7 „ 7 10 

Cut Floor Brads 24 „ 24 5 

Corrugated Iron, 24 gauge 27 „ 28 

Qalvanised Wire Strand, 7 ply, 

14B.W.G 14 5 0,, — 

B.B. Drawn Telegraph Wire, Galvanised— 

Oto8 9 10 11 12 B.W.G. 

£10 10s. £10 15s. £11 Os. £11 5s. £11 l.Ss. per ton. 
Oast-Iron Socket Pipes — 

3 in. diameter £7 5 to £7 12 6 

4in.»o6in 7 0,, 726 

7 in. to 24 in. (all sizesi 7 7 6,, 7 12 6 

[Coated with composition, 5s. Od. per ton extra. 
Turned and bored joints, Ss. per ton extra.] 
Pig Iron— Per ton. 

Cold Blast, Lillieshall 177s. 6d. to 182s. 6d. 

Hot Blast, ditto 115s. Od. „ 125s. Od. 

Wrought-lron Tubes and Fittings— Discount off 
Standard Lists f.o.b. (plus 2^ per cent.)— 

Oai-Tubes 52} p.c. 

Water-Tubes 47J ., 

Btaam-Tubes 421 ., 

Qalvanised Gas-Tubes 30" ,, 

Qalvanised Water-Tubes 23| ,, 

Qalvanised Steam-Tubes 17J „ 


Per ton. Per ton. 
Lead Water Pipe, Town •£36 10 to — 

I, „ „ Country '37 10 0„ — 

Lead Barrel Pipe, Town •37 10 0„ — 

.■ ,, „ Country •38 10 0,, — 

Laad Pipe, tinned inside, Town '38 10 „ — 

I, „ „ „ Country ^39 10 „ — 

Lead Pipe, tinned inside and 

outside Town *41 0,, — 

„ „ „ „ Country »42 0,, — 

Composition Gas-Pipe, Town.. ^39 10 ,, — 

„ „ Country 'W 10 „ — 

Lead Soil-pipe (up to 4iin.) Town ♦jg 10 ,, — 

II II ,, ,, Country '40 10 ,, — 

[Over 44in. £1 per ton extra.] 

Lead, Common Brands 25 10 0„ 26 

Lead, 41b. sheet, English 35 15 ,, 36 5 

Lead Shot, in 281b. bags 24 15 0„ — 

Copper Sheets, Sheathing* Rods 148 0,, 150 
Copper, British Cake and Ingot 121 „ 123 

Tin, English Ingots 174 10 „ 175 10 

Do., Bars 175 „ 176 

Pig Lead, in Icwt. Pigs, Town .. 33 12 6„ 34 12 
Sheet Lead, Town •36 0„ — 

,, ,, Country *37 0,, — 

Qenuine White Lead "56 0,, — 

Refined Red Lead 56 „ — 

Sheet Zinc 145 0„ — 

Spelter 93 „ 110 

Old Lead, against account 24 15 0,, — 

Tin perowt. 10 10 0„ — 

Cut nails (per cwt. basis, ordinary 

brand) 13 0,, — 

• For 5 cwt. lots and upwards. 




Phone: Central 10-20. Telegrams: " Metalise. Birminnlmm." 

Bankers: The National Provincial Bank of England, 

Ltd., Bennett's Hill, Birmingham. 


in. in. 

Blue Portmadoc 20 x 10 . __ _ 

, 16 „ 8 .. 5 10 

First quality 16 „ 10 . . 10 12 6 

BlueBangor 20 ,, 10 .. II 5 

, 20 „ 12 .. II 17 6 

First quality 20 „ 10 .. 11 

£ B. d. per 1,000 of 
113 6 1,200 at r. stn, 

First <|Ualilv 20 ,, 12 

,. ' 16 „ 8 

In. in. 
Eureka unfading 

green 20 „ 10 .. 15 17 

„ 20 „ 12 .. 18 7 

18 „ 10 .. 13 5 

16 „ S .. 10 5 

Permaneai Green.. 20 ,, 19 .. 11 12 

18 ,, 10 .. 9 12 

16 „ 8 .. 6 12 

(All prices net.) 

10 12 6 
5 10 

£ 8. d. per 1,000 ol 

1,200 at r. stn. 


First Hani Stocks £2 

Second Hard Stocks. . 1 16 

Mild Stocks 1 14 

Picked Stocks for 

Facings 2 12 

Flettons 1 13 

Pressed Wire Cuts .. 1 18 

Red Wire Cuts 1 14 

Best Fareham Red . . 3 12 
Best Rrd Pressed 

Ruabon Facing 

Best Blue Pressed 

Staffordshire 5 

Ditto Bnllnose 5 5 

Best Stourbridge Fire- 
bricks 4 15 

2Jin. Best Red Ac- 1 
cringtoa Plastic I 4 10 
Pacing Bricks J 

5 5 

per 1,000 alongside, in 


delivered at 
rally, station. 

( Net, delivered in 
,, J full truck loads 
i London. 

Per 1,000 
31" Accrington Best Red Plastie Facing Bricks £2 10 

3J" ditto Second Best Plastic ditto 2 2 

Ditto Ordinary Secondary Bricks 1 11 

Ditto Plastic Engineering Bricks 117 

Sewer Arch Brick, not more than 3J in 

thickest part 2 

3J" Chimney Bricks fit for outside work 2 6 

3J" ditto ditto through and through 2 

3^" Beaded, Ovolo and Bevel Jambs; Octa- 
gons : 2^" and V' radius Bullnoses ; Stock 

patterns 3 7 

Aocrington Air Bricks, 9" X 2 course deep, each 

Ditto ditto 9" X 1 course 

Accrington Camber Arches : — 
3 course deep 4V' soffit, per foot opening 


' H- 







4 , 









2 1 

2 6 

2 1 

2 11 

3 6 

... 4 6 
Net free on rail, or free on boat at works. 



White, Ivory, and Best. 

Salt Glazed. Buff, Cream, Other 
Best. Seconds. & Bronze. Colours. 
Stretchers — 

£13 7 6 £12 7 6 £14 17 6 £18 17 6 £13 17 6 
Headers — 

12 17 6 11 17 6 14 7 6 
Quoins, BuUnose, and 4Jin. Flats— 

16 17 6 15 17 6 18 17 6 
Double Stretchers — 

18 17 6 17 17 6 
Double Headers — 

15 17 6 14 17 6 
One side and two ends, square — 

19 17 6 18 17 6 22 17 6 
Two sides and one end, square — 

20 17 6 19 17 6 23 17 6 
Splays and Squints — 

18 7 6 17 7 6 22 17 6 
Stretchers out for Closers and Nicked Double 

Headers, £1 per 1,000 extra. 

Compass Bricks, Circular and Arch Bricks, not exceed 
ing 9x4^x2^ in., of single radius, £6 per l.OOO over 
and above list for their respective kinds and colours. 

he foUojpiftj prices of Special Bricks are plus 12^ %; — 
Plinth and Hollow Bricks, Stretchers and Headers — 

5d. eaoh 4d. each 6d. eaoh 6d. each 5d. each 
Double BuUnose, Round Ends, BuUnose Stops — 

5 I. each 4d. each 6d. each 6d. each 5d. each 
Rounded Internal Angles — 

4d. each 3d. each 5d. eaoh 5d. each 4d. each 
Camber Arch Bricks, not exceeding 9x4J -. ?| in., any 
kind or colour. Is. 2d. each. 


Stretchers and Headers— 

8d. each 8d. each 8d. each 8d. each 8d. each 
Internal and External Angles — 

1/2 each 1/2 each 1/2 each 1/2 eaoh 1/2 each 
Sill BuUnose, Stretchers, and Headers — 

5d. each 4d. each 6d. each 6d. each 5d. each 

18 7 6 13 7 6 
22 7 6 17 7 6 

21 17 6 25 7 6 19 7 6 
18 17 6 22 7 6 16 7 6 

27 7 6 20 7 6 
27 17 6 21 7 6 

25 17 6 18 17 6 

Majolica or Soft Glazed Stretchers and Per 1,000 

Headers £23 17 6 

,, „ Quoins and BuUnose 28 17 6 

These prices are carriage paid in full truck loads 

to London Stations. 


s. d. 

Thames Sand 8 3 per yard, delivered. 

„ Ballast 8 3 „ „ 

Pit Sand 8 6 „ „ 


8. d. B. d. Per ton. 

Best Portland Cement 45 to 48 delivered. 

Ground Blue Lias Lime 25 6 per ton, delivered. 

Exclusive of charge for sacks. 

s. d. 8. d. Per yard. 

Grey Stone Lime 18 to 18 6 delivered, 

Stourbridge Fireclay in sacke 30s. Od. per ton at rail- 
way station. 

STONE.' £ «. d. 

Velluvv Magnesian, In blocks .. per toot cube 3 3 

Red MansHeld, ditto - „ 2 9 

White Manstleld. ditto „ 2 9 

Red CorsehiU, ditto ,, 2 6 

Uarley Dale, ditto „ 2 5 

OrcenKhill, ditto „ 2 4 

Closeburn Ueil Freestone, ditto ,, 2 2 

Ancastcr, ditto .. . „ 2 

Beer Stone, delivered on rail 

at Se iton Station „ Oil 

Ditto, delivered at Nine Elms 

Station „ 1 7i. 

Chilmark, ditto (in truok al 

Nine Elmsi „ 1 lOi, 

Hard York, ditto „ 2 

Do. do. 6 in. sawn both sides, 

landings, random sizes per foot lup. 2 8 

Do. do. 3 in. slab sawn two 

eidcK, random sizes per foot cube 13 

Bath Stone— Delivered in rail- 
way trucks at Westbourne 

Park, Paddington (O.W.R.), 

or South Lambeth (G.W.R. I „ 17 

Delivered in railway trucks 

at Nine Elms (L.&S.W.R.).. ,, 1 8i 

Delivered on road waggons 

at Nine Elms Depot „ 1 91 

Portland Stone— Brown Whit- 
bed in random bloeksof 20 ft. 

average, delivered in railway 

trucks at Westbourne Park 

(G.W.R. ), South Lambeth 

iG. W.R.I, or Nine Elms 

(L.,vS.W.R.) „ 2 5V 

Delivered on road waggons at 

Pimlico Wharf or Nine Elms 

Depot „ 2 61- 

White Basebed — 2d. per foot cube extra. 
•All F.O.R. Lati^on. 


s. d. Dlvrd.ati 

Plain red roofing tiles 42 6 per 1,000 ry. en,. 

Hip and Valley tiles 5 6 per doz. „ 

Broseley tiles 52 6 per 1.000 „ 

Ornamental tiles 55 ,, ,, 

Hip and Valley tiles 5 6 per doa. „ 

Ruabon red, brown, or brindled 

ditto (Edwards) 57 faperl,000 „ 

Ornamental ditto 60 ,, ,i 

Hip tiles 4 per doz „ 

Valley tiles 3 „ ,. 

Selected "Perfecta" roofing 

tiles: Plain tiles (Peake's).. 46 per 1,000 „ 

Ornamental ditto 48 6 „ „ 

Hip tiles 3 10*per doz. „ 

Valley tiles 3 4i ,, ,, 

"Rosemary " brand plain tiles , 48 per 1,000 ,■ 

Ornamental tiles 50 ,, i, 

Hip tiles 4 per doz. ,,. 

Valleytiles 3 8 „ „ 

Staffordshire (Hanley) Reds Or 

brindled tiles 42 6 per 1,000 „ 

Hand-made sand-faced 45 „ ,,. 

Hip tiles 5 6 per doz. „ 

Valleytiles 5 6 „ ,, 

" Hartshill " brand plain tiles, 

sand-taced 45 per 1,000 ■, 

Pressed 42 6 „ „ 

Ornamental ditto 47 6 „ n 

Hip tiles 4 per doi, „ 

VaUey tiles 3 6 ,, „ 


Rapeseed, English pale, per tun £28 15 to £29 5 C' 

Ditto, brown , 26 15 0„ 27 B 

Cottonseed, refined „ 29 „ 30 

Olive, Spanish „ 39 10 ,, 40 

Seal, pale „ 21 0,, 2110 

Cocoanut, Cochin 46 „ 46 10 

Ditto, Ceylon 42 10 0„ 43 

Ditto, Mauritius 42 10 0,. 43 3 

Palm, Lagos , 32 5 „ 33 5 

Ditto, Nut Kernel 35 0,, 35 10 

Oleine „ 17 5 ,, 19 5 

Sperm „ 30 0„ 31 0- 

Lubricating, U. 8 per gal, 7 0,, 8 

Petroleum, refined ,, 65„ 6- 

Tar, Stockholm per barrel 16 0,, 1 10 0- 

Ditto, Archangel 19 6 „ 10 

Linseed Oil per gal, 3 4,, — 

Baltic Oil 3 7,, — 

Turpentine ,, 3 7,, — 

Putty (Genuine Linseed 

Oil) per cwt. 10 6 ,, — 

Pure Linseed Oil 

" Stority " Brand „ 10 6 „ — 


English Sheet Glass 15 oz. 21 oz. 26 oz. 3Jci.. 

Fourths 4d. .. 5d. .. 6d. .. 7ja. 

Thirds 5d. .. 6d. .. 7d. ..8id. 

FlutedSheet 53d... ejd. .. - .. — 

Hartley's English Rolled J in. ft in. } in. 

Plate 4d. .. 4.W. .. 4|d, 

White. Tinted, 

Figured Rolled 4|d. .. ejd. 

RenouBsine 4.^d. .. 5Jd. 

Rolled Sheet 4id. .. — 

Stippolyte 4Jd. .. — 


Owing to the fluctuations in the market it 
is impossible to give prices for Varnishes, etc. 


Mr. Jack B. Yeats and Mr. George Atkinson, 
A;:sociates, have been elected Academicians of 
the Royal Hibernian Academy. The elections- 
liave received the approval of tlie Lords- 

Lieut- Alfred Edwin Shapley. Northumber- 
land Fusiliers, a Probationer of the A.R.I.R.A., 
ami formerly a member of the Northern- 
Aicliitecturai Association, has been killtxl itt 

Aug. 2, 1916. 




Mr. Percy Moni.*, town-planning assistant 
uiicliT the Doiic-ii.stpr Rural District Council, 
has been ^ippointod surveyor to th« Leigh 
Rural District Council. 

In succession to the late Mr. J. Westerby, 
the surveyor, the Whitley Upper Urban Dis- 
trict Council have aippointod ilr. Abraham 
Hardy, the assistant surveyor. 

The Local Government Board has granted 
to the corjxvration of iJerthyr Tydtil sanction 
to borrow £15.000, for works in connection 
with the Taf Fechan reservoir. 

Mr. F. Horbury, surveyor to the As.hby, 
Loicestei'shiro, Rural District Council, has re- 
sumed his duties under that authority, having 
been discharged from the Army medically 

Second Lieut. Arthur Basil Kemball Cook, 
Royal iFusiliers, who -vvas killed on July 1, 
ag»xl 30 years, was a scholar of Winchester and 
of New College. Oxford, and an architect by 

At Friday's meeting of the Denbighshire 
Education Committee Miss Piper, Ruthin 
County School, was appointed to supervise the 
teaching of art in the county at. a salary of 
£120 per annum, plus travelling exipenses. 

The Jlinistry of Munitions has decided that 
the employment of mild steel rods in rein- 
forced concrete is to 'be considered as the use 
of constructional steel for which a. licence is 
required, even in work of the smallest dimen- 

Godalming Town Council last week, in com- 
mittee, agreed to increase the salary of the 
borough surveyor, Mr. Alan Bromly. from 
£300 to £360 by increments of £25, the first 
to be payaiblo as from April 1 last, and the 
second as from April, 1917. 

As a. temporary war-time arrangement, the 
Hebdeai Bridge Urban District Council have 
decided to combine the offices of surveyor and 
sanitary inspector, and Mr. H. L. Bottomley. 
formerly the surveyor, has been appointed to 
the post a.t a salary of £190 per year. 

Lieutenant Frank Lionel Cassels, R.E., who 
was killed in action on July 20, was thirty-three 
years of age, and was the fourth son of tlie late 
W R. Cassels, of Buejios Aires and London. 
An engineer by profession, he had worked on 
the State railways in the Argentine, Bolivia, 
and Peru, and was assistant engineer to tJhe 
Gold Coast Railway when war broke out. 

Captain M. H. D. Parsons, F.S.I., Royal 
Horse .Artillery, and district valuer at Exeter, 
was killed in action on July 19. Captain Par- 
sons, iwho was thirty-three years of aige, was a 
son of the late Mr. H. J. D. Parsons, 
of iMessr.s. Dymond and Parsons, land sur- 
veyors, and grandson of the late Mr. Henry 
Parsons, of Miaterton, who was for many years 
agent for Lord Portman's property. 

The following have been elected to oflioe in 
the Joiners' Coinpanj' : — ^Master, Mr. John 
Russell Bedford; Upper Warden, Mr. Charles 
Comber Welch; Renter Warden, Mr. Walter 
-Aldridge. J. P. In the Tylers and Bricklayers' 
('Onij)any the api)ointments for the ensuing 
year are as follow: — Mr. Richard Moreland, 
jun.. Tudor Lodge, Frognal, Hampstead, 
Master; Mr. Frank Percy Rider, Stan.stead 
House, Diirand Gardens, Stockwell, Upper 
Warden ; Mr. George Turville Brown, 7, Carl- 
ton Road. Putney, Renter Warden. 

The Bishop of Manchester consecrated on 
July 25 the new church of St. Cuthlwrt. 
Lrthani Road, Preston. It has been built from 
designs by Mr. Temple Moore, of Hampstead, 
selected in competition by the assessor, Mr. 
\y. D. Caroe. The portion built consists of 
cnanwl, side chapel and vestries, and eastern 
riortion of the nave and its aisles, accommo- 
<lation being provided for 508 persons, at a 
cost, thus far. of over £7,000. The coinpleted 
scheme provides for two western bays to 
the nave and aisles, and a tower with entrance 
IJorch at the north-west angle of the church. 

The cornerstone of the new Pai'liament 
Buildings at Ottawa will be laid iby the Duke 
of Connaught before lie leaves in October. 
The corner.stone of the old structure, which 
was laid by Edward "VII, when Prince of 
Wales, will be the cornerstone of the new 
building-. The architects on the buildings. 
Messrs. J. C. Marchand, of Montreal, .-ind J. 
.■\. Pearson; of Toronto, who will supervise the 
architectural work under construction, will re- 
ceive 5i per cent, on the coist to five millions, 
■■nd nothing on cost beyond that fi^fure. The 
time for completion of the buildings has been 
extended from October, 1917, to December 31. 


I * I 


Iltadt^uarters, Chester House, Ecoleston Place. 


C. B. CL.W, V.D., CO-\IM.\NDING. 

HE.lDQU.iRTERS .\XD R.^NGE.— The Head- 
(fuarters will be closed during August except on 
Tuesday evenings. 'The range will be open on Thurs- 
day evenings only. On these eveming-s the iSergeant- 
Major will take charge and be resjxxnsible for the 
tiiaiii'tenance of order and discipline. Recrui'ts are 
urged to i;ike advantage ol this arrangement for 
drill and shooting. 

I.VSTRUCTIOX CL.VSSES.— Instrnctiion classes at 
Regency Street will be held as usual tor Platoons 
Xos. 9 and 10. 

CAMP.— The Camp at Ottord will be available 
until .\ugust 31. Members wishing to attend shoyld 
enter their names at Headquarters on the sheet pro- 
vided for the purpose. Ttie cost will be about 3s. 
per day. Members should provide themselves with 
two blankets, knife, fork, spoon, plate, mug, and a 
spare pair of boots. 

EXTREXCHIXG.— As many members as possible 
.should endeavour to attend the Sunday Entrenching 
Parades in order that the work to be done may lie 
completed as expeditiously as possible. Parade in 
uniform, as usual, at Victoria Station (S.E. and C. 
Rly.). Booking Office, 8.45 a.m. Members are re- 
mi'nded thait this work is of national importance, and 
therefore all who are able to put in iSaturdays or 
occasional weekdays are urged to do so. They are 
reminded that they can obtain railway vouchers 
from the booking cierk by showing their cap badges. 
By order, 


July 21, 1916. 

. >-••*-< • 

Second-Lieutenant J. Brian Cutts, York- 
shire Regiment, architect, practising at 
Chesterfield, has been wounded, and is in a 
Manchester hospital. He is twenty-seven years 
of age. 

Second^Lieutenant vReginald Price, Royal 
Warwickshire Regiment (T.F.), who was killed 
in action on July 2 was thirty-seven years of age. 
He was educated ^at Warwick School and at the 
Birmingham School of Art. Prior to the out- 
break of war ihe was Art Master at Rossall 

The death, is announced of Captain Edward 
Maurice Gregson, P.A.S.L, Loyal North Lan- 
cashire Regiment, elder son and partner of Mr. 
G. E. Gregson, of Liverpool, Preston, and 
Southport, surveyor and agent to the Hesketh 
estates. Captain Gregson, who had been at the 
front since May, 1915, was twenty-six years of 

In iSt. Matthew's parish church, Ipswich, a 
stained-glass window, having the Ascension 
as its subject, has heen erected as a 
memorial of the late Canon W. E, Fletcher, 
M,A., rector of the .parish from 1900 to 1915. 
The artists were Messrs. Arthur L. Moore and 
Son. of Augustine House, Southampton Row, 

At the last meeting of the city council of 
Birmingham, the Lord Mayor brought forward 
the report of the town-planning committee, 
and proposed that application be made to the 
Local Government Board for authority to pre- 
pare an amending town-planning scheme in 
respect of an area comprising about 24-7 acres of 
land included in the East Birmingham town- 
planning scheme. The resolution was agreed 

A meeting of the Perthshire Bran<*h of the 
Scottish Veterans' Garden City Association 
was held in the Council Chambers, Perth, on 
Friday. On the motion of Sir James Wilson 
it was agreed to the offers of Lord An- 
caster and the Callander Relief and Emer- 
gency Committee to sell 4i acres of land within 
the burgh of Callander at £50 per acre for 
the ipuiiposes of the association. The receipts 
amounted to £3,057. 

Alderman Fred Foster, chairman of the street 
improvement committee, stated at the last 
meeting of the Bradford City Council, with 
regard to the town-planning scheme in Brad- 
ford, Shipley. Clayton, and Bingley. that, in- 
stead of making a joint application for powers, 
the neigbboiu'ing authorities had decided to pro- 
ceed on their own account. The separate appli- 
cations would involive, he explained, no differ- 
ence, providing that the plans were carried out 
in conjunction with the various authorities. 

A memorial to the late 'Sir William H. White 
^Director of Naval Construction 18?5-1902), pro- 
moted by the Institution of Naval Architects, 
was handed over to the Institution of Civil 
Engineers on Wednesday. A medallion portrait 
of Sir William, shown seated, with a battleship 
in the background, has been prominently placed 
in the hall of the Institution of Civil Engineers, 
a research scholarship has been established, 
and a grant made to Westminster Hospital. 
The artist of the medallion is Mr. A. Walker. ' 


Received— M. ami Co.— I. L, (i. Co., Ltd.— P. M.— 
F. .1. W.— B. P, C. Co.. Ltd.— W. and \V,— Sir 
W. H. B. and Co., Ltd.- F. B. and Co., Ltd.— 
R. F. W. and Son— R. B. and Son. 

T. L. B.— Yes. 

Plumber.— Xotlviiig novel. 

F. S. A.— Thanks; kindly send, 

D. W. F.— IThe decision has never been " upset " ; 
nor is it likely to be. 

The Only Wat.— Readers, and they are not a few, 
who comiplain of lieing unable to obt.ain chance 
copies of thiis journal at newsagents' and book- 
-sifalls are assured dt is no fault of ours. Month 
by month the price of ])aper is still rising, and 
the dilflculty of obtaining it is increasing. Under 
these circumstances it lis impossible for us to 
supply the trade with overplus copies, or for 
them to stock them, only to have tJiem left on 
their hands as returns. The only way to secure 
regular delivery, therefore, is lor readers to sub- 
scribe direct to the office, or to place a regular 
order with their newsagent or bookstall. To 
readers who are distant from such, or whose 
newsagents or booksellers then fail to supply, 
we will send the paper while the war lasts, post 
tree, direct from the office, for 4d. per copy, 
or 4s, 4d. per quarter, prepaid. 


Telephone DALSTON 13S8. 

Many years connected with 
the late firm of W. H. 

Bmiliill Row. 

Mildmay Avenue, ISLINGTON, N. 









120. Bunhill Row. London. E.C 


♦*♦ Correspondents would in all cases oblige by 
siring the addresses of tbe parties tendering— at any 
rate, of the accepted tender : it adds U tbe value of the 

Aldershot.— For paintin" and decor.ative work to 
the exterior and interior of the AUlershot and 
County Secondary School. Messrs. KJnghani and 
Kingham, Bank House, Aldershot, architects and 
surveyors : — 

Atkins, S., and iSon, .■Vldershot .. £386 10 

Wells Bros., Aldershot . . . . 2"23 10 

Kemp, G., and Co., Aldershot.. 212 15 

Crosby and Co., Ltd., Farnham* 191 15 

(.■Architect's estimate, £200.) 


Belmont.— For repairs to roofs and chimnev stacks 

at the workhouse, for the Metropolitan .\sylums 

Board : — 

Smith, H. P., Ltd £70 

(Recommended for acceptance.) 
BiTENOs AIRES.— For under-frames and bogies for 
motor coaches and bogies for trailer coaches, for the 
Western Railway Co. of Buenos Aires: — 

Leeds Forge Co. (accepted) .. .£70,000 
Darlaston.— For the extension erf the sewer in 
Heath Read, for the urban district council: — 

Child and Withers £440 13 9 

(Recommended for acceiytance.) 
Droylesden.— For painting buildings and plant at 
the gasworks, for the Manchester Giis Committee:— 
Steel, ,T. W., Rusholme, Manchester (accepted). 
Grangemouth. -For the provision of a new corru- 
gated iron roof tor the gas retort house, for the 
coriioration : — 

Browniee, Murray, and Co., Glasgow ' (accepted). 
Greenwich.— For resurfacing the roadway of 
jruninel .A,ven,ue from W<x>hvich Road to Blackwall 
Lajie, for the Greeaiwich Borough Council: — 
Tarmac, Ltd. (.accepted) .. ..£2,278 
Halifax. — For the construction of a .steel bridge, 
over the dam at the electricity works, for the 
Halifax /Tramways Committee : — 

Webb, J., .and Sons (.accepted).. £.369 
Hammersmith, W.— For carrying out the improve- 
ment of the iHythe Road appro.ach road, exclusive 
of the widening of the r.ailway bridges, for tihe 
Hammensmith Bomugh Council: — 

Ford. .1. £1.992 7 4 

Parry. E.. ^amd Co. 1.638 

.\di;i'ms. T 1,482 9 2 

Mandrrs. W., and C-o 1,470 12 7 

Bruliimcll, F, (J 1,284 13 8 

Rogers, E., and Co 1,280 

Grillith.'!, W., and Co,. Ltd. .. 1,251 4 (i 
Winipey, (;.. and Co, .. .. 1,249 18 7 

Mowleiii, .1., and Co.. Ltd* .. 1,154 12 6 
Keighley.— For in.stalling at the' gasworks a ball- 
washer •.icniblnT. for the corporation : — 

Clapha'in lirotlu-rs (accepted). .,£1,028 

For a waste-oil distillation pliint at the gasworks:— 

Cheniiical, E,ngincerinK Co. and 

Wilton's Patent Fupriaco Co... 1,100 




An;. 2. 191U. 

LiUb^rTH, S.K.— For iKiviiif; Willi ii.-«|>ti:i1t llic i-ur- 
liaKruii.v iif I'lUKT Kt-lMllliutt»ii l.iiiU". S.K., for Ilu- 
l>oroiii;h t-oniicil. ui) For 'J 111. i-i>iiipri-s.M-(l u^Ilhill(4^ 
cxi'Iusivf of i-oiuTt tv foiiTuliition (;»ii upprtrximiitc 
Jirvn 4»f lo.oiMi .■^tijii-r. .\iirtif>; i^) for rtiiistiitint: ^^l^■ 
fHttt. of t.r*'iii-lu\-. with i-oiii|(m-^.-.tMl a-<|iliiiltt' '2 in. in 
tlitokiu'iv. fx*-lusivt' of t'oiu'ix'U' foiinct;tti*ni ; let for 
Miaint4iiii:nK ftt tlio oxpirjiti(»n of two yvuTs frtn- 
mill lit fiKiJH'4* for u furtlKT peri*^! of live yi-ars Uk- 
ntM>xv-mfiitJoiif<i itTfft of pavliiK; — 
LiinnuT Asphalu- I'avins Co., Hil., Caxton Hoiife, 

W.-stniiiisU-r. ill) Uts, ilil.. ill) l:is. M.. and (c) 9d. 

>aril .-iupfr. (r^Toiniti'ndwi for ai-fi-pt :uu'f). 
Viil ik' TraviT.i .'\^pll».ltl! I'nvinK Co.. Ltd., Ilnrailton 

Hoiw.. K,5. HisliopsgaU'. K.C., (a) 10s. M., (ft) 

12s. fid., anil (r) lOd. 
FrtrK-h Asplialt* Co.. Ltd., 5, Laurom-e PotiMn*)- 
Hill. B.C. (0) lis. 3d., (6) lis. M., and (<■) Is. 

Lambktii. S.E.— For tli« suiipl.v and delivery of 
llKi.WHi li-in. by 3-in. liy 5in. <re<)sot*ci deal paving 
blot-It*, for 19if liorouch fouiu-il : — 

(frimtJi.-. W.. and Co.. Ltd., 
Hamilton House. Bisliopspat*. 
E.C. pi-r I.oou i'22 

Hurt, Iloullon. and Hayward, 
Ll<l., r.4. Cannon .strtx-t-. K.C. .. 20 13 9 

Acmf FUxirinR luid PavinR Co.. 
Ltti.. (iaiiisUvrouph Road. Vic- 
toria Park. X.K 20 10 

Cabritl. T.'. and Sons and Bur- 
toius. ConiMUDial Road. S.E. .. 20 10<kT. R.. Ni'wburn Sawmills, 
Wtwt, Hartlfpool 20 3 6 

Improvtd Wood PavemMnt Co., 
Ltd., 4«. Quttn Victoria Str*<et, 
K.C.* 19 11 9 

Burnett. W".. and Co.. Ltd., Nel- 
son Wharf. MilKvall. K. .. 19 10 
•Recommended for aeceptani-e. 

L«MBETH. S.K.— For thickening the concrete car- 
riaceway foumiatnon. Fpper Kennington Lane, for 
the Itorouch council: — 

Farrow. H.. 20, Harrington Road. 

Brixton. S.W .£3.445 

.i^nderson. G. J... 26, Lower North 

Street, Poplar. E 3,868 6 8 

French Asphalte Co.. Ltd., 5, 

L,aur«nce Pountney Hill. E.C... 3.349 3 11 
.Smith. P.. 100. Salisburv Road, 

Kilhurn, N.W 3,262 10 

Griffltihs, W.. and Co., Ltd., 

H.amilton House, Bishopsgate, 

E.C 3,230 10 

Improved Wood Paving Co., Ltd., 

46, Queen Victoria Street. E.C. 3,132 10 
Acme Flooring aoid Paving Co., 

Gain.shorough Road, Victoria 

Park, N.e: 3,125 

Minders, W., and Co., Leyton 

Green. ILerton, E. .. .. 3.063 

Mowlem and Co., Ltd.. Grosvenor 

Wharf. Westminster. S.W. .. 2.822 18 4 
Coles, A. >'., Ltd.. Point Ple,%sant 

Wh.-urf. Wandsworth. S.W. .. 2.6S9 11 8 
Bover. H., Terminus Wharf. Pad- 

dington Basin. W.' .. .. 2..'!16 13 4 
•Recommended ior acceptance. 

Leicester. — For the construction of about 160 
lineal yards of 9-in. pipe sewers, in London and, Wel- 

ford Roads, for the corporation. Mr. E. G- Jlaw- 
bey, borough engineer and surveyor; — 

Bowles and Son. Gladstone Street £420 

.lohnson & Langlev. West Bridge ,S98 19 

Stranger. W., Parliament Street 395 

Palmer, A. E., Glenfield .. -- 382 15 
Chapman. J., and Sons, Ltd., 

Rutland Avenue 337 

Emery and Co.. Birmingham .. 298 5 7 
St.impson and Rollston. Donning- 

ton Street (accepted) .. .. 287 

LiSTOWEi.— For the construction of a sewer in con- 
neetioin with the fever hospital, for the Rural Dis- 
trict Council:— 

Carniody, J .£4.1 

Cronin. .T. (accepted) .. .. 40 

Lewisium, S.E. —For in.-talling wiring and llttingo 
for ele'.-tnc lighting at tJu- County Secondar.i School, 
Forest Hill, for the Umilon County Council: — 
Tredegar*, Ltd., Brook Street, W, .£864 U 
Tacklty, W .C, and Co., Ltd., 

Hlvtlie Itond. Kensington .. 671 in 
Cash, II. .1.. and Co., Ltd., C;u- 

toTi House, Westminster ,. 619 15 

,\lpha Manuf:icturing Co,, Har- 

ber.son Iload, Balham . . . . 576 5 
Hawkins. .Vlex., and Sons, London 
Road, Soiithwark (accepted) .. .'.72 .1 (i 
LiVERPoni..— For cleaning and painting, at the 
Fauakerley annexe, for the coTporation : — 
Merrick, W., 16, Benson Street, 

Liverp<Tol £62 

(Kwommended for acceptance.) 
LiVEiU'OOi..— For draining ■and ri'pairing brickwork 
at the City Hospital East, for the cori)oratlon : — 
Rimmer Bros., Lialton Street, 

West Derby Street, Liverpool .. .£46 17 6 
(Hecommended for acceptance.) 

LiVERpnoi..— For painting and sundry rep.airs at the 
various i;i)>rarieis, for tlhe corporation. Recomm«ided 
for accti)t;ince : — 

Garston library :— 
Brown and Backliouse .. .. £143 

Kensington library : — 
Mooney, W., and Sons .. .. 97 fi 

Walker Art Gallery: — 

Mooney, W., and iSoas .. .. 40 15 

Windsor 'Street reading-room : — 

Roberts, J., and Co 35 ID 

West Derby library :— 

Desoer, C 34 

Old Swan library : — 

Mooney, W., and Sons .. .. 32 17 

Rawdon library: — 

CTarke, T. S., and Co 30 13 

Liverpool. — For repairing roads at the City Hos- 
pital, Parkhill. for the corporation: — 
Wright, G., 18, The Elms, Peel 

Street. Liverpool .£81 1 2 

(Recommended for acceptance.) 

Liverpool. — For washing wards and clearting laun- 
dries at tie City Hospital, Parkhill, for the cor- 
poration: — 

Moonev, W.. and Sons, 26, Sahool 

Lane, Liverpool £107 15 

(Recommended for acceptance.) 
London, S.W. — For supply of twist- drills (schedule 
No. 96), for the Londo-n County -Ciouncil. ,\ccepted 
tenders: — 

Items 1 and 2: — 
Oshorn, S., and Co., Ltd.. Clyde SteelworTcs, Shef- 
Item 8: — 
.lonas. Sir .1., Colver and Co.. Ltd., Continental Steel- 
works, Sheffield. 

M.tNCHESTER.— For the supply of a patent P.K. 
motor-driven vai)oriser, for the Manchester Ga^s 
Committee : — 
Procter, F. M., and Co.. Old Traftord (accepted). 

M.ANCHESTER; — For the supply of cast-iron main 
pipes, for the gas committee: — 
Holwell Iron Co., Ltd., A-slordhy, Melton Mow-bray 
Rochester. — For the erection of a slaughter hall, 
cooling room, lairage and pens, on the Common, for 
Messrs. Payne and Co. Mr. C. W. Thompson. 
.^.R.I.B.A., P.A.S.I., Bank Chambers, Rochester, 
architect : — 

Gates, G., and Sons, Frindsbury £1,189 n 
Baker, G., and Son, Strood .. 1,110 n 
Webb. A. G., Rochester .. 1,100 

Harden and Head, Maid.stone .. 982 
Skinner, C. E., and Son, Chatham 

(accepted) 948 

(.Architect's estimate, £970.) 
ShoreH-IM.— For painting work at the workhouje. 
for the guardians : — 

Gillam, G. (accepted) .. ,, £65 

S01TH.4MPT0N.— For installing electric lighting ,at 
the eastern district school, for the education com- 
mitteee: — 

Taplin, H. C. (accepted) .. .. £250 

Tooii.xr,, S.E —For painting <ind repairs at ceme- 
tery, for tUr Ljimbitli Ik>Toiigli Council: — 

lloll:nul, E. W.. :ind Co., 28, Rich 
Terrace, Earl's Court, S.W, ,, £255 

Bishop, H. T„ Ltd., 57, Rosebery 
Ho:id 28S 6 n 

Candler, U., ami Sons, 256, Brix- 
ton Hill 172 M 'J 

llarrlron and Co., 35, Broadway, 
CrickleWDod 171 3 R 

Collins and Sons, 7, Clifton 
Strert, Claphani 159 u 4 

Armild-*, .1. A., 1S«, Merton Road, 
Wimbledon ',. 153 12 11) 

Courtney ;ind Fairhairn, Ltd., 
377, AllKiny Ro;id, CamberwcU, 
S.E 151 

Hann, H., 40, .High ftreet. Col- 
lier's Wood 14:i 4 4 

Palmer, W., 75, Dulwich Road, 

Heme Hill 139 5 2 

Itugg. W., and Sons, 83, Krisht's 

Hill* 97 8 1 

•Recoil I meiyded for acceptance. 

Wellington.— 'For the supply of 800 tons of 2j-in. 
broken granite, delivered at Wellington, Salop,. 
Station or on the streets in Wellington urban dis- 
trict, for the urban district council. Mr. G. Riley, 
Arenig Granite Co., Central Chambers, Shrewsbury, 

10s. 3d. per ton. 
Clee Hill Dht) .Stone, Ludlow, 10s. 
Clee Hill, Lutilow, 10s. 

Ceiriog Granite Co., Chirk, North Wales, 9s. 3d. 
Granham.-; Moor. Shrewsbery. 9.-. 
Pyx Granite Co.. Horseh?y, Salop, 9s. (accepted) 

Woolwich.— For the re-erection of three iron 
buildings in the jilaygrounds of the Dean.sfield Road 
and (;or<l<m Schools, respectively, for the London 
County Council: — 

Deansfleld Road school : — 
Fletcher, F. W., Mavbury Street, 

Tooting £2,900 

Ling. T. D., Ciar Street Works, 

Deptford 1,668 

Garrett, ,1.. and Sons, Balham Hill 1,612 6 
Triggs and Co., 92, The Chase, 

Claph:m 1,675 6 

JIcManus. .!., 237, Hammersmith 

Road^ 1,568 

t Thome, F. and T., Isle of Dogs 1,550 
Gordon school: — 

Fletcher, F. W 3,200 n 

G.iTrett, J 2,169 

Leng, T. D 1.545 

McManus. .1 1.460 

tThorne. F. and T 1.400 

Triggs and C<i *1,375 

*.\ccept-ed. . 

■tThe tenders isubmitted by F. and T. Thome con- 
tained reservations, and were not, therefore, io 



Auer. 7.— Repairs to Small Holdings Houses, Port 
Road and Beggarswell Ro:id, Barry. — For the 
Glamorgan County Council.— T. Jfan.sel Franklei:. 
Clerk. Glamorgan County Hall. Cardiff. 

No date.— Repairing Belfry of Parish Church. 

Carnmenellis, Cornwall.— The Vicar and Church 

wardens, Carnmenellis, Redruth. 
No date. — Fifty Houses. Bullcrolt, Doncaster.- H. 

Boot and Sons, Ltd., Contractors, Moore Street. 

No date,— Chemical Works. Crook, Co. Durham.- 

Luiin and Kaye, Engineers, Milnsbridge, Hud- 



Aug, 2,— Dredger, Bangkok, Siam.— For thi 
Siamese Royal Irrigation Department.— The 
Director-GeneraJ, Royal Irrigation Department, 




Can be quickly laid by our own skilled workmen and is guaranteed permanently watertight. 

Sample, and Prices rrom-F. McNEILL & CO., Ltd. (Government Contractors) , 

Spencer House, 4, South Place, London, E.C. 

August 9, 1916. 


Volume CXI.-No. 3214. 



Eliing^hain House, 

Currfiit-e Calamo .. .. .. .. 117 

The (Jrcek House 118 

Piiintings and Sketches at tlif Canur;i Cliih .. 119 

Tht Arclii'tet'ts' Ambulance Corps 120 

Tin;- Stritiiith of Clamped splices in Concrtte 

KeinfoRTment Bars 121 

Our Illu>trations 1-21 

Utiiliiinc; Intelligence . . 13ii 

Leyal Inttlligeoice lyti 

Pivife.-^t-ional and Trade Sooietit- 136 

Competitions 1^7 

Water Supply and Sanitary Matters .. ..1^7 


Trade Notes 137 

Obituary .- 137 

Our Offl.e Tal.le 138 

"hips J3g 

Latest Prices 140 

To Correspondents ]41 

To Armis I . . . . 141 

Farrow's Bank, Limited 141 

List of Tenders Open 141 

King's College for VVomtn and Queen Mary's Hostel, 
University of London, Canipdtn Hill, W. View 

Strand, W.C. 

of the refectory and views in tlie quadra-ngle. 
Messrs. H. Percy .\dams, r.R.I.B..A,., and H. C. 
Holdin. A.R,I.B..\., .Vrthitects, 

Bird's-eye View of the Fourth Ixindon Ge'neral Hos- 
pital, Denmark Hill, S.E. Mr. William A. Pite, 
F.R.I.B.A., Arehitett. 

.\ Boudoir and Billiard-room Decorated in Matone. 

The Imi«r Park Gates. Longsitowe Hall. Cambs. 
Mi?ssrs. J. W. Simpson. F.R.I.B..\., anil Ma.\well. 
Ayrton, A.R.LB.A.. Arihitects, 

(Invvtnie Calamo. 

Tliere ar? still German firms to be 

pany unless the majority of its shares are 
held by alien enemies. In a case ■where the 
enemy holding is, say, 25 per cent., the 
, course pursued is not to wind up the 
cleared out, and it is time more drastic business, but to sell the enemy shares, the 
«^teps were taken. The issue of the Board proceeds of that sale being placed in the 
of Trade Joiinml for August 3 contaiiskands of the Public Trustee for settlement 
a consolidated list of enemy firms which ^ ^ftg^ the war. When, however, a company 
have been ordered by the Board of Trade ^ j^ ^^ned wholly or chieflv by aliens, then 
to be wound up. The list comprises the j^p ^jj^]^ business has to be dealt with, 
names of 279 firms and is complete up tO|p,„t even in this case it is not always 

advisable tn api>ly the shutting-up pro- 
cess. It is very often in every way desir- 

the Orders issued on July 31. The date 
iif the Order, and the name and .address 
of the Controller appointed in each in- 
stance, are also included in the list, to 
which an alphabetical index is appended. | 
The Board of Trade Journal may be ob- 

able to sell the business to British prO' 
prietors, the proceeds of the sale being 
treated in the same way as before. This 
side of the Board of Trade activities is 

tained from the usual sale agents f 04 ^ ^^^^ ^ ^ ^^^i ^^^1 „{ misunderstanding 
Government publications, price S^d. The -^ company of enemy character continue! 

Board of Trade will add more if it is 
helped Our contemporary the Ilardira re \ 
Trade Journal, in an admirable article, I 


company ot enemy character continues 
to carry on its business, and the public is 
inclined to ask why such abuse is per- 
mitted. In such cases reference to the 

points out how this can be done. Natura- ^mpany files at Somerset House will fre 
lisation, about which such differing views ^ q^g^tly disclose the fact that the enemy 
now exist, is an effective bar to any form interests have been entirely eliminated, 
of Government action, and the naturalised y^d that their value is in the custody of 
German is, unfortunately, at perfect ^jj^ Pubijc Trustee. The company side of 
liberty to carry on without molestation.! the problem is very much simpler than thy 
But the person who comes within the ^ bankruptcy side. It is always much easier 
legal definition of an alien enemy is not ,,, ..pcure correct information about the 
entitled to enjoy the advantages of British^ pi.,prietors of a company than of a. pri- 
citizenship, and the Government are deal-, ygtg partnership, and it is in connection 
ing with him as rapidly and as effectually ^^ith the latter that information supplied 
as is possible. Three departments are by traders is likely to be most useful, 
chiefly concerned in this work. The alien jjip Board of Trade is always willing to 
himself is first of all interned, or should receive and to treat as confidential in- 
be, unless it can be shown that he is so 
harmless that no good' would result from 

formation sent to them on subjects of this 
kind. Indeed, it is due to such informa- 

making him a charge upon the Exchequer, j tion that many of the businesses already 

Subscribers can assist in this work of in- 
ternment by communicating to the jwlice, ' 
or, better still, to the Home Office, par-' 
ticulars of any cases where justice has 
not. yet been done. When we come to deal 
with the alien enemies' business, then two 

Vr-ound up have come into their hands. 
Vie therefore ask every reader to watch 
!he Board of Trade Journal, and if he 
.finds it does not contain the name of a 
li-'m he believes to be German to write at 
to the Bankruptcy Department, 

out the cankerworms who are still 
eating out the heart of British industry. 

departments of the Board of Trade come ]5^.^vd of Trade. 1, Horse Guards Avenue, 
upon the scene. These are the Comptroller vVhitehall, S.W. He will help to weed 
of Companies and the Bankruptcy De- 
]jaitment. The one deals with the busi- 
nesses which are registered under the 

Companies Act and the other with those 

that are privately owned. In sending in- 'fixe effect of the war upon builders who 

formation to the Board of Trade witli li.ive made contracts with landowners has 

regard to enemy concerns, it is well to bi-en most disastrous. Where the owner 

bear in mind the ^considerations 'which :;f a plot of land had agreed with a builder 

have to be taken into account in rlealing before the war that he sliould erect a house 

with these people. A company, for in-| rhereon within a stated time, and slumkl 

stance, is not considered an enemy com- ! ■ granted a lease on cmipJetion, and the 

builder, by reason of the war, is untble to 
cairy out the contract, what is now his 
legal position ? There must be many 
owners and builders now asking this ques- 
tion.' In the case of "Webb v. Flint," 
just decided by Mr. Muir Mackenzie as 
one of the Official Referees, reported in 
our Legal Intelligence, p. 136, post, we 
have the point so far settled. The plaintiff, 
a btiilder, liad before the war agreed with 
defendant to put up a house upon his 
]ibjt of land witJiin two yeans ending June 
5, 1915, and then take a lease, 011 terms 
agreed. The war, with its labour short- 
age and high prices, prevented the builder 
from doing his part. When the cornple- 
tion date came, and the house was still 
unfinished, the owner entored into posses- 
sion of his laud and took over the building, 
with everything else upon the land ; as he 
cniild do on a strict construction of the 
agreement, in times of peace. The builder 
now sued for breach of contract on the 
' ground that the limit of time was removed 
by the war legislation. The tiiie point of 
th.; case was really whether the defendant, 
as landowner, could take possession as he 
did in the builder's default, under the 
Courts (Emergency Powers) Act, 1914, 
passed for the very purpose of relieving pressure during the war. By that 
Act it was provided that no person 
" should enter into possession of any pro- 
perty for the purpose O'f enforcing the 
payment or recovery of any sum of 
money." The Referee held that this 
clause did not prevent the landowner fro'm 
retaking his land, with buildings, etc., 
and so the builder lost all round. But 
the Court of Appeal will have to consider 
the whole object of the Act and to say 
whether or not the Act did not stop a 
landowner from enforcing his legal right 
in this way, where the builder's default 
was wholly caused by the war. Obviously 
this taking pos.session is in the nature of a 
penalty, and the result of an appeal will 
be widely awaited with interest. 

It is announced that the South 
Metropolitan Gas Company will reduce 
its charge to the public by twojience a 
thousand feet, and we congratulate its 
enterprising directors on their liberality 
and prescience, and the inhabitants of 
the extejisive districts they serve on the 
good fortune they enjoy at the hands oi 
an undertaking which for the last forty 


THE BL"lLDL\(i KEWS: No. :m4. 

Aug. 9, 1916. 

years has clioson to share its jirolits with 
its servants ami its customers, wlm havi.' 
each contributed to its prosperity, hnd 
have not spent the money on a jjropa- 
ganda of flapdoodle. The matter is one 
that is of far greater concern to builders 
and property owners than some may think. 
Not many weeks ago we interviewed a well- 
known South London agent on behalf of 
n_ friend who contemplated acquiring some 
proi)erty in the district. Among other 
inquiries, information was asked for as 
to the comparative cost of lighting by gas 
and electricity. " Oh," was the reply, 
" electricity is not popular hereabouts. 
It is dear. And we have an excellent gas 
company — the South Metropolitan, which 
makes good gas and sells it cheaply ! " We 
have little doubt that this is a powerful 
consideration with many prospective buyere 
and tenants of houses and business pre- 
mises, all of whom when contemplating 
a change regard it as an additional in- 
ducement, if it takes them out of the 
clutches of increasingly greedy gas under- 
takings and g'ives them the benefit of the 
greater enterprise of the South Metropoli- 
tan Company. The Wandsworth Gas 
Company has also reduced its price by one 
penny per thousand. 

The latest scheme of the Income-tax 
Ci mmissioners to squeeze more money from 
the public is a proposal to subject munici- 
I'al art galleries to income-tax on tlie 
estimated annual rental. The council of 
the Museums Association has under con- 
sideration a test case raised by the Bir- 
mingham Art Gallery Committee through 
the town clerk. The new galleries at 
Birmingham have an estimated annual 
rental of £11,000, which, under Schedule 
A, means that the income-tax on these 
buildings alone will amount to over £2^000 
per anninn. The inconie-tax authorities 
at Birmingham have pointed out that the 
Act of 1842 exempts buildings or institu- 
tions which are literary or scientific ; no 
mention was made of airt galleries in that 
Act, for the simple reason that no art 
galleries then existed. Birmingham Cor- 
poration is appealing, and the income-tax 
authorities propose to state a case. The 
question affects every art gallery in the 
kingdom. The Museums Association has 
voted a sum of money to the Birming- 
ham Corporation in case the question is 
threshed out in the courts. 

If, as Mr. Asquith has assured us, 
when peace comes the whole fabric of our 
national life will have to be refashioned 
in the light of recent events, we hope the 
new control of the National Gallei-y may 
help that institution to play a more use- 
ful part in future in binding the English 
peojoles into one common Empire than it 
has done for some years. We want more 
of a National and less of a Cosmojiolitan 
Gallery. At present there are some 320 
English, 550 Italian, 350 Dutch, 140 
Flemish, 40 German, 130 French, and 30 
Spanish pictures in the Gallery. Oi the 
320 English pictures nearly half are the 
v/orks of only six English artists — Gains- 
borough, -with 41 ; ConstablCj with 37 ; 
Keynolds, with 26; Hogarth, with 21; 
Turner, with 20 ; and Lawrence, with 11. 

Tilt' other 160 or 170 can certainly hardly 
be regarded as a fair or adi'quate repre- 
sentation of British art in its own 
N^ilional Gallery. A very different policy 
lias been pursued in France, where at the 
Louvre there are about 1,200 French jiic- 
tures; two to one of those from Italy 
and Holland, three to one of those by 
Flemish artists, ten French to one (Ger- 
man, while England and Spain are only 
rep'esent<-d by 80 and 70 works respec- 
tively. Surely, for a time at least, we 
can contentedly let others snap up the 
foreign masterpieces at long prices, which 
are enhanced by the pother made about 
them, and let the average Britisher see, 
by examples in his own gallery, that there 
if a national school of painting, as dis- 
tinct as our literature, and that its 
disciples of the past hundred years have 
a just claim to i-ecognition and ade(juate 
representation in the representative col- 
lection of their own countrv I 

AVe are glad to see it stated that Dr. 
Cuypers, the famous Dutch architect, has 
become the honorary president of the re- 
cently formed Dutch section of the League 
of Neutral Nations, at Amsterdam. M. 
I«uis Raemakers, the great Dutch car- 
toonist, is a member of the committee, and 
other leading Hollanders. The League 
has, naturally, strong anti-German ten- 
dencies. Its honorary jiresident is Theo- 
dore Roosevelt, while M. Take Jonescu, 
M. Louis Macon, M. Venizelos, and 
Senor Ruy Barbosa are members of their 
respective section committees. 

J »•» t 


Many of our readers are familiar with 
the recent evidence furnished by the dis- 
coveries in Crete, Greece, and Asia Minor 
with regard to the Greek house of the 
earliest and latest periods and with the 
numerous articles and tracts published 
thereon by English, French, Italian, and 
German scholars. Of these, probably, the 
most informative are those by Professor 
Noack and Dr. Mackenzie on the con- 
struction and iDlan of the Cretan palaces, 
and those of Professor Myres and Pro- 
fessor Gardner on the Homeric and classic 
house. But most of the literature on 
the subject is scattered in a host of ar- 
chseological periodicals in many lan- 
guages, and nothing has yet been 
attempted in the form of a continuous 
history or summary of the evidence and 
the deduction drawn therefrom. With 
remai-kable industry and considerable 
literary skill a lady has stepped in to fill 
the gap ; and the results of her labours, 
which were approved as her thesis for the 
degree of Doctor of Literature in the LTni- 
versity of London, are presented in the 
volume of Miss Bertha Carr Rider, Clas- 
sical Tripos, Cambridge, M.A., D.Lit., 
London, and just published ty the Cam- 
bridge L^niversity Press, Fetter Lane, 
E.C. , at half a guinea net. The aim of 
the thesis has been to collect and present 
succinctly all the monumental evidence of 
importance from the Neolithic period on- 
wards, as well as to give a summary of 
all the principal criticism to which it has 
been possible to obtain access, in order 
to enable the student of Classic architec- 
ture to gain a general knowledge of the 
present state of the subject, within a 
reasonable compass. 

We have, undoubtedly, in the disco- 
veries we have alluded to, a revelation 

not only of an advanced pre-IIellenic civi- 
lisation extending over thousands of years, 
but a comjtlete chain of evidence right 
back into the ages when Euroi)e first 
began to be inhabite<l by man. Recog- 
nising this, Miss Rider starts with a brief 
review of the general (•nn<litions of those' 
early ages in Euiope, and its immediately - 
connected area, North Africa, ami joined 
to it through Sjiain and Sicily, and 
arrives at the conclusion that fioni the 
tomb many of our deductions with 
resjiect to man's primitive artificial dwel- 
ling must be drawn. After a rapid > 
glance at the earliest constructions of the 
Neolithic period in North Africa and the 
East and \Vest Mediterranean basins, the 
lacustrine dwellings in Central Europe, 
and a slight reference to the Nordic 
house and its development in historic 
times, before proceeding to consider the 
earliest forms of the actual house of the 
living in Crete and on the mainland o! 
Greece, we have in Chajiter YI. a short 
digression dealing with sepulchral archi- 
tecture, which, by its perfectly developed 
and evidently well-established form, 
implies houses for the living in the round 
at a very remote period in Greece, though 
no remains of such have been found in 
Crete. Still, the existence of the tombs 
in that island is particularly important 
as showing that the round form was not 
foreign to Cretan architecture, though 
the rectangular had become so fixed as a 
type by the time the earliest palaces were 
planned and built. The architectural 
evidence, then, seems to show that the 
chambered tomb, with dromos and 
tumulus, spread over a wide area in Neo- 
lithic times, including North Africa, 
Italy, Spain, France, Great Britain, and 
even Central Europe and Russia; point- 
ing, together with the craniological evi- 
dence, and that derived from flora and 
fauna, and artistic forms, to the conclu- 
sion that a common stock had diffused 
itself throughout the s.ame, probably from 
North Africa, through the Mediterranean, 
in quatenary times. 

The architectural forms thus pred- 
niinating during this epoch are for the 
most part approximately uniform, and 
include buildings in the round, oval, and 
rectangular. "Curved and rectangular 
forms had probably existed from time im- 
memorial. The circular is the natural 
shape. So the bird builds her nest, and 
the beaver her home. Nature abhors 
straight lines ; and the natural form was 
common and widespread in the early 
works of man. We have the hut circles 
of Dartmoor in England, and— in quite 
modern times— the beehive huts of the 
Hebrides. The Antonine triumphal 
column at Rome, again, testifies to the 
prevalence of the round type of ^^hut 
among the Germans. The " Kota." ' v 
round kitchens of the Finns, sometim.', 
close to a rectangular house, are rem- 
nants of the type, and the peasants -t 
to-day still build round houses in tli- 
department of Lot in France. Before the 
discovery by Xanthoudides of a farm- 
house, at Ciiamaizi, of a distinctly ellip- 
tical ground plan, in 1903, the round and 
the rectangular were regarded as the two 
exclusive types of early Greek buildinf;, 
and the discovery led to an interesting 
discussion as to whether the building was 
an instance of a transitional stage, be- 
longing essentially to the history of the 
complete development of the house, 
though represented on but a few exca- 
vated sites. It was certainly a reason- 
able and natural development, and might 
have readily occurred to races accustomed 
to build in the round who yet wanted to 
increase the size of their dwellings. Soni = 
of the oval houses found had rectangular 
' corners which may point to another tran- 

Arc. 9, 1916. 



sitional stage. Anyhow, in tlie north of 
Greece we lind round, elliptical, square, 
and rectangular houses, and it is im- 
possible, at present, to point to any ona 
type as unusual in that region. The 
general conclusion is warrantable that 
the circular form tended to prevail in 
the Mediterranean area in earliest times, 
the rectangular in Egypt and the East: 
The evidence is scanty as regards Central 
Europe ; in the north we find the rec- 
tangular form again preceded by the cir- 
cular. At a very remote I'ate the rec- 
tangular plan was adopted in Crete, and 
continued throughout its histor_y, and it is 
a reasonable hypothesis that its architec- 
ture influencecl that of Greece, where, 
after the prehistoric period, we find the 
rectangular plan universal. Probably the 
circular plan came to be regarded as 
ritualistic ; in domestic work it is never 
found in later times except in the ilwlos 
of the Homeric courtyard, the construc- 
tion and purpose of which are unknown. 
An interesting survival of the round type 
is the jnytaneum, found in the agora of 
all independent Greek towns, in which 
the presidents dined daily at the public 
cost and offered sacrifices, the essential 
feature of which was the hearth, on 
which the fire was kept burning night and 
day — the fire of the State, which had 
passed from a practical necessity to a 
sacred symbol, was always carried from 
the mother city to a settlement. At 
Athens a second round building called the 
thcilos, or skias, seems to have served 
the same purposes. 

In Crete it is clear that the rectangular 
form of building gained vogue because it 
AVas the best for the purpose required 
with the materials to hand. Brittle 
materials, like gypsum especially, which 
was so largely used in the Cretan palaces, 
were ill adapted to the circular form of the 
palaces. Miss Rider gives plans and de- 
scriptions with some discriminative 
remarks in reference to their characteris- 
tics. They were the culmination of all 
that was best in the preceding eras, and 
it is rather surprising that their influence 
on the Greek mainland palaces was not 
more pronounced. Those at Mycense, 
Tiryns, and Arne were only a reflection 
of its glory and brilliance, which, how- 
ever, was already threatened with de- 
struction. How Minos lost his power, and 
by whom the great palaces at Knossos, 
Phaestos, and Hagia Triada were razed 
to the ground at the beginning of the 
year L.M. iii. there is no clear evidence. 
A very cursory glance at the plans of the 
mainland palaces reveals political and 
social conditions differing utterly from 
those prevailing in Crete. Protection and 
defence were the first consideration of the 
Greek mainland palace architects, and 
the palaces are real fortresses. 

Having traced the course of the primi- 
tive architecture of the common dwelling 
as far as possible from its dim origin to 
the Bronze Age, Miss Rider takes up the 
thread again in Chapt^-r XIII., and fol- 
lows its development through the great 
period of Cretan architecture and subse- 
quent Myconean culture. It was an age of 
diicftains and kings, and accordingly we 
find the dweUing-liouses clustered round 
the palace or citadel. Coming to the 
Homeric houses in the next chapter, she 
reminds us that the difficulty of recon- 
structing such is inseparable from the 
slight indications furnished in the Homeric 
poems. The poet evidently Icok the ac- 
quaintance of his hearers with their 
houses for granted, and uses them 
merely as part of the background of his 
story. Apparently they conformed to one 
common type, although Noack thinks 
otherwise, and considers that the 
hyperoon, or upper story, was a very late 

feature ; while Williamowitz affirms it 
was unknown before the eighth century. 
Of course, the discoveries of Schliemann 
and others have raised controversy with 
regard to the traditional plan of the 
Homeric palaces, though the bulk of 
opinion inclines to the so-called pre-Hel- 
lenic or Mycenean view, in spite of its 
many difficulties. Miss Rider gives the 
conventional view championed by Pro- 
fessor Jebb, with which our readers are 
familiar, with its long rectangular 
purely supposititious house, having a 
courtyard and two principal rooms, one 
behind the other, used by the men and 
women respectively. 

In her concluding chapters Miss Rider 
deals with the Greek house of the fifth, 
fourth, third, and second centuries, point- 
ing out that it is indeed a far cry from 
the ornate and spacious Homeric palace. 
The great chief is no more, and his expe- 
ditions and adventures of the heroic age 
have been replaced by the bustle and 
competition of the narrow lite of townis. 
Whether the older type survived in the 
country it is impo.ssible to say. With 
the general character of the houses we 
are too familiar to refer further here, but 
Miss Rider has a good deal to say ; and 
says it very well, with regard to their 
appointments, decoration, etc. She 

finishes with a brief reference to the Pom- 
peian houses, the well-known account by 
Vitruvius of a Greek house which has 
been the subject of much dispute, but 
which has perhajis been in some respects 
rendered less obscure by recent dis- 

Here is a final brief summary : — 

Our main object has been to show a certain 
uniformity and continuity of type from tli 
earliest Neolithic period up to the Hellenistic 
age, a type based broa<lly speaking on the 
courtyard with principal room. 

In the Neolithic period we phave shown the 
general resemblance of architectural forms in 
the West Mediterranean basin, and how the 
earliest architecture of Greece was intimately 
connected therewith ; and in the Eastern 
Mediterranean, in Asia Minor, we have .seen 
in the beehive tombs the aftermath of this 

With repard to lacustrine dwellings in 
Greece, evidence is as yet too scanty to make 
any conclusion possible as to their importance 
or the part they played in Greek architectural 

In the consideration of the three early styles 
of building — viz.. round, ellilitical, and rect- 
angular — we have not reached any absolute 
conclusion with regard to priority ; on the site 
of Orchomenos we have seen them in succession, 
and have regarded this as being, in general, 
the probable order of development with some 
exceptions on scattered sites. 

Crete, where our study of regular architec- 
ture must begin, gives us buildings of sur- 
passing magnificence and bewildering compli- 
cation with certain Semitic and Eastern 
analogies, but at the same time very charac- 
teristic and original in structure. These show 
the early ^^Dgean system of communicating 
rooms, as do also most of the houses of this 

Passing to the mainland wo come to the plan 
which we have considered essentially Greek — 
viz.. the principal room, or megaron. quite 
isolated, standing on the north side of the 
courtyard. The actual origin of this plan, 
found as early as Troy II., we have been unable 
to trace, but we have pointed out the resem- 
blances which exist with Cretan building, 
proving a certain connection with the South, 
and also possible affinities with the Nordic 
house, where the central hearth in the isolat-ed 
ronm was indispensable from the earliest 

The Homeric palace has been shown to be 
almost certainly of the same type as that of 
mainland palaces in genoral construction and 

Then follows a gap of several centuries, and 
when wo reach_ classic Greece of th'C fifth cen- 
tury evidence is utterly lacking of hoirses of 
the Homeric type, though they may h^ve per- 
sisted ill the country: some were still built 
on the courtvard system — e.g,, house of Kallias, 
though far less luxurious than their Mycenean 

The houses of the average citizen were small 
and crowded, frequently having common party 
walls ; through these the Plataeaus dug so that 
they might not bo seen in the streets at 
Plataea (Thuc. II. 3). 

That the Mycenean-Homeric type, however, 
was a national one, and no short-lived fashion, 
is proved up to the hilt by the discovery of the 
houses of the second century at Priene. which 
preserve the identical form, and make the 
chain of evidence complete. At Delos the type 
has undergone some modification, but the re- 
cess oflF the court is analogous to the old 
megaron, and is a survival of tlie earlier type. 

About this time (second centur.y B.C.), arose 
the type with two courtyards described by 
Vitruvius, doubtless built by rich Greeks as an 
elaboration of the simple type : the enlarged 
house at Priene is a prototype of the two-court 

The final development is in -Italy. The 
Roman house, after having passed from the 
simple peasant hut to the atrium type, finally 
in the second century B.C., under Greek in- 
fluence, added a second court to its plan. At 
Pompeii we have many examples of the com- 
bination of the two distinct types — viz.. the 
Roman atrium witli the Greek peristyle added. 

Though the theory that there was no break in 
the historical development of the Greek house 
may be contested — as what theory may not? — 
yet the foregoing study may perhaps have its 
use in that it is for the most part a statement 
of actual facts, from which eaoli may draw 
for himself his own conclusions. 

Our sole object has been to throw some new 
light on the nature of the abodes of the Greek 
race throughout its history, and to make 'a 
complete review of architectural develop- 
ment possible, by collecting and colligating 
scattered information and facts. 

That object, we can honestly assure 
her, has been most creditably attained ; 
and we hope any architectural writer who 
may take up the task she suggests will as 
lucidly set forth his facts as she has done, 
while naturally bringing to bear on his 
subject more purely technical knowledge 
than she has possessed. 


The walls of the Camera Club, 17, John 
Street, Adelphi, W.C, are hung with a 
collection of oil- and water-colour paint- 
ings and sketches executed by members 
of the club. The exhibits, between fifty 
and sixty in number, are of considerable 
interest and great variety. Donald A. 
MacAlister shows some excellent work in 
oils, including a charming corner of " A 
Sussex Garden " (No. 3), harmonious in 
colouring; "The Moray Firth, from 
Findhorn " (4), looking across the bay 
towards the jiurple hills, under a lurid 
evening sky ; and a couple of sketches from 
the rocky coast of " Perjanport.h " 
(37 and 38). In an ambitious water- 
colour by H. J. A. Bowden, " Sunset Be- 
hind Bath Abbey," the pinnacles of the 
minster silhouetted against the deepen- 
ing azure are out of proportion and not 
correctly drawn. We , like better his 
" View from Vavenna, Lake Como." Two 
si ight sketches of the Rye marshes are sent 
by C. H. L. Emanuel, who also ex- 
hibits three silver repousse panels of 
knightly figures (5. 6 and 7), treated in 
mid-sixteenth-century fashion. E. T. 
Holding, of whose clever Sussex land- 
scapes W'e have recently sjioken in terms 
of praise at another exhibition, sends two 
interesting transcripts of the scenery near 
Pulborough, in Nos. 18 and 19. both 
water-colours, and breaks new ground in 
his boldly outlined drawings from the 
figure, in which the effect is conveyed by a 
few facile strokes. Of H. John Pearson's 
works in oil. the best are three girls, in 
costume,, of from eight to twelve, entitled 
" Audrey," " Eva," and " Mischief," 
respectively (23, 24 and 25). His " Vere, 
Holland" (22), a group of closely 
packed farm buildings with plastered 
walls and high-pitched tiled roofs, seen 
across a field, is powerfully treated. F. J. 


■mi: i5ni.i)i.\(i xkws: iw 

Aug. 9, 1916. 

Mortimer sends a number of " Leaves 
from a Sketch Book," ck-picting with an 
(Msj- toiioli tlie gi\>ups of market women 
and fislier-folk so familiar in his coast 
|ihotograplis fi-om llollaml and Picardy. 
Jlis. bold " Design for a Poster." No. 30, 
wo liave all seen reproduced to enlarged 
.scale on many a London hoarding. 
Walter Thomas, the veteran jihoto- 
grapher, shows sketches in pastel, oil and 
charcoal media, of which we like best his 
"Peonies" (36); in "Westminster" 
(14). as viewed from the Embankment, he 
has failed, as so many other artists have 
done, in delineating the elusive outlines 
of the Clock and Victoria towers. Fred 
Judge, of Hastings, shows a slight sketch 
in aquatint of .sunie merit, " ],ow Tide" 
(13), and two excellent etching*;. 
" Camber Ca«tle " ^nd ' Xet Shops." and 

A year ago the Architectural Association 
decided to form a Wiluiitaiy Aid Uetaclmieiit 
' (under the Briti.ih Red Cross Society), with 
; Mr. Ambrose W. Ci)ffin as Coiiimiiudant 
and Dr. Brydone as medical officer. I iider 
their tuition, classes in first aid and home 
I nursing were held, and in a very short time 
I a sufficient number id candidates qualified to 
I warrant the detachment being recognised by 
I the War Office and given the title of the 
I Architectural Association V.A.D.. London 43. 
I It has the distinction of being the only men's 
V.A.D. within the confines of the City of 
Westminster. The headquarters of the de- 
tachment were originally at the A. A. pre- 
mises iu Tufton Street, but these were soon 
afterwards acquired for oUier purposes, and 
the detachment found other headquarters at 
the Westminster Technical Institute in Vin- 
cent Square. Here it has the use of an ex- 
cellent drill hall and other necessarv acconi- 

I E.R.I.B.A., Mr. C. McArthur Butler, M..S.A 
the Secretary of the S.A., Mr. Stanley Towse. 
A.R.I.B.A., and Mr. Cowlishaw. These and 
other members may be seen in the accompany- 
ing photograph, for which and for these par- 
ticulars we are indebted to the courte.iy ol the 
Society of Architects and the Architectural 
Association. The work of the detachment is 
decentralised as much as possible by the 
Commandant, Mr. Ambrose \V. Coffin, who 
exercises general supervision and control. 
Each section leader acts in turn as officer of 
the week, and is responsible to the Com- 
mandant during that period for the work of 
the detachment. The duties have been further 
sulxlivided by the appointment of section cor- 
porals. By this method of decentralisation 
the work of the detachment is rendered inde- 
pendent of any one man. and is not hindered 
by the unavoidable absence of an officer from 
parade, as there is always someone to take 
his place. Further, it " ^dves the section 


Arthur Heathcote sends a half-tone por- 
trait sketch in oil in life-size of a well- 
known member of tjie club (No. 39) ; 
" Egypt." by the same artist (42), shows 
the cupolas and ruined arch of a 
mosque overlooking a deserted, rock- 
strewn and sandy landscape in " Sou- 
venir, 1909," an actress carrying a 
black-bearded head would ajipear to 
be a reminiscence of Judith and 
Ht'.ofernes. Bertram Park, the secretary 
of the Salon, sends " Six Leaves from a 
Sketch Book." water-colour views of flat- 
coast scenery, admirably rendered ; and 
Marcus Adams has a series of studies, also 
in aquatint, of woodlands and copses 
(49 to 54). The exhibition remains open 
until September 2, and will well repay a 


The surveyor to the urban district council of 
Wombwell, Mr. W. Quest, has received instruc- 
tions to prepare plans and estimate for sewer- 
age works at Lundhill Fields. 

modation, affording facilities for squad and 
stretcher drill, first aid, air raid practice, and 
other work: The detachment has gained a 
reputation for proficiency in air raid relief 
work, and has given demonstrations before 
prominent officials of the British Red Cross 
Society and representatives of the War Office. 
Much interest has been shown in this work by 
Gertrude Lady Decies, who has on several 
occasions attended the practices and given the 
detachment the benefit of her personal ex- 
perience in many enemy air raids on the Con- 

,Sir Aston Webb, K.C.V.O.. C.B., R.A., 
accepted the presidency, and the presidents 
of the R.I.B.A.. the S.'A., and the A.A. are 
vice-presidents of the detachment. Members 
of the councils and other members of these 
bodies have qualified at the classes, and have 
taken an active part in the work. With the 
exception of the Commandant, who is an 
engineer, the detachment is officered by archi- 
tects. The quartermaster is Mr. F. R. Yer- 
bury. the Secretary of the A.A.. who replaced 
Mr. Victor Wilkins. M.S. A., on active service. 
The section leaders are Mr. H. M. Fletcher. 

leaders and N.C.O.s opportunities for initia- 
tive and experience in handling men. The 
detachment parades for instruction every 
Wednesday evening, and a squad " stands 
by " every night at: headquarters ready to be 
called out, in the case of air raids or other 
emergencies, by the police, who are in direct 
communication by private wire. The detach- 
ment is attached for this work to the West- 
minster Division of the Special Constabulary, 
and acts as a training corps in this connection 
both for specials and for members of other 
V. A.D.'s. The duties which the detachment as 
a body and its members individually have been 
called upon to iierform are very varied, and 
have included the adaptation and equipment 
of domestic and other buildiuijs for V.A.D. 
hospitals, hospital orderly work, from prepar- 
ing patients for operations and attending on 
the surgeon in the operating theatre, to the 
so-called menial work associated with hos- 
pitals, and work with the London Ambulance 
Column on the transport of wounded from the 
trains to the hospitals, to say nothing of occa- 
sional odd jobs of moving furniture or white- 
washing ceilings. In fact, no matter what the 

Arc:. 9, 1910. 



nature of the job, lar^e or small, there is 
always a handyman ready to volunteer or the 
detachment prepared to tackle it as a body. 

There are \ acancies in the detachment for 
recruits with first aid certiticatcs, and for pro- 
bationers witliout that qualification. There 
is a nominal entrance fee, but no subscription, 
and the members provide their own uniform. 

The work is not only intensely interesting, 
but is of practical importance, and a member^s 
activities are only limited by the time which 
he can give to it. It is active service in the 
best sense of the word, and has the advan- 
tage of being voluntary, and yet costing that 
which every man desires to give — personal 
service to his country in the hour of need. 
Red Cross work is the opportunity for the 
man who is ineligible for other service in the 
field, and the London 43 V.A.D. is to the 
"ineligible'' architect what the "class" 
regiments of H.M. Forces are to his 
"eligible" colleagues. Members of the 
.Society are cordially invited to visit head- 
quarters any Wednesday evening from 6.30 
to 8.0 and see the detachment at work, or to 
applv for particulars to Section Leader C. 
Mc Arthur Butler, at 28. Bedford Square, 

i »»^ € 


Concrete reinforcement bars are received 
in lengths varying up to about 60 feet. The 
length most conmionly selected, however, is 
in the neighbourhood of 30 ft. ; hence it is 
frequently necessary in practice to lap one 
bar over another. It is also desirable upon 
more or less frequent occasions to secure a 
splice capable of withstanding a greater ten- 
sile stress than that which a plain lap splice 
can resist. In such cases, U-bolt clamps, 
such as are ordinarily used in fastening wire 
rabies together, have been successfully em- 
ployed, one at each end of the overlapping 
bars. The meagreness of available data on 
the strength of such splices prompted the 
tests, the results of which are here recorded. 
U-bolt clamped splices of both 17- and 
21-inc}^ lengths of splice were tested to de- 
termine the load at first slip, and the ma.xi- 
mum load the splice would resist. Three 
different classes of splices were thus tested : 
Lap splices not embedded in concrete ; butt 
splices not embeded in concrete ; lap splices 
embedded in concrete. The reinorcement 
steel in all cises consisted of 1 inch square 
I jld-twisted bars. 

The loads necessary to produce first slip 
liad a range from 7.000 to 50,000 lbs. The 
maximum load which the splices withstood 
varied from 23,000 to 69,000 lbs. The ratios 
of load at first slip to yield point of bar 
lor clamped splices not, embedded in con- 
crete varied from 12 to 21 per cent., and for 
splices embedded in concrete from 53 to 83 
per cent. Ratios of maximum load to tensile 
strength of bar ranged from 31 to 61 per 
cent, for unembedded splices, and from 79 to 
95 per cent, for embedded splices. 

It was found — (1) That lap splices are 
stronger than butt sjilices. (2) That splices 
in which the two overlapping bars are of 
opposite twist apparently are 'stronger than 
solices in which the bars are of like twist. 
(3) That the lengths of lap, as to the two 
lengths tested, did not affect the strength of 
the splice. (4) That embedding the splices 
in concrete increases their strength materially. 
'5) That clamped lap splices embedded in 
large masses of concrete undoubtedlv can 
safely withstand a unit load equal to the 
unit stress of the steel reinforcement. — E. L. 
L.^SIER {PrnreeiJhnis of the American Society 
for Testing Materials. .lune 27 to 30, lbi6).' 

New b.inkin? premises are being erected at 
Ilitohin for the C.anital and Counties Bank. 
Mes.srs. Raburn and Son, of Hitchin. are the 
, ■ contractors. 

The rural distriot, council of Newport Pag- 
nnllliave agreed ,to adapt a combined .scheme 
of scaven?in,g for the three Brickhills, Waven- 
d'ln. and Woburn Sands. The estima.ted cost 
of a central depot is £300, and the annual 
expense of the work £190. A comparative 
statement showed the cost to be £27 less than 
the present .system. 


To many here at home — students at ffgri- 
oultural colleges and the like — and possibly 
to many of our own calling, who, finding 
little to do here at the close of the war. in 
which they have so largely helped to win 
victory, may determine to try their fortune 
in South Africa, this well-arranged volume 
will be of considerable service. It is note- 
worthy that the early settlers in South 
Africa not only devoted much attention to 
the selection, lay-out, and development of 
their farmhouses and buildings, but cared 
sincerely for the beautification of their home- 
steads, as may be seen in not a few instances 
still to be found in the neigihbourhood of 
Cape Town. That, however, was not the 
case with those who succeeded them; and. 
during the past fifty years, farm ai-chitecture 
"'t| engineering have not been miich cared 

We believe they will be, however, because 
the South African is a business man, and 
will appreciate the benefits of a well-planned 
farm from the profit and loss point of view, 
and that coming immigrants will not be con- 
tent to sjjend their lives amid the corru- 
gated iron sheds and ill-contrived buildings 
wJiich were good enough for Boers and 
Britons in the past. Naturally, they, or 
those who build for them, will get little help 
from e.xisting books on building construction, 
or those dealing with farm buildings, the 
conditions of the country being so different 
in almost every respect. Mr. Cleghorne has 
evidently a practical acquaintance with the 
subject; his method of treatment is lucid, 
and his drawings, which are a feature of the 
book, are practically all original ; and, wihere- 
ever possible, conventional .perspective or 
isometric views are given, which will be most 
useful to those not used to reading ordinary 
two-dimensional drawings. 

-v- •a* 

The memorial stone of a new chancel to St. 
Mark's Chui'ch, Pwllgwann. Pontypridd, lias 
been formally laid. The extension is estimated 
to cost £700. 

The partnership hitherto subsisting between 
.\. Braithwaite and J. M. Braithwaite. con- 
tractors, at Crown Point Road, Leeds, imder 
the style of A. Braithwaite and Co., has been 

Che|istcw's picturesque town walls, built in 
the latter part of the thirteenth century by 
Roger Bigod, Earl of Worcester, and Baron 
Striguil, are being demolished by the contrac- 
tor.s for the new yard of the Standard Sliip- 
building Co., at the Lower Meacls. 

The east window of the new church of iSt. 
Mark, Siddal, Halifax, an edifice erected by 
the generosity of an anonymous lady, has been 
filled with stained glass representing the Ascen- 
sion. The artist is Mr. J. H. Dearie, of Messrs. 
Morris and Co., of Merton Abbey. 

At Wednesday's meeting of the city council 
of Manchcsti'r it was stated by Sir' Edward 
Holt, chairman of the waterworks committee, 
that it will be necessai-y before Jong for the 
comrnittee to prepare for laying a double line 
of pipes from Lake Thirlmere. A detailed esti- 
mate of the cost will shortly be presented to 
the city council. 

Second-Lieutenant Garton Greenway, who 
was recently posted as missing since July 16. is 
now stated to have been killed in action on 
the 14th ult, Lieut. Greenway, who was only 
twenty years of age, was educated at King 
Edward's School, Bath, and Wycliffe College, 
Stonehouse. Stroud, and prior t.<> the war was 
on the staff of the Land Valuation Depart- 

Mr. H. T. Wakelam, the county engineer 
of Middlesex, in his annual report just issued, 
dwells upon the difficulty of carrying on road 
works of any kind, owing to labour conditions, 
inadequate supfilies of ^material, and transport. 
He considers that only by tanpainting work 
will the macadiamisod roads be made sufficient 
for the summer months, and that in the forth- 
coming winter a serious surface disintegration 
is bound to take place. If granite or basalt 
becomes more difficult to ootain it will be 
almost an impossi-bility to go to the expcmse 
of permanent surfacings, such as wood blocks, 
asphalt, and asphalt maoadam, owing to their 
greatly enhanced prices. 

'^ " Farm Buildings nnd Buil'linR Construction in 
flontli Atricn." By W. S. H. CleRliorne. B.So., 
A.M.l.M.F. (London: Longmans, Green, and Co. 21s.) 

'nr BfUnstrations. 

These three drawings are now at the Royal 
Academy Exhibition. We gave the plans 
and a double-page jjerspective of the ext/erior 
in our issue for August 1, 1913, with a 
descriptive account c'f the building, which in 
the meantime has been in hand. The archi- 
tects are Messrs. H. Percy Adams, 
F.R.LB.A., and Charles Holden, A.R.I.B.A. 
The present illustrations are self-explana- 
tory. The first portion of the college has been 
finished. The work done in this hostel for 
women comprises domestic and social sciences, 
including kitchen practice, scullery work, and 
teaching laundry work. The higher subjec*s 
are carried out in the biological, physiological, 
and physics laboratories. 'The handsome 
character of this excellent building relies 
mainly on simplicity of treatment, after the 
manner of .Sir Christopher Wren, in plain and 
refined brickwork, set out in good proportions, 
with an occasional emphasis by some v;ell- 
designed matte" of richer detail. 


This large hospital is illustrated from the 
bird's-eye view now at the Royal Academy 
exhibition, and it is one of the biggest build- 
ings of its kind in England. We have given 
several drawings of it, such as the series of 
competition plans on June 2, 1905. The 
elevations of the first jjai't erected will be 
found in our pages for July 5, 1907 ; the 
general fagade of the whole front, May 21, 
1909. A plan, with view, came out in the 
Building Ne\vs for August 1, 1913. on the 
occasion of the inauguration by the King and 
Queen. The name of King's College Hos- 
pital has been changed to that of the London 
General Hospital. The three eastern ward 
blocks, adjacent to Denmark Hill, are not yet 
built. The medical school and the isolation 
block are incomplete still. Mr. Wm. A. Pite, 
F.R.I. B. A., i;, the architect. 


We'give this week two further illustrations 
of interiors decorated in Matone. One shows 
a boudoir in applied plaster panelling, the 
scheme representing a room of the William 
and Mary period. The ceiling is Matone 
lichen-grey, lightened with white, the panels 
Jlatoue autumn green, and the walls ilatoue 
olive. The billiard-room has applied wood 
panelling on walls, and a plaster ceiling, the 
scheme representing a room of the Early 
Renaissance period adapted to modern re- 
quirements. 'I'he ceiling is Matone ivory, the 
walls Matone champagne, and the frieze 
Matone fawn with Matone light terracotta. 
This park entrance, with the side stone 
piers and wing walls, forms part. of the ex- 
tens' .'e works carried out in connection with 
the enlargement of the mansion itself. 
executed from the designs of the architects. 
Messrs. J. W. Simpson, F.R.LB.A.. and 
Maxwell Ayrton, A.R.I.B.A., of Gray's !un, 
W.C. The' wrought-iron gates are admirably 
representative of the best smiths' work, the 
structural forms being simple and substan- 
tially strong without a wasteful use of mate- 
rial, the enriched parts being pleasantly 
framed in and sufficiently emphasised without 
effort after effect. Other illustrations of the 
work done on this estate will be found in the 
Building News for February 23, April 3 
and 12, also June 14, this year. Local trades- 
men were employed, as well as general con- 
tractors, the undertaking lasting some wnile. 

The foundation-stone of a new Forward 
Movement church at Cofn Forest village. Pen- 
gam, has been formally laid. The present out- 
lay has been limited to £1,000. 

A new cinematograph theatre in Akerman 
Street. Tring. has just been completed from 
lijans iby Mr. Frederick Taylor, A.R.I.B.A., of 
Bourbon Street. Aylesbuiry. The builders wore 
Messrs. J. Honour and Son, Ltd. 

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/ilGUST 9, 1916. 



',.. DENMARK HILL, S.E.— Mr. William A. Pitk, F.R.LIJ.A., Architect 



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OF QUADRANGLE.— Messrs. H. Percy Adams, F.R.I. B.A., and C. H. Holden, A.R.I. B.A., Architects. 


'jiii:^ iVKWS: IS( 


Aug. 9, lOKJ. 

DnilDing Intelligent. 

DiMKKiES. — New iiiiiiity buildings have 
lu-oii ori'ctod at Dumfries from plaiis by Mr. 
.1. M. Dick Peddie, of Edinburgh. The 
building is Cshaped on phm, with a 
slightly |)rojecting block in the lentre 
of the main front to the (juadrangle 
and wing.< of considerable depth. The 
main elevations are faced witli Lochar 
briggs stone. The main block i.s 164 ft. 
long by 30 ft. wide, with two wings each 
65 ft. by 29 ft., enclosing a oourty.ird 
appro.\imately 85 ft. by 65 ft., approached by 
drive.-; on either side. On the ground flexor 
accommodation is providtnl for the ediicatiun 
department, road surveyor, county clerks, 
collectors. committtH> rooms, and chief con- 
stable. On the first floor arc the members' 
writing loom, ccmmittec rooms, chairman's 
room, sanitary and veterinary inspectors' 
offices, chemical and bacteriological labora- 
tories, and medical ofliccr's department. The 
second floor is used for stores and other 
general purposes. The council chamber is 
situated in the right-hand corner of the b.ick 
of the main block, and rises to the height 
of two floors, and is 50 ft. by 30 ft., with 
barrel-vaulted roof. The reinforced concrete 
work is monolithic, with indented bars, and 
consists of the whole of the floors and 
roof, which latter is asphalted. The system 
is that of the Indented Bar and Concrete En- 
gineering Co.. Westminst^-r, and the con- 
•tra<:-toTS for the reinforced concrete work 
were Messrs. J. JIarshall and Co. , of Hawick. 

LoxoNiDDRY, N.B.— The Scotti.<h Veterans' 
tJarden City Association was formed in May. 
1915, to raise funds to provide housing on 
(l.irden City principles and training and em- 
ployment for men permanently disabled while 
serving in his Majesty's forces. Of ihe 
£50.000 which the complete scheme will cost 
between £13.000 and £14,000 has been sub- 
scribed. Contracts have been placed and the 
work of erection begun in the first settlement 
:section. Longniddry, the Royal Scots area. 
Mr. llclntyre Henry, of Edinburgh, is the 
architect, and five exterior designs and three 
sets of plans will be adopted. -The Countess 
Wemyss is to lay the foundation-stone in Sep- 
tember. The land 'for this section was given 
bv Earl Wemyss free of cost for five years. 
Tt is proposed to similar cottage settle- 
nieuts in the various regimental centres in 
Scotland. The buildings are to be two, 
three, and four roomed cottages, with batVi- 
r.Kim, and the specifications show them to 
be on the principle of the houses at Lelch- 
worth in the Garden City, but more sub- 
■stantially built to meet the climatic con- 
ditions in Scotland. The association jno- 
poses to build a number of Kitchener memo 
r al homes in their settlements. 

RosvTH. — At Dunfermline Dean of (iiuid 
Court on Wednesday plans were presented liy 
the Scottish National Housing Company. 
Limited, for the erection of eighty-seven addi- 
tional dwelling-houses at Rosyth. It was 
stated that fifty-six of the houses would be of 
the flatted type, each consisting of living- 
room, scullery", bathroom, and three bed- 
moms, and that the remainder would be 
erected hi blocks of four, five, and six 
houses, each house consisting of a living- 
room, scullery, and bathroom on the ground 
floor and two bedrooms on the upper floor. 
Dean of Guild Irvine expressed the view- that 
the company were spending too much mo!iey 
from ths standpoint of the architecture of 
the houses, to the detriment of the conveni- 
ence of the tenants. Mr. Hugh Jlottram. 
Edinburgh, the company's architect, replied 
that he was afraid he had restricted the 
Tiouses in respect of architecture to the bare 
necessities. The houses had been rather 
adversely criticised by higher powers tha-u the 
Dunferiiiline Dean of Guild Court, and lie 
had been asked to put rather more work on 
them. The Dean remarked that these higher 
powers did not understand what a working 
man wanted ior the minimum rent. Mr. 
Mottram explained that he kept the point 
of view of rent more prominently before hiiii 
than anything else. In the matter of archi- 
tecture, he added, a little more w-as spent on liouses wliich occu])ied a prominent posi- 
tion. Tile |)lans for the whole of ihe hoii.^i's 
were sanctioned. 

Wkst .Smjthhki.d. — The scalfohling having 
lu-en taken <ii)wn. the ancient house t>ver tiie 
.Sniitblield tlate can novy be properlv seen Jt 
is a ball tiinbt-red house, built by I'hilip 
.Scudaniore in 1595. Probably early in the 
seventeenth century its projecting windows 
were removed and its timbered front covered 
with l)rick like tiles similar to those which 
now- cover the old house adjoining on the 
.south side. About six months ago the tiles 
were f<iund to be loose, and on their removal 
the half-timbercj w-ork and plastering verc 
revealed. The dormer and the two wiiido-.vs 
below have been replaced and the tiir.bers 
patched here and there, but otherwise the 
building is as erected 320 years ago. The 
"atew-ay on w-hich this house was built '.wis 
forinerl'y the south-west portal of the fa<;iKie 
of the great monastic church of St. Harlholo- 
mew. West Smithfield. At the Suppressioh, 
in 1539. the nave of the church was pu!l-d 
down by Henry VIII. ; but the portal, which 
d.ites fiVni about 1220 to 1230, was retained 
as a convenient place for Sir Richard Rich 
to hang one of his gates of the, which 
had then become his " liberty." Above the 
gate, before the Suppression, there is every 
reason to believe there was a flanking tower 
of the church. The gate has l>elong.>d to the 
parish since 1544, but the house was cnly 
imichased by the parish in the year 1909. 
During the "demolition of the Eli-/ 
houses' in Cloth Fair two years ago there was 
discovered behind them a bay of the nave of 
the church, part of which is of the twelflh 
and part of the thirteenth century. 



Powers) Act. — Webb v. Flint. — At the Official 
Rpfcreo's Court on the 1st inst., Mr. Muir 
Mackenzie gave judgment in this case of con- 
siderable interest to builders during the war 
period. The plaintift", Francis J. Webb, builder, 
of T'nrlev, near Croydon, claimed damages 
from Mr. William H. Flint, of the firm of 
Humbert and Flint, estate agents, of Sorle 
Street Lincoln's Inn, in respect of an alleged 
breach of contract, and aUernatively for the 
value of the work and labour and also 
materials upon the land when the defendant 
took possession. In 1898 Mr. Flint purchased 
about forty acres of land at Walton-on-the- 
Hill. -vs-hich during the past ten years ho liai! 
developed bv building upon it, either by him- 
self or through builders. In 1914, shortly be- 
fore the outbreak of the war, he let a plot on 
a building lease to the plaintiff, one of the 
terms of the contract being that he should 
build upon it a house of a certain value and 
of a stated description, and that plaintifY should 
proceed in the work " w-ith diligence and 
despatoh." In the event of his failure to com- 
lilctc by June 15, 1915, the defendant should, 
it was stipulated, have a light of re-eiitrv. 
The plaintiff failed to complete owin^ he 
alleged, to the war having rendered it difficult 
for him to obtain labour and materials. He 
asked the defendant for an extension of time, 
but that was refused, because, the defendant 
said, he had not been proceeding to build 
with diligence according- to tile terms of the 
contract, and eventually tlie defendant took 
possession of the land and all that was on it, 
claiming that he was entitled to do .so under 
the contract. The plaintiff thereupon sued 
for damages for breach of contract, and 
pleaded that he was protected against for- 
feiture by re-entry by the Courts (Emergency 
Powers) Act, which rendered void the time- 
limit of the contrack The defendant, in his 
defence, denied that the -effect of the -vvar upon 
the building trade had been sufficient to pre- 
vent the plaintiff from carrying out his con- 
tract; even if it had been, he argued that the 
Courts (Emergency Powers) Act did not apply, 
as it only referred to cases in which monet.ary 
payments were involved, whereas in this action 
it Was not a question of money, but of the 
defendant taking possessioji of forfeited land 
which was his property. Plaintill replied to 
this that in his action money was involved, as 
defendant was claiming for arrears of ground 
rent. — Mr. Muir Mackenzie, in givinc: bis 
decision, said that under the asreenient the 
plaintiff had undertaken to com])lete the buihl- 
insr on the land bv June 15, 1915, but had 
failed to do so. The defendant had entennl 
and had completed the building of the house 
himself. In his opinion, unless the plaintiff 

could I'stablish special grounds for exemption 
from the terms of thi' <-ontract, it was clear 
tlint the defendant had the right to re-enter, 
'riie plaintiff said that the effects of the war 
were such that he could not obtain materials, 
except at a high price, or lalKiur. and that he 
was entitled to treat the time-limit as gone. 
This contention was traversed by the do- 
femlunt. who supported his case by the 
evidence of a builder who had completed the 
house- for him. lie found us a fn<-t that the 
circunist.inces which su|ierv<uied on the out- 
break of the war renilered the phiintilf's posi- 
tion more ilifTicult and increased his costs for 
materials, but he was not thereby relieye<l 
from his oliligation to comph-te the building 
at the date specified in his contract. He was 
also of opinion that the Courts (Emergency 
Powers) Act did not ajiply to the i-ase. His 
judgment would be for the defendant on the 
claim, with costs, and also for the defendant 
on a counter-claim for fifteen guineas, also 
w- ith costs. 

An Overloaded Glasgow Warehouse.— .\ 
public incpiiry, under the Fatal Accidents In- 
quiry Act, w-as held in Glasgow on Wednes- 
day "into the circumstances of the collapse of 
a store in Kinnin? Park on June 30 and the 
consequent loss of life. The building was 
occupied bv the Nutrimol Feeil t'o., and stood 
at the junction of Great Wellington Street and 
Park Street. The principal of the firm (John 
Manson, Wcdderlea Drive, Cardonald) and 
two lady clerks (Jessie M'Kenzie and Mary 
Frier) w-ere killed -by the fall of the (building, 
while three other persons w-ere injured. 
Sheriff Scott Moncricff presided over the in- 
quiry John Maclcin, the foreman, asked as 
to whether the building had been over- 
weighted, said he had seen more materiiil in 
the store. He admitted having seen slight 
signs of decay in the wialb, but he saw rio in- 
dications in the woodwork. John Todd, an 
engineer employed in adjoining jiremiscs, saul 
that on the morning before the accident lie 
wiarned Mr. Manson that if any more stuff 
was put in they would bring the building 
down. Mr. David Chalmers, bmldinff con- 
tractor, said the building w-as a little old- 
fashioned for a store, and the accident was 
certainlv due to the- overweighting of tne 
ffoors. On the suggestion of the Sheriff, tlie 
jurv returned a formal verdict that the loss 
of life was due to the collapse of a portion ot 
the building; that at the time of the .-iccideiit 
there appeared to have been less materia than 
usual in the building; and that the collapse 
was due to the weight upon the floors, com- 
bined with the fact that the walls were thin 
and that the joists were not in some places 
strengthened by ties. 


Engineering Standards Committee.— At, 
a special meeting of the main committee (Sir 
John Wolfe Barry chairman). Mr. Charles le 
Maistre. A.M.Inst.C.E., M.Inst.E.E vyho 
has been in charge of the work of the elec- 
trical section since 1903, has been appointed 
secretary to the committee, in .successioii to 
the late'Mr Leslie S. Robertson, il.liist,C,E., 
who was lost with Lord Kitchener in the 
disaster to his Majesty's ship Hampshire. 

It has been decided that the Printers War 
Memorial shaU take the form of a new wing 
to the Caxton Convalescent Home. Limpsheld, 
in which the Honours Roll shall be placed. The 
estimated cost of the extension is £4,000. 

Mr. Charles Duncan, M.P., opened on Mon- 
day the new convalescent home of the Work- 
men's Club Union, which has been erected at 
Granste-over-Sands at a cost of £23.000, with 
acconmiodation for sixty-six residents. 

The county surveyor to the Isottingham- 
shire County Council ihas begun the work of 
widening Thackham's Lane at Chilwell, and 
the construction of a new road across the fields 
from AttenborouEch Lane, the estimated cost 
being £3,200. 

It is stated that many of the buildings put 
up for war purposes of one kind and another in 
this country will, when the appropriate time 
comes, -be taken down and re-erected in 
Belgium and elsewhere to aceornmodate those 
engaged in restoring devastated districts. 

The city coroner of Newcastle-on-Tyn<- held 
.nn inquest on Tuesday night, at tlie Royal 
Victoria Infirmary, on George Horod Raven, 
64, la builder and contractor, of Poplar Cres- 
cent, Gateshead, who died on the previous 
Saturday as the result of injuries received 
throup-h fallinir from a ladder the same day. 
A verdict of " Accidental death " was returned. 

Aug. 9. 191(J. 




Canberra : Australian Parliament 
HiiuSK. — The Federal Cabinet has apiimvea 
.; the resuscitation of the Ai'chitectural 
I ii'signs Competition for the Federal Parlia- 
.■iit House at Canberra. Eij;ht premiums, 
iiigiun from £2,000 to £250, are offered, the 
: .uil amount lieing £6,000. The designs 
must be submitted by the end of January 
next. The adjudicators appointed in connec- 
tion with the competition are Mr. George 
PiX)l, Australia; Sir John Burnet, E.S.A., 
LL.D., V.P.IJ.i.B.A., Great Britain; Mr. 
Victor Lalou.x. Hon. Corr. Jlember R.I.B.A. 
(of rue de Solferino, Paris), France; ilr. 
Eliel Saariiien, Russia; and Mr, Louis 
Sullivan, America. 

Cleveland. Ohio.— The foUowing have 
been invited to submit designs in competition 
for the proposed library building at Cleve- 
land, 0. : — Abrani CJarfield, Hubbell and 
Benes. Walker and Weeks, all of Cleveland, 
and Allen and Collens. Boston ; Hoiabird and 
Roche. Chicago, and Robert D. Kohn, John 
Russell Pope and Edward L. Tilton, New 
York. Each of the eight competitors will 
receive an honorarium of $1,000. The de- 
signs are to be sent in on September 28. The 
new library building, without furnishings, is 
to cost .$1,800,000. I'he librarv hoard has 
$2,000,000 available. The new library must 
harmonise with the group plan, and the 
Library Board contemplates a building 
capable of accommodating 2,000,000 books. 


Nelson, Khymney Valley.— The works of 
seweraLre and sewage disposal for the populous 
district of Nelson, in the area of the urban 
council of Caerphilly, have just been completed 
at a total cost of £16,356. The engine.ers were 
Messrs, Willcox and Raikes, and the contractor 
was Mr. H, E. Buckley, of Bradford. The 
sewage disposal works consist of settling tanks 
and circular bacteria beds similar to those 
which were constructed some years ago by the 
same engineers at Cefn Coed, near iMerthyr 
Tydfil. The site of the disposal works is within 
the iiarish adjoining the Nant Mafor, about 
half a mile west of Nelson, which lies on the 
watershed between this and another small tri- 
butary of the River Taff ; therefore the main 
outfall sewer had to be constructed in tunnel 
through the watershed to drain the north end 
of the village. The constructfon of this tiimncl 
involved some difficulties owing to the water- 
logged character of the subsoil met with for a 
great part of its length, and the remainder was 
in hard rock, which necessitated the use of 
compresseil-air drills and much blasting. The 
contract was executed under the immediate 
supervision of the resident engineer. Mr. W. I. 
Williams, who is now engaged in a similar 
capacity under Messrs Willcox and Raikes on 
ISO. 3 contract of tlic Rlivmnev Valley sewer- 
age scheme. 


Boyle's latp-t patent •• Air-Pump " ventila- 
tors have been adopted for the church at Kin- 
v,Trra. Co. Galway. 

The "Matone" film will be shown from 
August 7 to 12 at the Imperial Picture House, 
Leicester; An<lrcw"s Picture Theatre, Burnley; 
and the Clifton Cinema, Margate. Messrs. 
Lewis Bergitr and Sons, Limited, of Homerton. 
r*.E.. invite criticisms. 

Messrs. F. McNeill and Co.. Ltd.. 4, South 
Place, Finsbury Pavement. London, E.C., are 
now in a iiosition to give immediate delivery 
from London stock of their well-known felts 
for underlining and external roofing. These 
felts have been acknowledo-ed to be the best on 
the market for over eighty years, and arn 
British-made at their works in Kirkintilloch 
and r,ondon. while the prices will compete yerv 
favourably with other makes. 

Mr. William Lawrence Warrep. for fortv- 
ono years draughtsman to the firm of Ryde and 
Sons, surveyors, of Westminster, died on \Ved 
ne>vday last at 5, t'ornford Grove, Balh-im, in 
his seventy-second year. 

At the last session of the New York Society 
of Architects, the president. Mr. James Riley 
Gcrdon. in the chair, the members discussed and 
generally approved the recent amendment to 
the lien law of the TTnited States, whereby an 
architect may now obtain a lien on property 
lor plans and services rendered, other than 
actual supervision of thi- improvement. 

We regret to state that Major Herbert 
Pllwllips Fletcher, F. R.I.B.A., F.S.I., 
A.M.I.C.E.. Yeomanry attached to the Royal 
Flying Corps, of Park House, Mai'den, Kent, 
died on Wednesday last as the result of an 
:iccident while on duty. At the inquest, hehl 
at Marylebone on Saturday, Mr. Banister F. 
Fletcher, F.R.LB.A., of Woburii Square, 
W.C., depo.sed that deceased was a partner 
with him. Since the war his brother had had a 
good deal of experience in fl.ying as an 
observer in the East, and recently he had 
come home to obtain his pilot's certificate. — 
Sergeant J. Davies, of the Royal Flying 
Corps, said that on August 1 Major Phillips 
Fletcher was flying an aeroplane. He came 
down about fifty yards away from the spot 
where he had intended to "alight, because, 
witness thought, his propeller had suddenly 
stopped. Witness at once sent a mechanic to 
assist him, but the man failed to restart the 
jiropeller after making two efforts. Major 
Fletcher then told the mechanic to take the 
seat in the aeroplane, and himself proceeded 
to start the propeller. Having done so he 
lost his balance, and, as the propeller started, 
fell sideways under the propeller. The officer 
was found beneath the tail plane, which was 
broken, and he was terribly injured, and was 
afterwards conveyed to "the Royal Flying 
Corps Hospital at Bryanston Square. Wit- 
ness expressed the opinion that while in the 
act of starting the propeller the officer slipped 
and his balance. — Dr. C. Alkin Swan, 
attached to the Royal Flying Corps Hospital, 
said death took place 'on Thursday from 
shock and extensive internal hemorrhage, fol- 
lowing injuries which included the fracture 
of a number of ribs.- and which were such as 
would have been caused by the propeller. — A 
verdict of " Accidental death " was returned. 
Major Phillips Fletcher, who was forty- 
four years of age, was a son of the 
late Professor Banister Fletcher, F.R.LB.A 
formerly M.P. for North Wilts, and of 
;\[rs. Banister Fletcher, of Anglebay, 
West Hanipstead. He was in partner- 
sliip with his brother, Mr. IJanister 
Flight Fletcher, F.R.LB.A., F.S.I., as an 
architect and surveyor in New Bridge .Street. 
Blackfriars, E.C.. and like his brother 
was a barrister of the Middle Temple. He 
was educated at King's College. London, 
where he gained the gold medal in 
architecture and in English classics, and was 
afterwards articled to his father and com- 
menced practice in 1893. Two years later 
he became an A.ssooiate by examination of the 
Royal Institute of British Architects, and 
in 1902 was elected as a Fellow. He won the 
Godwin Bursary in 1904. He joined the Sur- 
veyors' Institution as an As.sociate in October, 
1893, becoming a Fellow of that body in 
June, 1897. In partnership with his brother 
he carried out a number of banks, including 
two recently completed at Harrow and Hythe. 
offices, shops, and other commercial premises 
in the Cit.v. a leather factorv at Kettering, 
the new buildings of King's College at Wim- 
bledon, the decoration of old King's College, 
Strand, and Carpenters' Hall, London Wall, 
and the building of St. George's Hall. Old 
Kent Road, and many houses, including 
Coneybury, Walton Heath, for Colonel S. H. 
Pollen, illustrated by us so recently as the 
5th ult. He held the appointments of sur- 
veyor to the Carpenters' Company and to 
the .Justices of Blackheath Division,' In con- 
nection with and in succession to his father, 
Mr. Phillips Fletcher took an active interest 
and part in the work of the City Companies' 
Trades Training Schools, in Great Titchfield 
Street, W., of which he had been director for 
the past seventeen years. Under his energetic 
management the schools had increased in 
usefulness until the progress of the war de- 
prived them of so many pupils and some 
masters. Mr. Fletcher also prepared and 
edited many handbooks for architects, .some 
originally written by Professor Banister 
Fletcher, including those on "The English 
Home," " Car|ientry and .loinerv." " Dilapi. 
datinns." "Quantities," "Light and Air." 
"Valuations and Compensations." and "The 
London Building Act." At the outbreak of 
the war he was with his regiment, the .Mid- 
dlesex Hussars, and went with it to Etrvpt. 
He was then seconded to the French, and did 

reconnaissance work from Aden and Pales- 
tine on French seaplanes for some months, 
and was awarded the Croix de Guerre, both 
Military and Naval, for conspicuous bravery 
under fire. He was afterwards the officer 
commanding a British Observers' School at 
Port Said, and returned to England to take 
liis pilot's certificiitft for future work with the 
Royal Flying Corps. Major Fletcher leaves a 
wiidow, Mrs. Lvdia Fletcher, the daughter 
of the late Mr. T. T. Lindlea, but no family. 
The funeral service was lield at St, Mary's 
Church, Abbey Road, St. John's Wood, on 
Monday, and the interment took place at 
Hampstead Cemetery. 

Lieutenant Samuel H. Teed, Royal Berk- 
shire Regiment, who has been killed in ac- 
tion, received his commission in August of 
last year. Mr. Teed was a well-known 
painter, his scenes on the Upper Thames 
being deservedly popular, a member of the 
Royal Society of British Artists, and held 
the appointment of Director of the Wliite- 
chapel Art Gallery. In this post he suc- 
ceeded Mr. Gilbert Ramsay, who had not 
long been appointed Director of the Glasgow 
Corporation Galleries when, war breaking 
out, he volunteered for active service, and 
fell in the Gallipoli expedition. 

■We regret to record the death of^ Mr, 
George Spencer Edwards, on the 1st inst., 
at Kingston Mansions, Clapham Road, at 
the age of 79, whose journalistic activities 
earned the regard of all who knew him 
during his long career, dating back to the 
middle of the last centur,y. He occupied 
successively responsible positions on the Era, 
the Si>ortirii/ and Dramatic Ncwx. and the 
Tteferic. In his connection with the last- 
named journal he. was the original " Cara- 
dos," over whiqh nom de plume his contribu- 
tions appeared for many years. 

Parishioners of St. Augustine's Churoh Kil- 
burn. have decided to erect in the churoh 
grounds, in memory of their kite vicar, a 
Calvary 30 ft. high. 

Mr. William .Firth, senior sanitary inspector 
for Shoreditoh for the past twenty-two years, 
who has just died, was a freeman of the 
Plumbers' Company and a teacher of plumb- 
ing work for the City Guilds of London Insti- 

Second-Lieut. Philip G. Mosse, Royal War- 
wicks, who is reported " missing, believed 
killed " in May last, 'had been a member of 
tlic Architectural Association since 1907. He 
joined the Artists' Rifles at the beginning of 
the war. obtaining his commission in ^ the 
Royal 'Warwicks in December, 1914. Lieut. 
Mosse was known to have fallen baldly 
wounded, but search parties later failed to find 

The Works Committee of the Corporation of 
Hove have iaiii>roved plans for a jiier which 
have been submitted to them by a conipany 
iiromoting the .scheme. The approval is sub- 
ject to further details of the structure being 
submitted. It is recommended, however, that 
the corporation call the attention of the Board 
of Trade to the fact that thev are not yet 
satisfied that the sum of £65.000 is available, 
as mentioned in the Provisional Order. 

Second-Lieut. George Frederick Austin, 
Cheshiirc Regiment, killed on July 19. 
was the son of Mr. John G. .Austin, of Ilford. 
of the firm of Austin, Limited, timber mer- 
chants, of Ilford, East Ham. H'^ was twenty- 
three years of age, and joined the Inns of 
Court O.T.C. early in July, 1915, and pro. 
ceeded to France, where he took nart in many 
big engairements. Mr. Austin was employed 
in his father's business. 

Captain Roland Ivor Gough. Royal War- 
wickshire Reoriment, who h'ls been severely 
wounded, is the son of Mr. Arthur Gough. of 
Broad Strec^t. Birmincrham. He joinod as a 
lirivate. and obtained his captaincy in Novem- 
iicr last year. Captain Gough, who is twenty 
vears of age. was. when war broke out. study- 
ing at the Birmingham School of Art, with 
the view of becoming an architect. 

Second-Lieut. Frank Batts. son of Mr. 
.Arthur Batts. crmtractnr. of Coventry, was 
killed in action last week. Twenty-five vears 
of age. the deceased officer ioined the Royal 
Warwick.shire Regiment in the earlv days of 
the war, and wias siven his oonmii.ssion on the 
field. He was educated at Bablake School, 
Coventry, and was engaged in the building 
trade with his father. 


rilE BUIL1)L\(; NEWS: iVo. ;3l^l4. 

Aug. 9, U)1G. 

(Bm (B&tt f abk. 

Mr. R. M. UutUr, F.R.I. B.A.. of Kildare 
Street, Dublin, in a, letter to the Tiinen ou llie 
reconstruction of Dublin, points out that, 
w hile adeiiuatP power.i are provided for carry- 
ing out the objects of the Oovernmcnt mea- 
sure for rebuildini; the .Sackville .Street area 
of Dublin destroyed during the Eastertide re- 
l>ellion. no ^irocedure for its practical working 
has been laid down. The Act is to be admin- 
istered by the Corporation of Dublin, subject 
in certain matters to the control of tlie Local 
(Joverument Board for Ireland. Neither 
body possesses machinery for administerinj; 
an Act dealing with one of the most im 
portJint problems of town-pl.anning that has 
arisen in these countries for many" years, in- 
volving important (Esthetic considerations as 
well as the expendituri [>' a very large .sum 
of pul>lic money. Thee j ct of this measure. 
granting loans for rebuilding in addition to 
the ex r/ratiii insurance allowances to the 
owners of destroyed property, is not merely 
the relief of individuals, but aims at giving 
to the capital a dignified and, as far as 
possible, monumental stheme of rebuilding, 
worthy of the noble thoroughfare and of the 
great and unique opportunity which has pre- 
sented itself. To attain a "successful result 
it seems, says Jlr. Butler, essential that some 
administrative commission or tribunal, work- 
ing in harmony with the Corporation, should 
be created to deal with the many questions 
of practical construction and planning, as 
well as of beauty and fitness, such as it is 
mipossible a municipal cnimcil could solve. 
Represented on such a commission, or work- 
ing m conjunction with it. there should be 
he urges, a small " committee of taste," com- 
posed of architects or town-planning artists, 
and one or two men of experience" in com- 
mercial affairs, to act in an advisory capacity, 
or a« assessors in matters of architectural 
design and construction. If .something on 
these lines is not done it is plain that the 
results will be disappointing, and public 
money w-ill be wasted. 

Fifteen Norman capitals just presented to 
the museum at Reading bv Mr. C. E. Kevser 
i>.S. A. formed part of the cloister of the 
great Abbey of Reading, and were found on 
an island formed by a back-water of the 
Thames and Loddon in .Sonning parish. It 
IS not known how they got there, but after 
the dissolution of the monasteries the ruins 
became a quarry for all who liked to remove 
the stones, and barge-loads were taken to 
Uindsor in 1557. It is therefore probable 
that t^iese capitals, which are elaborately 
carved, were removed from Reading Abbey, 
which was a magnificent example of Norman 
work. Mr. Keyser has also presented carved 
stones dug up during the excavations re- 
cently earned out at his cost on the site of 
the Palace of the Bishop of Salisbury at Con- 
ning, relics of the twelfth-, thirteenth-, 
fourteenth- and fifteenth-century buildings 
which stood there. ° 

The prospectus of Universitv courses for 
the sea.son 1916-17 at the Municipal School 
of Technology, Manchester, has just been 
published. These courses lead to the 
degrees of Bachelor and Master of Tech- 
nical Science (B.Sc.Tech. and M.Sc.Tech.). 
They are controlled by the Senate of the 
Tniversity, through the Board of the 
Faculty of Technology, which is composed 
of the heads of departments in the School 
of Technology, together -\vith certain 
other professors and lecturers in the fniver- 
sity. The remaining work of the School of 
Technology is controlled by the City Council 
alone. The buildings of "the school are six 
stories in height and cover an area of 6,400 
square yards. They were erected by Messrs. 
R. Neill and Sons, of Manchester, from de- 
signs by Messrs. Spalding and Cross, of 
London. The textile department, on an ad- 
joining site, was built by the same contrac- 
tors from designs by Mr. A. W. S. Cross, 
M.A., F.R.I.B.A., "of London. The new 
session will open on Thnrsday, October 5, and 
will end on July 27, 1917. "The Professor of 
Architecture is" Mr. Archibald C. Dickie. 
ALA., F.S.A., A.R.I.B.A. In the long list 
of graduates on whom degrees have been con- 

ferred since the establishment of the present in 1909 we find none who have taken 
the M.Sc.Tech in architecture, and only two 
in that class who have taken the B.Sc."Tech. 
— Maurice Doff, in 1911, and P. Morrey 
(Honours Division) in 1915. 

The recent revelations respecting the con- 
dition and need.s— physical and mental— of 
some of the British prisoners of war interned 
abroad, coupled with the recently imposed 
restrictions on the transmission, by private 
individuals, of any printed matter to enemy 
or neutral countries, makes it more important 
than ever that friends and correspondents of 
our interned men. when writing to them, 
should acquaint them with the existence of 
.in Educational Book Scheme under which 
they can get their wants supplied. L'nder 
this scheme any such prisoner can obtain, 
free of charge and carriage paid, good books 
of an educational character (not fiction or 
light literature) on almost any subject for 
reading or private study during his intern- 
ment by communicating (either directly or 
through a correspondent) with Mr. A. T. 
Davies of the Boar_d of Education, Whitehall. 
London, S.W. Prisoners are invited to state 
as precisely as possible on form (which can 
be had gratis on application) what kind of 
books they desire, the evidence that has 
already reached this country shows that it is 
necessary to provide not merely physical, but 
aLso mental, sustenance for British prisoners 
during their confinement, and this the above 
Educational Book Scheme aims at doing. 
Offers of suitable books for the latter will be 
gladly received by Mr. Davies, but they 
should be accompanied by a submission of the 
list of books proposed to be contributed. 

The Scottish Art Teachers' Association 
have issued a memorandum on the com- 
mercial vaUie of art in industry. The memo- 
randum directs attention to the importance 
our rivals have always attached to the ex- 
pert, and this most noticeably in those par- 
ticular branches of trade where they had 
obtained an undoubted supremacy, the iron, 
dye-stuffs, and chemical trades. "When all 
allowance has been made for the factors of 
sujierior national organisation, the fact re- 
mains that the astonishing advances made by 
our rivals are in no small measure due to the 
way in which the expert has been the trusted 
and honoured associate of the manufacturer. 
The art teachers of Scotland, as represented 
by this Association, desire to put on record 
their belief in the excellence and adaptability 
of British applied art, and its ability, when 
properly made use of, to hold its own in any 
market, whether at home or abroad. Other 
things being equal, the essential point is 
that this national capital of artistic skill 
should be taken advantage of to the fullest 
extent. With this in view the Scottish Art 
Teachers' Association desires to call the at- 
tention of all concerned — manufacturers. 
Chambers of Commerce, and Government De- 
partments — to the advisability of holding as 
early as possible a conference or conferences, 
to discuss the problem of the bringing to- 
gether of the manufacturer and the expert, 
with the view of giving to the designer his 
due place in our newly organised industries." 

In discussing the report of the medical 
officer of health for Warrington at Wednes- 
day night's meeting of the town council. 
Alderman Bennett drew attention to the fact 
that during the year only fifteen new houses 
had been built. They would have to face the 
question of the shortage of houses and deal 
with it in a drastic manner. It was their 
bounden duty to supply houses of the right 
kind for the working-classes. Mr. Gough 
pointed out that while they were calling at- 
tention to the shortage of houses in the town 
certain munition firms were pulling down 
property in order to extend their works. 
Yet the council had taken no action in the 
matter. The Mayor explained that the cor- 
poration had no power to stop them, but they 
had been instrumental in one case in getting 
the notices to quit to the tenants withdrawn. 
Mr. Gough said at least these firms ought 
to make some provision for the houses they 
were demolishing. Mr. Broadhurst was of 
the opinion tbat the Local Government Board 
ought to act, and try to remedy the serious 

shortage in houses. Alderman James Evans, 
chairman of the Health Committee, said the 
(■(juncil were moving in the matter, and they 
had invited the co-opei"ation of other councils 
to see if the Local Government Board could 
be successfully approached in the matter. 

At the last meeting of the Corporation of 
Manchester, Councillor Dagnall, chairman of 
the Electricity Committee, asked the council 
what the committee ought to do in regard 
to making a contract with a firm in London 
for the supply of boiler tubes, seeing that 
99 ))er cent, of the cajiital of the firm was 
held by Germans, and the standing orders of 
the council forbade the corporation doing 
business with firms in which two-thirds of 
the capital was held by Germans or Aus- 
trians. The difficulty was that the firm in 
question was the only one in this country that 
made the tubes required. The tubes could be 
got tlirough intermediaries, but in that case 
the corporation would have to pay more. 
The firm's works were now controlled by tho 
Ministry of Munitions. Alderman Kay, 
chairman of the Gas Committee, said his 
department was in the same position as the 
Electricity Committee. The blame rested on 
the Government for not taking possession of 
the works, lock, stock, and barrel. Alder- 
man Walker, deputy chairman of the Elec- 
tricity Committee, said there was no thought 
of the Government confiscating the firm's 
property. In the circumstances, the council 
consented to a suspension of the standing 
orders and gave the Electricity Committer 
permission to enter into the contract. 

How old is the sky-scraper? According to 
Professor Hamlin, of Columbia University, 
the steel skeleton was invented in 1889. and 
about two years later it was definitely 
adopted in 'American city architecture, so 
that it has just completed its quarter-cen- 
tury. The early enthusiasm for the very 
high building. Mr. Hamlin .says, has largely 
evaporated, for the cost is enormous, and the 
requirements laid upon the architect have 
vastly increased the complexity of liis task. 
But the sky-scraper is surely older than the 
steel .skeleton, unless, indeed, the Tower of 
Babel was an early example? 


Mr. Hugo \YiIhelm Rudolf Koch, of 44, 
Doughty St.. W.C.. editor and publisher of 
Ariuhiiii/ Archil fcii^rc and Architectural Jic- 
rit u\ is changing his name to Hugh William 

It is to be regretted that several of the fine 
frescoes by Sir William Richmond and Profes- 
sor Gerald ^Moira in the entrance hall at the 
Old Bailey show evident indications of fading 
out of recognitiotj. An expert has been called 
in by the City Lands Committee to give advice 
as to their preservation. 

On the initiative of the Leyton Higher Edu- 
cation Committee, the Essex County Council 
will open in September a new engineering and 
trade school for boys between thirteen and six- 
teen years of age in premises whicli adjoin the 
Leyton town hall. The Drapei-s' Company 
have voted a grant of £100 a year for three 
years to enable them to give small scholarships 
to tlhe sons of Leyton artisans. 

Second-Lieutenant Arthur Herbert Page, 
Suffolk Regiment, killed in action on July 19. 
was the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Herbert 
Page, of Ridgnalls, Great Horkesley, Essex. 
and was twenty-five years of age. He was 
educated at Ipswich School, and was a land 
agent and surveyor, holding a position in the 
London office of'iMessrs. Strutt and Parker, of 
Russell Square. After being in the Inns of 
Court O.T.C.. he received his commission in 
December, 1914, and had been in France about 
ten months. 

At the request of the Herefordshire County 
Council the members of the Ross Rural Coun- 
cil, at their meeting oh Friday, discussed the 
scheme laid down by the county surveyor, and 
supported by many "prominent members of the 
count V council, of taking over the sole control 
of riie main roads in Herefordshire. The 
Chairman (Alderman T. Preece) urged that if 
the rural councils of Herefordshire allowed the 
county council to take the sole control of these 
roads" that policy would entirely kill local in- 
terest and vastly increase public expenditure. 
After discussion it was unanimously decided 
that it would be in the liest interests of the 
ratepayers that the county council should con- 
tinue the present system of management of the 
main road?. 

Aug. 9. 1916. 




A church is about to be built at Bedbay, 
County Antrim, from plans by Mr. W. Moore, 
of RoyaJ Avenue, Belfast. 

The sum of £25,000 is to be spent on addi- 
tions to the chapter house and deanery at St. 
Andrew's Cathedral. Sydney, N.S.VV. 

Thirty acres of surplus land on the Totton- 
iiam housing estate have been let by the London 
County Council at £2 per annum per acre. 

Mr. Alcxajider Brown, son of Mr. Angus 
Brown, formerly burgh surveyor of Wishaw, 
has been killed at the fi-ont. He was twenty- 
six and a professional associate of the .Sur- 
veyors' Institution. 

The partnership hitherto subsisting between 
J. Roberts and C. A. Bailey, builders' mer- 
chants, *t Pall Mallj Liverpool, and Islington, 
Great Crosby, Lancaster, under the style of 
John Roberts and Co., ihas been dissolved. 

At Wirksworth Parish Church on Friday last 
Mr. J. F. Wardle, surveyor to the Bolsover 
Urban District Council, was married to Miss 
Ruth Twigge, third daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
T. G. Twigge, Steeple Grange, and late of 

The University of Michigan has conferred 
upon Mr. Cass Gilbert, architect. East Twenty- 
fourth Street, uMew York City, the honorary 
.degree of Doctor of Laws. Mr. Gilbert has 
been since 1907 an Hon. Corresponding Mem- 
ber of the Royal Institute of British Archi- 

Wren House, Chichester, one of the finest old 
mansions in Sussex, built from the designs of 
Sii' Christopher Wren in 1696, and until re- 
cently the residence of the late Sir Arthur 
Fairbairn, the deaf and dumb baronet, has been 
acquired by the West Sussex County Council 
for offices at a cost of £5,500. 

Liquid. chlorine instead of raw hypochloride 
of limo is about to be used in the purification 
of the water supply for the city of Ottawa. 
Tlie city waterworks committee is recommend- 
ing to that council that a temporary plant for 
the injection of liquid chlorine be erected at 
once from plans by Mr. Haycock, the water- 
works engineer. 

The new merchandise exhibition building 
planned for erection by the Bush Terminal 
Company at 132 and 134 West Forty-second 
Street, New York City, just east of Broadway, 
will be 29 stories in height. Messrs. Helme 
and Corbett, 190, Montague Street, Brooklyn, 
are the architects. The cost is estimated at 
700.000 dollars. 

At a recent meeting of the committee on 
public monuments of Sie city of Montreal, a 
resolution was passed asking the Board of Con- 
trol and City Council to name a board of 
conipetent advisers to pass upon designs of 
new buildings froni the artistic point of view, 
the board to have power to decide on the build- 
ing line, height, and material of buildings. 

The Hendon Urban District Council has re- 
cently spent about £20,000 in constructing nddi- 
tional precipitating tanks and percola-ing 
filters. The Local Government Board has re,- 
r-'ntly stopped the work owing to tlie present 
• risis. Mr. H. T. Wakelam, the county sur- 
veyor of Middlesex, in his annual report to the 
'■ouucil, says he regards it as particularly un- 
fortunate that this course has had to be taken, 
as the extensive works ^already carried out will 
be of no value until the whole undertaking is 

Authority has been given to tlie improvement 
committee of the corporation of Shrewsbury 
to apply to the Local Government Board for 
permission to proceed with a town-planning 
scheme. The committee submitted details of 
an arrangement which had been arrived at for 
laying-out Lord Barnard's Raby estate, adjoin- 
ing Belle Vue Ga.rdens, and Longden Road on 
lownjjjlanninig lines, and these were approved. 
Lord Barnard gives ap 3,500 yards for widen- 
ing Longden Road, and the cost for widening 
is estimated at £2,600. 

The severe fire which ravaged the to^vn of 
Bergen last January necessitated the blowing- 
up of the damaged houses. A company of tlie 
Norwegian Royal Engineers was placed at the 
disposal of the municipality, and in the course 
of a fortnight the engineers blew up some sixty 
houses. Dynamite was used in most cases, gun- 
cotton in a few instances where it was con- 
sidered risky to employ dynamite. The charges 
were generally placed about t'he level of the 
eurface of the earth and detonated by elec- 
tricity. For a two-brick wall charges of dyna- 
mite, according to the size of the house, varied 
fmm 0.25 to 0.50 kilogramme, and the dirttance 
between the charges from 1 to 1.5 metres. The 
hou-es, as a rule, wore lifted right up and fell 
straight down, the walls not falling to either 

A memorial church of SS. Matthew and 
Aidan is proposed to be built in Roundthorn 
Road, Oldham. 

A County Palladium is to be built in 
Exchange Street, Aylesbury, from plans by Mr. 
F. Taylor, architect, of that town. 

Only fifteen new houses have been built in 
Warrmgton during the past year. The town 
has a population of nearly 80,000. 

The autumn exhibition of the Walker Art 
Gallerv, Liverpool, will be opened on Septem- 
ber 30". and will close on December 30. 

Lord Tredegar is adding a chapel to Bassa- 
leg Parish .Church, Monmouthshire, as a 
memorial to the late Viscount Tredegar. 

The directors of the St. James's and Pall 
Mall Electric Light Company have appointed 
Sir Alexander B. W. Kennedy chief engineer 
in the place of the late Mr. S, T. Dobson. 

Extensive additions have been made to 
Messrs. Kvnoch's works at Arklow, and wiU be 
completed''next week. Over 400 men have been 
employed upon the undertaking for two years 
past by the contractors, Messrs. G. and T. 
Crampton, of Dublin. 

Preparations are being made for the erection 
of a 1.000,000-dollar hall of records building 
as an annex to the court house at Newark, 
New Jersey. Tentative plans for the building 
have been "prepared by Mr. Marshall N. Shoe- 
maker, architect, of New York. 

Lieut. Maurice E. Webb, Royal Engineers, 
has been promoted to be Captain. Captain 
Webb, M.A., F.R.I.B.A., is the elder son of 
Sir Aston Webb, R.A., and joined his corps as 
a private nearly two years ago when serving 
as President of the Architectural Association. 
The city council of Rochester have adopted 
amended plans by the engineer for the main 
drainage istfheme, and have ordered the plans 
to be submitted to the Local Government Board 
for approvral. Application will be made for to borrow £67,020 for oarrj'ing out the 

Second-Lieutenant Alexander Muir, H.L.I., 
attached' Northumberland Fusiliers, who has 
died of wounds, was the elder son of Mr. 
William Muir, of Messrs. A. Muir and Sons, 
building contractors, Glasgow. He wa«s twenty 
years of age, .and was educated at Glasgow 

The Dundee Art Gallery has received tlie 
gift of a painting from the Trustees of the 
John Morris Fund. The picture selected is 
Mr. John Lavery's splendid representation of 
the Wounded at the London Hospital, which 
won high praise when shown at the Royal 
Academy last year. 

iMr. Samuel Harrison, for twenty-two years 
city surveyor of Ripon, died on July 25 at Old 
Gate House, Ripon, aged eighty years. He was 
a member of the iboard of guardians, and 
trustee of the Mechanics' Institute, bailiff for 
the Manor of Ripon, and deputy bailff for the 
Liberty of Ripon, having in the two latter 
offices succeeded his father nearly sixty years 

Mr. James D. Milnei-, clerk and acting 
assistant keeper of the National Portrait Gal- 
lery, has been appointed director, keeper, and 
secretary, in succession to Mr, C. J. Holnus, 
who has been appointed to be directoir of the 
National Gallery. Mr. Robert Clermont Witt, 
F.S.A.. honoi-ary secretary of the National Art 
Collections Fund, has been appointed a trustee 
of the National Gallery. 

On the ai)j)lication of the vica,r and church- 
wardens of Hillingdon, near Uxbridge, the 
Chancellor, of the Diocese of London (Sir A. 
B. Kempe) has granted a faculty to authorise 
the erection of a tablet in the parish church to 
the memory of .Second-Lieutenant the Hon. 
Charles T. ' Mills, M.P., 2nd Battalion Scots 
Gaiards, who was killed in action at Hulliicli 
on October 5. 1915. The memorial, \vhich was 
designed by Messrs. Poynter and Wenyon, was 
ilhistrated in our issue of the 26th ult. 

A statement issued by the CItv Corporation 
shows a total exjienditure from 1901 to date on 
the Central Criminal Court, Old Bailey, of 
£380.690. The cost of the site is Btate<l at 
£400,000 : builders' contracts amounted to 
£306,880; and the outlay on designs, including 
fees, is given as £23,202." The Central Criminal 
Court, better known hy the cumbrous title of 
the New Old Bailey, was erected from the 
designs of the lat« E. W. Mountford, 
F.R.I.B..'\., .selected in competition, and was 
illustrated in our issues of June 29, July 13 
and 20, 1900, and October 5, 1906, and also 
from tiiie half-inoh scale model photographed 
in our issue of March 13, 1903. The cupola 
and dome were given from photographs in our 
issue of December 30, 1910, and the decorations 
of the mum hall in that for March 15 i>f the 
present year, page 255, last volume. 

Lieutenant J. L. Peacocke, Royal Engineers, 
and town engineer of Newtownards, has been 
killed in the advance on the Somme. i 

News has reached his father at Portsmouth 
that Brigade-Major W. T. Wyllie, seoonid son 
of Mr. W. L. Wyllie, Royal Academician, was 
killed in action on July 19. Major Wyllie had 
seen service in South Africa and Nigeria, and 
had served in (France since May, 1915. He was 
born in London in 1882. 

The Salford Corporation, at their meeting on 
Wediiesday, authorised the preparation of a 
town-planning scheme for the northern and 
western districts. The former, relating to 
Higher Broughton, will be treated as a resi- 
dential area, and the latter, in the neighbour- 
hood of the Ship Canal, as a factoi-y area. 

Tain Town Council have sold the standing 
timber — mostly Scottish firs — on their estate 
of Culpleasant for £2,000 to an Inverness firm, 
who liave got eighteen months to clear it off. 
The council acquired the estate because the 
catchment area of their waterworks is mostly 
on it, and they have not only secured absolute 
control of the" purity of their water, but have 
made a good profit. 

A new church of (St. Winifred has been built 
by the Duke and Duchess of Portland at Wood- 
house Hull, near Welbeck. It accommodates 
150 worshippers and is Norman in style, consist, 
ing of nave with north aisle, chancel -and apse, 
with vestries and organ chamber. The vvalls 
are of Cresswell stone and tlhe fittings of oak. 
The architect was Mr. D. McJLntyre, the estate 
clerk of works. 

Mr. W. W. Waite, the borough treasurer of 
Barrow-in-Furness, in his report for 1915-16, 
states that under the Small Dwellings Acquisi- 
tion Act borrowing powers for £60,000 have 
been sanctioned ibv the Local Government 
Board. The scheme came into operation on 
April 1, 1914, and to March 31 last £40,295 had 
been advanced to 189 persons, of which £20.295 
has been, lent to 98 persons during the past 
year. Since March 31 a further £3,000 has 
"been loaned to another fourteen workmen for 
house pnrchasc-s. 

Mr. Balfour unveiled on Tuesday in last 
week a marble memorial tablet erected in St. 
Margaret's, Westminster, to the memory of 
Mr. Alfred Lvttelton, who was Secretary of 
State for the Colonics from 1903 to 1905. It 
has been erected by members of both Houses 
of Parliament. The centre of the tablet, which 
is by Sir Goscombe John, R.A., is occupied by 
a medallion portrait of the departed statesman, 
between allegorical figures, representing on one 
side Faith and Generosity, on the other 
Fortitude and Justice. 

Colonel Long, C.'M.G., presided at the annual 
meeting of the Weston-super-Mare and 
Axbridge district 'branch of the Somerset 
Arch^ological Society, held at the School ot 
Science and Art on Monday in last week. Ihe 
report of the hon. treasurer showed that there 
was a balance in hand of £34 7s. lOd. On tho 
motion of the chairman, it was decided that, 
although the times were not propitious for the 
holding of the usual summer excursion, yet the 
society should be kept alive_ by continuing the 
winter lectures. Colonel Long was reappointed 
chairman of the branch, ,and Mr. C. H. Botham- 
ley and Major Griffith iDavies re-elected hon 
se'cretary and hon. treasurer respectively. 

Second-Lieutenant William Bell, C.E., Royal 
Engineers, has been killed in action. He served 
his apprenticeship with Messrs. Ferguson and 
Shaw civil engineers, Glasgow, now Messrs. 
Babtie, Shaw, and Morton. Thereafter he was 
on the staff of Messrs. Bruce and Proudfoot^, 
C E Cupar-Fife, and! subsequently with 
Messrs. D. and C. Stevenson, civil engineers, 
Edinburgh, engineers to the Northern Ligbt- 
house Commissioners. Soon after the outbreak 
of war he obtained a Government appointment 
in connection with the water and drainage 
systems of one of the largest training centres 
in England, and when this work was com- 
pleted he was given a commission m the Koyal 

Twelve months ago plans were prepared at 
the instigation of the School Boajd of Dun- 
fermline "for the erection of a permanent school 
at Rosyth to take the place of existing tem- 
porary buildings. The estimated cost of the 
new building was about £20,000, a figure which, 
hv modifications of tho Ijlans, was subscquent^ly 
reduced to £13,000. Negotiations which tho 
board entered upon with a view to obtaining 
financial assistance from the Admiralty were 
unsuccessful, but tho Admiralty have sent 
a letter to the clerk to the sc'hool board in- 
timating the withdrawal of their objections 
and stating that the school may be p»3ceeied 
with. The building of the school on a modified 
scale will be begun forthwith. 



Aug. 9, 1916. 



24 10 


21 10 
13 12 
13 17 


18 10 


16 10 

8 15 

9 10 


— > • t — 

N.B. — AM pru'cs IlUI^t t'i» rt-Kftrdtd as inorvly ap- 
proxiolAtc for the \>rfsfnt, ns niir usual sources of 
iiiforuiatloD arc ni many (?a es fuiltuit us. 
I * I — 
Owing to stoppage of supplies all prices 
have advanced cousidcnibly. 

IKON. Per ton. Per ton. 

ItoUed SlealJoista, Rnglista £20 0(o£21 

Compound Uirderst Ordinary 

Sections 22 

Compound Stanchions 'z3 

Alleles, Tees, Channels and Flitch 

Plates 20 10 

Wrought-Iron Girder Plates 13 10 

Bteel Girder Plates 13 15 

Kieel Sheets (Single or Double) .. 1110 0„ 

steal Strip 10 15 0„ 

Haiio Bars 11 15 ,, 

Mild Steel Bars 18 0,, 

Steel Bars, Ferro • Concrete 

Quality (biikis price) 18 0,, 

Bar Iron, good Staffs 16 ,, 

l>o.i Lowmoor, Flat, Rouod, or 

Square, to 3.^ cwt 24 ,, 

D p., Btaffordsilire Crown 16 ,, 

Boiler Plates, Iron — 

South StalTs 8 0„ 

Bait Snedshill 9 „ 

Aagiel, 10s., Tees 20b. per ton extra. 
Bulldars' Hoop Iron, for bonding, £18 to £18 10s. 
Ditto galvanised, £32 to £32 10s. per ton. 

OalTanised Corrugated Sheet Iron — 

No. 18 to 20. Ko. 22 to 24. 
6ft. to 8ft. long, inclusive Per ton. Per ton. 

gauge £30 ..£30 10 

Bestditto 32 .. 32 10 

Per ton. Per ton. 

Cast-iron Columns £13 10 0tofl4 

Cast-iron Stanchions 13 10 ,,14 

Kolled-Iron Fencing Wire 8 15 „ 9 5 

Rollad-Steel Fencing Wire 7 15 

<■ ,, ,, Qalvanised 6 5 

Ca'it-lron Sash Weights 7 

Cut Floor Brads 24 

Corrugated Iron, 24 gauge 27 

Galvanised Wire Strand, 7 ply, 

14B.W.G 14 5 

B.B. Drawn Telegraph Wire, Galvanised— 
0to8 9 10 11 12 

£10 10a. £10 15s. £1108. £11 5s. f 11 LSs. per ton. 
Cast-iron Socket Pipes — 

3 in, diameter £7 5 to £7 12 6 

4in.»o6in 7 0,, 726 

7 in. to 24 in. (all sizes) 7 7 6,, 7 12 6 

[Coat«d with composition, 5s. Od. per ton extra. 
Tamed and bored joints, .^s. per ton extra.] 
Pig Iron— Per ton. 

Cold Blast, Lillieshall 177s. 6d. to 182s. 5d. 

Hot Blast, ditto 115s. Od. „ 125s. Od. 

WroDgbt-Iron Tubes and Fittings— Discount off 
Standard Lists f.o.b. (plus 2^ per cent.)— 

Gai-Tubes 52ip.o. 

Water-Tubes 47J ., 

Slaam-Tubes 42J ., 

Qalvanised Gas-Tubes 30' ,, 

Galvanised Water-Tubes 23| ,, 

Qalvanised Steam-Tubes 17i «, 


Per ton. Per ton. 

Lead Water Pipe, Town 'fSe 10 Oto — 

,. „ „ Country «37 10 „ — 

Lead Barrel Pipe, Town '37 10 0„ — 

„ ,, „ Country '38 10 0,, — 

Lead Pipe, tinned inside, Town ♦38 10 ,, — 
II .1 „ ,, Country 'SS 10 „ — 

Lead Pipe, tinned inside and 

outside Town *41 0,, — 

II II I, ,, Country '42 „ — 

Composition Gas-Pipe, Town.. '39 10 ,, — 

I, „ Country '40 10 „ — 

Lead Soil-pipe (up to 4Jin.) Town '39 10 „ — 

■I II ,, ,, Country '40 10 ,, — 

[C)v«r4iin. £1 per ton extra.] 

Lead, Common Brands 25 10 ,, 26 

L«ad, 41b. sheet, English 35 15 „ 36 5 

Lead Shot, in 281b. bags 24 15 0„ — 

Copper Sheets, Sheathing & Rods 148 „ 150 
Copper, British Cake and Ingot 120 ,, 122 

Tin, English Ingots 170 10 ,, 171 

Do., Bars 171 „ 172 

Pig Lead, in Icwt. Pigs, Town .. 33 12 6„ 34 12 

Sheet Lead, Town 'SB 0„ — 

,1 ,, Country "37 0,, — 

Genuine White Lead -56 0,, — 

Refined Red Lead 56 „ — 

Sheet Zino 145 0,, — 

Spelter 93 „ 110 

Old Lead, against account 24 15 0,, — 

Tin perewt. 10 10 0„ — 

Cut nails (per cwt. basis, ordinary 
brand) 13 0,, — 


6 15 

7 10 
24 5 


Firat i|Uality 20,, 12.. 10 12 6 

.. 16 , 

Eureka unfading 

20 „ 10 .. 15 17 
20 „ 12 .. 18 7 

5 10 
£ 8. d. per 1,000 ol 
1,200 at r. stn. 

Permanent Green. 

First Hard Stocks 

Second Hard Stocks.. 1 16 

Mild Stocks 1 14 

Picked Stocks for 

Facings 2 12 

Flettons 1 13 

Pressed Wire Cuts .. 1 18 

Red Wire Cuts 1 14 

Best Fareham Red .. 3 12 
Best R' d Pressed 

Ruabon Facing 5 5 

Beat Blue Pressed 

Staffnrdshire 5 

Ditto Bullnose 5 5 

Best Stourbridge Fire- 
bricks 4 15 

25in. Best Bed Ac-) 
crington Plastic I 4 10 
Facing Bricks J 

18 „ 10 .. 13 5 
. 16 „ S . . 10 5 

20 „ 10 .. 11 12 
. 18 „ 10 .. 9 12 
. 16 „ 8 .. 6 12 

(All prices net.) 

.£2 per 1,000 alongside, in 


delivered at 
raily. station. 

•. d. 
3 3 

1 10^. 


3 8 

1 J 

1 7 

1 8} 

1 91 

* For 5 cwt. lots and upwards. 

( Net. delivered in 
,, i full truck loads 
i Liondon. 

Per 1,000 
3^" Acerington Best Red Plasti« Facing Bricks £2 10 

3J" ditto Second Best Plastic ditto 2 2 6 

Ditto Ordinary Secondary Bricka 1 11 3 

Ditto Plastic Engineering Bricks 1 17 6 

Sewer Arch Brick, not more than 3| in 

thickest part 2 

3^" Chimney Bricks fit for outside work 2 6 

3J" ditto ditto through and through 2 

3|" Beaded, Ovolo and Bevel Jambs; Octa- 
gons; 2^" and i" radius BuUnoses ; Stock 

patterns .".... 3 7 6 

Aocrington Air Bricks, 9" x 2 course deep, each 6 

Ditto ditto 9" X 1 course 3 

Accrington Camber Arches : — 

3 course deep 4V' soffit, per loot opening.. 13 

4 ., H" „ n ,,..018 

5 „ 4^- .. ., ,,..021 

6 „ H" .. „ ,,..026 

3 „ 9" „ 2 1 

4 ,, 9- „ 2 11 

5 „ 9" 3 6 

6 „ 9" ,. M ,,..046 
Net free on rail, or Iree on boat at works. 



White, Ivory, and Best. 

Salt Glazed. Buff, Cream, Other Seconds 
Best. Seconds. & Bronze. Colours. Colours. 

£13 7 6 £12 7 5 £14 17 6 £18 17 6 £13 17 6 

12 17 6 11 17 6 14 7 6 18 7 6 13 7 
Quoins, Bullnose, and 4^in. Flats^ 

16 17 6 15 17 6 18 17 6 22 7 6 17 7 
Double Stretchers — 

18 17 6 17 17 6 
Double Headers — 

15 17 6 14 17 6 18 17 6 22 7 
One side and two ends, square — 

19 17 6 18 17 6 22 17 6 27 7 
Two sides and one enil, square — 

20 J7 6 19 17 6 23 17 6 27 17 
Splayb and Squints— 

18 7 6 17 7 6 22 17 6 25 17 6 18 17 6 
Stretchers out for Closers and Nicked Double 

Headers, £1 per 1.000 extra. 

Compass Bricks, Circular and Arch Bricks, not exceed 
inp 9x4^x2§ in., of single radius, £6 per 1,000 over 
and above l:si for their respective kinds and colours. 

The foUou'iiig prices of Special Bricks are plu^^ 12.^ %: — 
Plinth and Hollow Bricks, Stretchers and Headers— 

5d. each 4d. each 6d. each 6d. each 5d. each 
Double Bullnose, Round Ends, Bullnose Stops — 

51. each 4d. each 6d. each 6d. each 5d. each 
Rounded Internal Angles— 

4d. each 3d. each 5d. each 5d. each 4d. each 
Camber Arch Bricks, not exceeding 9x4Jx7gin., any 
kind or cotour. Is. 2d. each. 


Stretchers and Headers — 

8d. each 8d. each 8d. each 8d. each 8d. each 
Internal and External Angles — 

1/2 each 1/2 each 1/2 each 1/2 each 1/2 each 
Sill Bullnose, Stretchers, and Headers— 

5d. each 4d. each 6d. each 6d. each 5d. each 

21 17 e 25 7 6 19 




Phone: Central 1O20. Telegrams: "Metalise. Birmingham," 

Bankers: Th^ National Provincial Bank of England, 

Ltd., Bennett's Hill, Birmingham. 


in. in. f s. 


per 1,000 of 

Bloe Portmadoc. 

.. 20 X 10 .. 11 2 

6 1,200 at r. stn. 


. 16 „ 8 .. 5 10 

First quality 

. 16 „ 10 .. 10 12 


Blue Bangor 

.. 20 „ 10 .. 11 5 

,, ,, . 

. 20 „ 12 .. 11 17 


First quality .... 

.. 20 „ 10 .. 11 




STONE.' £ 

Yellow Magnehian, In blocks .. per foot cube 

Red .Manstleld, ditto ,, 

^VlIitl^.Mall^lleld. ditto ., 

KtdCoraebill, ditto ,, 

Darlcy Dale, ditto „ 

Orcensbitl. ditto ,, 

Closeburn Ked Freestone, ditto ,, 

Ancaster, ditto . . .. „ 

Bclt Stone, delivered on rail 

at Seitun Slation ,, Oil 

Ditto, delivered at Nine Kims 

station ,1 1 7i 

Chilniark, ditto (in truok at 

Nine Elms) ,, 

Hard York, ditto „ 

Do. do. 6 in. sawn both sides, 

landings, random sizes per foot sup. 

Do. do. 3 in. .slab sawn two 

siden, random sizes per foot cube 

Batb Stone— DeliTered in rail- 
way trucks at Westboume 

Park, Paddington (G.W.R.), 

or South Laraheth lU.W.R.) ,, 

Delivered in railway trucks 

at Nine Elms (L. 4S.W.R.).. „ 

Delivered on road waggons 

at Nina Elms Depot m 

Portland Stone— Brown Whit- 
bed in random blocks of 20 ft. 

averaije, delivered in railway 

trucks at Westbourne Park 

(O.W.R.), South Lambeth 

(Q. W.R.I, or Nine Elms 

(L.&S.W.R.I „ 2 5J- 

Delivered on road waggons at 

Pimlico Wharf or Nine Elms 

Depot „ 2 61 

White Baaebed— 2d. per foot cube extra. 
* All F.O.R. Lgntfon, 



Plain red roofing tiles 42 

Hip and Valley tiles 5 

Brosaley tiles 52 

OrnanieiitHl tiles 55 

Hip and Valley tiles 5 

Ruabon red, brown, or brindled 

ditto (Edwards) 57 

Ornamental ditto 60 

Hip tiles 4 

Valley tiles 3 

Selected "Perfecla" roofing 

tiles: Plain tileiiiPeake's).. 46 per 1,000 

Ornamental ditto 48 6 „ 

Hip tiles 3 lOJper doz. 

Valley tiles 3 4^ „ 

"Rosemary " brand plain tiles . 48 per 1,000 

Ornamental tiles ....- 50 ,, 

Hip tiles 4 per doz. 

Valley tiles 3 8 „ 

StafTordsbire (Hanley) Reds or 

brindled tiles 42 6 per 1,000 

Hand-made sand-faced 45 ,i 

Hip tiles 5 6 per doz. 

Valley tiles 5 6 ,i 

" Hartshill " brand plain tiles, 

saod-laced « per 1,000 

Pressed 42 6 „ 

Ornamental ditto 47 6 „ 

Hip tiles 4 per dot. 

Valley tiles 3 6 ,, 


Rapeseed, English pale, per tun £28 15 
26 15 
39 10 
42 10 
42 10 

d. DiTrd.ak 

6 per 1,000 ry. Bn» 

6 per doz. „ 

6 per 1.000 „ 

6 per doz. (, 

b per 1,000 ,, 

per doz ,» 



Majolica or Soft Glazed Stretchers and Per 1,000 

Headers £23 17 6 

,, „ Quoins and Bullnose 28 17 6 

These prices are carriage paid in full truck loads 

to London Stations. 


s. d. 

Thames Sand 8 3 per yard, delivered. 

Ballast 8 3 „ „ 

FitSand 8 6 „ „ 


s. d. 8. d. Per ton. 

Best Portland Cement 45 to 48 delivered. 

Ground Blue Lias Lime 25 6 per ton, delivered. 

Exclusive of charge for sacks. 

s. d. s. d. Per yard. 

Grey Stone Lime 18 to 18 6 delivered, 

I Stourbridge Fireclay in sacks 30s. Od. per ton at rail- 
way station. 

Ditto, brown 
Cottonseed, refined.... 

Olive, Spanish 

Seal, pale 

Cocoanut, Cochin 

Ditto, Ceylon 

Ditto, Mauritius 

Palm, Lagos ,, 32 5 

Ditto, Nut Kernel „ 35 

Oleine „ 17 5 

Sperm 30 

Lubricating, U. 8 per gal. 7 

Petroleum, refined , 6J„ 

Tar, Stockholm perbairel 16 0,, 

Ditto, Archangel 19 6,, 

Linseed Oil per gal. 3 6,, — 

BalticOil , 3 9,, — 

Turpentine ,, 3 7,, — 

Putty (Genuine Linseed 

Oil) perewt. 10 6 ,, — 

Pure Linseed Oil 

"Stority " Brand 10 6 „ — 

to £29 

„ 27 

„ 30 

„ 40 

„ 21 

0„ 46 






,; 31 





English Sheet Glass 15 oz. 21 oz. 26 oz. 

Fourths 4d. .. 5d. .. 5*d. . 

Thirds 4id. .. 5Jd... 6M. . 

Fluted Sheet 6fd. .. 6;d. . . - 

Hartley's English Rolled i in. ^ in. 

Plate 4d. .. 45d. . 

Figured Rolled 


Rolled Sheet 

31 01. 
.. 7d. 
.. 8d. 

. Hi. 
. 6id. 

. 5Jd. 




4Jd. .. — 

?tippolyte 4;^d. .. — 


Owing to the fluctuations in the market it 
; impossible to give prices for Varnishes, etc. 


Mr. W. T. Hatch, engiiieer-in-chief to the 
Motropolitan Asylums- Board, has given notice 
of his intention to resign on September 30. 

Mr. S. Goodwin, M.Inst.C'.E.. county sur- 
veyor of Kerry, has suffered a gi^at bere-aT©- 
ment in the death m action, at the age of 
twenty-two. of his only son. who was a lieu- 
tenant in the Yorkshire and Lancashire Regi- 

XvG. 9. 1916. 




■We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions 
of our correspondents. AU communications should 
be drawn up as briefly as possible, as there are 
many cliiimants upon the space allotted to 

It is particularly requested that all drawings and 
all conimunicutiODs respecting illustrations or literary 
■matter, books for review, etc., should be addressed 
to the Editor of the BUILDING News, Effingbam 
House, 1, Arundel Street, Strand. W.C., and not to 
members of the staff by name. Delay is not infre- 
quently otherwise caused. All drawings and other 
comnninications are sent at contributors' risks, and 
the Editor will not undertake to pay for, or be liable 
lor, unsought contributions. 

Telephone: Gerrard 1291. 
Telegrams; " Timeserver, Estrand, London." 

Received.— T U.— F. A. X. and Co.— T. P. J.— 
E. P. A. and Co.— B. of S.— V. de T. A. Co.. 
Ltd.— R. A. M.— U. and B.— W. and S.— I. Co.. 
tUi.—'W. C. Co.. Ltd.— E. H. S. and Bro.— 

■V. A. I> — C. h. and Co., Ltd.— M'. G. and Co.— 
B. N. Co.. Ltd.— H.. Ltd.— K. I. C. an<l Co., Ltd. 

D.— Yes 

l\. J. H.— Please send. 

■\V.\OES.— Yes. See our note on p. 22, July 5. 

P. F.— The duty of all archite<;ts and buildt^rs just 
now is to deal with good firms who are keeping 
their existence known in the usual way. ami 
you will find them in our pages. We have no 
time to .>pare to inquire for you and others. 

The Only W, ay. —Reader?., and they are not a few, 
who complain ot being unable to obtain chance 
copies of this journal at newsagents' and book- 
stalls .ire assured it is no fault of ours. Month 
i)y month the price of paper is still rising, and 
the diffif'ilty of obtaining it is iin?reasing. Under 
the.-ie drcumstances it is impossible for us to 
supply t.,he trade with overplus copies, or for 
them t-o >tock them, only to have them left on 
their hainl> as returns. 'Hie only way to secure delivery, tlierefore, is for readers to suh- 
scribii 4lir*-ct to the office, or to place a regular 
order with their newsagent or bookstall. To 
readers who are distant from such, or whose 
newsagents or book.selIers then fail to supply, 
we will send the paper while the war lasts, post 
"free, direct from tlie office, for 4d. per copy. 
'Or 4h. 4d. per quarter, prepaid. 

> ^mm^^- 



Headquart«'r3. Chester House. Eccleston Pla<>e. 



■quart-ers will he clo>ed during August except on 
Tuesday evening>. 'The range will be open on Thurs- 
day evenmgs only. On the.^e evtmings the Sergeant- 
"Major will take charge and be responsible for the 
maint-enanoe of order and discipline. Recruilis are 
■urged to take advantage of this arrangement for 
drill and shooting. 

INSTRUCTION CLASSES.— Instruction classes at 
Regency Street will be held as usual for Platoons 
Nos. 9 and 10. 

CAMP.— The Camp at Otford will be available 
tintil August 31. Members wishing to attend should 
enter their names at Headquarters on the sheet pro- 
vided for the purpose. The cost will be about Ss. 
per day. Members should provide themselves with 
two blankets, knife, fork, spoon, plate, mug, and a 
spare pair of bootvs. 

ENTPuENCHIXG.— As many members .as possible 
should endeavour to attend the Sunday Entrenching 
Parades in order that the work to be done may be 
completed as expeditiously as possible. Parade in 
uniform, as usual, at Victoria Station (S.E. and C. 
Rly.). Booking Office. 8.45 a.m. Members are re- 
minded that this work is of national importance, and 
therefore all who are able to put in iSaturdays or 
occasional weekdays are urged to do so. They are 
reminded that they can obtain railway vouchers 
"irom the booking clerk by showing their cap badges. 
By order, 


July 21. I9I6. 


Thp followino; nionilirrs of the London Archi- 
toctural Association liave recently been re- 
turned as woundod : — Lieut. L. T. Wise, 
Hampshiro Regiment: Lieut. J. G. N. Clift, 
Royal Engineers; Second Lieut. L. H. Glen- 
oroes. Ree:iment ; and Sapper P. T. 
Wilsdorl. Royal En<<inoors. 

The Arclidpar-oii of Totne.s has dedioated in 
St. Luke's Cliurch. Torquay, a memorial of 
Prebendary W. S. Boyle, who was vicar of the 
parish for thirty years. The menioria!. whirh 
is 7 ft. in heiE2;ht. rei>resents Christ as *' the 
shepherd arKl bishop of our souls," and has 
been execuk'd in Venetian gold and ic. 
within a frame of alal)aster with canopy. 

Lieutenant Arnold Waterlow Sewill, \Ve*t 
Yorks Regiment, who was killed in action on 
July 24, wa^ the older twin son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry Sewill. The Old Rosery, Earls woo :J 
-Common, RetlhlU. He was twenty-seven years 
of age, and was educated at Tonbrid^ge School. 
When the war broke out he was about 1>o go in 
for ftiifl final examination at the Institute of 



Mr, Tliomuis Farrow at the ;inriual 
gi'iieral iiieoting of Farrow's Bank, Limited, 
lu'ld at Antlerton's Hotel, Fleet Street, and in 
moving that the Report of the Directors and 
the dul.v audited Statement of Accounts be 
adoptet', stated that the net profit, irichidiii!< 
the balance of £10,312 Is. 7d from last account, 
was £43,926 19s. Id. The Directore had added 
£10,000 to the Reserve Fund, paid an interim 
diviilend for the half-year ended 31st Decem- 
ber, 1915. amounting to £10,774 'Ss. 2d., and 
reconinionded the payment of a dividend for 
the year at the rate of 6 per cent, per unniim, 
less income-tax, which would absorb the sum 
of £10,780 Ife. lOd. The sum of £12,161 
19s. Id., being -undivided profit, had been 
carried forward to the next finiancial year. 

The growth ot Current Account and Deposit 
business alrne since the date of the Bank's in- 
corporation under the Joint Stock Companies' 
Act was shown by the following table: — 


Current Accounts, 

£ e. d. 

87.625 13 2 . 
114,393 7 

.- 203,973 16 

, 262,356 13 
, 293,181 4 

. 397,940 13 

433,052 9 

, 559,393 3 

Deposit Accounts. 

£ s. d. 

78,679 4 6 

10 170,008 3 7 

9 350.465 15 6 

438.940 14 6 

1 494.031 8 8 

3 ... 6.43,075 17 10 

. - 833.804 17 6 

11 1.016.220 12 1 

3 1,108.922 14 2 

The Bank's Commercial, Stocks and Shares, 
Investment, and Foreign Departments had 
lTrgel,y contributed to tht profits e,arned durin.g 
the year. 

The Women's Department of the Bank at 
143, Knightsbridge, S.W., managed by Women 
for Women, 'had made great headway, and 
was held in highest esteem by all classes of 

The recently published Official Return <if 
Metropolitan and Provincial Joint Slock Blanks 
having a capital of £1,000.000 and upwards, 
giving the proportion of capital and reserve to 
liabilities, showed that Farrow's Bank, Ltd., 
again occupied the first place 

The progress made in Scotland, Ireland, and 
Wales had heen most gratifyng, and was 
largely due to the co-operation of the able and 
distinguished members of the local Advisory 
Boards and to the fact that the Bank was the 
only institution which was represented by its 
Branches throughout the United Kingdom. 

The increase in Deposits (the -whole of whictli 
were subject to agreed terms of notice) was 
very .gratifying, particularly so far as the lac>t 
two War years wore concerned. 

C'ustomers had subscribed most liberally to 
Government Loans and Exchequer Bonds. In 
this connection Mr. Farrow stated that the 
Bank'e Branch Managers had been invited to 
join the various Committees of the 
War [Savings Association, and were in that and 
other directions giving valuable support to 
schemes for the encouragement of Thrift. 

The Bank's Staff had been severely depleted 
by the War, and sudi financial arrangements 
had been made regarding them and their 
dependents as had won the warm approval of 
the War Oflicc. Some of these officials had 
laid down their Lives im the service of their 
country, w.hile others, whether of commissioned 
or private rank, had achieved military recogni- 
tion and distinction. This depletion of the 
Staff had entailed heavy additional work upon 
those who had continued in office, and tn 
them the best thanks of the Shareholders were 
due. Many women clerks had been engaged, 
rind it was due to them to s.ay that they tiad 
discharged their duh'cs in a most exemplary 

Mr. Farrow made brief reference to the 
liublication during the year of two books 
written by himself and his colleague, Mr. W. 

Walter Crotch, "' How to Win the War" and 
" The Coming Trade War." The foi-m<>r 
advocated the National Thrift Cami)ai,gn now 
in oi)eration throughout the country, while the 
latter showed the niecessity for a National 
Trade programme which would enable Brit.iin 
to hold her own in the world's markets. 

Referring to the Bank's monthly official 
"Gazette," which was sent to every i*are- 
■holder and customer of the Bank, Mr. Farrow 
exiireesed his satisfaction that regular con- 
tribut,oi>s were members of both Houses of Par- 
liament and leading financial and commercial 
experts. That particular journal (which was in 
its twelfth year of publication) had proved of 
immense value to the institution iteelf, had 
broug'ht about a spirit of camaraderie among 
shareholders and cutomers alike, and had in- 
deed welded into one common fellowshijt a 
body of men ami women known as " Farro- 

Reference was also made by Mr. Farrow to 
the Farrow's Bank Cot Which had for many 
years past been maintained by the Bank's 
Customers at Sir William Treloar's Home for 
t'ripiiled Children at Alton, Hants, and to the 
Belgian Refugees' Cot which was maintained 
by the Customers of the Women's Branch at 
Great Ormond Street Hospital. 

Finally, Mr. Farrow expressed his apprecia- 
tion of the loyal and sustained support given 
to him and his colleagues by the 4.000 share- 
holders of the Bank, who would undoubtedly 
receive their due financial reward at the ter- 
mination of the War, which, he predicted, 
would come about .at an early date. 

Mr. W. Walter Crotch seconded the resolu- 
tion, whidh was carried unanimously, and the 
payment of a dividend at the rate of 6 per cent, 
per annum was then approved on the motion < . 
the Chairman, seconded by Mr. Edward 

The retiring Directors and Auditors were re- 
elected, and the meeting terminated with the 
customary vote of thanks 




Aug. 1 0.— .^Iterations to Old Corn Mill, Keighley.— 
The Borough Engineer. Town Hall, Keighley. 

Aug. 10 — ^Pulling Down Old Cottages and Erecting 
New Buildings, St. Thomas's Street and Badger 
Lane, Sheffield.— For the Department for Glass. 
University ot Sheffield.— Gibbs, Flockton and 
Teather, Architects, 15, St. James's Row, Shef- 

Aug. 10 Wall at Winterburii Bridge, Chetton,.— 

For the Bridgnorth Rural District Council.— F. 
Richards, Surveyor, Oldbury, Bridgnorth. 

Aug. 12.— New Root to House and Repairs to Im- 
plement Shed, Grafgwen Farm, Penyrticol.— For 
the Glamorgan County Council. — The Clerk. Gla- 
niorgiin County Hall, Carditt. 

No date. — Chemical Works, Crook, Co. Durham.— 
Lunn aind Kaye, Engineers, Milnsbridge, Hud- 


Aug. 10.— Electrically-driven Circular Water 
Booster Pump, Manchester. — For the Electricity 
Committee.— F. E. Hughes, Secretary, Eectricity 
Department. Town Hall, Manchester. 

Aug. 14.^Steel Bridge over the Muda River, 
Wellesley Province, Singapore.— For the Public 
Works Department.— The Colonial Engineer, 
Public Works Department, Singapore. 

Aug. 14.— Pumping Machinery (or GItn Innes 
Water Supply, Sydney, N.S.W.— For the Public 
Works Department. — The Commercial Intelligence 
Branch, 73, Basinghall Street, E.C. 

Aug. IS Plant, Electricity Works, East Street, 

Barking.— For tlie Urban District Council.- 
W. E. Kidner, A.M.I.E.E.., Acting Engineer, East 
Street,, Barking. 

Aug. 16.— Iloi.'it Gear. Motor, Cage and Well. Man- 
chester.— For the Electricity Committee.— F. E. 
HuKhcs, Secretary, Electricity Department, Town 
Hall. Manihi-.ter. 

Aug. 16.— Distilling Apparatus and Telegraph and 
Measuring Instruments, Western Australia. — For 
tlia Poatmaater-General's Department.— The 
Common.wcalbh Offices, 72, Victoria Street, Lon- 
don, S.W. 

Aug. 16. — Renewal of Accumulators at Workhouse. 
St. .-Vsaph.- For tlie Guardians.- E. H. Wriglit, 
Engineer. Electricity Works, Rhyl. 

Aug. 16.— Cornish Boiler at Workhouse. Minster- 
in-Sheppey. — For the Guardians. — J. Hill, 
.\.M.I.Mech.E.. in, St. George's .\venue, Sheer- 

(Continued on next page.) 


Till-: nil 1.1)1 Mi .\K\VS: No. 3214. 

Aug. 9, 1916. 


Auk* 19.- <'iil\i Tt. i/iircii Stri'ft. SiMMiiiyiiHKir.— 
For lh<' lrh;ui l)i>trit-t Coiitu-il.— C. R, 'SpfliciT, 
Surv«->->r. Town tlall, Siifiin>in*M>r. 

Sapt. 4. — Urixltiii); in Itivir lulun and off tlic 
Tiiwn Quay, .Southiinipton.— For tin- llurlmiir 
lloiinl. — I. K. ruHlliorp.-. I'lirK, Hixriioiir lilUcis, 
Tovui Qiiiiv, s<intlitiinpt<in. 

S«pt. 6. Oil Filtering riant, Diin.illn. N.Z— For 
the Oty Council.— 'I'lie Conwncrcml Intelligrnoe 
l!r:iuoli, Board o( Trade, TS, Uasinghall Street. 

Sept. 6.— Twelve Tlireephase Crane Motors an.l 
Controllers. lileven One-phase Workshop Motors 
and Starters, and Various Maehines for Railway 
Worksliops. Melbourne, — For the Victorian 
liovernnient Railways. — The Commercial In- 
tclligencoMlranch, Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall 
Street. E.C. 

Sept. 20.— Twelve Weighbridges (SOton), for 
.1 ft. 3 ins. gauge Railway. Adelaide.— For the 
Supply and Tender Hoard. The .\gent-Oeneral 
for South Australia, 85. Oracechurch Street, E.C. 

Sept. 20.— Electric Overhead Travelling CriUH'. 
Z.^irr.i Strtx^. Power House. Xeweat-tle. K.S.W.— 
For the New South Wales Government Railways 
•nnd Tramways.— The Engineer. Government 
Railwav.s and Tramwavs. 61, Hunter Street. 
Sydney. X.S.W. 

Oct. 4.— Telegraph .iml Telephone Measuring In- 
strument-i. Perth. W.A. — For the Deputy Poat- 
ina.«ter-General. — 'Hie Commercial IntelligeiK'e 
Branch, Board of Trade, 73. Basinghall Street. 

Oct. 11.— ilotordriven .4ir Compressor. Zarra 
Street Power House. TCewca^^le. N.S.W. — For 
tile New South Wales Government Railways and 
Tramways.— The Engineer. Government Riiil- 
wavs and Tramwavs, 61, Hunter Street, Sydney. 


No date. — Drivintr a Hard Heading from 5 ft. to 
6 ft. S<ani at Mount.ain CoUiery. Gorseinon.— The 
Secretary, Mountain Colliery, Gorseinon, Wales. 


Aug:. 9.— Furnishings and Additions to .Administra- 
tive W.x-k Buildings. Fever Hospit;d, Kirkcaldy 
— W. L. Town Clerk. Kirkcaldy. 

No date.— Furniture at Hospital, Stockport.— For 
the Guardians. — P. F. Johnson. Clerk, Vninn 
Offices, Shaw Heath, Stockport. 

Aug. 10.— George Heriot School Hall and Art 
Classroms. Edinburgh.— For tlie George Heriot 
Tnist.— .1. Anderson, F.S.I., Superintendent ot 
Works, 20, York Place, Edinburgh. 

Auk. 10.— Central Premises, stand Lam-, Radelilte. 
—For the Kadclilfe an^l Pilkiiigt'^n C<Mipt-rattve 

I S.K'iety, Ltd.— Tlie Sveretary, Sion Street, Itad- 

' AuBT. 16.— Vnion Offices, Sea»lde Lane, Easdnglon 
XillaRe.- For the (innrdiaiis,- W, O, W, JJoble, 
Acting Clerk, Union Offices, Eatinfrton, Co. Dur- 
No date Eight houses, Roundhay Road, Brid- 
lington —A. E. H.inson, Estate -Agent, S<), Quay 
Road, Bridlington. 


Auk. 10 — Catch Pit at Sewage Works. Gatley.- 
For the Chciullo ami Gatley Urban District 
Council.— F. R. Gibbins, A.M.I.C.E., Council 
Offices. Cheadle. 

Aug:. 11.— Stoneware Pipe S»>weTs (730 yards of 
ii-in. and C-in.). l>onistlioTj>e.— For the Ashby- 
de-la-Zouch Rural District Council.— G. Farmer. 
Clerk. Council tlffices. Ashby-<le-la-Zouch. 

Aug. IB.— PiiHS jind Castings for Main Drainage 
Work. Cape Town.— For the Corporation.- 
Davis and Soper. Ltd., 54, St. Mary Axe, E.C. 

Aug. 21. — Surface-water Drainage W'wks at Ceme- 
t<-ry, .Magdalen Road, WandsHorth, S.W.— For 
the Borough Council.— P. Dodd. .M.I.C.E.. 
Borough Engineer. 215 Balham High Road. S.W. 

Aug. 2 5. — Street Drainage an<l Sewerage Works. 
Barcelona. — For the Municipality.— The Casa 
Consisterial. Barcelona. 


Aug. 14. — Wa;jon Wheels and Axles (l.iO pairs). 
Dublin,— For the Great Northern (Ireland! Rail- 
way Co. — T. Morrison, Secretary, .\miens Street 
Terminus, Dublin. 

Aug. IS.— Cast-iron Pipes and Castings. Cape Town. 
— For the Corporation. — Davis and Soper, Ltd.. 
54, St. Mary Axe, E.C. 

Aug. 2 2.— Forged Steel Driving Wheel Tires 
(1.000) and Forged Steel Trailing Wheel Tires 
<500) for Electric Tramcars, London. S.W. — For 
the London County Council.— The Chief Officer, 
L.C.C. Tramways. 02. Finsbury Pavement. E.C. 

Sept. 25.— Cast-iron H.Mdrant Bo.\es 1100) and 
.Malleable Iron Meter Boxes (100). Johannesburg. 
— For the Municipal Coimcil. — The Town Clerk. 
Municipal Offices. Johannesburg. 

Aug. 10 — Road and Other Materials. Gosport. 

For the Gosport and Alverstoke Urban Dist.riet 

Council.— The Surveyor. Town Hall. Gosport. 
Aug. 14 — Granite (920 tons). Romford.— For the 

Rural District Council.— T. W. .\. Greenha'gh. 

Clerk, 16a. South Street, Romford. 

Aug. 14.— Wagon Wheels and Axles (160 g>alrM 
Dublin.- For the Great Northern (Ireland) Ran 
way Co.— T. Morrison, Secretary, Amiens Strert 
Terminus, Dublin. 
Aug. 14. -Cement lOuO metric ton.s). Santa Mari.i 
de Belsue lirainage Works. Hue-sca.— Junta •!'• 
Ohras del Pantajio de Santa Maria de Belsut- 
Callv del C<«-. Alto 24-26. Ilue.^a. 
Aug. IB.— Stamped i>teel Sanitary Pails and Lid» 
(5.000 and 3,(i(K)). Johannesburg.- For the .MunW 
cipal Council.— The Commercial IntelligeiKe 
Branch, Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street 
Aug. IB.— Tar or Tar Substitute (1.600 tonai. 
Johanne.sliurg.— For the Municipal Council. — The 
CommerciiU iQtelligence Branch, Board of Trade. 
73, BasjnghaU Stjcyjt. E.C. 
Aug. 16.-Cr.'<^.sotid IH-al Paving Blocks (370.000> 
for Tramway Tracks, London, S.W. -For tile 
Lomion County Council. — The Cliief Officer.. 
L.C.C. Tramways, 62, Fin.sbury Pavement, E.C. 
i Aug. 30.— Broken Granite (4(10 tons). Scuntli<iri«. 
j — For the Urban District Council.- H. Heap, 
A..M.LC,E.. 110. High Street. Scuntliorpe. 

i Sept. 6 Road .Metal and Stores (One Year). 

I Ho<-he8ter. — For the Corporation. — Williani 
Banks. A M.I.C.E., City Surveyor, GuildJiall. 
Sept. 6.— Stores (One Y'ear). Abei>daTe.— For the 
Powell Duflyn St«am Coal Co.. Ltd.— The Sto«e 
Manager. Aberaman Offices, near Aberdare. 
Sept. 11.— Inverted Incandescent Gas Lamps and 
Burners. Calcutta.— For the Corporation.— C. C. 
Cliatterjee, Secretary, Municipal Offices, Cal- 
Sept. 11.— Lamps and Burners. Calcutta.— For 
the Corporation.— C. C. Chatterjee, Secretary, 
Municipal Offices. Calcutta. 
Sept. 2 7.— Locomotive, Tender, Carriage and 
Wagon Tires (One, Two. or Three Years), Mel- 
bourne. — For the Victorian Government. — J. 
Coates and Co., Ltd., Consulting Engineers, 115, 
Victoria Street, Westminster, S.W. 


Mr. Grinham has resiertied his p,>.ition as sur- 
veyor to the Alrosford Rural District Council. 

A iive-light v\ind<v\v in Eppletou C-hurch, 
Coiinty Durham, has been filled with 
stained glass as a war memorial. The artist 
was Mr. V\". H. Bartlett. 

The foundation-stone has been laid at Walsall 
in connection with the rebuilding of the Wed- 
nesbury Road Congregational Church and 
schools. The estimated cost is £5,300. 




Can be quickly laid by our own skilled workmen and is guaranteed permanently watertight. 

Samples and Prices from — X^ • IVIC^i^ W^jM I .i I .< CC V>tV^«) J-ilO* {Government Contractors), 

Spencer House, 4, South Place, London, E.C. 


Flushing Tanks 


Frcdk. BRABY & CO., Ltd 

352 to 364, EUSTON ROAD, LONDON, N.W. 

August 16, 1916. 

1 •■ 
Volume CXI.-No. 3215. 



Sffingham House, 

riirrcilte C';iIamo 1-1^ 

Architectural Building Construction 1-14 

i^ccurit.v of Tenure for Surveyors 145 

frepariition of Bills of -Quantities .... ..146 

Buiidin: Intelliacnue 147 

Legal Intelligence li~ 

Japanese Bricks .. .. 162 

Trade Notes 102 

Our illustrations 162 

Obituary 163 

IjCorrespondence . . 163 

, Our Offlee Table 164 

I'arliaitientary Notes 164 

Chips 165 


To Correspondents TOG 

Latest Prices i^- 

To Arms! x- 

Tenders .. .. " x- 

List of Temlers Open x. 


WooUey Ha.ll, JVlaideiiilieaci. Tea house at end of 
Cloister, view at end of Pergola in Gardens. En- 
trance Arcade to Cloisrt^^^r Gardens, and general 
p'lan of Gardens. Alessrs. T. H. Mawson, Hon. 
"AjR.I.B.A., and E. Prentice Mawson, Architects. 

First-prize Design for War Monument in commemora- 
tion of those of the London County Council 

€nxxtntt Calamo. 

We doubt wliether tlie draft form of the 
new building contract whicli the 
Federation of Building Trades Employers, 
at the instance of one of its most influen- 
tial associations, is now submitting to the 
rest of its affiliated bodies, is likely in its 
present shape to command the adhesion 
of the R.I.B.A. or any other professional 
society ; and, therefore, anything like de- 
tailed criticism would be premature. 
With some of the changes proposed we are 
more or less in sympathy. The altera- 
tions cover a wide field, embracing the 
insertion of a war clause, and dealing 
with alterations in wages, the custody of 
priced bills of quantities, the setting out 
of work, clerks of works and their qualifi- 
cations, day-work charges, the limitation 
of the architect's power to order removal 
of improper work, the limitation of 
the liability for defects to three months 
only after completion, the position of the 
contractor in relation to the sub-contrac- 
tor, the definition of '" prime cost," and 
payments and certificates. The arbitra- 
tion clause seeks to induce the Presidents 
of the R.I.B.A. and the N.F.B.T.E.A., in 
the case of refusal or neglect of the arbi- 
trator to act, to nominate one. As soon 
as the draft is finally settled it might with 
advantage lie published in the professional 
and trade journals and discussion invit<?d 
generally from all sides, and from out- 
siders as well as those who are members of 
the architectural and engineering societies 
of the trade associations. Nothing helps 
a good settlement, and adhesion thereto 
afterwards, like free debate. 

It is stated that the Royal Academy 
intend to hold a black-and-whiU^ exhibi- 
tion at Burlington House for two months 
from .lanuary 1, 1917. At the same time 
it is intended to have an ttxhibition of 
war memorial sculpture in certain of the 
galleries. The arrangements will be .car- 
ried out by a joint committee of the 
Academy and members of societies in- 
terested. Drawings, etchings, mezzotints, 
and engravings will be included, works 
Vieiiig sent by invitation. The committee 
have in view the encouragement of the 
graphic arts and assistance to the Red 
t'ross Fund, and it is hoped a portion of 

the proceeds of sales may be given to the 
Fund. If properly organised, this joint 
exhibition should prove one of the 
most interesting ever held there. The 
black-and-white exhibition excites most 
curiosity, because it has been the sec- 
tion of the Academy in which every- 
thing was hung together, etchings, draw- 
ings, mezzotints, engravings, on the old 
system of getting in as many works as the 
walls would hold. The Academy will do 
a wise thing in allowing its galleries to 
be used for a real representative exhibi- 
tion of black-and-white art. The memorial 
exhibition should give an opportunity 
which was denied by the small space for 
the not very successful War Memorials 
Exhibition at the Royal Institute of 
British Architects' Gallery. 

The municipal fathers of Newcastle-on- 
Tyne have some extraordinary ideas in 
regard to the treatment of architects. 
The Housing Committee of the City 
Council, in cliarge of the Walker housing 
scheme, which has been in abeyance in 
consequence of the war, and of which Mr. 
Edward Cratney, F. R.I.B.A., M.S.A., is 
the architect, presented their report to the 
City Council on July 28. Three schemes 
of development have been submitted to the 
council, based upon plans submitted by 
Mr. Cratney, and in each instance the 
cost of the erection of the buildings was 
in accordance with the builder's tenders. 
The commission proposed to be paid to the 
architect in a re2>ort presented on March 
3, 1915, amounted to £2,689, but, as a 
result of arrangements since considered, a 
saving of £884 was now proposed. In the 
event of Mr. Cratney's plans being carried 
out, he was to be tlie architect for the 
scheme. There is no obligation upon the 
corporation to proceed with the work, and, 
with the exception of payments amounting 
to £750, the monetary liability of the cor- 
poration ceases if Mr. Cratney's plans 
are not carried out. By the agreement 
arrived at, Mr. Cratney was forthwith to 
be paid a sum of £500, making, together 
with £250 previously paid, a total of 
£750. Of this amount, £685 was to rank 
as, and be deducted from, the first pay- 
ment for commission if and when the 
plans were proceeded with, the balance of 
£65 being an acknowledgment in respect 
of extra services rendered. Considering 

Strand, W-C. 

Stall' w<lio sacrificed their lives in the war. Pro- 
posed to be erected in the Members' Courtyard, 
New County Hall. Mr. E. A. Rickards, 
F.E.I.B..\., Architect, and Mr. Henry Poole, 
iR.B.A., Sculptor. 

First-prize Design for War Memorial Fountain for 
lan open site in a country town or village, by 
Capt. Cyril A. Parey. 

Titlarli's Hill, Sunningdale. Garden front. Messrs. 
Tubbs, Messer, and Poulter, .Architects. 

Picture Theatre, Duncairn Gardens, Belfast, Mr. 
F. T. Waddington, Licentiate R.I.B.A., Architect. 

Church of the Blessed Sacrament, Copenhagen Street, 
West Islington. Mr. Robert L. Curtis. Architect. 

the amount of work done by Mr. Cratney, 
this arrangement was certainly not an 
extravagant one. 

However, when the recommendation 
came before the City Council on July 28, 
although, as the councillor who moved its 
adoption 'Stated, Mr. Cratney had pre- 
pared no fewer than 142 plans, the ar- 
rangement arrived at was not confirmed. 
Mr. Stephen Easten protested that " to 
pay £750 for the plans of a few small 
cottages was one of the worst proposals 
ever made in the council. There was no 
builder but would have got it all done for 
£150." Mr. Telford and Alderman H. 
Morton objected to an agreement binding 
the council te this architect for the future 
in the event of the scheme being carried 
out. Finally, an amendment moved by 
Mr. Telford and seconded by Mr. Vincent 
was put, suggesting a payment to the 
architect determining all liability, and 
was carried by 21 votes against 18. A 
more unbusiness-like and unfair deci- 
sion one can hardly imagine. It was 
only carried by a small majority, and we 
hope someone will move its reversal ; un- 
less, indeed, when the scheme is i-evived, 
as we trust it will be with many others 
after the war is over, it is intended to 
sliunt Mr. Cratney in favour of someone- 
who has friends at court. In that case we 
hope Mr. Cratney will seek his remedy 
and will be supported by the R.I.B.A- 
and all who value fair play. 

In our days of prosperous peace 
Germans were very active in working their 
way into building and the building trades. 
They found it was all very good business, 
and they ma^de much money. To carry 
on they took up numerous leases, often for 
long terms, with the usual covenant as to 
payment of ground rent. Those leases, 
dated before the war, remain still valid, 
and will do so for many years, with the 
result that the liability for rent also con- 
tinues binding and enforceable. But as. 
such lessees have, by reason of the war, 
since and now, become and are alien 
enemies they cannot recover this rent from 
third parties who would have been liable to- 
indemnifying them before the war began. 
This, shortly, is the effect of the decision 
of three judges of the Court of Appeal in 
considered judgments, confirming the view 



Aug. Ki, 191G. 

of Mr. Juslioo J{i(lley iii tlie impi.ilniit 
leaJiiig case of "' Hulsoy v. Luvveiifolil." 
The aolioii wiis brougl\t mr three iiii>iiths' 
rent of a theatre uiuier a lease in wliicli 
the (lefeuilaiit was the original lessee, 
dated 1896. The facts need not be gone 
into further, for tlie points of principle 
decided apply equally to every lease 
e.xwuted before the war in which the 
original lessee has, by reason of the war, 
become an enemy. The real defence was 
that on the outbreali of war the lease 
became void, and so did the defendant's 
covenant to pay rent. But the Court of 
Apjieal held, emphitically, that the lease 
was still valid and was binding. Tliey 
entirely refused to take the defendant's 
view that because he was now ait alien 
enemy he was released from the rent. 
They said tliat the Crown could confiscate 
tlie lease, but as long as they did not do 
this the defendant held it, with all its 
legal obligations. Tliere could now be no 
claim by him over against a third party, 
because this was the same thing as if he 
brought an action, which he could not do 
during the war. So an alien enemy lessee 
must go on paying rent, and .cannot get 
any indemnity from third parties con- 

" Drawing " gives a hitherto unpub- 
lished letter of the late Prof. Herkomer in 
its August issue, written from Berlin in 
March, 1900, where and when he says 
his exhibition was a great success, and to 
the Germans " of great importance as they 
are going through a strange stage of 
transition from sobriety to extravagance." 
Perceiving that, it is curious Herkomer 
should have wasted so much butter on the 
Kaiser ! 

" My enamel portrait of the Emperor will 
be gorgeous. He was kindness and amiability 
itself. You see, my dear students, there is one 
of the 'sweets' of having made a name, that 
I could ask the greatest in the land to sit to 
me, and that he at once acquiesced. And I 
can tell you it was a business, because I 
wanted him on his throne, in full regalia; 
well, several important officials had to come 
with the entire insignia — crown, sceptre, etc., 
which were placed around him. He is ap- 
parelled in the most gorgeous red robe over 
his military dress, with his orders across his 
chest. He stands so imposingly, too — goes 
thoroughly into the matter." 

Perhaps if Herkomer had foreseen that 
the " gorgeous " one would qualify ere 
many years passed for precedence of most 
of the murderers in the Newgate Calen- 
dar, he would not have been as certain 
as some of the rest of the blind bats here 
at home that " all this feeling between 
Germany and England is mere newspaper 
mischief," or that " for the good of the 
world two countries must be great — Ger- 
many and England, and all is working 
towards that." 

Mr. Barr Eerree, of 249, West 13th 
Street, New York, has republished liis 
paper read some time since before the 
R.I.B.A. on a " Chronological Catalogue 
of Buildings and Associated Arts," the 
purpose of which was to advocate a plan 
for the preparation and completion of a 
complete catalogue down to a.d. 1800 of 
buildings in all countries of architectural 
merit. Some encouraging comments are 
added. The advantages that would accrue 

h) every student of ardiitecture from the 
publication of sudi a catah)gue are so 
nlivious that it is needless to iecit.> tluiii. 
Tlie labour involved in its iireparatiim 
would, of course, be enorm(ms, and the 
cost considerable. But our brethren the 
astrimomers have done bigger things than 
this by co-operation ; and when we are once 
again able to turn to the obligations of 
peace we sincerely trust Mr. Ferree may 
succeed in eliciting the support he asks 
for. If the organisations and institutions 
of the civilised world would respond in 
adequate numbers by relatively modest 
subscriptions, the total would easily cover 
the cost of publication. It is not too early 
to begin to organise the work of prepara- 
tion ; Mr. Ferree's plan is simple and well 
conceived, and we should be glad to learn 
that his appeal has met with responses 
from our own readers. Any needing to 
refresh their memories with regard to the 
details of his scheme will find it in the 
Journal of the R.I.B.A. of May 22, 1915. 

The daily dirt-bath of London is truly 
an appalling total ' The City of London 
medical officer of health in his annual 
report for 1915 records the result of the 
submission to the public analyst of rain- 
water collected daily in the large rain 
gauge on the roof of the shelter in Golden 
Lane, from which soot, grit, and dust was 
collected. During the month of November 
last alone 55 tons avoirdupois fell on an 
area of one square mile. Of this mass of 
dirt nearly 35 tons consisted of soluble 
matter, including various chemicals, and 
20 tons insoluble, being composed of tar, 
carbon, and grit. How much more each 
daily defiled citizen carried away with 
him on his clothes and person no one as 
yet seems inclined to discover and record. 
No wonder, with this grim and grimy at- 
mosphere, which does duty in London for 
■■ fresh air," that the skies frown so 
darkly at London's sin against health ; 
and the sun fails to pierce the clouds of 
witness to the culpable indifierence i>f 
Londoners to the domination of the real 
powers of darkness ! 

The first of three articles which Mr 
Ernest J. Benn is contributing to the 
"Tiines Trade Supplement" dealing with 
■' To-day's Production Problem " appears 
in the August issue. It is entitled 
■■ Cleaning the Slate," and deals tren- 
chantly but logically and lucidly with the 
muddle and confusion of the past, which 
with true British Victorian stupidity the 
Government is still encouraging with its 
Committees comijosed of the same dear old 
figure-heads, invested with no real powers, 
having no practical experience, and lack- 
ing judicial capacity. We want some- 
thing different from all this. We need to 
learn to think Imperially in business 
matters. We have to get rid of purpose- 
less and ruinous competition, and to 
change our whole national industry from 
a private cut-throat conspiracy into a 
national organisation equipped both for 
the defence of home markets and the in- 
vasion of foreign territory. This national 
organisation Mr. Benn will outline in his 
second article, with a Minister of Com- 

merce at its head and each trade, i-epre- 
seiited by its association, undertaking, up- 
holding, and nurturing British interests. 
He will then describe the working of the 
scheme in one or two of its more important 

The useful and well-produced booklet 
just issued on " Waterproofing," by ; 
Messrs. Engert and Rolfe, Limited, of 
Poplar, E., is well worth perusal by all 
interested in the products for which this 
long-established firm has deservedly gained 
a unique reputation. Its speciality, 
■" Waterp," is well appreciated by all who 
have used it, and any who have not, 
especially in these days of dear roofing* 
material, will find it in many respects an 
ideal covering. " Waterp " roofing, is a 
smooth-faced, flexible, self-finished roof- 
ing of the type known as " rubber " roof- 
ing, which has a pleasant grey colour, 
giving an attractive apjiearance to a roof. 
It is manufactured from a special felt 
fibre, in the composition of which only tlie 
highest grade of wool rags enters ; this 
fibre foundation is saturated with a speci- 
ally prepared waterproof bitumen com- 
pound under great pressure, to ensure even 
and complete permeation, after which an 
outer or wearing coat of natural bitumen 
is applied to both sides, the saturation 
and coating being so graded that the rcnif 
is capable of withstanding the severest 
conditions experienced in any position oi 
climate. It contains no tar, pitch, or 
other constituent liable to deterioration. 
Its low cost and capacity of easy applica- 
tion to hospitals, factories, pavilions, 
sheds, etc., and the facility with which it 
can be repaired, all combine to render its 
use at once an economy and a pleasure 
under every condition. 

> ^m^ < 


The first voltime of a well-conceived and 
practically carried out book on building 
construction, with the above title, by 
Walter R. Jaggard, F.R.I.B.A., and 
Francis E. Drury, F.I.S.E., and pub- 
lished by the Cambridge L'niversity 
Press at 6s. 6d., is among the very best 
we have seen. There are plenty of similar 
books, but none of them sufficiently 
enforce the maxim that building construc- 
tion must not be divorced from the prin- 
ciples oi architectural design. We must 
admit that the blame for ignoring this is 
not wholly shared by the builder and the 
craftsmaii. There are architects who are 
content to design pleasing structures, 
whose knowledge of building construction 
must have been of the smallest. There 
are others who, with the present-day use 
of steel and reinforced concrete, with 
other modern materials, have produced 
some fearful and wonderful works ; but it 
is still a fact that the great majority of 
our buildings are still, and still likely to 
be, constructed of staple materials, such 
as brick, stone, and concrete. It is also 
tv\ie that to work successfully with such, 
not merely must the works of the past be 
studied intelligently, but those of our own 
time as well. Blind copyism of old work, 
or slavish imitation of new, is fatal to 
good design, and, not seldom, to good 
construction as well. The student who 
hopes to be able, either as architect, 
builder, or craftsman, to work to real ad- 
vantage in his pursuit of the greatest of 
the arts, must learn to know why what 

Aug. 16, 1916. 



has been best done in the past was well 
(June, and huw mistakes — which the ig- 
norant will repeat, and probably exag- 
gerate, were made. We are glad to notice 
that the authors of the book before us 
recognise this, and advise as an interlude 
study between their own coming second 
and third volumes that very excellent 
work, " The Development of English 
Building Construction," by Mr. C. F. 
Innocent, recently published by the Cam- 
bridge University Press, the substance of 
which was given in our own pages. Of 
course, a junior student is hardly quali- 
fied to exercise the critical faculty which 
such a book nurtures. The teacher of the 
elements of any art must to a certain 
extent be dictatorial, and while he will, or 
should, select a really good design for 
study, he will insist on the construction 
being definitely shown, while knowing and 
taking care that his students shall know 
that infinite variety both in design and 
construction is possible. The authors 
have, therefore, quite justifiably impressed 
the subjects of their earlier volumes with 
a certain amount of individuality. But 
they promise in the third volume to give 
examples of established architectural 
value to illustrate advanced principles of 
design, maintaining in some the construc- 
tional details given them by their de- 
signers or constructors, but adapting in 
nthers the construction in accordance with 
modern methods and the more extended 
use of machinery. 

In most books on building construction 
the attention of the student has been 
mainly occupied with isolated examples, 
which have no relation with each other. 
In some such fashion medicine was taught 
empirically of old. With the virtues and 
supposed virtues of drugs the embryo 
teacher was made familiar, but of the 
anatomy and design of the human body 
he was left in ignorance. Modern methods 
nf teaching any art demand greater cohe- 
Mon — and, above all, architecture, for the 
most perfect familiarity with the know- 
ledge of materials, features, and 
appliances, cannot be applied to the 
design or good construction of a building 
even of the smallest dimensions or least 
pretensions, till it is supplemented later 
on in the course of the student's training 
by an intelligent appreciation of the capa- 
bilities of the units of such to assemble 
them in architectural fasjiion and to 
ensure honest construction. 

The authors have, therefore, laken one 
building in which all the various items in 
each year's work could be fitly placed. 
The present volume gives, therefore, two 
such buildings, one a cottage and the 
iither a workshop, which embody with a 
few exceptions all the items necessary for 
an elementary knowledge of construction, 
thus facilitating teaching from the struc- 
ture itself rather than by the selection of 
isolated examples on account of their sim- 
plicity. Quite rightly no attempt is made 
to present examples of great architecture. 
All that has been accomplished is the pre- 
sentation of buildings fitly designed to 
express their purpose in rendering easy 
the assemblage therein of the different 
units of the building, encouraging the 
student meanwhile with a sense of the 
completeness of his work. Usually the 
c.iurse of instruction in building con- 
struction covers from three to five years. 
This volume is designed to meet the needs 
of a first-year's student ; in the second 
mfire than is generally required in a 
second year's course is promised, and in 
the third volume a large field of advanced 
work will be covered. 

The method of illustration adopted is 
judicious. It is, we think, felt by others 
as well as the authors that the ordinary 
orthogonal representation of examples of 

building construction insufficiently con- 
veys the solidity of the object to the ele- 
mentary student, to whose advantage, of 
course, in good classes, hiodels of the 
different units are supplied or made by 
himself. As this is not possible iu print, 
the illustrations to a large extent are 
shown in perspective, isometric, or 
pictorial representation. Photographs are 
used in some cases ; but, as is admitted, 
the camera cannot be used to show hidden 
parts. On this account dissociated and 
isometrical and oblicjue sketches have 
been freely used with some slight shading 
to indicate differing planes ; but cast 
shadows have been rightly avoided as 
tending to obscure the construction which 
it is desired to show in the clearest pos- 
sible manner. 

As we have already stated, the two 
buildings selected for study are a de- 
tached cottage of two stories built in brick 
and tile-roofed, suitable in a country dis- 
trict for a gardener, gamekeeper, or agri- 
cultural worker. A general working 
drawing is given in the pocket of the 
volume. L-shaped on plan, the cottage 
covers about 966 square feet, with a small 
one-storied addition at the back, having 
a superficial area of about 120 square feet. 
E.xternally the walls are of Flemish bond, 
in brick, the ground floor walls ISj ins., 
and the upper floor walls and those of the 
back addition 9 ins. thick. The window 
openings have brick sills, and the win- 
dows and door ojienings are surmounted 
by brick arches. Most of the windows are 
fitted with sliding sashes ; but the scul- 
lery, larder, and earth-closet windows have 
solid frames and casements. A small open 
porch with brick paving and a flat, lead- 
covered roof protects the door, while a 
covered way, paved with concrete, forms 
a part of the back addition and provides 
a sheltered connection from the scullery 
door with the tool-store, fuel shed, and 
earth-closet. The cottage provides an 
entrance lobby with stairs to the upper 
floor opposite the entrance door, parlour 
and living-room, and scullery, all of good 
dimensions. Four good rooms on the 
upper floor, one of w-hich contains a bath, 
give ample accommodation. The cost of 
the building, at 4d. per foot cube, is esti- 
mated at £475. 

The workshiip, of which also a general 
working drawing is given, occupies a site 
at the angle of two streets, with frontages 
respectively of 55 and 44 ft., with an area 
of about 1,100 sq. ft., about 840 sq. ft. of 
which is uncovered. The external walls 
are 204 ins. thick, with a stone facing 
averaging 7 ins. on bed, backed with brick 
in English bond. The boundary walls of 
the yard are 9 ins. thick, strengthened 
with piers and buttresses. At the back 
of the yard is an open-fronted shed, 
divided in the centre by a brick pier, 
which sujjports a lean-to roof covered 
with open slating or pantiles. The main 
building is internally 40g ft. long by 25 ft. 
in width, and is divided into five bays by 
piei's 18 ins. wide, carrymg king-post roof 
trusses over. The workshop itself occu- 
pies four of these bays, the other one, 
forming the angle of the two streets, is 
divided from the workshop by a glazed 
screen, carried up from the floor to the 
undei'-side of the roof truss, and, by 
means of a similar screen at right angles 
to it, is arranged to form an entrance 
lobby 8 ft. by 4 ft. 10 ins., giving access 
to the workshop and to a large office 20 ft. 
long by 8 ft. wide, which could be sub- 
divided to provide a small private office. 
The cubic contents of the building 
measure 26.000 cubic ft., and the cost, at 
sixoence per foot cube, works out at 
£650, exclusive of boundary walling. 

gravelling of yard, • and any sanitary 
appliances required. 

The main chapters of the book deal 
successively with brickwork, including 
bonds, foundations, and footings, general 
bonding in external and internal walls, 
ai'ches and lintels, and fireplace and chim- 
nej' construction ; masonry ; carpentry, 
temporary and permanent ; lintels and 
floors, roofing, ceilings and partitions ; 
joiner}', embracing doors, frames, and 
finishings, stairs, and miscellaneous de- 
tails. Chapter 15 is devoted to steel sec- 
tions and metal fastenings ; chapter 16 to 
slating and roof plumbing ; and chapter 
17 to roof coverings and finishings, in- 
cluding lead flat, eaves-gutters, and down- 
pipes. There is a good index, and the 
volume is excellently printed and use- 
fully bound. 

We suggest that if it is desirable to in- 
troduce the names of manufc-\cturers and 
merchants into works of this description, 
especially when issued under such good 
auspices, a fairly catholic selection should 
be made. Only four firms are named as 
representatives of specialities and 
materials of construction, such as bricks 
and tiles, door and window fasten- 
ings, and cast-iron gutters and down- 
pipes. .\11 are of good standing, but it is 
no disparagement to either to suggest 
that there are others equally worthy of 
mention. To omit such when giving any 
may, not unnaturally, appear invidious 
to some. 

J te^ < 


The question of the security of tenure of 
office by surveyors was raised afresh in a 
paper recently read at the annual meeting 
of the Institution of Municipal and County 
Engineers by Mr. J. H. Drew, the "borough 
surveyor of Grantham, who asks whether 
it is due to the inertia of surveyors that the 
position of those who are appointed under 
tihe Public Healtib Act, 1875, in regard to 
security of tenure is to-day exactly as it was 
forty-four years ago. \\\hat has been 
achieved for medical officers of health and 
inspectors of nuisances should not be beyond 
achievement by surveyors. So far back as 
July, 1911, Mr. P. C. Cowan, the chief 
engineering inspector to the Local Govern- 
ment Board of Ireland, pointed out in an 
address delivered at Belfast that in some 
respects the law in force in Ireland is more 
favourable to engineers and surveyors than 
the corresponding statutes in England and 
Wales. County surveyors, assistant county 
surveyors, and "practically all town surveyors, 
as well as sanitary officers, have security of 
tenure in Ireland, and can only be removed 
from office with the consent of the Local 
Government Board of Ireland, which is a 
separate department from the Local Govern- 
ment Board in England. Mr. Cowan con- 
sidered that this provision has proved very 
beneficial, and that the control of Irish 
authorities over their servants is not unduly 
affected. Mr. Drew urged the Institution of 
Municipal and County Engineers to appoint 
a committee to approach the Local Govern- 
ment Board of England and Parliament in 
order to obtain security of tenure, and that 
a1! persons hereafter appointed as surveyors 
should possess certain minimum qualifications 
for the discharge of their duties. 


The corporation of Morpeth met on Wednes- 
day for the first time in the council chamber of 
the Town Hall, a building which, with neigh- 
bouring properties, has been purchased at a 
very reasonable figure from the Countess of 

Sec. Lieut. .-Mexander M'Lean Maitland, 
Royal Engineers (killed in action), was the son 
of the late .John Maitland, farmer. Dalhalgardy, 
and nephew of ex-Lord Provost Maitland, Aber- 
deen. Before taking his commission ill the 
Royal Engineers, Mr. Maitland was a civil en- 
gineer on the staff of the Caledonian Railway 
Company at Glasgow. 


TllK IU"IM)L\(. M:\VS 


Ar(;. K), 191G. 


By R. 0. Wynni: UoiiKnTS. 

In iiidinary business ]>ro forma invoioi's 
accompany quotations lor goods and servioi's. 
so that the seller and the buyer know v. hat 
are included in Uie proposed transHClicm. 
Before this can l)e dune the buyer must >leci<le 
what he wants the seller to ipiote lor, and 
the more definite the instructions are the 
more satisfactory will the quotation be. 

When we consider what is done in connec 
tion with many structural undertakings, it 
would see.Ti somewhat anomalous that the 
foregoing practice is not observed. A certain 
work has been designed by an architect or an 
engineer. Tenders are invited for the exeou 
tion of such work, but the contract<ir must 
often ascertain as best he can what amount oi 
work is involved. Drawings are exhibited 
and specifications are shown, but the sche- 
dules of various work to be done are either in- 
adequate in detail or the contractor is left to 
work out the necess,ary statistical information 
for himself before he can be able to submit a 
tender. When this occurs in connection v.ith 
reinforced concrete, which appears to many 
as a much more complex undertaking, it is 
difficult to understand how contractors can 
build up their estimates. But reinforced con- 

^ r r- (f .f . ., ^ .1 :..> ^ ..^ s^a-^ 

Fid- I. -Section of will and counlerlort. 

Crete specialists do issue quantities, although 
not always prepared by a standard method. 

It would appear that the preparation of 
schedules of quantities by engineers and archi- 
tects in comiection with reinforced concrete 
work is often considered to be too abstruse an 
undertaking to warrant the trouble and 
expense. Quantity surveying in Britain is a 
profession which is old and respected, but in 
North America it has not yet been firmly 
established, but there is a movement in that 
direction in the United States. 

It requires some weeks to prepare drawings 
and specifications of some reinforced concrete 
work ; and when tenders are invited, con- 
tractors are expected to digest all the data, 
to study the drawings, to reconnoitre the 
district, to collect the particulars which are 
local in character, etc., in a few days, and 
often to compile his own bill of quantities. 
ITnder such conditions the contractor must, 
perforce, make ample allowances for contin- 
gencies which may or may not arise. 

Specifications which are loosely drawn, or 
drawings which give inadequate information, 
afford excellent opportunities for future 
■claims and troubles. 

It is probable that even with scrupulous 
•care and infinite pains it is rare that extras 
of some form are entirely absent. It is almost 
superhuman to expect such perfection, be- 
cause, be the plans ever so well prepared, the 
engineer or architect can during construction 
discern where improvements in design or 
change of materials will be to the client's 
tenefit. Moreover, the contractor is able to 

• From the Canadian Contraet Record. The efforts 
lifting made by Canadian and American architects and 
tuitders to introduce the quantitf system add current 
interest to any suggestions ofTered by them. 

put forward suggestions wliich are worthy of 
careful consideration by the architect or engi- 
neer or client. 

It is in the interest of both the architect nr 
enu'ineer, the contractor and the client, that 
reL,Mril .should be paid to the method by which 

been sunk on fhe site to depths varying from 
20 to 30 ft. to ascertain the nature of the 
foundations. No rock was fimnd. The suc- 
cessful tenderer had studied the contract and 
examined tTie trial holes. His price for rock 
excavation was very high, but as no rock was 

Ca^i't ft 





,1t S ' '93' '• 


7^:;;^7:o. wv 



i0*4't - f£Ot f 



C^fft»^fo<'t» - Ottt 

rt.'-r 'Ofr- >£ 

/V • //"-♦-■* J* - '-^^ 
// , r«6 . -*r - jt 

/.%' ' Jt i'33* - 3a 


Fig. 2, 

contracts are let. certificates are granted, and 
adjustments are made. 

Lump sum tenders would at first sight 
appear to be an easy and de.sirable way of 
letting contracts. The architect or engineer 
has before him the tangible figures as to the 
cost. The contractor has given thought to all 
contingencies, and has assessed the value of 
all anticipated risks and provided for his 
profit. The client knows what amount he will 
be called upon to pay. Much depends upon 
the persons concerned in such a contract and 
the care which has been taken in the prepara- 
tion of the plans and specifications, in the 
pricing of the contract, and in the selection 
of the contractor as to the extent mutual 
satisfaction will be enjoyed. 

Modifications of and additions to the con- 
tract must be adjusted, and some basis should 
be fixed upon for their settlement. If a 
schedule of prices has been filled in for various 
classes of work, then it will constitute such 
a basis, provided, however, that the prices 
are balanced. For example, a lump sum 
tender was sent in, accompanied by a priced 
schedule, for the construction of a reinforced 

met with, no question was raised. When ths 
actual excavations were in hand, a -consider- 
able quantity of rock was revealed and the 
contractor benefited thereby. His tender 
was really too low, but the fortunate occur- 
rence of rock helped him materially. Un- 
balanced bids, however, are not desirable ; 
they are too speculative. They should be 
carefully examined and, if possible, adjusted 
before tenders are let. Otherwise they may 
lead to unpleasant difficulties. 

The schedule of quantities should be an 
analysis of facts presented in ordered form. 
They will help to obviate the thorny points 
referred to. 

The experience of generations has crystal- 
lised the various ways of measuring up 
buildings or plans and presenting the facts 
into a few recognised standard methods. 
This applies to the older forms of building 
construction. In connection with reinforced 
concrete work, however, the methods have to 
be changed and the presentation of the ascer- 
tained facts have to be expressed in a dif- 
ferent manner. Reinforced concrete struc- 
tures comprise many variations in the appli- 


q.<.nr\Un,r]^yJ,A C 

/■ //i -3 concrete, 
P/ac//7q ' -/a ear 

fhi^^c/af/on of i^cr// 

JZ 'sfarj</a^£f£^ pMcfffa 

^ ' f /i.'-3 
Lahor p/ac/rja co^C/'efk 
forms ancf /aif»f 
2 "^ fane/ a r-e/s 
%"^o ^^ r-oi^ncf ha/rs 

Counter fo/'f J. 

/'/^ 3 concre^/lt. 
f-a.^of p/actna concfSlC^ 
forms tantsi /ahor 
^s' fo'y^" roune^ har^ 
f ^ rounc/ ifafJ 
£^<zSor- p/ac/ntf hors 














5^' ft 

c,^ ft 

if ft 

FIG. 3. 

concrete reservoir. The jirices given in the 
schedule were not those by which the tender 
was built up, and, moreover, some of the 
prices were exceedingly high in some cases. 
Nine trial holes about 6 ft. by 4 ft. had 

cation or combination of materials, methods 
of reinforcing, etc., although during the last 
twenty years many unnecessary variations 
have been abolished by common consent. In 
some instances, even at the present time. 

Aug. 16. 1916. 



there are oft^n too many variations in quali- 
ties of concrete, in dimensions of steel bars, 
etc. These tend to render the measurements 
somewhat complicated to abstract and also 
inctease the work of the contractor and the 
supervising officials. In the construction of 
a reservoir, for example, it is necessary to 
have rich concrete to provide for water- 
tightness and leaner concrete can be used 
where circumstances warrant the same. As 
the water pressure varies with the depth so 
must the quantity of steel, but it is possible 
to confine the dimension to those usually 
stocked. The writer's practice has been to 
vary the diameter by eighths of an inch. 

- This can be done by regulating the spacing. 

The method of abstracting the quantities 

might be described. Mr. E. P. Wells's 

method was adopted by the writer, which is 

a simple and an effectual one. It constitutes 

, a permanent record and any part of the work 
can be re-measured and compared at will. 
A sheet of ruled paper was used as in Fig. 2. 
For the purpose of illustrating the method 
of measuring up reinforced concrete work, 
a small part of a reservoir wall and floor as 
shown in the rough sketch (Fig. 1) will be 
worked out. The floor is of 1 : 2 : 4 concrete 

course, included an allowance for contractors' 
profit and contingencies. 

It is a matter for the engineer or architect 
to decide to what extent the quantities are to 
be dissected. If they are added together it 
will not be so easy to make future com- 
parisons to the same extent as when the de- 
tails are dissected as .shown in the previous 
examples. Some labour is, of course, in- 
volved, but it was thought worth while. On 
the other hand, as some contractors may not 
be accustomed to having the quantities priced 
on these lines, each case must be considered 
on its merits. 

The contractor needs to know many things 
in connection with a projected work before he 
can submit an intelligent and reliable tender. 
It is as much in the interest of the architect 
or engineer as it is in that of the client and the 
contractor that it is clearly understood what 
is included in the tender, how the work has 
to be executed, the quality of the materials 
and the workmanship to be employed, the 
manner in which payments are to be made 
and accounts are to be adjusted. If the bill 
of quantities is to be of service all these 
should be concisely and clearly defined, so 
that the contractor can concentrate his atten- 




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IBuiliiing Dnt^Uig^na. 

Portsmouth. — The Wimborne Road Council 
School has recently been completed from 
designs by llr. G. C. Vernon-Inkpen, F.S.I. , 
M.S..\., of Portsmouth, at a cost of over 
£20,000. The site is about one and a-tliird 
acres in area, and po.ssesses two road frontages. 
Entrances to the school blocks are jirovided 
from each. Teaching accommodation is pro- 
vided for 400 boys, 400 girls, 400 infants, and 
si.xty pupil teachers. The schools are planned 
on the corridor principle, with classrooms on 
each side, and windows east and west respec- 
tively. Each department has eight classrooms 
and one assembly hall, with separate rooms 
for mistresses, teachers and student pupils. 
The boys' and girls' school is a two-.>?tory build- 
ing, and the infants' a single-story block. The 
playgrounds are intended to be used for open- 
air teaching, and the girls' school on the 
upper floor has two flat roofs, intended for a 
similar purpose. The buildings are brick built 
and slated, heated by hot water, lighted by 
electricity, and provided with cross ventilation. 
The windows of the teaching and cloak rooms 
are the ordinary hung sashes and frames type 
fitted with the Vernon adjustable hopper 
ventilator, the invention of the architect. 
Transom lights are provided over the sash 
windows, casement doors and corridors. The 
floors are of concrete, those of the assembly 
halls, classrooms and teachers' rooms are 
finished with pitchpine blocks, the remainder 
with granolithic. The staircases, upper floors, 
and flats are constructed in reinforced con- 
crete, the latter finished with asphalte. The 
internal walls have a brown salt-glazed brick 
dado, finished above in sirapite and dis- 
tempered. A caretaker's cottage is provided 
on the site. 

Fig. 4. 

except the top layer, 6 in. thick, which is 
of 1 : li : 3 concrete. The floor has i in. 
bars laid 6 in. apart in two directions and 
under the counterfort portion, i-in. bars 
at 12 in. in two directions. The wall and 
counterforts are built of 1 : 1^ : 3 concrete. 
There is a 2 by 2 by 3-16 angle-iron 
standard with holes punched at the required 
spacing. The horizontal bars and tension 
bars are as stated on the .sketch. The vertical 
bars connecting the counterfort to the floor 
are j-in. rounds. The sketch is submitted 
simply for illustrative purposes. 

Fig. 2 shows in tabulated form the 
niethixl of abstracting the quantities for 
the structure illustrated, a section of the 
reservoir wall 10 ft. long being con- 
sidered. The next step is to present the 
information in the form of a bill of quantities 
as is done in the form shown in Fig. 3. To 
show the application of these principles in an 
actual case. Fig. 4 is a copy of a page of 
the schedule of quantities prepared in con- 
nection with a reservoir described in the 
Conlicirt lU'cm-d of March 3, 1915. 

The figures in the form shown in Fig. 4 
are submitted merely to show how the 
quantities were obtained and presented for 
the use of the contractor. As it was after- 
wards decided to carry out this work by the 
department, it was possible in many instances 
to compare the estimated cost with the 
actual. As was stated in the article on 
March 3, 1915, the work about .$30,343, 
less than the estimate. The estimate, of 

tion on the important work of pricing. The 
bill of quantities should, furthermore, no 
doubt, be the basis of contract, and as soon 
as this is the accepted practice the contractor 
will be relieved of much anxiety, the archi- 
tect or engineer will have the work done in 
the way desired without much trouble, the 
client will know that he receives full value 
for his investment, because prices will not be 
inflated to meet unknown hazards. 

The preparation of the bill of quantities, 
however, should conform to certain estab- 
lished rules. When the structure is a plain, 
straightforward piece of work, such as a 
rectangular reservoir, geometrical measure- 
ment will apply, but when the structure is a 
warehouse, with a multitude of doors, win- 
dows, and other openings, etc., it is then a 
question whether the work should be 
measured solid or deductions for openings 
should be made. The work of such a building 
would not be a simple one to estimate. There 
would be considerable waste in cutting for 
the openings, especially if the openings are 
not of uniform size and position. If geo- 
metrical measurements are to be made, with- 
out any allowance for custom, practice, or 
condition, it will not matter much so long as 
it is clearly known how the measurements are 
made. But if bills of quantities are prepared 
according to the individual idiosyncrasies of 
the architect or engineer, without ample ex- 
planation as to the methods employed, then 
the contractor will doubtless prefer to follow 
the old, even if it is an unsatisfactory, way. 


Former House-owner's Suit Against a 
Builder. — Ait Newcastle County Court, on 
August 10, -before Judge Oreenwell, WiJliiam 
Oliver, retired grocer, M'onkseaton, brought 
an lacbion to recover froiiii George Robson, 
builder, of Whitley Bay, the sum of 
£31 17s. 4d., money which the plaintiff alleged 
he had been compelled to pay for the defen- 
dant, lajiid which the latter was Jiable to re- 
imburse him. For the plaintiff, it was alleged 
that in 1896 the defendant agreed to taild a 
dwelling-house at Whitley Bay for the plain- 
tiff, the agreement providing that defendant 
shoutldi oomplete the paving aind flagging 
work. The property was conveyed to plaintiff 
in' 1896, but there was no undertaking in the 
deed witili ireigiard to the street works — such 
w^orks •were done by the district council when 
they thouight the occasion required. 'The 
council did not insist on the paving being 
done until 1911, when notice to pave wto 
served on the defendant. The work was done 
by the coimcil. Appointments were made, aoid 
in 1913 a demand to pay was made on plain- 
tiff. By that time plaintiff had sold the 
house to a Mr. Gofton. Tlie matter came 
before 'his Honour at the North Shields court 
ill 1914, when judgment was given for the 
amount mow claimed. Mr. Gofton bought the 
house in 1902, laaid plaintiff left £400 on mort- 
gage. In 1915 plaintiff gave notice to repay 
the mortgage money, and Mr. Gofton rep-aid 
it, but deducted £31 17s. 4d., and plaintiff was 
out of pocket to this amount. The defendant 
set up as his defence the Statute of Limita- 
tions, but tlie plainitiff's answer bo that was 
that the statute did not begin to run unibil 
they had a claim' they could emfoi-ce against 
dho defendant, and the claim, he submitted, 
did not mature till judgment was given in 
1914. — plaintiff, in cross- examiina tion, said the 
back street was paved and flagged wihen he 
bouglit the house, which was in Countesa 
Avenue. The front street was in the same 
condition, and if they we^re not then paid for 
they .iould have been. The cross street was 
not formed till about 1912.— Mr. Gofton, a 
builder, said he bougdit the house from Mr. 
Oliver in 1902, amd about 1910 he built another 
house on a plot of land adjoining and between 
plaiintiff's house and the cross street. — His 
Honour a.sked how the defendant could bo 
asked to pay for the flagging and paving for 
a house which belonged to someone else. — 
Witness said the house wias sold him with the 
paving for the cross street allowed £or as com- 
pleted. — ^His Honour found' for tlhe defendiant, 
with costs. 



IN A COUNTRY TOWN.— Capt. Cyril E. Farey, Architect. 


%»i ':■ /' lip''-'' 

■ "^''*^>!^^»'»im^h^&. 

FIRST PRIZE DESIGN FOR WAR MONUMENT (in commemoration of those of the Londot 

County Council Staff who sacrificed their lives in the War), NEW COUNTY HALL, 

Mr. E. A. RicKARDS, F.R.I.B.A., Architect ; Mr. Henry Poole, R.B.A., Sculptor. 




TNL yUlLbmS MLWi^, AU6Ust 16, I9ib. 


/\DDinON5 K' 
C'NRDIKS \XOaJJ.\ 11 All 


Messrs. T. H. Mawson, Hon. A. R. I. B. A., assisted hy E. Prentice Mawson, Architects. 



Messrs. Eastman and Sons, Photo. 


Messrs. T. H. Mawson, Hon.A.R.LB.A., a;il 

L|5UST 16, 1916. 

>3' E. Prentice Mawson, Architects. 



Aug. Ki, H)10. 

At no distant (lute it is probable Jupaii will 
be a competitor as r«niird8 brick-mukiiif; 
which European brick makers will do well to 
reckon with. The industry is practically 
quite a modern one, but the strides made 
during the last thirty years have been re- 
markable, and (juite recently tiiy export 
orders have been filled in India, Itussia, and 
the South Seas. It goes, perhaps, without 
sayiiii; that (Icrmaiiy has supplied most of 
the brickmaliing machinery, and proliably 
will do so in the future if our makers are 
willing to let the Germans keep them out of 
the field. 

According to Mr. T. Shirai, writing in the 
"Japan Magazine," though tile bricks were, 
no doubt, known in Japan from very remote 
times, the art of modern brick-making was 
not practised until the era of Kayei, previous 
to the arrival of Commodore Perry, when 
Egawa Tarozaemon, the daikwan of Izu, 
after a perusal of Dutch books, devoted him- 
self to making guns and other western in- 
ventions. In order to make guns he had to 
build a furnace, which he could not very 
well do without a ohiniiiey, for which he had 
to have bricks. From a certain clay taken 
from the foot of Mount Amagi he made fire- 
proof brick for his furnace, which he set up 
near Xirayama in Izu. Egawa succeeded in 
making his furnace and also some cannon, his 
amateur arsenal afterwards being removed to 
Koisfiikawa in Yedo. Thus it was that fire- 
proof bricks were the first made in Japan. 
The remains of the furnace may still be secu 
at Nirayama. 

From that time, until the fifth year of 
Meiji, the making of bricks was a lost art in 
Japan, when the Department of the Treasury 
again started the manufacture of brick, under 
the supervision of an American. The kiln 
which he made for firing the brick was round, 
like that used for making tiles, with a door 
on both sides. It was a very spacious affair, 
capable of baking 1,800 bricks at once, but 
the bricks turned out proved unsatisfactory, 
though they were intended for the construc- 
tion of the Takebashi barracks. The con- 
tractor for the erection of the barracks finally 
himself undertook the making of bricks for 
his purpose ; and borrowing capital from the 
Government he set up a kiln of the Hoffman 
type under the supervision of a foreigner 
named Wordsworth, and built of Boshu stone. 
As it was the year 1877, owing to the Saigo 
rebellion there was not much demand for 
brick, and the enterprise did not succeed very 
■well. The kiln finally passed into the hands 
of the Seirensha, a brick-making company 
formed by several business men, which, in 
turn, failed. 

In the year 1872 the Ginza, which is the 
main thoroughfare of Tokyo, was reduced to 
ashes in a great conflagration, and it was 
proposed to reconstruct both sides of the 
.street in brick to withstand further outbreaks 
of fire, but as the necessary brick could not 
be had, the proposal had to be abandoned, 
though it set many of the old tile-makers >.'f 
Hongo making brick, more than 137 kilns 
being set up in a short time. The old Mint 
was on the Ginza, after which the street was 
named ; and after it was completed most of 
the brick-makers returned to tile making. 
The street where the first brick building 
appeared came to be known as Rengwa, cr 
"the bricks." The Bazaar at Marunonchi 
was built before the Mint, but it was of im- 
ported brick. 

The first real brick factory was established 
in Tokyo in 1876 when Baron Shibusawa 
resolved to have a gasworks, which could 
not be erected without brick. The new fac- 
tory was opened at Shinagawa, where white 
brick making was undertaken. Soon they 
were making all kinds of brick. At first the 
progress of the art was very slow, owing to 
the meagre demand for brick. By 1883 the 
largest order received was for 8,000 bricks 
from the Printing Bureau, which the com- 
pany thought a godsend. It was not until 
after the war with China that the industry 
began to show signs of prosperity. At pre- 
sent the Shinagawa factory has capital of 
over 2,000,000 yen, and has three factories, 
the other two being at Osaka and Fukushima. 
The company makes about 30,000,000 fire- 
bricks a year, and about 150,000,000 orna- 

mental bricks. Mtist of the aluiiiiiiii and 
silica clay comes from Fukushima, Miye, and 
.\ichi, where the supply is almost inex- 
haustible. The company is always in a posi- 
tion to fill orders of twenty or thirty thousand 
bricks at any time. Owing to the war in 
Europe orders have recently fallen off. .Some 
lime ago an order for 3,000,000 bricks was 
received from the Bombay Ironworks, and 
other orders have come from Russia and the 
South Seas. 

Another flourishing brick company is the 
\' roi III-' i;\v.i Seizo Kaisha, which used 
brick-making machinery from the start. At 
first most of the brick-makers in Japan 
moulded the bricks by hand, but the last- 
named company inyjorted its machinery from 
Germany, using a Schmetier machine, under 
the auspices of Baron Shibusawa and Manjuis 
Inouye, the factory being set up at Fukaya on 
the Nakasendo. The company has now four 
Hoffman machines, and kilns for all pur- 
poses, as well as drying houses after the Cole 
method. It produces about 30,000,000 bricks 
a year. This company has supplied the 
bricks used in most of the large modern 
Government buildings, such as the Bank of 
Japan, the Crown Prince's Palace, the De- 
partment of Justice, and the Department of 

As the Shinagawa company does not allow 
inspection of its factory the interior is not 
known to outsiders, but there is no doubt 
that its methods show the latest develop- 
ments. The bricks known as the Mikawa 
have been regarded among the best pro- 
duced in Japan ; these were used in construct- 
ing the forts at Futsu and Kwannonzaki, as 
well as in building the Tokaido railway. In 
and about Tokyo, there are no less than 45 
brick factories, including some 20 Hoffman 
kilns and 51 other kinds, and about 
150.000,000 bricks can be turned out annually. 
The progress of firebrick making has been 
slow but steady. The output in 1913 was 
1 400,000 ; and the ordinarv brick output was 
valued at about 4.820,00"0 yen. Japanese 
bricks are 7 by 3 by 2, and from 3 to 5 sen 
each. In constructing single brick walls the 
ordinary Japanese bricklayer can lay from 
360 to 450 bricks a day, with the help of a 
carrier; and in a double wall he can -ay 
from 460 to 500 a dav. Since the use of iron 
or steel frame buildings has come into vogue 
the brick-making industry in Japan has 
shown marvellous development. Now it is 
no uncommon thing to see buildings of five 
or seven stories going up in steel frames faced 
with brick. The Japanese at first had some 
difficulty In calculating the number of bricks 
required for any certain building, and often 
loss was incurred in mistakes over the 
matter, a conspicuous instance being the case 
of the Imperial Tniversity buildings. 

nx Illustrations. 

The owner of Woolley Hall is Mr. Walter 
II. Cottingbani. nnich engaged with large 
business interests in America as well as in 
Knglaiul ; coii-seijutntly this residence by the 
Thames is only occupied by him for about 
four months in" the summer, and the complete 
'garden scheme has been drawn, as here ilhis- 
liiited, tu be gradually carried out in sections 
• luring his absence. Our photograiihic plates 
t(i-(lay show the lay-out of the gardens and the 
part Iif the ground's nearest to the house. The 
tea house, shown on the double-page, is also 
seen under the middle archway of the 
entrance arcade leading to the cloister gardens. 
The other iiicture illustrates a view at the 
end of the stone-columned pergola, with sun- 
light effect, photographed by Messrs. East- 
nuin' and Sons. Messrs. Thomas H. Mawson. 
Hnn.A.R.I.B.A., and E. Prentice Mawson, of 
Lancaster, are the joint architects of the 
buildings in the gardens, which Mr. T. H. 
Lawson has schemed, and is supervising as 
the work proceeds. 

We described this scheme in our issue of 
July 19 last, when reviewing the designs 
exhiibited at the Royal Institute o 
British, Arcliiitects' Galleries m Conduit 
Street We criticised the stylobate as 
being too fanciful, with tlie quadrant 
gusset-like fittings introduced where tUie 
quatrefioil segments of the steps intersect 
but we commended' the beautiful drawings by 
which this clever piece of work is displayed, 
making it an easy winner of the £50 prize 
awarded by the Civic Arts Association. The 
memorial is all of a piece, and in scale wit , 
itself, including the Baroque statue group u 
b.onze. On the rounded ends of the pedestal 
are very handsome cartouche shields, and in- 
scriptions occur on all four faces In 
Memoriam " of those who fell on land who 
were lost at sea, and to those who perished in 
the air. The subsidiary trophies flanking the 
ped 'stal are typical of the military and naval 

.^■rr,,^ TXT » /-'nTiVTRV TOWN OR V IL- 


Boyle's latest patent " Air-Pump" ventila- 
tors have been adopted for Etherley Hospital, 
Ethcrley, Bishop Auckland. 

The Pendleton Co-operative Society's pre- 
mises. Broughton. Manchester, are being ven- 
tilated by means of Shorland's patent exhaust 
roof ventilators, supplied by Messrs. E. H. 
iShorland and Brother, Limited, of Faileworth, 

This week the Matone film is at the Star 
Theatre. Coventry; Alexandra Hall, Black- 
burn ; and the Waterloo Picture House, Sout;h 
Shore. Blackpool. Next week it can be seen at 
the Panopticon, Belfast; Princess Cinema, 
Bolton; and the Casino, Pleasure Beach, 

An extraordinary general meeting of the 
British Uralito Company will be held at the 
re'^istered offices. No. 85, Gresham Street. 
E.G.. on Friday. August 13, 1916, at 2.15 
o'clock in the afternoon, when the subjoined 
resolution will be proposed: — " 1. That the 
575.000 fully paid-up ordinary shares of 2s. 6d. 
each in the capital of the company be con- 
solidated in such manner that every eight of 
the existing shares shall constitute one fully 
paid-up ordinary share of £1. 2. That new 
share certificates" be issued subject to the pro- 
visions contained in Clauses 42 to 46 inclusive 
of the Articles of As-sociation." 

— »-••*>-€ 

Sec. Lieut. Robert Reid. Black Watch, who 
has been killed in action, was the elder son of 
Mr. WiUiam Reid. timber merchant, Falken- 
berg. Bearsden, N.B. 


LAGE. . . , c . 

This is the Civic Arts Association s first- 
nrize design, the architect of which is Captam 
Cvril \ Fai'ev. The particulars, which were 
included in th"e review above mentioned cover 
all that we had to say with reference to th s 
interesting' proposal, of which we now giy-e 
the perspective view. By this sketch it will 
te seen how pleasingly the lily Pond is con- 
trived to set off the fountain, which is in 


This cinema theatre, illustrated to-day has 
been recently erected in Duncairn Gardens 
Belfast, from the design a"d under the 
fupervision of Mr. F. T. Waddington, 
Lie RIB A., of Blackpool. The auditorium 
measures 82 ft. by 47 ft., and has a balcony 
at one end. A good feature '^^ade of a 
cafe arranged conveniently on the balcony 
floor This" department overlooks the hall, 
and it has a refreshment buffet adjoining. The 
operator's suite is quite apart from the main 
building, thus minimising the danger from 
fire The interior decorations are in light 
Italian Renaissance. The auditorium has a 
curved or segmental ceiling. The generjU con- 
tractors for' the work were Messrs. Henry 
Laverty and Sons, of Belfast. 
We give a view of the garden front of this 
house, lately built, overlooking Chobham 
Common. The .segmental verandah, with the 
balcony above, fits in between the two diagon- 

Aug. 16. 1916. 

THE BUILDING NEWS: l\o. 3215. 


jlly-set winys, and leads to the series of 
receptioii-rooms, so placed as to command the 
prospect, which is unusually attractive, to- 
wards the well-known golf course in this 
neighbourhood The entrance side of the 
huildins was illustrated in our issue of April 
9. 1915. when we gave plans and sections. 
The work has been carried out for Mr. A. K. 
Stothert, and the lay-out, which is uncommon 
<»nd ingenious, was arranged to fit the site. 
The walls are rough-casted, and the roofs are 
lovered with old tiles. Messrs. Norris and 
■ Co.. of Sunningdale, were the builders, and 
the architects are Messrs. Tubbs, Mes.ser, and 
Poulter, of Craig's Court House, Whitehall, 


This church is built on the site of Nos. 159 
and 161, Copenhagen Street, and the adjoin- 
ing house. No. 157, will be' temporarily 
utilised as a presbytery. The building is iii 
simple Romanesque style, and consists of a 
parish hall, with the church immediately over 
same, providing a present accommodation 
for alxiut 200. The planning allows for a 
future e.xtension, the building of the perma- 
nent .sanctuary and sacristies being for the 
, time deferred. Access to the church is from 
two entrances in Copenhagen Street, up short 
flights of steps, and one entrance also gives 
access to the parish hall below. Between the 
entrance lobbies is a baptistry, enclosed with 
a wrought-iron screen, executed by Messrs. 
Hart, Son. Peard and Co., the marble font 
being by Messrs. W. and R. Moore, both 
from the architect's designs. Over this bap- 
tistery is a gallery for the choir and organ. 
The main fagade is of purple bricks, with red 
brick arches and dressings, and the roof is 
of red tiles. The church is internally finished 
with plastered walls divided into" arcaded 
panels, and is well lighted, having regard to 
the confined conditions of the site." Mr. 
Robert L. Curtis is the architect, and Messrs. 
E. Lawrance and .Sons. Ltd.. the general con- 

■ f.^mmm'^ . 


■Widespread regret will be felt at the death 
m action in France of Second Lieutenaivi 
Alick George Horsnell, Suffolk Regiment, 
one of the most promising young architects 
of the day and a draughtsman of unusual 
ability. Mr. Hoisnell was trained as an 
architect in the office of Mr. Frederic Chan- 
cellor, F.R.I.B.A,. of Chelmsford, and while 
there gained the travelling studentship of the 
Architectural As.sociation, a body which he 
joined in 1902. He afterwards became 
assistant to Mr. Ernest Newton, A,R.A., 
P.R.I.B.A., and while there was awarded by 
the Royal Institute of British Architects the 
Tite Prize in 1906, and four years later the 
Soane Medallion and £100. In April, 1914, 
he commenced private practice, and some 
eighteen months ago enlisted. He was seri- 
ously wounded some months since, but re- 
covered, and now has fallen in action. Mr. 
Horsnell was one of the architects selected 
in the preliminary competition to submit 
designs for the Board of Trade Offices in 
Whitehall. Out of 107 sets submitted for the 
■Town Hall for' Middleton, near Manchester, 
Mr. Horsnell's drawings were selected two 
years ago, and were illustrated in our i3.sue 
of August 21, 1914. Unfortunately, owing 
to the outbreak of the war, the execution of 
the scheme has been indefinitely postponed 
by the coo-poration. Mr. Alick Horsnell's 
■brilliant draughtsmanship has been recognised 
and appreciated by our readers, for in our 
last two volumes we reproduced many of his 
travelling studentship sketches, including ; — 
South door of church, Andely-Ie-Grand, given 
in our issue of .June 21, 1916; Palazzo Terzi, 
Bergamo, November 3, 1915 ; cortille, Palazzo 
Fava, Bologna, November 24, 1915; door- 
way to old house at Bologna, February 9, 
1916 ; Madonna dei Miracoli, Brescia, Novem- 
ber 24, 1915; hotel de ville, Dijon, April 19, 
1916 ; Evangelistic beasts at the Bargello, 
Florence, June 21, 1916 ; interior of Santa 
Miniato, Florence, September 29, 1915 ; lion's 
head waterspout from Girgenti (now in 
National Museum, Palermo). October 20, 
1915 ; hotel de ville and Porte Picoys, Loches, 

April 12, 1916; Notre Dame, ilantes. Febru- 
ary 23, 1916; street in Nantes, June 21, 1916; 
San Vitale, Raveinia, February 9, 1916 ; Villa 
di Pa|)a Giulio, Rome, September 29, 1915 ; 
the Douane, Rouen, May 24, 1916; churcli 
porch, Vernon-en-Eure, October 27, 1915. 
Mr. Horsnell was unmarried. 

.Mr. David Douglas, retired auctioneer and 
valuator. Arbroath, died at his residence in 
Dalhousie Place on Thursday last in his 88th 
year. Mr. Douglas was born at Idvies, in the 
parisli of Kirkden, Forfarsliire. When com- 
paratively young he was employed as chief 
carpenter at Kinnaird Castle, the estate of the 
Earl of Southesk. In 1875 he removed to 
Arbroath, where lie carried on business as a 
cabinetmaker for some years, which he ulti- 
mately relinquished, and subsequently devottd 
his entire time to the business of auctioneer 
and valuator, retiring about six years ago 
owing to failing health. He is survived by 
three sons, two of whom, Mr. David Douglas 
and Mr. W. A. Douglas, are managing direc- 
tors of the firm of Richards (Ltd.), Aberdeen, 
and four daughters, one of whom is Lady Lind- 
say, wife of Sir .Jolm Lindsay, Town Clerk 

Captain E. D. .lob (Machine Gun Corps), a 
member of the staff of Messrs. Deloitte, Plen- 
der, Griffiths, and Co., London Wall Build- 
ings, has been killed in action. He was for 
ten years a member of the Artists' Rifles. 
At the outbreak of the war he rejoined his 
regiment, receiving a commission as Second 
Lieutenant in February, 1915. He signed on 
for foreign service the following .July, and was 
attached to the Machine Gun Corps in Febni- 
ary last. In May he went to the Front as 
Cajitain and Commanding Officer. Captain 
.Job was killed by a shell on July 11. One 
of his men describes him as " the bravest 
man in the fight." The Adjutant says :" He 
did just the right thing at the right time." 
Capain .Job was the second son of the Rev. 
C. R. .Job, late Vicar of Hampton Hill, 

Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edmund Boote, 
North .Staft'ordshire Regiment, killed on July 
1, the managing director of Messrs. P. and 
R. Boote, Limited, tile manufacturers, of 
Burslem, was the youngest son of the late 
Richard Boote, of Shallowford, Norton 
Bridge. He was born in 1874 and was 
educated at Shrewsbury School. He joined 
the 2nd V.B. North Staffordshire Regiment 
in 1892, and transferred to the 5th North 
Staffordshire Regiment when the Territorial 
Force came into being. He served in the 
South African W^ar and received the medal 
of the campaign, and on his return was pre- 
sented with the freedom of the borough of 
Stafford. He went to the Front as Major 
with the 5th North Staffordshire Regiment, 
and was promoted to the command of another 
battalion of the same regiment June. He 
married in 1895 Gertrude Ethel (daughter of 
Major R. G. Laybourn, of the Queen's West- 
minsters), who, with a son and two daughters, 
survives him. 

We regret to learn that Mr. John Wood- 
house Simpson, architect, of Berridge Street, 
Leicester, has lost in action his only son, 
SecondHLieutenant Cyril Woodhouse Simpson, 
Leicestershire Regiment, who -was killed on 
July 14. Lieutenant Simpson was educated 
at Charterhouse, and at the time war was de- 
clared 'Was an undergraduate of Oriel Col- 
lege, Oxford. He acted as coxswain to the 
college boat for three years, and when they 
won the Thames Challenge Cup in 1913. He 
also acted as cox in trials in 1914. 

t ^•» f 

At the monthly meeting of the city council 
of Truro, the Finance Committee recom- 
mended that in the event of Mr. S. R. Pascoe, 
assistant surveyor, who has ibeen accepted for 
general service with H.M. Forces, being called 
up for active service, the difference bet.ween 
his civil and military pay ibe made up by the 
council and his position kept open Councillor 
Wator.s asked when tlu-y were going to stop sub- 
sidising these chaps for doing their duty ; it 
was neither right nor reasonable that the rate- 
payers should (wy a man for being patriotic. It 
was pointed out that the council had done 
tlici s^ime for every other cor]ioration official 
since the war began, and after a further pro- 
test by the councillor the report was aclopted. 

— I m I — 

To the Editor of the Building News. 
Sir, — I am quite sure that the writer of the 
letter on the Metric System, which appeared 
in The Building News of the 2nd inst., and 
who cites the story of the starling who sat at 
the open door of Jiis cage and shouted to all 
and sundry : " I can't get out," will take my 
letter in the same friendly spirit of humour 
shown in his own. 

No wonder the starling calls " I can't get 
out." The poor bird has been caged for a 
long, long time; he is somewhat dazed and 
unable to properly appreciate the advantages 
of the liberty offered him. And he feels that 
he does not especially wi.sli to get out, unless 
he is assured of that complete liberty which 
will allow him to fly freely, to fly abroad if 
needs be, and to be able to freely converse 
with his friends there in their own language. 
His feet feel hampered by the fear of that 
concealed " metre " of 39.6 inch lurking some- 
where about, and the threatening " metric 
ton " of 2,240 lbs. seems to weigh heavily on 
his wings ; he is also rather fearful of that 
barrier of the rod of brickwork which he has 
heard is equal to twenty-five square " British 
metres." No ! he is vaguely aware that it 
is no use his quitting his cage, unless complete 
liberty lies beyond his door, a liberty useful to 
him and unhampered by his old habits. He is 
an old bird, very wise, but also very naive and 
sometimes thoughtless, and lie has always 
taken it for granted that his song could be 
understood by the birds of other climes, and 
if they did not understand him, all the worse 
for them. What I He had learnt when he 
was a youngster — and it cost him some time 
and trouble to listen and learn — and he had 
always thought that it was quite the right 
thing, and his cage measured one foot one 
inch and seven-eighths, by one foot three 
inches and three-quarters, with a height to 
ceiling of eighteen inches and a fraction he 
had now forgotten, and that some clever 
person had calculated that the cubic sjjace of 
his living room should be as near as pos.sible 
two cubic feet three cubic inches and a frac- 
tion ; but he was afraid that it was not quite 
correct, as it had taken a long time to calcu- 
late, and there was certainly an error. His bath 
or water tank he had heard should contain 
one and a-half gills ; his food-box seven- 
eighths of an ounce of mixed seed (avoir- 
dupois), his perch, the .strength of which 
interested him for his safety, was said to be 
half-an-inch in diameter, but as its section was 
not easily got at, he felt somewhat uneasy. 
The quantity of silver sand brought to his 
promenade-garden each day he could only 
guess at, but he had heard that it was about 
a quarter of a pint, fluid measure. He had 
heard the man of the house in which his cage 
hung endeavouring to make somewhat similar 
calculations about the air-space of his rooms, 
the quantity of his water supply, and the 
number of " loads " of earth wanted for his 
garden, and this man did not seem happy 
about it all either. And being a wise bird he 
began to wonder whether all these complica- 
tions were really logical, and whether they 
existed everywhere, for he had been told by 
a refugee bird that in France, whence he came, 
all these things were so simple. 

No ! we must look at the matter very seri- 
ously, and not try to find a means of adapting 
our antiquated " system " to modern methods. 
We must at once .scrap our old complicated 
tables of weights and measures which took us 
so long to learn at school, and frankly adopt 
the Metric System, which is used by our 
French friends and by over forty other 
countries. We must try to realise what the 
adoption of this system would mean to us, not 
only at home but abroad, how it would facili- 
tate our post-war business with friendly 
countries, and how much time we .should save 
by doing away with our complicated and 
irksome calculations. I do not wish to say 
that the Metric System is a perfect one — there 
is nothing perfect of human manufacture — but 
it is much nearer perfection and more useful 
than anv adaptation of our old tables would 



Aug. Ki, 1916. 

bi', iind \vf cannot wuit until a jifrffct system 
bo liiscovcreil. 

If we n(li.>]>t n kind uf lialfineii8ure, \vc shall 
be more or less in the ]ic>sition we are now. 
using a more or less complicated system of 
our own, and still remaining out of conijilete 
touch with our neighbours, who will be quite 
unable to follow the B.D.S. 

I must confess that 1 fail to grasp the 
simplicity of the 39.6 lb. " metre " or how 
it corresponds with the " metric ton " of 
2.240 lbs., or how the knowledge that the 
25tli part of a rod of brickwork equals a 
scjuare "British metre" would be of use 
to us. 

I only know that the metre is in absolute 
relationship to a cubic metre of water, to a 
thousand litres, to a thousand kilos, and that 
the volume and weight of brickwork, timber. 
etc.. is in easy relationshiji when the density 
of the material is known, and how easy it is to 
calculate with tJiis system. But I am unlike 
the unhappy starling, I took my complete 
liberty and found it to be pleasing and 

Paris. VyeP.^rminter, Architect. 

l!\e Painters' L'nion arc being made by gome 
of the men to obtain a further imreaso the 
I>ondon Association of Jlast*r Decorators 
vertures to ask the assistance of the trade 
in resisting these demands. 

Having now arrived at a flat rate of lOd. 
pi'i hour for painters with the whole of the 
decorators and ijaintera of London it is felt 
that it would be disastrous to again have 
two rates, and vour cooperation will there- 
fore be esteemea. — Yours faithfully, for and 
(111 behalf of the London Association of 
Muster Decorators, 

A. Davidson, Secretary. 

Sir. — I wish to invite your attention to 
the mischief which has been done by the 
Act of 1897 in legalising the metric system 
in this country. I have nothing unfavour- 
able to say about the system itself beyond 
what is conveyed in my book. "British 
Trade and the Metric System," and nothing 
is further from my thoughts than to belittle 
the talented originators of the system. As 
clearly shown in my book, a metric scale, 
whether based on the French metre of 39.37 
ins., or our own metre of 39.6 ins., is a scien- 
tific scale merely, inconvenient for mercan- 
tile or trade uses, where vulgar fractions as 
well as decimals must be given free play. 
Hence my opposition to pure decimals. 

The Act is mischievous because it is one- 
sided and unfair. It legalises the metric 
system in this country, and through this 
country throughout the British Empire, 
without reciprocity. The Germans have 
taken full advantage of this concession, and 
must have made billions (French) of pounds 
.sterling by it at our expense. The privilege 
is equivalent to a Qerman tarifl levied 
directly in Great Britain and Ireland, and 
indirectly in the Dominions and in India, 
simply because it confers an important ad- 
vantage on German traders not enjoyed by 
ourselves. The British imits were not given 
the same privilege in Germany : in fact , 
everything possible was done to bring them 
into ridicide and contempt, and to exclude 
them from German and other markets. 

We know now that the British system is 
more international than any other existing 
system ; and that the metric system is an 
approximative modern substitute for the 
4,000-year-old "British" decimal system, 
British only because the British have pre- 
served it. We know, too, that the Germans 
have defiled the metric system by putting it 
to base and greedy uses for the purpose of 
levying an aggressive war on humanity. 

Why not generally adopt the purer and 
more correct British tripod, and put the 
three scales to their correct uses, and leave 
the Germans to their own devices? At all 
events, we cannot permit the Act to stand 
as it is, since to it we may attribute most 
of our trade losses since 1897. — Yours, etc , 
E. A. W. Phillips, M.Inst.C.E. 

Rawdon House, 4, Avmer Road, Hove. 


Sir, — I am instructed to inform you that 
this Association, being the official body of 
Master Decorators and Painters, recognised 
by the Board of Trade, etc.. has agreed with 
the Painters' Union to pay a fixed rate of 
lOd. per hour to painters as from August 12 
current for the duration of the war and for 
a period of nine months after the declaration 
of peace. 
iThis rate is now in conformity with that 
paid by the London Master Builders' Asso- 
ciation, and as demands not supported by 


Sir, — Last summer I made an offer to the 
Board of Agriculture to use the machinery of 
th-? War Service Bureau for the purpose ot 
raising a body of professional men to assist 
in harvesting work, owing to the shortage of 
agricultural labour. Although the offer was 
courteously received, it was not accejited. I 
have now, however, been approachecl with a 
request to proceed with the matter, and I 
should, therefore, be glad to hear from any- 
one who is prepared to give at least four 
weeks of their time to harvesting work. 

Arrangements will be made to send appli- 
cants for a few days, in the fourth week in 
August, to a training and clearing station 
before being placed out on various farms. 
They will receive board and lodging in return 
for work while at the station, and when they 
are placed out on farms they wiU receive 
board and lodging and a small wage. 

Every effort will be made as far as pos- 
sible to" keep together men who wish to work 
with each other. 

I am sure there must be a very large num- 
ber of members of the architectural and sur- 
veying professions who would like to assist 
in" this work of very great national import- 
ance, and I should be very glad if they will 
kindly communicate with me immediately.— 
Believe me, vours faithfully, 

F. R. Yerburt, Secretary. 

The Architectural Association, 
37, Great Smith Street, S.W. 

(Bm (B&ct f abU. 



Telegraph CoxSTRrcTiON Bill.— The Tele- 
graph Construction Bill passed througli com- 
mittee of the House of Commons after Uie in- 
sertion of a new clause, moved by Sir F. Ban- 
burv providing that before entering on land 
or buildings fot the purpose of construction or 
maintenance of any telegraphic line, the l:'o^t- 
master-General should, except in case of emer- 
gency endeavour to make an arrangement 
witli'the occupier of the land as to 'he time 
of entrv for such purpose, and if any ditier- 
ence arose between the Postmaster-General 
and the occupier it should he determmeil by 
arbitration. The Bill was read a third time 
at the same sitting and was read a second time 
in the House ot Lords on Thursday. 


The Battersea Borough Council have ob- 
tained sanction for a loan of £3.728 for electric 
supply purposes. 

An application has been made to the Local 
Government Board bv the Leyland Urban 
District Council for leave to boiTow £6.900 
for a new water main. 

The borouffh engineer of Halifax. Mr. J. 
Lord, has been instructed by the corporation 
to carrv out the street-widening at Barum 
Top aiid in Kingr's Cross Lane, near the 
junction of Bull Green and Barum Top, at 
an estimated cost of £500. 

At a meeting of the Falkirk Town Council last 
week a letter was read from Mr. Robert Dollar. 
San Francisco, offering a gift of £3.000 for the 
purpose of erecting public baths in the burgh 
of Falkirk, of which he is a native. The coun- 
cil agreed unanimously to accept the offer. Mr. 
Dollar is a shipowner, and engaged in the lum- 
ber trade in the States. 

At Rochdale last Friday Robert Taylor, of 
Ashfield Road, secretary of the Rochdale 
branch of the National Amalgamated Furnish- 
ing Trades Association, was charged with 
wrongfully obtaining the sum of £243 14s. Mr. 
R. H. Chapman, of Manchester, who prose- 
cuted, said the total defalcations were £502 12s. 
The Bench imposed a fine of £5 and costs, and 
tli.'^y ordered the prisoner to pay the sum of 
£302 in a month, or go to prison for 84 days 
in the second division. 

Canon NoUoth, the vicar of Beverley- 
Minster, says it is impracticable to allow 
visitors to go unattended over u church con- 
taining Mediieval carving, as too often 
attempts are made to steal fragments as 
souvenirs. In his own church there is, he 
remarks, " in the lower part of the Percy 
.Shrine a small head, which, on examination, 
will be found to be rather loose. After some 
five and a-cjuarter centuries of repose, it was 
carried off across the Atlantic. Some say 
that the conscience of the abstractor made 
him return it; others, that he showed it to a 
Beverley man. who carefully noted the place 
where he kept it, stole it again, and sent it 
home, very little the worse for its visit to the 
United States. Supporting the canopy of 
tlie vicar's stall are corbel-heads of the two 
local deities, St. John of Beverley and King 
Aihelstan The former is modern. Notwith- 
standing a very vigilant eye on visitors, some- 
one managed. "a few years ago, probably by 
lingering in the choir after evening prayer, 
to cut through the oaken peg by which th& 
original was held. This he <piietly pocketed, 
and though a substantial reward was offered,. 
it never came back." The Rev. G. • 
Arbuthnot writes that eight-and-twenty- 
vears' experience as vicar of Stratford- 
on-Avon convinces him that much-visited 
churches must be protected against the 
vandaUsm of a certain class of visitors. 
He had to keep two men constantly on th© 
watch at Stratford, and in spite of this occa- 
sionally lost small aj-ticles, s«oh a.s book- 
markers or prayer-books. Many years ago, 
before tlie church came under Mr. Arbuth- 
iiot's care, the toes of John Coombes's recum- 
bent figure, close to Shakespea,re's grave, 
were broken off and carried away. Wihen they 
were restoring the chm-ch one portion of a 
foot was returned by an anonymous possessor, 
but although he pubUslied a letter asking for 
the return of the other, it is still missing. 

The Ministry of Munitions call attention to 
the Order in Council, issued on July 20, which 
makes it necessary for a licence to be secured 
for works of construction of various kinds t-c 
he proceeded with or commenced. It if 
pointed out that provided a licence has been 
applied for, any building which was actually 
in progress before July 20 may be continued 
until a licence has either been granted or re- 
fused. Therefore it is not necessary to stop 
work while the granting of a licence is being 

The area of 1,121 acres purchased by the Co- 
operative Wholesale Society in Cheshire last 
week w-as the largest single purchase of land 
made by this institution since it started the 
policy of extending the collective ownership 
of soiirces of food supplies. The transaction, 
however, has been extended this week by the 
purchase of 3,856 acres of freehold agricul- 
tural land on the Marshland Estate, near 
Goole. The sale was completed on Wednes- 
day. The area consists of thirty-nine farms, 
wliich are said to be admirably suited to the 
production of potatoes, wheat, oats, and peas. 
The Marshland Estate is at the junction of the 
Ouse, Humber. and Trent, and the purchase 
of the Wholesale Society includes sixty 
labourers' cottages, a mansion, and park of 
about 100 acres. 

Members of the Corporation of Rochdale in- 
spected on Wednesday Springfield House and 
the adjoining estate at Marland, which the 
corporation have acquired for the purposes of 
a sanatorium. Mr. S. S. Piatt, the borough 
surveyor, showed in an explanatory statement 
that "the estate covers an area of 100 acres, 
and has been purchased for £12,500. The por- 
tion allocated to the purposes of a sana- 
torium comprises the mansion and a belt of 
land (including the gardens and plantation 
around), 15j acres in extent, the proportion of 
the purchase-money for this being £4,300. 
■The mansion will be adapted and used as an 
administrative block for the resident medical 
attendant, matron, and staff, and it is pro- 
posed to erect on the high land at the back 
of the mansion, and facing due south, two 
blocks of buildings for sanatorium purposes — 
one with thirtv-six beds for nursing cases, and 

Aug. 16, 1916. 



the other, with twenty-four beds, for con- 
valescent cases. With the sum spent in the 
purchase of the house and land, the nursing 
and convalescent pavilions, and alterations, 
lighting, water supply, and hirnishing. the 
total outlay is estimated at £13,980. Tlie 
purchase of the estate has be«u settled, but 
ihe work of adaptation and the erection 
of the pavilions is deferred till after the war. 
Ten acres of land, not required for sanatorium 
and joining up to Bolton Road, and another 
six acres above the mere, are available for 
the erection of houses, and fourteen other 
acres will be utilised as a pleasure ground. 

The Belgian Repatriation Fund (hon. sec, 
.Mrs. Francis Acland, Denison House, 
Vauxhall Bridge Road) is doing admirable 
work in building removable houses for the 
Belgians in Holland. Several thousands of 
these people were living in sheds and lofts. 
for which they were paying all they had in 
rent, when the Repatriation Committee' were 
asked to help in a rehousing scheme. Over 
£5.000 has been subscribed in this country 
for the purpose, the Belgian Relief Fund has 
■ given £22,000, and the King of the Belgians 
lias given £8,000. More than 200 houses so 
far have been built ; these are of wood in sec- 
tions, and at the end of the war they will 
be taken to pieces and transported to Bel- 
gium, where at least 18,000 houses have been 
destroyed by the Germans. The Belgians are 
delighted to resume home-life. Each house, 
complete with furniture and spare ties and 
bolts, costs from £100 to £105, and there is a 
great demand for many more. 

In the absence of Mr. E. J. Stead, county 
surveyor of Somerset, on military service, Mr. 
Gordon R. FoUard, the acting county sur- 
veyor, has issued the annual report of his de- 
partment, which states that the mileage of 
rural main roads in the county is 875.02. 
The expenditure on rural main roads 
for the year 1914-15 was £93,501, 
or £107-53 per mile, and on urban 
main roads, of which there are eighty-four 
miles, the expenditure was £12,410, or 
£152.102 per mile. On subsidised main roads, 
of which there are 41^ miles, contributions) 
■were made amounting to £3,841, or £92.69 per 
mile. Resurfacing improvement.s. which com- 
prised strengthening with local material and 
surfacing with Tarmac, were carried out at 
a cost of £2.851. towards which the Road 
Board contributed £1,071. The Board also 
contributed £1.500 towards surface tarring. 
The area of roads which was surface-tarred 
was 1.677,841 yds., the cost being £10,715. 
being at the rate of 1.53d. per super yard. 

A stone with the impress of two human feet 
cut out on it has been presented to the In- 
verness Museum by Mr. Maclennan, Aohna- 
loich, who found it in an old wall at Sheean, 
near Amulree. The feet are represented as 
having been encased in the old Highland skin 
shoe. . Rocks and stones with similar impres- 
sions aj'e not uncommon in the country. These 
"footprints" are supposed to indicate the 
place of inauguration of the petty kings and 
chiefs. The Lord of the Isles, according to 
an old MS., had to place his foot in a jirint 
of a man's foot cut out on a stone, to indi- 
cate that lie would walk in the footsteps of 
his father. 

Fellows of the Royal Golonial Institute are 
informed in their journal of a movement for 
tlie esta.bli.sliment of an, Artists' Rifles 
(O.T.C.) Branch of the Institute. A Regi- 
mental Assfxiiation of the Artists' Rifles has 
been formed for the purpose of bringing its 
members into closer touch with Imperial 
questions, and more especially of finddiig em- 
ployment in the various Dooninions and 
Colonies for men with capital and others at 
the teiTuination of the war. This association 
is desirmi-s of establi^hi'ng a centre in Lon- 
don, w;hich can be used as a social meeting 
place for its members w-ho are frequently 
passing through London, and, under the piro- 
posed sche.m>e, accommodation will be jiro- 
v'ided- in the recently acquired property of 
the Royal Colonial Institute in Craven Street, 
Charing Cross, where tlie work of the Asso- 
ciation cam, be combined with that of an 
Art.ists' Rifles Brandi of the Institute. Al 
ready a considerable number of members of 
the regiment have applied for Fellowship of 
tlie Institute. 

The Bristol Gas Company announces a re- 
duction of twopence per thousand cubic feet 
on the price of gas for the current half-yeax, 
reducing the charge from 2s. 6d. to 2s. 4d. 
per 1,000 cubic feet. Tllie effect of tliis re- 
duction will be that quarteirly accounts due 
>Septemb<:r 30 will be charged at the reduced 
rate for the current quarter. The charges 
for prepayment meters wiLl be reduced pro- 
portionately. We understand the conditiioiial 
allowance of threepence pier 1,000 feet will be 
made to users for power purposes, and to 
those consmning half a million cubic feet and 
upwards per annum, as before. 

A gift to Rome has finally been made of 
the famous Niobid.e, the disputed ownership 
of which aroused much public interest. The 
statue was discovered eight years ago during 
digging operations executed on land belonging 
to the Banca Commerciale upon the site of 
the ancient Horti Sallustiani. Due notice of 
the find was given to the authorities, and the 
expert arch;eologists sent to examine the 
statue pronounced it a Greek original of ex- 
quisite workmanship and great value. Owner- 
ship was disputed by the municipality of 
Rome, whose claim was based upon Julius 
CiBsar's will, among other historic data, and 
the Banca Commerciale, the actual owners of 
the land. After many vicissitudes, the dis- 
pute has finally been settled by the bank's 
withdrawal of their claims, the Niobide thus 
becoming the property of the State. The 
statue will be added to the collection in the 
Museo delle Terme in Rome. 

The report for 1915-16 of the Board of 
Trustees gives the following among other 
additions to the National Gallery of Scot- 
la,nd : — Marble statue of Thomas Carlyle, by 
Sir J. E. Boehm, R.A., presented by Lord 
Rosebery ; tempera picture, " il'Sdonna 
Enithroned With Saints," by Cima da 
Coaiiegliano, presented by Miss Dove, 
Beauly ; oil picture, "Cromwell's Saints,'' 
by John Pettie, R.A., bequeatlied by Mr. 
•John Jordan, Edinburgh. The additions to 
the Scottish National Portrait Gallei-y in- 
cluded : — By Gift or Bequest. — Miniature 
bronze busts of King William IV. and Lord 
Brougham, by Samuel Pai'ker, presented by 
Mr. J. R. Findlay, of Aberlour ; oil portrait 
of Robert Louis Stevenson, by Count Nerli, 
bequeathed by Mrs. Turnbiill, Kelso; oil 
portrait of Sir George Harvey, P.R.S.A., by 
Robert Herdnian, R.S.A.. bequeathed by 
Miss Ellen Harvey, Edinburgh. By Pur- 
chase.-^Odl portr-aiits of Robert Henry Wymd- 
ham, actor, by Hugh CoUins; Dr. John 
Brown, author, by Sir William Fettes 
Douglas, P.R.S.A. ; and tihe Rev. Thomas 
Chalmers, D.D., by Sir Daniel Macnee, 
P.R.S.A.; bronze bust of Sir George Read, 
P.R.S.A., by P. Macgillivray, R.S.A. 

The forty-fifth aiumal report of the Local 
Governmemt Board on Housing and Town 
Planning, covering the twelve months end- 
ing March 31, 1916, states, t'hat, in accord- 
ance with an agreement arrived at with the- 
Treasury, sanotion waS' refused for loans for 
the piu'poses of fresh schemes, except in 
cases where the dwellings were lu'gently 
needed in connection with war requirements. 
This meant the postponement of schemes in 
a large number of cases, and involved a 
definite refusal to sanction loans amounting 
to £863,279 to seventy-five local autliorities 
for the purchase of land and the erection of 
3,397 houses. iSanctiion was given to the 
borrowing by twenty-four local authorities 
of sums amounting in all to £502,904 for the' 
purposes of Part III. of the Act. Of this 
£462,930 was required by six urban authori- 
ties for the purchase of appraximately 108 
acres of land and the erectiMi of 1,917 or teiiememts, and £34.303 by three 
rural district oouiiciLs for the purchase of 
some fourteen acres of land and tihe ewction 
of 154 IwMises. The rent proposed to be 
cliiarged varied from 4s. to 13s^ 6d. per week. 
In alii of these nine cases except one, where 
a .small loan, of £800 was sanctioned under 
special circirmstances to a rural district 
council early in the year, the houses to be 
provided were urgently wanted in connec- 
tion, with war requirements, and in several 
of tihean the schemes were the outcome of 
consultation with the local authorities con- 
cerned, undeitaken by the Board on behalf 

of the Admiralty or the Ministry of Muni- 
tions, wjio, in view of the extraordiiiai-y con- 
ditions and the aibnormally increased cost of 
building, secured grants from Imperial funds 
towards the cost, of the schemes. In one in- 
stance it was arranged that a firm of manu- 
facturers should contribute £10,000 towai^d.^ 
the cost of a scheme for the erection of 


The late Jlr. Edward Appleton, architect, 
of Torquay, left estate valued at £13,689. 

The corporation of Batley have applied to the 
Local Government Board for sanction to borrow 
£25.000 for the extension of the gasworks. 

The voluntary aid hospital at Newton Hall. 
Newton Abbot, is being extended from plans 
by Mr. F. Walford Locke, M.S.A., St. Paul's 
Road, Newton Abbot, 

Mr. S. Mitchell has resigned his position as 
surveyor to the East Kerrier Rural District 
Council, having received an appointment 
under the Norfolk County Council. 

The urban district council of Crompton have 
received sanction from the Local Government 
Board to the borrowing of £8,729 in respect 
to the sewering of High Crompton. 

The urban district council of Burry Port are 
endeavouring to obtain a Government grant 
towards the cost of building 200 houses for a 
permanent departmental staff and workmen. 

A new altar- and communion rails are to be 
jilaced in Stanground parish church. They 
have been designed by Sir Charles Nicholson, 
F.R.I.B.A., Bart., New Square, Lincoln's Inn. 

Dr. Philip Norman's collection of arohseolo- 
gical and topographical books, drawings, oil 
paintings, .and engravings, illustrative of Lon- 
don, realised £307 when sold the other day by 
auction at Messrs. Sotheby's. 

Ill 1915 the number of sanitary inspections 
made under the general supervision of the 
Medical Officer of Health for the City of Lon- 
don was 9,041. In connection with these 265 
orders wJre issued, 659 notices served, and 
1,556 improvements effected. 

The death took place at St. Annes-on-Sea on 
Monday in last week, after a short illness, of 
Mr. John Stanley Sawdon, engineer and sur- 
veyor to the urban district council. He was 
thirty-four yeai-s of age. and obtained his 
appointment at St. Annes in August, 1914, pre- 
viously to which he was for six years deputy 
surveyor at Margate. 

A new altar, composed of twelve different 
kinds of marble, has just been erected in St, 
Edward's Roman Catholic Church, Peverell. 
Plymouth, It is the gift of Mrs, Wilcocks, in 
memory of her late husband. Horace Stone "Wil- 
cocks, a convert from the Established Church, 
who was at one time vicar of ,St. James the 
Less, Plymouth. 

At a meeting of tlie shareholders of the North 
Sussex Gas and Water Company, held at the 
Board of Trade Offices, Carey Street, Lincoln's 
Inn, W.C., it has been unanimously agreed to 
sell the undertaking to the Horsham Rural Dis- 
trict Council for £2.500. The company was 
formed in 1905, and a winding-up order made 
in June, 1913. 

The scheme adopted by the Middle Ward 
of Lanarkshire for the erection of houses for 
munition workers at Cambuslang and Carmyle 
was rejected by tlie' Lanark County Council 
at their last meeting. The scheme was for- 
mulated by the committe.e at the request of 
the Minister of Munitions, who offered to pay 
25 per cent, of the estimated cost of £129,000. 

The Earl of Shaftesbury has obtained the 
hearty co-operation of the Bishop of Salis- 
bury in the scheme by which every village in 
Dorset shall have its own war memorial. 
There are the remains of about seventy muti- 
lated nifdiieval village crosses in tlie county, 
mostly erected by preaching friai-s. and Lord 
Shaftesbury proposes that these shall be re- 
stored, and that where there are none new- 
crosses shall be erected, as memorials to Dor- 
set men who have fallen. The proposal, how- 
ever, has already met with opposition, "' It is 
to be hoped," writes Mr, Edward C, Prior 
to the ilorninff Post, that better counsels 
may jirevail against the scheme for ' re- 
storing ' the ancient village crassea of Dorset 
as memorials of her gallant soldiers. An 
ancient cross will no better bear restoration 
than an ancient statue, and it would be an 
obvious perversion of taste to use the form of 
a preaching cross for the purposes of memorial 



Aug. 10, 1910. 

The StatH' of Now \\>rk lias I'Xju'ncU'd tliirin^ 
llio piist M'vcntit'ii wins i«or £18.000.000 
stprliiiK upon tho construction of iiiipi'ovi'il 

Thp urbun district council of ('urli^l^■ liavo 
instructiMl tlioir surveyor, Mr. L. I.. liiiUlwiii, 
to report ujion a proposal to build liouscs at 
Wliitw ick. 

Till- Local f!overnni<>nt Board for Ireland 
linvo sanctioned the lii>rro\ving of £3.300 hy 
the Killarnev Rural District t'ouncil for the 
ere<"tiini of workin^'n's cottii^'cs. 

The new sanatorium Iniilt li.v the Hull Cor- 
poration on the C'otlinL'hiini Castle estate at 
a cost of £25.238, has iieen forinall.v opened. 
The plans were prepared b.v Mr. J. Ilirsi, 
the city ardiilect. 

The Secretar.v of State for India has appointed 
Messrs. Frederick John de Souza. .\bdul Uahiin. 
and Re;;inald Charles Bonnaud to be assistant 
engineers in the Indian I'ublie Works and State 
Railway Department. 

Mr. P. M. Crostllnvaiite. an inspector of the 
Local Government Bo.ird. held an inquirv at 
Porthcawl yesterday (Tuesday) into an apjdica- 
tion by the urban district council for sanction 
to borrow £1.790 for works of sewcr.Tgc. 

At a meetinf; of the Special Street Improve- 
inent Committee of the Bradford Corporation it 
has been decided to postpone the town plan- 
ning scheme for two months to enable the Ship- 
ley District Council to prepare their scheme. 

The Mulling-ar Rural District Council are 
making: application to the Local Government 
Board for Ireland for sanction to a supplemen- 
tal loan of £2,500, for the completion of the 
sewerage works now in course of construction. 

It was decided by the Pontypool urban dis- 
trict council at their last meeting to adopt a 
town-planning scheme in conjunction with a 
resolution passed two years ago, respectini; the 
erection of 100 working-class houses in the 
urban area. 

It is exjiectcd that after many years of effort 
the great cantilever bridge at' Quebec, the 
largest in the world, and the last link in the 
great tran.scontinenIal railway system between 
the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, will be 
finished in September. 

The Bournemouth Corporation have ap- 
pointed Mr. Edward Wemhridge Ingamells 
(district surveyor for the suburb of South- 
bourne) to the position of deputy surveyor and 
borough engineer. Mr, H. Homewood". of the 
engineer's department, has been appointed to 
the position of district surveyor of South- 

Second Lieutcnaat Alexander M'Donald, 
Kinir's Own Scottish Borderers (killed in action 
on July 30), joined the Glasgow Highlanders 
as a private on the outbreak of war, and 
received a commission in the K.O.S.B. in Sep- 
tember, 1915. He was the only son of the late 
Mr. A. B. M'Donald, Glasgovv Citv Engineer, 
and was liimself a partner in a Glasgow firm 
of solicitors. 

Official intimation has Ijcen received by his 
mother, who resides in Graham Street,' Air- 
drie. of the death in action of Sec. -Lieut, An- 
drew Danskin Aitken, R.E, (T.), .A,R.I.B,A. 
He joined the Royal Institute of British Ar- 
chitects as an Associate in 1906, having 
previously been a student, and was in jiractice 
in Bank Street, Airdrie. He enlisted in the 
local engineer force in January. 1 916, at 
Coatdyke, reoeivirig his commission in the 

New building by-laws for the urban district 
of Skegness have been approved by the Local 
Government Board, reported Mr. R, H, Jen- 
kins, surveyor to the council, but the final pro- 
ceedings have been postponed on account of 
the war. These provide for the optional uso 
of tlie intercepting trap in the case of drains 
connected to the public sewer. There need 
also be no greater thickness under new by- 
laws than 9 ins. for the walls of dwelling- 
houses, whatever should be the length. 

An addition has been made to the historical 
paintings in the Palace of Westminster by the 
gift of the late Sir John Gilbert's fine canvas 
depicting the meeting 'between King Hein'y 
VIII. and Francis I. of France on " 'The Field 
of the Cloth of Gold.'' The donor is Mr. .\lfred 
Bird. M.P.. who, not long ago, presented the 
oil painting representing the escape of the five 
members when threatened with arrest by 
Charles I., which now occupies a panel in St. 
Stephen's Hall. Mr. Bird's latest gift has been 
placed over the new stairs leading down to the 

Mr. George Henry Walker, of Woodlield, 
Stalvbridj^f, public works contractor, who died 
on June 24, has left an estate of £50,592, 

It is understood that the forthcoming Bengal 
Fine .-^rt Exhibitioti will be held in fiie new 
museum building at Darj<'eling, and will pro- 
bably be opened on SeiJtember 23. 

The rural district council of Ni'whaven have 
ret-eived sanction from the Local Goverimient 
Hounl to borrow £4.050 towards the <-t>st of 
the improvement scheme for the Newhaven-to- 
Seaford road. 

Rifleman Leonard G. Burden, who was 
killed in action on July 1, at the age of 18. 
was th*' st-epson of Mr. A. J. Batley, F.A.A.. 
accountant of the National FrtH'hold Land anil 
Building Society. 

Last year 20.618 cartloads of street sweepings 
and slops, and 58,441 cartloads of house and 
trade refuse — ^a tot-al of 79.059 loads, comjiared 
with 75,960 loads — were removed by the sani- 
tar.v staff of the City of London Corporation, 

Mr. George Lee, assistant county surveyor, 
Galway, ha3 been a]ipointe<l county surveyor 
for the Eastern Division of the County of Gal- 
way, Mr. Michael A. Martin. Portumna. h:i^ 
been elected to fill the tenijiorary appointiiient 
of assistant county surveyor for the W<'stern 
Division of Galway in place of Mr. Lee. 

The flagstaff which rides from the Victoria 
To^\er at the House of Lords end of the 
Houses of Parliament will shortly have a for- 
midable rival at Kew. It is a huge forest tree 
which has been felled and striped by the 
Government of Britisli Columbia and sent over 
hero as a national gift. It is some 275 ft. in 
length, and is now lying in the gardens. 

Colonel Davidson, of the Liveri:)ool Scottish, 
is in liospi'tal in Manchester, liaving been 
wounded in the fighting on the Western front. 
Colonel Davidson took over command of the 
Liverjiofjl Scottish in 1914. He joineil the regi- 
ment 'in 1900 as a private, and rose rapidly to 
tic ]'osition of major. He was matle lieu- 
tenant-colonel in 1915, having gone out with 
the Scottish in the previous year. In civil life 
before the war he was Chief Liverpool Water- 
works Engineer. 

The death of Colonel Arthur Moffatt Lang. 
C.B. , late Royal (Bengal) Engineers, an Indian 
Mutiny veteran, occurred at Guildford on Sun- 
day in last year in his 84th year. Colonel 
Lang's exploits in the Indian Mutiny, when 
he was recommended for the V.C. and four 
times mentioned in despatches, are recorded 
in Lord Roberts's book, " Forty-one Years in 
India" and in the "Life of General Sir Alex- 
ander Taylor." He afterwards Became Prin- 
ei]ial of Rurki Engineering College, Deputy 
Insjiector-General of Fortifications, and chief 
engineer in ' Beluchistan, Burma, and tlie 
North-West Provinces, He retired in 1888, 

The town council of Richmond, Surrey, con- 
sidered at their last meeting a report of the 
committee on a proposal to burn the refuse of 
the town in a dust destructor to be erected on 
the works of the main sewerage board at Mort- 
lake. The report stated that the engineer to 
the board, Mr. W. Fairley. estimated the total 
capital expenditure to be provided by the cor- 
poration for buildings, machinery and plant at 
£12.500. and the total estimated annual cost to 
the corporation at £1,412. The corporation now- 
paid to contractors, for removal by rail. 7.600 
tons at 4s. 6d. per ton. £1,710. and on present 
war conditions the scheme showed an estimated 
saving to the corporation of £298 a year, and 
on pi'e-war conditions an increased cost of £177 
a year. After much discussion the question 
was referred back to the committee with in- 
structions to obtain further information, and to 
prepare an alternative scheme, 

Mr. John Willmot. county surveyor of War- 
wickshire, in his annual report for 1915. as 
other county surveyors have done, points out 
that a considerable reduction in expenditure 
characterised last year's work, owing to labour 
and transit difficulties. The cost of mainten- 
ance per mile was £90.9, being £21,4 h'.ss than 
last year and £32.6 less ])er mile than in 1913; 
34.494 tons of material for road work were 
hauled for the council at an average cost of 
10.6d, per ton per mile, the average price for 
a horse, man, and cart per day being 8s. 5d. 
The n umber of tons of road metal rolled in per 
day iby the steam rollers was 21 ; the cost of coal 
per day used for each roller averaged 5s. 8d., 
and the cost of rolling per ton of stone con- 
solidated was 3,8d, 'Some 909,600 super 
yards of road surfaces were tar-dressed in 
the county last year at a cost of £1.092 19s. 
The number of super yards covered per gallon 
of tar was 6.6, and the cost per super yard 
was l,30d. 


We do not liold ourbclvcs responsible for the opinioMi 
of our corresiiondents. All communications ehonlA 
be drawn up as briefly &s possible, as tbere arc 
many clainiantu ujon the space allotted to 

It i> part/icularly requested that all drawings and. 
all communications resitecting illustrations or literaiir 
matter. b'X)k8 for review, etc., should be addressed, 
to the Editor of ttie Building News. Efllngham 
House, I, Arundel Stjeet, Strand. W.C, and not to 
members ot the staff by name. Delay is not infre- 
quently otherwise caused. All drawings and other 
communications are sent at contrilmtors" risks, and 
the Editor will not undertake to pay for, or be liable 
for, unsought contributions. 

When favouring us with drawings or photographs,, 
architects are asked kindly to stale liow long iht 
building has been erected. It does neitheir them nor 
us much good to tllustrat* buildings which have been- 
tome time executed, except under special circum- 

".•Drawings of selected competition designs, im- 
portant public and private buildings, details of old. 
and new work, and good sketches are always wel- 
come, and for s'jch no charge is tnartc for insertion. 
Of more commonplace subjects, small churches, 
chapels, houses, etc. — we have usually far sen* 
than we can insert, but are glad to do so when space 
permits, on mutually advantageous terms, which 
may be ascertained on application. 
Telephone; Gerrard 1291. 
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A few bound volumei of Vols. XXXIX., XLI.,. 

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Nolens.— Yes. 

I'rzzLED. — So are we ! 

Practical. — 1. Glazed r.toneware. 2. About f; ins. 3^ - 
No; if the soil slips, the clay joint falls alto- 

L. ;m. — There ar^ a good ftiany instances of deflec- 
tion of axis between nave and choir in tl i^ 
country, and jKime on tJie continent. Whitiiv 
Abbey, Bridlington Abbey, St. Mary's Church 
(Oxford), and Lichfield (Cathedral are notable 
Oliver. — The subject of drainage by <].en 
instKid of closed soil pipes has been often dis- 
cussed in tliese jiages. .\s fruitfully as at any 
other time on Jiages 77, S2, 122, 150, 17(5. 201, 432, 
455, DO!i. and 500 of Vol. XXXIV., following; an 
intere.stins .ind full account by the late Mr. R. 
Norman Shaw of the sjstem he had devised anil 

1 ^•^ * 

On the ground of economy, Sunday opening 
of the National Gallery of Scotland bae been, 
suspended during the war. 

Lieutenant Dan Hughes, of the Gordon 
Highlanders, has 'been reported " wounded 
and missing." He is the youngest son of Mr. 
Samuel Hughes, secretary and manager of the 
Llandudno Pier Co., Limited, and gave up his 
position as assistant electrical engineer at 
Llandudno in the early days of the war to 
enlist in the ranks of the Gordon Highlanders. 
He quickly rose to the rank of sergeant, and 
before be was offered his commission saw a 
good deal of hard fighting in France. 

August 23, 1916. 

Volume CXl.-No. 3216. 




Effing-ham House. 

Currfnte Calamo Hw 

llistoric Architfcture — Gothic. Rciiaiifsym-e. 

and Modern ins 

Australian Orn:iiHL-iital Tinihers 17(1 

Road Reinforctimtnt 171 

Ohituary 171 

Building Intelligence 186 

Trade Xotes 186 

Correspondence 187 

Water Supply and Sanitary Matters .. .. ISS 

I'rofessional and Trade Societiep 188 

Our OHiee Table 188 

Trade Movements 189 

dnxvtntt Calamo. 

We are glad to note that Mr, John 
Bunis, Sir Aston Webb, and others who 
Iielped to save us from the perpetuation 
of the South-Eastern Railway Company's 
hideous bridge over the Thames at 
Charing Cross are keeping up the " great 
push " which we must all put our shoul- 
ders to if we want the river spanned at 
an eaj-ly date by a really sightly bridge 
of sufficient capacity to serve the daily- 
growing needs of London. A meeting of 
the Parliamentary Art Committee was 
held at the House of Commons last Wed- 
nesday evening, at which the Earl of 
Plymouth presided. Mr. John Burns 
tersely recounted the history of the defeat 
—in spite of the House of Lords— of the 
subtle and spurious attempt of the South- 
Eastern Railway Company to snatch a 
new lea'se of life for its bridge, but not 
to widen it, or in any other way to .in- 
crease its sufficiency as a public conveni- 
ence. The rejection by the House of Com- 
mons of the railway comjiany's Bill was 
practically the voicing of universal public 
feeling in favour of the relegation of 
Charing Cross Station to the Surrey side 
■ if the Thames, and the provision of access 
thereto, and that of all others of a really 
noble biidge capable of carrying all the 
traffic for years to come. Sir Aston 
Webb well emphasised the reality of the 
demand from the point of view of public 
interest, and the matter w^as discussed at 
considerable length. It was determined to 
convene another meeting after the Par- 
liamentary recess, when we hope to be 
able to announce that a resolution unani- 
mously in favour of the scheme has been 


Cllips 180 

To Correspondi-iits l!ll) 

Latest Prices ix. 

To .\rms . . . . . . . . X. 

List of Tenders Open x. 

Tenders xii. 


Central Station Hotel, Glasgow. Sir R. EowanJ 
-4nderson. LL.D., F.R.S.E., F.E.LB.A., Hoyal 
Gold .Medallist 1916. Architect. 

Thornhill Asylum. Bamford, for the DerbjshJre 
County Council. Front elevational view and 

Strand, W.C. 

general main plan. Block plan showing lay-out 
of the whole scheme and contours of the very 
varied levels. Details of the Bath Houses, with 
plans and sections. Messrs. Everard, Son, and 
Pick, Architects. 
Historic .Architecture — Gothic. Renaiesance. and 
Modern. Fountains .\bhey, Yorkshire, a.d. 1147; 
Interior of Hospital, Ourscamp Monastery, 
France : Detail of the Chapel of the Riccandi 
Palace, Florence, by Michelozzo, a.d. 1430 : Door- 
way of Sala de Gigli in Palazzo Vicchio, Flo- 
rence, by Benedetto da Majano; Chateau of Che- 
maze, France : View of Tower. 

One of the principal objections' raised 
against tlie use of concrete finished floors 
IS the difficulty and cost of successfully 
rej>airing jdaces that have become worn 
or damaged. For best results, it is usually 
considered necessary to cut down the worn 
place at least 1^ in. into the unbroken 
concrete, under-cut the edi;es, clean out 
the dust and loose particles thoroughly, 
wash with a thin cement grout, till in with 
a paste grout, and finally float to a level 
surface a mortar of cement and crushed 
stone or gravel. The patch must then be 

kept moist for at least a week or ten days, 
keeping all traffic off in the meantime. 
W. P. Anderson, president of the Ameri- 
can Ferro Concrete Construction Com- 
pany, states that his company often uses 
a method of patching concrete floors which 
is much cheaper and requires far less time 
than that commonly used.' Mr. Ander- 
son's method requires the use of a mastic 
material made from a mixture of asbestos 
fibre and rubber gum. This mixture is 
applied with a trowel after thoroughly 
cleaning the damaged surface. Very little 
cutting of the old concrete is necessary, 
other than to break off loose particles. 
The gum can be worked to a feather edge, 
so that it will readily join witJi the un- 
damaged concrete surface and eliminate 
the under-cutting required witli the old 
style of patch. A patch of this sort can 
be opened to foot traffic within a few hours 
and to heavy traffic within a day or so. It 
is thus possible to repair a much-used por- 
tion of a mill or factory floor almost over- 
night. The cost varies with the size of the 
jjatch, but amounts to from 8d. to 9d. per 
square foot. 

Mr. H. Kemp Prosser, w'ho is respon- 
sible for the designs of the two interiors 
in the French play " Labergette " at the 
Garrick Theatre, thinks that people who 
wish to retain their vitality and nor- 
mality in war-time should avoid certain 
colours. " Cardinal red," he told a Daily 
Chronicle representative who sought some 
light on the question of his colour ideas, 
" is' the symbol of murder, hate and 
cruelty. Sage-green means vileness, and 
brown decay. Lemon-yellow, on the other 
hand, suggests to people who are sensi- 
tive to colour influence, light and life. 
That is why he suggests that this colour 
slumld dominate colour schemes in hos- 
pitals and homes for wounded soldiers. 
In his Peace and Rest Room at Chelsea, 
for soldiers, the symbolical colours used 
were lemon-yellow, mauve, sapphire, tur- ' 
quoise, and blue. A golden piano was 
draped with a lemon-yellow curtain on 
which were embroidered a dove bearing 
tlie omlilem of peace, an Egyptian symbol 
expressing the Keys of Life, and a. white 
rose, emblem of power and silence. Beau- 
tiful lamps repeated the colours blue, 
mauve and turquoise. Mr. Kemp Prosser 
looks foi'ward to a lia))py day when the 

theatre-going public will be so well edu- 
cated, speaking in terms of colour, that 
they will ask for a performance of 
Wagner's "Ring" in colour vibrations. 
"The most important point," he empha- 
sises, " is that the public shall be accus- 
tomed to the vigorous major colours, or 
l^rimary colours, and not to the minor 
colours, which are decadent and ener- 
vating. " 

" What is good for a bootless bene? " 
All kinds of people have been stirred to 
inquiry by an appeal which, starting with 
these words and designed ap2)arently by 
a bishop's chaplain of some ingenuity, has 
been appearing this week among the ad- 
vertisements in the Manchester (ruanlian. 
Why "a bootless bene," it is asked ; and 
what has the foundress of Bolton Abbey 
to do with funds for a new church in the 
West Country ? Well, many thousands 
of tramjiers through Wharfedale ouglit to 
be able to answer these questions, and 
many more who have never seen Bolton 
Abbey will recall Wordsworth's poem on 
"The Force of Prayer." The original 
site of the Abbey was at Embsay, between 
Bolton and -Skipton, and the popular 
tradition is that the widowed daughter of 
the foundress, having lost her son 
through an attempt to jump the Strid. 
the well-known striding-place of the gorge 
thi'ough which the Wharfe runs below 
Barden Bi'idge, removed the priory tO' 
Bolton. " What is good fur a bootless 
bene? " (" bene '' being Early English for 
prayer) the falconer asked of the lady; 
or, as Wordsworth has it : " Whence 
can comfort spring when prayer is of no 
avail?" And she made answer, "End- 
less sorrow," for- she knew that her 
young Romilly, in leaping the Stiid, had' 
been caught by the leash of his greyhound 
and thrown into the gorge. Nevertheless, 
she found solace in building the glorious 
priory ; and so, the phaplain suggests, 
may some mothers of our day by con- 
tributing to a church for soldiers and 

Of the many books of its kind, " Wel- 
fare Work," by Miss E. Dorothea Proud, 
B.A.(Adel.), published by Messrs. G. 
Bell and Sons, Ltd., Portugal Street, 
W.C, at 7s. 6d., is one of the most prac- 
tical we have read. Miss Proud, who 



Aug. 23, 1916. 

(jriuliiateil in Aiistrali;i, ha.s spent inanv 
years tlune luid here in the factories, and 
has served here on the Ministry of Muni- 
tions since its foundation. Her knowledge 
is theri-ri>re probably unique, and Mr. 
Lloyd George, in his foreword to her book, 
says it bids fair to become the standard 
work on its subject. The first part deals 
more esjiecially with the economic relations 
of the employer and the workman, and in- 
cludes an informative summary of the 
whole course and effects of our factory 
legislation. The second deals at con- 
siderable length with tlie constructioii of 
factories and their adjuncts. Several 
chapters are well worth the careful study 
of our own readers, because they reveal 
an intimate knowledge of the requirements 
of the workers, especially women workers, 
which architects and builders seem some- 
times to ignore. That, perhaps, is some- 
times pardonable, but we trust the archi- 
tect referred to on page 108 will not read 
the book without a blusli. Miss Proud, 
insisting rightly on the necessity of archi- 
tectural treatment of factory buildings, 
and denouncing the huge blocks of bla- 
tantly useful buildings with their long 
rows of hideous saw -toothed roofs, says it 
is difficult to understand why architects 
do not insist more empliatically on the 
importance of their art. One architect, 
she declares, responsible for several 
Northern factories, frankly admitted he 
had not planned to make them beautiful, 
though many improvements could have 
been effected without extra cost ! 

An impression prevails among some 
engineers and a good many ignorant 
people that beauty of design and utility 
cannot go togetlier. This is simply pre- 
judice, the result of ignorance and defec- 
tive mental training. In the earlier 
days of machine building, before the con- 
bcruction had become a science through 
st'idy of Its underlying principles, it was 
the custom to employ architectural forms, 
those being the forms with which 
designers of machines were already 
acquainted, and very beautiful these 
adaptations of classic and Gothic features 
were thought to be. As, however, the 
unfitness of these forms to resist and 
transmit mechanical stress and to per- 
form the various functions which are 
demanded came to be perceived, and the 
necessity for entirely new forms designed 
to meet a new class of requirements and 
for freedom in such new designs, untram- 
melled by the attempt to retain old forms 
in any degree, came to be realised, all the 
once fancied beauty of such forms in con- 
struction disappeared. With ourselves it 
has been to some extent tlie same. But 
as the really able architect knows that 
mere cipyism is fatal to beauty of design, 
so the machine builder may take it for' 
certain that there is in the very needs and 
capabilities of his constructions the 
indications of forms that shall pleasingly 
typify their capacity for strength and 

> »•» ( 

Never mark with white clialk on fini^ieil 
cast-iron surfaces. The chalk will rust the iron 
and will persist for years after all ti'aces navo 
been apparently wiped oft. 


I'ive years ago we reviewed the opening 
vidumes of the American univi-rsal 
" Histiiry of Arcliitecture," by the late 
Uussell Sturgis, marked by research, 
thoroughness and scholarly treatment. 
The second book was devoted to the 
Ht^manesque and the Oriental styles, in- 
cluding tliose of Japan and the Far East. 
The scheme, dealing with the architecture 
of the world, was a stujjendous one in its 
entirety, but, owing to his death, its 
author was actually responsible only for 
the jiair of volumes just menlione<l. 
Nevertheless, his initial project has been 
generally adhered to, and the delay wliich 
has occurred in consequence of his decease 
in 1909 was not lessened by the fact that 
his last treatise did not leave the jn'ess 
during his lifetime. The promoters sub- 
sequently placed his preparatory study 
as drafted for the final finishing of the 
work in the hands of Mr. A. L. Frothing- 
ham. some time Asso.ciate Director of the 
American School at Rome and assistant 
to Mr. Sturgis. The concluding pair of 
weighty and well-produced volumes re- 
cently issued have at last come to hand. 
Instead of attempting to compress into a 
single book his digest of the Gothic and 
Renaissance periods, the new editor 
decided to extend the formula of these 
styles by handling them more fully in 
detail than was originally proposed. Not- 
withstanding this amplification, much of 
the material remains, liowever, necessarily 
very much abridged ; and, comprehensive 
as the choice undoubtedly has been, we 
recognise that first-hand acquaintance 
with types and individual examples is, in 
not a few cases, conspicuous by its ab- 
sence. Any selection of the kind, however 
judicious, after all, is goverened by pre- 
dilections which prevail quite irrespec- 
tively of a knowledge of the science of 
building construction upon which ulti- 
mately so very much must depend. It is, 
therefore, only common fairness to Mr, 
Frothingham to add that he claims to 
have departed from the synopsis laid 
down by Mr. Sturgis. who. it will be re- 
membered, was a practical architect and 
a Fellow of the American Institute of 
Architects, for the sake of students and 
others who need something more than a 
dry digest. 

The four volumes are all <^opiously 
illustrated. The final pair contain 853 
blocks, which are interspersed among 732 
pages of letterpress, exclusive of the index 
to the whole set. 

The publishers are Messrs. Doubleday, 
Page and Co., of New York, the London 
agents for the Ignited Kingdom and the 
Colonies being Messrs, B. T. Batsford, 
Limited, of High Holborn. The net price 
is £1 5s. per volume. The third part of 
the history deals with Gothic architecture, 
commencing with the Mediieval buildings 
of France, the cradle of the style. These 
are well described in capable sequence, 
with knowledge of the evolution of vault- 
ing, piers, buttresses and groinings, 
windows and doorways, and other essen- 
tial details, treated according to a pre- 
ference for the scientific canons of build- 
ing proportions, adopting Mr. Goodyear' s 
conceptions as regards the optical refine- 
ments of design, and the consequent use 
of rudimentary diagrams based on the 
circle and triangle in geometrical sym- 
metry. These methods are attractive to 
theorists and somewhat speculative. 
About their practical value as compared 
with an intuitive sens? of proiiortinn ind 
form, architects will differ. Working de- 
signei-s engaged on actual buildings are 
not likely to adopt such premises as the 

sources of the triumph of constructional 
skill of the master masons of the Middle 
-Vges. Not seldom tradition and the rule 
of thumb determined what was achieved 
The illustrations are culled from well 
known and chieUy foreign authorities, tlie 
majority by jdiotography. The drawings 
and isometrical diagrams reprixlucel 
mostly come from Viollet le Due, Michel. 
Knlarts, Curlitt, Dehio and Choisy, but 
no quotations enrich the Jjages, all docu- 
mentation is avoided, and no bibliography 
is attached. Eighty-three pages are allo- 
cated to descriptions of the rise and pro- 
gression of traditional design, followed by 
a terse account of local schools, tinishini; 
off with the later Gothic styles. Th-? 
fourteenth century in France was a perioil 
of arcliiteclural nullity, according to Mr. 
Frothingham, on account of the wars with 
England, the British occupation, and sub- 
sequent internal chaos among all classes. 
Lender the heading of " Military Archi- 
tecture," the citadel of Mont St. Michel, 
the restored chateau of Pierrefords, anrl 
the Donjon of Coucy are figured from 
Viollet le Due, but Professor Frothini: 
ham starts his remarks upon this class 
of building work by excluding the greater 
l)art of the products of military character 
because they were due to the art of war, or 
defence and offence, and he qualifies this 
type of Work as merely engineering, and 
deserving no place in his history of archi- 
tecture. The fanciful, but now incom- 
plete, castle of Menun-sur-Y^vres, de- 
signed by the aiThitect Guy de Dam- 
martin, is represented intact from a 
fifteenth-century miniature from the 
" Heures V of the Due de Berri. This 
chateau is naively described as " a per- 
fectly charming composition, making little 
pretence at militan- architecture" — as if 
that mattered ! — and so it is chosen as 
typical of •'architecture as an art"; but. 
architecture is essentially the mistress art 
of all, and so capable erf providing for 
all requirements. The definition is 
supplied on page 154 by way of 
introducing this branch of a big subject 
lier^ so sparsely considered. We sup- 
pose the fortified churches of the South 
of France are to be regarded as outsid.- 
the pale of architectural art, and 
merely worthy of note as examples of 
sober brickwork or masonry displaying \i 
sense of mass, and consequently more the 
product of engineering. The charming 
stronghold churches of Dalmatia escape 
all notice so far jis we can find. The 
cathedral of Albi is reckoned as structur- 
ally interesting, while the Papal Palace 
at Avignon becomes historically so be- 
cause of its capacity to resist raids and 
attacks of freebooters, as well as the siege ' 
by Benedict XIII. in 1398. We fail to ' 
grasp such distinctions as these between 
architecture and artistic building, be- 
cause, as a matter of fact, the greatest 
engineering triumphs of the past were 
mostly architectural triumphs of the best , 
art known to man. ^ 

The civil cmd monastic Ciothic buildings 
of France are not so fully described as 
the church work, but the editor appre- 
ciatively refers to the conventual enter- 
prise of the Cistercians, who arose in 
Burgundy and migrated to many parts 
of the Continent, carrying out splendid 
projects and influencing others in process 
of time, as exemplifietl by subjects Imr- 
rowed from Monum Hist, with selected 
cuts from Gurlitt, Choisy and Viollet le 
Due, but no first-hand drawing or 
specially-prepare<l sketches enliven these 
pages ; in the suggestive chapter which 
follows on the " Development of Gothic 
Detail." From Spain the works of our 
consummate draughtsman George Edmund 
Street are requisitioned in company with 
illustrations from Junghandel, Uhde, and I 


Aug. 23, 1916. 



Lfniiperez. Fresh jiliojiigraphs serve to 
elucidnt*; the writer's points and demon- 
strations. His inquiry extends beyond 
Spain, with Portugal's more , florid tra- 
ditions, whereby the platea-esque, so essen- 
tially Spanish, became intensified in its 
exuberance, which is often lost in the 
brilliant sunshine and deep shadows as 
well as by tile massing of wallings. It 
is not so much the elaboration of oma- 

-ment as the breadth of monumental con- 
ception which constitutes the difierence 
between good and bad arcliitecture. En- 
richment is not essential to noble propor- 
tion or the vitality of splendid building. 
The Portuguese subjects dejjend in this 
"History" on Watson's examples and 
the German UKde's photographs. The 
mediseval architecture of Italy is illus- 
trated mainly by camera -prints, and the 
subjeet is interestingly described in a 
chapter of fifty pages, but without much- 
needed plans. There is, however, a 
photographic view of the 16th Century 
wooden model of St. Petronio, Bologna. 
as originally planned by Antonio di 
Vincenzo in 1390, exhibiting his scheme 
towards the apsidal end of the church. 
We regret that the photograj)h is a very 
poor one. It depicts the part never 
erected, and so is useful, but out of focus. 
This building was intende<:l to ibe over 
600 ft. long in ''Native Italian Gothic," 
and, if built, would have been unique in 
Italy. The nave only as far as the 
transeptal openings was carried out, and 
of this an interior photograph appears 
on the following page. It affords a strik- 
ing contrast to Milan Cathedral, a com- 
panion subject, but as there is no plan 

'of either, comparison is hardly possible. 
North European Gothic architecture of 
the Netherlands and the massive brick 
tc«ers of Holland, such as the Dutch 
church at Veere or the ruin of Leeuwar- 
den, do not appear to have received such 
sufficient attention as might reasonably 
have been looked for. The Scandinavian 
cathedrals of Trondhjem and Linkoeping 
in Norway are indifferently represented, 
while Germany with its attentuated 
Gothic has furnished very few fresh 
examples shown in Mr. Frothingham's 
pages. An enclyclop£edic work of this 
kind must, of course, illustrate many 
familiar subjects, but too much reliance 
has been placed on interlarding blocks 
from Handbuch, Essenwein, Michel, and 
Joseph. Their books may not be available, 
however, to every young architect and art 
student. The absence of plans is a funda- 
mental oversight in every section of tlie 
treatise, and this omission detracts from 
the value of this history. This remark 
specially applies to the particulars fur- 
nished with regard to English mediaeval 
buildings, for they out-distanced all 
countries except France. No doubt the 
extension of the influence of British archi- 
tecture owed jnuch to our political pre- 
ponderance during the Early Transitional 
and Middle Pointed periods, combined 
with England's native artistic achieve- 
ments and constructive vitality, which was 
emulated, but not surpassed, by our neigh- 
bours and in other lands. The writer 
admits that we worked out the Gothic 
style in our own way, and he says many 
useful and suggestive things about our 
work, and yet he seems hardly to realise 
to what extent, and is doubtful as to the 
precise manner of our success in archi- 
tectural accomplishments. During the 
Piomanesquc era no doubt the English had 
erected sfjme of the largest and most 
sumptuous structui-es in the -world, and 
she entered the Middle Ages of building 
with a very splendid inheritance. Hence- 
forward diversity distinguished England's 
national peculiarity instead of unifor- 
mity; differing local schools of masons or 

traditional methods, as so well emphasised 
by I'rofessoi- I'rior, insured much of this 
diversity. Older work, too, was incor- 
porated here and there with the new. The 
French, on the other hand, pulled down 
old buildings bodily to make way for now 
ones, whereas we retained ancient fabrics 
or partly concealed them, as it were, with 
a new dress by eJicasing them with addi- 
tional masonry. Chichester, Winchester, 
and Gloucester are instances in point, 
while in this way the planning and pro- 
portions of these cathedrals became indi- 
vidualised. Salisbury alone among Eng- 
lish churches of like proportions was built 
in one style. Fountains Abbey, othei-wise 
fairly uniform in style, had a nave in- 
tended to be roofed in timber, as happened 
with other monastic churolies, but its 
aisles were crowned with ribbed vaulting. 
This vast Yorkshire abbey might de.serve 
to have the plan of its church shown to 
a more reasonable scale. The little block, 
about the size of a postage stamp, is 
copied from Bond's book on Gothic archi- 
tecture, and it measures only four-fifths 
of an inoli wide to show its almost unique 
eastern transepts of nine altai^s. This 
trifling plan can give no conception of the 
splendid proportions of the interior of this 
abbey church, and the mechanical dia- 
grams scattere<l about these books to show 
other buildings bear little relation t« the 
subjects which the3' are said to illustrate. 
The adroitness of these chic delineations 
gives such "cuts" a spurious value, but 
they are often most misleading. In this 
category we do not include drawings by 
Bond or Boll. Dehio is mechanical and 
out of date in draughtsmanship generally. 
The Renaissance of Italy, a very big 
subject, is concisely discussed within 
twenty-three pages, affording no space fur 
even a brief sketch of the exuberant 
architects of the Italian schools, specially 
in reference to their natural bent in 
the direction of Classical ideals. The 
palaces of their cities are rather more 
fully treated, followed by an informing 
essay on the ecclesiastical architecture of 
that beautiful country. In this chapter 
Sir Thomas G. Jackson, Bart., appears 
as an illustrator, and Schutz is also made 
to contribute. Much diversity is compre- 
hended by the " section " devoted to 
" Civic Architecture and Ornament," 
assorted here and there rather indis- 
criminately, merging at times suddenly 
into the Barocco, and followed by such 
examples as the Palazzo Mansi at Lucca, 
or the Palazzo del Grillo at Rome, two 
well-known and ty;3ical efforts of Rococo 
florid extravagances. " Book XV." is 
devoted to the story of the growth of the 
Renaissance beyond the confines of Italy, 
from whence arose inspiration in all other 
parts of Western Europe. Each country 
certainly possessed distinct phases of its 
own constituted on architectural ideals 
more or less local in manner and so com- 
paratively distinct in origin. These 
variants, however, were not so abrupt as 
the writer sometimes supposes. The 
French seldom, if ever, abdicated their 
national personality, and their Renaiss- 
ance movement cannot be described as 
tentative. They also combined sculpture 
with architecture in a wonderfully har- 
monious way, and perhaps the most com- 
plete example of this existed between 
Coujon and Lescot. To this association 
w'o have not noticed any allusion, and 
little appears to be said about the aspects 
of the broadly conceived development 
which led up to the Neo-classic, when the 
value of space composition was realised 
as the architects caught up the spirit of 
the Roman manner and the advantage 
of plain wall surfaces was recognised. 
Jean Bullant (1515-1578), at an earlier 
period, alone seems to have given this 

point its due signiticance. Mr. Frothing- 
ham has garnered his illustrations from 
Lubke, Geymiiller, Palustre, Gurlitt, 
Havard, Sadoux, as well as from Viollet 
1© Due, but he has not so much as men- 
tioned " The History of French Architec- 
ture from the Reign of Charles VIII. till 
the Death of Mazarin " (1494 to 1661), a 
work of the greatest value, by Mr. Re- 
ginald Blomfield, R.A., issued in 1911; 
and no reference whatever is made to 
the two learned and ably illustrated 
volumes on " The Ai-chitecture of the 
Renaissance in France, 1495-1830," by 
Mr. W. H. Ward, M.A. ; consequently 
the readers of this history are left unin- 
formed as to either of these helpful and 
scholarly authorities. France held its own 
and avoided most inordinate extremes, 
and when the exponents of the Neo- 
classicism arrived they were well-trained 
and equipped on academic lines, well- 
qualified to take advantage of a " living 
trunk on which to graft a stronger branch 
of Nec-hellenism." This development is 
exemplified by the spacious and well- 
known Hotel Lambert-Thorigny, in Rue 
St. Louis en File, Paris, a work which 
Louis Le Vau commenced in 1645. Its 
Classic facade in the charming court is 
marked by French finesse and much ele- 
gant refinement pervades the whole 
scheme, includuig a splendid staircase. 
In the United Kingdom the travelled 
aristocracy and rich bourgeoisie, as 
patrons of the art, encouraged the employ- 
ment of foreign craftsmen, or they in- 
duced English students and others to visit 
Italy to study buildings as models to copy. 
The story is too familiar to tell here, but 
we cannot refer the reader to this history 
for anything approaching a full account 
of the Renaissance in England, as the sub- 
ject is summarised in a concluding 
chapter of ten pages with illustrations 
from Mr. J. Alfred Gotch's standard 
books on the earlier phases of the style. 
Nothing appears, however, from " The 
Later Renaissance," by Messrs. John 
Belcher and Mervyn Macartney. 

The Renaissance of Germany, Spain, 
and Portugal is treated in a very cursory 
manner, and more abbreviated still is the 
account of contemporary (building at thi.s 
time in Belgium and Holland. Thirteen 
pages serve as a finale for the accom- 
jjlishment of a survey of the modern 
architecture of Europe. Great Britain 
and Ireland do not obtain any i-ecognition 
among the illustrations, and the 
•' Modern Revival of Classicism and Its 
More Recent Developments" seems 
crowded out. There is niucii to be said 
about the vast dimensions of such an 
enterprise, commencing with Egypt and 
Chaldea, and having for its goal the 
commencement of the twentieth century. 
To write sucn a history is beyond the 
capabilities of any pair of individuals, 
however thoroughly equipped ; but a vast 
amount of useful infoi-mation put for- 
ward in a very readable way will be 
found in this history, which will take its 
))lace in the Art Libraries of America and 
England. We have chosen some illus- 
trations which will enable our readers to 
judge of their excellence as photographic 
reproductions of typical examples. They 
starve also to show not only how diverse 
tlie subjects are, but their uniform merit, 
no matter what the style may happen to 
be. Mr. Batsford, the London agent for 
the publishers, arranged for the loan of 
the blocks sent over from New York to 
accompany this notice. 

>^ « 

Mr. M. Ci-eedon, contractor. Dublin, 13 
carrying out fibrous plastering and other works 
of im]jrovenient and repair to the p Irish 
church, Glenamaddy, Co. Galway. 



Aug. 23, 1916. 


l!.v 111.' Editor v( tlir I'liutiJimjf of tlio 

Ro.val Victorian Institute of Architects. 

The wide area over which tlicse ornamental 
timbers tirow and the variations in soil and 
rlimate which they experience i)roduce 
K'roater varieties than probably any territory 
of equal size in the northern hemisphere 
could show. These timbers we are treat- 
ing upon belong to the commonly known 
generic classes of both hardwoods and soft- 
woods, both being well intermi.\ed through- 
out Australia Both have suffered also from 
the devastation caused by unwise settlement 
or by bush fires, accidental or otherwise. The 
"hardwoods," we believe, survive bush (ires 
better than the " softwoods," and although 
large areas of forest lands are apparently 
devastated by bush fires, yet during the 
succeeding years the hardwood trees again 
put forth " the tender leaves of hope " over 
a blackened landscape, and after a short 
period ravages by fire become little more than 
a memory. In the case of "softwood " trees 
these ravages are almost irreparable. The 
position we have maintained as to the fire- 
resisting properties of Australian hardwoods 
is amply borne out by experience in the forest 
as well as in building construction. Dura- 
bility is a common characteristic of some of 
the softwoods and of some of the hardwoods. 
Many years ago it was pointed out to us that 
almost every " red " timber possessed the 
characteristic of durability. Red gum, jarrah, 
Californianpine, and red deal are typical. We 
must leave it to others to give the rea.son, but 
our experience confirms the accuracy of the 
general statement. Ornamental timbers are 
not as well known to the architect as they 
might be. On account of the small quantities 
of the rarer kinds on the market it is impos- 
sible to specify them with assurance of a 
good supply in larger contracts. Cabinet- 
makers have almost had a monopoly of the 
ornamental timbers, and even these timbers 
are subject to the vagaries of fashion. Thirty 
years ago cedar was all the rase for bank 
fittings and most articles of furniture. Huon 
pine was sought after for the better classes 
of softwood furniture, whilst to-day these 
timbers are almost unprocurable. Cedar 
from Richmond River, N..S.W.. was specified 
long" after the supply from that district bad 
" given out," and inferior cedars from other 
districts well-nigh brought this wood into 

One feature in common with the harder 
classes of ornamental timl^ers is their den- 
sity. This is decidedly of advantage to the 
polisher, who finds no necessity for the use 
of "stopping" when performing his part of 
the 'work. Gonseouently the grain is well 
brought out, and is quite natural. Stopping, 
for instance, in the case of cedar, or the bay- 
■wood used in England, consi.sts in filling the 
grain of timber which is of a uniform colour. 
With Victorian or Tasmanian myrtle, for in- 
stance, with its variegated colour, stopping 
wo\ild be simply disastrous. 

The density of timber is determined by 
obtaining the timbers from a certain portion 
of the tree. Victorian trees are usually so 
tall that their lensths are designated by the 
terms "butt," "first cut," and "toppings." 
The densest and finest-grained timber is pro- 
cured from the butt, especially in the case of 
" fiddleback " blackwood, ordinary boards, or 
scantlings from the first cut, whilst the 
softest or immature portion of the log is at 
the top. With judicious cutting on the 
"' Quarter," however, much better grained 
■timber may usually be obtained than often is 
th'"" case. " Grain " is desired in some in- 
stances, but not in others — flooring boards, to 


or beech (not, of course. European "beech "^, 
is one of our least-known timbers, of which 
the Panama bedroom suite was made. Its 
fieured deep pink, shading away to delicate 
sbell pink, and the white and nut brown, each 
illustrates the natural beauty of the wood 
when rut in the right manner. It is the first 
time this timber has been used in an impor- 
tant piece of furniture in Victoria, and its 
wonderful varietv more than warrants its 
selection by the State Public Works Depart- 
■ment as a special exhibit. The colour is per- 

U'ctly naliual, and nothing to tint it in any 
way has been used. Tliis tmiber was procured 
in the Donna Huang district, among the 
Evelyn Ranges of Victoria, a piece of c<junlry 
which is only just being opened up. Myrtle 
grows also in Tasm.mia, but is not yet on the 
market in commercial quantities. 

is one of our best-known commercial timbers, 
but for years the name was a by-word. Badly 
cut, worse seasoned, and worked up into fur- 
niture of poor design and inferior workman- 
ship, its ignominy seemed complete. Not 
even yet have sawmillers in the bushjearned 
the art of cutting timber for cabinet work. 
Consequently the logs are often ruined, as 
figuring and broad-grain fiddleback can only 
be obtained by Ijnowledge of the grain. 
-Much otherwise valuable timber is spoiled. 
This timber is procured from the southern 
parts of Victoria, but most of the best de- 
.scription is brought from Tasmania. This is 
a timber which architects in Victoria have 
recently used in the fittings of larger banks, 
council chambers, and churches. A jilaiuer 
type of grain on the quartering for frame 
work, and carved surfaces with " fiddleback " 
panels, gives the effects seen in some of the 
best buildings, which it would be hard to 
equal, and perhaps impossible to beat, in any 
part of the world. Sometmies "tortoise- 
shell " blackwood is found. It is used in the 
band of the Victorian blackwood table sent 
to Panama, and by its beauty it speaks for 

Blackwood — undoubtedly one of our best 
and most easily procurable timbers — unfor- 
tunately takes longer to season than most 
timbers. For this reason few of those in- 
terested keep sufficient stocks, consequently 
the difficulty of want of seasoning is some- 
times acute. In the Melbourne City Council 
Chamber, the dado framing was fixed months 
before the panel stuff could be obtained, 
although a constant searcli was made for this 
stuff all 'through Victoria and Tasmania. 
Blackwood should be stacked for seasoning 
exactly as hardwood flooring boards are 
stacked in the open air for eighteen months 
at least for every inch in thickness. No skill 
in constructing can neutralise the bad effects 
of ill-seasoning. We have two pieces of black- 
wood furniture under observation. They were 
made by two of the best firms in Melbourne 
some three or four years ago. The lid of a 
hall seat has shrunk considerably, and the 
clamped ends now project about a quarter of 
an inch from the front edge. A buffet sheif 
curved on plan is split at each end into 
separate pieces. If furniture specially made 
for an architect's home turns out as these 
articles bave turned out, how must the man- 
in-the-street expect to be served by the 
cabinet-making firms? 


is another of the best-known and most easily 
procurable of all our mountain timbers. It 
IS the tree whicli attains the greatest height, 
but it is certainly not so tail as some of the 
stories recording the heights. The trees are 
so tall that the stems snap off " somewhere " 
i)e,ar the tops. In after years the length of 
the faUen top is "computed " and added to 
the portion which remains. This gives the 
height of tlie tree as recorded, and nothing 
could be simpler, except the yarns about the 
height of the red pine trees of California. 
That the mountain ash is tail, straight, and 
without stems for the first hundred feet of its 
length give it without doubt a particularly 
fine appearance. In the remainder of its 
length (100 or 150 ft.) it throws off slender 
branches mostly with little lateral spread. 
Tliese trees usually grow close together, and 
sometimes many to the acre. Where trees 
grow close together they are usually tall, for 
each endeavours to rise into the clear sun- 
shine and free air above. On account of the 
ease of obtaining it, this tree has been shame- 
fully dealt with by settlers. The timber is 
straight grained, free from knots or gum 
veibs, aiid is obtainable in long lengths. 
This timber is of no use for carpentry work in 
exposed positions, and aJtliougli settlers have 
used it for fencing, it soon rots away at the 
ground line. Its proper use is in furniture : 
here it appears at its best. The sideboard for 
the Panama Exposition was obtained from 

thf Warburlun d. strict, where perliaps the 
finest timber of this aescription is procured in 
Victoria. The panelling of tlie dado in Ul6 
new room at tlie R.V.I. A. is also of this 
limber displayed upon ply backing. A slight 
" fuming " gives a richer appearance to the 
grain, although in our opinion some workers 
111 this timber " fume " loo much in order to 
obtain at once the appearance of old furniture. 
In the best timber the appearance of the 
grain is that of wide " fiddleback " (of course, 
at right angles to the length of the tree), 
while along its length variegated streaks 
(.■<ome four or five inches wide) give variety 
even to the " fiddleback." 

is the name of the hardwood grown in the 
luii'th-east corner of Tasmania, and is com- 
monly known as Tasmanian hardwood 
During recent years, however, the term " Tas 
manian oak "" has been frequently applied 
We rigorously protest against the use of this 
latter term, "it is not " oak " in any sense of 
the term, and its scientific name belies the 
suggestion. It is a eucalypt pure and simpl.'. 
and is obtained from various mills along th.' 
Soottsdale line. In the Victorian building 
trade it is best known in the form of 
"Crown," " Tamar," and "Standard" 
branded flooring boards. Some " fiddle- 
b.ack " stuff is of extraordinary beauty, and 
is obtained to a great extent by picking out 
from amongst the boards before putting thein 
•tjlirough the machine. The bookcases and 
other furniture in the institute rooms are of 
this richly marked timber, which it would 
be hard to beat. Figured timber is procur- 
able in larger sizes than 5-in. wide, but the 
Launceston merchants desire long notice for 
its selection where practicable. The bench 
ends in St. John's Church in Launceston 
show the use of this timber in large sizes. 
We understand that these merchants will not 
dispose of their timbers unless properly 
seasoned and as every board is branded, any 
violation of this rule would soon be sheeted 
home. They would be veritable fools if. 
having spent" many thousands of pounds in 
securiiK^ a market", they let it go through 
carelessness. Mantelpieces are now" largely 
made of this timber. A timber which seems 
to be a cross between Eucalyptus Delegaten- 
sis and Victorian mountain ash is grown in 
the Duck River district of Tasmania in the 
north-west of the island. This timber is 
branded "Duck River," and is best Known 
in its dressed form of floorings, linings, etc. 
A further supply of this description of timber 
is procured from the Burnie district, and is 
known under the "Platypus" brand. This 
N.W. and Burnie timber stands better m 
carpentry than the Victorian type. We have 
examined it after many years' extraordinary 
exposure, and scraping away the accretion of 
mossy growths, have found it quite sound. 
But "this is not quite the aspect with which 
we are dealing. We are concerned in this 
article with the timber as an ornamental 
timber, but feel constrained to state our con- 
clusions upon the durability of timber wben 
made up into furniture and internal fitments. 
It is here necessary to refer to the " borer " 
trouble. It is a depressing thought, if, hav- 
ing paid for good timber and skill in making 
it up into articles for internal use, there 
should be a possibility that at some time 
or other the furniture should collapse because 
eaten hollow by the " borer " beetle. Some 
three years ago Mr. C. French, the Victorian ■ 
Government entomologist, and the writer of j 
this article, made independent investigations i 
into the trouble at the same time in Tasmania, 
and each inspected all the large stocks in 
the centres of production. Condensing the 
reports to the Tasmanian Government and' ■ 
the Roval Victorian Institute of Architects 
respectively, we both affree that as far as 
hardwood "and blackwood were concerned, it ' 
was a case of "ho mi"), no borer. '^ From 
that day to this the borei> trouble has been 
as dead as a tenpenny nail. There seems 
to be no reasons under the better conditions 
of seasoning now practised why doors, win- 
dows, and other fittings should not be made 
of hardwood in Victoria as they are in i 


This is another of our wonderful timbers, 
and one of the few which neither shrinks not 


Aug. -2:]. 1916. 

THE BUILDING NEWto : No. -3216. 


twists. It can even be cut green and put 
into sashes. Altliongh heavy, it does not 
.shrink, but in a little time loses, however, a 
considerable part of its weight. It i.s prac- 
tically everlasting. In Zeehan, Tasmania, 
owing to the e.xcessive rain and snowfalls 
in winter, and to the sun and tropical rain 
in the summer, it is impossible to lay either 
grass or, asjihalt for a tennis court. In 1898, 
however, a tennis court was built of celery 
top, and tliough at times it has borne any- 
thing from 1 in. to 12 ins. of snow, it is as 
good to-day as when it was laid. It makes 
, wonderfully good verandah floors, and for 
inside floors, especially ball-rooms, it is con- 
sidered much superior to New Zealand kauri. 

It is to be regretted that so much of this 
valuable timber has been destroyed. In 
appearance it is reddish, but very light, and 
even rivals celery top for la.sting properties. 
In fact, at the present there seems to be a 
race betw-een a tennis court built of celery 
• op and one of "King Billy"; they have 
t)oth been down for nearly twenty years, and 
«ach is ^s good to-day as when first laid. 
It is a wonderfully good timber for sashes, 
doors, etc., and its advocates claim that it 
v.jU outlast every other timber, more especi- 
:illy Baltic red deal, to which it is a superior 
timber in every way, or even to California 
redwood. It is somewhat similar in appear- 
ance to the latter, and we believe about the 
same price in the Victorian market. 


At one time Queensland cedar was supposed 
to be the best of our furniture timbers, but 
since the railways have opened up the country, 
maple has been brought into commercial 
use, and has proved equal if not superior to 
cedar, and certainly more durable. The charm 
of maple is its figuring, and when cut on its 
quarter, it not onlv shows figures, but also 
handsome grain. 6y no means difficult to 
work, it might perhaps be classified as soft- 
wood, though harder than cedar. One great 
advantage of maple over all imported red 
timbers is that it can he obtained readily in 
wide boards and lends itself kindly to staining 
to represent other timbers. It is a well-known 
fact that much so-called cedar and rosewood 
furniture made in Queensland, New South 
Wales, and Victoria, is nothing more nor less 
than stained maple. To show maple at its 
l«st, however, it should be fumed — which 
I'lucess emphasises its beautiful figure — and 
then wax-polished. Jt makes perhaps the 
finest furniture timber. Why more maple 
has not been used in Victoria is a mvsterv. 
In New South AVales its use is most popular, 
and for one thousand feet used in Victoria, 
New South Wales uses thirty thousand feet • 
in fact, over there all the" leading offices, 
banks, and financial institut^ns .are now 
using it for internal fittings. For furniture 
it may be used in the solid or veneered ; 
for the latter purpose sheets 6 by 3 ft. 6 ins.' 
being obtainable. 

The Victorian Railway Department .appre- 
ciates this timber, and "almost all the new 
carriages are being wholly fitted up with it. 
If satisfactory in railway carriage" work, it 
should be for all other fitments and furniture. 
We notice also that the State Savings Bank 
of Victoria, through its architects, is fitting 
up many of its latest branch with 
this timber. We have noticed it at Rich- 
mond, Balaclava, and Mornington. 


is another of our Australian timbers but little 
known. In the past used for posts and rails, 
large quantities are now being converted into 
veneers. Mr. Franklin H. Smith, one of the 
fore.sters attached to the Bureau of the 
United States Forest Service, when in Mel- 
bourne, inspected this walnut, and stated that 
it was in every way equal to " Circassian," 
and he considered it a shame that more 
not known of its good qualities. It is well 
adapted for high-class furniture, and is not 
a diflicult timber to veneer. 


(known also as " Dorrigo " or Colonial pine 
from N.S.W.). — tJntil lately, little was known 
in Victoria of this timber, but it is now 
almost as well known and almost equal to 
New Zealand kauri in many respects, and it 

is certainly its equal in floorings and linings. 
We need to go abroad to learn the value of 
our timbers. For instance, when the war 
commenced, it was found almost impossible to 
obtain birch and alder for the making of three- 
ply. The London Timber Trades' Journal 
recently asked through its Readers' Column 
for a solution of this difficulty by the readers 
sending samples of various timbers they C(.)n- 
sidereci suitable in place of birch and alder. 
An Australian firm sent a sample of hoop 
pine, which was submitted to various ex- 
perts, whose report as quoted in the Timber 
Trades' Journal on July 10 states : — 

" Hoop Pine. — From the sample sent us, 
we are inclined to think that hoop pine is 
suitable for better purposes than the manu- 
facture of ply-wood, for which purpose cheap- 
ness is the main object, in order to compete 
with a cheap alder and other woods used in 
Russia. Hoop pine appears to have the 
qualities of some of the best pine species, 
and might make a very good material for 
pattern purposes." 

Strange as it may seem, the general public 
will pay more for alder or birch than for 
hoop pine, yet, in London, hoop pine is con- 
sidered far superior. The value of this tim- 
ber will soon be realised in the making of 
architraves, mouldings, doors, etc. 

Queensland also furnishes " silky oak," 
a timber with a full grain which is admirable 
for panels. " Bean tree," " crow's ash," 
"crow's foot elm," and "red beech" are 
timbers about which we shall soon be sup- 
plied with more information. Beech is un- 
doubtedly the best timber on the Victorian 
market for the sills for window frames and 
other work upon which the fierce heat of the 
sun relentlessly beats. 


This may be obtained with a facing of most 
of our Australian timbers, especially black- 
wood and mountain ash (with its Tasmanian 
equivalents), silky oak and maple. The 
backing is usually of hoop pine. We under- 
stand that until recently the better type of 
Ihree-ply facing timber was sent from Aus- 
tralia to America for conversion, and we 
recently called attention to the excellent re- 
sults obtained by the Americans. The 
Canadians, too. in British Columbia are ex- 
perts in the " three-plying " of Douglas fir 
(or Oregon as it is known in America), and 
the specimens on view in the Canadian Trade 
Commissioner's office in Collins Street, Mel- 
bourne, bear eloquent testimony to the skill 
bestowed by our fellow-citizens of the Empire 
in North America. But America is surely not 
the country in which to deal with Australian 
timbers and their conversion into three-ply 
wood. A few years ago plant was installed 
in Melbourne by Mr. Alexander Sturrock, 
who for a long time suffered disappointment, 
firstly by inferior plant, and by the difficulty 
of converting our hardwoods. Latterly, how- 
ever, he has achieved success, and must now 
be congratulated upon the results obtained. 
In the opinion of many competent to judge, 
three-ply manufactured in Australia is equal 
to the material imported. 

To bring about this successful issue, Mr. 
Sturrock, through disappointments and with 
considerable loss, stuck to his enterprise, and 
to-day finds his efforts crowned with success. 
We understand two or three other manufac- 
turers intend erecting three-ply machinery. 
In the future there should, therefore, be 
ample supplies of three-ply in all our Aus- 
tralian timbers. The variety is probably 
greater than in any other one piece of terri- 
tory in the world, and now that the question 
of timlier supply — more especially that of 
wide boards — is so acute, the three-ply 
material seems to have come to the assistance 
of those consumers who need wide boards. 


Cajitain William Henry Bourohior Savi!*'. 
R.F.A.. wa.s killed on August 14. He was thr- 
son of Colonel H. B. O. Savilo, C.B.. of Clifton, 
liristol, was born in 1874, and was educated at 
{'lifion College. He was a member of the 
Institution of Civil Engineers, and was assistant 
ongineer at Bristol Docks when the war broke 
out. He married, in 1908. Alice Mary, eldest 
daughti^r of Major C. R. B. Thorne (iat* 60th 
Rifles). He was formerly captain in the 1st 
Gloucestershire R.G.A. Volunteers. 


The August i.ssue of the excellently inform- 
ative booklet issued by the British Reinforced 
Concrete Co., Limited, of 1, 'Dickinson Street, 
.Manchester, deals mainly with road reinforce- 

With road structures, as with other build- 
ing work, the first necessity is an adequate 

I'his may be obtained without difficulty, 
even on poor ground, by means of a layer of 
reinforced concrete about 6 inches thick, 
simply and quickly laid, and several times 
stronger than unreinforced concrete even 12 
inches thick. It is the ordinary form of 
economical construction used for floor slabs 
in hundreds of reinforced concrete buildings 
which has long ago displaced in building 
work tlie former unwieldy construction of 
thick concrete slabs. The point load, re- 
presented by the wheel of the vehicle on one 
side of the slab, is balanced by the distri- 
buted load, represented by the resistance of 
the ground on the other side of the slab. 
The reinforced structure is also resilient. It 
has been adopted during the past three years, 
and has proved its efficiency where special 
difficulties have had to be overcome and where 
the traffic has been heaviest. 

In all cases the result has been a complete 
success, and there is now no room for doubt 
that it gives for all conditions of modern 
traffic tlie necessary strength of foundation 
without which it is impossible to maintain 
any form of surface in a proper state of re- 
pair with a reasonable amount of attention. 

The examples illustrated of roads treated 
by the company's system include Tottenhan* 
Court Road, .several roads at Chester, St. 
Peter's Street, Bethnal Green, and some 
streets at Manchester, where special difficul- 
ties have been encountered and completely 



Lord Redesdale, who died last Thursday in 
liis 80th year, 'was probably best known to 
our own readers as Secretary to the Commis- 
sioners of Works and Buildings from 1873 to 
1886. Under his regime was accomplished the 
removal of the ecjuestrian statue of the Duke 
of Wellington from the top of Burton's Arch, 
which then faced Apsley House, and the re- 
erection of the Arch at the top of Constitution 
Hill, and the .substitution of the present 
smaller statue of the Duke at Hyde Park . 
Corner. Other works carried out under his 
direction were the restoration of the Chapel 
of St. Peter ad Vincula, in the Tower, and 
the removal from the White Tower of the 
disfiguring modern structures by which it was 
defaced. He took a leading part in the ar- 
rangement of the Wallace Collection, and was 
one of the Trustees of the National Gallery. 
He was made a peer in 1902. 

The death has occurred at Concarneau. 
Finistere, of a well-known artist, Mr. Joseph 
Bulfield, of Lancaster, aged 47. Mr. Bul- 
field was the youngest son of the late Mr. 
William 'Bulfield, Lancaster. He began his 
art studies at the Old Mechanics' Institute. 
Lancaster, afterwards studied under distin- 
guished French masters, and was a regular 
exhibitor at the Paris Salon and the Royal 
Academy. He excelled in portraiture, and 
had iiainted .some of the leading men of Lan- 
cashire, including Bishop Whiteside and three 
ex-Ma3'ors of Lancaster, whose portraits hang 
in the Lancaster Town Hall. He is sur- 
vived by his widow, a French lady. 


'Mr. W. 11. A'diam.s. chief a.ssii&tant in th^ 
Romford surveyoir's department, has joined 
the Forces. 

The death has taken place suddenly, at 
Innellan. Argyllshire, of Mr. Robert Philipson, 
for some time general manager of the Port of 
Ijondou Authority. Mr. Philipson began his 
official career in the service of the Tyne 
Iinproveinent Commissioners, of which he later 
became assistant secretary. He came to Lon- 
don in 1900 'as secretary to the Thames Con. 
sorvaiicy. When, in April. 1909, the Port of 
London Authority came into existence he was 
.ap|iointe<l secretary. Shortly afterwards he 
became general manager, and held that post 
till the end of 1913. He was fifty-si.x years of 

■-—- „^ift-*'*^" 


494 — Kountains Abbey. U'rfni photo.) 

574 — Detail from Chapel of Riccardi palace, Florence. _ (From _Ge}-inullor.) 

653 — Dourvvay ui Sola Jc Gigli, iii 1 


(rrom " A History of Architecture," by Russell Stirgis and A. L. Fkc 

lAUGUST 23, 1916. 

192 — Interior of hospital, Ourscamp. (From Enlart.) 

, Florence; by Benedetto da Majano. 

701 — Chateau of Chemaz6. (From photo.) 


Published by Doubleday, Page and Co. ; London Agents, B. T. Batsford, Ltd) 

(1 7 



GUST 23, 1916. 

I-L.D., F.R.S.E., I'.R.I.JJ.A , Royal (".old Medallist 1916, Architect. 



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(ultimately tflLEPTIC 

IeLEVATION and general main plan.— Messrs. Evekard, Son ami Pick, Architects. 


Dei^byshi^e Coqntv Council. 
Site Plaj\j of Thornhill Asylum. 

***» KJ £? 

. ^ COO *^. 


EvERARii, SoM £ Pick.. 
Architects Leicester. 

BLOCK PLAN.— Messrs. Everard, Son and Pick, Architects. 


Ti 1 1 : I ! r 1 1 . 1 ) I x ( ; .\ i : w s : Ao. 32 1 r,. 

Aug. 20, 191(5. 

(Bur JUustratians. 


This very Inrae hotel and railway station 
biiiUlinu:.<i are lierewith illustrated friim the 
peiiand'ink perspective reeently exhibited 
at the Roynl Institute of British Architects. 
The cost was :ibout £220.C00. and tlie work is 
one of the chief buildings designed and car- 
ried out by Sir R. Rowand Anderson. l.,I...D., 
F.R.S.E., F.R.I.B.A., R)yal Gold .Medallist. 
1916. When the medal was presented to the 
architect of this hotel a collection of his chief 
works in architecture was displayed in the 
Assembly Room, and certainly this station — 
which was erected some years ago — formed 
one of the most conspicuous exhibits. There- 
fore we have reproduced the drawing in con- 
nection with our report of the proceedings, 
which w'ill be found in our issue for June 21. 
when we gave a list of the buildings repre'- 
sented in the Conduit Street Galleries. Illus- 
trations of the Sir William Pearce Memorial 
Institute, Govan. X.B.. were printed in The 
BriLDiNG Xews for June 28. and a double- 
page photograph of PoUok House, Pollok- 
sJiaws. Renfrewshire, N.B.. for Sir John 
Stirling Ma.xwell. Bart., will be found in our 
number for August 2 — both works by Sir 
Rowand Anderson. 


We . commence to-day a very interesting 
series of illustrations, giving various working 
drawings of this very notable and large asylum. 
The present double-page plate includes a 
view of the main front and the general plan. 
A page is devoted to the block plan of the 
whole institution, while another sheet gives 
details of the bat.l"uhouses, so arranged that bathers can take their bath in 
the minimum amount of time and under com- 
plete supervision. At the outbreak of 
the war the prelinWnary plans for this 
asylum were already approved, and the 
detailed plans were before the Board 
of C-ontrol for their final consideration before 
being presented to the county council. At 
this stage the building proposals were with- 
drawn for the time being. The site, about 
300 acres in extent, is west of the River Der- 
went and north of the River X'oe, at the 
junction of these two rivers. The building 
area itself rises about 200 ft., and it is to 
the south-east of Win Hill, which rises to a 
height of about 1.500 ft. above the sea. The 
architects are Messrs. Everard, Son, and 
Pick, of Millstone Lane, Leicester. The 
estate is about half a mile from Bamford 
Station, and it is traversed by the ilidland 
Railway Dore and Chinley line, and from 
which it was essential to keep the buildings 
a reasonable distance. The actual site of the 
main asylum buildings has been planned 
practically along the 600 O.D. contour. 
Th-' ultimate accommodation provided for 
in the preliminarv plans is 1,056 county 
patients, and blocks on a separate adjoining 
site for 100 paying patients, making a total 
of 1,166 patients of all classes. The build- 
ings to be erected in the first instance were 
to accommodate about 530 county patients 
and 100 paying patients. Administra- 
tive buildings of the main asylum are 
placed in a, depression of the site with 
three two-story separate blocks for 
patients on either side. The laundry is 
located to the north-west on the female 
side ; the bakery and w'orkshops to the 
north-east on the male side. The patho- 
logical building is on the centre line at 
the back of the stores, and the church 
is on considerably higher ground again on 
the centre line. The isolation hospital is 
well away near the northern boundary of the 
building site. Separate h^mes both for the 
nurses and also for the attendants are pro- 
vided. The exteixsions of the asylimi were 
to be made by building detached villas and 
blocks, also by the erection of a hospital 
block. A house for the medical superinten- 

dent is located near Thoriiliill Lane, on the 
east side of the site. Farm buildings, 
together with a house for the bailiff, and cot- 
tages for men, are placed on the nouth-cist of 
the estate. A considerable portion of the 
old stone-built village of Tlunnhill forms 
part of the county council property. The 
old houses, together with a sufficient number 
of new buildings, will jirovide .iccomnioila- 
tion for the asylum titaff. The boiler- 
house and engineering plant generally 
are located in the hollow behind the 
olHcial block. The boilers are therefore in 
the best position to easily do the work re- 
quired of them, and the main chimney stack 
is placed centrally. The official bhick is a 
three-story building placed considerably in 
front of the patients' building, the approach 
road being well screenc"d by the terrace 
banks, nearly 20 ft. high, of patients' garden 
courts. Accommodation is provided on the 
ground floor for officials and the visiting 
committee. The first floor is occupied by 
the dispensary, operation rooms, pathological". 
X-ray, aiul photography rooms. The second 
floor provides the various rooms for, two 
assistant medical officers. Visiting rooms are 
provided on either side of the ofificial block 
in order that friends may see patients with- 
out having access to the asylum wards. 
.\ large recreation hall, with stage and 
dressing-rooms, is provided in the centre con- 
veniently accessible to the ward blocks on 
either side. At a higher level the kitchens, 
scullery, larders, cold-stoi'age, etc., are pro- 
vided. Between the kitchen and the main 
two-stoi'yed covered ways leading to the ward 
blocks, two servery and trolly spaces are 
provided, the one over the -other connecte^l 
together by a lift. By this means ready 
access by trollies from the kitchen to all the 
wards on <.ach floor is provided. Behind the 
kitchen block, general stores are provided, 
having serving lobbies to each side of the 
asylum. On the western side of the kitchen 
block are placed the matron's office, dining- 
rooms for nurses and officers, also maids' 
sitting-rooms. In a similar po.«ition on the 
east side are placed the head attendant's 
office, dining-rooms for attendants and 
officers. The bakehouse is located on the 
east side of the kitchen block, and con- 
veniently near the stores. Still further east 
on the male side of the asylum the work- 
shops are provided. In a corresponding 
position on the w'est side the general laundry 
and sewing-rooms are placed. The maids' 
bedrooms are placed over the wing on the west 
side of the centre buildings. The nurses' 
home is placed at the higher level on the 
female side of the buildings, while the atten- 
dants' home occupies a similar position on 
the male side. In addition to the baths in 
w-ards a general bath-house is provided on 
each side. The ward blocks — all two .stones 
high — are connected to the central buildings 
by covered ways only to the lower floor, and 
open ways t-o the upper floors. The plans 
show that the ward blocks nearest the centre 
are intended for sick and infirm cases. A 
special feature is the large provision of 
\'erandahs. Blocks for turbulent and violent 
cases are provided. For the time being, the 
upper floors of each of these blocks wiU be 
utilised for chronic cases, but ultimately 
these patients would be housed in somewhat 
simpler villa buildings. The outside blocks 
on either side provide accommodation for 
epileptics ; but again the upper ward in each 
instance will temixirarily be allocated to 
chronic cases. At the eastern end of the 
covered way on the male side a lavatory and 
boot-room are provided for patients working on 
the farm. The church is planned as a large 
hall with narrow aisles, which are to be used 
as passages only. Two small rooms adjacent 
to the entrance are provided for patients who 
may be taken suddenly ill. A chancel, 
vestry, and organ loft are provided. 
It was intended that the building should 
be faced with a grey-coloureJ brick. The 
wards were to have flat concrete roofs, and 
the remainder of the buildings it was in- 
tended to cover with slate-covered roofs. The 
site of the proposed asylimi is a very beautiful 
one, vbut to plan large buildings of this 
character joined together with roads and 
ways of reasonable gradients, was a problem of 
unusual difficultv and interest. 

The accompanying examples illustrated on 
the double page sheet are given in connection 
with our review of the Hi.story of Ar<liitec. 
tnre by Messrs. Stnrgis and Frothingham on 
PI). 168-9 aiilr. Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire. 
A.I). 1147: interior of hospital. Ourscam)i 
.Monastery, France ; Detail from the Chapel oi 
Kiccardi Palice. Florence, by Michelozzo, built 
soon after 1430 for the .Medi<i : Doorway (.f 
Sila de Gigli, in Palazzo Vicchio, Florence, 
by Benedetto da Majano, in tfie style per 
fecled by L'rbino ; Chateau of Chemaze. some 
what later than the Hotel du Bimrgtherouldu 
at Rouen, more slightly developed in the 
manner of the Earlv French Renaissance. 

DoNcASTER. — now the west front of 
Sir Gilbert Scott's famous church of St. 
George's. Doncaster, is more or less covered 
with scaffolding for repairs. The old parish 
church, having no particular architectural 
interest about it, was burnt down in 
1853, and .Mr. E. Becket Denison, Bart., the 
first Lord Grimthorpe, had much to do with 
its re-erection ; indeed, he made claim to 
having considerably influenced its design, par- 
ticularly in the fenestration. The arched sill 
of the great window as well as its details 
were copied by Lord Grimthorpe in the iwest 
front Avhich he subsequently added to St. 
.\lban's Abbey Church in Herts. The big 
window which Scott designed for .St. Cieorge's. 
Doncaster. is one of the largest in England, 
measuring 48 ft. high by 22 fi, o ins. wide. 
It has eight lights, and a wheel above them 
is 15 ft. in diameter. Hardman filled this 
window with painted glass. The cost of the 
church was between £40,000 and £50.000. 

Dublin. — The premises Xo. 20, Henry 
Street, destroyed during the Rebellion, are to 
be rebuilt for'Messrs. Bewley. Sons, and Co., 
Limited. The new building, five stories in 
height over basement, will be enclosed by 
brick walls and slated roof. The superstruc- 
ture and the various floors over the shop are 
to be carried on steel joists, which are to be 
supported by brick piers. The rear portion 
of the shop,' which is to be one story high, 
will be roofed in by a flat roof laid with 
asphalte, and c n-rying two large lantern lights. 
The shop and basement floors are to be con- 
structed of reinforced concrete, the former laid 
with timber and the latter with tiles. The 
plans have been prepared bv ilr. G. Beater. 
M.R.I.A.I., 10, Leinster Street, and the work 
is to be carried out by Messrs. H. and .1. Mar- 
tin. Limited, Grand Canal Street, Dublin. 

Hampstead. — A group of flats built by Sir 
Alfred Y'arrow, " out of his great respect for 
and in affectionate memory of his friend. 
Canon Barnett," will be opened in Hamp- 
stead Garden Suburb shortly. The maison- 
nettes ar? intended for the widows of soldiers 
and sailors, preference being given to those 
with one or two young children. The build- 
ing, which has been designed by Mr. John C. 
S. Soutar, has been erected on high ground 
at the edge of the oak woods. The property 
is vested in Barnett House. O.xford. and the 
rents are fixed at 3s. 5d. to 4s. 6d. to exclude 
charity, in accordance with Canon Barnett's 
well-known views, and the profits will be used 
to fmnish scholarships at the Garden Suburb 



Boyle's latest patent " Air-pump " venti- 
lators have been adopted for the Birmingham 
Brass Stamping Company's Offices, Glasgow. 

Messrs. Lynn and Co.'s works. Sunderland, 
are being ventilated by means of Shorland's 
exhaust roof ventilators, supplied by Messrs. 
E. H. Shorland and Brother, Ltd., of Fails- 
worth, Manchester. 

In order to remove lany misapprehension 
which may exist that as the result of the legal 
proceedinETS the business of Spiers and Pond. 
Ltd., will be discontinued, the receivers and 
managers inform us that such is by no means 
the case. The Court, by their anpointment. 
has directed that the business shall be carried 
on to the fullest extent, and has given tliem 
permission to retain the personnel of the com- 

Aug. 23, 1916. 





To Ifie Editor of the Biildixg News. 

Sir. — The article which appeared in 
■• Cmreiite Calamo " of your issue of 
August 2, although very interesting and 
very ingenious in its defence of t;he 
British system of weights and measures 
and the inch scale, yet, if I may be 
allowed to say it, is net very coiiviiicuig to 
those who, taking the interests of their 
country at heart in their own manner of ideas, 
are proposing the immediate adoption of the 
metric system by Great Britain. 

If we stick to our old methods of weigj>t'> 
and measures and to our complicated sy.iteni 
of calculations very much longer, the coming 
business war will show us that we have 
waited too long, and having waited shall 
-ee when it is too late, or almost so. 

The article states, that the metric system 
is unscientific and arbitrad-y. I would ad- 
vance that, on the contrary, tliis system is 
essentially a scientific one and, therefore, 
necessarily arbitrary. The man who has 
nevea' enjoyed the opportunity of using this 
system in practice cannot appreciate its value 
and advantages. 

The article goes on to say that the English 
inch is in many ways superior to the metre, 
but its superiority is not proved therein. To 
say that only seven scales can be utilised Tor 
drawings made on the metric scale would 
seem to show that the writer has never put 
into real practice the use of the metric scale, 
or I should say the metre. For an the metric 
system, the scales exist in the metre itself, 
and do not consist of a <lozen six-inch rules 
of ivoiy contained in a little box, with each 
rule carefully labelled as being to a scale of 
some fiaction ol an inch to equal a toot, 
scales one must always hav'S with one to be 
of any use. With the metric system the 
metre rule, or the one short nietric scale, is 
all that is required. Seven scales only ! Why. 
the number of scales in the metric system is 
infinite Naturally for practical purposes the 
■worker on the metric system draws and cal- 
culates to one of the many scales or ratios 
used in ordinary practice, but he who cares 
for any special purpose of hie own to use any 
any other proportion ^s.n apply any other 
ratio with just as much ease as if he were 
using the usual ratios. 

For survey drawings, plans of properties, 
maps, etc., the s.cale may be Im/m or l,00OtJh, 
2m/m or 500th, or less a.gain, say 2,000th or 
2,500ih, each of tliem perfectly clear and 
easy to read at a glance or to scale with the 
unique metric rule. The architect's draughts- 
man employs for his block plans or snxall 
sketches a 5m m ratio or 200th, for his draw- 
ings Ic .' m or 100th, nearly equivalent to our 
5-irt. scale, or 2c/m about equal to our |-in. 
scale, and for his larger drawings and details 
4c/m. 5c/m. lOc/m, 20c/in, 40c/m, 50c/m, 
or half size, or one metre, full size. Or if he 
likes, a scale of 9m/m or 9c/m would be 
equally as easy for to draw and calculate 
from. And by emiploying this system his 
means are easy of totalling up partials. and 
figuring his druwings in a clear, exact, and 
simple manner. 

One little box of ivory .scales produces 
.after a little search the special scale we want 
to use. say one wit.h ^ in. to the foi>t on the 
edge, or l-96th, and ^ in. to the foot on the 
other edge, or l-48th, and it is easy to turn 
the scale to its wrong edge by mistake with 
the consequent loss of time and the use of the 
eraser. And it is the same with thie, other 
English scales; and as to the 64th-inch scale 
mentioned, this equals ]-768Ui, how is it pos- 
sible to use such a ratio and calcuKite from it 
with ease and despatch? No doubt the Eng- 
lish draughtsman is accustomed to his set of 
scales and can get aVaig with them in. a more 
or less rapid and convenient way, just as tlie 
primitive man got along with his flint took. 
But iihe trouble, loss of time, an.d the com 
plicated calculations cimie along when he has 
to compare tile values of the scale of his draw 
ings with those of the suiierficial feet or 
yards, the cubic feet or yards, the rods of brick- 
work, the gallons of water, etc., all connected 
with the work of the cominielKMision and the 

execution of his designs. But he does not 
trouble about tliis maioh, his system would 
cost him too much time, he leaves these cal 
culations and transformations to the qua.ntity 
surveyor and to the builder, and he is gene- 
rally quite unable to tell without going into 
some complicated calculations, or without re- 
ferring to his handbook of formuUn and 
tables, the cubic contents of the masonry or 
brickwoi-k, etc., or whether the attic designed 
to contain the water cisterns, wliich are to 
hold so many gallons, is really large en.o.ugh 
for the cisterns unless he passes some time 
in transforming gallons, etc., into cubic feet 
or yards, and these cubic feet into pomids or 
hundredweights to get at the right dimjeuii- 
sions of the tanks, their cubic contents, and 
their weight when full. 

With tlie metric .sy.stem all these calcula- 
tions can be done whilst drawing in a very 
short space of time, for the metre, the litre, 
the kilo are all on one and the same basis and 
can be multiidied one with^Jiother or divided 
without transformation. 

I am afraid that the men mentioned in the 
article who having been brought up to the use 
of the metric scale took kindly to the inch 
scales and even preferred it were not of a 
temperament to really take kindly to one or 
the other. I have met many of our men now 
doing military work here in France, arohi- 
tects, suirveyors. electricians, etc., who in 
their work are obliged to use the metric 
system, and I have not as yet met one who 
was not entluasiasticon its facilities and advan- 
tages, or who will not be loth to return to the 
old methods when he goes back to England. 
The architects had almost forgotten their 
tables of weights and measures, and re- 
ferred to the temporary buildings they had 
designed or supervised in metric tenns only. 
The surveyors' thoughts were far away from 
acres, roods, poles, etc., and engi-ossed in 
the metric surfaces and dimensions of the 
encampments, etc., they had to set 
i>ut, and the electricians waxed warm about 
the rapiidity and facility with which they 
coidd at a glance select the section of cable 
required for a specified strength of current, 
cables of metric sections all proportionate 
on? to the other and with the cun-ent they 
were destined to carry. No more seardriug 
out iia.met€rs and gauges, they said, cables 
which might or might not be nearly what 
they wanted. 

■The articles state that the French and Ger- 
mans use the millimetre, writing 8mm. rather 
than .008m., and that this unit is preserved 
until the large parts are figured by perhaps 
many thousand millimetres, and that these 
figures have to be squared and cubed with 
nfuch multii)liCation which could be saved by 
the use of the inch, the foot, and the yard. 
The users of the metric system, when speak- 
ing of millimetres, say, for convenience .sake, 
eight millimetres instead of point zero zero 
eight, and in writing put 8m/m. generally. 
But on a drawing figured between points the 
figures used would be .008 or .015, as the case 
might be, and all figures between points 
would be marked in decimals. But I have 
not yet seen a drawhig on which the milli- 
metres have been carried to thousands or yet 
to hundreds, except, perhaps, the latter in 
offset figuring denoting sections of steel. 

But after all the question of the use of the 
metric scale or the inch scale in the prepara- 
tion of drawings and the convenience and the 
saving of time, or not, afforded by the use of 
one system or the other, is not the important 
point compared with the vast importance of 
the consequent saving or loss of time, con- 
venience, or inconvenience, of the millions of 
workers in all trades who are engaged in the 
execution of the designs prepared by the 
architect. The architect may take a little 
longer in the preparation of his designs, the 
drauglitsman may take a few more days or 
weeks in the getting out of his complete draw- 
ings, and cost his employer a little more 
salary. The matter of importance is the 
adoption by the architect of a system which 
would allow more convenience in calcula- 
tions, less trouble, more gain of time, and, 
therefore, business and money, to all those of 
the many trades who have to put into realisa- 
tion the designs conceived by the architect. 
The buihier, the decorator, and all the other 
businesses and multitudes of workers, whose 

being would not exist if it were not for build- 
ing work, the materials, internal arrange- 
ments, the wants, comforts, and luxuries of 
the inhabitants for whom the buildings were 
designed and created, would profit by the use 
of the metric system. 

I am aware that the metric system is not 
ab.solutely perfect, as the writer of the article 
remarks, and that the lineal metre is wrong 
by the fraction of an inch — why inch? — but 
whatever difference can this small error make 
when most of us are unaware of it — it is only 
to the absolute scientist that this fraction may 
have some importance — when the system is 
the nearest possible approach to perfection we 
possess at this moment? We cannot waitfor 
a system which would be absolute perfection, 
and which we shall never get. We may be 
sure that the Germans will not wait for it. 

I must confess that I am unable to quite 
appreciate the calculations the articles give in 
length for the assimilation of the inch to the 
metre. It seems quite a complication to take 
so many hundreds of thousands of inches to 
transform them into so many millions of centi- 
metres by means of a series of multiplications 
and use of constants which few will be able 
to remember or be sure of. 

Why search out a laborious combination of 
this sort, and when this is done, still find 
ourselves more or less as we were before, 
using a system of our own and still out of 
touch witii our neighbours? If we want to 
do great things after the war in friendly com- 
petition with our Allies, and in serious com- 
petition with the enemy, we must be in per 
feet agreement with them during the coming 
commercial war. as we are with them in the 
great war, and the only way to be able to 
work together with all our Alli'es is to adopt 
the metric system, and speak the metric 
language used by our friends, the French, and 
in about forty other countries. — I am, etc, 
Arihttr Vye-P.\rminter, 

Architect, Paris. 

August 17, 1916. 

SiK,_My chief fortress for the defence of 
the British decimal system (the B.D.S,) is 
mv book "British Trade and the Metric 
Svstem " The sub-title of the book is selt- 
eiplanatory, " How to Trade with Metric 
Countries, "and with Russia, in Ordinary 
British Units." The proposals made by me 
will not in anv way